Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments


Osteoarthritis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is a medical condition which occurs when a protective cartilage which is placed at the ends of your bones wears down due to wear and tear. It usually affects the joints of your spine, hips, knees and hands. Osteoarthritis is considered the most common form of arthritis. Being active and leading a healthy lifestyle can slow down the development of this disease. Certain medications can also improve the joint function and improve pain.

What causes Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis usually occurs when the cartilage (a slippery and firm tissue that allows frictionless joint motion) which cushions the bones inside your joints start deteriorating. The surface beneath the cartilage starts becoming rough. If the cartilage is damaged completely, the bones can be rubbing together without a protective barrier in between. This can cause immense pain and discomfort.

Risk factors which can make you susceptible in developing Osteoarthritis:

  • Old age- When you start aging, your bones tend to grow weaker. This can cause Osteoarthritis.
  • Sex- Studies state that women are more prone in developing Osteoarthritis.
  • Obesity- Extra body weight can add more pressure and stress on the joints of your body, which can make the cartilage on your knees, hips and joints prone to more friction. Fat tissues also produce proteins which can cause chronic inflammation on your joints leading to Osteoarthritis.
  • Joint injuries- Injuries which occur while playing sports or from a fatal accident can increase your chances of developing Osteoarthritis. Injuries that have occurred several years ago can also make you develop Osteoarthritis in the future.
  • Some occupations- Certain jobs include tasks which put continuous stress on a particular joint. This region can easily get affected by Osteoarthritis.
  • Genetics- If one or both parents have Osteoarthritis, the child is also prone in developing Osteoarthritis.
  • Bone deformities- People who are born with a defective cartilage or malformed joint are more susceptible in developing Osteoarthritis.


Osteoarthritis can be diagnosed by an orthopedic specialist. Usually tests like Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or X-rays are performed. These tests confirm the cartilage loss and bone spurs surrounding the affected joint. Sometimes, lab tests like blood test and Joint fluid analysis is carried out to analyze joint or blood fluid levels in your bone. These tests also confirm whether or not you have Osteoarthritis. Sometimes symptoms of Osteoarthritis can be similar to joint infection, gout or rheumatoid arthritis.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Usually self diagnosable Lab test required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Joint pain in the hands, neck, lower back, knees and hips Loss of flexibility. Grating sensation in the affected bones.

Popular Health Tips

Use Of PRP Therapy In Orthopaedics!

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, DNB - Orthopedics
Orthopedist, Delhi
Use Of PRP Therapy In Orthopaedics!

It is considered as the medical speciality, which caters to injuries and various diseases in the musculoskeletal system of the human body. This constitutes the joints, bones, tendons, nerves and muscles that enables a human being to move, be active and work. Orthopaedic surgeons perform special problems like diagnosis of the injury or disorder, treatment with right medication, rehabilitation that is by prescribing exercises and physical therapy in order to restore back movement, function and strength and finally prevention by providing information and plans of treatment to prevent the injury or reduce the progression of the disease.

Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy (PRP)
PRP is the next generation injection method which is used commonly for conditions like knee, hip, shoulder and spine osteoarthritis, cuff tears, ACL injuries, pelvic instability, tennis elbow, back and neck injuries, ankle sprains, ligament sprains and tendinitis. It includes higher blood rate platelet concentrations and the patient experiences fewer chances of inflammatory side effects due to its pure PRP mixture.

How does it heal the body?

  1. The human body at first responds to the soft tissues injury which is to have the platelet cells.
  2. They are packed with healing factors that initiate repair and also attract critical assistance of the stem cells.
  3. The process intensifies the human body’s efforts which directly delivers a higher platelet concentration into the area of need.
  4. To create the PRP, a small section of the patient’s blood is drawn and it is placed into centrifuge which spins blood at a higher speed and separates the platelets from the components.
  5. It is injected into and at around the mark of injury and it significantly strengthens the process of healing.
  6. Just because the patient’s own blood is used in the process there is no risk of transmissible infection and also has less chance of allergic reaction.
  7. The procedure takes a couple of hours inclusive of the recovery and preparation time. It offers instant recovery as well avoids a long stay in the hospitals and application of anesthesia.

Outcome of PRP?

As the goal of PRP therapy is just to resolve pain by healing, it can prove to have long-lasting results. Initially, improvements are seen within few weeks eventually increases with the healing progress. The research studies have shown that PRP therapy is safe and effective and enables the patient to get back to their normal daily routine.

The PRP is very rich in platelets and it is a very old therapy that is adopted. It is a simple process and has multiple injections lasting 60-90 minutes and above all, it has natural end results, for example, PRP therapy is applied in hair restoration that provides natural appearing end results. It is a reliable process and therapy.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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Suffering From Osteoarthritis - What You Should Know?

MBBS, MD-Medicine, DM - Clinical Immunology
Rheumatologist, Jaipur
Suffering From Osteoarthritis - What You Should Know?

There are so many things we take for granted. For example, have you ever thought about how your fingers bend or how your knees open and fold to help you walk? It is only when these simple acts start becoming uncomfortable that we take a closer look at them. Osteoarthritis is a common musculoskeletal condition that affects the cartilage in our joints. As the cartilage breaks down, bones lose the buffer between them and every movement becomes stiff and painful.

Here are a few things you should know about osteoarthritis.

  1. Osteoarthritis is common: Osteoarthritis can affect both men and women but men have a higher risk of osteoarthritis as compared to women. This risk increases with age. Other risk factors associated with osteoarthritis include obesity, genetics, muscle weakness and previous joint injuries. The joints most commonly affected by osteoarthritis include the knees, hips, and spine. It is important to note that though this condition is common, it is not inevitable.
  2. You can reduce your risk of Osteoarthritis: By making a few lifestyle changes you can reduce the chances of suffering from this condition. Controlling your blood sugar and weight are primary amongst these. Regular exercise is also necessary as it increases flexibility and keeps the joints supple. It also strengthens the bones and muscles. If your work involves heavy lifting avoid placing stress on your knees and instead lift the weight with your hips.
  3. Different people have different symptoms: This condition has a very slow progression rate and hence may go unnoticed in its early stages. While some people experience pain in the early stages, others may not realize anything is amiss until an X-ray shows the degenerated cartilage. It also progresses at different rates for each individual. The condition will progress faster in the case of people living with heavy stress or those with a sedentary lifestyle. Some of the common symptoms associated with osteoarthritis include pain, stiffness, and swelling of the joints. Along with an X ray, blood tests will also be conducted to diagnose osteoarthritis. This helps rule out any other type of arthritis. In rare cases, osteoarthritis can cause joint deformities.
  4. Exercise is the best treatment for osteoarthritis: At present, there is no known cure for this disease. Medication can help relieve the pain caused by movement but cannot help stop the cartilage degeneration or help new cartilage grow. However, exercise can be very beneficial. This helps strengthen the muscles around the joint and can even slow down the rate of degeneration. Low-intensity exercises such as walking, swimming, yoga, and cycling are ideal for osteoarthritis patients as they do not put any pressure on the joints.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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Osteoarthritis - Common Factors That Put You At Risk!

MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Bathinda
Osteoarthritis - Common Factors That Put You At Risk!

Osteoarthritis is a condition that causes cartilages in the joints of a human body to wear away. The joints in your body are made of bones and the ends of each bone have cartilages to prevent friction between them. Certain factors like age, nutrition or health threats can cause the cartilages to break down into bits and pieces. As a result, bones come into direct contact with one another causing the joints to swell or to turn tender.

Take a look at the following factors that can cause osteoarthritis

  1. Stress on specific joints due to certain postures: The triggering cause behind acute joint pain could be the way you sit for long hours in a day. A sportsperson might face joint pains due to his or her occupation. Similarly, any person required to sit or stand for a long stretch of time due to his/her jobs can suffer from osteoarthritis as well.
  2. There might be a deformity in any of your joints: A person born with joint deformities might suffer from arthritic problems later in life. Severe accidents can lead to deformities too.
  3. You may have suffered injuries that resulted in the condition: Joint pains needn’t always require an impactful injury. Mild or heavy injuries can lead to arthritis all the same. Defects in the joint cartilage could be passed on through genes.
  4. Age could also be a contributing factor: If a person is aging, his or her chances of developing osteoarthritis increase manifold. Age can make your bones and cartilages go weak. As you grow older, the capacity of your bones to absorb nutrition also decreases.

Prevalent symptoms that help you identify osteoarthritis

  1. A grinding sensation in the joints: A person suffering from osteoarthritis will experience continual bouts of grinding pain in the joints. This may keep him or her from walking, sitting, working or even resting. The grinding sensation is indeed disabling.
  2. You tend to face stiffness in the bones: Patients with this kind of arthritis have been reported with lacking flexibility in their joints. If they are sitting for too long, or have been inactive for some time or might have just woken up from sleep, they are likely to experience stiffness in their bones. Joints even turn sore in such situations.
  3. Extra bits of bones could create trouble: Extra bits of bones that develop at a later age are also referred to as bone spurs. They stick around the sore area and make movement a real challenge.

Modes of treatment
If osteoarthritis is detected at an early age, it can be fought against using medications. However, when the disease is really discomforting, treatment procedures like acupuncture or regimented exercising can help a patient. Yoga also does wonders to remedy joint pain. Surgical procedures are also available but they should be fallen back upon as a lender of the last resort. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Orthopedist.

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Knee Osteoarthritis - 6 Signs You Are Suffering From It!

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, DNB - Orthopedics
Orthopedist, Pune
Knee Osteoarthritis - 6 Signs You Are Suffering From It!

Osteoarthritis, although a disorder occurring in old age, can affect young people too. What exactly is osteoarthritis? It is a condition in which the cartilage in the joints, which act as cushioning between two bones, start wearing away. This causes the bones of the joints to rub against each other, thereby resulting in pain, stiffness, swelling, inability to move freely and sometimes formation of bone spurs. Also, the bones become susceptible to more damage because the shock absorbing capacity is decreased.

The most common cause of osteoarthritis is age and almost everybody will develop some degree of this disorder at some point. However, there are risks of developing this disorder at earlier ages too. The possible reasons are listed below.

  1. As already discussed, age is one of the main reasons for the wearing off of the cartilage tissues.
  2. Excess weight causes a lot of increased pressure on the joints, especially knees, thereby causing the cartilage to wear out faster, leading to osteoarthritis.
  3. Some people develop osteoarthritis in the knee due to inherited abnormalities from previous generations.
  4. Women are more susceptible to this disorder than men. Women above 55 years are likely to experience osteoarthritis in the knee.
  5. The occupation of an individual can also be a reason for this disorder. Those individuals who have jobs in which repetitive stress to the joints is normal, they tend to suffer from osteoarthritis in the knees earlier.
  6. Athletes who are involved in football, tennis, running, etc. are also susceptible to osteoarthritis in the knees. However, regular and moderate exercise helps in strengthening the joints and thereby decreasing the risks of this disorder.
  7. People with metabolic disorders, who have excess iron or excess growth hormones, tend to have a higher risk of osteoarthritis.


  1. Engaging oneself in a number of physical activities causes an increase in pain, but it gets better with rest.
  2. Swelling around the knee area occurs.
  3. Joints feel warm.
  4. The knee becomes stiff, which occurs most when one has been sitting for a long time.
  5. Mobility of the knee is decreased and it becomes difficult to sit and get up after sitting.
  6. Crackly and creaking sounds are heard when the knee moves.

There are various treatments of osteoarthritis, but one of the main remedies is weight loss. Doctors recommend certain specific exercises to reduce the pain. For medications, certain anti-inflammatory drugs and pain relievers are suggested. There are many more treatment methods, but these are some of the most effective ones. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4445 people found this helpful

All about Osteoarthritis

Fellowship in Joint Replacement , M.Ch , MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Delhi
All about Osteoarthritis

Movement of the human body happens as a result of coordinated movement between the bones and the muscles. There are also cartilages that enable bones to move over and against each other, enabling body movement. Like other body parts, these are also prone to normal wear and tear. This causes bone movement to become less elastic, more rigid, and painful. This pain and inflammation of the bone joints is termed medically as osteoarthritis. It is one of the degenerative joint disease (DJD) of the bones and is a chronic condition.


As noted above, the main cause of osteoarthritis is aging. However, injuries with damage to the bones and muscles also cause osteoarthritis. With obesity on the rise, many patients are experiencing osteoarthritis as a result of increased weight gain also, as the bones are not able to take the excessive weight.


The most common symptoms include painful and stiff joints. When the movement becomes painful, there is lesser mobility, thereby leading to more weight gain. In severe cases, there could also be swelling of the joints. There could be a "crackling" sound that is typical of onset of osteoarthritis. The stiffness is more common during the later hours of the day and after prolonged period of inactivity, for instance, sitting for long hours.


Though the symptoms associated with injury and/or old age can be quite diagnostic, a doctor can confirm with a formal checkup if it is indeed osteoarthritis. X-rays and test of the joint fluid can also be used for further confirmation.


Osteoarthritis needs to be treated in a multi-pronged approach. As noted earlier, this condition leads to a vicious cycle leading to weight gain. Therefore, the treatment should be aimed at improving movement, reducing pain, reducing weight, and adapting a healthier lifestyle. Also, though it may not be completely prevented, the onset can be delayed by choosing a healthier lifestyle during the younger years of life. Exercise and weight control can definitely prolong the onset of the condition.

There is a strong genetic component that is mapped to this condition. So, if you are aware of an existing family history, it should trigger you to undertake preventive measures earlier in life. Adapting a healthy lifestyle definitely can be helpful in numerous way, prolonging and reducing the severity of osteoarthritis being one of them. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Orthopedist.

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Popular Questions & Answers

I am suffering from Osteoarthritis on both knees for last 3 years. I can walk 200 meters at a time but be feeling pain if I stand more than 10 minutes. Kindly advised me suitably, regards.

Orthopedist, Delhi
Arthritis ll cause pain n restrict your movement. Esp climbing stairs sitting crosd legged or squattig. But if you r not even able to stand for 10 mins I wud suggest you get doppler studies of both lower limbs. Arterial n venous doppler both lower limbs. To rule out vascular or ischaemic cause of pain. If your xray says severe Osteoarthritis knee. Den needs knee replacement.

If a person has osteo arthritis then how that person should take care of himself. Does regular checkup required? Does again test required? What kind of food I should eat? What physical activity I should do or can do? Can he go for tracking?

ms orthopaedics, mbbs
Orthopedist, Noida
Ry: 1. Regular knee quadriceps exercises (static and knee bending). 2. Ice pack application will help 3.Medications like Cartigen DN and Enzomac forte will help. 4. Intraarticular injections offer great help. Tests monthly once is sufficient. No food restriction. You can do all sort of activities. Just avoid squatting in floor and using Indian lavatories.
1 person found this helpful

On my left hand at the base of the thumb and towards the edge of my finger is aching constantly. On getting an x-ray of the thumb area my orthopedic surgeon reports that I am suffering from osteoarthritis and it is a degenerative process which can not be cured and I should depend upon pain killers through out my life. I am aged 75 years without any health ailments like B.p./diabetics and heart problems. I am strict vegetarian and a regular walker covering 10000 steps and walking 5 miles a day and also doing yoga and meditation early in the morning. My diet consists of green leaves, vegetables of all varieties fruits, nuts, milk, honey and wheat. Can you suggest me any remedy for my ailment. Thanks in advance.

DM - Rheumatology, MD - General Medicine
Rheumatologist, Mumbai
Not sure if he has talked about carpometacarpal arthritis or osteoarthritis of thumb base joint? There are better options - Use of a splint like thumb spica spint (can see on amazon) - Injecting involved joint with steroid (safe and usually effective) - Hand therapists may be able to suggest wax baths and other exercise (occupational therapists - OT) OT specialists also helps to suggest good mesures on hand funtions to minimise pain USe of a gel like volini twice day might be hepful use of painkillers in short courses is not bad, effeective and decreases any inflammation Sometimes pain might appear to be due to osteoarthritis, but there might be other causes being missed Depending on various scenarios and diagnosis treatment plan can be formed Take a second opinion and if possible consult a rheumatologist best wishes
1 person found this helpful

My problem has been diagnosed as osteoarthritis of knee. Do I have a wholesome solution of this in homeopathy & physiotherapy?

B.P.O, M.P.O, M.R.C.I
Orthopedist, Surat
Yes with physical therapy you can strengthen your leg muscles and reduce wear and tear in knee joint but use of Osteoarthritis knee brace added to this will helps more to reduce pain and correct the pathology. For more guidance on this you can consult me.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is Osteoarthritis?

What causes Osteoarthritis?


Play video
Osteoarthritis: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
Play video
Osteoarthritis Pain
Causes, symptoms, and treatment of Osteoarthritis

Hi, this is Dr. Jayini P Ram Mohen, chief consultant, orthopedic surgeon, Pace Hospitals, Hitech City-Hyderabad.

See out of my experience, I practice in this place for eleven years. Out of my experience, I have seen most of the software people they present to me with all sorts of pains such as upper back and lower back pains, knee pains and sheen pains. What I have observed is most of these patients suffer from Vitamin D Deficiency rather than any orthopedic problems. Vitamin D Deficiency is an endemic condition which we are seeing in this modern era. Actually, Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin. A commonly known thing about vitamin D it s synthesized when a person is exposed to sunlight. But in the modern lifestyle even though you are exposed to sunlight, people work in a closed environment, morning to evening, they are not exposed to sunlight.

So, what is happening is inevitably everybody is ending up with vitamin D deficiency. The symptoms are fatigue; you feel tired at your working place, you feel bone pain whenever you are walking, whenever you are straining, like regular activities also you feel strained. And you feel pain in the joint and you are thinking capabilities goes down, it affects every metabolism of the body from the head to toes.

Most of us know that we get vitamin D in our body from the skin when it is exposed to sunlight. But the modern lifestyle does not allow you to fulfill that. So, for most of my patients, I prescribe vitamin D supplements on a regular basis along with calcium supplements because Vitamin D is part and parcel of calcium metabolism. You compulsory need calcium and vitamin D together in our metabolism. So the other ways which promote improving your calcium metabolism are by doing regular exercise for 10-15 minutes in a day. This keeps you in a good condition for a long time.
Causes, symptoms and treatment of Osteoarthritis
Play video
Knee Osteoarthritis
Injections for Osteoarthritis and Knee Pain Relief

Hello friends, mera naam Gaurav Chanana hai. Mai Delhi Pain Management mein consultant hoon. Hum Delhi Pain Management me aapke dard ka har tarike se non surgically ilaaz karne ki koshish karte hai. Agar hum baat kare knee pain ki ya ghutne k dard ki to jo zyada dar humare paas mareez aate hain wo osteo-arthritis k shikaar hotein hai. Unko dard hota hai chalne mein, sidiya chadne mein, to aise dard k liye hum pehle unhe advice karte hain kuch medications jinhe hum ensage kehta hai, paracetamol aur kuch exercises, knee braces hotein hai aur kuch physical therapy like hot and cold formentation.

Agar in sab cheezo se unka dard thik nahi ho paata hai to humein kuch interventions ya injections ka sahara lena padta hai. Knee pain mein kayi prakar k injections diye jaate hai jaise ki cortisone injection, ozone gas, PRP injections, Hyaluronic acid injections ar radio frequency injections. Jo sabse zyada commonly used injections hotein hai wo cortisone ya ozone gas hotein hai jo ki kuch samay tak aap k ghutne ka dard kam kar dete hai. Aur agar hum baat kare kuch zyada samay tak k liye injections jo useful rahe to usme hotein hai Hyaluronic acid injection. Hyaluronic acid ek tarah ka joint fliud hota hai jisko hum ghutne k andar inject karte hai aur wo ghutne k jodh ka lubrication aur dard kam karne mein humari madad karta hai.

Agar hum baat kare ghutne me jo damage hota hai aur osteo-arthritis me cartilage k regrowth k liye to humein usme PRP injections use karne padhte hai. Grade I aur II osteo-arthritis me PRP injection k acche results hai. Iss k 3 session diye jaate hai. PRP aap k blood se banaya jata hai jisko centrifuge machine k zariye PRP m convert kiya jaata hai. PRP mein bohot saare growth factors hotein hai jo aapke cartilage regrowth me madad karte hai. Agar in sab injections se aur kayi karano se patient operation k liye bhi nahi ja sakta hai, bimaari k wajah se, wazan ki wajah se ya fir umar ki wajah se to un cases mein hum radio frequency k zariye se ghutne me dard paida karne wale nassoun ko dead kar dete hai. Ise hum Radio Frequency of Genicular Nerves kehte hai. Ye sab injections kaai kam risk waale injections hotein hai, humare centres pe usually kiye jaate hai.

Agar aapko knee pain k liye ya inse judein kisi injection k baare me koi bhi information chahiye ho to aap hum contact kar sakte hai k through ya fir k through. Thank you, have a good day.
Play video
Here are causes and treatments of Osteoarthritis

I am Dr Sandeep Chauhan, senior consultant, Orthopaedic and joint replacement at Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon. The growing problem of osteoartritis that is creeping up in our society is primarily due to the changing lifestyles that we people lead and the growing age. Including the trend of obesity, this problem has become multifold in our society and females are mostly suffering from it.

Osteoarthritis is a disease in which the cartridge of the medial compartment of the knee starts getting worn out and Slowly the subchondral bone starts to feel the bent of the weight and leads to pain and deformity of the knees. Basic treatment for osteoarthritis is to change our lifestyle, to decrease our weight and to increase the amount of exercises in our daily life. Exercises has a effect on improving the quadricep muscle strength which controls our knee in a better way.

The Second form of treatment that helps us in osteoarthritis is some analgesics, temporarily when it is inflamed or to do some hot fermentation and wear some supported devices like knee caps and walking braces. Total knee replacement is a resort for oestroarthiritis knees for those people who have pain during their activities of daily living, whose sleep is disturbed because of pain and need to take painkillers for consecutive two or three months.

In case you need any further clarification regarding osteoarthritis or total knee replacement kindly contact
Play video
Osteoarthritis Of Knee Joint

My name is Dr Deepak Kumar Arora. I am joint replacement and orthopaedic surgeon. Today I will tell you about osteoarthritis of knee joint.

Osteoarthritis is a very disabling disease of old age. In osteoarthritis a healthy cartilage of knee is worn down post pain and knee stiffness of knee joint and the treatment of osteoarthritis depends upon the grade of osteoarthritis. In grade 1-2, usually require medications and in grade 3 usually require intra RTO injections which lubricate knee joints. Sometimes in rare cases the patient requires Arthoscopy to relieve the pain in grade 4 if the patient remains symptomatic in spite of all measures then total knee replacement is the best available option total knee replacement nowadays it is very successful surgery.

In total knee replacement we replace the roll out cartilage with body friendly implants and bone and the muscles remain same total knee replacement is a simple procedure of 7 days in which patient remains hospitalized for 7 days first De we investigate the patient for surgical fitness on second day we operate the patient it takes about 2 hours for both knees and third day we start with physiotherapy 4th and 5th day we make the patients sit walk and stand go for washroom everything 7th day patient goes home.

Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice