Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments


Nasal Congestion: Treatment, Cost and Side Effects

What is the Nasal Congestion? How is the Nasal Congestion treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the Nasal Congestion?

Nasal congestion occurs as the nasal passages get blocked due to the mucus lining of the passages getting swollen and inflamed. The condition becomes very annoying in children and adults as well. In infants nasal congestion causes difficulty in feeding and breathing distress. If left untreated, nasal congestion can get life threatening too. Nasal congestion causes impairment of speech and hearing also. The condition can also be associated with sleep apnea sometimes and causes snoring. Chronic sleep apnea has been observed to occur in children with nasal congestion due to inflamed adenoids, causing insufficient uptake of oxygen and hypoxia as a result. This can sometimes lead to right sided-heart failure also. Nasal congestion occurring due to common cold infection or allergy can cause headaches and slight facial pain also. The common causes of nasal congestion can be traced as influenza or common cold, allergies due to exposure to pollen, drug reaction, rhinitis medicamentosa due to excessive use of topical decongestants, sinus infection, nasal polyps, gastroesophageal reflux disease, empty nose syndrome or sometimes may even cause due to pregnancy or narrowing and collapsing of nasal valves. It is important that you get the right treatment at the right time to get rid of nasal congestion. The treatment depends on the actual cause of the congestion. There are nasal decongestants and several drugs available in the market to relieve the condition. It is also recommended to avoid going near pollens and dust as they cause allergy. Apart from nasal decongestant there are also topical decongestants which can be applied only for a specific period.

How is the Nasal Congestion treatment done?

Treatment for nasal congestion includes alpha-adrenergic agonists as they work by constricting the blood vessels. These drugs like phenylephrine and oxymetazoline are truly effective in relieving symptoms. Discomfort, headaches and pain in the facial muscles caused due to common cold and influenza can be relieved with drugs like aspirin, ibuprofen and acetaminophen (paracetamol). Allergens like pollens and dust cause diseases like hay fever. Decongestants and antihistamines can be used to relieve the symptoms and discomfort due to nasal decongestion but they usually do not cure the condition completely. Antihistamines like cetirizine, clemastine, loratadine, diphenhydramine (Benadryl), brompheniramine, fexofenadine (Allegra) are used and are quite effective in controlling the symptoms caused due to allergens. It is recommended to use topical decongestants like tramazoline, naphazoline etc. only for first three days. There are nasal decongestants that act specifically like some nasal sprays containing oxymetazoline (Afrin, Duramist or Dristan), naphazoline (Privine) or oral decongestants in the form of pills like Sudafed, Sinex, Bronkaid etc. are quite effective. In infants, a stuffy nose can be cleared with the help of a nasal aspirator that removes the mucus from the nasal passages.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Any person suffering from blockage of the nasal passages due to influenza, common cold or allergies thereby causing inflammation of the mucus lining of the nasal passages are eligible for treatment irrespective of male and female of any age.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If the congestion goes away on its own without causing much discomfort, then the person is not eligible for the treatment.

Are there any side effects?

Yes, there can be a few side effects due to taking an oral decongestant for more than a week and a nasal decongestant for more than three days because they have been reported to worsen the condition. Nasal sprays can cause ‘rebound’ or Rhinitis medicamentosa if taken for more than a few days. Over-the-counter medicines should not be given to children under 4 years age.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Apart from taking medicines, it is also important that you keep yourself warm, take steam to unblock the nasal passages, drink herbal tea and take warm water bath. Also keep away from pollens, dust or other allergens.

How long does it take to recover?

It usually takes a few days to recover completely from a nasal congestion.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The price of treating nasal congestion in India usually ranges from Rs. 30 to Rs. 500 irrespective of male and female of any age.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

No the results cannot be said to be permanent because if the person is attacked by influenza or allergies again, nasal congestion can recur. So, yes after the treatment the symptom goes away but can come back if faced with similar conditions again.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are alternative treatments for nasal congestion. Instead of spending money on medicines you can also try some easy home remedies that are natural and effective. When you have a blocked nose, it is suggested to blow your nose and try keep the nasal passage clean, this activity can be made easier with the help of inhaling steam or with a humidifier, also drink lot of warm liquids like herbal tea, warm water, ginger ale, chicken stew and citrus fruit juices, gargle with warm saline water and most importantly stay warm and take rest.

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 18 years old and I am suffering from nasal congestion for more than a month what is a possible reason for that I have used otrivin in start to get relieved from a blocked nose.

ENT Specialist, Warangal
Hello. Get checked with near by ent to rule out deviated nasal septum /turbihate hypertrophy/polyps etc even allergy can cause nasal block.

My both ear pain lightly. And throat pain lightly but night mai badh jata .i take azthro and calvam. 5 days.otrivin nasal spray. Anm meta spray. Celthromycin used also. But .no relief. please suggest me. My rbc and wbc normal.

Homeopathy Doctor, Noida
1. Do saline gargles daily. 2. Whenever possible do steam inhalation also. 3. Cover your nose and mouth with hanky for at least 30 sec when you go in dusty areas also when you go in and out of ac. As our nose is the most sensitive part of our body...

My mother have asthma, nasal problems, cough, long time, she take medicine long time but this problems are still now, montelukast, fexofenadine,doxofilline,

MBBS, MD TUBERCULOSIS AND CHEST DISEASES, Diploma in Tuberculosis & Chest Diseases, Diploma in Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Pulmonologist, Kolkata
Ics+laba (foracort 200) 2; puffs twice daily to continue flutiflo nasal spray once in each nostril. To. Continue.

Popular Health Tips

Schneiderian Papilloma - Know More About It!

MD- General Physician-RU- Equi. MBBS, Diploma in Laryngology & otology
ENT Specialist, Hyderabad
Schneiderian Papilloma - Know More About It!
Schneiderian papilloma is also called sino-nasal papilloma. It is a harmless epithelial neoplasm and happens in the sinonasal tract. According to the World Health Organization, there are three categories of Schneiderian papilloma- Inverted papillo...
1371 people found this helpful

Chronic Pancreatitis - Everything You Should Be Knowing!

DNB(Gastroenterology), Gujarat University
Gastroenterologist, Ahmedabad
Chronic Pancreatitis - Everything You Should Be Knowing!
Chronic pancreatitis refers to an inflammation of the pancreas the organ that creates enzymes and hormones to manage blood sugar levels and aids in digestion. The condition either does not heal completely and keeps coming back, or persists for mon...
1056 people found this helpful

Allergy Test - What Should You Know?

DNB (Oto Rhino Laryngology), MBBS
ENT Specialist, Pune
Allergy Test - What Should You Know?
Allergy is a condition in the human body in which the body reacts to the particles in the environment which are harmless otherwise. These particles are called allergens. Some people have a highly reactive and active immune system. Even a small amo...
1356 people found this helpful

All You Must Know About Snoring & Its Complications!

MS - Otorhinolaryngology, Diploma in Otorhinolaryngology (DLO)
ENT Specialist, Mumbai
All You Must Know About Snoring & Its Complications!
Snoring is the harsh or hoarse sound that occurs when air passes through the relaxed throat tissues this causes vibration in the tissues as you breathe. Almost everyone snores now and then, but it can be a chronic problem for some people. Sometime...
3454 people found this helpful

Pericarditis / Pericardial Effusion - Know More About It!

MD - Medicine, DNB Medicine, DNB - Cardiology (Gold Medalist)
Cardiologist, Ahmedabad
Pericarditis / Pericardial Effusion - Know More About It!
Pericardial effusion is the excess fluid between the heart and sac surrounding the heart. The fluid keeps the heart moving in the sac. The excess fluid can cause a problem in the workings of the heart and may lead to death. The space between two l...
1310 people found this helpful
Content Details
Written By
Sleep Medicine(Training),MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery,MD - General Medicine
General Physician
Play video
Sinusitis - How To Get Rid Of It?
The term sinus is usually used in reference to the cavities near the nose. If these cavities become inflamed or swollen, the condition is known as sinusitis. If this condition lasts for more than 12 weeks, it is categorized as chronic sinusitis. T...
Play video
Hi! I am Dr. Arpit Sharma. I did my MBBS & MS from B J Medical College, Ahmedabad and I recently did my diploma in allergy & asthma from CMC Vellore. My main interest is in allergies and allergies are presented with various symptoms like stuffy no...
Play video
When Should You Consult An ENT Specialist?
Hi everyone, I am Dr. Shashidhar. I am a Paediatric ENT surgeon at Artemis Hospital.i am heading the department and I am very glad to discuss you about the common things which make you come to an ENT. Number one cold in children which is often ver...
Play video
Nasobronchial Allergy
Hi, I am Dr. Nawal. I am a pediatrician and a Bronchoscopist. I am highly specialized to the naso bronchial problem of children Respiratory problems, allergies asthamas post nasal drips. So we would like to talk about Naso bronchial allergy which ...
Play video
Hello! I am Dr. Rajeev Nangia, senior consultant ENT. Today I will be telling about what is sinusitis, the symptoms, the treatment and the new age advances. Now sinuses are air-filled spaces in the head and the face. There are four sets of sinuses...
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice