Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) is a disease of blood vessels that are located outside the heart and brain. The condition develops due to fatty deposits in the arteries and veins that stops the blood flow to the heart and mind as the case may be. It narrows the artery and restricts the blood flow, which causes problems to other organs of the body such as kidney, liver, and stomach.
Symptoms of Peripheral Artery Disease-
Peripheral Artery Disease is the most common type of condition in people. Some people may not even notice the symptoms. The symptoms include:
Causes of Peripheral Artery Disease-
The most common cause of Peripheral Artery Disease is the deposit of fatty substances inside the arteries. The fatty deposits build in the arteries gradually with a process called Atherosclerosis. Most of the time people do not know that they are facing the problem of Atherosclerosis. With time deposits increase and the arteries become narrow. It restricts the blood flow and causes problems for other organs.
Another cause for Peripheral Artery Disease is clot created in the arteries due to diabetes. Also, this problem is common in diabetic patients and increases with old age.
The risk factors that contribute to the development of Peripheral Artery Disease are high blood pressure, bad cholesterol, obesity, and diabetes.
Diagnosis of Peripheral Artery Disease-
The primary way to test and diagnose Peripheral Artery Disease is to check the blood pressure in the arm and ankles. If the pressure is low as compared to arm in the ankles, one might be facing Peripheral Artery Disease. It is commonly known as the ankle-brachial index. Other ways to determine Peripheral Artery Disease are CT scans, angiography, and blood tests. Since the disease is prevalent and gradually progress, most of the time it remains undetected.
It is essential that Peripheral Artery Disease gets detected and treated well in time. If the condition persists for a more extended period of time, it may result in loss of leg, increased chances of coronary artery disease and carotid atherosclerosis.
Treatment for Peripheral Artery Disease-
The only way to treat Peripheral Artery Disease is to indulge in physical activity. A regular regime of exercise and physical work will help a person to burn fat and makes the arteries fat free. Doctors suggest that daily 30 minutes of walking or gyming will help treat Peripheral Artery Disease with significant effects. One may notice the signs in just a couple of months.
Along with exercise, one also needs to monitor the weight and eating habits. Foods that are rich in fats and bad cholesterol should be avoided. Make changes in the lifestyle and eat a healthy balanced diet. Include fruits and fresh vegetables in the diet and follow a low carb diet for regular food intake. If a person is addicted to smoking and alcohol, then he/she should consider leaving the bad habits for their own good health.
Above are some of the common and tried treatments. However, it is advisable to consult a doctor before opting for any of these options as these treatments are depended upon the condition of the patients.
A peripheral arterial aneurysm occurs when there is a weakened or enlarged portion in your artery. It usually manifests in the legs or the neck. Though an aneurysm usually happens in the aorta (the largest blood vessel in the body) it can occur in any blood vessel.
What Are the Types of Peripheral Arterial Aneurysm?
Who are at Risk of Developing Peripheral Aneurysm?
A peripheral aneurysm can occur in both men and women. The risk goes up in people -
• Who has a family history of an aneurysm
• Who suffer from connective tissue disorder
• Who has already had an aneurysm before
• Who smoke or consume alcohol
Complications Associated With Peripheral Arterial Aneurysm Include
The complications that may arise out of peripheral arterial aneurysm are-
• Blood clots may develop in your blood vessels which disrupts the flow of blood and eventually leads to tissue death
• Blood clots may even lead to organ damage
• Aneurysms exert pressure on the surrounding tissues and may cause pain
Treatment for a Peripheral Aneurysm
The course of treatment depends on the location of an aneurysm and how badly the surrounding tissues have been affected. The following procedures are commonly adopted for a peripheral aneurysm-
• Bypass surgery: it is the most popular surgery to treat a peripheral aneurysm. Because the blood flow is impacted due to a blockage in the blood vessel, the blood is rerouted around an aneurysm. After that, the aneurysm is surgically removed or tied up (to ensure that blood does not flow into an aneurysm)
• Embolization (occlusion): this is the best way to treat a splenic aneurysm of the abdomen. It is a safe and non-invasive surgery
• Stent grafting: in this kind of surgery, a catheterization procedure is followed and a stent is grafted into the blood vessel and it seals up an aneurysm.
Can You Prevent a Peripheral Arterial Aneurysm?
Like all disorders, peripheral arterial disorder too can be prevented by adopting some simple measures-
• Exercise regularly and opt especially for a cardiovascular workout. Reserve 30 minutes for aerobic activity every day
• Your diet should be low fat and rich in proteins, vitamins and minerals
• Give up smoking and alcohol
• If there are people in your family who have a peripheral aneurysm, you should get checked yourself
A peripheral arterial aneurysm can take a lethal turn unless you seek treatment on time. With a healthy diet, exercise and if need be, surgery, you can lead a normal lifestyle.
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a disorder of your body’s circulatory system that prevents extremities like your legs from getting the required amount of blood for healthy functioning. This leads to problems such as pain in the legs when performing daily activities like walking or running.
This disease is detectable by a variety of symptoms. They are:
• Pain and discomfort, cramp-like formations in your legs, calf muscles and related body parts like the hips.
• Slower body hair growth in your leg area, or above certain spots on the legs.
• Change in the colour or smoothness of your skin in the leg area.
• A red or blue tinge in the skin of the leg area.
• Sores or wounds in the leg area.
Risk Factors: What Makes You More Vulnerable to PAD?
There are certain factors and reasons that make people more susceptible to catching PAD than the normal population. They are:
• Being above medically accepted levels of body weight for your height and age, or being clinically obese.
• Smoking cigarettes.
• The onset of old age. People who are 50 years and above are highly susceptible to this condition.
• Levels of cholesterol or blood pressure that range higher than the clinically prescribed levels.
• A lineage that shows PAD in several cases in the immediate or nearly related family.
Treating PAD: Why is Revascularization Your Best Option?
The goal of PAD treatment is to check your symptoms and keep them from debilitating your life. There are several ways you can do this. These methods include:
1. Lifestyle changes: You may be advised to make some lifestyle changes by your doctor, such as Quit smoking, Get more exercise, Eat a healthy diet, Take care of your feet, Manage your other health problems, such as diabetes and high blood pressure.
2. Medical management: In some cases, lifestyle do not give the desired results. In such cases, the doctor prescribes some medicines to decrease your chance of heart attack or stroke, prevent blood clots, provide more blood flow to your legs and feet and lower your cholesterol.
3. Endovascular surgery (Angioplasty/Stenting): When lifestyle changes and medicines do not work, then the doctor may go on to condult Angioplasty to widen the blocked artery and ensure more blood flow. Your surgeon may place a stent, or small mesh tube, in there to keep it open.
5. Hybrid (bypass and angioplasty or stenting)
Compared to other surgical procedures, revascularization offers the following advantages:
• Local compared to general anaesthesia use, reduces recovery time and risk of mortality.
• Short-term morbidity rates are markedly lesser.
• Hybrid revascularization procedures that are up and coming hold the potential for combining the long-staying effects of surgical revascularization and the lower risks associated with endovascular procedures, providing the patient with the best effects of both methods.
These pros overweigh some of the traditional cons associated with revascularization procedures in PAD treatment, like increased and increasing costs. Therefore, it emerges as the true best control/treatment procedure.
PAD is a condition that has the potential to degrade your quality of life with the toll it takes on walking and other healthy functions of your leg. However, help is at hand – there have been procedures devised which help keep the symptoms in control. Revascularization surgery is one such exemplary method.
Peripheral arterial disease or commonly known as PAD is a common cardiovascular disease. Despite having the power to cause painful symptoms and severe health risks, it is overlooked by many. This particular arterial disease may lead to life-threatening consequences if left untreated for long. Read on to know more about the condition.
What is PAD?
PAD refers to the situation where in the peripheral arteries to the arms, head, stomach, and legs become narrow. Often referred to as the peripheral vascular disease, here, the arteries start to grow narrower due to the slow but constant buildup of fatty deposits on the artery walls. Though it can affect all the arteries in a person’s body, except those that supply blood to the heart, in the majority of cases, it affects the arteries in the leg.
What are the threats it poses?
PAD is indeed a life-threatening disease, as the blockages, it creates in the peripheral arteries prevent normal blood circulation to the different organs, legs, and brain. And when the blood flow is restricted, or the vital organs of the body fail to receive necessary blood flow, then the legs, brain and all the vital organs suffer severe damage. And when PAD continues to harm the blood flow for a long time, then it leads to tissue infection or tissue death, which is known as gangrene.
Additional health issues it causes
PAD also creates various other health concerns, such as atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a chronic disease of fatty materials’ build up. In the case of atherosclerosis, the entire blood circulatory system gets damaged, including the arteries leading to the heart. The risk of blood clot build ups and vascular inflammation are also common additional threats posed by the fatty deposits.
Depending on the part of the body that is affected, the PAD symptoms vary from one to another. However, painful cramping in the muscles of one’s legs is the most common symptom of this condition. The pain, originating in the legs often goes up to the muscles in the thighs or hips too. Except this, weakness or numbness in the legs, ulcers or open sores on the feet or legs, skin color changing into bluish or pale are some of the other symptoms of PAD.
The peripheral arterial disease can be diagnosed easily, painlessly and straightforwardly under proper medical attention. Both prescribed medications and a lifestyle change are considered to be the best treatment for controlling PAD. Including a healthy diet and adopting a healthy lifestyle have often been successful in preventing PAD in its early stage.
The moment any signs or symptoms of PAD is noticed one should not be late in seeking immediate medical attention.
Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a circulation issue that affects the arteries and blood vessels outside of the brain and heart. PVD commonly strikes the arteries that supply blood to the arms, legs, and organs situated beneath the stomach. These are the arteries that are located away from the heart. They are known as peripheral vessels.
In PVD, the width of the arteries get limited. Narrowing is normally created by arteriosclerosis. Arteriosclerosis is a condition where plaque develops inside a vessel. It is additionally called 'solidifying of the arteries'. Plaque acts towards reducing the amount of blood and oxygen that is supplied to the arms and legs. As the plaque development advances, clumps may develop, which may further affect the vessel.
There are two main types of PVDs:
The most well-known reasons for functional PVDs are as follows:
The common causes of such natural PVDs are given below:
The symptoms include the following:
Primary diagnosis is by color doppler of the affected limb. PVD can also be diagnosed using interventional radiology (IR).
IRis a sub-claim of radiology that gives an image-guided diagnosis, and if required, includes treatment of the organs as well.It has developed as a first-line treatment in the administration of PVD.
IR medications are for the most part less demanding for patients than surgery, since they include no surgical cut.They are less painful and have shorter stays at the hospital. By and large, the patients are discharged on the same day the procedure is done. This mainly includes angioplasty and stenting. The procedure is as follows:
Angioplasty and stenting have totally replaced invasive surgical methods. Early trials have proven IR to be as successful as surgery for some blood vessel and artery impairments. Earlier, extensive clinical experience demonstrated that stenting and angioplasty are favoured as first-line treatments for more procedures all through the body .
Doctors as well as patients who have been through the same, believe that IR is much better for PVD than invasive surgery, since it reduces the risk of infection.