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Non Hodgkin Lymphoma (Nhl) Tips

All About Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Dr. Prashant Mehta 91% (32 ratings)
European Society For Medical Oncology certification, DM - Oncology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS, Fellowship in Bone Marrow Transplant
Oncologist, Faridabad
All About Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Non Hodgkin Lymphoma is when the cells in your lymphatic system become cancerous. The lymphatic system is responsible for fighting off diseases, which may attack your body. Initially, tumors develop from the lymphocytes in your body. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is much more common than the other type of lymphoma which is Hodgkin lymphoma. There are various types of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma; the most common of which are diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma. Here is everything you need to know about Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Symptoms
1. Swollen lymph nodes: A swollen lymph node in the neck, underarm and armpit which comes about without any pain is a very common symptom of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
2. Fever: When you have a sudden unexplained fever, it may be due to Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
3. Night sweats: Night sweats are simply when you sweat excessively in the night.
4. Fatigue: Feeling extremely tired can be due to Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
5. Weight loss: A sudden unexplained loss of weight is a very common symptom of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
6. Itchiness: An itchy skin is a rather serious indicator of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Causes
Just like other forms of cancer, it is not known what causes Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, but there are factors, which put you more at risk compared to others.

Risk factors
1. Immunosuppressive drugs: You are most likely to develop Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, especially after taking immunosuppressive drugs after a major organ transplant.
2. Bacteria and viruses: Certain bacterial and viral infections cause Non-Hodgkin lymphoma including the HIV and Epstein-Barr virus as well as the Helicobacter pylori bacteria.
3. Pesticides: Research suggests that overexposure to the pesticides which kill weeds increases your likelihood of developing Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
4. Age: Elder people are also more likely to suffer from Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Treatment
1. Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy comprises of administering drugs to kill the cancerous cells, either through injection or orally which kill cancer.
2. Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy deals with radiation which is directed at the parts of your body affected by cancer.
3. Medications to enhance the immune system: There are many medications which fight off cancer by boosting the immune system. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a hematologist.

2113 people found this helpful

Risk Factors Associated With Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma!

Dr. Jagdish Shinde 88% (237 ratings)
MD - Radiothrapy, MBBS
Oncologist, Pune
Risk Factors Associated With Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma!

Non Hodgkin Lymphoma is when the cells in your lymphatic system become cancerous. The lymphatic system is responsible for fighting off diseases, which may attack your body. Initially, tumors develop from the lymphocytes in your body. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is much more common than the other type of lymphoma which is Hodgkin lymphoma. There are various types of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma; the most common of which are diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma. Here is everything you need to know about Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Symptoms
1. Swollen lymph nodes: A swollen lymph node in the neck, underarm and armpit which comes about without any pain is a very common symptom of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
2. Fever: When you have a sudden unexplained fever, it may be due to Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
3. Night sweats: Night sweats are simply when you sweat excessively in the night.
4. Fatigue: Feeling extremely tired can be due to Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
5. Weight lossA sudden unexplained loss of weight is a very common symptom of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
6. Itchiness: An itchy skin is a rather serious indicator of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Causes
Just like other forms of cancer, it is not known what causes Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, but there are factors, which put you more at risk compared to others.

Risk factors
1. Immunosuppressive drugs: You are most likely to develop Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, especially after taking immunosuppressive drugs after a major organ transplant.
2. Bacteria and viruses: Certain bacterial and viral infections cause Non-Hodgkin lymphoma including the HIV and Epstein-Barr virus as well as the Helicobacter pylori bacteria.
3. Pesticides: Research suggests that overexposure to the pesticides which kill weeds increases your likelihood of developing Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
4. Age: Elder people are also more likely to suffer from Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Treatment
1. ChemotherapyChemotherapy comprises of administering drugs to kill the cancerous cells, either through injection or orally which kill cancer.
2. Radiation therapyRadiation therapy deals with radiation which is directed at the parts of your body affected by cancer.
3. Medications to enhance the immune system: There are many medications which fight off cancer by boosting the immune system. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Oncologist.

2152 people found this helpful

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma - Know The Signs!

Dr. Chandrakanth Mv 89% (130 ratings)
MBBS, MD(General Medicine), Fellowship Hemato - Oncology (Hemat-Oncology), DM(Medical Oncology), DNB(Medical Oncology)
Oncologist, Howrah
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma - Know The Signs!

Non Hodgkin Lymphoma is when the cells in your lymphatic system become cancerous. The lymphatic system is responsible for fighting off diseases, which may attack your body. Initially, tumors develop from the lymphocytes in your body. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is much more common than the other type of lymphoma which is Hodgkin lymphoma. There are various types of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma; the most common of which are diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma. Here is everything you need to know about Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Symptoms
1. Swollen lymph nodes: A swollen lymph node in the neck, underarm and armpit which comes about without any pain is a very common symptom of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
2. Fever: When you have a sudden unexplained fever, it may be due to Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
3. Night sweats: Night sweats are simply when you sweat excessively in the night.
4. Fatigue: Feeling extremely tired can be due to Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
5. Weight lossA sudden unexplained loss of weight is a very common symptom of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

6. Itchiness: An itchy skin is a rather serious indicator of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

 

Causes
Just like other forms of cancer, it is not known what causes Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, but there are factors, which put you more at risk compared to others.

Risk factors
1. Immunosuppressive drugs: You are most likely to develop Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, especially after taking immunosuppressive drugs after a major organ transplant.
2. Bacteria and viruses: Certain bacterial and viral infections cause Non-Hodgkin lymphoma including the HIV and Epstein-Barr virus as well as the Helicobacter pylori bacteria.
3. Pesticides: Research suggests that overexposure to the pesticides which kill weeds increases your likelihood of developing Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
4. Age: Elder people are also more likely to suffer from Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Treatment
1. ChemotherapyChemotherapy comprises of administering drugs to kill the cancerous cells, either through injection or orally which kill cancer.
2. Radiation therapyRadiation therapy deals with radiation which is directed at the parts of your body affected by cancer.
3. Medications to enhance the immune system: There are many medications which fight off cancer by boosting the immune system. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3252 people found this helpful

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma - Know Treatment Of It!

Dr. Umesh Das 86% (16 ratings)
DM - Oncology
Oncologist, Guwahati
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma - Know Treatment Of It!

Non Hodgkin Lymphoma is when the cells in your lymphatic system become cancerous. The lymphatic system is responsible for fighting off diseases which may attack your body. Initially, tumors develop from the lymphocytes in your body. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is much more common than the other type of lymphoma which is Hodgkin lymphoma. There are various types of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma; the most common of which are diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma. Here is everything you need to know about Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Symptoms

1. Swollen lymph nodes
A swollen lymph node in the neck, underarm and armpit which comes about without any pain is a very common symptom of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
2. Fever
When you have a sudden unexplained fever, it may be due to Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
3. Night sweats
Night sweats are simply when you sweat excessively in the night.
4. Fatigue
Feeling extremely tired can be due to Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
5. Weight loss
A sudden unexplained loss of weight is a very common symptom of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
6. Itchiness
An itchy skin is a rather serious indicator of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Causes

Just like other forms of cancer, it is not known what causes Non-Hodgkin lymphoma but there are factors which put you more at risk compared to others.

Risk factors

1. Immunosuppressive drugs
You are more likely to develop Non-Hodgkin lymphoma especially after taking immunosuppressive drugs after a major organ transplant.
2. Bacteria and viruses
Certain bacterial and viral infections cause Non-Hodgkin lymphoma including the HIV and Epstein-Barr virus as well as the Helicobacter pylori bacteria.
3. Pesticides
Research suggests that overexposure to the pesticides which kill weeds increases your likelihood of developing Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
4. Age
Elder people are also more likely to suffer from Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Treatment

1. Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy comprises of administering drugs to kill the cancerous cells, either through injection or orally which kill cancer.
2. Radiation therapy
Radiation therapy deals with radiation which is directed at the parts of your body affected by cancer.
3. Medications to enhance the immune system

There are many medications which fight off cancer by boosting the immune system.

Ayurvedic Remedies To Treat Lymphoma!

Dr. Naveen Sharma 89% (174 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine & Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Kangra
Ayurvedic Remedies To Treat Lymphoma!

In simple words, lymphoma is cancer of the lymphatic system. It begins in the infection-fighting cells of the body called the lymphocytes. Lymphocytes can be found in lymph nodes, spleen, thymus gland in the neck, bone marrow and other parts of our bodies.

Lymphoma means that the lymphocytes change and divide recklessly. There are two main types of lymphoma-

  1. Non-Hodgkin: The most common type of lymphoma.
  2. Hodgkin

Non-Hodgkin and Hodgkin lymphoma each affect a different kind of lymphocyte or white blood cell. 

There is a different treatment modality for both these different types of lymphomas as the affected cells are different and so is their rate of growth. Even though lymphatic cancer is very common, it’s easily treatable. Timely diagnosis and proper treatment off course are very important. Its causes can be diverse like genetics, a weak immune system, diseases like celiac, lupus or rheumatoid arthritis, infections with certain viruses, age over 60 and gender- men are more prone to getting lymphomas.

Symptoms and warning signs

  1. Swollen glands in the neck, armpit, or groin
  2. Persistent cough
  3. Night sweats
  4. Weight loss
  5. Shortness of breath
  6. Fever
  7. Stomach pain
  8. Fatigue
  9. Itching

Treatment

The treatment depends on the kind of lymphoma one has and how far the cancer has spread. The treatments for non-Hodgkin lymphoma are-

  1. Chemotherapy which uses certain drugs to destroy cancer cells.
  2. Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to kill cancer cells.
  3. Immunotherapy uses the body's own immune system to kill cancer cells.

The common treatments for Hodgkin lymphoma are:

  1. Chemotherapy
  2. Radiation therapy

Traditional medicine systems like Acupressure and Ayurveda are used as complementary systems to bring relief from the cancer.

  1. Cupressure is used to drain the lymph nodes affected with lymphoma.
  2. Triphala, a common Ayurvedic remedy is being investigated to understand its killing effects on lymphoma cells in the body. It has also been seen to ‘regress’ tumours in animal studies. Hence, Triphala is a potent anti-cancer Ayurvedic drug.

Ayurvedic herbal drugs are used to treat the lymphatic system of the patient, so that it produces normal cells. Ayurvedic Panch tikta grut can pacify the lymphatic system whereas other herbs enhance the immune system and reduce inflammation.

Quick Tips

  1. Green tea has also been shown to have phytonutrients called catechins, which have anticancer properties.
  2. Curcumin extracted from turmeric is also able to kill human lymphoma cells. It also makes chemotherapy and radiotherapy work better against the cancer while protecting normal cells.
  3. Mistletoe extract is also a powerful immune-modulator.
  4. Carrots and broccoli also show a number of benefits when included in the diet of someone suffering from cancer.
  5. Foods rich in beta carotene which means vegetables and fruits of different colours have high antioxidant content which supports healing.
  6. Chyawan prash is very useful during chemotherapy. One must avoid Sugar.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3343 people found this helpful

Lymphoma - 10 Tips To Help You Deal With It!

Dr. Subhash Chandra Chanana 91% (802 ratings)
FACS, MBBS, MS - General Surgery
Oncologist, Gurgaon
Lymphoma - 10 Tips To Help You Deal With It!

Suffering from any degenerative or terminal disease like lymphoma can be really tough. It takes a huge toll on your mental health. Whether you are suffering from it or someone close to you, the impact is extremely painful and going through each day is a fight in itself. But, you must struggle. Just to minimize your anguish a little bit more, here are some ways to cope with the lymphoma:

  1. Be open about your disease: Try to talk about your disease with other people as much as possible. Talk about what you are going through. How it is making you feel, how painful it is. Share all of your feelings. Don’t be ashamed or feel bad about your disease.
  2. Deal with fear and scare: There is no point in minimizing the fact that you will be afraid and scared. But try to calm yourself down. Think about your options for treatment and consult your doctor about them. Learning about the possible treatments will make you feel safe.
  3. Try to engage in physical activities: As much as your body permits try to engage yourself in physical activities like walking, simple exercises, yoga, and other physical activities. It will help to keep your stress level in check.
  4. Get out: Don’t confine yourself to your home as it may lead to depression. Engage in daily activities like going to a grocery store, a shopping mall, a club or just for a stroll in the park. Calling your friends or your family and going out for a coffee can help a great deal.
  5. Think about financial matters: Dealing with a long-term disease can be really stressful not only emotionally but also financially. This makes it extremely important to plan your finances well. If you have health care insurance, try to go over with your agent on how much you will be covered and save money accordingly.
  6. Handle your work life: About work, talk with HRD at your office and tell him/her about your medical condition and how well you are prepared to deal with the work designated for you.
  7. Don’t push people away: In most cases, due to prolonged illness, the patients become hopeless and tries to push people close to them away. They find it extremely difficult to cope with the disease, so try to keep your loved ones as close to you as possible. If someone comes forward with a helping hand, accept it.
  8. Managing side effects: The side effects of the treatment can affect you as well. Try to go over them with your doctor before starting your treatment.
  9. Facing infertilityConceiving children can be a problem during this period. If you are planning to have children, consult a fertility doctor and check your options.
  10. Deal with relapse: If you have cancerous cells, you must be prepared for a relapse. However, it will be easier to deal with a relapse as you know what to expect and which way to go.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2064 people found this helpful

Symptoms Of Lymphoma And Treatment - लिम्फोमा के लक्षण, उपचार

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 87% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Symptoms Of Lymphoma And Treatment - लिम्फोमा के लक्षण, उपचार

लिम्फोमा कैंसर का ही एक प्रकार है जिसमें प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली में मौजूद संक्रमण से लड़ने वाली कोशिकाओं से शुरुवात होती है. इन कोशिकाओं को लिम्फोसाइट्स कहा जाता है. में शुरू होता है जिन्हें लिम्फोसाइट्स कहा जाता है. ये कोशिकाएं लिम्फ नोड्स, प्लीहा, थाइमस, अस्थि मज्जा और शरीर के अन्य भागों में मौजूद होती हैं. जब आप लिम्फोमा से ग्रस्त होते हैं, तो आपके लिम्फोसाइट्स में परिवर्तन होने लगता है एवं ये अनियंत्रित भी होने लगते हैं. आपको बताते चलें कि जब आपके शरीर की कोशिकाओं में असामान्य रूप से बढ़ोतरी तो होती है लेकिन वह खत्म होने की जगह और ज्यादा प्रसारित होने लगती है तब कैंसर होने की संभावना होती है. लिम्फोमा के मुख्य दो प्रकार होते हैं - हॉजकिन लिम्फोमा और गैर-हॉजकिन लिम्फोमा. लिम्फोमा के ज़्यादातर मामले गैर-हॉजकिन लिम्फोमा के होते हैं.
भारत में लिम्फोमा केवल दिल्ली में ही, हर साल लिम्फोमा के अनुमानित 500 नए मामलों का निदान होता है. इस संख्या के करीब दो-तिहाई से अधिक पुरुष होते हैं. डॉक्टरों के मुताबिक सबसे अधिक चिंताजनक बात यह है कि, लिम्फोमा के मामले 5% वार्षिक दर से बढ़ रहे हैं. इसके विकास दर को रोकने के लिए आपको इसके प्रति जागरूक रहना होगा. इसलिए आइए इस लेख के माध्यम से हमलोग लिम्फोमा के लक्षण और उपचार को जानें.

लिम्फोमा के लक्षण
लिम्फोमा से ग्रस्त रोगियों को सबसे पहले लिम्फ नोड्स में सूजन महसूस हो सकती है. ये त्वचा के नीचे छोटी व मुलायम गांठ की तरह महसूस हो सकती हैं. रोगी को निम्नलिखित स्थानों में लिम्फ नोड्स महसूस हो सकते हैं - गरदन छाती का ऊपरी भाग बगल पेट पेट और जांध के बीच का भाग लिम्फोमा के अन्य लक्षण हैं - हड्डी में दर्द खांसी थकान प्लीहा का बढ़ना बुखार रात को पसीना आना शराब पीते समय दर्द होना चकत्ते सांस फूलना त्वचा पर खुजली होना पेट दर्द बिना वजह वज़न घटना लिम्फोमा के लक्षणों का अनुभव हमेशा प्रारंभिक अवस्था में नहीं होता है. आपके डॉक्टर एक शारीरिक परीक्षण के दौरान बढ़े हुए लिम्फ नोड्स का निदान कर सकते हैं.
लिम्फोमा होने का कारण अभी तक अज्ञात है इसीलिए इसे रोकने के लिए कोई वास्तविक तरीका नहीं है. हालांकि, यदि आपको लगता है कि आप लिम्फोमा के लक्षण अनुभव कर रहे हैं तो डॉक्टर से बात करें जो इसके शीघ्र निदान और उपचार के लिए महत्वपूर्ण है. यह विशेष रूप से महत्वपूर्ण है कि अगर आपको लिम्फोमा का एक पारिवारिक इतिहास है तो अपने चिकित्सक को इसके बारे में अवश्य बताएं. यदि आपको संदेह है कि आपको लिम्फोमा होने का जोखिम है, तो अपने चिकित्सक से इसके निदान और उपचार के बारे में बात करें. आपकी शारीरिक स्थिति, आनुवंशिकता और चिकित्सा के इतिहास के आधार पर, आपको उस डॉक्टर के पास जाने की सलाह दी जा सकती है जो रक्त की बीमारियों के विशेषज्ञ हैं.

लिम्फोमा का इलाज
लिम्फोमा का उपचार उसके प्रकार और उसके चरण पर निर्भर करता है. इसके निम्नलिखित उपचार हो सकते हैं

जैविक थेरेपी
यह एक नशीली दवाओं का उपचार है जिसमें शरीर में सूक्ष्मजीवों को डालकर प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली को कैंसर की कोशिकाओं पर हमला करने के लिए उत्तेजित किया जाता है.

एंटीबॉडी चिकित्सा
इसमें कैंसर के प्रतिजनों से लड़ने के लिए सिंथेटिक एंटीबॉडी खून में डाली जाती हैं.

कीमोथेरेपी
इसमें कैंसर कोशिकाओं को मारने के लिए आक्रामक दवाओं का प्रयोग किया जाता है.

रेडियोईमयूनोथेरेपी
इसमें कैंसर वाली बी-कोशिकाओं और टी-कोशिकाओं को नष्ट करने के लिए उच्च-स्तरीय रेडियोएक्टिव (रेडियोधर्मी) खुराक का प्रयोग किया जाता है.

विकिरण चिकित्सा
इसका उपयोग कैंसर के छोटे क्षेत्रों पर केंद्रित करने के लिए किया जाता है.

स्टेरॉयड दवा
लिम्फोमा का इलाज करने के लिए स्टेरॉयड इंजेक्शन के द्वारा दिए जा सकते हैं.

सर्जरी के द्वारा
लिम्फोमा के फैल जाने के बाद प्लीहा या अन्य अंगों को हटाने के लिए सर्जरी का इस्तेमाल किया जा सकता है.

1 person found this helpful

Lympoma - Can Age Increase Your Risk?

Dr. Varun Goel 87% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Medicine, DNB - Medical Oncology, MRCP - Medical Oncology, ECMO - Medical Oncology
Oncologist, Delhi
Lympoma - Can Age Increase Your Risk?

Non Hodgkin Lymphoma is when the cells in your lymphatic system become cancerous. The lymphatic system is responsible for fighting off diseases which may attack your body. Initially, tumors develop from the lymphocytes in your body. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is much more common than the other type of lymphoma which is Hodgkin lymphoma. There are various types of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma; the most common of which are diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma. Here is everything you need to know about Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Symptoms
1. Swollen lymph nodes
A swollen lymph node in the neck, underarm and armpit which comes about without any pain is a very common symptom of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
2. Fever
When you have a sudden unexplained fever, it may be due to Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
3. Night sweats
Night sweats are simply when you sweat excessively in the night.
4. Fatigue
Feeling extremely tired can be due to Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
5. Weight loss
A sudden unexplained loss of weight is a very common symptom of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

6. Itchiness
An itchy skin is a rather serious indicator of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Causes
Just like other forms of cancer, it is not known what causes Non-Hodgkin lymphoma but there are factors which put you more at risk compared to others.
Risk factors
1. Immunosuppressive drugs
You are more likely to develop Non-Hodgkin lymphoma especially after taking immunosuppressive drugs after a major organ transplant.
2. Bacteria and viruses
Certain bacterial and viral infections cause Non-Hodgkin lymphoma including the HIV and Epstein-Barr virus as well as the Helicobacter pylori bacteria.
3. Pesticides
Research suggests that overexposure to the pesticides which kill weeds increases your likelihood of developing Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
4. Age
Elder people are also more likely to suffer from Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Treatment
1. Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy comprises of administering drugs to kill the cancerous cells, either through injection or orally which kill cancer.
2. Radiation therapy
Radiation therapy deals with radiation which is directed at the parts of your body affected by cancer.
3. Medications to enhance the immune system
There are many medications which fight off cancer by boosting the immune system.

4 people found this helpful

HIV: What You Should Know About It?

Dr. Jagdish Prasad Mehrotra 91% (1702 ratings)
MBBS, D.P.H
General Physician, Gurgaon
HIV: What You Should Know About It?

Opportunistic Infections in HIV

  • HIV does not kill anybody directly.

  • HIV weakens the body's ability to fight disease.

  • Infection which are rarly seen in those with normal immune systems are deadly to those with HIV, called opportunistic infections.

  • Many of these illness are very serious , and they need to be treated .

  • Some illness can be prevented.

Opportunistic infection can be

  • Bacterial

  • Viral

  • Fungal

  • Neurological

  • Protozoal

  • Malignacies

  • Other's

Bacterial

Viral Infections

  • Cytomegalovirus (CMV)

  • Hepatitis

  • Herpes simplex (HSV, Genital Herpes)

  • Herpes zoster (HSZ)

  • Molluscum contagiosum

  • Oral hairy leukoplakia (OPL)

  • Progressive Multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML)

Fungal Infections

Protozoan Infections

Malignancies

  • Systemic Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL)

  • Primary CNS Lymphoma

Other Conditions and Complications

  • Apthous ulcers

  • Malasorption

  • Depression

  • Diarrhoea

  • Thrombocytopenia

  • Wasting syndrome

  • Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura

  • Listeriosis

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease paricularly complicated by Tuboovarian abscess.

  • Lymphoma Burkit's

  • Lymphoma immunoblastic

2 people found this helpful

HIV Infection

Dr. Jagdish Prasad Mehrotra 91% (1702 ratings)
MBBS, D.P.H
General Physician, Gurgaon
HIV Infection

Opprtunistic HIV Infection:

  • HIV does not kill anybody directly.

  • HIV weakens the body's ability to fight disease.

  • Infection which are rarly seen in those with normal immune systems are deadly to those with HIV called opportunistic infections.

  • Many of these illness are very serious, and they need to be treated.

  • Some illness can be prevented.

  • Opportunistic infection can be Bacterial, Viral, Fungal, Neurological, Protozoal, Malignacies, Others.​

Bacterial:

Viral Infection​:

  • Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
  • Hepatitis
  • Herpes simplex (HSV, Genital Herpes)
  • Herpes zoster (HSZ)
  • Molluscum contagiosum
  • Oral hairy leukoplakia (OPL)
  • Progressive Multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML)

Fungal Infection:

Neurological Conditions:

Protozoal Infection:

Malignancies

  • Systemic Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL)
  • Primary CNS Lymphoma

Other Conditions and Complications

  • Apthous ulcers
  • Malasorption
  • Depression
  • Diarrhoea
  • Thrombocytopenia
  • Wasting syndrome
  • Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
  • Listeriosis
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease paricularly complicated by Tuboovarian abscess.
  • Lymphoma Burkit's
  • Lymphoma immunoblastic
1 person found this helpful
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