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Mood Disorder Treatment: Treatment, Cost and Side Effects

What is Mood Disorders ? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment?(When is the treatment done ?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any Side Effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is Mood Disorders ?

Mood disorders are considered to be a group of ailment which is associated with critical mood changing. These illness causes disturbance in a person’s emotions which generally lead to mood changes. According to research, if a person has mood disorder, he/she has a distorted state of emotions therefore these affects their way of functionality as a n individual. Mood disorders also known as Mood affective, are grouped into;

  1. Major depressive disorder- It is well known of its long and enduring sadness
  2. Bipolar disorder- In other term is referred to as Manic depression or Bipolar affective disorder. It is a disorder hat is associated with frequent depression as well as mania.
  3. Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)- This illness is associated with depression within a few hours of the day commonly in the northern as well as the southern latitudes from late fall to early spring.
  4. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder- This illness involves changes in moods as well as peevishness that affects the female especially in their premenstrual periods but goes off at the beginning of their menstrual cycle.
  5. Dysthymia- It is a prolonged and protracted kind of distress
  6. Disturbing mood dysregulation Illness- It is a chronic condition which is very fatal as well as irritable at the same time, mostly affecting the children at their development stage. This disorder also comprises of alternating ember outbreaks in kids
  7. Depression related to medical illness- This is a persistent and prolonged mood depression which lead to a serous loss of pleasure in many activities. This illness is associated with other medical illness that affects the physical stature of an individual.
  8. Depression triggered by medication or substance use- These is a disorder that arises after a substance is used or after an exposure to a certain medication.

How is the treatment done?

There are various methods used for the treatment of most of the mood disorders and the related illness. For most patients, Mood disorders can be treated successfully with psychotherapy which includes the combination of medications as well as therapy. Depression is well treated though interpersonal therapy as well as cognitive behavior therapy. For Major depressive disorder, medications such as antidepressants are the best way to treat such illness. For Bipolar disorder, medications such as mood stabilizers, anticonvulsants as well as antipsychotics are used to treated this illness. Research has proven that lithium helps to reduce suicide and related contributors of mortality in individuals who suffer from Mood disorders.

In addition, patients suffering from Mood disorder can book an appointment with a professional mental care doctor and talk over the issues regarding their mood illness. Therapy helps a patient to ease off the negative feelings they had which probably affects their social activities as well as their working abilities. For extreme conditions, patients who suffer from suicidal thoughts need emergency medical assistance. Note that mood disorders at very rare scenarios goes away by their own and may worsen over time if you don’t seek medical assistance. Nevertheless, before it reaches to this critical moment, it is appropriate to seek professional support as soon as you start developing symptoms of Mood disorders. Doctor approves this because it is easier to treat Mood disorders while still they are at their earlier stages of infection.

Who is eligible for the treatment?(When is the treatment done ?)

Depression being a treatable ailment, as stated earlier, it is recognized by the changes in the moods, thought or behaviors. Everyone is legible to this illness as it affects individuals from different social classes, age, races as well as ethnicity is not left out. It is a normal thing for individuals to experience different stages in their lifetimes that will either lead them to have stable emotions or affect their moods as a whole. Therefore, those experiencing depressions and Mood disorders should seek medical assistance soon enough in order to avoid adverse effects that may lead to suicidal thoughts. Treatment is well effective if illness is detected early enough.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

In order to conclude that an individual is not eligible for this treatment, let’s take a look at some of the symptoms of depression;

  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Loss of pleasure in common activities
  • Sadness, adamant anxiety or feelings of desolation
  • Feelings of being not helpful or worth as well as guilt
  • Hopeless feelings or despair
  • Restlessness, irritability or grandiosity feelings
  • Short memory in recalling things
  • Difficulties in decision making or staying focused
  • Insomnia
  • Distracted very easily

Taking a look at the above symptoms, individuals who suffer from that usually have Mood disorders. Thus if you are not exposed to any of those, you are not eligible for Mood disorder treatment. Patients who are not having any symptoms related to the diseases or the conditions needed for the treatment are therefore not eligible for the disease. But the best advice can be given by the specialist doctor and therefore it is advised that the patient consults the doctor before the treatment.

Are there any Side Effects?

Most antidepressants usually have side effects that are mild. The very common side effects are;

  • Constipation
  • Drowsiness
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Agitation

Medications of the bipolar disorders also have side effects though they go away within the first days after medication. These side effects include;

  • Loss of coordination
  • Frequent urination
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Hallucinations
  • Blackouts
  • Insinuative speech

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Patients who have been under medication of Moods disorders are usually advised by their medical mental care professionals to avoid alcohol and drug abuse which not only puts them at a high risk of getting depression but also interfere which their body functionality especially when under medication procedure prescribed. In addition, patients with Mood Disorders are also advised to avoid smoking at any cost in order to prevent them from becoming addicts of nicotine which may cause them depression when they try to recover from smoking behaviors.

How long does it take to recover?

Recovering from Moods disorder will depend on the type of illness that has affected a patient. According to scientific research, Patient suffering from mental disorders will begin to recover back to a normal condition in two weeks or a month with effective medication taken. For Bipolar Disorder, it may take longer because our brain cells usually take long period of time to heal. For those suffering from severe manic or psychotic illness, they might end up spending a whole year for them to recover.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Studies on the cost of treatment helps us to estimate the cost that is incurred in most of the medical institutions and what services are offered. In south India, studies conducted on the most severe mood disorders with Bipolar disorder being one of them showed that, treatment cost is based on a certain number of factors such as consultation cost, medicate cost, time for consultation, time for care-giving as well as the income loss in informal care-giving. Thus, total cost of treatment shows; INR 830 for Bipolar disorders, INR 790 for frequent Depression and INR750 for unspecified illness.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Mood disorders with effective medication they can be treated. Before concluding if the result of the treatment is either permanent or not, there are other factors to consider. For effective results, a patient should ensure to adhere to proper medication as prescribed by the doctor. Patients should also learn to follow the post-treatment guidelines and avoid drugs abuse and related stuff. From there, it now depends on the patient’s personality towards life. It is upon them to avoid all the causes that may lead to Moods disorders that may lead to depression and severe causing suicidal thoughts. Individuals should take considerations on their health and seek medical attention. This includes medical checkups that ensure the well-being of a person.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Scientific research has shown that Lithium has the capabilities to minimize suicide and the causes of mortality specifically for those patients suffering from Mental disorders. It has been discovered that, if the diseases of the mitochorian are the direct causes of Bipolar disorder, substances such as melatonin, creatine monohydrate(CM) as well as alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) could be the alternative options of treatment.

Use of complementary as well as alternative medicine (CAM) options, is a potential model in which has come up in the treatment of Moods disorders. CAM involves the use of herbs, mediation practices and so on. Complementary and Alternative medicine has been useful in the treatment of depression, insomnia as well feelings of anxiety. CAM remedies have as well played a big role since most individuals in the past decades have adapted this therapy due to its effectiveness and efficiency at the same time. With CAM treatment, patients are taught how to manage their Mood disorders using natural products such as the mind-body balancing.

Popular Questions & Answers

This is too much… I have been diagnosed with the following mental disorders by psychiatrists from bangalore. 1) I am having 2 mood disorders (major affective depressive disorder, single episode and bipolar 1 disorder, most recent episode) 2) I am having psychotic disorder (grandiose delusional disorder) 3) I am having obsessive compulsive disorder (mild trichotillomania) 4) I am having adjustment disorder with mixed anxiety and depressed mood. 5) I am having personality disorder (moderate cluster b traits, schizotypal personality disorder, premorbid personality disorder) 6) I am having anxiety disorder in conditions classified elsewhere. From december 2020 to june 2021. I had undergone 10 psychotherapy sessions (via phone). Meanwhile, I also contacted various suicide prevention helplines via gmail and phone. And as per the instructions given by psychiatrist. I had completed the medications ,[ antidepressant (escitalopram) and antipsychotic (olanzapine) ] treatment for 46 days (january 2, 2021 to february 18, 2021). And then I stopped the medications by the permission of the psychiatrist. And then the psychiatrist told me to do cbt therapy. I completed 8 weeks of cbt (cognitive behavioural therapy) sessions on 20th may 2021. But the doctor said medications cannot alter the behaviour and even lots of cognitive behavioural therapy sessions will not give the desired result. You only tell…then why is the doctor told to start medications and therapy if they only are saying afterwards that there is no approved cure for the above mental disorders? Why did they play with my life so politely? Then the clinical psychologist from nimhans told me to watch comedy shows like tom and jerry to eliminate negative/suicidal thoughts. Then for almost 1 week I used to watch tom and jerry and my life was smooth….then I came across to the last emotional episode of tom and jerry in which both of them commits suicide by sitting down in the middle of railway track because of love-failure. Their love-interest married to someone else. So, now should I avoid watching tom and jerry for safety reasons? And, the clinical psychologist also advised me not to do meditation right now because…i think she may have told me because if I get obsessed with meditation then I might perform mahāsamādhi yoga. It’s a natural process where people have left their body consciously. It is the peak of yoga.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Rajkot
You should leave your area and change the atmosphere every week and personally prefer start travelling with your love ones places and relatives house please make new friends from travelling and suggesting place where you can find peace and natural...
2 people found this helpful

I took various kind of antidepressants (ssri) for almost 20 years continuously or discontinuously, but never felt fully okay and also faced many side effects. So I decided to quit those ssri pills few years ego. After that I have been experiencing withdrawal symptoms as well as faced many negative incidents in my life. Now I neither continue antidepressants as I have panic on those pills, nor can quit. Is there any alternative treatment to overcome this situation? Please help.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear user. I can understand. Depressive disorder or depression is a neuro chemical disorder. Suicidal tendency is one main symptom of depression. You must be able to distinguish between mental disease and mental disorder. Your problem is a mental ...

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