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OCD Tips

Reading OCD - Repeating, Rereading Again And Again!

Ms.Pallavee Walia 91% (227ratings)
PGDRP Rehabilitation Psychology , M.A Clinical Psychology, Certificate in Guidance and Counselling (CGC)
Psychologist, Agra
Reading OCD - Repeating, Rereading Again And Again!

As many of us already know, an obsessive-compulsive disorder often latches on to the things that matter to us most. Do your family and friends mean the world to you? let’s give you harming obsessions. Do you love to travel? OCD will set you up with fears of flying and staying in hotels. The list of possibilities is endless.

One of the obsessions that I often hear about that makes me particularly sad is reading. For so many people, reading is a simple yet vital part of their lives. Whether reading a newspaper for information, a textbook for studies, or a novel for sheer pleasure, OCD can proceed to take these everyday activities and turn them into vicious cycles of obsessions and compulsions.

So how does reading OCD manifest itself? as with all types of OCD, compulsions can vary from person to person. Some of the more common ones include having to read a word, sentence, or paragraph multiple times before continuing on. This could be as mild as having to reread the last word of every page, to something as severe as having to reread a particular sentence over and over for hours. To me, the worst compulsion of all is avoidance, where someone has given up reading altogether because it just takes too long and is too difficult.

One underlying obsession that typically incites these compulsions is the fear of not completely understanding what is being read. Some people with OCD might feel as if they are cheating if they don’t read and comprehend every single word. Or perhaps they feel others might view them as frauds. Even though those with OCD often acknowledge that these obsessions make no sense, they can’t control their compulsions or escape the vicious cycle.

The treatment for reading OCD is the same as for all types of OCD – exposure and response prevention (ERP) therapy. Ideally, the person with OCD works with a competent therapist using ERP, which involves doing the opposite of what OCD demands. So no rereading and no avoiding reading. One example of how this might be accomplished involves covering up words already read and not allowing yourself to uncover them to reread.

So without rereading, how can we be sure we really understand everything we read? well, we can’t. Certainty is an elusive goal and part of ERP therapy is to accept that; there is very little in all of our lives that we can actually be sure of.

I have heard from people who have reading OCD who haven’t read a book for pleasure in years. That is not the way life should be lived! we all deserve the freedom to be able to read if and when we want to. So if you have reading OCD, I hope you’ll get the appropriate help. With hard work, you can soon be curling up with your favourite book.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder - Know More About It!

Dt.Neha Suryawanshi 94% (20456ratings)
M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder - Know More About It!

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder - Know More About It!

2 people found this helpful

Obsessive-Compulsive Behaviour - How To Tackle It?

Mumbai Psychiatry Clinics 88% (20ratings)
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Obsessive-Compulsive Behaviour - How To Tackle It?

Obsessive-Compulsive behaviour is a form of anxiety disorder in which unreasonable thoughts and fears which are obsessions that lead one to do repetitive compulsive behaviour. Root causes of obsessive-compulsiveness are complex and often deep-seated. The underlying emotional states may include the fear of the unknown, not being in control, negative outcomes, failure, rejection, shame, annihilation or embarrassment

One can eliminate mild obsessive compulsion easily, whereas severe obsessive-compulsiveness, require the support of medical and mental health professionals.

When one finds himself pondering or obsessing over an activity, one must try to stop the negative pattern, and provide control and security. A good anchor code stops an obsessive thought pattern and provides fact-based security for new action. One can get it under control and recover from it, however, at the present, there is no cure. It is a potential that will always be there in the background, even when one's life is no longer affected by it.

The treatment for obsessive-compulsive behaviour depends on how much the condition is affecting one's daily life. There are two main treatments, firstly cognitive behavioural therapy which involves graded exposure and response prevention and the second being medication. The cognitive behaviour therapy emboldens one to face one's fear and let the obsessive thoughts occur without neutralising them with compulsions. In the second case, treatment is by medication to control one's symptoms by altering the balance of chemicals in the brain.

Obsessive-compulsive behaviour that has a relatively minor impact on one's daily life is usually treated with a short course of cognitive behavioural therapy. Cognitive behavioural therapy involves exposure and response prevention that is used to help people with all severities. People with mild to moderate behaviour usually need about 10 hours of therapist treatment, combined with exercises to be done at home between sessions. Those with moderate to severe symptoms may need a more intensive course of therapy that lasts longer than 10 hours.

During the sessions, one works with a therapist to break down the problems into their separate parts like physical feelings, thoughts and actions. The therapist encourages you to face your fear and let the obsessive thoughts occur without putting them right. It requires motivation and one should start with situations that cause the least anxiety first. These exposure exercises need to take place many times a day and need to be done for one to two hours without engaging in compulsions to undo them. People with Obsessive-compulsive behaviour find that when they confront their anxiety without carrying the compulsion, the anxiety goes away. Each time, the chances of anxiety reduction and last for a shorter period of time. 

Once one has conquered one exposure task, one can move on to a more difficult task, until one has overcome all of the situations that make one anxious.  It's important to remember it can take several months before treatment has a noticeable effect. It is extremely vital to remember that no one is perfect, nor can anyone recover perfectly.  Even in well-maintained recoveries, people can occasionally mess up and forget what they are supposed to be doing.

5778 people found this helpful

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - How To Manage It?

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry, Residency in Surgery
Psychiatrist, Jaipur
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - How To Manage It?

Do you have a family member or a close friend who is suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder? Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a disorder, which causes anxiety, and is also known as anxiety disorder. The disorder is featured by continuous, uncontrollable and unpleasant thoughts. OCD causes a patient’s mind to get stuck on a certain inclination. Obsessive thoughts and compulsive behavior patterns indicate OCD.
Dealing with an OCD patient

After the initial diagnosis, a patient with OCD enters the stage of acute treatment. The treatment aims at coping with and overcoming the symptoms of OCD.

  1. Education: Patients with OCD should get to know as much as possible about the disorder they are suffering from. You should help an OCD affected patient by providing them with the opportunity to read about the disease and talk to other patients, along with regular appointments with a clinician. A treatment plan has to be developed. OCD patients in an acute treatment stage should be taken to a doctor every week, in order to discuss their progress.
  2. Therapy: Therapy helps them cope with the symptoms of OCDCognitive behavioral psychotherapy is undertaken for treating patients with OCD. This mode of treatment gives the patients psychological tools, which help them resist the ill effects of the condition.
  3. Medication: Medicines are not required for all OCD patients. Some patients diagnosed with the condition are prescribed selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor or SSIs for dealing with the symptoms of OCD. The medicines should be taken for a period of three to four weeks before any results are experienced. 12 weeks are required for a patient to know whether the medicines are working or not. An SRI is ineffective in some cases, and you may be prescribed non-selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor like Clomipramine. This affects the serotonin but has positive impacts on other neurotransmitters in your brain.
  4. Family support: Family members play an important part in helping OCD patients manage their condition by providing constant support, staying calm, and being educated about the condition. OCD patients should be treated with affection and should be complimented often. The observations of the patient by family members help a doctor in determining the patient’s condition. As a family member or close friend, you must never be critical about the patient or state negative comments about his condition. Such feedback causes the patient’s condition to worsen. Family members should discuss all problems they face regarding the patient to a doctor.

Patients who have completed OCD treatment require monthly check-ups with a doctor for six months. A year of cognitive therapy is required to be carried out, along with the intake of prescribed medicines.
 

2996 people found this helpful

How To Stop Mild Obsessive-Compulsive Behaviour?

Dr.Vishal Sinha 89% (80ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Agra
How To Stop Mild Obsessive-Compulsive Behaviour?

Obsessive-Compulsive behaviour is form of anxiety disorder in which unreasonable thoughts and fears which are obsessions that lead one to do repetitive compulsive behaviour. Root causes of obsessive-compulsiveness are complex and often deep-seated. The underlying emotional states may include the fear of unknown, not being in control, negative outcomes, failure, rejection, shame, annihilation or embarrassment

One can eliminate mild obsessive compulsion easily, where as severe obsessive-compulsiveness, require support of medical and mental health professionals.

When one finds himself pondering or obsessing over an activity, one must try to stop the negative pattern, and provide control and security. A good anchor code stops an obsessive thought pattern, and provides fact-based security for new action. One can get it under control and recover from it, however at the present, there is no cure. It is a potential that will always be there in the background, even when one's life is no longer affected by it.

The treatment for obsessive compulsive behaviour depends on the how much the condition is affecting one's daily life. There are two main treatments, firstly cognitive behavioural therapy which involves graded exposure and response prevention and the second being medication. The cognitive behaviour therapy emboldens one to face ones fear and let the obsessive thoughts occur without neutralising them with compulsions. In second case, treatment is by medication to control one's symptoms by altering the balance of chemicals in brain.

Obsessive compulsive behaviour that has a relatively minor impact on one's daily life is usually treated with a short course of cognitive behavioural therapy. Cognitive behavioural therapy involves exposure and response prevention that is used to help people with all severities. People with mild to moderate behaviour usually need about 10 hours of therapist treatment, combined with exercises to be done at home between sessions. Those with moderate to severe symptoms may need a more intensive course of therapy that lasts longer than 10 hours.

During the sessions, one works with therapist to break down the problems into their separate parts like physical feelings, thoughts and actions. The therapist encourages you to face your fear and let the obsessive thoughts occur without putting them right. It requires motivation and one should start with situations that cause the least anxiety first. These exposure exercises need to take place many times a day, and need to be done for one to two hours without engaging in compulsions to undo them. People with Obsessive compulsive behaviour find that when they confront their anxiety without carrying the compulsion, the anxiety goes away. Each time, the chances of anxiety reduces and last for a shorter period of time. 

Once one has conquered one exposure task, one can move on to a more difficult task, until one has overcome all of the situations that make one anxious.  It's important to remember it can take several months before a treatment has a noticeable effect. It is extremely vital to remember that no one is perfect, nor can anyone recover perfectly.  Even in well-maintained recoveries, people can occasionally mess up and forget what they are supposed to be doing.

2027 people found this helpful

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - How To Control It?

Dr.Dipayan Sarkar 89% (127ratings)
MBBS, DPM
Psychiatrist, Agartala
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - How To Control It?

Do you switch off the lights a certain number of times before going to bed? Do you clean your windows even after they have been cleaned more than once in the day? Do you check your locks again and again before stepping out? If yes, then chances are you that are suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). OCD is something which is difficult to overcome. However, the great thing is that it is not something that happens to be untreatable.

OCD is something which affects a range of people and to varying degrees. To some, it may have the effect of making their lives a little unusual, and to others, it can go some way in greatly mitigating the pleasure they get out of living their lives. A person who suffers from OCD keeps on doubting his or her actions, especially when it comes to the possible repercussions of him or her not doing what he or she was supposed to do. This could include a person asking himself or herself whether he or she has put the gas off, or turned the tap off in the bath tub before leaving the house.

Taking control of the obsession

  1. In order to reduce the adverse impact that OCD has on the life of a person, it is important to exercise regularly. This is because OCD is an issue which has a lot to do with the nervous system, along with the brain, and the benefits of exercise on the nervous system can have a meaningful impact.
  2. A lot of the problems a person experiences with respect to his or her health has to do with the amount of sleep he or she gets. It should really not come as a surprise in that case that it is not much different in the case of OCD. When a person does not get as much sleep as he or she normally should, it can cause issues by way of thoughts and ruminations in a mind that is not rested to an extent that is adequate.
  3. Many people seek to control their OCD by trying to avoid the fears they face. However, it should be noted that this is not a good way to go about with it due to the fact that avoidance is very likely to compound the level of fear. Instead, a person who suffers from OCD should make an effort to follow a ritual which involves making sure whatever he or she is afraid of is incorporated in it.

OCD is something which has the potential to scare a lot of people. However, adequate effort and treatment can make sure that it no longer should.

1352 people found this helpful

OCD - Know Reasons Behind It?

MD- Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Bhopal
OCD - Know Reasons Behind It?

OCD or obsessive-compulsive disorder is a mental condition, which traps people in a cycle of repetitive thoughts that push them to do repetitive behaviours. As the name states, the obsession over certain things compels them to do it over and over again. These actions will only help you feel relieved for a short time and soon the cycle starts back again.

Symptoms of OCD

The symptoms of OCD are classified into two groups, one for the obsessive behaviour and the other for compulsive behaviour. Some of the common symptoms for these are mentioned below:

Obsessive behaviours

As the name states, this means obsessing over certain things, which varies from person to person. Some of the things could be:

1. Being scared about making mistakes

2. The fear of being embarrassed in public situations

3. Constantly being scared about contamination by germs, microbes or dirt

4. Doubts about sure and simple situations and the need to be constantly reassured about them

Compulsive behaviours

The obsessions usually result in compulsive behaviours, which you may need to perform to reassure and relieve yourself of the anxiety temporarily. Some of these may include:

1. Trying to constantly arrange things in a certain way and still not being satisfied

2. Thoughts, words and images being stuck in your head throughout the day that may keep you disturbed and cause to lose sleep

3. You may even repeat specific words or actions multiple times as a measure of self-reassurance.

4. Hoarding of items, which have no value

Causes of OCD

Biological factors: Certain chemical imbalances in the brain may lead to OCD, which may happen due to hormonal or biological changes. In fact, certain infections are also known to trigger OCD in people.

Environmental factors: Certain types of mental trauma have been known to trigger OCD as well, such as

1. Office, school, college or other work-related stresses over a long period of time

2. The passing away of a near and dear one

3. Relationship problems

4. Repressed abuses from earlier in life

Treatment

Most treatments of OCD are categorized into two types:

Cognitive behavioural therapy: This is a counselling-based therapy where you may be slowly asked to face your fears and overcome them over a period of time.

Medications: Antidepressants, inhibitors, or antipsychotic drugs or relaxants in various combinations may be used to treat OCD.

Electroconvulsive therapy: Only in the rarest of cases would doctors consider electroconvulsive therapy, if the patient is a danger to themselves or others around them.

2088 people found this helpful

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - How To Administer It?

Dr.Nk Tak 90% (335ratings)
MBBS, M.D. Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Jaipur
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - How To Administer It?

Do you switch off the lights a certain number of times before going to bed? Do you clean your windows even after they have been cleaned more than once in the day? Do you check your locks again and again before stepping out? If yes, then chances are you that are suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). OCD is something which is difficult to overcome. However, the great thing is that it is not something that happens to be untreatable.

OCD is something which affects a range of people and to varying degrees. To some, it may have the effect of making their lives a little unusual, and to others, it can go some way in greatly mitigating the pleasure they get out of living their lives. A person who suffers from OCD keeps on doubting his or her actions, especially when it comes to the possible repercussions of him or her not doing what he or she was supposed to do. This could include a person asking himself or herself whether he or she has put the gas off, or turned the tap off in the bathtub before leaving the house.

Taking control of the obsession

  1. In order to reduce the adverse impact that OCD has on the life of a person, it is important to exercise regularly. This is because OCD is an issue which has a lot to do with the nervous system, along with the brain, and the benefits of exercise on the nervous system can have a meaningful impact.
  2. A lot of the problems a person experiences with respect to his or her health has to do with the amount of sleep he or she gets. It should really not come as a surprise in that case that it is not much different in the case of OCD. When a person does not get as much sleep as he or she normally should, it can cause issues by way of thoughts and ruminations in a mind that is not rested to an extent that is adequate.
  3. Many people seek to control their OCD by trying to avoid the fears they face. However, it should be noted that this is not a good way to go about with it due to the fact that avoidance is very likely to compound the level of fear. Instead, a person who suffers from OCD should make an effort to follow a ritual which involves making sure whatever he or she is afraid of is incorporated in it.

OCD is something which has the potential to scare a lot of people. However, adequate effort and treatment can make sure that it no longer should.

4813 people found this helpful

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - Know More About It!

Dr.Arnab Ghosh Hajra 94% (248ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Kolkata
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - Know More About It!

One of the researches that have come out a few years back suggested that almost every individual has an obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) to an extent. The trouble starts when this anxiety disorder breaches out of control and damages his/her social well-being. What is obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)? Let us have a look at it in detail.

What is obsessive Compulsive Disorder?
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a type of anxiety disorder, where people have a recurring feeling to do an activity with unwanted thoughts, ideas or sensations (obsessions). The recurring feeling can drive them to do the activity repetitively (compulsions). The repetitive behaviors can include simple tasks like hand washing, checking and rechecking things, Cleanliness and hygiene. They have the potential to interfere with a person’s social interactions and his general well being. Our human mindset is made up of thoughts for which an equal action occurs.

For people with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), these ideas continue to dominate them to do the same thing again repeatedly and not doing them causes great distress and agony to them. Most of the people with OCD can recognize that they have the condition, but the imbalances make them unable to stop the occurrences. They usually start at an early stage and continue into adulthood where the condition dominates at its peak. For most of them, an OCD can exist as just a random thought - often disturbing, and they would be helpless in most cases to have control over it. Some of the examples of the compositions include cleaning, hygiene, Checking and re-checking, arranging and mental compulsions.

Treatment for OCD:
So now since it is established that it is an imbalance of the brain let us look at the treatment possibilities. One of the treatments is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy under the Psychiatry Branch. The therapy is an exposure type of treatment where the patients are exposed to the situations where they have basically no control. Through this exposure and in medically contained environments, patients can identify that they can control and monitor their anxiety and depression levels without having to do the repetitive behavior. It can be a bit challenging for the cases that involve mental illusions as they cannot be recreated, but they can be effectively curbed when channelled through alternative means. Also, medications and anxiety reducing drugs along with the psychiatric therapy can help to a great extent in the treatment. Relaxation techniques such as meditation, yoga, and massages also help in having greater control of the disease.

Having a healthy lifestyle and having a general awareness of the warning signs and what do to when the indications occur can go a long way in the betterment of life. It is a slow treatment process and requires a lot of patience for the therapy to be successful. Having patience in a way contributes towards the well-being of the person indirectly.

2619 people found this helpful

Obsessive-Compulsive Behaviour - How To Stop It?

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry, Senior Resident Psychiatrist
Psychiatrist, Indore
Obsessive-Compulsive Behaviour - How To Stop It?

Obsessive compulsive behaviour is form of anxiety disorder in which unreasonable thoughts and fears, which are obsessions that lead one to do repetitive compulsive behaviour. Root causes of obsessive compulsiveness are complex and often deep seated. The underlying emotional states may include the fear of unknown, not being in control, negative outcomes, failure, rejection, shame, annihilation or embarrassment

You can eliminate mild obsessive compulsion easily, whereas, severe obsessive compulsiveness, require support of medical and mental health professionals.

When you start pondering or obsessing over an activity, you must try to stop the negative pattern, and provide control and security. A good anchor code stops an obsessive thought pattern and provides fact-based security for new action. One can get it under control and recover from it, however at the present, there is no cure. It is a potential that will always be there in the background, even when one's life is no longer affected by it.

The treatment for obsessive compulsive behaviour depends on the how much the condition is affecting the daily life of the person. There are two main treatments, firstly cognitive behavioural therapy, which involves graded exposure and response prevention and the second being medication. The cognitive behaviour therapy emboldens one to face one's fear and let the obsessive thoughts occur without neutralising them with compulsions. In second case, treatment is by medication to control one's symptoms by altering the balance of chemicals in brain.

Cognitive behavioural therapy -  Cognitive behavioural therapy can help you manage your problems by changing the way you think and behave in your life. It is the most commonly used method to treat anxiety and depression. It can also be useful for other mental and physical health problems.

Obsessive compulsive behaviour that has a relatively minor impact on one's daily life is usually treated with a short course of cognitive behavioural therapy. Cognitive behavioural therapy involves exposure and response prevention that is used to help people with all severities. People with mild to moderate behaviour usually need about 10 hours of therapist treatment, combined with exercises to be done at home between sessions. Those with moderate to severe symptoms may need a more intensive course of therapy that lasts longer than 10 hours.

During the sessions, one works with therapist to break down the problems into their separate parts like physical feelings, thoughts and actions. The therapist encourages you to face your fear and let the obsessive thoughts occur without putting them right. It requires motivation and one should start with situations that cause the least anxiety first. These exposure exercises need to take place many times a day, and need to be done for one to two hours without engaging in compulsions to undo them. People with Obsessive compulsive behaviour find that when they confront their anxiety without carrying the compulsion, the anxiety goes away. Each time, the chances of anxiety reduces and last for a shorter period of time. 

Once you have one exposure task, you can move on to a more difficult task, until you have overcome all of the situations that make you anxious.  It is important to remember it can take several months before a treatment has a noticeable effect. It is extremely vital to remember that no one is perfect, nor can anyone recover perfectly.  Even in well maintained recoveries, people can occasionally mess up and forget what they are supposed to be doing.

2805 people found this helpful
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