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OCD Tips

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)!

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Symptoms, Treatment, and Self-Help

It’s normal, on occasion, to go back and double-check that the iron is unplugged or your car is locked. But if you suffer from obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors become so consuming they interfere with your daily life. No matter what you do, you can’t seem to shake them. But help is available. With treatment and self-help strategies, you can break free of the unwanted thoughts and irrational urges and take back control of your life.

What is obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)?

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by uncontrollable, unwanted thoughts and ritualized, repetitive behaviors you feel compelled to perform. If you have OCD, you probably recognize that your obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors are irrational—but even so, you feel unable to resist them and break free.

Like a needle getting stuck on an old record, OCD causes the brain to get stuck on a particular thought or urge. For example, you may check the stove 20 times to make sure it’s really turned off, or wash your hands until they’re scrubbed raw. While you don’t derive any sense of pleasure from performing these repetitive behaviors, they may offer some passing relief for the anxiety generated by the obsessive thoughts. You may try to avoid situations that trigger or worsen your symptoms or self-medicate with alcohol or drugs. But while it can seem like there’s no escaping your obsessions and compulsions, there are plenty of things you can do to help yourself and regain control of your thoughts and actions.

OCD obsessions and compulsions

Obsessions are involuntary thoughts, images, or impulses that occur over and over again in your mind. You don’t want to have these ideas, but you can’t stop them. Unfortunately, these obsessive thoughts are often disturbing and distracting.

Compulsions are behaviors or rituals that you feel driven to act out again and again. Usually, compulsions are performed in an attempt to make obsessions go away. For example, if you’re afraid of contamination, you might develop elaborate cleaning rituals. However, the relief never lasts. In fact, the obsessive thoughts usually come back stronger. And the compulsive rituals and behaviors often end up causing anxiety themselves as they become more demanding and time-consuming. This is the vicious cycle of OCD.


Most people with OCD fall into one of the following categories:

Washers are afraid of contamination. They usually have cleaning or hand-washing compulsions.

Checkers repeatedly check things (oven turned off, door locked, etc.) that they associate with harm or danger.

Doubters and sinners are afraid that if everything isn’t perfect or done just right something terrible will happen, or they will be punished.

Counters and arrangers are obsessed with order and symmetry. They may have superstitions about certain numbers, colors, or arrangements.

Hoarders fear that something bad will happen if they throw anything away. They compulsively hoard things that they don’t need or use. They may also suffer from other disorders, such as depression, PTSD, compulsive buying, kleptomania, ADHD, skin picking, or tic disorders.

OCD signs and symptoms

Just because you have obsessive thoughts or perform compulsive behaviors does NOT mean that you have obsessive-compulsive disorder. With OCD, these thoughts and behaviors cause tremendous distress, take up a lot of time (at least one hour per day), and interfere with your daily life and relationships.

Most people with obsessive-compulsive disorder have both obsessions and compulsions, but some people experience just one or the other.

Common obsessive thoughts in OCD include:

  • Fear of being contaminated by germs or dirt or contaminating others
  • Fear of losing control and harming yourself or others
  • Intrusive sexually explicit or violent thoughts and images
  • Excessive focus on religious or moral ideas
  • Fear of losing or not having things you might need
  • Order and symmetry: the idea that everything must line up “just right”
  • Superstitions; excessive attention to something considered lucky or unlucky
  • Common compulsive behaviors in OCD include:
  • Excessive double-checking of things, such as locks, appliances, and switches
  • Repeatedly checking in on loved ones to make sure they’re safe
  • Counting, tapping, repeating certain words, or doing other senseless things to reduce anxiety
  • Spending a lot of time washing or cleaning
  • Ordering or arranging things “just so”
  • Praying excessively or engaging in rituals triggered by religious fear
  • Accumulating “junk” such as old newspapers or empty food containers

OCD symptoms in children

While the onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder usually occurs during adolescence or young adulthood, younger children sometimes have symptoms that look like OCD. However, the symptoms of other disorders, such as ADHD, autism, and Tourette’s syndrome, can also look like obsessive-compulsive disorder, so a thorough medical and psychological exam is essential before any diagnosis is made.

OCD self-help tip 1: Learn how to resist OCD rituals

No matter how overwhelming your OCD symptoms seem, there are many ways you can help yourself. One of the most powerful strategies is to eliminate the compulsive behaviors and rituals that keep your obsessions going.

Don’t avoid your fears. It might seem smart to avoid the situations that trigger your obsessive thoughts, but the more you avoid them, the scarier they feel. Instead, expose yourself to your OCD triggers, then try to resist or delay the urge to complete your relief-seeking compulsive ritual. If resistance gets to be too hard, try to reduce the amount of time you spend on your ritual. Each time you expose yourself to your trigger, your anxiety should lessen and you’ll start to realize that you have more control (and less to fear) than you think.

Anticipate OCD urges. By anticipating your compulsive urges before they arise, you can help to ease them. For example, if your compulsive behavior involves checking that doors are locked, windows closed, or appliances turned off, try to lock the door or turn off the appliance with extra attention the first time.

Create a solid mental picture and then make a mental note. Tell yourself, “The window is now closed,” or “I can see that the oven is turned off.”

When the urge to check arises later, you will find it easier to re-label it as “just an obsessive thought.”

Refocus your attention. When you’re experiencing OCD thoughts and urges, try shifting your attention to something else. You could exercise, jog, walk, listen to music, read, surf the web, play a video game, make a phone call, or knit. The important thing is to do something you enjoy for at least 15 minutes, in order to delay your response to the obsessive thought or compulsion. At the end of the delaying period, reassess the urge. In many cases, the urge will no longer be quite as intense. Try delaying for a longer period. The longer you can delay the urge, the more it will likely change.

Tip 2: Challenge obsessive thoughts

Everyone has troubling thoughts or worries from time to time. But obsessive-compulsive disorder causes the brain to get stuck on a particular anxiety-provoking thought, causing it to play over and over in your head. The following strategies can help you get unstuck.

Write down your obsessive thoughts or worries. Keep a pad and pencil on you, or type on a laptop, smartphone, or tablet. When you begin to obsess, write down all your thoughts or compulsions.

Keep writing as the OCD urges continue, aiming to record exactly what you’re thinking, even if you’re repeating the same phrases or the same urges over and over.

Writing it all down will help you see just how repetitive your obsessions are.

Writing down the same phrase or urge hundreds of times will help it lose its power.

Writing thoughts down is much harder work than simply thinking them, so your obsessive thoughts are likely to disappear sooner.

Create an OCD worry period. Rather than trying to suppress obsessions or compulsions, develop the habit of rescheduling them.

Choose one or two 10-minute “worry periods” each day, time you can devote to obsessing. Choose a set time and place (e.g. in the living room from 8:00 to 8:10 a.m. and 5:00 to 5:10 p.m.) that’s early enough it won’t make you anxious before bedtime.

During your worry period, focus only on negative thoughts or urges. Don’t try to correct them. At the end of the worry period, take a few calming breaths, let the obsessive thoughts or urges go, and return to your normal activities. The rest of the day, however, is to be designated free of obsessions and compulsions.

When thoughts or urges come into your head during the day, write them down and “postpone” them to your worry period. Save it for later and continue to go about your day.

Go over your “worry list” during the worry period. Reflect on the thoughts or urges you wrote down during the day. If the thoughts are still bothering you, allow yourself to obsess about them, but only for the amount of time you’ve allotted for your worry period.

Create a tape of your OCD obsessions. Focus on one specific worry or obsession and record it to a tape recorder, laptop, or smartphone.

Recount the obsessive phrase, sentence, or story exactly as it comes into your mind.

Play the tape back to yourself, over and over for a 45-minute period each day, until listening to the obsession no longer causes you to feel highly distressed.

By continuously confronting your worry or obsession you will gradually become less anxious. You can then repeat the exercise for a different obsession.

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Impulse Control Disorders - Everything You Must Know!

Impulse Control Disorders - Everything You Must Know!

A certain psychiatric condition which causes a person to be functionally impaired in social and occupational settings is known as Impulse Control Disorder. Most of you are granted with the ability to think before you act but it isn't the case for people suffering from such a condition. People diagnosed with this condition are not able to withstand the urge to do something detrimental to themselves or other people.

This condition is similar to other disorders such as kleptomania, compulsive gambling and pyromania to name a few. Although people suffering from this disorder do not plan their acts, the acts they do perform generally fulfill their conscious wishes. Other disorders of such similar nature like Kleptomania and ADHD, which are associated with difficulty in controlling impulses but that is not their chief feature. Patients of impulse control disorder find it highly distressful and are hence often seen to lose control of their actions and consequently their lives.

What causes this disorder?
Some medical practitioners are of the opinion that this disorder is a subgroup of other conditions such as stress, anxiety, OCD and other such. Scientists and researchers are not particularly sure what causes this condition but have determined that it can be caused due to a combination of physiological, emotional and psychological factors pertaining to cultural and societal aspects. Also, certain brain structures linked to emotions and memory functions in and around the frontal lobe are linked to planning functions and impulses.
Some studies show that certain hormones such as testosterone which are associated with aggression and violence may also play a role in forming such disorder. Aggressive and violent behaviors are apparent in people suffering from this disorder. Certain studies have shown a connection between certain forms of seizure disorders and aggressive impulsive behaviors.

People with such disorders are also more likely to contract addiction and mood disorders. Antidepressants are usually prescribed for treating such disorders.

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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - How Can You Deal With It?

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - How Can You Deal With It?

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a disorder that causes anxiety. It is also called an anxiety disorder. The main characteristics of this disorder are uncontrollable, unpleasant thoughts, which are continuing. OCD causes the mind to get stuck on a specific thought or inclination.

For instance, you may repeat a task forty times to ensure that it has been done properly. You will not be able to get it out of your mind. OCD is characterized by obsessive thoughts and compulsive behavior patterns.

Some obsessive thoughts include:

  1. The fear of being defiled by germs or soil and also of contaminating others.
  2. The fear of losing control and hurting yourself or others.
  3. Having sexual or brutal thoughts on the mind.
  4. Extreme focus and devotion to religion and religious activities.
  5. A sense of fear of losing or not having things you need.
  6. Having the assumption that everything would go fine.
  7. The person will become very superstitious.

Some compulsive behavior patterns include:

  1. Inordinate double checking on things like locks, apparatuses and switches.
  2. Over and over monitoring of friends and family to ensure they're safe.
  3. Counting in the head, mumbling nonsense words without meaning.
  4. Devoting a lot of time for washing and cleaning.
  5. Praying without reason and taking part in religious ceremonies.
  6. Accumulating junk material.

Here are some common ways to deal with OCD:

  1. Regular exercise: Exercise is the best natural remedy to prevent anxiety, which leads to OCD. Exercise checks your OCD  symptoms. It makes your nerves stronger and hence you can focus your mind out of obsessive thoughts by yourself, when they arrive. Get at least thirty minutes of exercise regularly.
  2. Connect with friends and family: Social isolation is one of the common early symptoms of OCD. Social isolation can lead to OCD as well. Therefore, you must always stay connected to your friends and family so that you never get lonely and anti-social. Share everything with family.
  3. Sleep sufficiently: Lack of sleep or troubled sleep may lead to anxiety disorders. You need to sleep enough to be away from obsessive thoughts.
  4. Perform relaxation techniques: Simple practices like yogameditation, pranayama  help you grow spiritually, relax your mind and keeps OCD away from you.
  5. Tackle your fears: Instead of avoiding fearful thoughts, let them flow and tackle them face to face. This will help you overcome the fear. Adopt measures so that you can focus on other things and ignore the obsessive thoughts. Distract yourself away from the obsession.
4 people found this helpful

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - How To Deal With It?

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - How To Deal With It?

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a disorder that causes anxiety. It is also called anxiety disorder. The main characteristics of this disorder are uncontrollable, unpleasant thoughts, which are continuing. OCD causes the mind to get stuck on a specific thought or inclination. For instance, you may repeat a task forty times to ensure that it has been done properly. You will not be able to get it out of your mind. OCD is characterized by obsessive thoughts and compulsive behavior patterns.

Some obsessive thoughts include:

- The fear of being defiled by germs or soil and also of contaminating others.
- The fear of losing control and hurting yourself or others.
- Having sexual or brutal thoughts on the mind.
- Extreme focus and devotion to religion and religious activities.
- A sense of fear of losing or not having things you need.
- Having the assumption that everything would go fine.
- The person will become very superstitious.

Some compulsive behavior patterns include:

- Inordinate double checking on things like locks, apparatuses and switches.
- Over and over monitoring of friends and family to ensure they're safe.
- Counting in the head, mumbling nonsense words without meaning.
- Devoting a lot of time for washing and cleaning.
- Praying without reason and taking part in religious ceremonies.
- Accumulating junk material.

Here are some common ways to deal with OCD:

- Regular exercise
Exercise is the best natural remedy to prevent anxiety, which leads to OCD. Exercise checks your OCD  symptoms. It makes your nerves stronger, and hence you can focus your mind out of obsessive thoughts by yourself, when they arrive. Get at least thirty minutes of exercise regularly.

- Connect with friends and family
Social isolation is one of the common early symptoms of OCD. Social isolation can lead to OCD as well. Therefore, you must always stay connected to your friends and family so that you never get lonely and anti-social. Share everything with family.

- Sleep sufficiently
Lack of sleep or troubled sleep may lead to anxiety disorders. You need to sleep enough to be away from obsessive thoughts.

- Perform relaxation techniques
Simple practices like yoga, meditation, pranayama  help you grow spiritually, relax your mind and keeps OCD away from you.

- Tackle your fears
Instead of avoiding fearful thoughts, let them flow and tackle them face to face. This will help you overcome the fear. Adopt measures so that you can focus on other things and ignore the obsessive thoughts. Distract yourself away from the obsession.

OCD is a harmful disorder, and you should take all measures possible to keep away from it.
 

4670 people found this helpful

OCD - How Can You Handle It Well?

OCD - How Can You Handle It Well?

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is also known as OCD. It is a mental ailment that causes specific changes in the brain as well as the behaviour of the patient. It can also cause severe anxiety and lead the patient to consume a lot of time for completing even the most normal tasks. These obsessions are like thoughts, images and even videos playing where the cause of a certain action becomes more profound with the number of imagined risks if it is not done in a specific way, as per the mind of the patient. These turn into repetitive actions undertaken by the patient, where these actions are known as compulsions.

Hence the term: obsessive compulsive disorder. Washing, cleaning, losing control, contamination fears and more are only a few of the thoughts that plague patients suffering from this disorder. While this disorder may not have a specific cure, there are various ways in which it can be managed. Let us look at some of these methods.

Causes of OCD

The exact cause of OCD is unknown. It is generally considered unlikely that OCD develops purely psychologically as a consequence of the way we are brought up.

  1. Genetics and Physiology: It is generally accepted that OCD arises from differences in the physiology of the brain in people with the condition.
  2. Serotonin: Lack of serotonin activity appears to be involved in causing OCD. Serotonin is a calming and inhibitory neurotransmitter, one of its main actions is to control and put the brakes on painful, worrying or anxious thoughts.
  3. Traumatic Life Events: Traumatic emotional events such as bereavement may trigger or worsen OCD in people who already have a tendency to have the condition.

Treatment of OCD:

For best results in treating this troublesome anxiety disorder combine brain-chemistry balancing approaches with psychotherapy techniques.

  1. Nutritional Therapy: Try tryptophan and St John's Wort to increase serotonin. Rhodiola has been shown to help generalised anxiety disorder however Rhodiola has the ability to raise 'brain energy' and therefore hypothetically may exa-sperate OCD symptoms. 
  2. The Inositol Treatment of OCD: Inositol, one of the B vitamins, has been found effective in treating OCD. Inositol is used in biochemical processes that affect serotonin receptors.
  3. Psychotherapy: This is also known as discussion or talk therapy where the patient is allowed to engage with a therapist who is usually a psychiatrist or a clinical psychologist. The doctor will help the patient in first of all, becoming aware of the problem by helping the patient carry out various tasks in a controlled environment. These tasks will be timed and then relayed to the patient before the exposure therapy begins, where the patient will be taught to build a better quality of life. This a long term and time taking process which can also involve group sessions and sessions with the family members. Also, this method takes a lot of practice so that the patient learns how to regulate the obsessions and stop the compulsive behaviour gradually.
  4. Exercise: Numerous studies have shown the benefits of exercise upon mental health. So, a minimum of 20mins of daily exercise can help you a lot.
  5. Relaxation Training & MeditationLearning meditation and relaxation techniques may enhance one's ability to control anxiety and one's thoughts in general.
  6. Medication: There are various kinds of medicines that can be prescribed for these patients. Anti-depressants can help the patient in overcoming the fears and anxiety that a person feels when the wheels of one's imagination begin to turn towards obsessive thoughts. This will also help in tackling the hopelessness that the person feels when faced with the so called depressing outcome of not bowing to the compulsive habits.

Putting It All Together:

  • Follow the diet for serotonin deficient depression, and GABA deficient anxiety.
  • Consult with a qualified therapist using behavioural rather than analytical techniques.
  • Do some repetitive mind-occupying/filling as opposed to mind-emptying meditations everyday.
3964 people found this helpful

How To Stop Mild Obsessive-Compulsive Behaviour?

How To Stop Mild Obsessive-Compulsive Behaviour?

Obsessive - Compulsive behaviour is form of anxiety disorder in which unreasonable thoughts and fears which are obsessions that lead one to do repetitive compulsive behaviour. Root causes of obsessive-compulsiveness are complex and often deep-seated. The underlying emotional states may include the fear of unknown, not being in control, negative outcomes, failure, rejection, shame, annihilation or embarrassment.

One can eliminate mild obsessive compulsion easily, where as severe obsessive-compulsiveness, require support of medical and mental health professionals.

When one finds himself pondering or obsessing over an activity, one must try to stop the negative pattern, and provide control and security. A good anchor code stops an obsessive thought pattern, and provides fact-based security for new action. One can get it under control and recover from it, however at the present, there is no cure. It is a potential that will always be there in the background, even when one's life is no longer affected by it.

The treatment for obsessive compulsive behaviour depends on the how much the condition is affecting one's daily life. There are two main treatments, firstly cognitive behavioural therapy which involves graded exposure and response prevention and the second being medication. The cognitive behaviour therapy emboldens one to face ones fear and let the obsessive thoughts occur without neutralising them with compulsions. In second case, treatment is by medication to control one's symptoms by altering the balance of chemicals in brain.

Obsessive compulsive behaviour that has a relatively minor impact on one's daily life is usually treated with a short course of cognitive behavioural therapy. Cognitive behavioural therapy involves exposure and response prevention that is used to help people with all severities. People with mild to moderate behaviour usually need about 10 hours of therapist treatment, combined with exercises to be done at home between sessions. Those with moderate to severe symptoms may need a more intensive course of therapy that lasts longer than 10 hours.

During the sessions, one works with therapist to break down the problems into their separate parts like physical feelings, thoughts and actions. The therapist encourages you to face your fear and let the obsessive thoughts occur without putting them right. It requires motivation and one should start with situations that cause the least anxiety first. These exposure exercises need to take place many times a day, and need to be done for one to two hours without engaging in compulsions to undo them. People with Obsessive compulsive behaviour find that when they confront their anxiety without carrying the compulsion, the anxiety goes away. Each time, the chances of anxiety reduces and last for a shorter period of time. 

Once one has conquered one exposure task, one can move on to a more difficult task, until one has overcome all of the situations that make one anxious.  It's important to remember it can take several months before a treatment has a noticeable effect. It is extremely vital to remember that no one is perfect, nor can anyone recover perfectly.  Even in well-maintained recoveries, people can occasionally mess up and forget what they are supposed to be doing.

How Do You Know If You Have OCD?

How Do You Know If You Have OCD?

Many live with certain disorders without being aware of it. It is possible that someone close to you is living with OCD, and knowing the symptoms is crucial to diagnose the problem accurately and the treatment can be started as early as possible. 

OCD or the obsessive-compulsive disorder refers to excessive thoughts leading to repetitive behavior or erratic personal behavior. This long-lasting and chronic mental disorder induces recurring and uncontrollable thoughts in a person. These types of behavior are medically referred to as ‘obsessions' and ‘compulsions'.

Patients suffering from the disorder feel a strong urge to repeat certain actions over and over again. These actions may include compulsive cleaning of the immediate domestic environment, washing hands or clothes, checking on things, etc. These behavior patterns may lead to severe disruptions in the daily life of the affected individuals.

How do you know if you have OCD?
Some of the common symptoms of obsession are fear of dirt or physical ‘contamination’, a constant urge to properly arrange or re-arrange domestic objects, having aggressive and sexual thoughts, harboring a desire to harm oneself or others, etc. Common examples of such thoughts include an irrational fear of physical ‘contamination’, feeling depressed at the sight of a lack of symmetry, thinking about acting inappropriately, shouting obscenities, etc.

Some of the common symptoms of OCD include repeatedly washing hands, compulsive counting, checking again and again on certain things, etc. For instance, patients may frequently check whether doors and windows have been secured inside an apartment, or whether the oven is switched on or switched off, etc.

What can influence such behavior?
OCD is an outcome of imperfect brain structure or specific chemical abnormalities in the brain. Genetics is also a possible causative factor. No one single reason is found as the main cause of this psychological disorder. Therefore, the exact reason behind this mental disorder eludes science till date. Many studies indicate that environmental factors may trigger this mental condition. For example, sexual or physical abuse in childhood or infections like streptococcal can trigger the subsequent development of OCD.

How can OCD be managed?
OCD can be treated with psychotherapy, medication, and a combination of both. The ideal treatment is determined by the condition of the patient and to which mode of treatment he or she is most responsive. When opting for antipsychotic medication, one needs to discuss this with his or her doctor to understand the benefits and side effects before commencing the medication. When it comes to treating the children or the adults, psychotherapy offers the most effective results.

Patients and their caregivers must realize that OCD does not have a surefire cure. Therefore, it may last for years or sometimes even a lifetime. However, proper psychological evaluation, therapies, and treatment should prevent the condition from worsening. These interventions help in controlling and managing the symptoms to ensure a long normal life. Patients are advised to visit a psychologist in case they identify any signs of OCD because early detection is the first step to effective treatment.

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एंग्जायटी डिसऑर्डर इन हिंदी - Anxiety Disorder In Hindi!

एंग्जायटी डिसऑर्डर इन हिंदी - Anxiety Disorder In Hindi!

एक कहावत है – चिता आदमी को मरने के बाद जलाती है लेकिन चिंता एंग्जायटी (Anxiety) आदमी को ज़िंदा जलाती है. इस कहावत से ही आप चिंता की समस्या के गंभीरता को समझ सकते हैं. दरअसल ये अपने आप में एक बिमारी होने के साथ ही कई बीमारियों की जड़ भी है. इस बिमारी में हमें मुख्य रूप से दुःख, बुरा महसूस करना, दैनिक गतिविधियों में रुचि या खुशी ना रखना आदि लक्षण दिखाई पड़ते हैं. जाहिर है इससे हम भी इन सभी बातों से भी लगभग परिचित ही होते हैं. यदि ये लक्षण थोड़े समय तक दिखाई दें तो ज्यादा परेशान होने की बात नहीं है लेकिन जब यही सारे लक्षण हमारे जीवन में अधिक समय तक रहते हैं तब ये हमें बहुत अधिक प्रभावित करते हैं. ये स्थिति बेहद चिंता से भरी होती है. आइए इस लेख के माध्यम से हम एंग्जायटी (Anxiety) डिसऑर्डर के बारे में और विस्तार से जानने का प्रयास करें ताकि लोग इसके बारे में जागरूक हों और समय रहते इसे दूर करने के लिए कोई कदम उठा सकें.

एंग्जायटी (Anxiety) की गंभीरता-
विश्व स्वास्थ्य संगठन के चिंता की परिभाषा के अनुसार दुनिया भर में एंग्जायटी सबसे सामान्य बीमारी है. आपको जानकर हैरानी होगी कि दुनिया भर में लगभग 350 मिलियन लोग चिंता से प्रभावित हैं. चिंता एक मानसिक स्वास्थ्य विकार है जो कि कुछ दिनों की समस्या न होकर, ये एक लम्बी बीमारी है. चिंता जैसा ही लगने वाली एक और समस्या है मूड का उतार-चढ़ाव. लेकिन आपको बता दें कि ये चिंता से अलग है. मूड का उतार-चढ़ाव तो हम अपने सामान्य और स्वस्थ जीवन में भी अनुभव करते ही रहते हैं. लेकिन हमारे दैनिक जीवन में आने वाली चुनौतियों के प्रति हमारी अस्थायी भावुक प्रतिक्रियाएं चिंता को जन्म नहीं दे पाती हैं. जैसे कि जब हमारे किसी करीबी की मौत होती है और हम दुखी होते हैं तो वो भावना चिंता की श्रेणी में नहीं आती है. लेकिन यही दुःख जब लम्बे समय तक बरकरार रह जाती है चिंता की समस्या हो सकती है.

चिंता संबंधी विकार (Anxiety disorders)-
मानसिक बीमारियों का एक समूह है, इनके कारण जो दिक्कतें पैदा होती हैं वह आपको अपना जीवन सामान्य रूप से व्यतीत करने से रोक सकता हैं. जो लोग एंग्जायटी से ग्रस्त होते हैं उन्हें, निरंतर चिंता और भय रहता है, वे अक्षम हो सकते हैं लेकिन सही उपचार के साथ, बहुत से लोग उन भावनाओं को प्रबंधित कर सकते हैं और अपना जीवन सामान्य रूप से जी सकते हैं. चिंता विकार एक अपने आप हो जाने वाली, अज्ञात या अनियंत्रित बीमारी नहीं है, जो पारिवारिक कारणों या किसी के संपर्क में आने से हो जाए. यह एक निश्चित प्रकार के व्यवहार के कारण होता है.

एंग्जायटी (Anxiety) विकार के कुछ सामान्य प्रकार-

  1. सामान्यकृत चिंता विकार (GAD): - में रोग ग्रस्त व्यक्ति किसी स्पष्ट कारण के बिना अत्यधिक चिंता करता है. जीएडी का निदान तब किया जाता है जब कुछ चीजों के बारे में अत्यधिक चिंताएं छह महीने या उससे अधिक समय तक रहती हैं.
     
  2. सामाजिक चिंता विकार: - सामाजिक परिस्थितियों का सामना करने में लगने वाला भय और दूसरों के द्वारा अपमानित होने का गंभीर सामाजिक भय है. इसमें रोगी अकेला और शर्मिंदा महसूस हो सकता है.
     
  3. पोस्ट-ट्रोमैटिक तनाव विकार (PTSD): - यह तब विकसित होता है जब आप कुछ दर्दनाक अनुभव करते हैं. इसके लक्षण तुरंत नज़र आ सकते हैं या कुछ समय बाद नज़र आने शुरू हो सकते हैं इसके कारणों में युद्ध, प्राकृतिक आपदाएं या शारीरिक हमले शामिल हैं
     
  4. जुनूनी-बाध्यकारी विकार (OCD): - भी एंग्जायटी का एक प्रकार है. OCD से ग्रस्त लोग बार-बार कोई विशेष प्रकार का कार्य करने की इच्छा से अभिभूत होते हैं जैसे की बार बार हाथ धोना, सफाई करना, गणना करना आदि.
     
  5. फोबिया: - भी एंग्जायटी का ही प्रकार है उदहारण के तौर पर तंग बंद स्थान से डर और ऊंचाइयों से डर शामिल हैं. इस स्थिति में भयग्रस्त वस्तु या स्थिति से बचने की तीव्र इच्छा होती है.
     
  6. पैनिक विकार: - के कारण, पैनिक अटैक होता है जो गहन चिंता और डर का कारण बनता है. इसके शारीरिक लक्षणों में अनियमित दिल की धड़कनें, घबराहट, छाती में दर्द और सांस लेने में तकलीफ शामिल हैँ. ये किसी भी समय हो सकता है. किसी भी प्रकार की एंग्जायटी से ग्रस्त लोगों को पैनिक अटैक हो सकते हैं.


एंग्जायटी का चिकित्सकीय परीक्षण कैसे होता है?
यदि आपको एंग्जायटी विकार के लक्षण हैं, तो आपके डॉक्टर आपकी जांच करेंगे और आपके मेडिकल इतिहास की मांग करेंगे. वह आपके मानसिक विकार से सम्बंधित कुछ परिक्षण कर सकते हैं. हालांकि, एंग्जायटी विकार का निदान करने के लिए कोई विशेष परिक्षण नहीं है. यदि आपके डॉक्टर को कोई मेडिकल कारण नहीं मिल रहा है, तो वह आपको एक मनोचिकित्सक, मनोवैज्ञानिक या किसी अन्य मानसिक स्वास्थ्य विशेषज्ञ के पास जाने की सलाह दे सकते हैँ. ये डॉक्टर आपसे सवाल पूछेंगे और उपकरण एवं परीक्षण का इस्तेमाल करके पता लगाने का प्रयास करेंगे कि आपको एंग्जायटी विकार है या नहीं. आपका डॉक्टर आपका निदान करते समय आपके लक्षणों की अवधि और तीव्रता पर विचार करेंगे. वह यह भी देखेंगे कि क्या इसके लक्षणों के कारण आपको अपनी सामान्य गतिविधियों को पूरा करने में समस्या हो रही हैं या नहीं.

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How To Stop Mild Obsessive-Compulsive Behaviour?

How To Stop Mild Obsessive-Compulsive Behaviour?

Obsessive-Compulsive behaviour is form of anxiety disorder in which unreasonable thoughts and fears which are obsessions that lead one to do repetitive compulsive behaviour. Root causes of obsessive-compulsiveness are complex and often deep-seated. The underlying emotional states may include the fear of unknown, not being in control, negative outcomes, failure, rejection, shame, annihilation or embarrassment

One can eliminate mild obsessive compulsion easily, where as severe obsessive-compulsiveness, require support of medical and mental health professionals.

When one finds himself pondering or obsessing over an activity, one must try to stop the negative pattern, and provide control and security. A good anchor code stops an obsessive thought pattern, and provides fact-based security for new action. One can get it under control and recover from it, however at the present, there is no cure. It is a potential that will always be there in the background, even when one's life is no longer affected by it.

The treatment for obsessive compulsive behaviour depends on the how much the condition is affecting one's daily life. There are two main treatments, firstly cognitive behavioural therapy which involves graded exposure and response prevention and the second being medication. The cognitive behaviour therapy emboldens one to face ones fear and let the obsessive thoughts occur without neutralising them with compulsions. In second case, treatment is by medication to control one's symptoms by altering the balance of chemicals in brain.

Obsessive compulsive behaviour that has a relatively minor impact on one's daily life is usually treated with a short course of cognitive behavioural therapy. Cognitive behavioural therapy involves exposure and response prevention that is used to help people with all severities. People with mild to moderate behaviour usually need about 10 hours of therapist treatment, combined with exercises to be done at home between sessions. Those with moderate to severe symptoms may need a more intensive course of therapy that lasts longer than 10 hours.

During the sessions, one works with therapist to break down the problems into their separate parts like physical feelings, thoughts and actions. The therapist encourages you to face your fear and let the obsessive thoughts occur without putting them right. It requires motivation and one should start with situations that cause the least anxiety first. These exposure exercises need to take place many times a day, and need to be done for one to two hours without engaging in compulsions to undo them. People with Obsessive compulsive behaviour find that when they confront their anxiety without carrying the compulsion, the anxiety goes away. Each time, the chances of anxiety reduces and last for a shorter period of time. 

Once one has conquered one exposure task, one can move on to a more difficult task, until one has overcome all of the situations that make one anxious.  It's important to remember it can take several months before a treatment has a noticeable effect. It is extremely vital to remember that no one is perfect, nor can anyone recover perfectly.  Even in well-maintained recoveries, people can occasionally mess up and forget what they are supposed to be doing.

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All About Impulse Control Disorders!

All About Impulse Control Disorders!

A certain psychiatric condition which causes a person to be functionally impaired in social and occupational settings is known as Impulse Control Disorder. Most of you are granted with the ability to think before you act but it isn't the case for people suffering with such a condition. People diagnosed with this condition are not able to withstand the urge to do something detrimental to themselves or other people.

This condition is similar to other disorders such as kleptomania, compulsive gambling and pyromania to name a few. Although people suffering from this disorder do not plan their acts, the acts they do perform generally fulfill their conscious wishes. Other disorders of such similar nature like Kleptomania and ADHD, which are associated with difficulty in controlling impulses but that is not their chief feature. Patients of impulse control disorder find it highly distressful and are hence often seen to lose control of their actions and consequently their lives.

What causes this disorder?

Some medical practitioners are of the opinion that this disorder is a subgroup of other conditions such as stress, anxiety, OCD and other such. Scientists and researchers are not particularly sure what causes this condition but have determined that it can be caused due to a combination of physiological, emotional and psychological factors pertaining to cultural and societal aspects. Also, certain brain structures linked to emotions and memory functions in and around the frontal lobe are linked to planning functions and impulses.
Some studies show that certain hormones such as testosterone which are associated with aggression and violence may also play a role in forming such disorder. Aggressive and violent behaviors are apparent in people suffering from this disorder. Certain studies have shown a connection between certain forms of seizure disorders and aggressive impulsive behaviors.

People with such disorders are also more likely to contract addiction and mood disorders. Antidepressants are usually prescribed in treating such disorders.

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