Osteoarthritis is among the most common ailments that people on the other side of 50 are affected with. Few of the primary reasons behind osteoarthritis are age, obesity, lack of exercise and weakened bones. Sometimes, osteoarthritis stems from joint injury or some sort of stress on the bones. It leads to acute pain and stiffness and can only be cured through medication and exercise.
The symptoms may vary from mild creakiness in the joints,swelling,mild pain to deformity of the joint,stiffness, difficulty in movement and severe pain. Long periods of inactivity can also trigger extreme stiffness. While it is an extremely painful disease, it does not spread to the other parts of the body. Inflammation of various degrees in the ligaments and joints is the primary cause of osteoarthritis and sustained treatment can only result in abating of pain.
Osteoarthritis is usually treated through detecting the symptoms and through other imaging tests, while joint replacement is a viable solution in severe cases, majority of the patients are managed with non-surgical processes that reap fruitful results while battling osteoarthritis. It usually involves an optimum mixture of exercises and drug therapy. While there are several cures available, prevention should always be a priority.
Many indications of knee replacements include severe osteoarthritis in x-ray with deformity of the knee causing significant problems in lifestyle of the patient despite all conservative means.
There are many sports injuries commonly treated by physiotherapists such as muscle strains, ligament sprains, dislocations and fracture.The type of physiotherapy treatments will vary according to the sports injury.
What Happens at the First Visit?
During your first visit to your physiotherapist, you will be asked about your activity that led to your injury, your past medical history and other related data. The therapist will perform a thorough physical examination of your injured body part. Based on the results of physiotherapy evaluation and examination, also on your particular needs and goals, your physiotherapist will formulate a comprehensive treatment plan specifically made for you.
Physical Therapy Treatments for Sports Injuries
Orthopedic disorders include all the health issues and ailments that are related to the muscles, joints and ligaments. Orthopedic disorders are so widespread and so large in number that it is very difficult to list all of them down. However, among them the four most common orthopedic disorders are:
Joint stiffness is a feeling that the movement of a particular joint is getting restricted. The stiffness is generally accompanied by pain and occurs mainly due to arthritis or as a result of an injury to joint. Appropriate and regular exercises can help reduce stiffness and pain, increase flexibility, improve endurance, develop muscle strength and keep bone and cartilage in healthy condition.
What physiotherapy is all about? How it can be helpful in treating joint stiffness?
One of the allied health professions is physiotherapy, which by using mechanical force and movements, exercise therapy and electrotherapy, acts as a remedy for impairments and promotes a person’s mobility and joint function. The kind of physical therapy treatment which people receive for their joint stiffness mainly depends on the exact cause for the condition and other symptoms such as pain and inflammation.
Procedure for treating joint stiffness through physiotherapy-
Now, after the completion of his questioning and physical examination, the comprehensive physical therapy treatment plan would be prepared as per the exact of your stiffness, symptoms and your needs.
First, by determining the exact cause of joint pain and then treating it with highly effective therapies, physiotherapy acts as a preventive mechanism for reducing joint stiffness and the pain associated with it.
The treatment options which physiotherapists generally go for are as follows:
Heel pain is a common problem in the body where the affected person experiences pain radiating from the heel bone. Heel pain usually progresses slowly over time, it is recommended to consult a medical professional, if heel pain turns severe. The pain tends to most severe after one has been inactive for some time such as after waking up in the morning.
Heel pain is usually caused when tissues present in the bottom of the heel (plantar fascia) is damaged. These tissues connect the heel bone with the bones of the feet and help in absorbing shocks. Tears are formed in these tissues when they are damaged or when they get thicker. These tissues are at an increased risk of wear and tear for those who are over 45 years old. The risks also tend to increase if the person is obese or whose occupation requires standing for lengthy periods of time.
Among other causes of heel pain are heel bone fractures, fat pad atrophy (a condition where a layer of fat present under the heel bone is reduced) and bursitis (inflammation of the fluid-filled sacs present around the joints). Peripheral neuropathy is a condition where damage occurs in the peripheral nerves (that transmits signals between the central nervous system and the rest of the body), this can cause pain in the heel.
The symptoms of heel pain include:
1. Experiencing pain while jogging or walking
2. A feeling of pins pricking the heels after waking up in the morning
3. Inability to bend the heel
4. Painful swelling
5. Pain in the heel accompanied by fever
Prevention and treatment-
Heel pain can be prevented by taking certain preventive measures such as restricting usage of high heeled shoes without proper support and stretching the heel regularly. Medications such as painkillers are used to treat symptoms of heel pain
Physiotherapy treatment -
1. Some instructions have to follow
2. Manual therapy
3. Ift +ultrasound therapy
4. Calf stretching
5. Contras bath
With age our body begins to show signs of wear and tear, wrinkles appear on the skin, movement slows down etc. Osteoarthritis is one such condition that is a result of advancing age. This is a musculoskeletal condition where the cartilage between the bones at a joint gradually wears down and disintegrates. As a result, the bones have no cushioning and moving the joint becomes hard and painful. There is no cure for osteoarthritis and no way to prevent it either. However, physiotherapy can help improve the patient’s quality of life.
Here are some of the benefits of physiotherapy for osteoarthritis patients.
Physiotherapy must always be conducted by an experienced physiotherapist. It is equally important to listen to your body and to challenge it. Only a good physiotherapist will know when you can push your body out of its comfort zone and when you should simply rest. So do not overdo an exercise as it could harm the muscles and joint. If you experience any pain while exercising, it must be brought to the notice of the physiotherapist immediately.
Arthritis is inflammation of one or more of your joints. Pain, swelling, and stiffness are the primary symptoms of arthritis. Any joint in the body may be affected by the disease, but it is particularly common in the knee.
Knee arthritis can make it hard to do many everyday activities, such as walking or climbing stairs. It is a major cause of lost work time and a serious disability for many people. There are 2 types of arthritis the knee joint in the human body can get afflicted with. They are:
Osteoarthritis: The form of arthritis which, with increasing pain, slowly wears down the joint cartilages is called osteoarthritis. This form of arthritis usually affects people after the age 40. The symptoms of osteoarthritis include:
severe pain in the knee joints
pain after walking up the stairs and it subsiding once you are on rest
severe pain after the movement of joints for a long time
pain that becomes worse in rainy days
joints becoming stiff after waking up in the morning but they improve in the latter part of the day
pain which also occurs in the thighs and the genital regions coupled with joints swelling and joints getting stiff after rest.
Rheumatoid Arthritis: Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic form of arthritis caused because of the knee joint inflammations. This form of arthritis can occur at any age. Being an auto-immune disease, its symptoms include, but are not limited to:
Doctors are still doubtful about what exactly causes the disease; but the deformation of the immune system might cause the damage of the joints, causing people who are already suffering from obesity, smokers, and women, in general, more prone to this disease.
When the knee pain is diagnosed as a form of arthritis, the following treatments are suggested:
If you are overweight or obese, losing some of those extra pounds can go a long way in reducing the pain.
Muscle-stretching exercises are effective in keeping the knee joints flexible.
Acupuncture and devices such as knee braces and knee caps can relieve the pain.
Prescribed dosage of anti-inflammatory drugs such as Tylenol, Motrin, and Advil or injections of hyaluronic acid might relieve your pain.
Physiotherapy For Knee Arthritis-
Physiotherapy treatment is aimed at improving the symptoms of the disease (i.e. knee pain, swelling, stiffness), and you should begin to notice a positive difference within one or a few physiotherapy sessions.
The main goals of physiotherapy for your knee arthritis are:
If the stroke has affected the part of your brain that controls movement, one may have weakness or paralysis on one side of your body or problems with moving and doing your everyday activities.
The process of physiotherapy should resume as soon as the patient is stabilized
Symptoms like muscle spasms, balance problems, and joint pain. This guide explains some of the ways that physiotherapy can helps recovery.
Strength training - There is evidence that strength training improves function without increasing tone or pain in individuals with stroke.
Voluntary control development terms (" voluntary" and" involuntary" apply to the human nervous system and its control over muscles) is the major work of a physiotherapist and its done through different techniques of neuro physiotherapy
Orthotics - Basic splinting at night time to prevent contracture in initial stage helps.
Long-term use of static orthoses requires complimentary appropriate treatment, to prevent clenched fist.
Gaming - Goal orientated computer gaming has proven to significantly reduce upper limb impairment in stroke patients.
Virtual reality - Virtual reality training has been shown to be effective in restoring motor impairments and motor-related functional abilities
Mirror therapy - Mirror therapy has been shown to have a beneficial effect on motor control and function compared with conventional therapy
Robot-assisted therapy - Has been shown to have a beneficial effect on motor recovery.