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Migraine Health Feed

Menstrual Migraine - Ways It Can Be Treated!

MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, FICS, FICOG
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Menstrual Migraine - Ways It Can Be Treated!

Menstrual Migraine can be termed as an extremely persistent headache that can happen just before, during or right after menstruation. Often, the feeling of nausea also keeps on lingering. The cause which triggers this type of migraine can be the fluctuating levels of oestrogen that a woman’s body experiences when she is on her periods.

What can be the possible treatment?

  1. Application of ice pack or simply rubbing ice on your forehead can help lessen the pain a bit.

  2. Relaxation exercises can be practiced to reduce the tension of the muscles.

  3. Acupuncture therapy can also be done to improve the headache and it can further aid in relaxation of the muscles.

  4. Over the counter painkillers such as ibuprofen or paracetamol can be taken for immediate relief.

  5. Your doctor can also administer TRIPTAN (specific drugs used to treat the symptoms of migraine which work on the chemical receptors within the brain) if the pain is unbearable.

  6. Do not experiment much with hormonal contraception methods after unsafe sexual intercourse. It just might worsen the pain.

  7. NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs) can also be administered, only if they have been prescribed by the doctor, as the harmful effects of those drugs are aplenty.

  8. Magnesium deficiency in the body is one of the most important causes for menstrual migraines. Thus, eating foods rich in magnesium such as dark leafy greens, nuts, whole grains, avocados, bananas, etc. and taking magnesium supplements or vitamins are advisable.

  9. There are certain foods which can even trigger such attacks. They include foods packed with monosodium glutamate (MSG), aged cheese and caffeine. Such foods should be strictly avoided. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gynaecologist.
1016 people found this helpful

Migraine - Know Types Of It!

Dr. Bhupesh Kumar 90% (54 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD Medicine, DNB Neurology
Neurologist, Delhi
Migraine - Know Types Of It!

Headaches and migraines can vary drastically depending on their duration, specific symptoms and the person they are affecting. The more you know about your specific type of headache or migraine, the better prepared you will be to treat them—and possibly even prevent them. The two types of migraine are- 

  1. Migraine without aura: The majority of migraine sufferers have Migraine without Aura. 
  2. Migraine with aura: Migraine with Aura refers to a range of neurological disturbances that occur before the headache begins, usually lasting about 20-60 minutes.

Symptoms of migraine vary and also depend on the type of migraine. A migraine has four stages: prodrome, aura, headache and postdrome. But it is not necessary that all the migraine sufferers experience all the four stages.

Prodrome: The signs of this begin to appear a day or two days before the headache starts. The signs include depression, constipation, food cravings, irritability, uncontrollable yawning, neck stiffness and hyperactivity.
Migraine Aura: Auras are a range of symptoms of the central nervous system. These might occur much before or during the migraine, but most people get a migraine without an aura. Auras usually begin gradually and increase in intensity. They last for an hour or even longer and are 

  • Visual: Seeing bright spots, various shapes, experiencing vision loss, and flashes of light
  • Sensory: Present in the form of touch sensations like feeling of pins and needles in the arms and legs
  • Motor: Usually related with the movement problems like the limb weakness
  • Verbal: It is related with the speech problems

Headache: In case of a migraine attack one might experience:

  • Pain on both sides or one side of the head
  • Pain is throbbing in nature
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Sensitivity to smells, sound and light
  • Vision is blurred
  • Fainting and lightheadedness

Postdrome: This is the final phase of the migraine. During this phase one might feel fatigued, though some people feel euphoric.

Red flags that the patient may be having underlying serious disorder not migraine

  1. Onset of headaches >50 years 
  2. Thunderclap headache - subarachnoid haemorrhage 
  3. Neurological symptoms or signs 
  4. Meningism 
  5. Immunosuppression or malignancy 
  6. Red eye and haloes around lights - acute angle closure glaucoma 
  7. Worsening symptoms 
  8. Symptoms of temporal arteritis

These patients require CT scan / MRI or CSF examination. Most Migraine patients do not need these tests. 

Diagnosis of Migraine: Usually migraines go undiagnosed and thus are untreated. In case you experience the symptoms regularly then talk to the doctor, who evaluates the symptoms and can start a treatment. You can also be referred to a neurologist who is trained to treat the migraines and other conditions. During the appointment the neurologist usually asks about the family history of headaches and migraines along with your symptoms and medical history.

The doctor might advise for some tests like:

  1. Blood Tests: These reveal problems with the blood vessel like an infection in the spinal cord and brain.
  2. CT scan: Used to diagnose the infections, tumors, brain damage, and bleeding that cause the migraines.
  3. MRI: This helps to diagnose the tumors bleeding infections, neurological conditions, and strokes.
  4. Lumbar Puncture: For analyzing infections and neurological damages. In lumbar puncture a thin needle is inserted between the two vertebrae to remove a sample of the cerebrospinal fluid for analysis.

Treatments

Migraine treatments can help stop symptoms and prevent future attacks.

Many medications have been designed to treat migraines. Some drugs often used to treat other conditions also may help relieve or prevent migraines. Medications used to combat migraines fall into two broad categories:

  • Pain-relieving medications. Also known as acute or abortive treatment, these types of drugs are taken during migraine attacks and are designed to stop symptoms.
  • Preventive medications. These types of drugs are taken regularly, often on a daily basis, to reduce the severity or frequency of migraines.

Your treatment strategy depends on the frequency and severity of your headaches, the degree of disability your headaches cause, and your other medical conditions.

Some medications aren't recommended if you're pregnant or breast-feeding. Some medications aren't given to children. Your doctor can help find the right medication for you.

952 people found this helpful

When Do You Need A Surgery For Headache?

Dr. Shailesh Jain 86% (13 ratings)
MBBS, MCh, MS
Neurosurgeon, Delhi
When Do You Need A Surgery For Headache?

A headache is the most common ailment to affect men and women. Did you know that there are over 150 different types of headaches? Each of these different types of headaches has its own symptoms, triggers and needs to be treated in a different way. In some cases, you may even require surgery. This is often recommended for severe migraines and cluster headaches.

The different types of surgeries that may be performed to treat such headaches include:

  1. Neurostimulation: For this procedure, a wire electrode is inserted through the skin at the back of the neck near the occipital nerve and used to provide electrical stimulation. This form of surgery is best suited to patients who have benefited positively from an occipital nerve block.
  2. Radiofrequency thermocoagulation: This is one the most common forms of surgical treatment for cluster headaches. For this procedure, a radiofrequency current is used to heat tissue of a certain area. By doing this, the passage for pain is obstructed and headaches are relieved. Some of the side effects of this surgery could include corneal sensory loss, severe facial dysesthesias and reactions to anesthesia. In rare cases, it could also cause a stroke, infections or motor weakness. Thankfully, these effects typically are resolved within 6 months.
  3. Microvascular decompression: This is an invasive procedure that is performed while the patient is under general anesthesia. It also involves a craniectomy. The aim of this procedure is to remove a vascular loop that compresses a nerve and thereby restore normal anatomy. Hospitalization is typically required for a few days after the procedure
  4. Gamma knife radiosurgery: This is the type of neurosurgery where the trigeminal nerve is hit by radiation. This procedure can be performed as an outpatient procedure and can be completed in a few hours. It has a very low rate of complications but the long term effects of this form of treatment are not yet clear. There may also be a high rate of relapses associated with this form of treatment.
  5. Septoplasty: In the case of migraines, a deviated septum may be contributing to your headache. In such cases, surgical correction of the septum can help relieve pressure on the nerves that pass through it and in turn reduce the frequency and intensity of your headaches. Septoplasty addresses common issues concerning the septum such as a bent cartilage or deviated cartilage. This procedure can be performed under local or general anesthesia.
3078 people found this helpful

Ice Cream Headaches - What Causes It?

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 84% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Ice Cream Headaches - What Causes It?

What is Ice cream headaches?

Ice cream headaches are sharp pain in the head that can happen when you eat or drink something cold. Other cold foods and drinks can have the same “brain-freeze” effect.

Symptoms of Ice cream headaches-

  • Severe headache
  • Pain that peaks about 30 to 60 seconds after it begins
  • Pain that rarely lasts longer than five minutes

Causes of Ice cream headaches-

The exact mechanism that causes ice cream headache is not known. It is caused by cold material moving across the roof of your mouth and the back of your throat.

Risk factors of Ice cream headaches-

  • People with a history of head injuries
  • People prone to migraines

Precautions & Prevention of Ice cream headaches-

Avoid the cold food or drinks that cause headaches

Treatment of Ice cream headaches

  • Homeopathic Treatment of Ice cream headaches
  • Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Ice cream headaches
  • Psychotherapy Treatment of Ice cream headaches
  • Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Ice cream headaches
  • Surgical Treatment of Ice cream headaches
  • Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Ice cream headaches
  • Other Treatment of Ice cream headaches

Homeopathic Treatment of Ice Cream Headache-

Homeopathy quickly cures all types of headaches and migraine. It treats the person as a whole. Treatment is constitutional. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. It balances the energy system, improves immunity and body functions. It naturally cures the root cause of disorder. Some of the homeopathic medicines that can be used for treatment of Ice Cream Headache are:

  • Ars alb
  • Carb V
  • Puls
  • Ipecac
  • Calc P

Acupuncture and Acupressure Treatment of Ice Cream Headache-

Acupuncture relieves by improving the physiological function of the organs and organ system. Acupuncture improves energy system of body and controls excess reactions.

Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Ice Cream Headache-

Psychotherapy and hypnotherapy can help in stress relief. They can help in better coping and early relief.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Ice cream headaches-

OTC pain killers may be used.

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Ice cream headaches-

  • Avoid the cold food or drinks that cause headaches
  • Try eating cold foods and drinking cold beverages slowly

 

Recurrent Headache - How Can You Deal With It?

Dr. Neeraj Jain 85% (19 ratings)
MBBS, MD, FIMSA, FIPP, CIPS - Certified Interventional Pain Sonologist
Pain Management Specialist, Delhi
Recurrent Headache - How Can You Deal With It?

Headaches are probably the most commonly experienced body pain. However, for some people, this can be chronic pain that is experienced on an almost daily basis. Such headaches and migraines can affect a person’s quality of life and overall health as well. In such cases, medication is often not preferred as it can have side effects in the long run and can make the body dependent on them.

Four effective alternative therapies that can ease headaches are:

  1. A Massage: Massaging the temples or the neck and shoulder region can help relieve a headache temporarily. Regular massages can also help reduce the frequency of headaches and their intensity.
  2. Stretching Exercises: Tensed muscles can also trigger headaches. Thus, exercising the neck muscles to relax them can help relieve this pain. An easy way to stretch your neck is to move it up and down and side to side slowly. Alternatively, you could shrug your shoulders up and down as well as forwards and backwards. When stretching your muscles, hold a position for about 5 seconds and repeat each exercise 3 to 5 times.
  3. MeditationThe more you think about a headache, the more it pains. Thus by relaxing the mind through meditation, you can help relieve some of the pain. A relaxed mind can also produce more endorphins and hormones that help relieve pain. The best time to meditate is in the early morning and the simplest way is to sit cross-legged and focus on your breath as you inhale and exhale.
  4. Hot and Cold Therapy: This form of therapy can be used by anyone including pregnant women. For pain in the neck region, applying a heat pack can be beneficial while an ice pack can help relieve a pulsating headache. An ice pack lowers the internal body temperature and soothes the artery that supplies blood to the lining of the brain thus relieving the throbbing sensation.

In addition making a few lifestyle changes can also help prevent headaches. These include:

  1. Maintaining a regular routine of eating and sleeping at the same time every day.
  2. Exercising for at least half an hour on a daily basis
  3. Quitting nicotine and alcohol
  4. Finding an effective way to reduce stress
  5. Avoiding factors that might trigger a headache. Keeping a diary can help you identify factors that trigger a headache
  6. Taking only the medication prescribed by a doctor and not self-medicating
  7. Get adequate sleep and rest
     
3987 people found this helpful

I am a male of 13 years. I have got left side migraine from 2 weeks how should it would be prevented please say the names of medicine which for my problem.

Dr. Mandakini 93% (815 ratings)
Bams
Ayurveda, Noida
Is there nausea vomiting any other symptoms please describe here only left side pain does not considered as migrain, is may be due to bp, tension, allergie, cluster headach need ct scan and mri also till can you use pidantak vati.
1 person found this helpful
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Suffering from migraine. Left side of my head pains severely since 3 years. Please help me.

Dr. Shobhit Tandon 89% (989 ratings)
MBBS, PG-Diploma In Clinical Pathology
General Physician, Sri Ganganagar
Took proper sleep ,stop getting tension & stress. Limited use of electronic gadgets. Go for yoga and early morning walking .when head pains take dispirin.
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Dear Doctor, I was suffering from sever headache due to different factors like migraine, sinus etc. After consulting with different doctor I was advised to visit Psychiatrist. And he told that I was suffering from anxiety, stress, and depression. And he suggested to go with his medication for 2-3 years to get cured. He advised to use balanced 750, desvenlafaxine, clocalm. I used them more than 3 years. Then he suggested me to use only Valance OD750, desvenlafaxine, Ritala 354. I am under his medication more than 5 years. Now I don't have any specific issues but when I stop taking medicine next day I suffer from little giddy Ness, or can hear some sounds when turn head or move my eyes. If I take medicine I feel very drowsy during the day and while driving. But when I report this to my doctor he simply says you have decease, hence you have to use medicine. I want to stop the medication as I already had them more than 6 years. So can any of kindly suggest me to come out from this situation. Moreover I am not staying in India now and it is impacting to my career. So please suggest me the best remedy for my problem. Thanks

Dr. Sonal Jain 88% (90 ratings)
Bachlor in homoeopathic
Homeopath, Pune
Hello as per your history I can analyse your situation. See you hv taken medicine since long. So sudden withdrawl is can be dangerous firstly you hv to start meditation yoga so you can calm your mind nd feel secure nd joyfull. Try to be socialize it's help alot do some more effort after that you can feel change so slowly you gonna be normal without any medicine tc.
1 person found this helpful
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Migraine pain alternative both side. Survicle pain and swelling in right side neck.

Dr. Prem Kumari 90% (324 ratings)
BPT, MPT - Orthopedic Physiotherapy
Physiotherapist, Sangrur
Hello Lybrate user. Cervical spondylosis is a syndrome which includes various signs and symptoms according to severity. Actually prolong Neck pain can be due to wrong or improper positions of neck or jerky movement or any accidental injury to neck etc. As your previous condition was spondylitis hence muscles are already swollen and tight. The stiff muscle causes pain. It can be curable by proper physio treatment from qualified Physiotherapist.
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