Osteoporosis is a medical condition which makes the bones brittle and weak. The bone gets so brittle that even mild stress like falling, coughing and bending can cause a severe fracture. The fractures usually occur on the spine, wrist and hip. The bones in our body are constantly broken and replaced.
But in this case, the bone fails to get replaced after breaking down. It affects both women and men, but Asian and white women, especially those who have passed their menopause are at a higher risk. Weight-bearing exercises, healthy diet and medications can strengthen weak bones and avoid bone loss.
There are no warning signs at the early stages and no conditions shown until there is a fracture. But if there is a family history regarding this issue then you must talk to your doctor and take the necessary precautions. If there are any symptoms, then the treatment must be taken on time. As without treating the disease properly, it can become severe by making the bones thinner and weaker thus increasing the fracture risks.
At times there can be some of the symptoms like Weak grip strength, brittle and weak nails, receding gums. And severe symptoms can include back pain, neck pain and there can be lost in the height. The bones become so weak and fragile that they can break due to strong sneeze.
Osteoporosis can have severe life-threatening factors as during the disease the bones become weak and fragile causing fracture as there is a loss in the mass of the bones. This may also lead to long-time chronic pain and disability throughout life. If it becomes severe then it may even lead to death.
Thus, the main goal of the person must be to get bone strength back and preventing fractures by having proper treatment. But in most of the cases, the disease is having a serious threat to life it remains un-diagnosed and untreated.
Women who are above the age of 65 and men who are above the age of 40 must go for bone density testing. If there are risk factors in younger men and women aged 59-60 should take it seriously and go for the treatment.
The treatment is based on how much risk is there of bone-breaking in next 10 years and this information is gathered by doing the bone density test. The tests and treatment must be done in correct time else the risk is high and bones start to fall and loss. Which increases the chances of curing osteoporosis.
There are many factors which help in preventing osteoporosis for different age groups:
Childhood to adolescence:
Foods to eat in osteoporosis: