Peripheral Arterial Disease Health Feed

Learning In depth About Peripheral Artery Disease!

Dr.Zeeshan Hakim 89% (35ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Varanasi

Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) is a disease of blood vessels that are located outside the heart and brain. The condition develops due to fatty deposits in the arteries and veins that stops the blood flow to the heart and mind as the case may be. It narrows the artery and restricts the blood flow, which causes problems to other organs of the body such as kidney, liver, and stomach.

Symptoms of Peripheral Artery Disease-
Peripheral Artery Disease is the most common type of condition in people. Some people may not even notice the symptoms. The symptoms include:

  • Pain in the hips and lower leg area.
  • Brittle toenails.
  • Short breath while taking stairs.
  • Pain in the calf.
  • Numbness and coldness in the leg around a calf
  • Hair loss on legs and feet
  • Erectile dysfunction in men
  • Repeated sores and ulcers in legs

Causes of Peripheral Artery Disease-
The most common cause of Peripheral Artery Disease is the deposit of fatty substances inside the arteries. The fatty deposits build in the arteries gradually with a process called Atherosclerosis. Most of the time people do not know that they are facing the problem of Atherosclerosis. With time deposits increase and the arteries become narrow. It restricts the blood flow and causes problems for other organs.
Another cause for Peripheral Artery Disease is clot created in the arteries due to diabetes. Also, this problem is common in diabetic patients and increases with old age.

The risk factors that contribute to the development of Peripheral Artery Disease are high blood pressure, bad cholesterol, obesity, and diabetes.

Diagnosis of Peripheral Artery Disease-
The primary way to test and diagnose Peripheral Artery Disease is to check the blood pressure in the arm and ankles. If the pressure is low as compared to arm in the ankles, one might be facing Peripheral Artery Disease. It is commonly known as the ankle-brachial index. Other ways to determine Peripheral Artery Disease are CT scans, angiography, and blood tests. Since the disease is prevalent and gradually progress, most of the time it remains undetected.

It is essential that Peripheral Artery Disease gets detected and treated well in time. If the condition persists for a more extended period of time, it may result in loss of leg, increased chances of coronary artery disease and carotid atherosclerosis.

Treatment for Peripheral Artery Disease-
The only way to treat Peripheral Artery Disease is to indulge in physical activity. A regular regime of exercise and physical work will help a person to burn fat and makes the arteries fat free. Doctors suggest that daily 30 minutes of walking or gyming will help treat Peripheral Artery Disease with significant effects. One may notice the signs in just a couple of months.

Along with exercise, one also needs to monitor the weight and eating habits. Foods that are rich in fats and bad cholesterol should be avoided. Make changes in the lifestyle and eat a healthy balanced diet. Include fruits and fresh vegetables in the diet and follow a low carb diet for regular food intake. If a person is addicted to smoking and alcohol, then he/she should consider leaving the bad habits for their own good health.

Take Away-
Above are some of the common and tried treatments. However, it is advisable to consult a doctor before opting for any of these options as these treatments are depended upon the condition of the patients.

1579 people found this helpful

I am 26 year old female. I had sonography today. I am single unmarried. In my sonography a 5.2*3.3 cm sized exophytic mass is seen in right adnexa abutting the right ovary. Mild peripheral vascular is seen around this mass on color doppler. Is it dangerous?

Dr.Jayvirsinh Chauhan 97% (34984ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Vadodara
I am 26 year old female. I had sonography today. I am single unmarried. In my sonography a 5.2*3.3 cm sized exophytic...
Yes it can be dangerous. Take proper check up and treatment. You can consult me at lybrate for Homoeopathic treatment.
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Peripheral Aneurysm - All You Should Know!

Dr.Pravin Narkhede 91% (119ratings)
MBBS, DNB - Peripheral Vascular Surgery, DNB - General Surgery, MNAMS
Vascular Surgeon, Nashik
Peripheral Aneurysm - All You Should Know!

A peripheral arterial aneurysm occurs when there is a weakened or enlarged portion in your artery. It usually manifests in the legs or the neck. Though an aneurysm usually happens in the aorta (the largest blood vessel in the body) it can occur in any blood vessel.

What Are the Types of Peripheral Arterial Aneurysm?

When it comes to the artery of the abdomen, an aneurysm can be of three types- splenic, hepatic or celiac. A peripheral aneurysm can also develop in-

• Renal arteries of the kidneys
Carotid arteries of the neck
• Popliteal arteries behind the knees
Femoral arteries of the groin

Who are at Risk of Developing Peripheral Aneurysm?

A peripheral aneurysm can occur in both men and women. The risk goes up in people -

• Who has a family history of an aneurysm
• Who suffer from connective tissue disorder
• Who has already had an aneurysm before
• Who smoke or consume alcohol

Complications Associated With Peripheral Arterial Aneurysm Include

The complications that may arise out of peripheral arterial aneurysm are-

• Blood clots may develop in your blood vessels which disrupts the flow of blood and eventually leads to tissue death
• Blood clots may even lead to organ damage
• Aneurysms exert pressure on the surrounding tissues and may cause pain

Treatment for a Peripheral Aneurysm

The course of treatment depends on the location of an aneurysm and how badly the surrounding tissues have been affected. The following procedures are commonly adopted for a peripheral aneurysm-

Bypass surgery: it is the most popular surgery to treat a peripheral aneurysm. Because the blood flow is impacted due to a blockage in the blood vessel, the blood is rerouted around an aneurysm. After that, the aneurysm is surgically removed or tied up (to ensure that blood does not flow into an aneurysm)

• Embolization (occlusion): this is the best way to treat a splenic aneurysm of the abdomen. It is a safe and non-invasive surgery

Stent grafting: in this kind of surgery, a catheterization procedure is followed and a stent is grafted into the blood vessel and it seals up an aneurysm.

Can You Prevent a Peripheral Arterial Aneurysm?

Like all disorders, peripheral arterial disorder too can be prevented by adopting some simple measures-

• Exercise regularly and opt especially for a cardiovascular workout. Reserve 30 minutes for aerobic activity every day
• Your diet should be low fat and rich in proteins, vitamins and minerals
• Give up smoking and alcohol
• If there are people in your family who have a peripheral aneurysm, you should get checked yourself

A peripheral arterial aneurysm can take a lethal turn unless you seek treatment on time. With a healthy diet, exercise and if need be, surgery, you can lead a normal lifestyle.

3259 people found this helpful

My dad had a vein transplant into his right leg and next scan was ok. He lost a toe on that foot but has been ok otherwise. His most recent scan produced an issue, his ankle was white and he’s now got to go back to hospital. I have heard he could loose the limb or how else could it be treated. If he does loose it, it will have quite an impact on both our lives. Any comments appreciated.

Dr.Julie Mercy J David 92% (39708ratings)
Erasmus Mundus Master in Adapted Physical Activity, MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
This is a general low back ache and for this you can follow these measures: one keep a pillow right under the knee while sleeping, next is you can keep ice in the painful area for about 5--10 minutes, if pain still persists you can stretch your body by twisting the waist on both sides how we used to do in the school drill similarly you can try which will help you relax as well will reduce the pain. It looks like you are is important to check that. Anaemia always leads to the symptoms of being tired and also having back / leg pain though there may not be any pathological reasons for back pain. •standing hamstring stretch: place the heel of your injured leg on a stool about 15 inches high. Keep your knee straight. Lean forward, bending at the hips until you feel a mild stretch in the back of your thigh. Make sure you do not roll your shoulders and bend at the waist when doing this or you will stretch your lower back instead of your leg. Hold the stretch for 15 to 30 seconds. Repeat 3 times. •cat and camel: get down on your hands and knees. Let your stomach sag, allowing your to curve downward. Hold this position for 5 seconds. Then arch your back and hold for 5 seconds. Do 3 sets of 10. •quadruped arm/leg raise: get down on your hands and knees. Tighten your abdominal muscles to stiffen your spine. While keeping your abdominals tight, raise one arm and the opposite leg away from you. Hold this position for 5 seconds. Lower your arm and leg slowly and alternate sides. Do this 10 times on each side.•pelvic tilt: lie on your back with your knees bent and your feet flat on the floor. Tighten your abdominal muscles and push your lower back into the floor. Hold this position for 5 seconds, then relax. Do 3 sets of 10. •partial curl: lie on your back with your knees bent and your feet flat on the floor. Tighten your stomach muscles. Tuck your chin to your chest. With your hands stretched out in front of you, curl your upper body forward until your shoulders clear the floor. Hold this position for 3 seconds. Don't hold your breath. It helps to breathe out as you lift your shoulders up. Relax. Repeat 10 times. Build to 3 sets of 10. To challenge yourself, clasp your hands behind your head and keep your elbows out to the side. •gluteal stretch: lying on your back with both knees bent, rest the ankle of one leg over the knee of your other leg. Grasp the thigh of the bottom leg and pull that knee toward your chest. You will feel a stretch along the buttocks and possibly along the outside of your hip on the top leg. Hold this for 15 to 30 seconds. Repeat 3 times. •extension exercise: lie face down on the floor for 5 minutes. If this hurts too much, lie face down with a pillow under your stomach. This should relieve your leg or back pain. When you can lie on your stomach for 5 minutes without a pillow, then you can continue with the rest of this exercise.
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Revascularization In PAD - All You Should Know!

Dr.Pravin Narkhede 91% (119ratings)
MBBS, DNB - Peripheral Vascular Surgery, DNB - General Surgery, MNAMS
Vascular Surgeon, Nashik
Revascularization In PAD - All You Should Know!

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a disorder of your body’s circulatory system that prevents extremities like your legs from getting the required amount of blood for healthy functioning. This leads to problems such as pain in the legs when performing daily activities like walking or running.

This disease is detectable by a variety of symptoms. They are:

• Pain and discomfort, cramp-like formations in your legs, calf muscles and related body parts like the hips.
• Slower body hair growth in your leg area, or above certain spots on the legs.
• Change in the colour or smoothness of your skin in the leg area.
• A red or blue tinge in the skin of the leg area.
• Sores or wounds in the leg area.

Risk Factors: What Makes You More Vulnerable to PAD?

There are certain factors and reasons that make people more susceptible to catching PAD than the normal population. They are:

• Being above medically accepted levels of body weight for your height and age, or being clinically obese.
Smoking cigarettes.
• The onset of old age. People who are 50 years and above are highly susceptible to this condition.
• Levels of cholesterol or blood pressure that range higher than the clinically prescribed levels.
• A lineage that shows PAD in several cases in the immediate or nearly related family.

Treating PAD: Why is Revascularization Your Best Option?

The goal of PAD treatment is to check your symptoms and keep them from debilitating your life. There are several ways you can do this. These methods include:

1. Lifestyle changes: You may be advised to make some lifestyle changes by your doctor, such as Quit smoking, Get more exercise, Eat a healthy diet, Take care of your feet, Manage your other health problems, such as diabetes and high blood pressure.

2. Medical management: In some cases, lifestyle do not give the desired results. In such cases, the doctor prescribes some medicines to decrease your chance of heart attack or stroke, prevent blood clots, provide more blood flow to your legs and feet and lower your cholesterol.

3. Endovascular surgery (Angioplasty/Stenting): When lifestyle changes and medicines do not work, then the doctor may go on to condult Angioplasty to widen the blocked artery and ensure more blood flow. Your surgeon may place a stent, or small mesh tube, in there to keep it open.

4. Surgery (Bypass with vein or graft): Bypass surgery can also be performed to give blood a different path around the blocked artery.

5. Hybrid (bypass and angioplasty or stenting)

Compared to other surgical procedures, revascularization offers the following advantages:

• Local compared to general anaesthesia use, reduces recovery time and risk of mortality.
• Short-term morbidity rates are markedly lesser.
• Hybrid revascularization procedures that are up and coming hold the potential for combining the long-staying effects of surgical revascularization and the lower risks associated with endovascular procedures, providing the patient with the best effects of both methods.

These pros overweigh some of the traditional cons associated with revascularization procedures in PAD treatment, like increased and increasing costs. Therefore, it emerges as the true best control/treatment procedure.

PAD is a condition that has the potential to degrade your quality of life with the toll it takes on walking and other healthy functions of your leg. However, help is at hand – there have been procedures devised which help keep the symptoms in control. Revascularization surgery is one such exemplary method.

3270 people found this helpful

Peripheral Arterial Disease in Patients With Diabetes!

Dr.Amit Sinkar 88% (24ratings)
DNB (Cardiology), DNB (General Medicine), MBBS
Cardiologist, Pune
Peripheral Arterial Disease in Patients With Diabetes!

Peripheral arterial disease or commonly known as PAD is a common cardiovascular disease. Despite having the power to cause painful symptoms and severe health risks, it is overlooked by many. This particular arterial disease may lead to life-threatening consequences if left untreated for long. Read on to know more about the condition.

What is PAD?
PAD refers to the situation where in the peripheral arteries to the arms, head, stomach, and legs become narrow. Often referred to as the peripheral vascular disease, here, the arteries start to grow narrower due to the slow but constant buildup of fatty deposits on the artery walls. Though it can affect all the arteries in a person’s body, except those that supply blood to the heart, in the majority of cases, it affects the arteries in the leg.

What are the threats it poses?
PAD is indeed a life-threatening disease, as the blockages, it creates in the peripheral arteries prevent normal blood circulation to the different organs, legs, and brain. And when the blood flow is restricted, or the vital organs of the body fail to receive necessary blood flow, then the legs, brain and all the vital organs suffer severe damage. And when PAD continues to harm the blood flow for a long time, then it leads to tissue infection or tissue death, which is known as gangrene.

Additional health issues it causes
PAD also creates various other health concerns, such as atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a chronic disease of fatty materials’ build up. In the case of atherosclerosis, the entire blood circulatory system gets damaged, including the arteries leading to the heart. The risk of blood clot build ups and vascular inflammation are also common additional threats posed by the fatty deposits.

Smoking is a common cause for PAD. Also, leg pain initially worsens with walking then present even at rest.

Probable symptoms
Depending on the part of the body that is affected, the PAD symptoms vary from one to another. However, painful cramping in the muscles of one’s legs is the most common symptom of this condition. The pain, originating in the legs often goes up to the muscles in the thighs or hips too. Except this, weakness or numbness in the legs, ulcers or open sores on the feet or legs, skin color changing into bluish or pale are some of the other symptoms of PAD.

Possible treatments
The peripheral arterial disease can be diagnosed easily, painlessly and straightforwardly under proper medical attention. Both prescribed medications and a lifestyle change are considered to be the best treatment for controlling PAD. Including a healthy diet and adopting a healthy lifestyle have often been successful in preventing PAD in its early stage.

The moment any signs or symptoms of PAD is noticed one should not be late in seeking immediate medical attention.

2196 people found this helpful

Peripheral Vascular Diseases: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Radiodiagnosis
Radiologist, Ghaziabad
Peripheral Vascular Diseases: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a circulation issue that affects the arteries and blood vessels outside of the brain and heart. PVD commonly strikes the arteries that supply blood to the arms, legs, and organs situated beneath the stomach. These are the arteries that are located away from the heart. They are known as peripheral vessels.

In PVD, the width of the arteries get limited. Narrowing is normally created by arteriosclerosis. Arteriosclerosis is a condition where plaque develops inside a vessel. It is additionally called 'solidifying of the arteries'. Plaque acts towards reducing the amount of blood and oxygen that is supplied to the arms and legs. As the plaque development advances, clumps may develop, which may further affect the vessel.


There are two main types of PVDs:

  1. Functional PVD: This doesn't include physical issues in the arteries. It causes accidental side effects. Typically,these fits happen suddenly.
  2. Organic PVD: This includes changes in the arteries structure. This sort of PVD causes irritation, tissue harm, and blockages.

The most well-known reasons for functional PVDs are as follows:

  • Emotional stress
  • Smoking
  • Cold temperatures
  • Operating Vibrating machinery

The common causes of such natural PVDs are given below:

The symptoms include the following:


Primary diagnosis is by color doppler of the affected limb. PVD can also be diagnosed using interventional radiology (IR).

IRis a sub-claim of radiology that gives an image-guided diagnosis, and if required, includes treatment of the organs as well.It has developed as a first-line treatment in the administration of PVD.


IR medications are for the most part less demanding for patients than surgery, since they include no surgical cut.They are less painful and have shorter stays at the hospital. By and large, the patients are discharged on the same day the procedure is done. This mainly includes angioplasty and stenting. The procedure is as follows:

  • Utilising imaging for direction, the interventional radiologist puts a catheter through the femoral artery in the crotch to the blocked arteries in the legs.
  • At that point, the interventional radiologist expands a balloon to open the arteries that is blocked.
  • Sometimes it is opened with a tiny metallic cylinder called astent.
  • This is a treatment that does not require surgery; only a scratch in the skin the extent of a pencil tip.

Alternative measure:

Angioplasty and stenting have totally replaced invasive surgical methods. Early trials have proven IR to be as successful as surgery for some blood vessel and artery impairments. Earlier, extensive clinical experience demonstrated that stenting and angioplasty are favoured as first-line treatments for more procedures all through the body .

Doctors as well as patients who have been through the same, believe that IR is much better for PVD than invasive surgery, since it reduces the risk of infection.

3500 people found this helpful

My patient attacked arterial disease of 2nd finger of leg And doctor prescribed Buvalor 20 mg medicine for pain but I don't process of use this medicine please help me.

Dr.G.R. Agrawal 96% (36153ratings)
DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
Hi, Lybrate user, Give him homoeopathic medicine:@ Hypericum 200 -5 drops ,thrice. He should take help of a physiotherapist, too. Tk, care.
1 person found this helpful
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I have no blood circulation of my hand during every night while I sleeping, and it's painful. Is this serious? What kind of treatment I have to do? My age 25 I recently married.

Dr.Neeraj Srivastava 89% (69ratings)
BAMS - Alternative Medicine, Bachelor of Naturopathy & Yogic Sciences (BNYS)
Alternative Medicine Specialist, Lucknow
I have no blood circulation of my hand during every night while I sleeping, and it's painful. Is this serious?
What k...
Yaa it's may be serious. You should immediately go for any neurologist. OR you take my APPOINTMENT for proper diagnosis and better treatment.
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