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Osteoarthritis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Osteoarthritis? What causes Osteoarthritis? Diagnosis:

What is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is a medical condition which occurs when a protective cartilage which is placed at the ends of your bones wears down due to wear and tear. It usually affects the joints of your spine, hips, knees and hands. Osteoarthritis is considered the most common form of arthritis. Being active and leading a healthy lifestyle can slow down the development of this disease. Certain medications can also improve the joint function and improve pain.

What causes Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis usually occurs when the cartilage (a slippery and firm tissue that allows frictionless joint motion) which cushions the bones inside your joints start deteriorating. The surface beneath the cartilage starts becoming rough. If the cartilage is damaged completely, the bones can be rubbing together without a protective barrier in between. This can cause immense pain and discomfort.

Risk factors which can make you susceptible in developing Osteoarthritis:

  • Old age- When you start aging, your bones tend to grow weaker. This can cause Osteoarthritis.
  • Sex- Studies state that women are more prone in developing Osteoarthritis.
  • Obesity- Extra body weight can add more pressure and stress on the joints of your body, which can make the cartilage on your knees, hips and joints prone to more friction. Fat tissues also produce proteins which can cause chronic inflammation on your joints leading to Osteoarthritis.
  • Joint injuries- Injuries which occur while playing sports or from a fatal accident can increase your chances of developing Osteoarthritis. Injuries that have occurred several years ago can also make you develop Osteoarthritis in the future.
  • Some occupations- Certain jobs include tasks which put continuous stress on a particular joint. This region can easily get affected by Osteoarthritis.
  • Genetics- If one or both parents have Osteoarthritis, the child is also prone in developing Osteoarthritis.
  • Bone deformities- People who are born with a defective cartilage or malformed joint are more susceptible in developing Osteoarthritis.

Diagnosis:

Osteoarthritis can be diagnosed by an orthopedic specialist. Usually tests like Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or X-rays are performed. These tests confirm the cartilage loss and bone spurs surrounding the affected joint. Sometimes, lab tests like blood test and Joint fluid analysis is carried out to analyze joint or blood fluid levels in your bone. These tests also confirm whether or not you have Osteoarthritis. Sometimes symptoms of Osteoarthritis can be similar to joint infection, gout or rheumatoid arthritis.

Popular Questions & Answers

I have hand problems, to undersimplify. I have dequervain’s bilateral, dupuytrens on the rh (radiated, no more issues) and cyst on the top of my wrist on lh. My physiatrist told me I have a slight carpal tunnel syndrome (no symptoms) and the beginnings of osteoarthritis bi lateral (not enough to cause symptoms). Apart from dequervains pain, I have pain in my index finger rh especially when I flex it. It feels, I can’t describe it any better, like I have a tight glove on and it is hard to flex (i had to switch the mouse button side). I had an mri more than 5 years ago and it revealed tenosynovitis of the said index finger and some fluid deposited around the tendons of all my fingers. But here is the real puzzling affliction, I seem to have some kind of generalized tendonitis bi lateral and the pain seems to occur for no reason. Also I get injured too easily. For example, today, while I was sweeping the floor the inside of my left thumb and under my index finger down to my palm, started to hurt badly. Every so often when I grab something with force (or just in an awkward way) the knuckles at the base of my fingers in the palm of my hands hurt. I thought it was the osteoarthritis but I finally realized it was actually the tendons being compressed. I’ve looked everywhere for something that could explain this strange “all tendons inflamed” disease to no avail. I had a failed dequervains surgery, physiotherapy and all kinds of nsaid”s and methylprednisolone course twice. They’ve only injected once bilateral for dequervain’s. I’ve been trying to get them to inject me in the other problem areas but they simply ignore me. Any ideas?

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, F. KUMC, Fellowship in Joint Replacement, Fellowship in Arthroscopy, Cadaveric workshop in Knee and Shoulder Arthroscopy, Cadaveric Workshop in Knee Arthroscopy
Orthopedic Doctor, Vadodara
1. For your dq's, you can get operated and tendons can be released instantly. It's a short procedure, not so costly and very effective. 2. For your forefinger pain, I think carpal tunnel syndrome could be the cause. Get your never conduction veloc...

Suffering from left leg knee osteoarthritis. Taking cartigen 1500 and medical plus but there is no relief in stiffness in upper portion above the knee. Please suggest.

MBBS, MD - Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Orthopedic Doctor, Mumbai
Treatment depends on the grade of OA If you are grade one only the above treatment coupled with knee exercises will suffice.
1 person found this helpful

Patient 42 years old female. Suffering from bilateral knee osteoarthritis left greater than right. Taking dupact (undenatured collagen type ii) odpc. Can she also take univestin simultaneously?

MS- Orthopaedics, Mch- Ortho, Fellowship in Joint Replacement
Orthopedist, Vadodara
I think both medicines are claim to work in different mode of action you can take but you can go for other cost effective alternative then unisestine (while already on dupact)
1 person found this helpful

My father took soluzyme tablet early in the morning unknowingly today would be there any side effects for that and can please tell the precautions for that.

MBBS, MD - Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Orthopedic Doctor, Mumbai
No need to worry .Usually it is taken between two meals. It is anti inflammatory medicine to reduce the swelling No need for any special precautions only,Don't undergo any procedures like dental extraction or surgery today
3 people found this helpful

I have osteoarthritis in both knee since last 3 years. Taking ayurvedic medicine. No swelling. Difficult to walk or stand for 5 minutes kindly advice. Allopathic treatment.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
First is to consult orthopaedic surgeon to decide whether joint is badly affected for undergoing surgical treatment. If doctor says not very bad or if you are sure you do not want surgery then contact me for capsules treatment.
2 people found this helpful

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