Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Ovarian Cancer Tips

Ovarian Cancer - Knowing The Early Signs & Symptoms Of It!

MBBS, MS - Oncology, DNB ( General Surgery )
Oncologist, Bangalore
Ovarian Cancer - Knowing The Early Signs & Symptoms Of It!

Ovarian cancer tends to occur in the cells of an ovary. The ovaries are the two glands which are responsible for female reproduction. They produce ova or eggs and also create the female hormones oestrogen and progesterone. Ovarian cancer begins when abnormal cells in the ovary start to multiply rapidly and grow out of control to form a tumour.

Generally, it was believed that ovarian cancer does not deliver any specific side effects until the tumour has spread to a later stage and early indications of ovarian cancer were not recognizable.

Nonetheless, in some of the cases, ovarian cancer may bring about early indications. The most widely recognized symptoms of ovarian cancer are as follows:

  1. Constant bloating
  2. Ache in your gut or pelvis
  3. Inconvenience eating
  4. Feeling full instantly
  5. Urinary issues, for example, an urgent need to urinate or urinating more frequently than expected

In case that you have at least one of these side effects and it happens every day for more than two or three weeks, try to consult a doctor or a specialist.

These symptoms are basic for a few women. They may not imply that you have ovarian cancer. It is very important for women to understand that these symptoms do not necessarily imply that they have ovarian cancer. The same number of other common and harmless conditions can bring about the same indications. Additionally, different reasons for these symptoms are significantly more common than ovarian cancer. These may include irritable bowel syndromeand urinary tract infections (UTIs). In any case, the early indications of ovarian cancer tend to follow a pattern, which is as follows:

  1. They begin abruptly.

  2. They do not feel the same as your typical stomach-related or menstrual issues.

  3. They happen almost consistently and do not leave.

Different signs and symptoms that affect a few women with ovarian cancer include the following:

  1. Digestion problem

  2. Fatigue

  3. Back pain.

  4. Pain during intercourse

  5. Constipation

  6. Menstrual cycle changes

However, these side effects are also common in a few women who do not have ovarian cancer. Most of the ovarian cancer cases are diagnosed at a later stage after the tumours have spread. Fortunately, around 20% of women are diagnosed early, when the infection might be generally treatable. There is no complete screening test for early ovarian cancer. General pelvic examinations now and then, followed by ultrasound examinations or blood tests for cancer-related markers, have been routinely used for ovarian cancer screening. However, none of these tests are particularly effective when it comes to identifying ovarian cancer.

In case some of these symptoms start to manifest in your body, one should go for a general check-up. This is so because cancers are usually diagnosed at later stages where treatment is very difficult. Hence, the sooner one knows, the better it is.

Ovarian Cysts - Causes & Symptoms Of The Condition!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS
Gynaecologist, Faridabad
Ovarian Cysts - Causes & Symptoms Of The Condition!

The ovaries are the egg producing organs, an essential part of the female reproductive system, they are responsible for the production of estrogen and release and egg every month. If the egg fertilizes with a sperm it can result in a pregnancy.

Ovarian cysts are quite common among women. Ovarian cysts are known to be small sacs filled with fluid that are situated in the ovaries.

Causes of ovarian cysts

Among ovarian cysts, the most common one is called the functional cyst. This type of cyst generally forms during the process of ovulation, during which either the eggs do not successfully release from the sac or the sac (follicle) fails to disintegrate properly after the release of the egg. Certain factors that can cause ovarian cysts are:

1.   Age- Ovarian cysts are more likely to occur in women who have reached menopause.
2.   Smoking
3.   Being overweight or obese 
4.   Consumption of fertility drugs 
5.   Hormone replacement therapy 
6.   Family history of ovarian cysts and cancer 
7.   Early menstruation, that is, the onset of the period before the age of 11
8.   Hypothyroidism 

Symptoms related to ovarian cysts 

Generally, ovarian cysts show no specific symptoms and are generally only located during a physical examination or an ultrasound. But, in case you suffer from large cysts or those that have ruptured, you may experience certain signs like:

1.   Pain while having sex. Great discomfort may be felt, particularly when deep penetration is attempted.
2.  Pain in the lower abdominal and pelvic region. This pain may be intermittent or persistent. It can also vary from being mild to quite sharp.
3.   Irregularity in the menstrual cycle.
4.   An uncomfortable pressure in the lower abdominal and pelvic area.
5.   Acute pain in the pelvic area and the lower back all throughout the menstrual period.
6.   Pain in the pelvic area after a session of vigorous exercise or strenuous physical activity.
7.   A feeling of discomfort or pain while urinating or during bowel movements.
8.   Nausea, followed by vomiting.
9.   Pain in the vaginal area, or light bleeding 
10. Infertility
11. Problems with healthy bowel movements 
12. Bloating 

3311 people found this helpful

Ovarian Cancer - Symptoms You Should Never Ignore!

Multi Speciality, Navi Mumbai
Ovarian Cancer - Symptoms You Should Never Ignore!

Ovarian cancer is a broad term used to describe cluster of different types of cancers occurring in a single organ i.e. ovary. It can occur at any age- from infancy till old age , even though ovarian carcinoma in younger/childhood comprises only 20% of all ovarian cancers. Majority of ovarian cancers are epithelial - arising from the covering from ovary or from the fallopian tube or the lining of the peritoneum of the abdominal cavity.

The Silent Killer:

Ovarian cancer is called a silent killer as majority of patients report any symptoms when the disease is in the advance stage. Hardly 2-3% of all ovarian cancers cause bleeding or hirsutism, thereby seeking prompt treatment. Majority of ovarian cancer occurs in peri/postmenopausal women which reflect change in interior milieu in terms of hormones.

Since the symptoms are non-specific, women tend to ignore them due to growing age/menopause. Also, mostly women normally don't consult physicians for such non-gynecological complaints, thereby further delaying the diagnosis. It is recommended that women remain involved in their overall health and keep themselves updated to report any abnormality immediately to a specialist.

The main symptoms associated with Ovarian Cancer are:

  • Bloating sensation especially after heavy meals.

  • Increasing abdominal girth (especially if no change in diet or if regularly exercising).

  • Increasing heaviness (fullness) in lower abdomen.

  • Increasing constipation.

  • Persistent Gastritis, if previously absent.

  • Inability to eat proper meal.

  • Increasing tiredness.

  • Increased frequency of urination.

  • Painful contact.

Further, if there is family history of breast/uterine/ovarian cancer in first and second degree relatives, this increases the risk of developing ovarian and breast cancer. Such females should remain vigilant for above-mentioned symptoms and should report promptly.

4793 people found this helpful

Ovarian Cysts - Understanding The Causes & Symptoms Of It!

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Ahmedabad
Ovarian Cysts - Understanding The Causes & Symptoms Of It!

The ovaries are the egg producing organs, an essential part of the female reproductive system, they are responsible for the production of estrogen and release an egg every month. If the egg is fertilized with a sperm it can result in a pregnancy.

Ovarian cysts are quite common among women. Ovarian cysts are known to be small sacs filled with fluid that are situated in the ovaries.

Causes of ovarian cysts: Among ovarian cysts, the most common one is called the 'functional cyst'. This type of cyst is generally formed during the process of ovulation, wherein either the eggs do not successfully release from the sac or the sac (follicle) fails to disintegrate properly after the release of the egg.

Certain factors that can cause ovarian cysts are:

  1. Age that is ovarian cysts are more likely to occur in women who have reached menopause
  2. Smoking
  3. Being overweight or obese
  4. Consumption of fertility drugs
  5. Hormone replacement therapy
  6. Family history of ovarian cysts and cancer
  7. Early menstruation, that is, the onset of the period before the age of 11
  8. Hypothyroidism

Symptoms related to ovarian cysts: Generally, ovarian cysts show no specific symptoms and are generally located during a physical examination or an ultrasound. But, in case you suffer from large cysts or those that have ruptured, you may experience certain signs like:

  1. Pain while having sex. Great discomfort may be felt, particularly when deep penetration is attempted.
  2. Pain in the lower abdominal and pelvic region. This pain may be intermittent or persistent. It can also vary from being mild to quite sharp.
  3. Irregularity in the menstrual cycle.
  4. An uncomfortable pressure in the lower abdominal and pelvic area.
  5. Acute pain in the pelvic area and the lower back all throughout the menstrual period.
  6. Pain in the pelvic area after a session of vigorous exercise or strenuous physical activity.
  7. A feeling of discomfort or pain while urinating or during bowel movements.
  8. Nausea, followed by vomiting.
  9. Pain in the vaginal area, or light bleeding.
  10. Infertility
  11. Problems with healthy bowel movements.
  12. Bloating
3952 people found this helpful

Ovarian Cancer - What The News Medication Trends?

MBBS, DM - Oncology, MD - General Medicine
Oncologist, Nashik
Ovarian Cancer - What The News Medication Trends?

When a mutation occurs in the gametes or germ cells which later becomes sex cells, the mutation is referred to as germline mutation. The germline mutation, in the majority of cases, causes harmful genetic disorders or diseases like ovarian cancer that may have a potential of being passed on to offspring.

Considered to be one of the most lethal forms of all the gynecological malignancies that are there, ovarian cancer is a serious threat that can make people succumb to death. However, with modern genetic drugs being discovered, such as rucaparib and olaparib, treating BRCA germline as well as somatic ovarian cancer has been possible to a great extent. Let’s take a closer look at these anti-cancer drugs here.

What are these drugs used for?
The drug rucaparib is used for treating patients who have had two or more sessions of chemotherapy for adverse somatic or germline BRCA mutation which is associated with ovarian cancer. On the other hand, the drug olaparib is used for patients who are suspected or have cancer due to germline BRCA mutation and have been treated with 3 or more chemotherapies before. These are both indicated as monotherapy.

Are there any side effects?
Patients taking rucaparib or olaparib are not meant to feel side effects. However, based on the duration of the treatment and the severity of the condition sometimes people may experience side effects like constipation, nausea, fatigue, kidney issues, decreased appetite, anemia, etc. The chances of experiencing skin rash, breathlessness, photosensitivity, heartburn and decreased the count of platelets are very less.

Are there any necessary precautions?
Before starting treatments with olaparib or rucaparib, patients are strongly suggested to tell their doctors about other medications they are taking presently, in case there's any. And, also, patients are advised against taking any vaccination or immunization or drugs containing aspirin without consulting their doctors. Both breastfeeding a child and conceiving during the treatment are strongly prohibited.

How do these drugs work?
Just like many other targeted therapies that are there for treating cancer, both rucaparib and olaparib primarily work by killing the malignant or the fast-dividing cells associated with ovarian cancer. However, finding out more about the other features of the cancer cells is also its purpose. The PARP enzymes these two drugs include, induce the formation of the double-stranded DNA complexes which results in the death of the cancer cells.
People having either BRCA1 or BRCA2 germline mutations stands at greater risk of developing certain cancers, such as ovarian cancer or the breast cancer than other people. However, research has shown promising chances of targeted therapies such as the rucaparib or olaparib to play an effective role in treating germline mutations caused cancers. You can always talk to your healthcare professional to know more about these targeted therapies if at risk.

4 people found this helpful

Ovarian Cancer - Know The Signs And Symptoms!

M.CH - Surgical Oncology, MBBS
Oncologist, Visakhapatnam
Ovarian Cancer - Know The Signs And Symptoms!

Ovarian cancer tends to occur in the cells of an ovary. The ovaries are the two glands which are responsible for female reproduction. They produce ova or eggs and also create the female hormones oestrogen and progesterone. Ovarian cancer begins when abnormal cells in the ovary start to multiply rapidly and grow out of control to form a tumour.

Generally, it was believed that ovarian cancer does not deliver any specific side effects until the tumour has spread to a later stage and early indications of ovarian cancer were not recognizable.

Nonetheless, in some of the cases, ovarian cancer may bring about early indications. The most widely recognized symptoms of ovarian cancer are as follows:

  1. Constant bloating
  2. Ache in your gut or pelvis
  3. Inconvenience eating
  4. Feeling full instantly
  5. Urinary issues, for example, an urgent need to urinate or urinating more frequently than expected

In case that you have at least one of these side effects and it happens every day for more than two or three weeks, try to see a doctor or a specialist.

These symptoms are basic for a few women. They may not imply that you have ovarian cancer. It is very important for women to understand that these symptoms do not necessarily imply that they have ovarian cancer. The same number of other common and harmless conditions can bring about the same indications. Additionally, different reasons for these symptoms are significantly more common than ovarian cancer. These may include irritable bowel syndrome and urinary tract infections (UTIs). In any case, the early indications of ovarian cancer tend to follow a pattern, which is as follows:

  1. They begin abruptly.

  2. They do not feel the same as your typical stomach-related or menstrual issues.

  3. They happen almost consistently and do not leave.

Different signs and symptoms that affect a few women with ovarian cancer include the following:

  1. Digestion problem

  2. Fatigue

  3. Back pain.

  4. Pain during intercourse

  5. Constipation

  6. Menstrual cycle changes

However, these side effects are also common in a few women who do not have ovarian cancer. Most of the ovarian cancer cases are diagnosed at a later stage after the tumours have spread. Fortunately, around 20% of women are diagnosed early, when the infection might be generally treatable. There is no complete screening test for early ovarian cancer. General pelvic examinations now and then, followed by ultrasound examinations or blood tests for cancer-related markers, have been routinely used for ovarian cancer screening. However, none of these tests are particularly effective when it comes to identifying ovarian cancer.

In case some of these symptoms start to manifest in your body, one should go for a general check-up. This is so because cancers are usually diagnosed at later stages where treatment is very difficult. Hence, the sooner one knows, the better it is.

4 Highly Effective Treatment Options For Ovarian Cancer!

DGO, Diploma In Family planning (UK), MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
4 Highly Effective Treatment Options For Ovarian Cancer!

Ovarian cancer takes place when the cells in either of your ovaries have an abnormal growth. The ovaries are two small organs, situated on either side of your uterus. They deliver female sex hormones and store and discharge eggs (ova) that help a woman reproduce. Ovarian cancer is a serious disease that emerges from various sorts of cells and growths inside the ovary.

Specialists do not know precisely what causes ovarian cancer. Hereditary qualities, for example and other DNA changes, are a danger element for few ladies. Around 10 out of 100 ovarian cancers are thought to be brought about by quality transformations in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes. Women who go through changes due to these carrier genes are more at risk of contracting ovarian cancer.

The earliest symptoms of ovarian cancer are as follows

  • Frequent bloating in the uterus or stomach area.
  • Pain in your pelvis or belly.
  • Inconvenience while eating, or feeling full quickly.
  • Urinary issues, for example, a critical need to urinate or urinating more frequently than expected.


Treatment options for ovarian cancer

The decision of treatment and the long-term result for ladies who have ovarian cancer relies upon the sort and phase of cancer they are in. Your age, general wellbeing, personal satisfaction, and wish to get pregnant should be considered. The primary treatment methods for ovarian cancer are:

  1. Surgery to see whether you have cancer or not and to treat it. This may include taking an ultrasound and biopsies to check for the spread of cancer.
  2. Chemotherapy, which uses medications to kill the cancerous cells. It is suggested after surgery for most phases of ovarian cancer.
  3. Women who are in a more progressive stage of ovarian cancer may have a portion of their chemotherapy before surgery and whatever is left of it after surgery. This can make the surgery more secure for these women.
  4. Radiation treatment might be utilized to pulverize the cancer cells with the help of high-measurement X-ray beams or other high-vitality beams.

Side Effects of Treatment Methods:

Most medications for ovarian cancer cause reactions. They may vary, depending upon the kind of treatment, your age and general well-being. Reactions of surgery rely on the degree of your surgery and spread of the disease. In case your specialist removes your ovaries, you lose the capacity to bear children or get pregnant. Furthermore, in case you were all the while bleeding before your surgery, you will begin with your menopause.

Symptoms of chemotherapy may incorporate loss of appetite and weight, queasiness, fatigue, vomiting, nausea and hair loss. There is also a possibility of getting a very serious infection. One should get regular or annual check-ups done to see if there are anomalies in either parts of the bodies since natural symptoms of cancer are only visible after a certain stage.

3987 people found this helpful

Ovarian Cancer - How To Treat It?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Surgical Oncology
Oncologist, Lucknow
Ovarian Cancer - How To Treat It?

Ovarian cancer is referred to as the cancer of the ovaries. The ovaries are a component of the female reproductive system. There are two ovaries located on either side of the uterus in a woman's body. Ovaries which are the organs responsible for producing egg cells also produce the hormones estrogen and progesterone. Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer which often goes undetected until it has spread all the way to the pelvis and the abdomen. However, it is also very difficult to treat the condition in its later stages which is why diagnosing ovarian cancer quickly is quintessential.

Here is everything you need to know about ovarian cancer:

Symptoms

1. No symptoms at first
Usually, in its early stages ovarian cancer does not cause any symptoms.

2. Abnormal bloating
Bloating is when your abdomen swells due to excess fluid or gas inside. Abnormal bloating is more frequently associated with irritable bowel syndrome or even constipation is a common symptom of ovarian cancer.

3. Feeling full quickly
This is also an associated symptom which has often been mistaken for constipation or irritable bowel syndrome.

4. Weight loss
This is one of the more common signs of ovarian cancer.

5. Discomfort in the pelvis area
This symptom occurs towards the later stages of ovarian cancer after it has already spread.

6. Constipation
Constipation is a symptom of ovarian cancer as well.

7. Frequent urination
This is yet another symptom which is a sign of ovarian cancer.
The symptoms of ovarian cancer are often mistaken with that of irritable bowel syndrome and constipation.

Causes
As with other forms of cancer, it is still very unclear what exactly causes ovarian cancer.

Treatment

1. Surgery
Surgery most commonly involves removing large parts of the female reproductive system which includes the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, the uterus as well as the lymph nodes. The surgeon will also try and remove as many cancer cells as possible from the abdomen and pelvic areas.

2. Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy is usually done after surgery. It is usually performed so that the rest of the cancer cells are killed off. Chemotherapy drugs can be injected directly into the vein, abdominal cavity or sometimes even both.

2624 people found this helpful

Ovarian Cancer - Who Is At Risk?

Fellowship in Laparoscopic and Robotic Onco-Surgery, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Chandigarh
Ovarian Cancer - Who Is At Risk?

The cancer of the ovaries is known as ovarian cancer. In women there are two ovaries present on each side of the uterus. These ovaries are as big as an almond in size and produce egg also known as ova. They also secrete the hormones progesterone and estrogen.

Ovarian cancer goes undetected until it spreads to the abdomen and pelvis. When detected at this stage then it might be fatal and the treatment gets difficult. An early stage ovarian cancer where the cancer is restricted in the ovaries is much easier to treat with high success rates.

Risk Factors of Ovarian Cancer

1. Age - With increasing age the risk of ovarian cancer is higher and is more common in women who are 60 and above. It is less common in women below 40 years of age and develops often after menopause.
Obesity Women who have a body mass index of 30 are at a risk of developing ovarian cancer.

2. History of Reproduction - It is believed that women who conceive before 26 and carry the full term have a lower risk of ovarian cancer. However, the risk is higher in those women who get pregnant after 35 or who do not have a full term pregnancy. Also, breastfeeding the baby lowers the risk.

3. Gene Mutation - Inherited gene mutation causes some percentage of ovarian cancer. These genes are called breast cancer genes 1 and 2 (BRCA1 and BRCA2). These were initially found in cases with breast cancer but also pose great risk for ovarian cancer. Also, gene mutation leading to Lynch syndrome plays an important role in increasing the risk of ovarian cancer.

4. Family History - If a woman's mother, sister or daughter is suffering from ovarian cancer then she is at a higher risk of developing the same. The risk also increases if someone from the father’s side also has ovarian cancer.

5. Fertility Drugs - Drugs like clomiphene citrate, if used for more than a year can increase the risk of the cancer. The risk is even higher if a woman taking the drug does not get pregnant.

6. Hormone Therapy and Estrogen Therapy - Long term use and large doses of estrogen can cause an increased risk. However, if estrogen is used in combination with progesterone then the risk is less.

7. Age of menstruation and menopause - If menstruation starts before 12 and menopause occurs before 52 then there is a higher risk of getting the cancer.

8. Diet - A low fat vegetarian diet has less risk of the disease. Fresh fruit and vegetables should be included in diet along with pulses, rice, pasta, beans, cereals and breads.

3437 people found this helpful

4 Major Signs That Indicate Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
4 Major Signs That Indicate Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

Epithelial Ovarian Cancer is a condition in which malignant tumor emerges from the tissue lining in the outer surface of the ovary. Epithelial tumors are usually benign, but this form of malignancy has been found to be the most common type of ovarian cancer. Moreover, it cannot be diagnosed until in its advanced stage. Medical research shows that factors such as multiple pregnancies, delayed childbirth and early menarche seem to raise the risk of ovarian cancer, while dietary and environmental factors also play a significant role in it.

Symptoms
1. A majority of the patients have been observed to have extensive intra-abdominal growth.
2. They may experience discomfort or swelling of the abdominal region.
3. The feeling of being bloated, lack of appetite, unnatural weight alteration, dyspepsia, malaise, and urinary problems are frequently reported symptoms.
4. Patients also experience constipation and other gastrointestinal problems.

Treatment
The first step towards treatment of ovarian cancer is to diagnose the condition. A thorough pelvic examination (consisting of an examination of the vagina, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and cervix) will help to pin point any abnormality of the ovary. If the doctor notes nodularity, firmness or lack of tenderness during the examination, these can be taken as symptoms of malignancy of epithelial ovarian tumors. Ultrasound examination of the abdominal region will also help to locate abnormality in the tissues on the outer surface of the ovary. The next logical step towards treatment is getting a biopsy. During this procedure potentially malignant cells are removed and then diagnosed by a pathologist to conclude if the cells are cancerous or not. The process of removal is known as laparotomy.

Apart from a handful of stage one patients, most women with epithelial ovarian cancer receive chemotherapy. The standard treatment for this type of ovarian cancer is the surgical elimination of tumor. This includes total abdominal hysterectomy, a surgery in which the uterus and cervix is removed through an incision in the abdomen. Post surgical treatment consists of taxane-platinum chemotherapy. Patients with minimal residual cancer undergo external radiation therapy or intraperitoneal chemotherapy (radioactive liquid is channelled into the abdomen with the help of a catheter).

A lot of research has been done in this field and a variety of clinical trials are available for a patient, if he/she wishes to be a part of it. Leading methods are immunotherapy and targeted therapy are also available. Immunotherapy uses the immune system of the patient to battle cancer. Bodily substances or substances created in the lab are used to restore and boost the body’s natural defence mechanisms against cancer. Targeted therapy, on the other hand, uses substances to identify the cancer and attack the malignant cells without jeopardizing non-cancerous cells.

3881 people found this helpful
Icon

Book appointment with top doctors for Ovarian Cancer treatment

View fees, clinic timings and reviews