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Overview

Mental Retardation: Treatment, Cost and Side Effects

What is the Mental Retardation? How is the Mental Retardation treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the Mental Retardation?

Intellectual disability, more commonly known as mental retardation, is a condition where the brain does not function within the normal range of adaptive as well as intellectual functioning. This condition is present from early childhood and children with IQ level measured below 70-75 are known to be suffering from mental retardation. This condition may be caused due to fetal alcohol effect, fetal alcohol syndrome, intake of illegal drugs at the time of pregnancy leading to brain damage, genetic disorders or brain injury. Probable symptoms of intellectual disability include difficulty in following instructions and remembering things, inability to solve a problem or think logically, difficulty in talking, walking and communicating with others, childish behavior inconsistent with one’s age, etc.

Mental retardation can be diagnosed with the help of a number of tests. If a child shows symptoms of physical abnormalities suggesting genetic disorder, the doctor may perform urine test and blood test, Electroencephalogram (EEG) to search for evidence of seizures, and imaging test to look for structural problems in the brain. Ruling out other conditions such as learning disorder, hearing problem, emotional problem and neurological disorder that may cause delayed development, the doctor will prescribe special diet charts or medical treatment. In other cases, you will have to visit a specialist for a counseling session to help your child deal with their disability.

How is the Mental Retardation treatment done?

If diagnosed with intellectual disability, your child will need to undergo a counseling therapy to cope with their disability. During the session, the therapist will interview the parents and observe the behavior of the child to know more about the condition. Ideally a child is regarded mentally retarded if he or she fails in both adaptive and IQ behaviors. Early intervention programs are available for infants and a family service plan is prepared that focuses attention to your child’s needs. The plan consists of detailed information about the different services that your child will need to maintain a normal development. An Individualized Education Program (IEP) is arranged for, which will provide special education to the child and help them with their educational needs. Early intervention also includes occupational and speech therapy, training with special assistive devices, physical therapy, nutritional services and medication.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Children born with IQ level below 70-75, and showing symptoms of intellectual disability like difficulty in following instructions and remembering things, inability in problem-solving or logical-thinking, difficulty in talking, walking and communicating with others, childish behavior inconsistent with one’s age, etc. are eligible for the treatment.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If your child does not show symptoms of mental retardation, they need not undergo any treatment.

Are there any side effects?

There are no known side effects of mental retardation.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Post treatment guidelines for the treatment of mental retardation include the following: getting your child involved more in group activities, letting him or her participate in physical activities, providing emotional support to your child, ensuring they follow proper medicines as prescribed by the doctor or counselor.

How long does it take to recover?

Since treatment of intellectual disability do not yield permanent results, the exact time for recovery is not known.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Mental retardation is a condition present from early childhood. The results of the treatment are not permanent because it is a genetic disorder. However, certain medications and therapies may help improve the condition.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There is no known alternative treatment for mental retardation.

Popular Questions & Answers

Sir I Went to mental hospital the doctor wrote flutix 20 mg loracto-2 when I am using this I am getting side effects like lack of sleep change of behaviour head ache should I continue or stop please tell me sir.

D.P.M
Psychiatrist, Mehsana
Hi and thanks for question. Start of treatment you feel such kind of symptoms due to medication. But continue the medicine. If symptoms persist more than after 15 days than change of medicine needed.
2 people found this helpful

How to be I can mentally strong improve I feel nervous some time so what I need kill the nervous and how to be improve my will power I feel week mentally and nervous, tension.please suggest.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
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Dear user, Anxiety disorders are a category of mental disorders characterized by feelings of anxiety and fear, where anxiety is a worry about future events and fear is a reaction to current events. These feelings may cause physical symptoms, such ...
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I have lot of mental problems. So I am always tensed about my life, some time I am become vilented, I want cool and happy life, what can I do sir,

CCT (UK) General Psychiatry, MD-Psychiatry, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Its good that you have reached out for help. It seems your problems might be because of Anxiety or depression. This problem is curable with proper treatment. Unfortunately, it is not advisable to prescribe medicine without taking detailed history ...
1 person found this helpful

I am 25 year old female my brother is having mental illness is there any chance to get mental illness for my child in future?

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear lybrate-user. I can understand. Please let us know which is the category of mental illness your brother has. Atleast please provide the symptoms. Most of the mental illnesses are not hereditary. There are a few hereditary mental illnesses. Yo...

I'm mentally week, mentally depressed, if I get any problem in life. I stop eating. Because I'm mentally week what's the solution?

POST GRADUATE DIPLOMA IN CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, Masters in clinical psychology
Psychologist, Mumbai
Hi Lybrate user Always think positive. Try to think about your abilities. There are lots of different things you can do for improving your brainpower. First of all believe in yourself and your abilities. Do deep breathing exercise daily, it helps ...
14 people found this helpful

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