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Osteoarthritis of the Knee Tips

Osteoarthritis - Exercises That Can Help!

MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Ahmedabad

Osteoarthritis is a form of arthritis, where the bones in a joint are affected. Arthritis is an inflammatory condition affecting the bones and joints that causes the joints to become swollen and painful. Knee is most commonly affected by arthritis. It is most commonly seen in the ageing population, with females being affected twice more than the males. Knees can majorly be affected by either osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis. Among the two, osteoarthritis has a greater prevalence.

Since the people affected with osteoarthritis are at a greater risk of damage to the bones, it is necessary to consult a physician before beginning any exercise routine. When the physician approves the bone condition for exercises, a physical therapist can be consulted to learn specific exercises from. The exercise routine should be initiated at a slower pace. If any discomfort is observed while performing the exercise, it should be immediately stopped.

While it is necessary to not exert oneself with too many movements due to the risk of pain, incorporation or movements in routine life is necessary. Staying inactive due to the fear of pain while moving does more harm to the knees. Exercises for osteoarthritis-affected individuals are targeted to build strength, improve the flexibility and stamina levels of a person. Routine exercise helps to reduce pain in the knees caused by osteoarthritis.

With the regular practice of exercises, knee pain can be reduced, stiffness of the joint can be decreased and the flexibility of joint can be improved as well. While practicing the exercises, it is necessary to pay attention to the body signals too. If a particular exercise causes pain, then it can be changed in accordance with the patient’s comfort.

Knee arthritis pain can be controlled by a routine exercise regime and a healthy diet.

Exercises:

1. Standing leg lifts –
this exercise helps to improve the balance of the body. It also improves the strength of knees and maintains stability. Overall impact on the knees is reduced by practicing this exercise. This exercise is performed by lifting a leg to the side and then lowering it down. Repeat for around 20 times on each side.

2. Sit and stand exercise – this exercise targets the quadriceps muscles and helps to strengthen the knee joint. The range of knee movement is improved and overall strength of the length increases. The important benefit of this exercise is that it makes it easier for a person to stand up for a longer period of time without any pain.

3. Standing kick back – this exercise helps to improve the strength of the leg muscles and also reduce the stiffness of the knee joint. In this exercise, a person should stand straight and lift a foot off the floor and bend the knee. Heel of the foot should be brought towards the buttocks. This position should be held for a few seconds and then lowered down. Repeat the exercise 20 times.

4. Stretch of the quadriceps – this exercise helps to increase the strength of the quadriceps muscle and also improves the range of motion for the knee joint. To perform this exercise, a person has to lie down on the stomach, bend one knee and grab it with hands. Slightly lift the knee off the floor until a stretch is felt and hold for 10-15 seconds. Repeat on both sides.

5. Stretch of the hamstrings – this exercise improves the flexibility of the hamstring muscles and improves the range of motion. In this exercise, one should lie down on the back with legs outstretched. The right knee should be bent and the back of the thigh should be grabbed with both hands. Slightly pull the leg towards the chest. Straighten the leg upwards and repeat the exercise for 10 times each on both legs.

Practicing these exercises routinely can help to ease the pain of osteoarthritis and also improve the range of motion of the knees. Regular practice ensures an increase in stability, stamina and flexibility of the body.

1 person found this helpful

Osteoarthritis Of Knee Joints - Exercises That Can Help!

Dr. Anup Dutta 91% (10 ratings)
MBBS, Certificate Course In Rheumatology, MD - Anaesthesiology
Pain Management Specialist, Guwahati
Osteoarthritis Of Knee Joints - Exercises That Can Help!

Osteoarthritis is a form of arthritis, where the bones in a joint are affected. Arthritis is an inflammatory condition affecting the bones and joints that causes the joints to become swollen and painful. Knee is most commonly affected by arthritis. It is most commonly seen in the ageing population, with females being affected twice more than the males. Knees can majorly be affected by either osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis. Among the two, osteoarthritis has a greater prevalence.

Since the people affected with osteoarthritis are at a greater risk of damage to the bones, it is necessary to consult a physician before beginning any exercise routine. When the physician approves the bone condition for exercises, a physical therapist can be consulted to learn specific exercises from. The exercise routine should be initiated at a slower pace. If any discomfort is observed while performing the exercise, it should be immediately stopped.

While it is necessary to not exert oneself with too many movements due to the risk of pain, incorporation or movements in routine life is necessary. Staying inactive due to the fear of pain while moving does more harm to the knees. Exercises for osteoarthritis-affected individuals are targeted to build strength, improve the flexibility and stamina levels of a person. Routine exercise helps to reduce pain in the knees caused by osteoarthritis.

With the regular practice of exercises, knee pain can be reduced, stiffness of the joint can be decreased and the flexibility of joint can be improved as well. While practising the exercises, it is necessary to pay attention to the body signals too. If a particular exercise causes pain, then it can be changed in accordance to the patient’s comfort.

Knee arthritis pain can be controlled by a routine exercise regime and a healthy diet.

EXERCISES:

1. Standing leg lifts – This exercise helps to improve the balance of the body. It also improves the strength of knees and maintains stability. Overall impact on the knees is reduced by practicing this exercise. This exercise is performed by lifting a leg to the side and then lowering it down. Repeat for around 20 times on each side.

2. Sit and stand exercise – This exercise targets the quadriceps muscles and helps to strengthen the knee joint. The range of knee movement is improved and overall strength of the length increases. The important benefit of this exercise is that it makes it easier for a person to stand up for a longer period of time without any pain.

3. Standing kick back – This exercise helps to improve the strength of the leg muscles and also reduce the stiffness of the knee joint. In this exercise, a person should stand straight and lift a foot off the floor and bend the knee. Heel of the foot should be brought towards the buttocks. This position should be held for a few seconds and then lowered down. Repeat the exercise 20 times.

4. Stretch of the quadriceps – This exercise helps to increase the strength of the quadriceps muscle and also improves the range of motion for the knee joint. To perform this exercise, a person has to lie down on the stomach, bend one knee and grab it with hands. Slightly lift the knee off the floor until a stretch is felt and hold for 10-15 seconds. Repeat on both sides.

5. Stretch of the hamstrings – This exercise improves the flexibility of the hamstring muscles and improves the range of motion. In this exercise, one should lie down on the back with legs outstretched. The right knee should be bent and the back of the thigh should be grabbed with both hands. Slightly pull the leg towards the chest. Straighten the leg upwards and repeat the exercise for 10 time each on both legs.

Practicing these exercises routinely can help to ease the pain of osteoarthritis and also improve the range of motion of the knees. Regular practice ensuresan increase in stability, stamina and flexibility of the body.

1 person found this helpful

Fish Oil And Spinach May Reduce Risk Of Osteoarthritis!

Dr. Rajesh Choda 95% (7296 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Zirakpur
Fish Oil And Spinach May Reduce Risk Of Osteoarthritis!

Consuming a gram of fish oil and including some spinach in the diet could help patients with osteoarthritis to ease their pain, and reduce the risk.

Osteoarthritis is a joint inflammation that results from cartilage degeneration. It is a common disorder amongst the elderly which is marked by pain in joints, hands, hips and knees.

The study published in the journal 'Rheumatology' examined the link between diet and the effective self-management of osteoarthritis.

Osteoarthritis is a joint inflammation that results from cartilage degeneration. It is a common disorder amongst the elderly which is marked by pain in joints, hands, hips and knees. The study published in the journal Rheumatology examined the link between diet and the effective self-management of osteoarthritis.

Ayurved too has many tips to heal joint pains.

Here are some age-old remedies that may help.

*DASHMOOLA* **EUCALYPTUS* *GINGER* *HADJOD* **MORINGA* *CURCUMIN* **ASHWAGANDHA

This is not an exhaustive list. Final decision of herbs and/ or other Ayurveda treatment is according to actual damage, degree of illness.

Janu Basti For Knee Joint Pain!

Diploma In Traditional Siddha, B.H.M.S
Sexologist, Bilaspur
Janu Basti For Knee Joint Pain!

The knee joint is called Janu Sandhi in Sanskrit; hence the name Janu Basti is given to the procedure done on knee joints. In this, the knee joint is bathed with warm medicated oil or freshly prepared herbal decoction. Depending on the condition it can be practiced over both the knee joints or on one knee joint. Knee joints are considered as sandhi Marma in Ayurveda (joint type of vital areas) which measure about three fingers (three anguli pramana). So the Janu vasti is specialized knee therapy or massage which rejuvenate the Janu marma.

Treatment Method:

  • The person is made to lie on his back on the massage table (Droni).
  • Reservoir made of black gram dough is built upon the Knee Joint. The dough ring should be such that it covers the knee joint.
  • After ensuring the ring is leakproof, the lukewarm medicated oil or herbal decoction is slowly poured into it. When that cools down, it is squeezed out with cotton gauze and the procedure is repeated.
  • At the end of the procedure, the ring is removed and the affected area may be gently massaged The person is then made to take rest for a short while.
  • Duration of treatment: 30  to 45 minutes

Benefits:

  • Pacifies aggravated Vata dosha in the knee region
  • Restores the lubricating fluid in the joint and maintain integrity of the structures involved in the joint.
  • Removes stiffness and pain in Knee joint
  • Protects knee joints from age-related changes
  • Increases blood circulation; thus strengthens and nourishes the knee joints
  • Improves the mobility of the knee joints (knee flexion and knee extension)

It is indicated in the following conditions:

  • Osteoarthritis of knee joints
  • Osteoporosis
  • Arthrosis of knee joints
  • Chronic pain of the knee joint.
  •  
4 people found this helpful

Different Ways You Can Prevent Yourself From Osteoarthritis!

MCh Ortho, DNB Ortho, MS Ortho, MBBS
Orthopedist, Delhi
Different Ways You Can Prevent Yourself From Osteoarthritis!

Osteoarthritis is among the most common ailments that people on the other side of 50 are affected with. Few of the primary reasons behind osteoarthritis are age, obesity, lack of exercise and weakened bones. Sometimes, osteoarthritis stems from joint injury or some sort of stress on the bones. It leads to acute pain and stiffness and can only be cured through medication and exercise.

The symptoms may vary from mild creakiness in the joints,swelling,mild pain to deformity of the joint,stiffness, difficulty in movement and severe pain. Long periods of inactivity can also trigger extreme stiffness. While it is an extremely painful disease, it does not spread to the other parts of the body. Inflammation of various degrees in the ligaments and joints is the primary cause of osteoarthritis and sustained treatment can only result in abating of pain.

Osteoarthritis is usually treated through detecting the symptoms and through other imaging tests, while joint replacement is a viable solution in severe cases, majority of the patients are managed with non-surgical processes that reap fruitful results while battling osteoarthritis. It usually involves an optimum mixture of exercises and drug therapy. While there are several cures available, prevention should always be a priority.

  • Physical activity: Obesity is one of the primary causes of osteoarthritis. Certain prescribed exercises can go a long way in improving muscle strength and reducing joint pains. However, excessive exercises must be avoided. Lifestyle modifications like avoiding high stress activities (e.g. squatting, sitting crosslegged, stairs and prolonged standing) also help in decreasing the pain. Physiotherapy with a trained physiotherapist is beneficial.
  • Medicines and drugs: Osteoarthritis can be kept under control and averted through specific medications. Drugs can be consumed orally or can be injected directly as per the prescription of the doctor if he or she forebodes an onset of osteoarthritis. Knee lubricants have also been helpful in curing osteoarthritis. For more severe conditions, specified medical attention may be required.
  • Nutritional Supplements: For obtaining relief from joint pains, a proper and healthy diet is necessary. An enhanced supply of calcium, vitamin D and Omega-3 fatty acids is thus mandatory for remedying and preventing osteoarthritis. A healthy diet builds your immunity and prevents such diseases.
  • Surgery: It is done in those patients whom other treatment fails. Surgeries vary from high tibial osteotomy (HTO) to unicondylar knee replacement and total knee replacement. HTO and Unicondylar knee replacement are preferred in younger patients and Total knee replacement is considered in elderly. They provide excellent outcomes in patients suffering from severe Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. These are relatively hassle-free surgeries which go a long way in providing relief. However, you must follow the advice of the doctors thoroughly before opting for this. You should consider surgery if other measures are not working.

Many indications of knee replacements include severe osteoarthritis in x-ray with deformity of the knee causing significant problems in lifestyle of the patient despite all conservative means.

3431 people found this helpful

Knee Osteoarthritis - How Does PRP Therapy Help?

MD - Anaesthesiology, MBBS
Pain Management Specialist, Mumbai
Knee Osteoarthritis - How Does PRP Therapy Help?

Knee osteoarthritis is a common condition affecting the knee joints. This condition results from age related degeneration of joint cartilage and synovial fluid. This results in excessive stiffness, swellingpain and decreased mobility due to loss of lubricant functions of joint cartilage.

Treatment for Knee Osteoarthritis:

Treatment for knee osteoarthritis consists of anti inflammatory drugs, lifestyle modifications and knee exercises. In advanced stages where pain is severe or conservative therapy fails, replacement of knee joint is required. In many cases, knee replacement is not feasible or desired due to various reasons. For such cases, other treatment option is available in form of Platelet rich Plasma (PRP) injection in knee joint.

How is PRP therapy done?

The procedure involves drawing a sample of blood from the patient and then placing it in a Centrifuge machine which extracts the Platelet rich plasma (PRP) constituent from blood.The sample constitutes of platelets (blood cells) which consist of numerous healing and inflammatory chemicals. This PRP sample is injected in the knee joint under sterile precautions. This decreases inflammation, and promotes healing.

Benefits of PRP therapy:

  1. The body’s first response to soft tissue injury is to deliver platelets. Platelets carry cells, proteins, and other growth / healing factors that initiate repair and recruit stem cells. PRP therapy’s natural healing process intensifies the body’s efforts by delivering a higher concentration of platelets within the damaged joint. Research has shown PRP therapy to be very effective at relieving pain and returning patients to their normal activities. Both Ultrasound and MRIimages have shown definitive tissue repair after PRP therapy, confirming the healing process.

  2. The need for knee replacement can also be greatly reduced by promoting repair of cartilage before joint damage becomes extensive. In fact PRP therapy works best when done in early stages of Knee Osteoarthritis.

  3. Relieves pain without the risks of surgery or general anesthesia.

  4. No hospital stay is required. The procedure is performed safely and takes approximately two hour including preparation and recovery time. In fact, most people return to their jobs or usual activities right after the procedure.

  5. Most patients require 2 to 3 sessions of knee PRP therapy.

Side effects of PRP Therapy:

The procedure is free of side effects when done by experienced pain specialists. Since the therapy involves injecting patient's own blood derivative, it is a safe procedure.

4079 people found this helpful

Arthritis And Knee Pain - How Physiotherapy Helps?

MPT - Orthopedic Physiotherapy, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Delhi
Arthritis And Knee Pain - How Physiotherapy Helps?

Arthritis is inflammation of one or more of your joints. Pain, swelling, and stiffness are the primary symptoms of arthritis. Any joint in the body may be affected by the disease, but it is particularly common in the knee.

Knee arthritis can make it hard to do many everyday activities, such as walking or climbing stairs. It is a major cause of lost work time and a serious disability for many people. There are 2 types of arthritis the knee joint in the human body can get afflicted with. They are:

  • Osteoarthritis: The form of arthritis which, with increasing pain, slowly wears down the joint cartilages is called osteoarthritis. This form of arthritis usually affects people after the age 40. The symptoms of osteoarthritis include:

    • Severe pain in the knee joints

    • Pain after walking up the stairs and it subsiding once you are on rest

    • Severe pain after the movement of joints for a long time

    • Pain that becomes worse in rainy days

    • Joints becoming stiff after waking up in the morning but they improve in the latter part of the day

    • Pain which also occurs in the thighs and the genital regions coupled with joints swelling and joints getting stiff after rest.

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis: Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic form of arthritis caused because of the knee joint inflammations. This form of arthritis can occur at any age. Being an auto-immune disease, its symptoms include, but are not limited to:

    • Severe pain in the morning

    • Mild fever accompanying the pain

    • Joints suddenly becoming swollen, red and warm causing, immense pain

    • Sudden stiffness of the joints

    • Pain that increases in cold weather

    • Mild fever, extreme tiredness and weakening of the muscles

Doctors are still doubtful about what exactly causes the disease; but the deformation of the immune system might cause the damage of the joints, causing people who are already suffering from obesity, smokers, and women, in general, more prone to this disease.

When the knee pain is diagnosed as a form of arthritis, the following treatments are suggested:

  1. If you are overweight or obese, losing some of those extra pounds can go a long way in reducing the pain.

  2. Muscle-stretching exercises are effective in keeping the knee joints flexible.

  3. Acupuncture and devices such as knee braces and knee caps can relieve the pain.

  4. Prescribed dosage of anti-inflammatory drugs such as Tylenol, Motrin, and Advil or injections of hyaluronic acid might relieve your pain.

  5. If regular treatments do not work, you might opt for knee-replacement surgery and osteotomy (the process of cutting a bone with the help of surgery) which might better the alignment of the knee by transforming the bone shapes.

Physiotherapy For Knee Arthritis -

Physiotherapy treatment is aimed at improving the symptoms of the disease (i.e. knee pain, swelling, stiffness), and you should begin to notice a positive difference within one or a few physiotherapy sessions.

The main goals of physiotherapy for your knee arthritis are:

  1. Reduce your knee pain and inflammation.
  2. Normalise your knee joint range of motion.
  3. Strengthen your knee: esp quadriceps (esp VMO) and hamstrings.
  4. Strengthen your lower limb: calves, hip and pelvis muscles.
  5. Improve your patellofemoral (knee cap) alignment and function.
  6. Normalise your muscle lengths.
  7. Improve your proprioception, agility and balance.
  8. Improve your technique and function eg walking, squatting.
3948 people found this helpful

Arthritis and Knee Pain - Try Physiotherapy For It!

MSPT (Master of Physical Therapy), Bachelor of Physiotherapy
Physiotherapist, Faridabad
Arthritis and Knee Pain - Try Physiotherapy For It!

Arthritis is inflammation of one or more of your joints. Pain, swelling, and stiffness are the primary symptoms of arthritis. Any joint in the body may be affected by the disease, but it is particularly common in the knee.

Knee arthritis can make it hard to do many everyday activities, such as walking or climbing stairs. It is a major cause of lost work time and a serious disability for many people. There are 2 types of arthritis the knee joint in the human body can get afflicted with. They are:

  • Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis in simple words is wear & tear of the knee joint. This form of arthritis usually affects people after the age 40. The symptoms of osteoarthritis include:

    • severe pain in the knee joints

    • pain after walking up the stairs and it subsiding once you are on rest

    • severe pain after the movement of joints for a long time

    • pain that becomes worse in rainy days

    • joints becoming stiff after waking up in the morning but they improve in the latter part of the day

    • pain which also occurs in the thighs and the genital regions coupled with joints swelling and joints getting stiff after rest.

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis: Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic form of arthritis caused because of the knee joint inflammations. This form of arthritis can occur at any age. Being an auto-immune disease, its symptoms include, but are not limited to:

    • severe pain in the morning

    • mild fever accompanying the pain

    • joints suddenly becoming swollen, red and warm causing, immense pain

    • sudden stiffness of the joints

    • pain that increases in cold weather

    • mild fever, extreme tiredness and weakening of the muscles

Doctors are still doubtful about what exactly causes the disease; but the deformation of the immune system might cause the damage of the joints, causing people who are already suffering from obesity, smokers, and women, in general, more prone to this disease.

Knee Caps & Braces can support the joint. Advanced Knee Braces are now available which can help in improving the gap in between the Knee joint helping with reducing pain and improve walking. With regular usage, it can prevent from getting to the stage of need of Knee ReplacementWhen the knee pain is diagnosed as a form of arthritis, the following treatments are suggested:

  1. f you are overweight or obese, losing some of those extra pounds can go a long way in reducing the pain.

  2. Muscle-stretching exercises are effective in keeping the knee joints flexible.

  3. Acupuncture and devices such as knee braces and knee caps can relieve the pain.

  4. Prescribed dosage of anti-inflammatory drugs such as Tylenol, Motrin, and Advil or injections of hyaluronic acid might relieve your pain.

  5. If regular treatments do not work, you might opt for knee-replacement surgery and osteotomy (the process of cutting a bone with the help of surgery) which might better the alignment of the knee by transforming the bone shapes.

Physiotherapy For Knee Arthritis-

Physiotherapy treatment is aimed at improving the symptoms of the disease (i.e. knee pain, swelling, stiffness), and you should begin to notice a positive difference within one or a few physiotherapy sessions.

The main goals of physiotherapy for your knee arthritis are:

  1. Reduce your knee pain and inflammation.
  2. Normalise your knee joint range of motion.
  3. Strengthen your knee: esp quadriceps (esp VMO) and hamstrings.
  4. Strengthen your lower limb: calves, hip and pelvis muscles.
  5. Improve your patellofemoral (knee cap) alignment and function.
  6. Normalise your muscle lengths.
  7. Improve your proprioception, agility and balance.
  8. Improve your technique and function eg walking, squatting.
  9. Acupuncture and Modalities like IFT/TENS can help in relieving the pain
4268 people found this helpful

All About Knee Osteoarthritis

FFSEM, MFSEM, DIP - SEM GB & I, MCh - Orthopaedics, MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
All About Knee Osteoarthritis

The cartilage is the natural cushioning between two joints. When it wears off, the bones rub uncomfortably against each other as there is no shock absorption. Pain, swelling, stiffness, difficulty in moving and sometimes, the formation of bone spurs are the results of the rubbing. This condition is called osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis in the knee is very common, and can even occur in younger people, though the risk of developing it rises after age 45.

Causes of Knee Osteoarthritis

1. Age: The cartilage doesn't heal as effectively as a person gets older.
2. Weight: The more the weight, the more the pressure on the knee.
3. Hereditary: Genetic mutations and inherited abnormalities like the shape of bones lead to osteoarthritis.
4. Gender: Women over the age of 55 are more susceptible to osteoarthritis than men.
5. Repetitive stress injuries: People like weightlifters and such, who kneel, squat or lift 55 pounds or more, are likely to develop osteoarthritis in the knee due to the constant pressure on their joints.
6. Athletics: Athletes who play soccer, tennis or other sports that involve long-distance running can develop osteoarthritis.
7. Other illnesses: People who suffer from rheumatoid arthritis, metabolic disorders like excess growth hormone or iron overload are at risk of developing osteoarthritis.

Symptoms of Knee Osteoarthritis

1. Feeling pain while moving but it gets a little better after resting
2. Swelling
3. Joints feel warm
4. Knee joints feeling stiff, especially after sitting for too long
5. Getting in and out of chairs, or going up and down a flight of stairs get difficult
6. Hearing a crackly sound whenever the knees move

Treatment for Knee Osteoarthritis

1. Weight loss: Even losing a small amount of weight will relieve stress from the joints.
2. Exercising: Strengthening the weak muscles around the joints through exercise makes it more stable and decreases the pain.
3. Pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs: Non-prescription drugs like acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or naproxen sodium can be taken to ease pain: But if problem persists, visit a doctor.
4. Injections of corticosteroids or hyaluronic acid into the knee: These are steroids that help with the inflammation.
5. Alternative therapies: Topical creams, supplements like glucosamine may be effective.
6. Physical and occupational therapy: Physical therapy strengthens muscles and increases flexibility in joints. Occupational therapy teaches how to do daily things, like housework, with less pain.
7. Surgery: If other treatments fail, surgery is a good option.

5421 people found this helpful

Osteoarthritis Of Knee Joint - A Detailed Guide For Treating It!

MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Orthopedist, Ratlam
Osteoarthritis Of Knee Joint - A Detailed Guide For Treating It!

Osteoarthritis is a Non Inflammatory disease that affects many joints, knee joint most common. In normal joint, a firm, rubbery material called cartilage covers the end of each bone. Cartilage provides a smooth, gliding surface for joint motion and acts as a cushion between the bones. In Osteoarthritis, the cartilage breaks down, causing pain, swelling and problems moving the joint. This disease, that mostly affects women, worsens over the time and should be treated as early as possible.

Symptoms Of Osteoarthritis
Symptoms of osteoarthritis vary, depending on which joints are affected and how severely they are affected. However, the most common symptoms are pain and stiffness, particularly first thing in the morning or after resting. Affected joints may get swollen, especially after extended activity. These symptoms tend to build over time rather than show up suddenly. Some of the common symptoms include:

  1. Sore or stiff joints – after inactivity or overuse
  2. Limited range of motion or stiffness that goes away after movement
  3. Clicking or cracking sound when joint bends
  4. Mild swelling around a joint
  5. Pain that is worse after activity or toward the end of the day

Treatment Options For Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a chronic (long-term) disease. There is no cure, but treatments are available to manage symptoms. Long-term management of the disease will include several factors:

  1. Managing symptoms, such as pain, stiffness and swelling
  2. Improving joint mobility and flexibility
  3. Maintaining a healthy weight
  4. Getting enough of exercise

Physical Activity: One of the most beneficial ways to manage OA is to get moving. While it may be hard to think of exercise when the joints hurt, moving is considered an important part of the treatment plan. Simple activities like walking around the neighborhood or taking a fun, easy exercise class can reduce pain and help maintain (or attain) a healthy weight. Strengthening exercises build muscles around OA-affected joints, easing the burden on those joints and reducing pain. Aerobic exercise helps to improve stamina and energy levels and also help to reduce excess weight. Talk to a doctor before starting an exercise program.

Weight Management: Excess weight adds additional stress to weight-bearing joints, such as the hips, knees, feet and back. Losing weight can help people with OA reduce pain and limit further joint damage. The basic rule for losing weight is to eat fewer calories and increase physical activity.

Stretching: Slow, gentle stretching of joints may improve flexibility, lessen stiffness and reduce pain. Exercises such as is great ways to manage stiffness.

Braces: For varus and valgus deformity of knee joint, brace very helpful like Unloader Knee Brace has importent role in Osteoarthritis knee.

Management Using Medications

Glucosamine/Chondroitin- Glucosamine/Chondroitin 1500 mg/1200 mg daily, they are diet supplement used in mild and moderate osteoarthritis knee. Major component of joint cartilage. Supplements are derived from the shells of shellfish (such as shrimp, lobster and crab) or from vegetable sources. Slows deterioration of cartilage, relieves osteoarthritis(OA) pain and improves joint mobility.

For Pain Management
NSAIDs
Cox-2 inhibitors
Opioids

Intraarticular Injections

  1. Intraarticular Glucocorticoids: Mainly Indicated when pain persist despite of pain killer. Its effective for short-term pain relief < 12 wks. There may be acute flare in pain 48 hrs post-injection.
  2. Hyaluronans (e.g. Synvisc): Its indicated when pain persists despite other agents. Its like Synthetic joint fluid. Pain relief similar to steroid injections. 60-70% patients respond well , pain relief approx 6 months to 1 year

Surgical Management

Knee pain or functional status has failed to improve with non-operative management

Types of Surgery

  1. Arthroscopic Irrigation
  2. Arthroscopic Debridement
  3. High Tibial Osteotomy
  4. Partial Knee Arthroplasty
  5. Total Knee Arthroplasty

Which type of surgery you require it will be decide by your orthopaedic surgeon after clinical and radiological examination.

Joint Replacement SurgeryJoint surgery can repair or replace severely damaged joints, especially hips or knees. A doctor will refer an eligible patient to an orthopaedic surgeon to perform the procedure.
Knee replacement has become the most common form of joint replacement surgery. Between 1991 and 2010, the incidence of knee replacements increased by over 161%, due partly to improvements in the science of knee replacement implants, experience of surgeons, and the growing population of knee replacement patients. Although public perception can be influenced by negative advertising and press, the fact is that knee replacement surgery is one of the most successful surgical procedures performed today.

Success rates and quality of life improvements for knee replacement patients are reliably very high. Nine out of 10 knee replacement patients experience an immediate relief from knee pain, and 95% report they are satisfied with their procedure. Approximately 90% of replacement knee joints last 10 years, while 80% are good for 20+ years, depending on patient health and activity levels. Outcomes vary from patient to patient depend upon level of deformity and grade of Osteoarthritis.

Positive Attitude: Many studies have demonstrated that a positive outlook can boost the immune system and increase a person's ability to handle pain.

Preventive Measures

  1. People with endocrine disorders are prone to osteoarthritis. This includes hypothyroidism. You must immediately begin medications if you are diagnosed with thyroid conditions.
  2. In several cases, osteoporosis is genetic. One may inherit a tendency to develop bone deformities as he/she ages.
  3. X-ray after regular intervals helps the doctors to understand the condition of your bones and joints. This helps to prescribe exercises, medications and diet accordingly.
  4. Yoga helps to maintain joint flexibility and increase bone strength. It also helps to prevent stress and anxiety.
  5. A diet rich in protein and calcium helps to prevent degeneration and brittleness in bones. It is important to go out into the sun once in a while and soak up as much vitamin D as possible. This is a very healthy habit and contributes to the well-being of the entire skeletal systems.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4418 people found this helpful
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