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Ovarian Cysts Health Feed

Ovarian Cysts - The Many Types!

Dr. Jayanti Kamat 88% (525 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Advanced Infertility
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Ovarian Cysts - The Many Types!

In order to have proper information about ovarian cysts, it is essential to discuss the anatomy of ovaries. These are basically a part of the female reproductive system and are located in the lower abdomen on the two sides of the uterus. The major functions of ovaries are production of eggs, oestrogen and progesterone hormones.

So what exactly are cysts? Cysts are fluid-filled sacks, which sometimes develop on the ovaries. These are usually painless, causing no such symptom and females develop a cyst at least once every year. However, there are various kinds of ovarian cysts like the dermoid cysts and endometrioma cysts. The most common kinds of cysts are usually the functional ones. The types of follicle cysts include the following:

  1. Follicle cyst: When the menstrual cycle starts, the egg grows in a sac, usually called follicle, which is located inside the ovary. In usual cases, the follicle breaks and the egg is released. However, there might be a case where the follicle may not break. In situations like these, the fluid present in the follicle may turn into cysts in the ovary.
  2. Corpus leuteum: After the egg is released into the uterus, the follicle ideally dissolves. However, in case the follicle does not dissolve, the excess liquid causes the developing of little sacs and these are the other kinds of cysts.

Most of these tumors are benign (non-cancerous) and never spread beyond the ovary. Benign tumors can be treated by removing either the ovary or the part of the ovary that contains the tumor.

Malignant (cancerous) or low malignant potential ovarian tumors can spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body and can be fatal.

There are some more types of cysts as well, which are as follows:

  1. Dermoid cyst: This is a sac-like growth, which occurs on the ovaries that can contain hair, fat or other tissues. They’re a type of ovarian germ cell tumor. Usually these tumors are benign, but occasionally they can be malignant.
  2. Endometriomas: These are those tissues, which should originally grow inside the uterus, but instead they attach themselves outside the uterus to the ovaries. This in turn results in cyst formation.
  3. Cystadenomas: These are basically non-cancerous growths that develop on the ovary surface.

Polycystic ovary syndrome
This is a condition that some women develop, a large number of small cysts form inside the ovaries, thereby causing the ovaries to enlarge. It is important that polycystic ovarian syndrome is treated soon because if left untreated for long, it may cause infertility in women. These cysts are usually not harmful, but they can cause the following:

This is not that big a deal and can be controlled easily. Also with healthy living and eating, this condition can be brought to normal. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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Ovarian Cysts And Pregnancy - Understanding The Connection!

Dr. G.K. Bedi 82% (26 ratings)
DGO, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Chandigarh
Ovarian Cysts And Pregnancy - Understanding The Connection!

Are you aware of the connection between ovarian cysts and pregnancy? A woman’s ovaries produce eggs and sex hormones, namely estrogen and progesterone. Sometimes, a sac filled with fluid may develop on one of your ovaries. Ovarian cysts are common and are experienced by all women in their lifetime. Commonly, these cysts are painless, accompanied by no specific symptoms. As the cysts grow, symptoms such as swelling or bloating, painful bowel movements, painful sexual intercourse, and pelvic pain during menstrual periods are indicated. Other symptoms like breast tenderness, lower back and thigh pain, nausea and vomiting are also likely.

Link between ovarian cysts and pregnancy
Ovarian cysts are connected to pregnancy as they are associated with a woman’s fertility. Some ovarian cysts which can affect your fertility and hence pregnancy include the following:

Endometriomas
• These are ovarian cysts, which are associated with complications in fertility and occur on account of endometriosis. This is a health condition in which the normal tissue lining around your uterus or the endometrium starts growing outside your uterus.

Ovarian cysts occurring because of polycystic ovary syndrome
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is featured by the development of several small cysts on the surface of your ovaries.
• Irregular menstrual periods and the increase in levels of certain hormones are indicated.
• This condition is associated with fertility. It results in irregular ovulation that causes complications in fertility in many women.

Ovarian cysts which only affect fertility after becoming large
There are some types of ovarian cysts, which do not affect fertility unless they become very large. They are as follows:

Functional cysts

  • These cysts include corpus luteum cysts and follicular cysts. These are the most common forms of ovarian cysts.
  • Functional cysts from a usual menstrual cycle do not contribute to infertility in any way. Instead, they indicate the functions, which lead to fertility.

Cystadenomas

  • These are developments or growths in your ovaries. They usually occur from the surface of your ovaries.
  • These cysts require treatment, but do not affect fertility in any negative way.

Dermoid cysts

  • These are solid cysts containing tissues similar to skin, teeth and hair instead of fluid content.
  • These cysts too are not related to infertility problems during pregnancy.

If you are diagnosed with ovarian cysts and are concerned whether they will affect your pregnancy, it is important for you to consult your doctor. You will be able to discuss the various treatment measures, which revive your pregnancy chances. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1 person found this helpful

In ultrasound, they said I have ovarian cyst. I have severe pain while passing urine or while coughing.

Dr. Anil Kumar Gupta 90% (36 ratings)
MD - Radio Diagnosis/Radiology
Radiologist, Delhi
In ultrasound, they said I have ovarian cyst. I have severe pain while passing urine or while coughing.
No need to worry You have not mentioned the size of the cyst Small cysts are commonly seen which resolve by themselves in few months If the size of the cyst is bigger than 5 cms then you should consult a gynaecologist.
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Ovarian Cysts - 9 Symptoms You Must Not Ignore!

Dr. Shashi Agarwal 86% (16 ratings)
MBBS
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
Ovarian Cysts - 9 Symptoms You Must Not Ignore!

Ovarian cysts are common and most women will have at least one during their life. In most cases they do not display any symptoms and are discovered only during routine physical exams and ultrasounds. In most cases, it is nothing to worry about but in rare cases it can lead to complications and hence it is best to get an ovarian cysts checked out by a doctor.

Ovarian cysts usually affect women in their child bearing years. They can be described as fluid-filled sacs that develop in either of the ovaries. In an ultrasound image, these can look like small bubbles. Problems usually arise when these cysts grow larger or rupture.

In such cases, you may experience symptoms that include:

  1. Pain in the lower abdomen
  2. Painful intercourse
  3. Irregular menstruation
  4. Painful urination and bowel movement
  5. Pelvic pain after exercising
  6. Nausea and vomiting
  7. Bloating
  8. Spotting between periods
  9. Heartburn and indigestion

If the doctor suspects ovarian cysts, an ultrasound is usually used to confirm the diagnosis. A pelvic ultrasound or a sonograph as it is also known is a non-invasive imaging technique that uses high-frequency sound waves to produce images of the body’s internal structure. In some cases, an endovaginal ultrasound may also be required. This involves inserting a covered wand or probe into the vagina through which a clearer image of the ovaries can be seen.

If the cyst does not trigger any of the above symptoms, it usually does not require treatment. Instead a pelvic ultrasound may be scheduled after a month to check on the size of the cyst. In most cases, these cysts resolve themselves within a month or two. In the case of larger cysts, a biopsy may be required to rule out the chances of the cysts being cancerous. Birth control pills may be prescribed to address the pain associated with this condition. These pills are also used to stop ovulation and reduce the risk of developing further cysts.

Surgery is considered only if the cyst grows in size or continues to pain. In such cases, surgery can be of two kinds: laparoscopy or laparotomy. Laparoscopy involves the removal of cysts through a telescope like an instrument that is inserted through a small incision made in the abdomen. This is usually used to remove small cysts. Larger cysts and ovarian tumours are treated with a laparotomy. This involves making a bigger incision in the stomach and may also involve the removal of the ovaries, fallopian tubes and uterus depending on the tumour.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2332 people found this helpful

Dietary Treatment And lifestyle Tips For Ovarian Cyst

Dt. Neha Suryawanshi 95% (10914 ratings)
M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Dietary Treatment And lifestyle Tips For Ovarian Cyst

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets in an ovary or on its surface. Many women have ovarian cysts at some time. Most ovarian cysts present little or no discomfort and are harmless. The majority disappears without treatment within a few months.

However, ovarian cysts especially those that have ruptured can cause serious symptoms

Dietary treatment for ovarian cyst:-

Foods to eat

  • Soy: soy foods like tofu, miso and tempeh; as well as beans, lentils, cauliflower and broccoli can help control estrogen levels.
  • Indole-3-carbinol (i3c): eat more foods rich in i3c which helps eliminate excess hormones from the body. These include cabbage, brussels sprouts, broccoli and cauliflower.
  • Magnesium rich foods like almonds, bananas, prunes, cashew nuts and broccoli help to reduce painful cramps associated with ovarian cysts.
  • Dandelion coffee: a herbal substitute for coffee, helps support the liver so that it can remove excess hormones more easily.
  • Omega-3: eat foods rich in omega-3 essential fatty acids because they help control hormone disruptions as well as insulin resistance (linked to pcos). Good options include flax seeds (linseeds), oil fish (salmon, anchovies, sardines, mackerel and herring) and hemp seeds.
  • Go organic: stick to organic foods as much as possible as pesticides can disrupt hormone balances. Peel all vegetables and fruit if they are not organic.

Foods to avoid

  • Alcohol: reduce your intake of alcohol as it can elevate estrogen levels. If you do want to have a drink, red wine is the best option.
  • Wheat: eat fewer wheat products because wheat contains phytic acid which binds minerals like magnesium and zinc, both of which are essential for hormone balance and preventing cramps.
  • Caffeine: cut back on caffeine products, coffee, sodas, chocolate, energy drinks and tea because it can disrupt hormones.
  • Sugar: avoid refined sugar, that is, the sort of sugar found in cakes, pastries, candy and cookies because it plays havoc with hormones.
  • Other related resources: alternative treatment for endometriosis and natural treatment for pcos. Both conditions are characterized by excess estrogen levels, and natural therapies are aimed at restoring hormone balance.

Supplements and remedies

  • B-vitamins: take a good b-vitamin supplement as it is helps to balance blood sugar and hormone levels. If you already take a multi-vitamin, check it’s b-vitamin content. If it is a good formula, it should contain 100 percent of your daily b vitamin dosage, so there is no need to buy an additional supplement.
  • Brassica vegetable extract supplements: are helpful in balancing hormones. These contain extracts from cruciferous vegetables like cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower and brussels sprouts. You can purchase these easily enough on the internet from companies like life extension.
  • Herbs: a cinnamon and rehmannia combination is a traditional treatment in china for ovarian cysts. The traditional recipe contains 30g of rehmannia, 9g of antler gelatin, 3g of cinnamon bark, 2g roasted ginger, 6g of sinapis, 2g of ma-huang and 3g of licorice.

Lifestyle tips

  • Weight loss: if you are overweight, lose a few pounds. Studies continually show that moderate weight loss helps to correct hormone imbalances and improves the chance of conception in women with fertility problems.
  • Water: drink filtered water only. Tap water usually contains chemicals which can affect hormone levels. Also, be sure to check out our list of books on women's health for a healthy lifestyle.
  • Plastic toxins: avoid cooking food in plastic containers. And above all avoid heating food in plastic containers in the microwave - always transfer the food to a glass bowel first. This is because the heating process releases toxic chemicals (dioxins) in the plastic which seep into your food.
  • Stress: find ways to relax. Stress contributes to major hormone fluctuations - try adding rose, geranium or agnus castus essential oils to your bath. If you need a little motivation, read about the dangers of stress in women.
  • Chemicals: remove chemicals from the house and use biodegradable products instead.

Ovarian Cysts - Know The Types!

Dr. Papolu Rama Devi 87% (33 ratings)
Advanced Infertility, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Hyderabad
Ovarian Cysts - Know The Types!

Ovaries are a part of a woman’s reproductive system. The primary function of ovaries includes producing ‘ova’ or eggs and secreting hormones such as progesterone and estrogen. Cysts are fluid-filled sacs that form the ovaries; they usually do not cause any symptom and are not painful.

There are primarily two types of ovarian cysts:

1. Follicle cysts: During a woman’s menstrual cycle, the egg develops in a sac known as the follicle. Under normal circumstances, the sac breaks open and releases the egg. When this doesn’t happen, fluids start accumulating in the follicle to form a cyst.

2. Corpus luteum cysts: Follicle sacs dissolve after releasing the egg, but in some cases, these sacs remain and the opening of the sacs gets sealed. It again results in fluid accumulation, leading to the formation of corpus luteum cysts.

Symptoms

Usually, cysts do not cause any symptom. If the size of the cysts increases, they may cause symptoms such as stomach pain, pain during bowel movements and sex as well as pelvic floor pain. The breasts may become tender and one may experience rapid breathing. Other symptoms of ovarian cysts are fever, nausea and dizziness. Usually, rupturing of a cyst leads to these symptoms surfacing; hence you would know when exactly to call the doctor.

Treatment

The treatment options for ovarian cysts are:

  1. LaparoscopyLaparoscopy is carried out if the cysts are small in size. An incision is made close to the navel, through which an instrument is inserted to get rid of the cyst.
  2. Birth control pillsFor chronic ovarian cysts, oral contraceptives are prescribed to stop the ovulation process in order to arrest the formation of cysts.
  3. Laparotomy: In case of large cysts, this procedure is recommended. A relatively bigger incision is made in the abdomen, through which the cyst is removed.

Ovarian cysts, if left untreated, can certainly cause infertility. Pre-menopausal women and who suffer from frequent hormonal imbalances in the body are the most vulnerable to this condition.

1 person found this helpful

Hi, My wife age 56 years having diabetes, protein urea is now having ovary cysts problem, right side measures 93 mmx63 mm. Please suggest suitable remedy/treatment for this.

Dr. Vandana Krishnaprasad M 86% (878 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma In Ultrasound, Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine
IVF Specialist, Bangalore
Hi, My wife age 56 years having diabetes, protein urea is now having ovary cysts problem, right side measures 93 mmx6...
I probably assume she is postmenopausal, this cyst could be a problamatic cyst. Needs to be removed. Is it simple complex cyst. But before going for any surgical procedure make sure she is fit to undergo surgery.
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Ovary cyst size is right is 5.60Ã3.44 cm and left side is 3.04Ã1.57 cm is it danger Please tell me sir I am very suffered it's possible to solve without operation or surgery.

Dr. Adnan Mattoo 92% (120 ratings)
General Surgeon, Srinagar
Ovary cyst size is right is 5.60Ã3.44 cm and left side is 3.04Ã1.57 cm is it danger Please tell me sir I am very suff...
It's no danger. It can be normal follocular cysts. Get a repeat usg done once your periods stop. If it's still there get a CECT abdomen done and consult a good gynecologist. Regards.
1 person found this helpful
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Hi, 35 mm bulky nabothian cysts noted in cervical is it dangerous.Please sugest.

Dr. Sameer Kumar 93% (4261 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS
Gynaecologist, Noida
Hi, 35 mm bulky nabothian cysts noted in cervical is it dangerous.Please sugest.
Hello, These are benign lesions and one need not worry about them as they are painless as well. They can be removed if causing pain during coitus.
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I have cyst in both ovary. 20×18 &20×14 mm. Kya isse pregnancy m problem ho sakati h? please reply.

Dr. Arun Gupta 90% (204 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Faridabad
I have cyst in both ovary. 20×18 &20×14 mm. Kya isse pregnancy m problem ho sakati h? please reply.
If already pregnent, there will be no harm during pregnancy due to ovarian cysts. But Due to Ovarian Cysts ,one might face difficulty in attaining pregnancy. That too has less chances, unless one is having menstraul irregularity issue.
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