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Palpitations Tips

Postural Tachycardia Syndrome - What Are The Signs Of It?

Dr. S N Panda 85% (10 ratings)
Fellowship in Electrophysiology, DM - Cardiology, MD - Medicine
Cardiologist, Bhubaneswar
Postural Tachycardia Syndrome - What Are The Signs Of It?

Postural Tachycardia Syndrome or POTS, what this condition entails is a sudden and abnormal increase in the heart beat of an individual, causing them difficulty in breathing, dizziness, and even blackouts.
There are some factors that can trigger the situation and stem the sudden rise in the heart beat. Meeting with a medical expert may help bring the situation under control.

What is Postural Tachycardia Syndrome?

Postural Tachycardia Syndrome or POTS is a cardiovascular condition that is caused due to the sudden shift from an upright position to a supine position or vice versa. It is this sudden increase in heartbeat of an individual that is referred to as Tachycardia.

The longer you overlook this condition, the bigger is the trouble you are putting your health in. This is when it becomes extremely important for you to get in touch with a medical expert, who can offer you perfect consultancy, diagnose the causes and also find a result for the same.

What Causes POTS?
According to medical specialists, there are some factors that this condition stems from and it all differs from one person to the other. Some of the most common causes of the condition are-

  1. Joint Hypermobility Syndrome
  2. Faulty Gene
  3. Poisoning
  4. Amyloidosis
  5. Lupus
  6. Diabetes
  7. Sarcoidosis
  8. Siogren’s Syndrome
  9. Cancer

Signs of Postural Tachycardia Syndrome:
There are multiple signs that indicate that an individual is stricken by Postural Tachycardia Syndrome. Some of the more common signs and symptoms include:

  1. Orthostatic HypotensionOrthostatic Hypotension refers to the sudden increase in the heart beat by at least 30 beats per minute, within or after 10 minutes of rising up from a sitting or lying down position. Though the condition increases the heart rate, it does not trigger any drop or rise in blood pressure. Certain medications used to diminish this effect often extend some side effects, such as lightheadedness, palpitation, difficulty to breath, discomfort in the chest, weakness, heaviness in the chest area, nausea, cognitive difficulties and also stain on the vision.
  2. Effects in Response to Postural Change: Almost one-third of the people with Postural Tachycardia Syndrome are noticed to faint as a result of the increased heartbeat, almost 40 beats minutes, instead of the chance in postural position. Other symptoms under this head include a headache, migraine, disturbance in sleep, fatigue, acrocyanosis or blood pooling in feet, etc.
  3. Ehlers- Danlos Syndrome (EDS): Sometimes POTS is found to coexist in an individual with other conditions, such as EDS. This condition makes an individual prone to dislocation of bones, greater laxity in skin, loose- clicking joints, chronic fatigue, reduced level of tolerance towards any exercise, etc. According to medical specialists, though these are common symptoms of POTS, there might also be other signs. These signs and symptoms differ from one person to the other.

When Should You Consult a Doctor?
The moment you experience a POTS attack or for that matter notice some of the symptoms of the condition, it is time for you to consult a medical expert. The doctor will give you valued consultation, as well as diagnose the condition properly, thus finding the best treatment and suitable medication for you.

1773 people found this helpful

Fast Heart Rate - Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

Dr. Rajiv Kumar Srivastava 90% (136 ratings)
M.Ch - Cardio Thoracic Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Cardiologist, Jalandhar
Fast Heart Rate - Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

What is Tachycardia?
Tachycardia is the medical term for a fast heart rate. When a person’s heart beats more than 100 times per minute, he/she is said to be suffering from tachycardia. Atria and Ventricles (both left and right) are the four major parts of the heart. They contract and expand so that blood can be pumped out of the heart and oxygen reaches all the organs of the body. Now, this pumping occurs at a stable pace, owing to electrical impulses that activate the pumping in the first place. When an underlying medical condition or a defect in the heart disrupts these electrical impulses a person is confronted with tachycardia.

Symptoms
In many people, no symptoms are observed until and unless it is detected by a blood pressure device or a tool that checks the pulse rate. But if the heart rate is significantly high a person might feel dizzy, fatigued. He/she can also suffer from shortness of breath, palpitation as well as chest pain.

When the heart beats faster than usual the oxygen in the body gets depleted, which can result in the death of myocardial cells, leading to heart attack.

Causes
Heart diseases like coronary artery disease, heart valve disease, heart muscle disease, tumors or infection can lead to increased rate of heart beat. Apart from that, other conditions that might lead to tachycardia are: stress, hormonal disorders, especially in case one is suffering from hyperthyroidism, blood loss etc.

Treatment
Medications

  1. If there is an underlying medical defect that is causing the increased heart rate in the first place, it needs to be treated. For example, if a person is suffering from hypothyroidism then medicines are prescribed to regulate the function of the thyroid glands.
  2. If tachycardia develops as a result of weakened heart muscle then medicines are given to strengthen the heart.
  3. Beta blockers are given to check the defective electrical impulse in the heart, if that is the cause of tachycardia. Depending on the condition of the patient anti-arrhythmic medicines might also be given.
  4. People who stand at a risk of receiving a stroke as a result of this condition are prescribed warfarin.

Surgery and Implantation
Implantable cardioverter defibrillator
This procedure involves the insertion of an artificial device in the heart that controls the heart rate. It is equipped to send an electrical shock whenever it detects defective electrical impulse in the heart. In other words, it is designed to mechanically deflect the erroneous impulse.

Surgery
If medications fail to rectify the disorder, a surgery has to be performed. In this case, a section of the heart tissue is removed through operation. The scar that is left by the operation controls defective electrical impulse as a scar tissue is affirmed to be a bad conductor of electricity.

11 people found this helpful

Self-Management For Palpitation

Dr. Deepak 93% (4273 ratings)
NCCH & MCH
Homeopath, Raebareli
Self-Management For Palpitation

1. Avoid excess of tea & coffee

2. Avoid smoking & alcoholic consumption

3. Avoid mental strain & worry

4. Avoid salbutamol group of drugs.

5. Avoid sudden change in activity or hastiness.
 

All About Heart Palpitations!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 92% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
All About Heart Palpitations!

What is Heart palpitations?

Heart palpitations are the feelings of having rapid, fluttering or pounding heartbeats. Palpitations may be alarming, but in most cases they are harmless and not a sign of any problem with your heart.

Symptoms of Heart palpitations-

  • Fluttering heartbeats
  • Skipped heartbeats
  • Heartbeats that are too fast
  • Heartbeats that are pumping harder than usual

Causes of Heart palpitations-

  • Strong emotional responses, such as stress or anxiety
  • Strenuous exercise
  • Smoking, consuming large amounts of caffeine
  • using recreational drugs
  • Hormone changes associated with menstruation, pregnancy or menopause
  • Taking cold and cough medications that contain pseudoephedrine, a stimulant
  • Taking some asthma inhaler medications that contain stimulants
  • Fever

Risk factors of Heart palpitations-

Anxiety disorder

Complications of Heart palpitations-

 Diagnosis of Heart palpitations-

Diagnosis of Heart palpitations involves the following tests:

  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Holter monitoring
  • Event recording
  • Chest X-ray
  • Echocardiogram
     

Precautions & Prevention of Heart palpitations-

  • Avoid illegal drugs, such as cocaine
  • Avoid caffeine, nicotine, some cold medicines
  • Reduce stress or anxiety

Treatment of Heart palpitations

  • Homeopathic Treatment of Heart palpitations
  • Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Heart palpitations
  • Psychotherapy Treatment of Heart palpitations
  • Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Heart palpitations
  • Surgical Treatment of Heart palpitations
  • Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Heart palpitations
  • Other Treatment of Heart palpitations

Homeopathic Treatment of Heart Palpitations-

Homeopathy treats palpitations as it removes the root cause of heart palpitations. It treats the person as a whole. Treatment is constitutional. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. It balances the energy system, improves immunity and body functions. It naturally cures the root cause of disorder. Some of the homeopathic medicines for treatment of heart palpitations are:

  • Agar
  • Digitalis
  • Kalmia
  • Cact
  • Naja
  • Nat P
  • Glon
  • Sulph

Acupuncture and Acupressure Treatment of Heart Palpitations-

Acupuncture relieves by improving the physiological function of the organs and organ system. In acupuncture therapist will first diagnose the case on the basis of energy system or chi blockage as well as on the basis of status of five elements. On this basis certain disease specific acupoints are selected and stimulated.

Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Heart Palpitations-

Psychotherapy and hypnotherapy can help in stress relief. They can help in better coping and early relief.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Heart palpitations-

Allopathic medications used to treat Heart palpitations are anti-arrhythmic drugs.

Surgical Treatment of Heart palpitations-

If your heart palpitation is caused by arrhythmia, you may need to undergo surgery to have some sections of your heart removed.

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Heart palpitations-

  • Eat one Guava everyday and on an empty stomach, if your heart palpitation is caused by anemia and nervousness.
  • Before going to bed, fill a glass with water, and then add juice extracted from half a lemon and a tablespoon of honey.

 

1 person found this helpful

What Is Arrhythmia And How Can It be Treated?

Dr. Vijaysinh Patil 94% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DNB - General Medicine, DNB Cardiology, FNB Intervention Cardiology
Cardiologist, Nashik
What Is Arrhythmia And How Can It be Treated?

Arrhythmia is a disorder which is characterized by improper and irregular heartbeats; be it too slow or too fast. This problem occurs when the electrical impulses that are used to regulate your heartbeat don’t work in the correct manner. Your heart may beat irregularly, too slow or too fast.

Symptoms
Although this disorder does not yield many symptoms, a few noticeable symptoms of arrhythmia are slow heartbeat, or a racing heartbeat, chest pain, breathing difficulties and dizziness. Arrhythmia can lead to inefficient pumping by the heart, leading to bouts of fainting. A severe symptom of this disorder is ventricular fibrillation, wherein the ventricles tend to quiver instead of transporting blood. This symptom can cut off blood supply to the vital organs, which may lead to death.

Causes

  1. Coronary artery disease: In this disease, arteries of the heart can get blocked, leading to irregular heart beat and impaired heart functioning.
  2. A heart attackAn ongoing heart attack usually leads to irregular heartbeats.
  3. High blood pressureHigh blood pressure problems make you more vulnerable to this condition.
  4. Impaired functioning of the thyroid glands: An overactive or underactive thyroid gland can lead to heart arrhythmia.
  5. Excessive smoking and alcohol consumption: These habits can cause problems with the blood vessels in the body, thus increasing risks of this particular condition as well as other cardio-vascular diseases.
  6. StressToo much stress can lead to high blood pressure; that is again linked to heart arrhythmia.

Treatment
Mild symptoms of arrhythmia do not require treatment. However, complications resulting from it warrant treatment. The various treatment options for this condition are:

  1. PacemakerA pacemaker is a device that is used to regulate your heart rhythms. It is placed in the body by a surgical procedure and an insulated wire is put, connecting the heart to the pacemaker. In case of an irregular heartbeat, the pacemaker sends out impulses to correct the improper heartbeat.
  2. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator: This device is used to prevent a dangerous symptom of heart arrhythmia, a symptom wherein the ventricle quivers. It is similar to a pacemaker as it is also placed near the collarbone. In case it detects an abnormal rhythm, it sends out shocks to reset the heart rhythm.
  3. Maze procedure: This is a surgical procedure wherein incisions are made on the upper heart tissue to create a scar tissue. Scar tissues act as insulators to prevent stray impulses.
  4. Alternative therapies: Alternative procedures such as yoga and meditation can help remedy the disorder.

Top 10 Cardiologist in Delhi!

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 91% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri

Cardiac problems are very scary and what is more scary is choosing the top cardiologist in Delhi. There are so many cardiologist in Delhi and there are so many type of cardiologist depending on their area of specialization. Clinical cardiologists, adult cardiologist, paediatric cardiologist.

There are few cardiologist who specialize in procedures like electrophysiology, echocardiography, and interventional procedures such as stent placement and balloon angioplasty. Cardiologist are specialized in diagnosing any kind of disorder or dysfunctioning of heart and can perform minimally invasive surgeries like pacemaker implantation.

Here is the list of top 10 cardiologist in Delhi, who are specialized and experts at treating all kind of heart problems:

1. Dr. Anupam Goel

MBBS, MD (Gen. Medicine), DM (Cardiology)

Consultation fees: ₹1000

Dr. Anupam Goel is a senior Interventional Cardiologist. She is currently associated with Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket. She has an experience of 25 years in this field. She has done several fellowships in cardiology and is engaged in the academic training, CMEs and as principal clinical investigator at various national and international levels. Her areas of expertise are: Percutaneous Coronary Angioplasty and Stent Implantation, Primary Angioplasty in Acute Myocardial Infarction, Acute Coronary Care, Clinical Cardiology and Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty via Radial Artery Route.

2. Dr. Nitin Kumar

CCT - Cardiology (UK), MRCP (UK), FHEA (UK), MBBS

Consultation fees: ₹800

Dr Nitin Kumar is a consultant cardiologist with 16 years of national and international experience. He is currently affiliated with Express clinic, Delhi and CREDENCE Super specialty Clinic in Gurgaon. His area of specialisation are transradial interventions (angiography and angioplasty through the wrist), treating acute heart attacks by Primary Angioplasty, management of acute coronary syndromes, complex angioplasty including bifurcation lesions, Intravascular imaging including IVUS and OCT, Fractional Flow Reserve assessment (FFR study) and Rotablation.

3. Dr. Rajiv Agarwal

MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology

Consultation fees: ₹500

Dr Rajiv Agarwal is a Senior Interventional Cardiologist and currently works at Max Smart Super Speciality hospital as Senior Director and Unit Head, Department of Cardiology. He has 33 years of experience. His areas of interest are Coronary Interventions & Valvuloplasty, Electrophysiology Study, Device Implantation (including Combo device), Device closures and Peripheral Interventions and also including Bronchial and Renal Artery Embolization. He has been awarded several national and international awards for his contribution in the field of cardiology.

4. Dr. R. R. Mantri

DNB (Cardiology), DM - Cardiology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS

Consultation fees: ₹1000- 1500

Dr. RR Mantri is a very reputed name in his fraternity. He is currently working as Director Cath Lab & Cardiac Arrhythmia Services, Department of Cardiology, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi. He has experience of more than 35 years as Interventional Cardiologist, Diabetologist and Electrophysiologist. His areas of clinical interest are treating patients suffering from congenital heart diseases, cardiovascular diseases, cardiac valve diseases, hypertension, artery blockages, heart failure, high cholesterol, diabetes due to obesity. He is a pioneer in Transradial Angiography in India.

5. Dr. Anil Saxena

DNB Cardiology, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS

Consultation fees: ₹1000 

Dr. Anil is currently practicing as Director, Cardiac Pacing & Electrophysiology at Fortis Hospital, Okhla. His areas of clinical interest are Electrophysiologic Study, Catheter RF Ablation of complex arrhythmias, 3D Mapping of Cardiac Arrhythmias with CARTO and Ensite, Implantation of Permanent Pacemakers, Implantation of ICD, Implantation of Biventricular pacemakers (CRT). Implantation of CRT-D (Combo Device), Lead Extraction and Coronary Angiography. He is not only member of some reputed national and international organisations, but also recipetents of many awards. 

6. Dr. Viveka Kumar

DM - Cardiology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS

Consultation fees: ₹1000 

Dr. Viveka Kumar has 29 years of practice in the field of Cardiac interventions and Electrophysiology. In years of his practice he has done more than 7500 angioplasties and 2500 balloon valvotomy. He has also handled some complex cases of angioplasties. He is considered to be a pioneer of using advanced technologies like bifurcation and left main angioplasties with Rota Ablation. He has special interest in clinical research and has been associated with principal investigator or a sub-investigator in more than 14 national and international trials.

7. Dr. Ripen Gupta

MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Cardiology

Consultation fees: ₹1000 -1200

Dr. Gupta has 26 years of experience and is considered to be one of the most reputed cardiologists of Delhi. He was the first cardiologist to be awarded the Postdoctoral Fellowship of National Board in Interventional Cardiology instituted by National Board of Examinations. His areas of specializations are treatment of arrhythmia, coronary artery disease and dyslipidemia. He currently practices at Max super speciality, Saket and Dr Ripen Gupta's Clinic, Vasant Kunj, Delhi.

8. Dr. Rajneesh Jain

DM - Cardiology, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS

Consultation fees: ₹1500 -2000

Dr. Rajneesh Jain is amongst the most experienced and best cardiologist in Delhi. In 35 years of practice he has handled and treated some very complicated cases of adult cardiac catheterization, angiography, and acute coronary emergencies. Some of other specializations are peripheral angiograms and angioplasty, percutaneous balloon valvuloplasty of all valves, permanent pacemaker implantation. He is currently associated with Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Delhi.

9. Dr. Nishith Chandra

DM Cardiology

Consultation fees: ₹1000 -1500

Dr. Chandra, is currently working as a director interventional cardiology, at Fortis Escorts Heart Institute & Research Centre, New Delhi. In his 21 years of practice he is a famous and reputed name in the field. His areas of core interest and specialization are complex coronary interventions including Rotablation, Carotid Interventions, Balloon Valvotomies and Peripheral Vascular Interventions. One of his greatest accomplishment is setting up the Air Ambulance Unit of Escorts Heart Institute that has helped in treating more than 300 critically cases.

10. Dr. Rajiv Bajaj

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Cardiology

Consultation fees: ₹500

Dr. Rajiv Bajaj is currently associated with Batra Hospital, Delhi. He has experience of 38 years and is amongst the eminent doctors in the field of cardiology. He has performed numerous coronary angioplasties, more than 200 electrophysiology studies and 100 ablations including VT and flutter ablations in adults and pediatric population. His areas of interest are Coronary angioplasty, cardiac catheterization in permanent pacemaker implantations, electrophysiology, echocardiography.

3 people found this helpful

How Homeopathic Remedies Can Manage Palpitations?

Dr. Krishnarajsingh Thakur 91% (12 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Akola
How  Homeopathic Remedies Can Manage Palpitations?

The heart may sometimes face excessive fluttering or a throbbing sensation, which may make you feel uncomfortable. Such sudden throbbing sensations resulting in discomfort are called 'palpitations'. Homeopathy has some great remedies depending on the cause of these problems.

Let’s have a look at these:

  1. Palpitations caused by anxietyThis is one of the top causes for palpitations which occur before sitting for an exam, interview or before important events of your life. However, they may tend to stay longer and it is advisable that you control them with the use of Aconite or Arsenic Album.
  2. Palpitations caused by Physical exertion: If you have a weakened heart or if you smoke and thus tend to feel a lot of exertion even with the slightest of physical efforts, then Spigelia, Iberis and Digitalis are good medications. Digitalis is especially good for palpitations caused by the slightest of movements, while spigelia is very good with palpitations that cause arm pain as well.
  3. AnemiaAnemia or the lack of red blood cells can be very dangerous for your health as it can damage your vital organs. It can also cause palpitations along with other symptoms such as paleness, lack of strength and drowsiness. Natrum Mur and Ferrum Met are two of the most effective remedies in such cases.
  4. Use of tobacco products: Another reason for palpitations developing is the use of tobacco products, such as cigarettes or chewing tobacco. In such cases, palpitations may occur even with the slightest of exertions or at rest. Medications effective in such situations are Kalmia, Tabacum and Convallaria. These variations may be required depending on the types of symptoms you may show such as a quick heart rate or a slow heart rate.
  5. A palpitation caused by hyperthyroidismExcessive secretion of thyroid is called hyperthyroidism and can cause a host of problems within the body including palpitation. Iodum and Spongia are two excellent medications in treating variations of palpitations caused by an over active thyroid gland.
  6. Palpitations caused by acidity or gastric problems: This is possibly the most common cause for palpitations and Lycopodium as well as Abies Can are two very effective homeopathic medications, which can easily remedy the situation, depending on the type of problems you are having.
5860 people found this helpful

Heart Palpitations - Most Common Reasons Behind It!

Dr. Nitin Kumar 92% (22 ratings)
CCT - Cardiology (UK), MRCP (UK), FHEA (UK), MBBS
Cardiologist, Gurgaon
Heart Palpitations - Most Common Reasons Behind It!

Heart palpitations’ is a clustered term that denotes any fluttering, pounding or rapid sensation of the heart. The common triggers include excessive stress, medications, vigorous exercises, and very rarely, an underlying medical condition. Normally, though worrisome, heart palpitations aren’t very serious. However, in certain cases, if the palpitations are caused due to an underlying medical condition such as arrhythmia or ventricular tachycardia, you might want to get your condition reviewed as early as possible.

Common symptoms:

  • Skipping beats
  • A feeling of pounding of the heart
  • Fluttering

You could feel the above sensations even in the neck, or the throat; the chest, being the most common of them. Heart palpitations can happen irrespective of you being overly active or simply at rest, lying down or seated.

Make sure that you are consulting a doctor in any of the following cases:

  • If the palpitations are followed by pain or considerable discomfort/tightness in the chest
  • Spells of fainting
  • Mild, moderate or severe breathing troubles
  • Dizziness

The most common causes of heart palpitations include:

  • Strong response to anxiety or stress
  • Vigorous exercises
  • Over consumption of nicotine or caffeine
  • Hormonal imbalances, associated with menopause or pregnancy
  • A stimulant called pseudoephedrine, that is present in several cough and cold medications
  • Asthma medications that contain stimulants

In certain cases, conditions such as hyperthyroidism or arrhythmia could be at the bottom of one’s heart palpitations. Tachycardia (excessive fast heartbeats) and bradycardia (unusually slow heartbeats) are the most common types of arrhythmia.

Possible complications:

  1. Fainting
  2. Stroke
  3. Heart failure
  4. Cardiac arrest

Treatment
In maximum cases, heart palpitations don’t usually require medical intervention. The doctor might ask you to avoid the possible triggers which might have caused them in the very first place. In case of palpitations caused by other underlying medical conditions such as arrhythmia, the focus will be on correcting the very anomaly. Cut down on smoking and limit alcohol consumption, along with other stimulants if they have been the cause. Manage stress and make sure to not let anxiety and stress get the better of you; for this, you always have meditation and yoga at your disposal. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2781 people found this helpful

Fast Heart Rate - Know Why It Happens!

Dr. Vivek Baliga B 92% (43 ratings)
MBBS, MRCP (UK), PG Diploma In Lipid Management, MBA (Healthcare)
Cardiologist, Bangalore
Fast Heart Rate - Know Why It Happens!

Tachycardia is the medical term of a fast heart rate. When a person’s heart beats for more than 100 times per minute, he/she is said to be suffering from tachycardia. Atria and Ventricles (both left and right) are the four major parts of the heart. They contract and expand so that blood can be pumped out of the heart and oxygen reaches all the organs of the body. Now, this pumping occurs at a stable pace, owing to electrical impulses that activate the pumping in the first place. When an underlying medical condition or a defect in the heart disrupts these electrical impulses a person is confronted with tachycardia.

Symptoms
In many people, no symptoms are observed until and unless it is detected by a blood pressure device or a tool that checks the pulse rate. But if the heart rate is significantly high a person might feel dizzy, fatigued. He/she can also suffer from shortness of breath, palpitation as well as chest pain.

When the heart beats faster than usual the oxygen in the body gets depleted, which can result in the death of myocardial cells, leading to heart attack.

Causes
Heart diseases like coronary artery disease, heart valve disease, heart muscle disease, tumors or infection can lead to increased rate of heart beat. Apart from that, other conditions that might lead to tachycardia are: stress, hormonal disorders, especially in case one is suffering from hyperthyroidism, blood loss etc.

Treatment

Medications
If there is an underlying medical defect that is causing the increased heart rate in the first place, it needs to be treated. For example, if a person is suffering from hyperthyroidism then medicines are prescribed to regulate the function of the thyroid glands.

If tachycardia develops as a result of weakened heart muscle then medicines are given to strengthen the heart. Beta blockers are given to check the defective electrical impulse in the heart, if that is the cause of tachycardia. Depending on the condition of the patient anti-arrhythmic medicines might also be given. People who stand at a risk of receiving a stroke as a result of this condition are prescribed warfarin.

Surgery and Implantation

Implantable cardioverter defibrillator
This procedure involves the insertion of an artificial device in the heart that controls the heart rate. It is equipped to send an electrical shock whenever it detects defective electrical impulse in the heart. In other words, it is designed to mechanically deflect the erroneous impulse.

Surgery
If medications fail to rectify the disorder, a surgery has to be performed. In this case a section of the heart tissue is removed through operation. The scar that is left by the operation controls defective electrical impulse as a scar tissue is affirmed to be a bad conductor of electricity.  In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3085 people found this helpful

Skipping A Beat - The Surprise Of Heart Palpitations!

DM - Cardiology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Cardiologist, Patna
Skipping A Beat - The Surprise Of Heart Palpitations!

Arrhythmia is a disorder which is characterized by improper and irregular heartbeats; be it too slow or too fast. This problem occurs when the electrical impulses that are used to regulate your heartbeat don’t work in the correct manner. Your heart may beat irregularly, too slow or too fast.

Symptoms
Although this disorder does not yield many symptoms, a few noticeable symptoms of arrhythmia are slow heartbeat, or a racing heartbeat, chest pain, breathing difficulties and dizziness. Arrhythmia can lead to inefficient pumping by the heart, leading to bouts of fainting. A severe symptom of this disorder is ventricular fibrillation, wherein the ventricles tend to quiver instead of transporting blood. This symptom can cut off blood supply to the vital organs, which may lead to death.

Causes

  1. Coronary artery disease: In this disease, arteries of the heart can get blocked, leading to irregular heart beat and impaired heart functioning.
  2. A heart attackAn ongoing heart attack usually leads to irregular heartbeats.
  3. High blood pressureHigh blood pressure problems make you more vulnerable to this condition.
  4. Impaired functioning of the thyroid glands: An overactive or underactive thyroid gland can lead to heart arrhythmia.
  5. Excessive smoking and alcohol consumption: These habits can cause problems with the blood vessels in the body, thus increasing risks of this particular condition as well as other cardio-vascular diseases.
  6. StressToo much stress can lead to high blood pressure; that is again linked to heart arrhythmia.

Treatment
Mild symptoms of arrhythmia do not require treatment. However, complications resulting from it warrant treatment. The various treatment options for this condition are:

  1. PacemakerA pacemaker is a device that is used to regulate your heart rhythms. It is placed in the body by a surgical procedure and an insulated wire is put, connecting the heart to the pacemaker. In case of an irregular heartbeat, the pacemaker sends out impulses to correct the improper heartbeat.
  2. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator: This device is used to prevent a dangerous symptom of heart arrhythmia, a symptom wherein the ventricle quivers. It is similar to a pacemaker as it is also placed near the collarbone. In case it detects an abnormal rhythm, it sends out shocks to reset the heart rhythm.
  3. Maze procedure: This is a surgical procedure wherein incisions are made on the upper heart tissue to create a scar tissue. Scar tissues act as insulators to prevent stray impulses.
  4. Alternative therapies: Alternative procedures such as yoga and meditation can help remedy the disorder.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2575 people found this helpful
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