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Osteoarthritis of the Knee Tips

Osteoarthritis - Everything You Should Know!

Osteoarthritis - Everything You Should Know!

There are so many things we take for granted. For example, have you ever thought about how your fingers bend or how your knees open and fold to help you walk? It is only when these simple acts start becoming uncomfortable that we take a closer look at them. Osteoarthritis is a common musculoskeletal condition that affects the cartilage in our joints. As the cartilage breaks down, bones lose the buffer between them and every movement becomes stiff and painful.

Here are a few things you should know about osteoarthritis.

  1. Osteoarthritis is common: Osteoarthritis can affect both men and women but men have a higher risk of osteoarthritis as compared to women. This risk increases with age. Other risk factors associated with osteoarthritis include obesity, genetics, muscle weakness and previous joint injuries. The joints most commonly affected by osteoarthritis include the knees, hips, and spine. It is important to note that though this condition is common, it is not inevitable.
  2. You can reduce your risk of Osteoarthritis: By making a few lifestyle changes you can reduce the chances of suffering from this condition. Controlling your blood sugar and weight are primary amongst these. Regular exercise is also necessary as it increases flexibility and keeps the joints supple. It also strengthens the bones and muscles. If your work involves heavy lifting avoid placing stress on your knees and instead lift the weight with your hips.
  3. Different people have different symptoms: This condition has a very slow progression rate and hence may go unnoticed in its early stages. While some people experience pain in the early stages, others may not realize anything is amiss until an X-ray shows the degenerated cartilage. It also progresses at different rates for each individual. The condition will progress faster in the case of people living with heavy stress or those with a sedentary lifestyle. Some of the common symptoms associated with osteoarthritis include pain, stiffness, and swelling of the joints. Along with an X ray, blood tests will also be conducted to diagnose osteoarthritis. This helps rule out any other type of arthritis. In rare cases, osteoarthritis can cause joint deformities.
  4. Exercise is the best treatment for osteoarthritis: At present, there is no known cure for this disease. Medication can help relieve the pain caused by movement but cannot help stop the cartilage degeneration or help new cartilage grow. However, exercise can be very beneficial. This helps strengthen the muscles around the joint and can even slow down the rate of degeneration. Low-intensity exercises such as walking, swimming, yoga, and cycling are ideal for osteoarthritis patients as they do not put any pressure on the joints.

Osteoarthritis - How To Prevent It?

Osteoarthritis - How To Prevent It?

There are so many things we take for granted. For example, have you ever thought about how your fingers bend or how your knees open and fold to help you walk? It is only when these simple acts start becoming uncomfortable that we take a closer look at them. Osteoarthritis is a common musculoskeletal condition that affects the cartilage in our joints. As the cartilage breaks down, bones lose the buffer between them and every movement becomes stiff and painful.

Here are a few things you should know about osteoarthritis.

  1. Osteoarthritis is common: Osteoarthritis can affect both men and women but men have a higher risk of osteoarthritis as compared to women. This risk increases with age. Other risk factors associated with osteoarthritis include obesity, genetics, muscle weakness and previous joint injuries. The joints most commonly affected by osteoarthritis include the knees, hips, and spine. It is important to note that though this condition is common, it is not inevitable.
  2. You can reduce your risk of Osteoarthritis: By making a few lifestyle changes you can reduce the chances of suffering from this condition. Controlling your blood sugar and weight are primary amongst these. Regular exercise is also necessary as it increases flexibility and keeps the joints supple. It also strengthens the bones and muscles. If your work involves heavy lifting avoid placing stress on your knees and instead lift the weight with your hips.
  3. Different people have different symptoms: This condition has a very slow progression rate and hence may go unnoticed in its early stages. While some people experience pain in the early stages, others may not realize anything is amiss until an X-ray shows the degenerated cartilage. It also progresses at different rates for each individual. The condition will progress faster in the case of people living with heavy stress or those with a sedentary lifestyle. Some of the common symptoms associated with osteoarthritis include pain, stiffness, and swelling of the joints. Along with an X ray, blood tests will also be conducted to diagnose osteoarthritis. This helps rule out any other type of arthritis. In rare cases, osteoarthritis can cause joint deformities.
  4. Exercise is the best treatment for osteoarthritis: At present, there is no known cure for this disease. Medication can help relieve the pain caused by movement but cannot help stop the cartilage degeneration or help new cartilage grow. However, exercise can be very beneficial. This helps strengthen the muscles around the joint and can even slow down the rate of degeneration. Low-intensity exercises such as walking, swimming, yoga, and cycling are ideal for osteoarthritis patients as they do not put any pressure on the joints.
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Osteoarthritis - How Can You Handle It Well?

Osteoarthritis - How Can You Handle It Well?

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a disease that affects the joints (Knee, Hip) in your body. Cartilage covers the joints between bones, protecting and cushioning them. OA occurs when the cartilage breaks down, causing pain, swelling, and limited mobility. Some risk factors for OA include: Heredity, Gender, Age, Overweight and Inactive Lifestyle.

Women who have gone through menopause have a higher risk of getting OA because their bodies slow down or stop producing estrogen, which helps bones grow. OA can also be inherited.There is no cure for OA, however you can manage symptoms and reduce risk factors. If you do develop OA, there are many lifestyle changes you can make to slow the course of the disease.

Jobs that involve a lot of repetitive motion can be hard on your joints:

• kneeling
• lifting
• twisting
• running

Exercise:

Low-impact exercise can improve joint health. Look for activities that include strength training and stretching in addition to aerobic exercise. Regular exercise can help slow down, or even prevent, OA. Exercise helps people by:

• maintaining healthy joints
• relieving stiffness
• reducing pain and fatigue
• increasing muscle and bone strength

Maintain a healthy weight:

Excess weight is one of the biggest risk factors of OA, as it puts extra stress on your joints, which can speed up the deterioration of joint cartilage. Overweight and obese individuals are at high risk of developing OA. Losing weight can help reduce pain and improve symptoms.

Rest:

Exercise can help people develop healthy joints and muscles, but overuse of joints can increase the risk of developing OA. The key is balance. If your joints are swollen or achy, give them a break. Try to avoid using a swollen joint for at least 12 to 24 hours. Letting an injured joint heal helps reduce the risk of developing OA there in the future.

Control blood sugar:

Diabetes may be a significant risk factor for developing osteoarthritis. High glucose levels can speed up the formation of molecules that make cartilage stiff, and diabetes can also trigger inflammation that can accelerate cartilage loss. Keeping diabetes under control and regulating your glucose levels can help prevent OA.

Although there is no cure for osteoarthritis, there are many ways to prevent it and manage its symptoms. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle with low-impact exercise, getting adequate rest and enough sleep, and maintaining a healthy diet and weight are simple ways you can reduce and manage OA symptoms so that you can live a healthy and fulfilling life.

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How To Prevent Osteoarthritis In Old Age?

How To Prevent Osteoarthritis In Old Age?

For Osteoarthritis of knees, there are medications and exercises that can help us avoid any surgery in a lifetime. Do you know Osteoarthritis is a disease that is more likely to develop in case you are aging?

Osteoarthritis is a disease, which affects the joints of your body. It occurs when the cartilages that protect and cushion your bones break down, causing swelling and pain, and may make you immobile. The chances of developing osteoarthritis increase with age as your cartilages start breaking down. Women who are beyond menopause are at a higher risk of getting this disease as they do not produce estrogen, which is essential for bone growth. There are several precautions you should follow for the prevention of osteoarthritis, especially if you are aged. They are as follows:

  1. Manage your occupational risks
    • Certain jobs involve repetitive motions, which cause stress on your joints.
    • If your job or occupation involves a lot of lifting, twisting, kneeling, and walking, you should consult a doctor.
  2. Exercise
    • It is important for you to undertake exercises of low impact, which is very crucial for improving joint health, even if you are aging.
    • You should choose activities that involve strength training along with stretching and aerobic exercise.
    • Regular exercise helps in the slowing down or prevention of osteoarthritis. It helps you in maintaining healthy joints, reducing fatigue and pain, increasing your bone and muscle strength, and relieves stiffness.
  3. Maintaining a healthy body weight
    • Excess weight is a primary risk factor for osteoarthritis, especially if you are aged. It causes extra stress on your joints that boosts the deterioration of your joint cartilage.
    • If you are obese and overweight, your chances of developing osteoarthritis are more. Hence, you should lose extra weight for improving the symptoms.
  4. Rest
    • Although exercise is important for keeping your joints and muscles healthy, you should avoid overdoing them.
    • Have a balanced lifestyle, and when your joints become achy or swollen, give them a break.
    • Abstain from using your swollen joint for at least 12 to 24 hours after experiencing them. Letting your injured joint rest helps in reducing your risk of osteoarthritis.
    • Fatigue increases pain in osteoarthritis patients, and hence you must sleep properly.
  5. Control your blood sugar
    • Diabetes is considered to be an important risk factor for osteoarthritis in aged individuals.
    • High glucose levels may boost the formation of molecules that make your cartilage stiff.
    • Diabetes also triggers inflammation, and promotes cartilage loss.
    • It is important for you to keep your diabetes and blood sugar levels under control for preventing osteoarthritis.

In spite of no specific cure for osteoarthritis, there are several ways of preventing and managing its symptoms. It is very important for you to maintain a healthy lifestyle and a balanced diet, and also to try and keep away from becoming obese.

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How Effective Is Preservation Surgery For Knee Osteoarthritis?

How Effective Is Preservation Surgery For Knee Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis, also known as wear-and-tear arthritis, is a condition where the cartilage between your joints starts wearing out. This condition is common in people above the age of 50 but may affect younger people as well. Osteoarthritis is common in the knee joint and can limit mobility for those affected.

Lifestyle changes and medication can manage the symptoms of the condition, barring the severe cases. In these severe instances, the doctor may suggest joint replacement surgery. Joint replacement is expensive and involves a number of risks. This is why people suffering from severe knee osteoarthritis have started opting for a preservation surgery instead of the replacement of the joint.

What is joint preservation surgery?

Joint preservation surgery looks to heal and rejuvenate the existing joint without replacing it. For people suffering from knee osteoarthritis leading to a deformed alignment of the joint and imbalanced kinematics, joint preservation surgery is a valid option. Furthermore, healing the joint is preferred when the knee osteoarthritis affects people below 50 years of age.

Knee joint preservation Vs joint replacement:

Now that you know what joint preservation surgery involves, you should also understand the benefits of the same against knee replacement.

• In the case of knee replacement surgery, the new joint may not work as well as the doctor and the patient expects. Therefore, even after the surgery, mobility may be severely restricted. However, in joint preservation surgery, doctors will rectify any structural deformities of the joint. This ensures that you recover your mobility after recovering from the surgery.

• The implanted joint in knee replacement surgery may become loose post the surgery. Even though such an instance is uncommon, it does happen from time to time. However, there is no risk of such a thing happening if you undergo knee joint preservation.

Before undergoing surgical procedures for your knee osteoarthritis weigh your options with an orthopaedic surgeon. You may find that joint preservation is better suited to your needs than full knee replacement.

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Knee Disorders - 7 Treatments That Can Help!

Knee Disorders - 7 Treatments That Can Help!

The knee is one of the biggest and most complex joints in the body. The knee is joined by the thigh bone (femur) to the shinbone (tibia). The little bones that keep running nearby the tibia (fibula) and the kneecap (patella) are alternate bones that make the knee joint. Ligaments associated with the knee-related leg muscles move the knee joint. Tendons join the knee bones and provide help to the knee:

  • The foremost tendon keeps the femur from sliding in reverse on the tibia (or the tibia sliding forward on the femur).
  • The back tendon keeps the femur from sliding forward on the tibia (or the tibia from sliding in reverse on the femur).
  • The average and horizontal tendons keep the femur from sliding side to side.

Some of the most common knee joint conditions are as follows:

  1. Chondromalacia patella: Irritation of the ligament underneath the kneecap (patella), bringing about knee pain. This is a typical reason for knee pain in youngsters.
  2. Knee osteoarthritisOsteoarthritis is the most widely recognized type of joint inflammation and regularly influences the knees. It is caused by maturing and wear and tear of the ligament. Its indications may include knee pain, swelling and stiffness.
  3. Meniscal tear: Damage to a meniscus, the ligament that supports the knee, regularly happens when the knee is twisted.
  4. ACL strain or tear: The ACL is in charge of a substantial part of the knee's flexibility. An ACL tear regularly leads to the knee popping out and may require surgical repair.
  5. PCL strain or tear: PCL tears can bring about pain, swelling, and knee unsteadiness. These wounds are less normal than ACL tears, and exercise based recovery is generally the best alternative.
  6. Patellar subluxation: The kneecap slides or separates along the thigh bone during movement, causing pain around the knee cap.
  7. Patellar tendonitisInflammation of the ligament related the kneecap (patella) to the shinbone. This happens mostly in competitors from rehashed bouncing.

Some of the most common and effective knee treatments are as follows:

  1. RICE treatment: Rest, ice, compression and elevation stand for RICE. The RICE treatment is a great solution for some knee conditions.
  2. Pain medications: Over-the-counter medicines or pain relievers, for example, acetaminophen (Tylenol), ibuprofen (Motrin), and naproxen (Aleve) can treat most knee joint pains.
  3. Non-intrusive treatment: An exercise routine can strengthen the muscles surrounding the knee, expanding the knee's strength.
  4. Cortisone infusion: Injecting steroid into the knee that can diminish pain and swelling.
  5. Hyaluronan infusion: Injection of a “gooey” material into the knee that may diminish pain from the joint and delay the requirement for a knee surgery.
  6. Knee surgery: Surgery might be done to amend a number of knee conditions. Surgery can supplant or repair a torn tendon, expel a harmed meniscus, or replace a seriously harmed knee.
  7. Arthroscopic surgery: An endoscope is embedded into the knee joint. Arthroscopic surgery has a shorter recovery and restoration period than open surgery.
2617 people found this helpful

Osteoarthritis - Everything You Should Be Knowing!

Osteoarthritis - Everything You Should Be Knowing!

The most common form of arthritis is osteoarthritis and unlike rheumatoid arthritis, the cause of osteoarthritis is not due to any inflammation such as the immune system attacking the joints. Rather, the cause of osteoarthritis can be attributed to the wear and tear of the protective cartilage on your bones over time. The most common parts of your body which may get affected by osteoarthritis are the knees, hands, and spine. Even though osteoarthritis cannot be cured, it is worth noting that the symptoms can be well managed.

Here is everything you need to know about osteoarthritis:

Symptoms:

  1. Intense pain in your joint: This is the most common symptom indicating that you may have osteoarthritis.
  2. Tenderness in your joint: If after applying a little pressure, your joint feels tender, then it can be considered a sign of osteoarthritis.
  3. Stiffness in your joint and loss of flexibility: If you feel stiff after a period of inactivity such as waking up in the morning, it's likely you have osteoarthritis. This may also mean that you may not be able to make movements you were previously able to due to the stiffness in your joint.
  4. Bone spurs: You may also feel extraneous bits of bone from around the affected joint.

Causes:

The most common cause of osteoarthritis is old age. As you grow older, the cartilage that cushions your bones begins to deteriorate. Without this cartilage to cushion your bones, different bones might rub against one another, thus causing the pain you feel.

Treatment: 

As mentioned earlier, it is not possible to cure osteoarthritis, but the pain can only be managed. Here are the best ways to manage pain from arthritis.

  1. Medications: Depending on how severe your pain is and whether it is chronic or acute, you may be given drugs such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen.
  2. Physical therapy: An exercise routine can be worked out between you and your physical therapist so that your pain reduces and you are able to regain the range of movements you had before you were affected by osteoarthritis.
  3. Surgery: There are a number of surgeries which can be done to reduce your pain; ranging from a simple lubrication surgery by using hyaluronic acid all the way to a complete joint replacement.
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Rehabilitation Exercises For Knee!

Rehabilitation Exercises For Knee!

Rehabilitation exercises for knee osteoarthritis-

Strengthening the muscles of the thigh and lower leg is often recommended for people with osteoarthritis of the knee. Having strong muscles surrounding the joint helps to reduce the stress on the knee joint itself and also helps maintain good alignment of the knee. Maintaining flexibility is also beneficial to reduce stiffness.

Strengthening exercises:
Knee extension-


Straightening the knee against resistance will strengthen the quadriceps muscles at the front of the thigh. This can be achieved in a number of ways, including using ankle weights and resistance machines. One of the easiest ways involves using a resistance band:
The patient sits on a chair with one end of the band tied around their ankle and the other end around one of the chair legs.
The band should be taut when the knee is bent at 90 degrees. The patient straightens the knee before slowly bending it and returning the foot back to the floor.
Perform 10-15 repetitions and repeat this 2-3 times. 

Knee flexion-
Still using the resistance band:
The patient lies on the floor with the band tied around one ankle and the other end attached to something sturdy, close to the floor. The band should be taught when the knee is straight
The patient bends the knee to bring the heel towards the buttock as far as possible, and then slowly straightens the knee back again.
Perform 10-15 repetitions and repeat this 2-3 times. 

Calf raise-

Calf raises are good for strengthening the gastrocnemius muscle which is one of the two main calf muscles, but the only one which crosses the knee joint.
The patient stands with the feet should width apart and close to a wall or chair which can be held for balance if required.
The patient rises up on to the toes, keeping the knees straight, before slowly lowering the heels back to the floor.
Perform 10-15 repetitions and repeat this 2-3 times.
This exercise can be progressed by performing on one leg only. 

Squats-
Squats are really good exercises for strengthening all the main muscle groups of the legs and buttocks. They can start off as very shallow movements and progress until the knees reach a 90-degree angle at which point weights can be added.
The patient stands with the feet shoulder width apart and back straight.
The knees are then bent as if trying to sit on a chair.
The back should remain straight and the knees should not move forward past the toes. Perform 10-15 repetitions and repeat this 2-3 times. 

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Knee Pain - How To Manage?

Knee Pain - How To Manage?

Nowadays most of the woman around 45 and above age group suffers from knee pain. Mostly there is no history of trauma. Most likely they all are suffering from osteoarthritis knee.

Tips to prevent osteoarthritis-

  1. Control body weight
  2. Avoid prolonged knee bending
  3. Quadriceps strengthening exercise
  4. Can use a knee cap. 
  5. Proper calcium and vitamin supplements
  6. Never take pain killers unnecessary
  7. Can take paracetamol 1gm up to 3 times daily
  8. The local ointment can help to reduce pain
  9. Glucosamine can be taken as a food supplement
  10. Consult an orthopedic doctor if pain persists. 
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Knee Pain - How To Manage It?

Knee Pain - How To Manage It?

Knee pain is a common phenomenon that plagues many individuals irrespective of their age. It can be the outcome of wear and tear, torn cartilage or a ruptured ligament. Medical conditions such as infections, gout or arthritis (painful inflammation and stiffness of the joints) can also lead to knee pain.

Minor knee pain can be eased by self-care remedies such as physical therapy and simple painkillers. However non resolving issues may require input from experts such as pain management specialists.

Tips to manage knee pain:

1. Applying an ice pack in a towel can ease the inflammation and pain. Prolonged continued usage should be avoided especially if the area has impaired sensation.

2. Simple ointments and painkillers available over the counter can be helpful.

3. Rest and avoiding repetitive strain can often help resolve minor problems by allowing the injury to heal and avoiding further damage.

4. To pacify the swelling, try resting your sore leg on a pillow such that it is in an elevated position.

5. In the long run shedding extra weight helps to significantly reduce the stain on knee joint thereby reducing the pain and chances of developing conditions such as osteoarthritis.

6. Regular physical therapy is very useful in strengthening the surrounding muscles contributing to reduced injuries, improved stability and flexibility. Be smart while choosing your method of exercise based on the condition you are suffering from.

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