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Palm oil Benefits And Its Side Effects Tips

Cholesterol - The Actual Monster Of Fast Moving Society!

Dr. Sanjana Malik 92% (184 ratings)
BHMS Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery
Homeopath, Delhi
Cholesterol - The Actual Monster Of Fast Moving Society!
CHOLESTEROL

Cholesterol is a type of fat found in the body and is needed for vital body functions such as building new cells, producing hormones & insulation.
The liver makes all the cholesterol which is required by the body.
Cholesterol is of two types:
  1. LDL (bad)
  2. HDL (good)

LDL means a high chance of cardiac disease, while HDL means less
or decreased risk
Cholesterol increases the inflammatory disease of the arterial walls called as atherosclerosis in which there is blocking of artery due to fat deposition, which ultimately leads to heart attack.
Normal levels: 200 mg|dl
 
CAUSES:
  • Hereditary i.e. it runs in the families
  • Obesity.
  • Sedentary lifestyle (no walk no exercise)
  • Mental stress.
  • Diabetes
  • Steroids abuse
  • And other diseases of the thyroid (Hypothyroidism), kidney & liver.
SIGN & SYMPTOMS:

They are hard to find and high cholesterol is quite often detected in routine tests only
Pain in chest
Obesity
Diabetes
Impotency may be due to arteries affected by excessive blood cholesterol.
Muscle pains
An increase in the blood level of cholesterol does not have any obvious symptoms. But is a risk factor for other conditions such as angina (pain in chest), Atherosclerosis, Heart disease, Highblood pressure & Stroke
 
DO & DONT'S:

Check your diet. Not more than 30% of total calories should be from fat.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR LOW CHOLESTEROL DIETS.
1. Do not use any hydrogenated fats e.g. ghee, butter, margarine
(unless specified), vanaspati, coconut oil, and palm oil. Use instead safflower (karadi) oil, soya bean oil, sunflower oil, dietary, saffola, mazola or corn oil.
2. Avoid egg yolks and foods containing egg yolks e.g. mayonnaise, cakes, sauces, although egg white only is permitted.
3. Avoid all foods baked with fat (shortening lard etc.)e.g. cakes, pies, doughnuts etc.
4. Avoid whole milk, cream, cheese, whole milk curds and sweets made with concentrated milk e.g. gulab jamun, shrikhand, Mawa, chocolates et. Use only skimmed milk and its preparations, paneer made from skimmed milk can be used
5. All organ meats are to be avoided e.g. kidney, liver, brain,
sweetbreads etc. Fat should be trimmed of all meat before use.
Deskin chicken before cooking. Avoid pork, ham and bacon. Avoid shellfish, clams, prawns, lobsters, fish roe, and fish liver oil. Use, fish and deskinned chicken. Meat used should be lean and its use judicious. Stews and meat stock if made earlier can be chilled and the congealed fat should be scraped off and discarded.
6. Nuts all nuts are permitted except groundnut, cashew nuts which
must be avoided.
7. Decrease the use of refined foods in your diet, e.g. maida, cornflour, spaghetti, macaroni etc. Increase and include instead, high fiber foods e.g salads, greens, chapattis (made with atta), leafy vegetables etc.
8. Roast and boil foods on a rack so fat can drain off. Make use of non-stick vessels/pan and decrease consumption of fats and oils whilst cooking

INSTRUCTIONS.
1.Follow maintenance Diet-Controlled carbohydrate, controlled and modified fat, low cholesterol
Control the carbohydrate foods that you eat. Carbohydrate (sugar and starch) foods are limited. This means that sugar is not allowed, jaggery, honey and refined foods e.g. macaroni, spaghetti, bread, biscuits should be limited. Free Foods i.e. Foods Allowed.
Clear Soup Soda
Coffee Flavoring Essence
Herbs Vinegar
Mustard Spices.

Suggestions for Meals away from Home.
When you eat out daily, it is wise to select one particular restaurant some of your food requires special preparation. A regular customer is more like to receive special attention.

MEAT:
Trim off all fat. The safest choice is a chop, steak, chicken (deskinned) or fish. Request that the meat be made without fat. e.g. Tandoori Chicken, grilled kababs, tikkas.

VEGETABLES:
Most Vegetables are not limited. However, avoid those that are made in cream (malai) e.g. Vegetable Makhanwalla; cheese or whole milk. Ask that your serving of vegetables be made without fat.

SALAD:
Avoid salads with creamy dressings, mayonnaise, and cheese.
Instead, take Kachumber or mixed salads etc.

FAT:
Limit the amount according to your diet plan.

BREAD:
Limit according to your diet plan. Avoid, rolls, biscuits, muffins, take instead phulka, chapattis, bhakri etc.

BEVERAGE:
Skim Milk, Thin lassi (non-sweet) lie juice (non-sweet), fresh lime and soda, coconut water, tomato juice (not tinned, non-sweet) tea/coffee (non-sweet) these are allowed.

DESSERT:
For dessert choose a fresh fruit (not tinned) e.g fresh papaya slice, watermelon slice, plums cherries, fresh orange etc.
 
CONSULT YOUR DOCTOR:

If you see soft, yellow skin growth on yourself or your children.
If you experience symptoms due to increase in cholesterol
contact For example
Pain in chest.
Pain in legs.
Dizziness
Unsteady gait
A thick speech.
1 person found this helpful

Cholecystectomy - Best Ways To Avoid Discomfort Post It!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Hyderabad
Cholecystectomy - Best Ways To Avoid Discomfort Post It!

A cholecystectomy is the process of removing the gallbladder. This is a small pear-shaped organ, which is present just below the liver and on the upper right side of the abdomen. This surgical procedure is performed if there are any gallstones present in the gallbladder. These stones can cause pain or infection in the gallbladder.

Discomfort after a Cholecystectomy:
The gallbladder stores bile, which is produced by the liver. This liquid produced by the liver is helpful in digesting fatty food. When there is any problem with the gallbladder, it is removed and a human being is able to survive without a gallbladder. Once the gallbladder is removed, the bile produced by the liver moves directly to the small intestine. There will not be any kind of problem due to the removal of the gallbladder, but your body will take some time to get adjusted to the changes. Hence, you need to make certain changes to your diet to avoid any kind of discomfort caused after a cholecystectomy.

Tips for avoiding discomfort after a cholecystectomy:

  • Start with a liquid diet: Immediately after the surgery, you should consume just liquid food and try to avoid solid food. You should consume clear soups, gelatin and broths. You can slowly add your normal and solid food to the diet.
  • Low-Fat food should be preferred: You should make sure that you are not eating high-fat food after a cholecystectomy surgery. Food that has a strong smell, fried food, junk food or any food that can cause gas should be avoided. You should stick to low- fat food and eat small portions. You should read the labels of the food before you buy to make sure that they do not contain more than three grams of fat in a single serving.
  • Food that you need to avoid: If you are consuming the wrong food immediately after the surgery it can cause discomfort such as diarrhea or severe pain. So, avoid the following food:
    • Potato chips
    • French fries
    • Ice Cream
    • Cheese
    • Butter
    • Pizza
    • Creamy sauces
    • Creamy soups
    • Meat gravies
    • Palm oil and Coconut oil
    • Chocolates
    • Chicken
    • Any spicy food
  • Add these slowly: You need to avoid gas producing food, but you need to eat certain food for a healthy body. So, you can add these foods to your diet slowly:
  • Keep a watch: Whatever you eat and whatever you avoid, you should always keep a watch on any kind of abnormal symptoms and ask the doctor for help immediately. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
2752 people found this helpful

Dietary Management for High Cholesterol

Dr. Akanksha Tayal 91% (3502 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Delhi
DIETARY MANAGEMENT:
• Eat plenty of vegetables and fruits - 7 servings or more each day
• Eat whole grain foods rich in soluble fibre – oats, psyllium and barley
• Include 2 Omega 3 rich fish meals per week – salmon, trout, sardines
• Include 2 bean based meals per week – kidney beans, chickpeas, lentils
• Eat nuts such as almonds and walnuts – small portions 5 times a week
• Improve the quantity and quality of fats you eat. A diet rich in saturated fat increases the LDL level. Saturated fats are found in sausages, butter, meat pies, ghee or clarified butter, lard, cream, cheese, cakes, and coconut or palm oil.
• Saturated fats should be replaced by unsaturated fats, which increase the level of high-density lipoproteins (HDLs) or "good" cholesterol. HDLs carry cholesterol away from cells to the liver, where it can be broken down and processed as waste.
• Foods that are high in unsaturated fats include avocados, nuts, seeds, oily fish, sunflower oil, rapeseed oil and olive oil.

• Oils are best for added fat – use small amounts, avoid frying
• If your triglycerides are high, limit sugars and alcohol.
• Fibre is found in plant based foods. Vegetables, fruit, whole grains, nuts, seeds, beans, peas and lentils are all great fibre sources.Functional or "soluble" fibre helps to reduce cholesterol by binding with cholesterol in your stomach and bowel.
• Eat more barley, oatmeal, sunflower seeds, almonds, soy, tofu,chickpeas, black beans, kidney beans, lentils, Brussels sprouts, carrots, apples, bananas, pears, oranges, grapefruit, prunes, blackberries.
 
Note[Note]
• Be active – move your body 30 minutes each day
• If you are overweight, work to reduce your weight by 10%
4 people found this helpful

Palm oil Benefits and Side Effects in Hindi - ताड़ के तेल के फायदे और नुकसान

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 91% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Palm oil Benefits and Side Effects in Hindi - ताड़ के तेल के फायदे और नुकसान

ताड़ एक ऐसा पेड़ है जो अपने औषधीय गुणों की ज्यादा लोकप्रियता नहीं है. ये लाल या नारंगी रंग का होता है. इसकी दो किस्में हैं अमेरिकन ताड़ का तेल और अफ़्रीकी ताड़ का तेल. ताड़ के तेल में बीटा कैरोटिन का उच्च स्तर पाया जाता है. इसमें संतृप्त वसा की मात्रा काफी कम होती है. इससे एलडीएल कोलेस्ट्राल को बढ़ाने में मदद मिलती है जिससे कि ह्रदय के विकारों को रोकने में मदद मिलती है. कुछ देशों (दक्षिण अमेरिका, अफ्रीका और दक्षिण पूर्व एशिया) में इसका इस्तेमला भोजन बनाने के लिए भी किया जाता है. ट्रांस वसा की उपस्थिति के कारण लोग अब इसे अपने आहार में इस्तेमाल करने लगे हैं. खराब कोलेस्ट्राल वाले आहार के रूप में इसका इस्तेमाल किया जा सकता है. आइए ताड़ के तेल के फायदे और नुकसान पर एक नजर डालें.
1. कैंसर के उपचार में
कैंसर जैसे गंभीर बीमारियों के उपचार में ताड़ के तेल की सकारात्मक भूमिका दिखाई पड़ती है. दरअसल इसमें टेकोफेरोल नाम का एक तत्त्व पाया जाता है. असल में ये विटामिन ए का ही एक रूप है. ये प्राकृतिक एंटीऑक्सिडेंट के रूप में काम करता है. मुक्त कणों को नष्ट करने वाला ये एक शक्तिशाली रक्षात्मक यौगिक है. इससे कैंसर की कोशिकाओं के विकास में मदद मिलती है. ताड़ के तेल का नियमित सेवन आपको कैंसर के खतरे से बचा सकता है.
2. आँखों के लिए
इसमें बहुत सारे एंटीऑक्सिडेंट्स पाए जाते हैं जो कि आँखों के स्वास्थ्य के लिए बेहद आवश्यक होते हैं. ये सभी एंटीऑक्सिडेंट्स कोशिकाओं के उपापचय के लिए बेहद आवश्यक हैं. इसके अलावा एंटीऑक्सिडेंट्स मुक्त कणों को नष्ट करके भी आँखों से सम्बंधित कुछ समस्याओं का निदान करते हैं. ये धब्बेदार अधःपतन और मोतियाबिंद की समस्या को रोकने का भी काम करते हैं.
3. गर्भावस्था के दौरान
गर्भावस्था के दौरान महिलाओं के शरीर में कई तरह के परिवर्तन होने लगते हैं. उन्हें पोषक तत्वों की जबरदस्त आवश्यकता होती है. इस दौरान जच्चा-बच्चा को विटामिन की भी आवश्यकता होती है. ताड़ के तेल में वित्ममिन ए, डी, और ई पाया जाता है. ये सभी विटामिन उन दोनों के काम आती है. इसलिए गर्भावस्था के दौरान इसका इस्तेमाल करना चाहिए.
4. ऊर्जा बढ़ाने में
ताड़ के तेल में पाया जाने वाले तमाम पोषक पदार्थों में से एक बीटा कैरोटिन भी है. ताड़ के तेल का रंग लाल या नारंगी इसके कारण ही होता है. ये शरीर के ऊर्जा स्तर को सुधार करने और हार्मोनल संतुलन बढ़ाने का काम करता है.
5. दिल के लिए
ह्रदय के लिए भी इसका इस्तेमाल काफी फायदेमंद होता है. क्योंकि इसमें अच्छा कोलेस्ट्राल और खराब कोलेस्ट्राल उच्च मात्रा में पाए जाते हैं. शारीरिक स्वास्थ्य को बरकरार रखने के लिए भी ये आवश्यक होता है. कोलेस्ट्राल में संतुलन बनाकर ये ह्रदय से सम्बंधित समस्याओं को रोकता है.
ताड़ के तेल के नुकसान
* ताड़ के तेल का आधिक मात्रा में सेवन करने से ह्रदय से संबंधित समस्याओं में वृद्धि हो सकता है.
* किसी व्यक्ति में ये उच्च रक्तचाप से संबंधित समस्या भी उत्पन्न कर सकती है.
* इसे पचाने में भी बहुत मुश्किल आती है. इसलिए कमजोर पाचन वाले व्यक्ति इसके इस्तेमाल से बचें.

1 person found this helpful

Treating Thyroid Related Hair Loss With Natural Remedies!

Dr. Rohit Shah 93% (425 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) And Naturopath (ND)
Ayurveda, Surat
Treating Thyroid Related Hair Loss With Natural Remedies!

The thyroid gland situated in the neck (front of the neck) is responsible for the production of the thyroid hormones- T3, T4, and TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone). Thyroid problem surfaces when these hormones are either produced in elevated or in reduced amounts. The problem is often triggered by improper functioning of the thyroid gland. Some of the medical complications that this gives rise to include Hyperthyroidism (elevated production of thyroid hormones), Hypothyroidism (reduced production of thyroid hormones), Goitre (enlargement of the thyroid gland).

Thyroid Hair Loss
The hair loss is one of the many associated symptoms of Thyroid disorder. Thyroid problems often trigger a hormonal imbalance, not only of the thyroid hormones but the steroid hormones as well. This imbalance contributes significantly towards a lot of hair problems including, thinning of the scalp, hair fall (can be quite severe at times). In extreme cases, this may even lead to baldness. Both Hyperthyroidism, as well as Hypothyroidism, may lead to the hair loss and other related hair problems.

Natural Remedies For Thyroid-related Hair Loss
While medications may go along way to keep the thyroid problems under control, there are natural remedies available to deal with thyroid-related hair loss.

  1. Coconut oil comes with a bag full of health benefits. A rich source of saturated fats, daily consumption of coconut oil (1 tablespoon) can bring about a significant improvement in people with hypothyroidism. You can also go for a hot coconut oil massage of the scalp. Keep it for about 30 minutes and wash off with a mild shampoo. This hot oil massage will improve the circulation and stimulate the hair growth. You can also add curry leaves and fenugreek seeds to coconut oil, warm and strain the mixture and then use it for hair massage.
  2. The evening primrose oil is another oil that can work wonders to ensure a healthy hair growth. Laden with GLA or gamma-linolenic acid (omega-6 fatty acid), this oil is known to restore the hormonal balance (a factor responsible for hair loss). You can consume the oil in the capsule form as well as use it for a hair and scalp massage.
  3. Taking biotin supplements can be of great help but only when a doctor recommended.
  4. The role of Vitamins (especially Vitamin C and E) in ensuring a healthy hair growth is known to all. Enrich your diet with foods rich in Vitamin C and Vitamin E (citrus fruits, avocados, almonds, sunflower seeds, spinach, palm oil) to deal with thyroid hair loss with elan.
  5. Sea Kelp can also help to restore the normal functioning of the thyroid gland thereby reversing the hair fall. You can have it either as dried flakes or in supplement form.
  6. Ayurveda and the natural herbs can work miracles to deal with the thyroid disorder and the related hair problems. The herbs commonly used include Amla, Brahmi, Ashwagandha, Bhringaraaja, Neem, to name a few.
  7. Meditation and Yoga can play a significant role in arresting the hair problems.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

6692 people found this helpful

Palm Oil (Taad ka tel) Benefits And Side Effects In Hindi - ताड़ के तेल के फायदे और नुकसान

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 91% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Palm Oil (Taad ka tel) Benefits And Side Effects In Hindi - ताड़ के तेल के फायदे और नुकसान

ताड़ एक ऐसा पेड़ है जो अपने औषधीय गुणों की ज्यादा लोकप्रियता नहीं है. ये लाल या नारंगी रंग का होता है. इसकी दो किस्में हैं अमेरिकन ताड़ का तेल और अफ़्रीकी ताड़ का तेल. ताड़ के तेल में बीटा कैरोटिन का उच्च स्तर पाया जाता है. इसमें संतृप्त वसा की मात्रा काफी कम होती है. इससे एलडीएल कोलेस्ट्राल को बढ़ाने में मदद मिलती है जिससे कि ह्रदय के विकारों को रोकने में मदद मिलती है. कुछ देशों (दक्षिण अमेरिका, अफ्रीका और दक्षिण पूर्व एशिया) में इसका इस्तेमला भोजन बनाने के लिए भी किया जाता है. ट्रांस वसा की उपस्थिति के कारण लोग अब इसे अपने आहार में इस्तेमाल करने लगे हैं. खराब कोलेस्ट्राल वाले आहार के रूप में इसका इस्तेमाल किया जा सकता है. आइए ताड़ के तेल के फायदे और नुकसान पर एक नजर डालें.

1. कैंसर के उपचार में
कैंसर जैसे गंभीर बीमारियों के उपचार में ताड़ के तेल की सकारात्मक भूमिका दिखाई पड़ती है. दरअसल इसमें टेकोफेरोल नाम का एक तत्त्व पाया जाता है. असल में ये विटामिन ए का ही एक रूप है. ये प्राकृतिक एंटीऑक्सिडेंट के रूप में काम करता है. मुक्त कणों को नष्ट करने वाला ये एक शक्तिशाली रक्षात्मक यौगिक है. इससे कैंसर की कोशिकाओं के विकास में मदद मिलती है. ताड़ के तेल का नियमित सेवन आपको कैंसर के खतरे से बचा सकता है.
2. आँखों के लिए
इसमें बहुत सारे एंटीऑक्सिडेंट्स पाए जाते हैं जो कि आँखों के स्वास्थ्य के लिए बेहद आवश्यक होते हैं. ये सभी एंटीऑक्सिडेंट्स कोशिकाओं के उपापचय के लिए बेहद आवश्यक हैं. इसके अलावा एंटीऑक्सिडेंट्स मुक्त कणों को नष्ट करके भी आँखों से सम्बंधित कुछ समस्याओं का निदान करते हैं. ये धब्बेदार अधःपतन और मोतियाबिंद की समस्या को रोकने का भी काम करते हैं.
3. गर्भावस्था के दौरान
गर्भावस्था के दौरान महिलाओं के शरीर में कई तरह के परिवर्तन होने लगते हैं. उन्हें पोषक तत्वों की जबरदस्त आवश्यकता होती है. इस दौरान जच्चा-बच्चा को विटामिन की भी आवश्यकता होती है. ताड़ के तेल में वित्ममिन ए, डी, और ई पाया जाता है. ये सभी विटामिन उन दोनों के काम आती है. इसलिए गर्भावस्था के दौरान इसका इस्तेमाल करना चाहिए.
4. ऊर्जा बढ़ाने में
ताड़ के तेल में पाया जाने वाले तमाम पोषक पदार्थों में से एक बीटा कैरोटिन भी है. ताड़ के तेल का रंग लाल या नारंगी इसके कारण ही होता है. ये शरीर के ऊर्जा स्तर को सुधार करने और हार्मोनल संतुलन बढ़ाने का काम करता है.
5. दिल के लिए
ह्रदय के लिए भी इसका इस्तेमाल काफी फायदेमंद होता है. क्योंकि इसमें अच्छा कोलेस्ट्राल और खराब कोलेस्ट्राल उच्च मात्रा में पाए जाते हैं. शारीरिक स्वास्थ्य को बरकरार रखने के लिए भी ये आवश्यक होता है. कोलेस्ट्राल में संतुलन बनाकर ये ह्रदय से सम्बंधित समस्याओं को रोकता है.

ताड़ के तेल के नुकसान

  • ताड़ के तेल का आधिक मात्रा में सेवन करने से ह्रदय से संबंधित समस्याओं में वृद्धि हो सकता है.
  • किसी व्यक्ति में ये उच्च रक्तचाप से संबंधित समस्या भी उत्पन्न कर सकती है.
  • इसे पचाने में भी बहुत मुश्किल आती है. इसलिए कमजोर पाचन वाले व्यक्ति इसके इस्तेमाल से बचें.
     

9 people found this helpful

Healthy Diet Regime For PCOS & Infertility!

Dr. Vandana Jain 93% (62 ratings)
MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Ghaziabad
Healthy Diet Regime For PCOS & Infertility!

PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome), a medical condition that mainly affects women of reproductive age makes it difficult for them to conceive. In PCOS, there is an elevated production of androgen (especially testosterone) by the ovary. This hormonal imbalance often interferes with the ovulation process (the eggs either don't mature or are not released from the ovary) triggering infertility in the affected woman. While lifestyle changes and timely medical assistance can bring about improvement, switching to a healthy diet is often known to produce fruitful results. In this article, we will discuss the healthy dietary options to deal with PCOS and infertility.

Healthy Diet for PCOS and Infertility

There can be a host of factors that trigger the hormonal imbalance, one being your choice of foods.

Low Glycemic Foods: Foods that come with a high glycemic Index (a glycemic index is a number that determines how rapidly the carbohydrates in our foods are broken down triggering a rise in the blood sugar level) of 70 or more can be extremely harmful. The higher the glycemic index, more will be the blood sugar and level of insulin in the body. The elevated insulin level can wreak havoc, disrupting the hormonal balance to a great extent. Thus, women with PCOS and fertility problems should consume foods that come with a low glycemic index (55 or less). Some of the healthy low glycemic foods include apples, cherries, plums, dried apricots, oranges, grapefruits, pear, almonds, yogurt (low-fat), non-starchy vegetables, whole grains, sesame seeds, flax seeds, pumpkin seeds, oats, brown rice, and quinoa, to name a few.


Maintaining a healthy body weight can go a long way to improve the symptoms and complications associated with PCOS. Overeating should be strictly avoided. Instead, opt for smaller meals at regular time intervals. Include high-fiber foods (broccoli, cauliflower) in the diet. Foods rich in minerals (potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc, selenium) and vitamins (Vitamin B, C, E, and K), folic acid, can work wonders to alleviate the symptoms of PCOS. Enrich your diet with green leafy vegetables and foods that are rich in antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids.

While consuming carbohydrates, make sure your diet also contains protein. Carbohydrates, when taken along with proteins, can avert a sudden rise in the blood sugar level.

Foods to avoid

 

  • In women with PCOS, the testosterone level is relatively higher. Drinking milk will only elevate the testosterone level further with deleterious consequences and is best left avoided.
  • Foods that are rich in saturated and Trans fats (BAD FATS) such as meat, processed foods, margarine, doughnuts, dairy products (cream, cheese, butter), cooking oil (coconut oil, palm oil), aerated drinks and beverages, can aggravate the condition of PCOS and should be avoided.
  • Soy milk is another unhealthy dietary option for women suffering from PCOS and infertility. Soy milk is known to cause a delay in the ovulation affecting the fertility.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3795 people found this helpful

Reduce the Risk

Dt. Sakshi Kohli 89% (15 ratings)
BSc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Reduce the Risk

Reduce the Risk:

Diabetics can take a few measured steps which can reduce the risk of suffering a stroke.

  1. Control extra weight. High abdominal fat leads to an increased production of bad cholesterol, which saturates the blood vessels. This blood gets deposited on the inside of the blood vessels; thus leading to an increased risk of forming blood clots in the body. On the other hand, HDL (good) cholesterol works to remove deposits from your blood vessels. So, maintaining good cholesterol is important to reduce your risk of a stroke.
  2. Follow a heart-friendly diet at home. Some simple steps at home can help you achieve this goal. Make an attempt to control your bad cholesterol with a high intake of fibre-rich foods. There are many daily consumption food items which are a rich source of fibre. Oats, whole-grain breads, including your whole-grain flours and cereals, peas, fruits, and vegetables will increase your routine dose of fibre. Take small steps to gradually increase the amount of fibre in your digestive system.
  3. Quit smoking. Smoking can prove hazardous for people with diabetes. It leads to further clogging of arteries by narrowing down the blood vessel. Consult a doctor to help you quit smoking if you are a chain smoker.
  4. Stay fit, healthy, and hearty. Exercise regularly to pump more blood. The ideal LDL level is less than 100 mg/dl.
  5. Drink responsibly. Limit the amount of alcoholone drink per day for women and two drinks a day for men. Continuously monitor your blood pressure, and take the doctor’s advice to keep it under control if it’s high.
  6. Say no to saturated fats. They raise your cholesterol level. Saturated fats are most commonly found in meats, butter, fatty dairy products, food cooked in coconut or palm oil. Consult a dietician to monitor your daily intake of saturated fat. Also, don’t binge on fast food as they are high in saturated and trans-fats. Also, restrict your appetite of cookies, snack foods, fried foods, baked goods and popcorn, as they are a source of increasing cholesterol level in the body.
  7. Regularly consult your doctor. You need to stay in touch with your doctor regularly to monitor your diet and other lifestyle aspects too. Insulin and other diabetes medications and pre-medications for a diabetic and are important to control your blood sugar levels. However, the effectiveness of these medicines hugely depends on the timing and size of the dose. A regular medical checkup is recommended to avoid any abnormality. Also, other medicines you take to treat conditions other than diabetes may affect your blood sugar level.
3 people found this helpful

Tips To Lower Cholesterol Naturally

Dt. Neha Suryawanshi 97% (15574 ratings)
M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Tips To Lower Cholesterol Naturally

1. Limit your intake of foods full of saturated fats, trans fats, and dietary cholesterol.

Foods with a lot of saturated fat include butter, fatty flesh like red meat, full-fat and low-fat dairy products, palm oil, and coconut oil. If you see partially hydrogenated fat in the ingredient list of a food label, that food has trans fats. Top sources of dietary cholesterol include egg yolks, organ meats, and shellfish.

One type of fat – omega-3 fatty acids – has been shown to protect against heart disease. Good sources are cold-water fish like salmon, mackerel, halibut, trout, herring, and sardines.

To help you translate the above guidelines into daily food planning, here are key guidelines:

Select nonfat dairy foods only, 2 servings daily.

Limit your intake of meat, poultry, and fish to no more than 3.5 to 4 ounces per day. From the choices below, which are listed from best to poor, try to select almost always from the top.

Best choice: omega-3-rich fish, such as salmon, sardines, herring, mackerel, and trout. Choose at least 2 times weekly. If you’re using canned fish, such as canned sardines, select very-low-sodium or no-salt-added varieties.

Good choice: most other fish, plus shelled mollusks (clams, oysters, mussels, scallops).

Satisfactory choices: crustaceans (shrimp, crab, lobster, crawfish), poultry (white meat, skinless) game meat (bison, venison, elk, ostrich), optimally free-range and grass-fed

Poor choice: red meat (beef, pork, lamb, veal, goat). For all red meat choices, select cuts that are under 30% fat.

Red meats are the least desirable choice because they not only tend to have the highest proportion of saturated fats, they are also higher in heme iron, which likely raises the risk of type 2 diabetes and colo-rectal cancer. Red meats also alter the gut’s microbiome, which recent research indicates may raise cardiovascular disease risk.

2. Eat a lot more fiber-rich foods (especially soluble fiber from foods like beans, oats, barley, fruits, and vegetables).

Foods naturally rich in soluble fiber have proven particularly good at lowering cholesterol. Excellent sources include oats, oat bran, barley, peas, yams, sweet potatoes and other potatoes, as well as legumes or beans, such as pinto beans, black beans, garbanzo beans, and peas. Vegetables rich in soluble fiber include carrots, brussels sprouts, beets, okra, and eggplant. Good fruit sources are berries, passion fruit, oranges, pears, apricots, nectarines, and apples.

3. Choose protein-rich plant foods (such as legumes or beans, nuts, and seeds) over meat.

Common legumes include lentils, peas, and beans, such as pinto beans, red beans, white beans, and soybeans. They’re full of nutritional riches and are a very healthy, protein-packed alternative to meat. Legumes help lower total cholesterol, ldl cholesterol, blood sugar, and insulin levels, and may even lower cancer risk.

Nuts and seeds have been proven to modestly lower ldl cholesterol levels. To avoid blood-pressure-raising salt, choose raw or dry-roasted, unsalted varieties. To avoid gaining weight, don’t eat more than 1 ounce daily since nuts and seeds are dense with calories (averaging about 175 calories per ounce).

4. Lose as much excess weight as possible.

Losing excess weight is beneficial for all sorts of reasons, from improving your cholesterol profile to preventing diseases epidemic in industrialized societies, including type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart attacks, strokes, gout, and many types of cancer.

Do keep in mind that it’s important to limit fat intake, even so-called “good” fats like olive oil, because any fat is dense with calories, which means heavy consumption can easily lead to a heavy body.

Note: the above steps contain the key food groups that have cholesterol-lowering properties. The supplements described in tips 5 and 6 may provide additional ldl lowering.

5. Take plant sterol supplements.

Sterols are naturally occurring substances found in plants. A daily intake of 1 to 2 grams of plant sterols has been shown to lower ldl cholesterol levels. Your best choice is supplements, such as cholestoff (by nature made), because they do not have the calories, sugar, trans fats, and/or salt of many foods enriched with plant sterols.

6. Take psyllium (such as metamucil).

Psyllium husks are seed grains sold as a soluble fiber supplement and laxative. Metamucil is the best known brand, but psyllium is also available in less expensive store brands. Studies have shown that 9 to 10 grams daily of psyllium, the equivalent of about 3 teaspoons daily of sugar-free metamucil, reduced ldl levels.

To get the cholesterol-lowering benefit, take 1 teaspoon with water no more than 15 to 30 minutes before a meal.

type diabetes
15 people found this helpful

Diet for DM HTN

Dr. Pranali 88% (166 ratings)
Homeopath,
Diet for DM HTN

Diet plan for DM and HTN


 Food should be distributed into small frequent feeds. The days requirement should be well distributed between the different meals. Skipping a meal or fasting is not really advisable. 

As far as possible, the patient should maintain ideal body weight. Considering the height, weight, activity, age and sex of the individual the days calorie requirement can be calculated. Of the total calories 55-65% should come from cho's 15-20% from protein and the remaining 15-20% from fats. 

General instructions to be followed:

Different cereals contain almost the same amount of cho and so the quantity of cereal consumed should be noted rather than the type consumed. 

Whole grain cereals are better, preferred for their fibre content and satiety value.

Rice gruel if consumed, should be done so by discarding the rice water, and adding hot water. 

When consuming wheat porridge, it is better to have it with pulses than using coconut milk in it. 

Include whole pulses in the diet, soya products help to reduce cholesterol. Sprouted pulses are more nutrious. 

Fish can be included in the diet, in the curry form. Fried fish is the best avoided. Shell fishes like prawns, lobsters etc should be avoided. 

Poultry (without skin) can be used occasionally. Beef, pork, mutton, liver etc should be avoided by cardiac patients. Trim off excess fat (if any) before cooking. 

Egg yolk has to be avoided by individuals with hyperlipidemia. 

Milk and its products need not to be used more than 400 ml/ day. Use skimmed milk whenever possible, otherwise cream has to be removed before consumption. 

Root vegetable like tapioca, yam, potato, colocasia etc are better avoided and if used, should be in moderation instead of cereals.

Include more vegetables (esp. Raw salads and green leafy vegetables) in your diet, as it is rich in fibre which in turn helps to reduce blood sugar and cholesterol levels. Raw salads with sprouted pulses enhances the nutrient composition. 

Fruits are restricted for diabetics and preferably should be consumed as such than having it in the form of juice. Select low calorie fruits from exchange list. 

Cardiac and hypertensive patients can take 3-4 servings of fruits. Whenever possible consume fruits with edible skins eg. Apple. Guava etc. 

Use of coconut and its products must be minimized. 

Cardiac patients need not restrict the intake of tender coconut water, whereas diabetes can only use it occasionally. 

It is better to avoid nuts like badam, peanuts, cashew nuts etc. But occasionally can be used in restricted amounts instead of some other food items so that the calories remain unchanged. 

Sugar and sweet should be avoided by diabetic patients. Low calorie sweeteners can be used in moderation as substitutes for sugar, honey, sweets etc. Cardiac and hypertensive patients should minimize their intake of sugar and sweets. 

Garlic, curry leaves, fenugreek seeds cluster beans, oatbran etc have blood sugar and cholesterol loosing efforts. Ginger, foods in rich with vit- e and b carotene reduces the risk of cardiac diseases. 

Alcohol intake injurious to health, 1 ml of alcohol contains 7 calories. Alcohol can cause hypoglyemia and can increase triglycerides which can be harmful for the heart. 

Cooking oil used should be minimized and may be restricted to 10-15 ml/day. (2-3 tsp). Use cooking methods that require little or no fat. Hidden fat in bakery products and snacks should also be taken into account. 

Preferably use a combination of cooking oils like sesame. Ground nut, sunflower, rice bran, corn oil etc. Use of coconut and palm oil should be maintained at minimum levels. 

Dinner should be enjoyed two hours before retiring. At bed time either diluted milk of fruit can be consumed. 

Include foods from all the different food groups and thus consume a balanced diet. 

Regular exercise is most useful but physical strain after a meal should be avoided. 

Free foods (can be included liberally)


 Thin buttermilk, unsweetened lime juice, jeera water, fenugreek water, raw vegetable salads made of low calorie vegetables, plain clear soups etc. 

Foods to be used in moderation.

Cereals, pulses, dhals, egg white, fish, chicken (skinned) milk and milk products, fruits, coconut, oil etc. 

Foods to be avoided by diabetics. 

Sugar, honey, jaggery, glucose and sweets of all varieties like cake, pastries, jams, jelly, sweetened drinks etc. 

Roots and tubers like potato, tapioca, yam etc

Butter, ghee, dalda and fried preparations. 

Horlicks, bournvita, boost etc

Fruits like jackfruit, banana, mango, sapota etc. 

Dry fruits and nuts

Barley water, rice water etc. 

Cholesterol rich foods (to be avoided by cardiac patients)

Whole milk and milk products

Egg yolk

Shellfishes like prawn, crab, lobster etc. 

Organ meats like kidney, liver, brain etc. 

Chicken, duck with skin. 

Sweet like pastries, ice creams etc. 

Butter, ghee, dalda, coconut oil, palmoil

Fried foods like vada, chips, pappads, samosa etc. 

Alcoholic drinks, creams soups etc. 

Fiber rich foods

Whole wheat, parboiled, sago, oats etc. 

Pulses

Fenugreek and sesame foods

Vegetables and fruits (with skin)

Fresh coconut etc. 

Sodium rich foods (to be avoided by hypertensive patients)

Salt (avoid extra salt in food and table)

Baking powder, baking soda, ajinomoto etc

Bakery products like biscuits, cakes, pastries, chocolates, bread, bun etc. 

Salted chips, nuts, popcorn etc

Pappads, pickles, dried fish etc

Canned and salt preserved foods

Sauces, soup cubes

Sausages, lobsters, meat and yeast extracts

Carbonated beverages

Readymade foods like cornflakes, noodles, fast foods etc.

Proprietary drinks eg. Horlicks, complan, bournvita etc

1 person found this helpful