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Personality Disorder Tips

Borderline Personality Disorder - What You Need To Know?

Dr. Sumit Chandak 91% (12 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Pune
Borderline Personality Disorder - What You Need To Know?

Borderline Personality is a behavioural pattern that includes mood swings, self-esteem issues, impulsive behavior and recurrent ideas of self-harm. It causes lot of turbulence in one's life and can lead to psychological distress.

People having borderline personality traits fear abandonment and loneliness. At the same time, they have may also experience mood swings, sudden emotional outburst or anger and hostility. This often prevents them from having a smooth and long lasting relationship in life. It usually starts affecting the patient's life from early adulthood. It however seems to improve with age. The patient can have distorted self-image, validate his/her standing in the society based on how others look at them. He or she can be unclear about what they want from life or even have doubts about themselves. Even minor incidents can trigger intense reactions in people with BPD.

Symptoms of BPD:

  1. Disturbed self-image: People have self-esteem difficulties, they may at times be very happy about themselves or at times hate self too. They have ambivalent goals, views, beliefs and often end up changing their friends, partners, jobs, etc. 
  2. Emotional instability: Intense feelings of rage, sorrow, anger, guilt and emptiness or loneliness are experienced by some sufferers of BPD. Extreme mood swings, lasting for a short span of time, are common in BPD. They may also have issues with their self-image where they cannot place themselves and don't know what they feel about themselves or who they are. 
  3. Dysfunctional relationships: It can be difficult to maintain a smooth relationship for people with personality disorder. They tend to have turbulent short-lived relationships and get put off very easily which leads to a lot of heartbreak. Suicidal tendencies and frequent self-harm behaviour like cutting skin using blades/ sharp objects are common. Drugs and alcohol abuse, eating disorders and sexual indiscretion are other forms of self-destructive behaviour commonly encountered in this population. Extreme aggression, delusions, transitional psychotic states are other possible symptoms of BPD.

Causes for BPD:

  1. Usually it has been found by researchers that it occurs to patients who have had a disturbed childhood. Complex and unpleasant happenings in the childhood may leave a deep impact on the patient's personality, which comes back as a disorder in his or her early adulthood. From mental, physical to sexual abuse in the childhood can lead to this condition in adults. 
  2. Besides, researchers have discovered recently that this illness has hereditary links. Some genes may be responsible for BPD. Improper functioning of the brain is also another factor. Especially, the portion of brain that controls emotions might not be functioning properly in co-ordination with other parts of it.

Diagnosis for BPD:

There is no particular clinical test that can diagnose BPD. It can be diagnosed by a series of interactive session with the patient by a psychiatrist.

Love and support from family and friends are crucial for patients suffering from this disease. Prolonged counseling sessions, therapies and the effort to break away from the chronic gloomy thoughts will definitely lead one to a better life.

3 people found this helpful

Underlying Factors That May Trigger Aggression

Dr. Manish 88% (11 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Underlying Factors That May Trigger Aggression

Aggression or aggressive behavior can often lead to violence and destruction which can be really harmful to their loved ones. When dealing with an aggressive person, it is important to understand that aggression is not always an after effect of some provocations and can often be spontaneous. Excessive and frequent aggression can wreak havoc, affecting the person and their loved ones physically, mentally as well as emotionally. Reports suggest that cases of aggression among youngsters are rising at an alarming rate. It has also been noted that the boys exhibit more aggression than girls. Thus, proper action needs to be taken at the earliest to avoid serious consequences.

Symptoms:
The following symptoms and behavioral changes may be observed in people with aggressive nature.

  1. The person may have mood swings and remain irritated all the time. Depression may be commonly seen in such people.
  2. The person isolates himself or herself from the outside world.
  3. Insomnia and eating disorders are common.
  4. An unstable mental health.
  5. The person may exhibit signs of self-destruction.They may also cause harm to the others, including their loved ones.
  6. There may be hallucinations, delusions, confusion and poor communication skills.
  7. There may alterations in his or her personality.
  8. Lack of concentration. A person may find it difficult to read or write.
  9. Lethargy is also common in people with aggressive behavior.

Underlying factors that may trigger aggression
A person may appear aggressive physically, mentally, verbally or even emotionally. The aggressive behavior can be an outcome of a myriad of factors such as:

  1. A negative environment during the growing period: How a child is brought up can play a significant role in shaping their character. A person who had seen a lot of fights, arguments or aggression in their childhood often grows up to be aggressive.
  2. Genetics: People who have a family history of aggression and aggressive behavior (immediate family) are more likely to be aggressive.
  3. An unstable mental health with conditions such as schizophrenia, conduct disorder, bipolar disorder or Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can also cause aggression. Aggression can also be triggered by traumatic brain injury, stress, meningitis, stroke or substance abuse (as well as withdrawal symptoms).

Managing Aggressive Behavior
A person needs to have a lot of patience while dealing with aggressive people. Such people need your support, love, care, and affection.

  1. For an effective management, try and find out the triggers of aggression and then work towards improving the situation.
  2. Meditation can have a great soothing effect and can play an important role to calm down the person. Music may be equally helpful.
  3. Sound sleep and proper rest can work miracles in reducing the associated symptoms and complications.
  4. Maintain a positive environment around the affected person. Keep the person happy, cheerful and stress-free.
  5. Don't let the person live in isolation. Try and make them interact with people. Don't give them the impression that they are not normal. Don't over sympathize with them. They need your support more than the sympathy.
  6. Don't shy away from medical help. Love and care with proper medications can work wonders.
2 people found this helpful

Top 10 Psychologist in Delhi!

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 88% (119 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Top 10 Psychologist in Delhi!

According to reports, anxiety disorders and multiple personality disorders are very common these days. An experienced psychologist can help you. Top 10 psychologist in Delhi are:

1. Dr. Vikas Khanna

BDS, Diploma in Hypnotherapy (DHT), Certification in Neuro Linguistic Programming, Certification course in Genes and Human Condition, Certification in Psychology at work

Dr. Khanna is a well experienced psychologist, in Delhi. He has 18 years of experience and runs his own chain of clinic - Dr Vikas Khanna's Counseling & Hypnotherapy Clinic, in Delhi & Gurgaon. He is also a hypnotherapist and practices past life regression that is helpful in treating phobia. Other areas of super specialities  are marital counselling, depression, anxiety and stress

Consultation fees: ₹1500

2. Dr. Pooja Anand Sharma 

Ph.D - Psychology, M.Sc. - Counselling and Psychotherapy,, M.A - Psychology , Certificate in Psychometric Testing

Dr. Pooja Anand Sharma is treating patients for more than 12 years now. She is known for her compassion, care and personal touch. She deals with problems such as behavior issues, anger, stress and anxiety, Counselling for drug and alcohol abuse, OCD. She also deals with family issues like parenting issues and doubts, premarital counseling. You can visit her at Vishwas Healing Centre- Rohini.

Consultation fees: ₹500

3. Dr. Rakhi Anand (PhD)

PhD - Clinical Psychology, Diploma in Clinical and community psychology, MA - Clinical Psychology, BA - Psychology

Dr. Rakhi Anand is a clinical and counselling psychologist, with 27 years of experience. She is associated with many hospitals like Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, Delhi, Sarita Vihar. She is an active member of the Delhi Psychiatric Society and has done her training from from NIMHANS (Bangalore)  in cognitive behaviour therapy. She is known for her counselling skills in psychological disorders especially in adolescents. She is also good at treating at anxiety disorder, stress and depression, phobias, personality disorders and family problems like marital counselling.

Consultation fees: ₹1500 - 1800

4. Dr. Prof. G.B. Singh (PhD)

PhD - Psychology, MA - Psychology & Behavioural Medicine

WIth 27 years of experience, Dr. Singh is a psychologist and counsellor, who is known for his ethical practice and warm nature. His special interest areas are relationship & marital counselling, anxiety , stress and depression therapy.  He is nationally and internationally, recognised for his role in revolutionizing approach towards cognitive-behavioural issues. He practices in Delhi and Gurgaon.

Consultation fees: ₹1400 - 1500

5. Dr. (Prof) RK Suri (PhD)

PhD - Clinical Psychology, MA - Applied Psychology, M.Phil - Clinical Psychology, Post Graduate Diploma in Coaching, LLB

Prof (Dr) R. K Suri is a well known counsellor and a professor with 34 years of experience. He masters at different approaches like hypnotherapy, psychoanalysis, neuropsychological assessment to treat various cognitive, behavioural and personality disorders. He is recognized internationally for his contribution in the field of cognitive neuropsychology and brain neuroplasticity. His interest areas are depression, OCDs, anxiety, and cognitive behaviour problems like learning disorders in children. He runs his own chain of clinics- Psychowellness Centre at different places in Delhi.

Consultation fees: ₹2000 - 3000

6. Dr. Deepali Batra

M.Phil - Clinical Psychology, M.A.- Clinical Psychology

Dr. Deepali Batra, is practicing psychologist in Delhi with 14 years of experience. She is considered as a specialist at psychological assessment for children as well as adults and at conducting child psychology workshops. Her interest areas are intelligence and dyslexia, ADHD, issues related to cognitive behaviour and marriage and relationship counselling. She is practising at PALS For Children & Adults, Delhi.

Consultation fees: ₹1200

7. Ms. Anu Gehlot

M.Phil - Psychology, Masters In Psychology, BA-Psychology

Ms. Gehlot, is a psychologist with 6 years of experience. She is known for her skills of counselling especially in cases of anger management, abnormal behavior, sex addiction counselling, depression & stress. She is currently practicing at Monga Medical Centre, Delhi.

Consultation fees: ₹800- 1000

8. Dr. Nisha Khanna

Ph. D - Psychology

Dr. Nisha Khanna, is famous as a marriage counsellor. She is amongst the most prominent name in Delhi. In 18 years of experience she has handled more than 3200 cases. Her clientage is worldwide and she can be often seen talking on various channels and media about issues of stress, depression and temperament issues in marriage.

Consultation fees: ₹500

9. Mrs. Upasana Chaddha Vij

MA - Psychology, PhD Psychology

With 8 years of experience Mrs. Vij is a well known name in Delhi, when it comes to clinical psychology. She is practicing in Panchsheel park & Malviya Nagar, Delhi. She has lots of patience and compassion that is very important to live a more productive and meaningful life.

Consultation fees: ₹1100

10. Ms. Jagriti Sharma

M.Phil - Clinical Psychology, BA(Hons.) Applied Psychology, MA - Clinical Psychology, PGD in Rehabilitation Psychology, Advanced Diploma in Behavior Testing

Ms. Sharma is a clinical psychologist, with 9 years of experience. She has given counselling a new dimension, by her skills and the methods used.She has handled some difficult cases in her career. Her special focus is on children who learning and behaviour issues like dyslexia or ADHD.

Consultation fees: ₹700

2 people found this helpful

Signs, Causes and Treatment for Paranoid Personality Disorder

Dr. Dhaivat Mehta 87% (10 ratings)
DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Gandhidham
Signs, Causes and Treatment for Paranoid Personality Disorder

There are a number of mental disorders and conditions that may affect the psyche of a person, due to various reasons including hormonal changes, environmental factors and even genetic conditions. Paranoid Personality Disorder is one such condition that gives rise to eccentric behavioral patterns. This may make the patient seem odd or even strange to others. Here are the signs, causes and various forms of treatment available for this condition.

  • Symptoms and Signs: Most of the patients suffering from this disorder will be completely convinced that there is nothing wrong with their behavior and everyone around them are conniving against them with ulterior motives of bringing them down. This will make them highly suspicious individuals with intense trust issues. They also become angry and violent very soon and usually do not have a justified reason for such temper tantrums. These patients will also be detached and isolated socially, with hardly any friends and relationships. They will also have trouble seeing their own problems and flaws, which can keep them from having meaningful relationships.
  • Causes: The causes of this disorder are not known as yet. There is much ongoing research in this field. It is widely believed that this disorder is born due to a combination of biological factors and other environmental factors that may have conditioned the brain in a negative manner. Chemical and hormonal imbalances are known to be at the core of many such disorders. Also, it may be seen in people who come from a family of Schizophrenic patients. Trauma experienced during one's childhood can also lead to the onset of this disorder.
  • Treatment: One of the most effective forms of treatment for this disorder includes therapy. Talk therapy or CBT which is also known as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a form of discussion based therapy that can help the patient in talking about his or her feelings. These are then analysed in a clinical setting with the intervention of a trained psychiatrist or psychologist who will help the patient in pointing out abnormal behavior. This kind of therapy also helps in reaching the root cause of the issue that may have caused this condition in the first place. By doing so, there is a better chance of treating this cause and thus changing the attitude of the patient. This will help in steering the patient towards more normal behavior in the long run. This kind of therapy will have to take place over a long period of time before the results begin to show up in the day to day living and functioning of the patient. Anti-depressants and antipsychotics may also be prescribed.
1 person found this helpful

Autoimmune Diseases - 10 Diet Facts You Need To Know!

Dt. Sangita Chatterjee Bisoyi 85% (14 ratings)
MBA-HR, MBA-Finance, Diploma in Dietetics, Health and Nutrition (DDHN), Diploma in Nutrition and Health Education (DNHE))
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Autoimmune Diseases - 10 Diet Facts You Need To Know!

An autoimmune disease often develops when your immune system, which guards your body against any kind of illness, starts attacking your own body. It decides that your healthy cells are foreign and attacks the healthy cells. Depending upon the type of illness, an autoimmune disease can influence one or various types of body tissue. It can bring about unusual organ development and changes in organ functioning.

A good diet is essential and a basic requirement so that it does not trigger aggravation in the digestion systems and further weaken your intestines. The diet should be taken in small portions to avoid bloating in the stomach. One should eat in small portions after every two to three hours. Some of the dietary measures for an autoimmune disease are as follows-

  1. Stay away from gluten: In case you have an autoimmune disease, you generally require a lab test to know that you need to stay away from gluten. This protein, which is found in wheat, spelt, rye and grain, is connected to numerous immune system conditions.

  2. Locate your reactive foods and discontinue them: Even grains that do not contain gluten like corn and rice can cause reactions in the immune system in a few people. Atomic mimicry happens when your body confuses your own body tissue for the similar kind of proteins found in a few foods. See whether you are having any food that you might be allergic to.

  3. Include green tea and turmeric into your daily diet: They dampen the autoimmune reaction in many parts of the body especially the brain.

  4. Stay away from refined table salt: Table salt has been shown to irritate and aggravate some of the autoimmune conditions.

  5. Consume egg whites: They have anti-bacterial components and have the property to bind some of the nutrients. A few people will argue that they're fine when cooked. However, if you choose to just have the yolks, you can do so without any worry.

  6. Take a healthy meat diet: Some meats like chicken, fish, sheep and turkey are good for the health. Swordfish and lord mackerel are high in mercury. Select infection free chicken, turkey, and sheep.

  7. Consume low Glycemic Organic Fruits: Consume fruits including apples, apricots, avocados, berries, cherries, grapefruit, lemons, oranges, peaches, pears, plums for healthy glucose absorption.

  8. Coconut intake: Coconut margarine, coconut cream, coconut milk, coconut oil, unsweetened coconut pieces, unsweetened coconut yogurt are great for health.

  9. Herbs and Spices: Spices like basil, dark pepper, cilantro, coriander, cumin, garlic, ginger, lemongrass, mint, oregano, parsley, rosemary, sage, ocean salt and thyme should be used.

  10. Fermented food: Kimchi, cured ginger, aged cucumbers, coconut yogurt, kombucha, water kefir, and so forth need to be consumed for the vitamins and nutrients they contain.

1 person found this helpful

Borderline Personality Disorder - Signs & Symptoms To Watch Out For!

Dr. Sumit Chandak 91% (12 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Pune
Borderline Personality Disorder - Signs & Symptoms To Watch Out For!

Borderline Personality is a behavioural pattern that includes mood swings, self-esteem issues, impulsive behavior and recurrent ideas of self-harm. It causes lot of turbulence in one's life and can lead to psychological distress.

People having borderline personality traits fear abandonment and loneliness. At the same time, they have may also experience mood swings, sudden emotional outburst or anger and hostility. This often prevents them from having a smooth and long lasting relationship in life. It usually starts affecting the patient's life from early adulthood. It however seems to improve with age. The patient can have distorted self-image, validate his/her standing in the society based on how others look at them. He or she can be unclear about what they want from life or even have doubts about themselves. Even minor incidents can trigger intense reactions in people with BPD.

Symptoms of BPD:

  1. Disturbed self-image: People have self-esteem difficulties, they may at times be very happy about themselves or at times hate self too. They have ambivalent goals, views, beliefs and often end up changing their friends, partners, jobs, etc. 
  2. Emotional instability: Intense feelings of rage, sorrow, anger, guilt and emptiness or loneliness are experienced by some sufferers of BPD. Extreme mood swings, lasting for a short span of time, are common in BPD. They may also have issues with their self-image where they cannot place themselves and don't know what they feel about themselves or who they are. 
  3. Dysfunctional relationships: It can be difficult to maintain a smooth relationship for people with personality disorder. They tend to have turbulent short-lived relationships and get put off very easily which leads to a lot of heartbreak. Suicidal tendencies and frequent self-harm behaviour like cutting skin using blades/ sharp objects are common. Drugs and alcohol abuse, eating disorders and sexual indiscretion are other forms of self-destructive behaviour commonly encountered in this population. Extreme aggression, delusions, transitional psychotic states are other possible symptoms of BPD.

Causes for BPD:

  1. Usually it has been found by researchers that it occurs to patients who have had a disturbed childhood. Complex and unpleasant happenings in the childhood may leave a deep impact on the patient's personality, which comes back as a disorder in his or her early adulthood. From mental, physical to sexual abuse in the childhood can lead to this condition in adults. 
  2. Besides, researchers have discovered recently that this illness has hereditary links. Some genes may be responsible for BPD. Improper functioning of the brain is also another factor. Especially, the portion of brain that controls emotions might not be functioning properly in co-ordination with other parts of it.

Diagnosis for BPD:

There is no particular clinical test that can diagnose BPD. It can be diagnosed by a series of interactive session with the patient by a psychiatrist.

Love and support from family and friends are crucial for patients suffering from this disease. Prolonged counseling sessions, therapies and the effort to break away from the chronic gloomy thoughts will definitely lead one to a better life. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1308 people found this helpful

Know About School Phobia!

Dr. Juhi Parashar 96% (4086 ratings)
Masters In Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Lucknow
Know About School Phobia!

Is your child afraid to go to school? Many young children, around the age of two, experience normal separation anxiety and may be upset and clingy when they are separated from parents. This is normal and usually goes away with comfort and time. In a few cases, this anxiety lingers much longer and may indicate a more serious concern. Some children develop a long-term fear of going to school. This condition may be called school avoidance, school refusal, or school phobia.

Signs That Your Child May Be Experiencing School Phobia

Parents may suspect that school phobia is a possibility when children:

  • Have frequent physical symptoms such as stomach ailments, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or excessive fatigue without an actual identifiable medical cause
  • Have behavior tantrums, become clingy, or show signs of anxiety when away from parents
  • Have excessive fears of being alone or irrational fears
  • Have difficulty sleeping and frequent nightmares

Addressing Your Child's School Phobia

Parents and teachers can and should take steps to address a child’s school phobia to prevent a chronic, long-term problem that can substantially affect learning and a child’s ability to develop into an independent adult. First, parents should have the child examined by her physician to determine if there are underlying, treatable medical causes for the condition. Second, parents and the child can work with the child’s school counselor, teacher, or school psychologist to help determine possible causes for the problem. Together, parents and school staff can develop an intervention plan to increase the child’s school attendance and reduce refusal behaviors.

Seeking the help of a mental health professional when school phobia does not improve with intervention or is severe. This counseling should include the whole family when possible as family dynamics can both contribute to, and be influenced by, school phobia.

5 people found this helpful

Types of Learning Disabilities!

Ms. Pallavee Walia 86% (32 ratings)
PGDRP Rehabilitation Psychology , M.A Clinical Psychology, Certificate in Guidance and Counselling (CGC)
Psychologist, Agra
Types of Learning Disabilities!

Types of learning disabilities

Learning disabilities are neurologically-based processing problems. These processing problems can interfere with learning basic skills such as reading, writing and/or math. They can also interfere with higher level skills such as organization, time planning, abstract reasoning, long or short term memory and attention. It is important to realize that learning disabilities can affect an individual’s life beyond academics and can impact relationships with family, friends and in the workplace.

Learning disabilities are neurologically-based processing problems. These processing problems can interfere with learning basic skills such as reading, writing and/or math. They can also interfere with higher level skills such as organization, time planning, abstract reasoning, long or short term memory and attention. It is important to realize that learning disabilities can affect an individual’s life beyond academics and can impact relationships with family, friends and in the workplace.

Specific learning disabilitiesauditory processing disorder (apd)

Also known as central auditory processing disorder, this is a condition that adversely affects how sound that travels unimpeded through the ear is processed or interpreted by the brain. Individuals with apd do not recognize subtle differences between sounds in words, even when the sounds are loud and clear enough to be heard. They can also find it difficult to tell where sounds are coming from, to make sense of the order of sounds, or to block out competing background noises.

Dyscalculia

A specific learning disability that affects a person’s ability to understand numbers and learn math facts. Individuals with this type of ld may also have poor comprehension of math symbols, may struggle with memorizing and organizing numbers, have difficulty telling time, or have trouble with counting.

Dysgraphia

A specific learning disability that affects a person’s handwriting ability and fine motor skills. Problems may include illegible handwriting, inconsistent spacing, poor spatial planning on paper, poor spelling, and difficulty composing writing as well as thinking and writing at the same time.

Dyslexia

A specific learning disability that affects reading and related language-based processing skills. The severity can differ in each individual but can affect reading fluency, decoding, reading comprehension, recall, writing, spelling, and sometimes speech and can exist along with other related disorders. Dyslexia is sometimes referred to as a language-based learning disability.

Language processing disorder

A specific type of auditory processing disorder (apd) in which there is difficulty attaching meaning to sound groups that form words, sentences and stories. While an apd affects the interpretation of all sounds coming into the brain, a language processing disorder (lpd) relates only to the processing of language. Lpd can affect expressive language and/or receptive language.

Non-verbal learning disabilities

A disorder which is usually characterized by a significant discrepancy between higher verbal skills and weaker motor, visual-spatial and social skills. Typically, an individual with nld (or nvld) has trouble interpreting nonverbal cues like facial expressions or body language.

Visual perceptual/visual motor deficit

A disorder that affects the understanding of information that a person sees, or the ability to draw or copy. A characteristic seen in people with learning disabilities such as dysgraphia or non-verbal ld, it can result in missing subtle differences in shapes or printed letters, losing place frequently, struggles with cutting, holding pencil too tightly, or poor eye/hand coordination.

Adhd

A disorder that includes difficulty staying focused and paying attention, difficulty controlling behavior and hyperactivity. Although adhd is not considered a learning disability, research indicates that from 30-50 percent of children with adhd also have a specific learning disability, and that the two conditions can interact to make learning extremely challenging.

Dyspraxia

A disorder that is characterized by difficulty in muscle control, which causes problems with movement and coordination, language and speech, and can affect learning. Although not a learning disability, dyspraxia often exists along with dyslexia, dyscalculia or adhd.

Executive functioning

An inefficiency in the cognitive management systems of the brain that affects a variety of neuropsychological processes such as planning, organization, strategizing, paying attention to and remembering details, and managing time and space. Although not a learning disability, different patterns of weakness in executive functioning are almost always seen in the learning profiles of individuals who have specific learning disabilities.

Memory

Three types of memory are important to learning. Working memory, short-term memory and long-term memory are used in the processing of both verbal and non-verbal information. If there are deficits in any or all of these types of memory, the ability to store and retrieve information required to carry out tasks can be impaired.
 

Borderline Personality Disorder

Ms. Pallavee Walia 86% (32 ratings)
PGDRP Rehabilitation Psychology , M.A Clinical Psychology, Certificate in Guidance and Counselling (CGC)
Psychologist, Agra
Borderline Personality Disorder

Borderline personality disorder 

Borderline personality disorder is experienced in individuals in many different ways. Often, people with this disorder will find it more difficult to distinguish reality from their own misperceptions of the world and their surrounding environment. While this may seem like a type of delusion disorder to some, it is actually related to their emotions overwhelming regular cognitive functioning.People with this disorder often see others in “black-and-white” terms. Depending upon the circumstances and situation, for instance, a therapist can be seen as being very helpful and caring toward the client. But if some sort of difficulty arises in the therapy, or in the patient’s life, the person might then begin characterizing the therapist as “bad” and not caring about the client at all. Clinicians should always be aware of this “all-or-nothing” lability most often found in individuals with this disorder and be careful not to validate it.

Therapists and doctors should learn to be like a rock when dealing with a person who has this disorder. That is, the doctor should offer his or her stability to contrast the client’s lability of emotion and thinking. Many professionals are turned off by working with people with this disorder, because it draws on many negative feelings from the clinician. These occur because of the client’s constant demands on a clinician, the constant suicidal gestures, thoughts, and behaviors, and the possibility of self-mutilating behavior. These are sometimes very difficult items for a therapist to understand and work with.Psychotherapy is nearly always the treatment of choice for this disorder; medications may be used to help stabilize mood swings. Controversy surrounds overmedicating people with this disorder.


Psychotherapy

Like with all personality disorders, psychotherapy is the treatment of choice in helping people overcome this problem. While medications can usually help some symptoms of the disorder, they cannot help the patient learn new coping skills, emotion regulation, or any of the other important changes in a person’s life.An initially-important aspect of psychotherapy is usually contracting with the person to ensure that they do not commit suicide. Suicidality should be carefully assessed and monitored throughout the entire course of treatment. If suicidal feelings are severe, medication and hospitalization should be seriously considered.

The most successful and effective psychotherapeutic approach to date has been marsha linehan’s dialectical behavior therapy (dbt). This treatment was originally developed to help chronically suicidal individuals. Dbt combines crisis intervention support with other intervention practices that are theoretically grounded in eastern meditative and acceptance-based philosophies. Research conducted on this treatment have shown it to be more effective than most other psychotherapeutic and medical approaches to helping a person to better cope with this disorder. Dbt focuses on helping the client build skills in acceptance and tolerance of intense negative emotions as a means to take better control of their lives, their emotions, and themselves. In dbt, the therapist and client are expected to build a relationship where the therapist can help the client start to bridge the gap between “emotional” and “rational” interpretations of their world.
 

13 Symptoms Of Split Personality Disorder!

Dr. Smita Srivastava 89% (19 ratings)
DNB - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Lucknow
13 Symptoms Of Split Personality Disorder!

Previously known as multiple personality disorder or simply split personality disorder, dissociative identity disorder is a very serious and unpleasant form of dissociation. It is based on the lack of connection, or rather a discontinuity in thought, action, feeling, memory or even a misplaced sense of identity. It is usually considered to be a result of severe traumatic experiences in early childhood, varying from extremely physical to repeated emotional or sexual abuse. It is thought to be a self-defense mechanism where the person dissociates himself from any such experience or situation that would deem to be harmful to his or her conscious self. It is, however, not to be confused with schizophrenia.

Symptoms

There are innumerable indicators that point towards dissociative identity disorder. Some of them include:

  1. Severe depression
  2. Sleeping problems such as insomnia or sleep apnea
  3. Alcohol or drug abuse
  4. Anxiety attacks and phobias
  5. Suicidal tendencies
  6. Abnormal rituals and compulsions
  7. Visual or auditory hallucinations
  8. Self-persecution and self-sabotage tendencies
  9. Time-loss and amnesia
  10. Mood swings
  11. Headaches and migraines
  12. Inability to remember important personal information
  13. 'Switching' of identities

Causes

The main causes of split personality disorder are unfortunately still unclear and vague, although 99% of persons who suffer from this disorder have a severe traumatic history or background. The causes need not be physical or sexual abuse. It could also stem from emotional abuse like insistent neglect. Studies have also showed that children may become dissociative, if their parents are either too strict or unpredictable. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2669 people found this helpful
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