Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Treatment, Procedure, Cost And Side Effects

What is Obstructive Sleep Apnea? Are there any diagnosis for obstructive sleep apnea? What are the causes of Obstructive Sleep Apnea? What are the symptoms of Obstructive Sleep Apnea? What are the treatments of Obstructive Sleep Apnea? Who Is at Risk for Obstructive Sleep Apnea?

What is Obstructive Sleep Apnea?

Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a situation in which breathing process in the human body stops grudgingly for prolonged period during sleep. the particular period when breathing stops is, in medical terms, know as apnea or apneic episodes. During the process of OSA, the normal flow of air is frequently halted throughout the sleep. The main cause of halted flow of air is, the airway space in the throat is too narrow. Obstructive Sleep Apnea subsequently causes snoring when the airflow being obstructively passing through the narrowed airway space.

Are there any diagnosis for obstructive sleep apnea?

In order to track how many times your breathing was impaired during sleep, the physician will ask about your sleep. You may also require to undergo a sleep study done at your house or at sleep lab. And, the following things will be monitored:

  1. Eye movements
  2. Air flow
  3. Blood oxygen levels
  4. Breathing patterns
  5. Electrical activity of the brain
  6. Heart rate
  7. Muscle activity

What are the causes of Obstructive Sleep Apnea?

Obstructive Sleep Apnea is more likely to affect the people in their old age and people who are overweight. Various researches have shown that weight loss causes significant improvement in Sleep Apnea symptoms. Sleeping on the backside can provoke the chances of sleep apnea to happen.

Weight and obesity, associated with soft tissue of the mouth and throat, is the most common cause of obstructive sleep apnea in adults. The soft tissue can cause the airway to become blocked during sleep, when throat and tongue muscles are more relaxed. But many other factors also are associated with the condition in adults.

In children, enlarged tonsils or adenoids and dental conditions such as a large overbite are considered to be some of the main causes of obstructive sleep apnea. A tumor or growth in the airway, and birth defects such as Down syndrome and Pierre-Robin syndrome are also stretches the list as less common cause. Syndrome causes enlargement of the tongue, adenoids and tonsils and there is decreased muscle tone in the upper airway. Although childhood obesity may cause obstructive sleep apnea, it's much less commonly associated with the condition than adult obesity.

If left untreated obstructive sleep apnea can lead to serious complications, including cardiovascular disease, accidents, and premature death, regardless of age. So appropriate medical evaluation is important that anyone with signs and symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea -- especially loud snoring and repeated nighttime awakenings followed by excessive daytime sleepiness.

What are the symptoms of Obstructive Sleep Apnea?

Sleep Apnea may result in the decreased oxygen supply to the brain and other body parts. In addition, poor sleep quality causes daytime drowsiness and lack of clarity in the morning. People suffering with sleep apnea may experience such symptoms:

  1. Loud snoring
  2. Gasping for air during sleep
  3. Awakening with a dry mouth
  4. Morning headache
  5. Difficulty staying asleep
  6. Excessive daytime sleepiness
  7. Irritability
  8. Headaches
  9. Feeling disgruntled
  10. Forgetfulness
  11. Drowsiness
  12. Worsening depression
  13. Loss of interest in sex

What are the treatments of Obstructive Sleep Apnea?

Here are some of the most commonly used treatments for Obstructive Sleep Apnea:

  1. Avoid alcohol and sleeping pills
  2. Sleeping on your side, if you only get mild sleep apnea when you sleep on your back.
  3. Weight loss, if needed
  4. Nasal sprays, if nasal congestion make it inconvenient to breathe while you sleep.
  5. CPAP machine. It includes a mask that a person wears over the nose or mouth, or both. An air blower forces uninterrupted air through the nose or mouth.

Who Is at Risk for Obstructive Sleep Apnea?

Risk for Obstructive Sleep Apnea increases if you have conditions or features that narrow the upper airway. Risk factors of Obstructive Sleep Apnea include:

  1. Children with large tonsils and adenoids
  2. Men with a collar size of 17 inches or more
  3. Women with a collar size of 16 inches or more
  4. Large tongue, which can block the airway.

Popular Questions & Answers

I have been suffering from sever sleep apnea and using cpap. Is there any treatment to avoid cpap. Another my problem is high triglycerides in between 400 to 800 as per my food intake it is all of our family history.

MD - Medicine, MD - Pulmonary Medicine
Pulmonologist, Pune
1.OSA is not a good thing to have 2. Get PFT and ECG also 3. CPAP or BIPAP are important treatment options 4. Reduce your weight, bring BMI down to 20.
7 people found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Sleep Apnea - 7 Ways it Can Be Treated!

MS - ENT, MBBS
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Sleep Apnea - 7 Ways it Can Be Treated!
Sleep apnea is a potentially dangerous sleep disorder in which you stop and start breathing frequently while you are sleeping. Symptoms of sleep apnea often include loud snoring and fatigue even if you sleep uninterrupted through the night. Obesit...
3933 people found this helpful

Benefits Of CPAP Therapy!

MBBS, MD - Respiratory Medicine , Trained In Treating Sleep Disorder , Trained In Interventinal Bronchoscopy , Trained In Medical Thoracoscopy , Trained In Rigid Bronchoscopy
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Benefits Of CPAP Therapy!
There are hundreds of people with obstructive sleep apnoea. Sleep apnoea is a condition where during sleep your breathing stops and starts. You will most likely snore and feel tired even after a night s sleep. CPAP therapy or continuous positive a...
1275 people found this helpful
Content Details
Written By
Diploma in Diabetes,MD,MBBS
Internal Medicine
Play video
Sleep Apnea
Hi, I am Dr. Amol Patil. I am residing and practicing in Mumbai. Today I will be speaking to you about Sleep apnea. Sleep apnea has recently come into the picture because of long term morbidity and mortality associated with the metabolic effects o...
Play video
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Hello everyone, I am Dr. Shiva Kalyan Biswas, consultant, pulmonary medicine and sleep disorders, working in Dwarka area of New Delhi. Friends, I'll be sharing with you some relevant points regarding obstructive sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apne...
Play video
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Namaskar Doston! Me Dr. Nikhil Modi, sleep medicines ka specialist, Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, Sarita Vihar, Delhi se. Aaj me apse saans and neend se related problems ke bare me apse discuss krna chaunga. Ise obstructive sleep apnea kehte hain...
Play video
Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea - Causes and treatment
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice