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Osteoarthritis of the Knee Health Feed

Knee Disorders - 7 Treatments That Can Help!

Knee Disorders - 7 Treatments That Can Help!

The knee is one of the biggest and most complex joints in the body. The knee is joined by the thigh bone (femur) to the shinbone (tibia). The little bones that keep running nearby the tibia (fibula) and the kneecap (patella) are alternate bones that make the knee joint. Ligaments associated with the knee-related leg muscles move the knee joint. Tendons join the knee bones and provide help to the knee:

  • The foremost tendon keeps the femur from sliding in reverse on the tibia (or the tibia sliding forward on the femur).
  • The back tendon keeps the femur from sliding forward on the tibia (or the tibia from sliding in reverse on the femur).
  • The average and horizontal tendons keep the femur from sliding side to side.

Some of the most common knee joint conditions are as follows:

  1. Chondromalacia patella: Irritation of the ligament underneath the kneecap (patella), bringing about knee pain. This is a typical reason for knee pain in youngsters.
  2. Knee osteoarthritisOsteoarthritis is the most widely recognized type of joint inflammation and regularly influences the knees. It is caused by maturing and wear and tear of the ligament. Its indications may include knee pain, swelling and stiffness.
  3. Meniscal tear: Damage to a meniscus, the ligament that supports the knee, regularly happens when the knee is twisted.
  4. ACL strain or tear: The ACL is in charge of a substantial part of the knee's flexibility. An ACL tear regularly leads to the knee popping out and may require surgical repair.
  5. PCL strain or tear: PCL tears can bring about pain, swelling, and knee unsteadiness. These wounds are less normal than ACL tears, and exercise based recovery is generally the best alternative.
  6. Patellar subluxation: The kneecap slides or separates along the thigh bone during movement, causing pain around the knee cap.
  7. Patellar tendonitisInflammation of the ligament related the kneecap (patella) to the shinbone. This happens mostly in competitors from rehashed bouncing.

Some of the most common and effective knee treatments are as follows:

  1. RICE treatment: Rest, ice, compression and elevation stand for RICE. The RICE treatment is a great solution for some knee conditions.
  2. Pain medications: Over-the-counter medicines or pain relievers, for example, acetaminophen (Tylenol), ibuprofen (Motrin), and naproxen (Aleve) can treat most knee joint pains.
  3. Non-intrusive treatment: An exercise routine can strengthen the muscles surrounding the knee, expanding the knee's strength.
  4. Cortisone infusion: Injecting steroid into the knee that can diminish pain and swelling.
  5. Hyaluronan infusion: Injection of a “gooey” material into the knee that may diminish pain from the joint and delay the requirement for a knee surgery.
  6. Knee surgery: Surgery might be done to amend a number of knee conditions. Surgery can supplant or repair a torn tendon, expel a harmed meniscus, or replace a seriously harmed knee.
  7. Arthroscopic surgery: An endoscope is embedded into the knee joint. Arthroscopic surgery has a shorter recovery and restoration period than open surgery.
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Hi, I have osteoarthritis on my right knee and have been playing tennis regularly. It seems to have worsened as I have started limping while walking and find it difficult to walk long distances. What should I do. Can I keep playing tennis.

Hi, I have osteoarthritis on my right knee and have been playing tennis regularly. It seems to have worsened as I hav...
Try to take a break unless it recovers , and start physiotherapy asap along with suppliments to support the cartilage degeneration
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Osteoarthritis - Everything You Should Be Knowing!

Osteoarthritis - Everything You Should Be Knowing!

The most common form of arthritis is osteoarthritis and unlike rheumatoid arthritis, the cause of osteoarthritis is not due to any inflammation such as the immune system attacking the joints. Rather, the cause of osteoarthritis can be attributed to the wear and tear of the protective cartilage on your bones over time. The most common parts of your body which may get affected by osteoarthritis are the knees, hands, and spine. Even though osteoarthritis cannot be cured, it is worth noting that the symptoms can be well managed.

Here is everything you need to know about osteoarthritis:

Symptoms:

  1. Intense pain in your joint: This is the most common symptom indicating that you may have osteoarthritis.
  2. Tenderness in your joint: If after applying a little pressure, your joint feels tender, then it can be considered a sign of osteoarthritis.
  3. Stiffness in your joint and loss of flexibility: If you feel stiff after a period of inactivity such as waking up in the morning, it's likely you have osteoarthritis. This may also mean that you may not be able to make movements you were previously able to due to the stiffness in your joint.
  4. Bone spurs: You may also feel extraneous bits of bone from around the affected joint.

Causes:

The most common cause of osteoarthritis is old age. As you grow older, the cartilage that cushions your bones begins to deteriorate. Without this cartilage to cushion your bones, different bones might rub against one another, thus causing the pain you feel.

Treatment: 

As mentioned earlier, it is not possible to cure osteoarthritis, but the pain can only be managed. Here are the best ways to manage pain from arthritis.

  1. Medications: Depending on how severe your pain is and whether it is chronic or acute, you may be given drugs such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen.
  2. Physical therapy: An exercise routine can be worked out between you and your physical therapist so that your pain reduces and you are able to regain the range of movements you had before you were affected by osteoarthritis.
  3. Surgery: There are a number of surgeries which can be done to reduce your pain; ranging from a simple lubrication surgery by using hyaluronic acid all the way to a complete joint replacement.
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Rehabilitation Exercises For Knee!

Rehabilitation Exercises For Knee!

Rehabilitation exercises for knee osteoarthritis-

Strengthening the muscles of the thigh and lower leg is often recommended for people with osteoarthritis of the knee. Having strong muscles surrounding the joint helps to reduce the stress on the knee joint itself and also helps maintain good alignment of the knee. Maintaining flexibility is also beneficial to reduce stiffness.

Strengthening exercises:
Knee extension-


Straightening the knee against resistance will strengthen the quadriceps muscles at the front of the thigh. This can be achieved in a number of ways, including using ankle weights and resistance machines. One of the easiest ways involves using a resistance band:
The patient sits on a chair with one end of the band tied around their ankle and the other end around one of the chair legs.
The band should be taut when the knee is bent at 90 degrees. The patient straightens the knee before slowly bending it and returning the foot back to the floor.
Perform 10-15 repetitions and repeat this 2-3 times. 

Knee flexion-
Still using the resistance band:
The patient lies on the floor with the band tied around one ankle and the other end attached to something sturdy, close to the floor. The band should be taught when the knee is straight
The patient bends the knee to bring the heel towards the buttock as far as possible, and then slowly straightens the knee back again.
Perform 10-15 repetitions and repeat this 2-3 times. 

Calf raise-

Calf raises are good for strengthening the gastrocnemius muscle which is one of the two main calf muscles, but the only one which crosses the knee joint.
The patient stands with the feet should width apart and close to a wall or chair which can be held for balance if required.
The patient rises up on to the toes, keeping the knees straight, before slowly lowering the heels back to the floor.
Perform 10-15 repetitions and repeat this 2-3 times.
This exercise can be progressed by performing on one leg only. 

Squats-
Squats are really good exercises for strengthening all the main muscle groups of the legs and buttocks. They can start off as very shallow movements and progress until the knees reach a 90-degree angle at which point weights can be added.
The patient stands with the feet shoulder width apart and back straight.
The knees are then bent as if trying to sit on a chair.
The back should remain straight and the knees should not move forward past the toes. Perform 10-15 repetitions and repeat this 2-3 times. 

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Knee Pain - How To Manage?

Knee Pain - How To Manage?

Nowadays most of the woman around 45 and above age group suffers from knee pain. Mostly there is no history of trauma. Most likely they all are suffering from osteoarthritis knee.

Tips to prevent osteoarthritis-

  1. Control body weight
  2. Avoid prolonged knee bending
  3. Quadriceps strengthening exercise
  4. Can use a knee cap. 
  5. Proper calcium and vitamin supplements
  6. Never take pain killers unnecessary
  7. Can take paracetamol 1gm up to 3 times daily
  8. The local ointment can help to reduce pain
  9. Glucosamine can be taken as a food supplement
  10. Consult an orthopedic doctor if pain persists. 
6 people found this helpful

I have osteoarthritis in both knee since last 3 years. Taking ayurvedic medicine. No swelling. Difficult to walk or stand for 5 minutes kindly advice. Allopathic treatment.

First is to consult orthopaedic surgeon to decide whether joint is badly affected for undergoing surgical treatment. If doctor says not very bad or if you are sure you do not want surgery then contact me for capsules treatment.
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Knee Pain - How To Manage It?

Knee Pain - How To Manage It?

Knee pain is a common phenomenon that plagues many individuals irrespective of their age. It can be the outcome of wear and tear, torn cartilage or a ruptured ligament. Medical conditions such as infections, gout or arthritis (painful inflammation and stiffness of the joints) can also lead to knee pain.

Minor knee pain can be eased by self-care remedies such as physical therapy and simple painkillers. However non resolving issues may require input from experts such as pain management specialists.

Tips to manage knee pain:

1. Applying an ice pack in a towel can ease the inflammation and pain. Prolonged continued usage should be avoided especially if the area has impaired sensation.

2. Simple ointments and painkillers available over the counter can be helpful.

3. Rest and avoiding repetitive strain can often help resolve minor problems by allowing the injury to heal and avoiding further damage.

4. To pacify the swelling, try resting your sore leg on a pillow such that it is in an elevated position.

5. In the long run shedding extra weight helps to significantly reduce the stain on knee joint thereby reducing the pain and chances of developing conditions such as osteoarthritis.

6. Regular physical therapy is very useful in strengthening the surrounding muscles contributing to reduced injuries, improved stability and flexibility. Be smart while choosing your method of exercise based on the condition you are suffering from.

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I have very bad spine sir ,mild herniation in c5 c6 and disc degeneration disease in l4 l5 disc protruding since 2013 end and from last 1 years early stage of osteoarthritis in both knee joints sometimes I decide to suicide.

You can do the following exercises for neck pain a person can ease the symptoms of cervical spondylosis with a few simple neck exercises. 1. Neck stretch keep your body straight. Push your chin forward in a way that stretches the throat. Softly tense the neck muscles. Hold this for 5 seconds. Return your head to its center position. Push your head back with the chin held high, and hold for 5 seconds. Carry out 5 repetitions. 2. Neck tilt tilt your head forward so that the chin touches the chest. Softly tense the neck muscles. Hold this for 5 seconds. Return the head to a neutral position. Carry out 5 repetitions. 3. Neck tilt (side-to-side) lean your head down towards either shoulder, leading with the ear. Softly tense the neck muscles. Hold this for 5 seconds. Return your head to the center and repeat on the other shoulder. Carry out 5 repetitions. 4. Neck turn turn your head to one side as far as it remains comfortable, being sure to keep your chin at a level height. Tense your neck muscles for 5 seconds. Return the head to a central position. Repeat on the opposite side. Repeat this exercise 5 times on each side.
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Osteoarthritis - Exercises That Can Help!

Osteoarthritis is a form of arthritis, where the bones in a joint are affected. Arthritis is an inflammatory condition affecting the bones and joints that causes the joints to become swollen and painful. Knee is most commonly affected by arthritis. It is most commonly seen in the ageing population, with females being affected twice more than the males. Knees can majorly be affected by either osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis. Among the two, osteoarthritis has a greater prevalence.

Since the people affected with osteoarthritis are at a greater risk of damage to the bones, it is necessary to consult a physician before beginning any exercise routine. When the physician approves the bone condition for exercises, a physical therapist can be consulted to learn specific exercises from. The exercise routine should be initiated at a slower pace. If any discomfort is observed while performing the exercise, it should be immediately stopped.

While it is necessary to not exert oneself with too many movements due to the risk of pain, incorporation or movements in routine life is necessary. Staying inactive due to the fear of pain while moving does more harm to the knees. Exercises for osteoarthritis-affected individuals are targeted to build strength, improve the flexibility and stamina levels of a person. Routine exercise helps to reduce pain in the knees caused by osteoarthritis.

With the regular practice of exercises, knee pain can be reduced, stiffness of the joint can be decreased and the flexibility of joint can be improved as well. While practicing the exercises, it is necessary to pay attention to the body signals too. If a particular exercise causes pain, then it can be changed in accordance with the patient’s comfort.

Knee arthritis pain can be controlled by a routine exercise regime and a healthy diet.

Exercises:

1. Standing leg lifts –
this exercise helps to improve the balance of the body. It also improves the strength of knees and maintains stability. Overall impact on the knees is reduced by practicing this exercise. This exercise is performed by lifting a leg to the side and then lowering it down. Repeat for around 20 times on each side.

2. Sit and stand exercise – this exercise targets the quadriceps muscles and helps to strengthen the knee joint. The range of knee movement is improved and overall strength of the length increases. The important benefit of this exercise is that it makes it easier for a person to stand up for a longer period of time without any pain.

3. Standing kick back – this exercise helps to improve the strength of the leg muscles and also reduce the stiffness of the knee joint. In this exercise, a person should stand straight and lift a foot off the floor and bend the knee. Heel of the foot should be brought towards the buttocks. This position should be held for a few seconds and then lowered down. Repeat the exercise 20 times.

4. Stretch of the quadriceps – this exercise helps to increase the strength of the quadriceps muscle and also improves the range of motion for the knee joint. To perform this exercise, a person has to lie down on the stomach, bend one knee and grab it with hands. Slightly lift the knee off the floor until a stretch is felt and hold for 10-15 seconds. Repeat on both sides.

5. Stretch of the hamstrings – this exercise improves the flexibility of the hamstring muscles and improves the range of motion. In this exercise, one should lie down on the back with legs outstretched. The right knee should be bent and the back of the thigh should be grabbed with both hands. Slightly pull the leg towards the chest. Straighten the leg upwards and repeat the exercise for 10 times each on both legs.

Practicing these exercises routinely can help to ease the pain of osteoarthritis and also improve the range of motion of the knees. Regular practice ensures an increase in stability, stamina and flexibility of the body.

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