Ingrown toenails have become a common trouble these days and there are many causes that are responsible for the same. Nail edges or corners mostly get affected by this trouble. It often appears to be a toenail infection while it is not so. Bigger toes are highly prone to this toenail issue; therefore you need to be very careful.
Before the issue can become serious, you should take careful steps to prevent the same. Medical advice is required so that the right treatment can be chosen, which gives you an instant relief from the symptoms. The skin around the nail becomes tender and might get swollen or hard coupled with a lot of pain in the toe.
Leading causes for ingrown toenails:
Ingrown toenails can be treated by partial nail avulsion with chemical cauterization. Nail avulsion is the most common surgical method performed in the toenails. A partial or complete nail avulsion can be performed, depending upon the location and the extent of the problem. In partial nail avulsion, only a part of the nail is removed from the nail bed. On the other hand, in complete nail avulsion, all of the nail is removed from the nail bed.
What are periungual warts?
Periungual warts also are known as nail warts or fingernail warts is caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). Hpv can enter the skin through a cut or scrape. They are a cluster around the nails (fingernail or toenail). They appear as thickened, fissured, cauliflower-like skin around the nails. Nail-biting increases susceptibility to these warts.
At first, they are about the size of a pinhead smooth, shiny and virtually impossible to spot. But after a week or months, they grow to the size of a pea and have rough, irregular bumps that can affect nail. In the most severe cases, the nail can be permanently deformed and this can lead to fungal infection
Various risk factors for periungual warts include:
Symptoms and cause
The periungual warts are rough grainy bumps around and under the nail. They are usually small bumps around the toenails or fingernails.
Periungual warts also lead to loss of cuticle and increase the risk of self tissue infection. They are usually skin-toned, pink, tan or white.
Small warts are usually painless but when they increase in size then they develop pain
Periungual warts hinder with the nail growth causing split nails.
The cuticles are also deformed
Diagnosis and treatment
Do’s and don’ts
Fit and strong nails can be achieved by dipping them into lukewarm mustard oil daily for 8-10 minutes.
Fungal infection in the nails, otherwise called onychomycosis, is a frequently seen issue. Side effects include irritation, swelling, yellowing, thickening or itching of the nail. It is normally not painful, unless the infection spreads further.
The fungal infection has a tendency to occur under specific conditions, like unusual pH levels of the skin, a weak immune system, nonstop introduction to a damp surrounding including sweat-soaked shoes and socks, poor cleanliness and diabetes.
In case if left untreated, fungal infection in the nails can bring about breakage and even total loss of the nails. The good news is that the bacteria present inside the nails is reparable and can be dealt with reasonably. Various common home cures can cure the infection in a couple of weeks. These are as follows: