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Nutrients In Old Age

Written and reviewed by
Dt. Avni Kaul 91% (122 ratings)
Msc Food & Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi  •  6 years experience
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Hello Everyone!

I am Dt. Avni Kaul, Dietitian/Nutritionist. Aaj hum baat krenge nutrition in old age. Aging aisa phenomenon hai jo irreversible, inevitable and progressive hai. Kuch physiological changes hote hain body me jo feel hone start ho jate hain. Elder people ko problem honi start ho jati hai jaise osteoporosis, heart disease, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, dementia. Jiski vajha se quality of life effect hota hai. Nutrition ek bhut hi important role play krta hai in chronic conditions ko manage krne ke lia. Kayi chronic conditions ko delay bhi kia ja skta hai ek achi diet leke. Physical activity kam ho jata hai and metabolism slow ho jata hai. Elder person ki dietary requirement change ho jati hain. Jaise vo jo khate the use kam krna jruri hai. Lekin nutrient requirement same hoti hain jo adulthood me thi. Vitamin-C rich foods unhe lena chaiye. Nuts and seeds unhe consume krna chaiye.

Kayi logon ke teeth gir jate hain and unhe food chew krne me dikkat hoti hai. Islia soft or mashed food apko khana chaiye. Jisse aap is khane ko kha payen. Lekin is se unko sara nutrients nhi milta hai. Islia supplements dena jruri ho jata hai. To ye aap nutritionist or doctor se discuss kar skte hain. Digestion utna powerful nhi hota haia islia unhe acidity, bloating ka complaint rehta hai. Islia number of meals has to be decided. Unke taste buds bhi weak ho jate hain. Vo chini and namak jyada differentiate nhi kar pate hain. Islia hume unka khana attarctive and appealing bnnana chaiye like a rainbow plate. Unko constipation ka bhi problem ho skta hai islia diet me fibre den, oats, whole wheat, fruits and vegetables den. 3-4 meals unhe dena chaiye. Jisse unko gas or acidity ka problem na ho. Koi bhi hard fruits and vegetables unko na den. Unke favourite food items unki diet me include kren.

Alcohol intake ko minimise kren. Personal hygiene pe dhyan den. Khane ko thik se cook nhi kia to problem ho skti hai. Food poisoning se jyada prone hain. Calorie dense food den. Daliyan and khichdi den. Pulses, fish ye sab din ki 1 meal me dia ja skta hai. So it can meet a protein requirement. Protein body requirement ke according dena chaiye. Carbohydrates me whole grain dena chaiye. Refine food use na kren. Seasonal foods need to be given to them. Physically active rehna chaiye. Balanced and nutritious diet bhut jruri hai. Breakfast ko skip na kren.

Thanks!

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