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Muscle Weakness Tips

Muscular Dystrophy - Complications Associated With It In Children!

Dr. Priyadarshan Muthal 85% (459 ratings)
MD - Paediatrics, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Pediatrician, Chandrapur
Muscular Dystrophy - Complications Associated With It In Children!

Weakness of the muscles due to a genetically inherited condition is known as muscular dystrophy. This condition prevents the body from producing the required protein that can help in building muscles. This protein is also responsible for making the muscles strong and stable. This is most commonly seen in children who may seem clumsy as they begin to grow up and indulge in varied kinds of movements. Let us learn more about this condition and the ways in which it may be treated.

Symptoms: In order to better understand the ways of treating this condition, it is important to take stock of the varied signs and symptoms that are associated with the same. The main symptom of this condition includes difficulty in walking as well as constant slips and falls that may be endured by the child. Also, the children suffering from this condition will have trouble in lifting the leg and foot in a normal way.

Other Complications: This condition can also affect the heart and lungs by making the muscles in these regions weak. Also, this condition can lead to a number of serious breathing problems that will need immediate medical intervention so that it does not become fatal. It may also lead to accelerated heart beats and affect the hands and feet of the patient in an adverse manner. This condition can be found in different types, each of which will affect the patient in a different manner.

Ways it can be managed!

Physical and Occupational Therapy: One of the most effective ways of dealing with condition in the long run is to indulge in physical and occupational therapy. With the help of a physiotherapist and other specialists, the patient will be taught to move in a more deliberate and normal manner without falling too often. Also, the patient will be eventually trained to go about life and various functions with certain kinds of movements that will be limited to the issues that the patient may be facing. Bracing will also be required so as to help the child cope better in the physical sense.

Prednisone: This medicine may be prescribed by the Pediatrician to ensure that the progression of the heart issues may be slowed down. This will ensure that the heart may function in a more normal manner despite the muscle issues that it may be facing. The doctor will usually recommend that the medicine should be started when the child is around five or six years old.

Spinal Fusion: This surgery can lessen the pain and reduce the severity of the symptoms, which can lead to better chances of moving in a normal manner. This will also give the child better posture so that the child may breathe normally.

1511 people found this helpful

Trapezius Strain - Know More About It!

Dr. Arjun Shelke 86% (46 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho)
Orthopedic Doctor, Bilaspur
Trapezius Strain - Know More About It!

The trapezius muscle is a triangular muscle which extends from the neck, down to the middle of the upper back and across the shoulder. It is one of the largest muscles in the body. It helps in stabilizing and moving the scapula. When you rotate your neck, move your arms, or even shrug your shoulders, you are able to do it because of the trapezius muscle. Overuse of the muscle can cause it to strain.

Trapezius strain can be quite annoying and uncomfortable as you will have difficulty in moving your shoulders. It also causes any upper shoulder movement very difficult as it gives out an excruciating pain whenever you try to move your head or rotate your neck. It generally happens when you repetitively put stress on the muscle.

Causes:
1. Poor posture while sitting, standing or lying down
2. If you sleep in a wrong or uncomfortable position
3. If you bend over a desk for hours(This is more relevant to office workers)
4. If you have to carry heavy weights on your shoulders(This is relevant to school and college students who have to carry heavy bags every day)
5. If you overwork your trapezius during workouts
6. If you suddenly twist your neck
7. If you met with a fall or accident which injured your back.

Symptoms:
The symptom that characterizes a trapezius strain is the searing pain in the muscles which is scattered around from the shoulders to the neck. The pain might interfere in your daily activities such as moving your arms when you push or pull. It might also cause discomfort while trying to sleep. A trapezious strain might even cause a bit of swelling in the muscle. Sometimes, due to the neck pain, you might even get headaches.

Treatment:
1. Resting: Rest as much as possible. Any strain or swelling can be easily cured with proper rest.
2. Ice packs: Ice packs help to reduce the swelling and get some relief from the pain.
3. Exercise: Stretching the muscle will help loosen it.
4. Blood flow stimulation therapy: After the inflammation is reduced, you should take up this therapy as an increase in the blood flow in the affected area will help cure the strain.
5. Care for the scar tissue: The scar tissue will take longer to heal than the muscle. Hence you have to follow your doctor's instruction very carefully to get a speedy recovery.

3847 people found this helpful

Knowing The Common Orthopedic Disorders In Children!

Dr. Sunil Kumar Dash 90% (70 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Orthopedics, Fellowship, Depuy Joint Replacement
Orthopedic Doctor, Bhubaneswar
Knowing The Common Orthopedic Disorders In Children!

Sometimes children suffer from conditions where their feet may not be in proper shape or size, something that can affect their posture. Most of the times the disorders get corrected themselves as children grow up, but there can be situations where medical attention is required. These conditions can be normal variations in the anatomy as well which don't essentially require treatment. Some of the common orthopedic disorders found in children include:

  1. Flatfeet: While most babies are born with flat feet which develop arches as they grow, in some case the arches remain underdeveloped even after they grow older. Their feet may turn inwards while they walk due to their flat nature. There is no inherent problem in this condition unless it becomes painful. Doctors may recommend special footwear with arches inserted for support to reduce the pain.
  2. Toe Walking: Toe walking is not a disorder while your child is just learning to walk. Toddlers who continue to walk on their toes after the age of 3 may require medical attention. Toe walking on one leg or persistent toe walking can be due to other medical conditions like muscle weaknesscerebral palsyor autism. It is advisable to take your child to a therapist for casting the foot and ankle which can help stretch the muscles.
  3. Pigeon Toes: In toeing or pigeon toeing is common among babies when they are first learning to walk. Sometimes children above 3 years walk with their toes inwards which can be due to femoral anteversion. This happens when upper part of the leg bends more than it naturally should, causing inward rotation of the feet. Specially designed shoes and braces can help to correct this condition. Usually, the condition corrects on its own with age and does not interfere with sport activities which involve running.
  4. Knock-Knees: It is a common tendency among children aged between 3 and 6 to develop knock-knees (genu valgum), since their bodies go through natural shift in alignment. Usually, treatment is not required as the legs straighten out eventually. Knock knees on one side or persistent knock knees may require medical attention. Children with this disorder may suffer from pain hence in some cases surgery is recommended after the age of 10.
5549 people found this helpful

Bone Disorder In Children!

Dr. Ashutosh Jha 90% (76 ratings)
AO TRAUMA, DNB (Orthopedics), MS Ortho, MBBS
Orthopedic Doctor, Ghaziabad
Bone Disorder In Children!

Sometimes children suffer from conditions where their feet may not be in proper shape or size which can affect their posture. Most of the times the disorders correct themselves as they grow up but certainly, there can be situations where medical attention is required. These conditions can be normal variations in the anatomy as well which don't essentially require treatment. Some of the common orthopedic disorders found in children include:
1. Flatfeet-

While most babies are born with flat feet which develop arches as they grow, in some case the arches remain underdeveloped even after they grow older. Their feet may turn inwards while they walk due to their flat nature. There is no inherent problem in this condition unless it becomes painful. Doctors may recommend special footwear with arches inserted for support to reduce the pain.
2. Toe Walking-
Toe walking is not a disorder while your child is just learning to walk. Toddlers who continue to walk on their toes after the age of 3 may require medical attention. Toe walking on one leg or persistent toe walking can be due to other medical conditions like muscle weakness, cerebral palsy or autism. It is advisable to take your child to a therapist for casting the foot and ankle which can help stretch the muscles.
3. Pigeon Toes-
In-toeing or pigeon toeing is common among babies when they are first learning to walk. Sometimes children above 3 years walk with their toes inwards which can be due to femoral anteversion. This happens when the upper part of the leg bends more than it naturally should causing inward rotation of the feet. Specially designed shoes and braces can help to correct this condition. Usually, the condition corrects on its own with age and does not interfere with sports activities which involve running.
4. Knock-Knees-
It is a common tendency among children aged between 3 and 6 to develop knock-knees (genu valgum) since their bodies go through a natural shift in alignment. Usually, treatment is not required as the legs straighten out eventually. Knock knees on one side or persistent knock knees may require medical attention. Children with this disorder may suffer from pain hence in some cases surgery is recommended after the age of 10.

2553 people found this helpful

कमजोर हड्डियों का इलाज - Kamzor Haddiyon Ka Ilaj!

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 92% (193 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
कमजोर हड्डियों का इलाज - Kamzor Haddiyon Ka Ilaj!

हमारे बदलते रहन-सहन और खान-पान के कारण अब हड्डियों की समस्या एक आम समस्या है. हड्डियों से संबंधित कई तरह के परेशानियों से लोग पीड़ित हैं. हड्डियों के इन परेशानियों को आपको गंभीरता से लेना चाहिए. यदि आप भी ऐसा सोचते हैं कि दिन में एक गिलास दूध पी लेने से हड्डियों में एक दिन के कैल्शियम की पूर्ति हो जाती है, तो आप गलत हैं. दरअसल कैल्शियम, हड्डियों के स्वास्थ्य और मजबूती के साथ ही ब्लड क्लॉटिंग और मांसपेशियों के विकाश में भी मददगार होती है. यही कारण है कि शरीर को अधिक मात्रा में कैल्शियम चाहिए. लेकिन जो व्यक्ति दिल की बीमारी या पथरी से ग्रसित है उसे कैल्शियम की अत्‍यधिक मात्रा नहीं लेनी चाहिए. ऐसे में आपको चिकित्सक के परार्मश से ही कैल्शियम लेनी चाहिए. हड्डियों में सबसे ज्यादा देखी जाने वाली समस्या है ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस. अब सवाल ये है कि आखिर ये ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस है क्या? तो आपको बता दें कि यह एक छुपा हुआ रोग है. इसके बारे में तब तक पता नहीं चलता है जब तक की खुशी चोट की वजह से आप किसी ने वजह से कोई अधिक टूट ना जाए. जाहिर है जब हड्डियां कमजोर और भुरभुरी हो जाती हैं, तभी उनके टूटने की शुरुआत होती है. आइए इसके बारे में जानें की हम ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस की रोकथाम और इसका उपचार कैसे कर सकते हैं.

1. धूप जरूरी है-

धूप दरअसल ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस के दौरान कैल्शियम का अवशोषण करने के लिए शरीर को विटामिन डी की आवश्यकता होती है. इसलिए इस दौरान यदि आप धूप में 20 मिनट के लिए रोजाना जाएं तो इससे आवश्यक विटामिन डी की कमी की आपूर्ति हो जाती है. लेकिन लेकिन इस बात का ध्यान रखें कि आपको धूप में जबरदस्ती नहीं बैठना है.

2. कैल्शियम और संतुलित आहार से-
जब हमें पता चलता है कि ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस की समस्या किसी व्यक्ति में उत्पन्न हो गई है तो प्रारंभिक तौर पर इसके मरीज को कैल्शियम और विटामिन डी जैसे जरूरी सप्लीमेंट्स लेने की सलाह दी जाती है इसके साथ ही उन्हें यह भी कहा जाता है कि शारीरिक सक्रियता को बनाए रखें ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस में खाने-पीने से संबंधित कोई विशेष परहेज नहीं किया जाता है. लेकिन संतुलित आहार दैनिक रूप से लिया जाना चाहिए.

3. अखरोट और बादाम-
ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस के दौरान आपकी हड्डियों को कैल्शियम विटामिन ई और ओमेगा 3 जैसे फैटी एसिड्स की आवश्यकता होती है. इसके अलावा बदाम में फास्फोरस भी मौजूद होता है जो की हड्डियों और दांतों के लिए बेहद आवश्यक होता है. इसके साथ ही अखरोट में एंटी इंफ्लेमेटरी गुण पाए जाते हैं जो कि मांसपेशियों और हड्डियों की तकलीफ से निजात दिलाने का काम करते हैं. इसलिए नियमित रूप से सुबह खाली पेट 3-4 अखरोट की गिरी खाने से काफी लाभ मिलता है.

4. दूध की सहायता से-
दूध को एक संपूर्ण आहार माना जाता है. क्योंकि इसमें कई पोषक तत्वों के अलावा कैल्शियम और अन्य खनिज पदार्थों की भी उपस्थिति होती है. जो की हड्डियों के लिए बेहद जरूरी होते हैं. इसलिए इस दौरान दूध या दूध से बनी हुई चीजें जैसे कि दही, छाछ, पनीर आदि को अवश्य अपने आहार में शामिल करना चाहिए.

5. सूखे मेवे-
सूखे मेवे का सेवन इस ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस के दौरान काफी लाभदायक साबित होता है. इसके साथ-साथ आप ताजी हरी सब्जियां, अंडे, चने, राजमा, आदि को भी अपने दैनिक आहार में शामिल करना चाहिए.

6. जरूरी है व्यायाम-
व्यायाम के कई फायदे होते हैं. यह हमें कई रोगों से बचाने का काम करता है. इसलिए कोई बीमारी नहीं भी हो तो भी हमें व्यायाम अवश्य करना चाहिए. ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस के दौरान हड्डियों की मजबूती के लिए और मांसपेशियों में लचक के लिए दिन में 30 मिनट का व्यायाम अवश्य करना चाहिए. इस दौरान बेहतर होगा कि किसी चिकित्सक से परामर्श ले लें कि आपको कौन सा व्यायाम करना है.

ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस की समस्या में सिर्फ़ हड्डियाँ ही कमजोर नही होती बल्कि शरीर के कई अंग भी प्रभावित होते है जैसे दाँत, नाख़ून, मांसपेशियाँ आदि. आहार में पौष्टिकता और सतर्कता से हम इस विकार को बड़ी आसानी से दूर कर सकते है. यह कोई लाइलाज बीमारी नही है. वर्तमान समय में ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस की समस्या सिर्फ़ महिलाओं में ही नही बल्कि पुरुषों में भी देखने को मिलती है. इसलिए सतर्कता और सावधानी सभी के लिए ज़रूरी है. क्योंकि असंतुलित भोजन से ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस जैसा रोग किसी को भी हो सकता है. समस्या सामने आते ही अपने डॉक्टर से उपचार तुरंत लें, जिससे कुछ समय पश्चात आप फिर से एक स्वस्थ जीवन जी सकें.

Myelopathy - Types, Causes And Symptoms

MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedic Doctor, Dehradun
Myelopathy - Types, Causes And Symptoms

Myelopathy refers to any neurological deficit in the spinal cord. The three most common types of myelopathy are cervical myelopathy, lumbar myelopathy and thoracic myelopathy. Here are the causes and symptoms of myelopathy.

Causes

1. Injury

This is a very common cause of myelopathy. Any type of accident or even a traumatic event can cause myelopathy and perhaps even paralysis.

2. Spinal stenosis

This is a condition in which the spinal cord narrows. It is one of the leading causes of myelopathy.

3. Degenerative disc disorders

As you get older, these get more likely as well as other conditions which affect the spinal column such as osteoporosis.

4. Tumor

It is a little known fact that tumors very often do cause myelopathy.

5. Multiple sclerosis

There are many other diseases which may cause myelopathy and multiple sclerosis is one of them.

Symptoms

There are many indications that you are having a form of myelopathy and should consult a medical expert. Here are some of them :

1. Changes in coordination

What this means is that all of a sudden you may find it harder to move certain limbs the way you want to. Sometimes, this can affect the whole body.

2. Sudden muscle weakness

It is highly likely that if you have myelopathy then you will have sudden weakness in your muscles.

3. Decreased hand-eye coordination

This is perhaps the biggest indicator of myelopathy since hand eye coordination is directly linked to your spinal cord and brain and if they are not functioning properly then hand-eye coordination will be worse.

These are just some of the symptoms of myelopathy, however the doctor cannot diagnose myelopathy until he does certain tests. These tests include MRI scans and other tests as well as a regular physical check-up in addition to a look at your medical history.

 

4737 people found this helpful

Different Orthopedic Problems In Infant!

Dr. Neelabh 91% (59 ratings)
DNB (Orthopedics), Diploma in Orthopedics, MBBS
Orthopedic Doctor, Delhi
Different Orthopedic Problems In Infant!

Sometimes children suffer from conditions where their feet may not be in proper shape or size which can affect their posture. Most of the times the disorders correct themselves as they grow up but certainly there can be situations where medical attention is required. These conditions can be normal variations in the anatomy as well which don't essentially require treatment.

Some of the common orthopedic disorders found in children include:

1. Flatfeet

While most babies are born with flat feet which develop arches as they grow, in some case the arches remain underdeveloped even after they grow older. Their feet may turn inwards while they walk due to their flat nature. There is no inherent problem in this condition unless it becomes painful. Doctors may recommend special footwear with arches inserted for support to reduce the pain.

2. Toe Walking

Toe walking is not a disorder while your child is just learning to walk. Toddlers who continue to walk on their toes after the age of 3 may require medical attention. Toe walking on one leg or persistent toe walking can be due to other medical conditions like muscle weakness, cerebral palsy or autism. It is advisable to take your child to a therapist for casting the foot and ankle which can help stretch the muscles.

3. Pigeon Toes

In toeing or pigeon toeing is common among babies when they are first learning to walk. Sometimes children above 3 years walk with their toes inwards which can be due to femoral anteversion. This happens when upper part of the leg bends more than it naturally should causing inward rotation of the feet. Specially designed shoes and braces can help to correct this condition. Usually the condition corrects on its own with age and does not interfere with sport activities which involve running.

4. Knock-Knees

It is a common tendency among children aged between 3 and 6 to develop knock-knees (genu valgum), since their bodies go through natural shift in alignment. Usually treatment is not required as the legs straighten out eventually. Knock knees on one side or persistent knock knees may require medical attention. Children with this disorder may suffer from pain hence in some cases surgery is recommended after the age of 10.

4906 people found this helpful

Myelopathy - What Are The Signs Of It?

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedic Doctor, Gurgaon
Myelopathy - What Are The Signs Of It?

Myelopathy refers to any neurological deficit in the spinal cord. The three most common types of myelopathy are cervical myelopathy, lumbar myelopathy and thoracic myelopathy.

Here are the causes and symptoms of myelopathy.

Causes

1.        Injury
This is a very common cause of myelopathy. Any type of accident or even a traumatic event can cause myelopathy and perhaps even paralysis.

2.        Spinal stenosis
This is a condition in which the spinal cord narrows. It is one of the leading causes of myelopathy.

3.        Degenerative disc disorders
As you get older, these get more likely as well as other conditions which affect the spinal column such as osteoporosis.

Decreased hand-eye coordination4.        Tumor
It is a little known fact that tumors very often do cause myelopathy.

5.        Multiple sclerosis
There are many other diseases which may cause myelopathy and multiple sclerosis is one of them.

Symptoms

There are many indications that you are having a form of myelopathy and should consult a medical expert. Here are some of them.

1.        Changes in coordination
What this means is that all of a sudden you may find it harder to move certain limbs the way you want to. Sometimes, this can affect the whole body.

2.        Sudden muscle weakness
It is highly likely that if you have myelopathy then you will have sudden weakness in your muscles.

3.        Decreased hand-eye coordination
This is perhaps the biggest indicator of myelopathy since hand eye coordination is directly linked to your spinal cord and brain and if they are not functioning properly then hand-eye coordination will be worse.

These are just some of the symptoms of myelopathy, however the doctor cannot diagnose myelopathy until he does certain tests. These tests include MRI scans and other tests as well as a regular physical check-up in addition to a look at your medical history.

 

4082 people found this helpful

Knowing More About Some Ortho Disorders In Kids!

Dr. Akash J Parmar 87% (26 ratings)
MS- Orthopaedics, Mch- Ortho, Fellowship in Joint Replacement
Orthopedic Doctor, Vadodara
Knowing More About Some Ortho Disorders In Kids!

Sometimes children suffer from conditions where their feet may not be in proper shape or size which can affect their posture. Most of the times the disorders correct themselves as they grow up but certainly, there can be situations where medical attention is required. These conditions can be normal variations in the anatomy as well which don't essentially require treatment.
Some of the common orthopedic disorders found in children include:

1. Flatfeet

While most babies are born with flat feet which develop arches as they grow, in some case the arches remain underdeveloped even after they grow older. Their feet may turn inwards while they walk due to their flat nature. There is no inherent problem in this condition unless it becomes painful. Doctors may recommend special footwear with arches inserted for support to reduce the pain.

2. Toe Walking
Toe walking is not a disorder while your child is just learning to walk. Toddlers who continue to walk on their toes after the age of 3 may require medical attention. Toe walking on one leg or persistent toe walking can be due to other medical conditions like muscle weakness, cerebral palsy or autism. It is advisable to take your child to a therapist for casting the foot and ankle which can help stretch the muscles.

3. Pigeon Toes
In-toeing or pigeon toeing is common among babies when they are first learning to walk. Sometimes children above 3 years walk with their toes inwards which can be due to femoral anteversion. This happens when the upper part of the leg bends more than it naturally should causing inward rotation of the feet. Specially designed shoes and braces can help to correct this condition. Usually, the condition corrects on its own with age and does not interfere with sports activities which involve running.

4. Knock-Knees
It is a common tendency among children aged between 3 and 6 to develop knock-knees (genu valgum) since their bodies go through a natural shift in alignment. Usually, treatment is not required as the legs straighten out eventually. Knock knees on one side or persistent knock knees may require medical attention. Children with this disorder may suffer from pain hence in some cases surgery is recommended after the age of 10.

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Muscle Strains - Causes, Symptoms And Treatment!

Diploma In Orthopaedic, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Orthopedic Doctor, Mumbai
Muscle Strains - Causes, Symptoms And Treatment!

Muscle strain or muscle pull is a condition, which is characterized by damage to the muscles or its adjoining tendons. Undue pressure can be exerted on the muscle when you are carrying out routine activities such as the sudden lifting of heavy things or playing contact sports. The damage to the muscle is usually in the form of partial or complete tearing of the tendons and fibers attached to the muscles. The small blood vessels in the muscles can also be damaged by the tearing of the muscles, leading to local bleeding and bruising.

The symptoms of muscle pain are:
1. You will experience pain even while resting
2. There will be bruising, swelling and redness around the affected area
3. You will experience weakness of the muscles and tendons
4. The movement and mobility of the muscle will be impaired
5. You will experience pain when you use the affected muscles

The causes of a muscle strain are:
1. Playing contact sports can lead to injuries
2. Lifting heavy things
3. Exercising without a proper warm-up routine
4. Lifting extremely heavy weights during exercise without proper acclimatization
5. Sleeping on one side only for a long period of time
6. Not stretching properly
7. Falling from a height

The treatments for muscle strains are:
1. Pain medications: You can opt for pain-relieving medications such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications to help combat the associated pain of a muscle strain.
2. Rice: Rice stands for rest, ice, compression and elevation. This treatment is usually the first step after suffering a strain, before opting for medications. This treatment prevents further aggravation of the problem.
3. Compress: You can alternate between hot and cold compress to reduce the swelling and pain.
4. Stretches: Once the affected area has healed, it is important for you to stretch the muscles to improve their mobility and strength.

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