Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Personality Disorder Tips

How And Why Mood Swings Impact Relationship?

Dr. Nisha Khanna 88% (51 ratings)
Ph. D - Psychology
Psychologist, Delhi
How And Why Mood Swings Impact Relationship?

In our daily interactions, we often meet people who have mood swings and their state may vary from a few hours to a few days. The impact of these unhealthy mood swings damages their personal as well as professional life. The person suffering from these mood swings may have depressionbipolar or borderline personality disorder. There are more than 10 million individuals diagnosed with each of these psychological issues every year in India. In this article, we are going to talk about Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) or emotional instability i.e. a pattern of abnormal behaviour characterized by unstable relationships with other people at a longer period of time.

Individuals with such instability have an unstable sense of self, may feel empty or afraid of being neglected. They might be unusually sensitive in a relationship, have trust issues with everyone, difficulty in regulating their emotions, and quite impulsive in nature. This impulsive nature mostly provides them immediate relief from their emotional pain and in extreme situations to lesser down this pain, they get involved into risk-takingdangerous behaviours like rash driving, compulsive gambling, substance abuse, binge eating, unprotected sex, accumulating debt, the threat of suicide or self-mutilation tendencies.

They most likely have a history of breakups or a sequence of a futile love relationship. Even the possibility of multiple sexual partners, not just impulsively but intentionally too. It helps them to fight the feelings of emptiness. Whenever they feel empty, lonely, or even bored, sex may generate positive feelings. While, some individuals, on the other hand, can even have a negative attitude towards sex, thus avoidance of sex for fear of experiencing an exacerbation of their symptoms is also quite common amongst them.

Individuals with this psychological illness tend to believe in an all or none phenomenon, they might feel intense joy and gratitude at perceived expressions of kindness, and intense sadness or anger at perceived criticism or hurtfulness. A slight disappointment with others can cause a shift in their feeling from admiration or love to anger or dislike. These mood disturbances can undermine relationships with family, friends and even colleagues. We all might be ignorant about such mood swings, but we have to understand that at times they could be quite abnormal and require professional help.

There are various reasons for the very occurrence of this type of emotional instability or BPD, some of them are:

  1. The most prominent cause is molestationsexual or physical abuse experienced by an individual. Research points out that an incident of sexual or physical abuse can increase the chances of developing disorder manifold.
  1. Traumas like being neglected, rejected, separated from their parents, at an early age can have a later impact too.
  1. Brain Development also plays a major role many people with BPD have something wrong with the neurotransmitters in their brain, particularly serotonin. Altered levels of serotonin have been linked to depressionaggression and difficulty controlling destructive urges.
  1. Family History where parents or sibling might be suffering from BPD can also lead to a higher risk of developing it. It can injure many areas of life.
  1. Not just inheritance but also the environment in which an individual grows up influences his thought process and his behavioural patterns. People have a hard time dealing with it and their hypersensitivity often results in a very intense and variable response by a person. The individual learns to express his emotions in an extreme way or completely inhibits them. The root cause of the problem can be traced back to childhood.
  1. Emotionally unstable individuals lack self-awareness and are not very certain about how they see themselves and their interests. In most of the cases, people suffering from it have low self-worth and self-image. Their behaviour is very intense and most of the time doesn’t fit the situation.

The psychological condition (mood swings) can last for years and may be quite long-lasting, so it would be highly recommendable to seek for professional help if you are facing such issues. Borderline Personality Disorder is usually treated with counselling (talk therapy). Although medication may reduce the symptoms, they do not cure as the therapies do. Therapy is beneficial for people at this stage as the counsellor has the appropriate training and patience to comprehend the emotional crises that the person experiences. The main intent of the counsellor is to help the person to identify the cause of these mood swings and to make the individual learn how to modify such behavioural patterns. The counsellor also further helps them to develop better communicative strategies and improve interpersonal relationships. Through counselling, the individuals learn how to cope positively in stressful situations, tolerate distress and how to start responding instead of reacting.

1 person found this helpful

Manic Behaviour - What Are The Signs?

Dr. S. Gopinath 87% (16 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chennai
Manic Behaviour - What Are The Signs?

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. A person’s mood and emotions can be altered drastically due to bipolar disorder, but they do not have more than one personality. Split personalities problem is more commonly seen in those with dissociative disorders. 

There are four basic types of bipolar disorder; all of them involve clear changes in mood, energy, and activity levels. These moods range from periods of extremely “up,” elated, and energized behavior (known as manic episodes) to very sad, “down,” or hopeless periods (known as depressive episodes). Less severe manic periods are known as hypomanic episodes.

  1. Bipolar I Disorder— defined by manic episodes that last at least 7 days, or by manic symptoms that are so severe that the person needs immediate hospital care. Usually, depressive episodes occur as well, typically lasting at least 2 weeks. Episodes of depression with mixed features (having depression and manic symptoms at the same time) are also possible.
  2. Bipolar II Disorder— defined by a pattern of depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes, but not the full-blown manic episodes described above.
  3. Cyclothymic Disorder (also called cyclothymia)— defined by numerous periods of hypomanic symptoms as well numerous periods of depressive symptoms lasting for at least 2 years (1 year in children and adolescents). However, the symptoms do not meet the diagnostic requirements for a hypomanic episode and a depressive episode.
  4. Other Specified and Unspecified Bipolar and Related Disorders— defined by bipolar disorder symptoms that do not match the three categories listed above.

The disorder has two strong phases: 1) Bipolar Mania and 2) Depression.

Mania

Mania is a state of heightened energy and euphoria - an elevation of mood. It is in direct contrast to depression. Mania can vary in severity from hypomania, where, in addition to mood and energy elevation, the person shows mild impairment of judgement and insight, to severe mania with delusions and a level of manic excitement that can be so exhausting that hospitalisation is required to control the episode.

The mood, energy and other related symptoms define both mania and hypomania, with psychotic features being an 'add on' component experienced by a sub-set of individuals. 

You have an intense sense of well-being, energy and optimism. It can be so strong that it affects your thinking and judgement. You may believe strange things about yourself, make bad decisions, and behave in embarrassing, harmful and - occasionally - dangerous ways.
 
Like depression, it can make it difficult or impossible to deal with day-to-day life. Mania can badly affect both your relationships and your work. When it isn't so extreme, it is called 'hypomania'.
 
If you become manic, you may notice that you are:

Emotional:

  • very happy and excited
  • irritated with other people who don't share your optimistic outlook
  • feeling more important than usual. 

Thinking:

  • full of new and exciting ideas
  • moving quickly from one idea to another
  • hearing voices that other people can't hear

Physical:

  • full of energy
  • unable or unwilling to sleep
  • more interested in sex.  

Behaviour:

  • making plans that are grandiose and unrealistic
  • very active, moving around very quickly
  • behaving unusually
  • talking very quickly - other people may find it hard to understand what you are talking about
  • making odd decisions on the spur of the moment, sometimes with disastrous consequences
  • recklessly spending your money
  • over-familiar or recklessly critical with other people
  • less inhibited in general.

If you are in the middle of a manic episode for the first time, you may not realise that there is anything wrong – although your friends, family or colleagues will. You may even feel annoyed if someone tries to point this out to you. You increasingly lose touch with day-to-day issues – and with other people's feelings. 

Depression- 

The feeling of depression is something we all experience from time to time. It can even help us to recognise and deal with problems in our lives. In clinical depression or bipolar disorder, the feeling of depression is much worse. It goes on for longer and makes it difficult or impossible to deal with the normal things of life. If you become depressed, you will notice some of these changes:

Emotional:

  • feelings of unhappiness that don't go away
  • feeling that you want to burst into tears for no reason
  • losing interest in things
  • being unable to enjoy things
  • feeling restless and agitated
  • losing self-confidence
  • feeling useless, inadequate and hopeless
  • feeling more irritable than usual
  • thinking of suicide.  

Thinking:

  • can’t think positively or hopefully
  • finding it hard to make even simple decisions
  • difficulty in concentrating. 

Physical:

  • losing appetite and weight
  • difficulty in getting to sleep
  • waking earlier than usual
  • feeling utterly tired
  • constipation
  • going off sex. 

Behaviour:

  • difficulty in starting or completing things – even everyday chores
  • crying a lot – or feeling like you want to cry, but not being able to
  • avoiding contact with other people.

Causes:

  1. Biological Causes: Experts say that patients with bipolar disorder often show physical changes in their brains. Nobody is sure why the changes lead to the disorder.
  2. Genetic Traits: Researchers are involved in finding out whether or not the causes of bipolar disorder arise out of genes and other hereditary factors. If you have a first-degree relative or a sibling who is/was affected by this condition, you would probably have it too.
  3. Neurotransmitters: Mood swing disorder is caused by an imbalance in brain chemicals known as ‘neurotransmitters’.

Treatment Methods:

  1. Initial Treatment: The initial treatment method is to take medications to balance and control the mood swings. After the symptoms are in control, one has to start working with his/her trusted doctor for chalking out an effective and practical long-term treatment procedure.
  2. Hospitalization: Hospitalization or immediate medical support is recommended in case of suicidal thoughts or when a person starts exhibiting erratic behavior (being psychotic).

  3. Medications: Medications include the administration of antipsychotics (such as ziprasidone, olanzapine), antidepressants (usually in combination with a mood stabilizer or an anti-psychotic), mood stabilizers (such as valproic acid, lithium, divalproex sodium) and anti-anxiety medications.

  4. Recovery from substance abuse: Problems related to excessive alcohol and drug abuse are solved by this therapy. Failing this step, this disorder can be unmanageable.

  5. Day care treatment: Day care treatment programs can be recommended by your doctor. This treatment method includes counseling and support which keep the bipolar traits under control.

Split Personality Disorder - Know Indicators Of It!

Dr. Shrikant Reddy 86% (11 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Indore
Split Personality Disorder - Know Indicators Of It!

Previously known as multiple personality disorder or simply, split personality disorder, dissociative identity disorder is a very serious and unpleasant form of dissociation. It is based on a lack of connection, or rather a discontinuity in thought, action, feeling, memory or even a misplaced sense of identity. It is usually considered to be a result of severe traumatic experiences in early childhood, varying from extremely physical to repeated emotional or sexual abuse. It is thought to be a self-defense mechanism where the person dissociates himself from any such experience or situation that would deem to be harmful to his or her conscious self. It is, however, not to be confused with schizophrenia

Symptoms

There are innumerable indicators that point towards dissociative identity disorder. Some of them include:

-Severe depression
-Sleeping problems such as insomnia or sleep apnea
-Alcohol or drug abuse
-Anxiety attacks and phobias
-Suicidal tendencies
-Abnormal rituals and compulsions
-Visual or auditory hallucinations
-Self-persecution and self-sabotage tendencies
- Time-loss and amnesia
-Mood swings
-Headaches and migraines
- Inability to remember important personal information
- 'Switching' of identities

Causes

The main causes of split personality disorder are unfortunately still unclear and vague although 99% of persons who suffer from this disorder have a severe traumatic history or background. The causes need not necessarily be physical or sexual abuse. It could also stem from emotional abuse like insistent neglect. Studies have also showed that children may become dissociative if their parents are either too strict or unpredictable.

439 people found this helpful

Adjustment Disorder - Is It Treatable?

Dr. Vasavi Sunki 84% (10 ratings)
PHD In Psychology, M.Sc In Psychology, PG Diploma In Rehabilitation Psychology
Psychologist, Hyderabad
Adjustment Disorder - Is It Treatable?

What Is Adjustment Disorder?

Adjustment disorders are considered to be a group of conditions which usually occur when a person experiences difficulty in coping with the stressful life events. These usually include relationship issues, job issues or the demise of a loved one. The incapacity to adjust to stressful events leads to psychological and sometimes physical symptoms. 

Symptoms of Adjustment Disorder

The psychological and physical symptoms linked with adjustment disorder occur either during or instantly after a stressful event. The disorder only lasts for 6 months but the symptoms might continue if the stressor has not been removed. The symptoms might vary from person to person.

The psychological symptoms are anxiety, crying, impulsive, lack of concentration, low or loss of self esteem, feeling hopeless, sad or trapped, and withdrawn attitude along with suicidal tendencies.

These physical symptoms can include trembling, twitching of the muscles, soreness, body pain, insomnia, indigestion and fatigue.

Adjustment disorder might display psychological and physical symptoms separately or together.

Types of Adjustment Disorder

There are 6 adjustment disorders and each one of them is associated with different symptoms:

1)  Adjustment disorder with depressed mood: People diagnosed with this suffer from feelings of hopelessness and sadness and are often related with crying. Also, a person might not enjoy the activities which he earlier enjoyed.

2)  Adjustment disorder with anxiety: Symptoms of this are anxiety along with being anxious, overwhelmed, and worried. People with this show less concentration and poor memory. When diagnosed in children, it is usually due to the separation anxiety from loved ones and parents.

3)  Adjustment disorder with mixed anxiety and depressed mood: In this type of anxiety , one can experience both both anxiety and depression.

4)  Adjustment disorder with disturbance of conduct: The symptoms of this disorder are more of the involvement of the behavioral issues like starting a quarrel, reckless driving, destructing property and stealing. Teens suffering from this might become absent from school.

5)  Adjustment disorder with mixed disturbance of emotions and conduct: The symptoms of anxiety, depression, and behavioral issues are observed.

6)  Adjustment disorder unspecified: The people who are diagnosed with this type of disorder usually display symptoms those are not associated with other disorders. They exhibit more of physical symptoms and problems with family and friends or at school and workplace.

Treatment of Adjustment Disorder:

If diagnosed with an adjustment disorder, a person can definitely benefit from treatment. This is usually treated with therapy or medicines or a combination of both.

-  Therapy is the first choice. A health counselor or a psychologist can give counseling and if there is a need for medication then you might be referred to a psychiatrist.

-  Medication like nonbenzodiazepine anxiolytic, SSRI or SNRI and benzodiazepines might be prescribed for reducing the symptoms of anxiety.

3426 people found this helpful

Dissociative Disorders!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 84% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Dissociative Disorders!

Treatment of Dissociative Disorders

Homeopathic Treatment of Dissociative Disorders
Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Dissociative Disorders
Psychotherapy Treatment of Dissociative Disorders
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Dissociative Disorders
Surgical Treatment of Dissociative Disorders
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Dissociative Disorders
Other Treatment of Dissociative Disorders
What is Dissociative Disorders
Symptoms of Dissociative Disorders
Causes of Dissociative Disorders
Risk factors of Dissociative Disorders
Complications of Dissociative Disorders
Lab Investigations and Diagnosis of Dissociative Disorders
Precautions & Prevention of Dissociative Disorders
Treatment of Dissociative Disorders

Homeopathic Treatment of Dissociative Disorders

Homeopathic treatment should be directed to the vital force, which hopefully oversees and sends the healing effects of the remedy to the appropriate personality in appropriate intensity. Overall energy increases as draining suffering of individual personalities is lessened. Some of the homeopathic remedies for dissociative disorders are:

Anacardium
Medorrhinum
Natrum mur
Phosphorus
Staphysagria
Thuja

Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Dissociative Disorders

Psychotherapy for dissociative disorders often involves techniques, such as hypnosis, that help you remember and work through the trauma that triggered your dissociative symptoms. Talk therapy helps you identify unhealthy, negative beliefs and behaviors and replace them with healthy, positive ones.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Dissociative Disorders

Allopathic treatment of dissociative disorders involve the prescription of  antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications or tranquilizers to help control the mental health symptoms associated with dissociative disorders.

What is Dissociative Disorders?

A dissociative disorder is the breakdown of one’s perception of his/her surroundings, memory, identity, or consciousness. A dissociative disorder impairs the normal state of awareness and limits or alters one’s sense of identity, memory or consciousness.

Symptoms of Dissociative Disorders

Memory loss of certain time periods, events and people
Depression and anxiety
Depersonalization disorder
A perception of the people and things around you as distorted and unreal
Dissociative fugue

Causes of Dissociative Disorders

There is no proven specific cause of Dissociative disorders

Risk factors of Dissociative Disorders

People who experience chronic physical, sexual or emotional abuse during childhood

Complications of Dissociative Disorders

Suicide attempts
Sexual addiction or avoidance
Difficulties in relationships and at work
Alcoholism and substance abuse
Depression and anxiety
Sleep disorders
Eating disorders
Severe headaches 

Diagnosis of Dissociative Disorders

Diagnosis of dissociative disorders is based on your symptoms and your personal history. Some tests may be performed to rule out physical conditions including head injuries, certain brain diseases, sleep deprivation and intoxication.

Precautions & Prevention of Dissociative Disorders

Seek mental health professionals who can help your child recover and adopt healthy coping skills
Join parenting classes that also may help you learn a healthier parenting style.

Dyscalculia - Are You Suffering From Any Of These Symptoms?

Dr. Vimal Kumar 93% (128 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Dyscalculia - Are You Suffering From Any Of These Symptoms?

At a young age, it is fairly common to be afraid of math. The rational nature of numbers, multiplication tables, addition, subtraction and all that in between can admittedly be a tough thing to get on with at a tender age. But in most of the cases, this difficulty tends to improve as one attains maturity. This can be attributed to a growing familiarity with the subject and a subsequent change in the way of understanding certain things. But if your child suffers from a problem with understanding math even at a grown age, chances are he/she might be suffering from Dyscalculia- a special type of learning disorder that is characterized by a person’s inability to grasp the concepts of math or the very concept of numbers itself.

Dyscalculia generally occurs due to genetic factors. However, it is also possible to encounter this disorder if your child had suffered from significant brain injury in the past or have problems with remembering things. It is also possible to have this disorder, if your child is already suffering from Dyslexia ( a learning disorder which makes your child unable to read or understand written words).

The symptoms of Dyscalculia are as follows:

  1. Inability to recognize numbers and significant trouble while counting.
  2. Significant problems while performing basic additions, subtractions or divisions.
  3. Facing problems with how to use money or telling time.
  4. The problem with memorizing mathematical formulae or tables.
  5. Your child might be unable to discern exactly how to approach a math problem.
  6. Your child will be increasingly reluctant to go to a math class or feel tensed before math examinations.
  7. Inability to understand the basic functionality of numbers.

It is extremely important to remember that having this disorder does not necessarily mean your child has a bad academic record on the whole. Since this disorder can cause significant problems in the future for your child in terms of dealing with things in the real world, you should be extremely sensitive regarding its treatment.

The treatment of Dyscalculia might include:

  1. You should encourage your child more and more if they tend to get immensely frustrated with their math problems. If possible, try to help your child with his/ her homework.
  2. Strike a healthy relationship with your child. Make him realize that not being able to grasp the concept of numbers is not the end of the world. Explore his other skills. That might boost his lost confidence and might encourage him to approach math in a more efficient manner.
  3. You should try to make your child learn how to tell time or use money with little home exercises. If possible, try to make him learn the basic of math with daily activities like counting the number of flowers while walking down the streets.
  4. You must consult a specialist who will make your child learn numbers by following different modes other than writing. For example, the specialist might read a math problem to your child in order to make him understand the problem. 
2576 people found this helpful

Top 10 Psychologist in Bangalore!

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 88% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Top 10 Psychologist in Bangalore!

Psychological disorders such as familial trouble, personality or childhood disorders, anxiety or  depression are more common than we think. If not treated timely they can result in in terminal diseases. Therefore it is important to consult the best psychologist in Bangalore. Here is list of top 10 psychologist in Bangalore:

1. Ms. Sandhya C

M.Sc - Psychotherapy

Ms. Sandhya C is a Psychologist with 4 years of experience and is one of the most trusted Psychologists in Bangalore. She is known for her treatment of anger management, adult counseling, abnormal behavior, drug de-addiction, obsessive compulsive disorder, cognitive behavioral, grief and Premarital Counseling. She is currently practicing at J P Nagar Diagnostics & Health Centre, Bangalore.

Consultation fees: ₹500

2. Ms. Geetha.G

Master Of Science In Counseling & Psychotherapy

Ms. Geetha G. has over 9 years of experience and is a reputed counselling psychologist working with Dr. Levine Memorial Hospital, Bangalore. She has a wide range of services including abnormal behaviour, adult counselling, nicotine de-addiction and anger management. 

Consultation fees: ₹750

3. Dr. Syeda Arifa Tasneem

Msc - Clinical Psychology

Dr. Syeda is a consultant psychologist and hypnotherapist from Bangalore. She is known for her seminars on stress management, psychological disorders and music therapy in the corporate sector. She is an expert in psychological and psychotherapy, stress, family therapy and anger management, child and personal development and learning disability. She is currently associated with Apollo Spectra.
 
Consultation fees: ₹2000

4. Dr. Ms. Hema Sampath

Masters In Clinical Psychology, Diploma In Counselling Skills, NLP

Dr. Hema Sampath is a counseling psychologist and runs a counseling center called regenerating lives, a new beginning. She has been practicing as a counselor for 11 years. Her areas of expertise are adult and couple psychotherapy, stress and anger management, marital and adult counselling.

Consultation fees: ₹1000

5. Dr. Lakshmi.J

MA - Psychology, M.Phil - Mental Health & Social Psychology, PhD - Psychology

Dr. Lakshmi  is a consulting Psychologist, Psychotherapist, Counsellor & Yogic scholar. She has successfully handled cases of  intensive psychological disorders using her advanced and effective therapies. She is currently practicing at Jain University, Bangalore.

Consultation fees: ₹1200

6. Dr. Renu E George

PhD - Clinical Psychology, M.Phil - Clinical Psychology

Dr. Renu E George is a popular clinical psychologist in Bangalore. She is currently affiliated with Brain To Mind: Center For Psychological Assessment & Psychotherapy in Arekere, Bangalore and has 13 years of  experience. She is a member of Indian Association of Clinical Psychologists. Her areas of counselling are psychological assessment, premarital counseling, psychotherapy, and executive functions training for children.

Consultation fees: ₹900

7. Dr. Saul Pereira

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd

Dr. Saul is practicing as a counselling psychologist at Saul Pereira Clinic, Bangalore. He has been  practicing for over 45 years now and has successfully dealt in cases related to stress, addiction of drugs and premarital counselling and parenting issues. Other areas of his  interest are abnormal behavior, psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, OCD management and anger issues. 

Consultation fees: ₹1000

8. Ms. Samiksha Jain

Diploma in Counselling Skills, Basic skills & Counselling, Couple and Family Counselling, Basic course in integrated clinical hypnosis CHI

Ms. Samiksha Jain is known for warmth, care and personal touch in her counselling . She uses some advance techniques for her therapeutic counseling. She has an experience of over 10 years and is currently practicing at Sahara Counselling Services. Before this she was associated with command hospital, sunshine autism school, Taj vivanta and parikrama center for learning. She is a member of international transactional analysis association.
 
Consultation fees: ₹1000

9. Mr. Senthilkumar L

Diploma in psychology, PVA ayurveda

Mr. Senthilkumar L is  a Certified Ayurveda therapist and a psychologist. He specializes in counselling related to Relationship counseling, Marriage/ Couple counseling, Stress Management, Pre-marriage assessment, Work Life Balance issues. He also provides ayurvedic therapies for wellness of body and mind . Other than this he is also a Career and Life coach. He practices at live to life balance.

Consultation fees: ₹500

10. Ms. Sadhana Mishra

M.Sc - Applied Psychology

Dr. Sadhana Mishra is a reputed Clinical Psychologist and Health Psychologist in Mumbai. She has experience of solving various issues using psychoanalysis like treatment of Learning Disorders, Insomnia, Memory problems. Pre-marital Counselling, and treating psychological disorders like anxiety and depression are some other areas of interest.

Consultation fees: ₹800

1 person found this helpful

Borderline Personality Disorder - Know How It Can Possibly Disrupt Your Life!

Dr. Ms. Hema Sampath 89% (49 ratings)
Masters In Clinical Psychology, Diploma In Counsiling Skills, NLP
Psychologist, Bangalore
Borderline Personality Disorder - Know How It Can Possibly Disrupt Your Life!

One of the most common personality disorders, BPD or borderline personality disorder often remains undiagnosed or repressed and gets passed off as mood swings or a volatile disposition. However this disorder is much more than just mood swings as it can seriously affect the quality of a person’s life. The primary manifestation of this disorder is in the way you think about yourself and others which result in the work that you need to do on a daily basis.

How does BPD manifest in your life?
The most common ways Borderline personality disorder can manifest in your life is with extreme mood swings or emotions, a discernable pattern in relationships becoming unstable after sometime, impulsive behavior, and a self–image which is distorted. BPD thus affects how you view yourself, how you feel about others and you resultant behavior in general. Some of the typical signs and symptoms of borderline personality disorder are mentioned below.

Persistent feelings of emptiness

  1. Anger in inappropriate or unnecessary places, losing your temper very frequently, resulting in physical fights
  2. Fearing abandonment intensely, whether it is real or imagined and thus going huge lengths to stop it from happening
  3. Extreme instability in relationships which may cause a partner to be liked one moment and then hated the next
  4. People with BPD also tend to be suicidal which is often caused by the fear of rejection or separation
  5. Engaging in risky and impulsive behaviors such as
    • Engaging in unsafe sex despite being aware of the implications
    • Splurging money on gambling
    • Leaving a good job suddenly
    • A tendency to indulge in drugs
    • Binge eating
    • Reckless driving
    • Suddenly terminating a healthy and positive relationship
  6. Sudden changes in values and self-identity and goals and feeling low about yourself as a result

Causes of Borderline personality disorder
In most cases borderline personality disorder can’t be exactly attributed to a single cause and in most cases, is a combination of factors. While genetic or hereditary predisposition can cause BPD it may also be triggered by other factors. Also, not curbing mal-traits in young children or encouraging such behaviors may lead to BPD as they grow up. Some of the factors that contribute to BPD are

  • Genetics
  • Abnormalities in the brain
  • Childhood incidents which were stressful
  • Personality traits which have worsened

If you think you have been displaying some of the symptoms for a fairly prolonged period, it is advisable that you visit a mental health professional for counseling and start with therapy as advised by them.

2769 people found this helpful

9 Types Of Treatment That Can Beat Dissociative Amnesia!

Dr. Amol Kelkar 86% (10 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Akola
9 Types Of Treatment That Can Beat Dissociative Amnesia!

Everyone forgets things once in a while, but for some people this forgetfulness can be a sign of a bigger problem. People who cannot remember important information about their life may be said to be suffering from dissociative amnesia. This can cause memory loss of specific events and themes or make the person forget a majority of their identity and history in general. This dissociative disorder can be mild or be severe enough to affect the daily functioning of a person.

Lost memories cannot be brought back with treatment but treatment can help a person suffering from this disorder reconnect with people and feel secure in their surroundings. The treatment of this condition must be customized to the person’s symptoms.

Some forms of treatment for dissociative amnesia are:

  1. PsychotherapyThis is also known as talk therapy as it largely involves conversations between the patient and doctor. It is the main form of therapy used to treat this condition and can also act as an umbrella for many other types of therapy.
  2. Cognitive behavioral therapyCognitive therapy focuses on changing the person’s behaviour. It focuses on thinking patterns and feelings that are harmful to the person self-image.
  3. Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing: Dissociative amnesia is often associated with traumatic events. In such cases eye movement desensitization and reprocessing is used to address symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorders such as nightmares and flashbacks.
  4. Dialectic behaviour therapy: People who have suffered from abuse or trauma may have severe personality disturbances which may include dissociative amnesia. In such cases, dialectic behaviour therapy may be used.
  5. Family therapyDissociative amnesia is often a recurrent condition and affects not only the life of the patient but that of his or her family as well. Hence therapy for the entire family is often necessary.
  6. Creative therapies: Cognitive therapy includes art therapy, music therapy etc. This allows patients to explore different ways of expressing their thoughts and feelings.
  7. MeditationMeditation and practising relaxation techniques make people more aware of their internal stress levels and equip them to better handle their symptoms.
  8. Clinical hypnosis: When being used to treat this disorder, hypnosis allows a person to express thoughts and emotions they may have hidden form their conscious minds. Through hypnosis the patient can achieve a different state of consciousness through relaxation techniques, concentration and attention.
  9. Medication: Dissociative amnesia cannot be treated through medication but antidepressants and anti-anxiety medication can help deal with the disorder by calming the mind.
1545 people found this helpful

Borderline Personality Disorder - 6 Symptoms Of It!

Dr. Kinshuk Karmakar 92% (129 ratings)
PGDPC, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Durgapur
Borderline Personality Disorder - 6 Symptoms Of It!

Borderline personality disorder is connected with the mental health of the patient and is usually seen in the way the patient perceives himself or herself. This has a deep impact on the brain and overall functioning of the patient. It leads to problems in the personal life and relationships of the patient. These problems are usually triggered by a fear of abandonment. Let us explore the signs and symptoms of this condition to understand it in a better manner:

  1. Discouraging Attitude: One of the earliest signs of this disorder includes having an attitude that is very discouraging. This attitude may remain limited to the patient or may extend to the people around him or her.
  2. Self-Identity: This disorder has a marked impact on the self-identity of the patient. There is usually a rapid decline in the way the patient may view himself or herself. A self-deprecating attitude will usually be seen among patients suffering from this condition, where the self-esteem hits an all-time low along with low self-confidence.
  3. Relationships: Whether it the patient's personal relationships, family, friends or work based relationships, there will be a sharp decline in the quality of interactions that the patient indulges in, due to this disorder. The interactions and dynamics of all relationships will usually take on an intense turn as the patient will have varied unfounded concerns that come from the fear of abandonment. This usually stems from some form of childhood trauma triggered by parental separation or loss.
  4. Impulsive Behavior: Patients suffering from this disorder will also display impulsive behavior that may lead to gambling, and other risky behavior. This kind of behavior can usually lead to accidents and losses as well as further lowering of the sense of self-esteem that the patient may experience. Also, abuse and binge eating are some of the symptoms of this kind of behavior.
  5. Suicidal threats: There may be threats of suicide by patients who are suffering from this disorder. This usually happens because most of these patients end up feeling lost and empty, which makes them think that their life and all its activities are completely futile. If you happen to meet someone who consistently talks about how useless he or she is and how nothing in life seems to have a purpose, then you may want to recommend this person to a psychiatrist as these are the earliest signs and symptoms of borderline personality disorder.
  6. Mood swings: The patient will also suffer from intense mood swings. These could last up to several days and even weeks. These mood swings could go from happiness to severe anxiety and even shame.
2612 people found this helpful
Icon

Book appointment with top doctors for Personality Disorder treatment

View fees, clinic timings and reviews