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Panic Tips

घबराहट कैसे दूर करे - How To Remove Panic!

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 89% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
घबराहट कैसे दूर करे - How To Remove Panic!

घबराहट एक ऐसी समस्या है जिसपर यदि ध्यान नहीं दिया गया तो काफी मुश्किल हो सकती है. लेकिन इसके लिए कुछ सरल उपाय अपनाकर हम काफी राहत महसूस कर सकते हैं. आज व्‍यस्‍त जीवनशैली और आगे बढ़ने की होड़ के कारण लोगों में घबराहट की समस्या तेजी से बढ़ रही है. आइए जानें कि घबराहट से निपटने के तरीकों के बारे में.

घबराहट के लिए घरेलू उपचार

घबराहट एक प्रकार का मानसिक विकार है. मेडिकल भाषा में घबराहट डिस्‍ऑर्डर को स्नायुतंत्र पर अधिक दबाव पड़ना भी कहते हैं. इसके रोगियों की संख्‍या बढ़ रही है, समय पर इस समस्‍या का इलाज न होने पर यह धीरे-धीरे घबराहट में बदल जाता है. हालांकि घबराहट के दौरे को नियंत्रित करने के कई उपचार मौजूद हैं जैसे-दवाईयां, साइकोथैरेपी आदि. लेकिन दवाओं का सेवन आपके लिए एक नशे की लत की तरह हो सकता है. इसलिए आपको प्राकृतिक विकल्‍पों को चुनना चाहिए. आइए मन को शांत करने के ऐसे ही कुछ सुरक्षित और प्राकृतिक विकल्‍पों के बारे में जानते हैं.

कैमोमाइल चाय

चिकित्सा और रोगनाशक गुणों के कारण कैमोमाइल चाय का उपयोग दवा के रूप में काफी समय से किया जाता रहा है. इसके मौजूद एंटी-इफ्लेमेंटरी और शांत रहने वाले गुण घबराहट के इलाज में आपकी मदद करते हैं, साथ ही नर्वस को शांत रखने में मदद करते हैं. इसमें अलावा कैमोमाइल में मौजूद कुछ तत्‍व वैलियम जैसे मादक पदार्थों के तरह मस्तिष्‍क को रिसेप्टर्स करने के लिए बाध्य करती है. कैमोमाइल की चाय बनाने के लिए एक कप पानी में सूखे कैमोमाइल के दो चम्‍मच मिलाकर अच्‍छे से उबाल लें. फिर इसमें शहद की एक चम्‍मच मिला लें. इस गर्म चाय को दिन में तीन बार लें. यह मस्तिष्‍क को शांत रखने के साथ आपकी प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली को भी बढ़ावा देती है.

एल-थिएनाइन या ग्रीन टी

ग्रीन टी व्‍यापक रूप से एंटीऑक्‍सीडेंट गुणों और स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य लाभों के कारण जानी जाती है. एल-थिएनाइन ग्रीन टी में एक एमिनो एसिड है. शोधों से पता चला है कि एल-थिएनाइन बढ़ी हृदय गति और रक्‍तचाप पर अंकुश लगाने में मदद करता है, और कुछ मानव अध्‍ययन के अनुसार, यह घबराहट को कम करने में भी आपकी मदद करता है. एक अध्‍ययन के अनुसार, 200 मिलीग्राम एल-थिएनाइन लेने से परीक्षण के दौरान चिंता की आंशका वाले विषय में छात्रों ने बहुत ही शांत और अधिक ध्‍यान केंद्रित कर परीक्षण दिया.

ओमेगा-3 फैटी एसिड

ओमेगा-3 फैटी एसिड घबराहट के लक्षणों को कम करने और शरीर में तनाव केमिकल के स्‍तर जैसे एड्रेनालाईन और कोर्टिसोल को कम कर मूड को अच्‍छा करने में मदद करता है. फैटी फिश जैसे ट्यूना और सालमन, अखरोट और अलसी के बीज ओमेगा-3 फैटी एसिड का बहुत अच्‍छा स्रोत है. एक इजरायली अध्‍ययन के दौरान जिन छात्रों को फिश ऑयल सप्‍लीमेंट दिये गये उनके खाने और सोने की आदतों, कोर्टिसोल का स्तर, और मानसिक स्‍तर के द्वारा मापने पर घबराहट कम देखने को मिली.

जिंको बिलोबा

इस जड़ी-बूटी का इस्‍तेमाल अक्‍सर स्‍मृति विकार औी ऐसी समस्‍याओं के लिए किया जाता है जो मस्तिष्‍क में रक्‍त के प्रवाह को कम कर देती है जैसे स्‍मृति हानि, एकाग्रता की कमी और मूड में गड़बड़ी. जिंको बिलोबा दुनिया में सबसे लंबे समय तक रहने वाले प्रजातियों के पेड़ों में से एक है. यह जड़ी बूटी पूरी तरह से सुरक्षित है और सदियों से इसका इस्तेमाल किया जा रहा है. यह कम से कम 250 लाख साल पुरानी जड़ी-बूटी है.

लैवेंडर

यह लोकप्रिय जड़ी-बूटी और आवश्‍यक तेल अपने शांत प्रभाव के कारण जानी जाती है. अध्‍ययन बताते हैं कि इसकी खुशबू हृदय गति और रक्‍तचाप को कम करने में मदद करती है और यह भावनात्‍मक एंटी-इंफ्लेमेंटरी के रूप में काम करता है. एक अध्‍ययन के अनुसार, यूनानी दंत रोगियों को तब कम घबराहट महसूस होती है जब उनका प्रतीक्षालय लैवेंडर के तेल के साथ सुगंधित किया जाता है. एक और जर्मन अध्‍ययन के अनुसार, विशेष रूप से तैयार लैवेंडर गोली सामान्यकृत चिंता विकार (जीएडी) से पीड़ि‍त लोगों में चिंता के लक्षणों को प्रभावी ढंग से कम करने में मदद करती है.

कावा

दक्षिणी प्रशांत क्षेत्र में पाया जाना वाला औषधीय पौधा कावा बेचैनी से पीड़ित लोगों के लिए काफी उपयोगी साबित हो सकता है. कावा पौधे पर किए क्लीनिकल अध्ययन में यह बात सामने आई है. यह दिमाग और केंद्रीय तंत्रिका तंत्र के अन्य भागों पर काम करता है. कावा की जड़ का इस्‍तेमाल चिंता, तनाव, अवसाद, सिरदर्द, बेचैनी, अनिद्रा और भावनाओं को शांत करने के लिए किया जाता है. अध्ययनों से पता चलता है कि यह घबराहट के लिए एक आशाजनक विकल्प होता है.

नींबू बाम

इस जड़ी बूटी का इस्‍तेमाल तनाव और चिंता को कम करने और अनिद्रा को दूर करने के लिए मध्य युग के किया जा रहा है. नींबू बाम से बनी चाय आराम तंत्रिका तंत्र को उत्तेजित करती है. नींबू बाम आपको चाय, कैप्‍सूल या अन्‍य शांत जड़ी बूटियों के साथ संयुक्‍त रूप से मिल सकती है.
 

Panic Attacks: Its Causative, Signs And Symptoms

Dr. Jimmy Mody 85% (41 ratings)
Transpersonal Regression Therapy, Integrated HYpnotherapy & Clinical Hypnotherapy, BA - Economics
Psychologist, Mumbai
Panic Attacks: Its Causative, Signs And Symptoms

Panic attacks can debilitate a person greatly. The panic or anxiety attacks can be extremely powerful and intense, whereby a person starts hallucinating. The level of hallucination can vary depending on the severity of the attack. Such people often hallucinate about something bad or catastrophic striking them.  They lose self-composure. In extreme cases, they cut themselves off from the outside world and recoil into their safe zone (Agoraphobia).

Panic attacks, should, by no means, be confused with depression. These attacks can be essentially divided into three phases; the start phase, it then reaches the pinnacle or the zenith, before sliding down (fades away). The duration of a panic attack can vary from long to very long periods. The whole experience can leave a person depressed, traumatized and drained out (physically and emotionally). A timely medical assistance can prove to be extremely fruitful.

Panic attacks- its causative, signs and symptoms

 A panic attack, can, indeed, come out of the blue (unexpectedly). Extreme emotional turmoil or anxiety can trigger such an attack. An over-excited nervous system might turn out to be the wrecker in chief, throwing life in jeopardy. A person might be unprepared to deal with such a situation. Though extremely difficult, the best thing would be to try and relax. The attack is just an extreme state of mind, an abstract feeling that can never come true. It will pass off soon. Panicking will only pile onto your agony. Identifying the associated symptoms can prove to be effective. 

Some of the important symptoms associated with pain attacks include:

  • A feeling of breathlessness, suffocation and dizziness.
  • The palms appear to be sweaty.
  • A person may complain of uneasiness or chest pain
  • Increased palpitations are quite common during panic attacks.
  • A person might experience severe chills or heat flushes. 
  • Twitching and trembling of the muscles are often observed during the attacks.
  • An intense fear of death or going insane grips the person completely.
  • Hands, legs, arms begin to tingle.
  • During anxiety attacks, a person loses the reasoning ability.

Few short-term behavioural therapies can be of great help. Meditation, yoga and certain breathing practices can effectively ward off physical and mental fatigue. CBT or Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is a popular technique used to deal with panic attacks. This technique primarily emphasizes on the present conditions and factors resulting in panic and ways to minimize or completely eliminate the attacks.

Panic Attack - Can It Be Stopped?

Dr. Sanjeev Tripathi 89% (114 ratings)
Masters in Clinical Psychology, Bachelor in Psychology
Psychologist, Indore
Panic Attack - Can It Be Stopped?

A panic attack can start suddenly and may be caused due a variety of reasons. A patient of depression and anxiety usually goes through such attacks. The symptoms of these attacks include sudden and persistent fear, the feeling of losing control, the feeling of having a heart attackpalpitations problem, sweating, dizzy spells and more. It has been medically proven that most adults go through at least one or more panic attacks in their lifetime.

Here are a few ways in which one can stop a panic attack:

  1. Recognise the Signs: Take note of the symptoms. From a feeling of choking to detachment, losing control, surreal experiences, dizzy spells, nausea, pain in the abdomen and chills, to tremors, and a fear of facing death, there are many symptoms that can put your body in a fight or flight response where things may suddenly seem terrifying, and without any reason at that.
  2. Breath Control: Learn to control your breathing as soon as you begin to experience the symptoms. This will help in distraction even as it soothes and calms you down, thus forcing you to think rationally about the fear and helplessness that you are suddenly experiencing. Sit down with your knees bent and let your shoulders relax.
  3. Relaxation Techniques: Learn and practice a few relaxation techniques during times like these. This may include simple things like rubbing your neck and more focused activities like talking to yourself and meditating.
  4. Continuation: Remember to hold your breath, let it out, and then carry on with the activity that you had set out to do. If you stop what you were doing, then the message going to your brain is loud and clear and you will panic even further. But if you relax and zone out before letting yourself go about the chore, however robotically, then it will have a positive effect on the messages that are sent to your brain.
  5. Medication: In the event that you are not able to fully control and relax yourself and your thoughts, then you may want to see a psychiatrist who can prescribe specific medication that will help in relaxing you. Sedatives and antidepressants may also be prescribed for patients who are going through severe episodes of panic with debilitating symptoms.
  6. Differentiate between Stress and Panic: Many times, we may feel like we are panicking, yet this may simply be a way of going through stress. It is important to focus on recognising events and reactions as stress or panic.

Not allowing yourself run away from a situation is a sure shot way of dealing with panic as this condition the brain to be more accepting and resilient. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2821 people found this helpful

Panic Disorder - How Can It Affect You?

Dr. Gourav Gupta 93% (10 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Panic Disorder - How Can It Affect You?

Panic disorder or panic attacks are common among people. We have come across this term many times before in our lives. So this article will deal with panic attacks and more about them.

What is panic disorder?
A panic attack is a sudden intense wave of extreme fear or anxiety which comes unexpectedly without any prior warning. There may not be any definite reason for the attack. It can also arrive when you are sleeping. The panic episodes usually stop after one but some people experience continuous episodes as well. Panic attacks are very dangerous to experience and it gives you a feeling of losing control or having a heart attack. A person who experiences panic attacks more often is said to have panic disorders.



Symptoms of panic disorder:
There are many important and identifiable symptoms related to Panic attacks and disorders. Let us have a look-

  • Feeling or a sense of great danger and panic will arrive all of a sudden. The person may feel that he or she is dying.
  • Critical fear of loss in control or even a feeling of death or heart attack.
  • Individuals facing a panic attack may tremble or become shaky and will sweat a lot. It will become hard for them to walk. Palpitations are very common symptoms of these.
  • It becomes hard to breathe and you will feel a sense of choking in the neck.
  • Chest pain, severe headache, feeling of nausea will follow the panic attacks or many people can even experience them beforehand.

Causes for panic disorder:

There is no particular or an absolutely certain cause for a panic disorder. But there are some common ones which we will talk about.

  • Panic disorder can be inherited genetically from the parents. If anyone of the parents has the tendency to panic disorders, then the child may also get the disorder.
  • Major stress in someone's life can result in a panic disorder. The mind needs to be fresh and active in a peaceful state as well. So when it gets too much stressed with something, panic attacks arrive.
  • Sometimes, panic attacks can even occur when there is a medical disorder in your brain.
  • Hypoglycemia or the condition of low blood sugar can also result in a panic attack in many individuals.
  • Many people experience panic attacks because of the overuse of stimulants like drugs, caffeine etc.

Some quick tips 
Panic attacks are sudden and unexpected. But there are a few things which you can do to prevent yourself from facing such a disorder.

  • Avoid smoking & drinking
  • Educate yourself on how to deal with stress 
  • Learn to control your breath will also feel you in such situations.
  • Try to learn relaxation techniques that will help you to relax at the time of a panic attack.

If no improvement with these tips meet a psychiatrist. He can provide treatment in form of either psychotherapy (counseling) or medicines (which are safe and effective). In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2747 people found this helpful

Overburdened - 5 Things That Can Help Deal With It!

Dr. Amol Kelkar 87% (10 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Akola
Overburdened - 5 Things That Can Help Deal With It!

Sometimes when a person has too much on their plate, they are left feeling overwhelmed and stressed out. Here are a few ways in which you can manage being overwhelmed and return to a place of control, contentment and relaxation.

 

  1. Venture out: Trying to work and get your tasks done despite your confusion and feeling of helplessness will not lead you anywhere. You need to step away to have the capacity to see your conditions from a new point of view. Move to an alternate room, get up from your work area, sit on a different couch, go out for a walk or go sit at a bistro. Venturing out from the present circumstance and changing your physical surroundings will help you gain clarity, and move you far from the overwhelming perspective. This is when you can see the solution more clearly.
  2. Vent it out: When you are occupied, it is very easy to lose any feeling and sense of priority and the panic makes everything seem urgent. In reality, there will be things that may require your consideration for a brief span. Hence, the key thing is to have clarity and gain visibility on what you are managing. Attempt a "mind download", where you record everything, with the goal that you can figure out what is obstructing your brain and its functioning.
  3. Requesting help and allowing help: You would be surprised at what number of individuals will offer assistance. Usually, our limited thinking is because we become a problem for ourselves as we disallow others to help us. Sometimes we also think they will say no, thus we do not ask for help. Simply try it out. Request help, and get ready to be surprised at the generosity you might get from others.
  4. Phase out noise: When we feel overwhelmed, it feels soothing to do something to loosen up and relax, such as watching the TV, listening to music, watching the news or playing a game. What we overlook during this time is that the additional data that comes in clutters our mind that further tangles our already overwhelmed senses.
  5. Make continuous improvements: Concentrate on one area at a time. Question yourself: what kind of change would be good for you? Concentrate on little, easy-to-do portions, not an instant upgrade. Say, your employment. Experiment with ten minutes of a sustaining pace. Appreciate how that feels. At that point expand on it. Check whether your well being moves forward. Try to feel positive energy in the bargain.

Treat the sentiment of overwhelming nervousness as a companion, for it is an indicator telling us that we have to slow down. It tells us to readjust our centre of focus and prioritise something else that makes us feel positive and better. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2594 people found this helpful

Types Of Anxiety & Homeopathic Remedy For Treating It!

Dr. Babitha Jayapal 88% (28 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Bangalore
Types Of Anxiety & Homeopathic Remedy For Treating It!

The words 'stress and 'anxiety' are often used interchangeably, but bear different meanings in medical terms. Stress is caused by particular situations or events in one's life that makes one feel frustrated, angry, worried or even anxious. The stress response is different for each individual such that the same event can often elicit disparate responses. For example:

Public speaking excites some but terrifies others;

  1. Pressure from deadlines increases productivity in some but renders others paralyzed;

  2. Difficult circumstances in family or friend settings find some eager to take control and others stricken with panic;

  3. Social situations requiring people to voice their opinions are easy and comfortable for some but stressful for others;

  4. Changes in the work environment are welcomed by some but not by others.

Anxiety, on the other hand, is a general feeling of apprehension or fear, the source of which is not clearly defined. Anxiety disorders are a group of psychiatric conditions that cause excessive anxiety. They include: 

 

  1. Generalized Anxiety: Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a pattern of frequent, constant worry and anxiety over many different activities and events);

  2. Specific Phobia: A phobia is a persistent and irrational fear of a particular type of object, animal, activity, or situation that poses little to no actual danger;

  3. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is an anxiety disorder in which people have unwanted and repeated thoughts, feelings, ideas, sensations (obsessions), or behaviours that make them feel driven to do something (compulsions). Often the person carries out the behaviours to get rid of the obsessive thoughts, but this only provides temporary relief (not performing the obsessive rituals can cause great anxiety);

  4. Social Phobia: Social Phobia is a persistent and irrational fear of situations that may involve scrutiny or judgment by others, such as parties and other social events.

Those suffering from anxiety disorders display such symptoms on a regular basis and thus have difficulty with daily activities and relationships. These symptoms present themselves sporadically and often without warning.

In many cases, anxiety is developed by overdue stress that is no longer linked to a specific cause.

Homeopathic Treatment for Stress and Anxiety:

Homeopaths for the last two centuries have been constantly pushing this theory of mind and physical body being deeply interconnected and about fixing the problem at a mental level that can often help the other. In homeopathy, mental symptoms of the patient are given the utmost importance. Constitutional treatment in homeopathy combines the understanding of both the psycho and the physiological profile of the patient, with the psychological profile being given more importance.

Homeopathic Medicines for Stress:

A number of homeopathic medicines are effective in treating disorders where one who has learnt the wrong way of handling or responding to stress.

  1. Homeopathic remedies for stress - for the Classic - Type A Personality: Medicines such as Argentum Nitricum and Tarentula are very effective in controlling the accelerated behaviour of Type A people. Anxiety is very marked in such patients . Anxiety disorder is very effectively treated with homeopathy

  2. Homeopathic remedies for stress: When Anger is the Key symptom: Stress manifests through anger in some patients .Nux Vomica and Staphysgaria are meant for the easily angered and impatient ones.

  3. Homeopathic Medicines for stress: When grief is the cause: Ignatia and Natrum Mur where long-standing grief is a reason for stress response.

Homeopathic remedies for stress: for those who are 'Overworked': Kali phos is for a good individual who over-stretches himself physically and mentally. It is great homeopathic remedy for those have 'burnt out' their minds for over work. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4369 people found this helpful

Panic Disorder - Can Behavioural Treatment Help Treat It?

Dr. Ashish Kuthe 88% (89 ratings)
MD Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Nagpur
Panic Disorder - Can Behavioural Treatment Help Treat It?

A panic attack is the result of a sudden enormous burst of fear and anxiety. The heart tends to beat faster and breathing becomes difficult. A person gets a feeling of going crazy and dries up. If the treatment is not taken on time, this condition can aggravate to panic disorder and such other problems. It is totally curable if the symptoms are addressed properly. 

Symptoms of panic disorder:
Panic attacks can lead someone to panic in any place. It takes only 10 minutes to reach its peak and typically lasts for 25-20 minutes. A patient is a prime candidate of a panic disorder if he frequently suffers from the following symptoms:

  1. The discomfort of the chest
  2. Profound sweating
  3. Hyperventilation
  4. Fear of losing control of life
  5. Feeling of detachment from the surrounding
  6. A choked feeling
  7. Heart palpitation
  8. Sudden cold flashes and tingling sensation

Apart from the above symptoms, if a patient suffers from anxiety in between panic attacks in anticipation of another panic attacks, he could be suffering from panic disorders. it is often witnessed that patients suffering from panic disorder avoid certain situations and places.

What causes panic disorder?
Panic disorder results from frequent panic attacks and the cause of the latter are not very clear. It is believed that certain life transitions such as divorce, getting married, acute stress, the death of loved one can result in panic attacks. A person has higher chances of getting this disease if it runs in the family. Some medical conditions that can cause panic disorder are hyperthyroidism, use of stimulants such as cocaine, caffeine and mitral valve prolapse.

How it can be treated?
Behavioral treatment: Cognitive behavioral therapy is widely considered as one of the effective treatments for panic attacks. This form of treatment effectively focuses on thinking patterns and behavior that triggers panic attacks. It helps you to look at your apprehensions in a better light. Another method of treatment for panic disorder is called exposure therapy. This method exposes a patient sensation of panic in a controlled environment. The trick is to deal with it in a much better way. For instance, you might be asked to cross the road. When you successfully manage to do it without getting crashed, you are less likely to panic in foreseeable future.
Medication Treatment: Medication can address the problem temporarily, but is not a good solution for long term. Certain medication such as antidepressants and Benzodiazepines are prescribed by doctors with time duration of every 1-2 hours. These are anti-anxiety drugs and gives immediate relief from panic attacks. However, it should be ensured that these medicines are only consumed once a doctor prescribes it.

2865 people found this helpful

3 Things You Can Do To Control Panic Attack!

Mrs. Hiral Khimani 88% (218 ratings)
Counselling Psychologist
Psychologist, Thane
3 Things You Can Do To Control Panic Attack!

A panic attack is an intense and sudden feeling of fear that may lead the person to lose control and fear that he is dying. The intensity of the attack normally hits for around ten minutes though the symptoms may linger on after that. It normally occurs without prior signals and is typically unrelated to any of the underlying health troubles.

Ways to Control Panic Attack Symptoms

If you are experiencing signs of panic attacks, then it is imperative to undergo proper medical treatment to find out any deeper medical problem related to these symptoms. If there is no definite cause, which is required to be treated, then there are various ways of controlling the panic attacks.

  1. Proper education: If panic attacks are left untreated for a long time, then it may lead to panic disorder, which includes frequent and recurrent panic attacks within a short span. So, it is important to have proper knowledge for combating panic disorders. You will have to understand how the fear centre of the brain works in order to recognise what panic disorder is. It is imperative to understand that the signs of panic disorder have no connection with any severe illness.

  2. Calm breathing: When a person is hit with a panic disorder, it is natural to take short, shallow breaths. You will have to take control of your breath and try to create a slow stream of air within and breathe it out, which will prevent hyperventilation and an accumulation of carbon-dioxide in the blood. It is recommended to practice slow breathing in a normal state of mind, so that you have a good hold over the technique which would come in handy when a panic attack occurs. You will have to breathe in for five seconds and hold the breath for one second before you exhale it out, spanning through four seconds. Repeat the process several times until you start experiencing a soothing feel.

  3. Muscle relaxation: Then you must try to learn how to relax the body by tensing and then relaxing different muscles, which will reduce the overall anxiety and stress levels causing panic attacks. You can start working on the muscles of your feet and then slowly move on to the forehead. You will have to tighten each muscle group while taking a deep breath, hold it for a few moments and release it while breathing out.

In case you think you are suffering from a panic disorder, it is imperative to waste no time and talk to a psychologist without further delay.

Your Neck Swelling Could Be An ENT Disease!!

Dr. J. K.Gupta 87% (76 ratings)
MS ENT, MBBS
ENT Specialist, Noida
Your Neck Swelling Could Be An ENT Disease!!

An abnormal swelling in the neck can be symptom of various problems. While it can be something as non-threatening as a swollen gland due to a cold that can be cured with simple medication, a swollen neck can also turn out to be a cancerous lump in the neck. When faced with an irregular swelling in the neck, it is best to not panic or jump to conclusions until you consult with an Ear-Nose-Throat Specialist. The possible problems that a swelling in the neck can indicate are:

  1. Swelling or enlargement of the salivary glands: The salivary glands may become enlarged due to an infection or due to foreign materials getting stuck in them. While foreign objects or formation of stones in the salivary glands might require surgical removal, they can often be dissolved with medication and other non-invasive treatments. And infection in the salivary glands is often treated with antibiotics or other medication. These treatments can be prescribed and administered by ENT Specialists.
  2. Thyroid disease: The thyroid gland may swell up and cause a swelling of the neck. These are often called goiters in colloquial language and are a result of thyroid diseases such as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. They usually require a series of medication and treatment and are not considered an ENT problem despite the swelling of the neck.
  3. Benign cysts: Benign cysts can form in any part of the neck or in the glands, much like it can form in any part of the body. An ENT Specialist can prescribe a surgical removal of the cyst lest it turns cancerous later in life. It should also be removed in case it grows or relocates, going on to cause other problems.
  4. Lumps in the muscles: Lumps in the neck muscles are formed by injury or torticollis. These usually aren’t considered ENT problems and can be treated by general physicians and sometimes chiropractors.
  5. Cancerous cysts or growths: One of the most daunting problems posed by a swelling of the neck is the possibility of cancer. While thyroid cancers as well as cancerous growths in the salivary glands are slow to develop, a swelling in the neck should immediately be investigated by an ENT Specialist in order to rule out all possibilities.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2757 people found this helpful

Panic Disorder - How Can You Get It Treated?

Dr. Kalrav Mistry 86% (104 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Ahmedabad
Panic Disorder - How Can You Get It Treated?

Panic disorder is a serious condition that can strike without any reason or warning and the symptoms last for about 10 minutes, such as; a fear for imminent death or losing control, chills, numbness of toes or fingers, stomach ache or nausea, trembling, dizziness, chest pain, shortness of breath and difficulty in breathing.

Over time, a person with panic disorder develops a constant fear of having another panic attack, which can affect daily functioning and general quality of life.

Is it a heart attack or a panic attack?

Most of the symptoms of a panic attack are physical, and many times these symptoms are so severe that people think they are having a heart attack. In fact, many people suffering from panic attacks make repeated trips to the doctor or the emergency room in an attempt to get treatment for what they believe is a life-threatening medical problem. While it’s important to rule out possible medical causes of symptoms such as chest pain, heart palpitations, or difficulty breathing, it’s often panic that is overlooked as a potential cause—not the other way around.

What are the causes behind Panic Disorder?

Although the exact causes of panic attacks and panic disorder are unclear, the tendency to have panic attacks runs in families. There also appears to be a connection with major life transitions such as graduating from college and entering the workplace, getting married, and having a baby. Severe stress, such as the death of a loved one, divorce, or job loss can also trigger a panic attack.

Panic attacks can also be caused by medical conditions and other physical causes. Panic Disorder usually begins during late adolescence and early adulthood and is twice as common with women as compared to men.

How can Panic Disorder be treated?

  1. Psychotherapy- It is a type of counseling wherein trained professionals assist people by discussing strategies for comprehending and stabilizing this disorder.

  2. Cognitive Behavioral Theory- Cognitive behavioral theory aims at identifying possible triggers of panic attacks and helps one recognize and change their thought patterns and behaviors that stimulate such behavior.

  3. Medication- Anti-depressant medicines are used to cure panic disorders, such as Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRI), medications for reducing anxiety and certain cardiovascular medications such as beta-blockers to cope with situational anxiety.

Self-help Tips

When it comes to panic attacks, professional treatment and therapy can make a big difference. But there are many things you can do to help yourself, too:

  1. Learn about panic, read up on anxiety, panic disorder, and the fight-or-flight response experienced during a panic attack.  

  2. Avoid smoking and caffeine.

  3. Learn how to control your breathing.

  4. Practice relaxation techniques regularly like Yoga and meditation.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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