Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments

Nutritional Deficiencies Health Feed

HIV - How Does Nutrition Help In It?

HIV - How Does Nutrition Help In It?

A healthy immune system and optimum physical strength is maintained by an adequate nutritional status of the body. Unexpected loss of weight, loss of appetite, low dietary intake due to ulcers in the mouth and an altered rate of metabolism are common in HIV infected individuals. It is essential to regain the lost weight and the muscle mass in the early stages of the infection since the correction of nutritional status becomes difficult with the progression of the disease.

Certain measures like definitive anti-retroviral therapy combined with the treatment of opportunistic infections like TB, Candidiasis and other bacterial infections along with the provision of nutritive aid in the form of a balanced diet, regular physical activity, and use of appetite stimulants help in improving the general health of the body.  A widespread deficiency of essential nutrition and micro-nutrients is observed among the HIV-infected people. Supplement composition, treatment given and characteristics of the patient vary widely across researches done.

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends an intake of 1 Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) of each of the required micronutrient.  This may sometimes require taking supplements of the micronutrients.There is a direct relation between HIV infection and malnutrition, where each makes an individual more susceptible to the other. HIV infection can increase the severity of malnutrition and vice versa.

Malnutrition can worsen the progression of HIV, which further in turn further worsens malnutrition. This is an unending cycle, until an intervention occurs. An increase in the nutritional needs, poor intake of nutrients and increased losses through vomiting and diarrhea lead to a poor nutritional status.

  • This causes weight loss and wasting of muscles.
  • Loss of the lean body mass is definitively linked to disease and morbidity.
  • There is a sense of overall lack of energy, fatigue, lethargy and weakness.
  • The immune system is composed of proteins.
  • Reduced intake of proteins in the diet results in a decreased production of the immune cells.
  • Certain amino acids are responsible to aid in the efficient functioning of the immune system.
  • Deficiency of these amino acids impairs immune function.
  • This impairment of the immune system makes the individual vulnerable to various infections.
  • The opportunistic infections like tuberculosis (TB), Candida and bacterial pneumonias are commonly observed in individuals with HIV.

These diseases further strain the immune system and cause disease progression. It is important to know that nutrition acts as an adjunct to appropriate anti-retroviral therapy. Multivitamins, supplements of beta-carotene and Vitamin A, zinc, selenium and probiotics help in maintaining optimum nutrition in an HIV infected individual. Anabolic agents and appetite stimulants help in overcoming muscle wasting. Nutrient-dense meals consumed in small portions at frequent intervals are better accepted in the body rather than the regular 3 large meals.

Water consumption during meals should be avoided, to prevent a feeling of fullness in the stomach due to water rather than food. A healthy and balanced nutrition is essential in living a normal life. Maintaining the lost weight and stamina of the body, replacement of the lost nutrients, vitamins and minerals aid in improvement of the immune function. Proper nutrition can delay progression of the HIV infection into AIDS disease by improving the response of the body to the treatment given.

Hello Doctor, I have deficiency of nutrition in my body and I am taking supplements as well. As per the advise by a doctor in my nativity, if I cut my hair short it will absorb less nutrition from what I eat and most of it used by other body parts. According to him big margin of the nutrition what we intake is consumed by our hairs. So in that way does it help if I cut my hair short to boost up my recovery.

Hello Doctor, I have deficiency of nutrition in my body and I am taking supplements as well. As per the advise by a d...
A nutritional deficiency occurs when the body doesn't absorb or get from food the necessary amount of a nutrient. Deficiencies can lead to a variety of health problems. These can include digestion problems, skin disorders, stunted or defective bone growth, and even dementia. No need to cut hair. Let's discuss your concern in detail so that we can provide you a good quality medication plan and healthy lifestyle.
Submit FeedbackFeedback

Hi Sir, My b12 levels were 136 in mid July. Took 5 vitcofol infections after that (total 9 ml) and on nuroday 1500 mcg for 40 days. I am again experiencing pain in muscles after feeling better for two weeks. Should I take more injections?

Hi Sir, My b12 levels were 136 in mid July. Took 5 vitcofol infections after that (total 9 ml) and on nuroday 1500 mc...
What about haemoglobin better to take full plate of salad before each meal. Fruits in between meal. Cap. Nerve up one daily after meal with water. Also check vit d3 test.
Submit FeedbackFeedback

What is neutraceutical? How it works is there any variation between the capsule joinyace c2+ and amway nutrilite daily?

What is neutraceutical? How it works is there any variation between the capsule joinyace c2+ and amway nutrilite daily?
Nutraceutical is a combination of “nutrition” and “pharmaceutical”. So talking about nutraceutical it means food or part of a food that apparently provides health or medicinal benefits, including the prevention and treatment of disease. A nutraceutical may be a naturally medicinally or nutrient-rich active food, such as soybeans or garlic, or it may be a specific component of a food such as the omega-3 fish oil that can be derived from salmon and other cold-water fish.
1 person found this helpful
Submit FeedbackFeedback

Hi, Can I used nurokind lc in absence of l carnitine tablets and can it affects the sperm count or for childbirth problem for men?

Hi, Can I used nurokind lc in absence of l carnitine tablets and can it affects the sperm count or for childbirth pro...
If you used neurokind lc in the absence of l carnitine tablets it cannot affect the sperm count or for childbirth problem.
Submit FeedbackFeedback

Nutritional Deficiency!

Nutritional Deficiency!

Nutrition Deficiency And The Symptoms

3 people found this helpful

The Most Common Deficiencies!

The Most Common Deficiencies!

Don't ignore nutritional deficiencies. Get them treated with the right diet. 

2 people found this helpful

Iron Deficiency - Lets Help Our Children With It!

Iron Deficiency - Lets Help Our Children With It!

For the growth and development of children, they need an essential nutrient; Iron. It helps in the transfer of oxygen from the lungs to the body's tissues.

Red blood cells contain iron in the haemoglobin. The haemoglobin carries oxygen in the blood to the different parts of the body. Iron has an important role to play in the development of the brain and generating energy in a child's body. The lack of sufficient iron in the child's body can lead to anaemia, which is a nutritional deficient illness and will require medical attention. When a child suffers from anaemia, the lack of oxygen makes a child weak and sick.

There are certain symptoms of Iron deficiency in a child's body. These are:

  1. Infections and a weak immune system can make a child suffer from frequent infections.
  2. Lethargy and fatigue are the other common symptom of an iron deficient body. Due to deficiency of Iron, it becomes difficult for the body to transport oxygen to cells and hence, it fails to generate enough energy levels.
  3. Breathlessness and increased sweating can be a sign that your child may be suffering from iron deficiency.
  4. Pica Children suffering from iron deficiency may find a special taste for non-food substances like chalk, dirt and clay.
  5. Lack of iron in the body hampers the physical growth of a child.

The deficiency of iron in children can be diagnosed through blood tests. Your doctor may recommend supplementing iron content orally or through multivitamin medicines. But the deficiency of Iron in a child's body should be taken care of with absolute urgency.

Proper steps should be taken to prevent the deficiency of Iron in children. Those notable precautions are mentioned below:

  1. Balanced diet: A well-balanced diet is always recommended. For older children (within 9-12 years of age), red meat, chicken and fish would suffice as good sources of iron.
  2. Oral iron supplements: Oral iron supplements would be required for children with low weight at birth and who have a deficiency of iron in their daily diet.
  3. Vitamin C: Foods such as strawberries, tomatoes and potatoes help in providing sufficient iron content when included in daily diets, thus, reducing the chances of anaemia.
3464 people found this helpful

Obesity - Do Eating Disorders Lead To It?

Obesity - Do Eating Disorders Lead To It?

Obesity is a serious, chronic disease that can have a negative effect on many systems in your body. People who are overweight or obese have a much greater risk of developing serious conditions, including:

The prevalence of childhood obesity has increased dramatically over the past few decades, and obesity during adolescence is associated with significant medical morbidity during adulthood. Eating disorders and obesity are usually seen as very different problems but actually share many similarities. Eating disorders (EDs) are the third most common chronic condition in adolescents, after obesity and asthma.

In fact, eating disorders, obesity, and other weight-related disorders may overlap as girls move from one problem, such as unhealthy dieting, to another, such as obesity. Understand the links between eating disorders and obesity and promote healthy attitudes and behaviors related to weight and eating.

What is an Eating Disorder?

Eating Disorders describe illnesses that are characterized by irregular eating habits and severe distress or concern about body weight or shape. Eating disturbances may include inadequate or excessive food intake which can ultimately damage an individual’s well-being. The most common forms of eating disorders include Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, and Binge Eating Disorder and affect both females and males.

Signs & Symptoms of an Eating Disorder:

A man or woman suffering from an eating disorder may reveal several signs and symptoms, some which are:

  1. Chronic dieting despite being hazardously underweight
  2. Constant weight fluctuations
  3. Obsession with calories and fat contents of food
  4. Engaging in ritualistic eating patterns, such as cutting food into tiny pieces, eating alone, and/or hiding food
  5. Continued fixation with food, recipes, or cooking; the individual may cook intricate meals for others but refrain from partaking
  6. Depression or lethargic stage
  7. Avoidance of social functions, family and friends. May become isolated and withdrawn
  8. Switching between periods of overeating and fasting

What are the health risks associated with these disorders?

  1. Stunted growth.
  2. Delayed menstruation.
  3. Damage to vital organs such as the heart and brain.
  4. Nutritional deficiencies, including starvation.
  5. Cardiac arrest.
  6. Emotional problems such as depression and anxiety.

What is Obesity?

Obesity means being overweight by the accumulation of excess fat within the body. Obesity is defined to some extent by measuring Body Mass Index (BMI). People become obese by consumption of excess calories, imbalance between calories intake and calories outgoing, leading a sedentary life, lack of sleep , disturbances in lipid metabolism and intake of medications that put on obese.

What are the risks associated with obesity?

Obesity increases the risk for:

  1. High blood pressure
  2. Stroke
  3. Cardiovascular disease
  4. Gallbladder disease
  5. Diabetes
  6. Respiratory problems
  7. Arthritis
  8. Cancer
  9. Emotional problems such as depression and anxiety

How eating disorder and obesity are related?

Eating disorders and obesity are part of a range of weight-related problems.

  1. Body dissatisfaction and unhealthy dieting practices are linked to the development of eating disorders, obesity, and other problems.
  2. Binge eating is common among people with eating disorders and people who are obese.
  3. Depression, anxiety, and other mood disorders are associated with both eating disorders and obesity.
  4. The environment may contribute to both eating disorders and obesity.

Help adolescents develop healthy eating habits:

  • Help children learn to control their own eating.
  • Offer children a variety of healthy foods at meal and snack times.
  • Eat dinner together as a family most days of the week.
  • Be aware of your child's emotional health or else consult a psychologist
  • Encourage children to participate in sports, dance, swimming and other physical activities.
  • Counteract harmful media messages about body image. 

The splendid approach:

The approach should be quite simple. A proper diet plan, nutritious foods and fruits with proper exercise can do a world of good to you.

3267 people found this helpful

What does hp and hv stand for in Trineurosol hp and Trineurosol hv? And is there any difference between them?

Trineurosol HP 1000 mcg/ml Injection is used in the treatment of nutritional deficiencies. And HV are the same.
Submit FeedbackFeedback

Book appointment with top doctors for Nutritional Deficiencies treatment

View fees, clinic timings and reviews