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Mental Retardation Tips

Intellectual Disability - How To Administer It?

Dr. Indranil Saha 95% (221 ratings)
MBBS, MD Psychiatry, DPM Psychological Medicine
Psychiatrist, Kolkata
Intellectual Disability - How To Administer It?

As parents watch their children grow, they take pleasure in seeing their kids perform simple activities like crawling, rolling, talking, walking, etc. However, a child’s intellectual development could be hampered, and they could have an intellectual disability (ID). While the symptoms are obvious during infancy in some children, others show symptoms only during their schooling period. There are associated mental conditions like seizures, mood disorders, vision/hearing problems, autism, etc.

In medical terms, a child is said to be affected by ID if his/her IQ is less than 75. Normal IQ ranges between 85 and 115, with the average being 100. There are various tests that a doctor would do to test if the child’s IQ is affected. The following are some milestones that the family can observe to help in diagnosis.

  1. Rolling, sitting, crawling, and walking are all delayed
  2. Improper speech
  3. Slow to learn things like toilet training, dressing, feeding, etc.
  4. Tends to forget things easily
  5. Throwing tantrums to get what they want
  6. Lack of logical thinking, problem-solving, and connecting actions with results

Causes: While the exact aetiology is not established, in 2/3 affected children, ID is the result of when the brain development is affected. Some of the causes include the following:

  1. Genetic conditions like Down syndrome
  2. Alcohol or drugs or smoking abuse, malnutrition, and infections during pregnancy
  3. Issues during childbirth, including forceps delivery, reduced oxygen levels, or premature birth
  4. Illnesses during early stages of life, including whooping cough, meningitis, head injury, toxic substances exposure, severe abuse, and malnutrition

Diagnosis: In addition to IQ tests, other structural abnormalities can be diagnosed using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and an electroencephalogram (EEG) to look for evidence of seizures, etc. Observing the child, interviewing the parents, and testing the child can together help in confirming the diagnosis.

Management: The family has to work together to get the child to lead a normal life. Speech therapy, occupational therapy, nutrition counselling, physical therapy, etc., are all available as support systems to work on improving various aspects. The parents play a critical role and in addition to above, they can do the following:

  1. Learn about the condition as much as possible and support the child.
  2. Allow the child to become independent, even if he/she is making mistakes. Allow them to make mistakes until they learn the right way of doing things. Coax them into taking feedback and learning new things.
  3. Get them involved in group activities like arts, sports, etc.
  4. Keep in touch with the teachers so that you are aware of their progress in school.
  5. Reinforcing learning at home is very essential.
  6. Form support groups with similar parents and caretakers.
  7. ID is definitely not easy to manage in a child, but there is definitely a lot of help available compared to what was available earlier.

Vipasana - Know Essence Of It!

Dr. Vishal Koshiya 90% (137 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurvedic Doctor, Surat
Vipasana - Know Essence Of It!

A number of health problems are rooted in mental instability. Frequent bouts of anger and frustration can lead to stress and related problems. One of the most efficient ways of dealing with this instability and stress is meditation.

Vipasana is an ancient meditative technique that promises to allow a person to see the true nature of things. In Buddhist tradition, it literally translates to insight to the true reality of nature namely impermanence, suffering and the realization of non-self. It focuses on self-observation and the connection between mind and body and aims to eradicate mental impurities.

Vipasana meditation can be broken down into four stages.

  1. Discovering Vitakka and Vicara: The first stage of Vipasana explores the connection between body and mind. This is done by concentrating on inhaling and exhaling and the feeling of air passing over the skin in front of the nose. Vitakka and vicara refer to the concentration and thought required to feel the connection between mind and body.

  2. Disappearance of Vitakka and Vicara: In the second stage, the connection between mind and body is felt effortlessly. Thus, in this stage both vitakka and vicara fade away. This is known as anapana meditation and helps develop control over the mind.

  3. Happiness: When a person reaches the third stage of vipasana, he stops focusing on emotions like pity, sadness, exuberance and only feels happiness. This frees the mind of negativity and hence purifies it.

  4. Equanimity: The fourth and final stage is characterized by mindfulness and leads to clarity. At this stage, a person feels the desire for freedom and understands nature to be ever changing.

Vipasana is taught at a ten day residential program. Here, participants must adhere to a code of discipline that includes absolute silence and abstaining from any form of communication, sexual activity and substance abuse. Participants are taught the basics of the meditation technique and how to practice it but to benefit fully from it, regular meditation is necessary. Advanced vipasana students may attend 20, 30, 45 and 60-day courses to practice vipasana. An introduction to vipasana is also given to children in the form of short 3 day courses.

Ultimately, vipasana enables the practitioner to experience peace and harmony within oneself and with the rest of the world. It frees the mind from craving and hence also helps people abstain from social evils like stealing and killing. Thus, vipasana has the capacity to change minds and character and helps practitioners lead to fulfilling healthy lives.

2539 people found this helpful

दिमाग की कमजोरी - Dimag Ki Kamzori!

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 92% (193 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurvedic Doctor, Lakhimpur Kheri
दिमाग की कमजोरी - Dimag Ki Kamzori!

कई कारणों से दिन-प्रतिदिन हमारी जीवनशैली में लगातार बदलाव का असर हमारे दिमाग पर भी पड़ा है. पिछले कुछ वर्षों में कई लोगों में दिमागी कमजोरी की शिकायतें लगातार बढ़ रही हैं. हमारी जीवन शैली में में आने वाले बदलावों के कारण हमारे सोचने और काम करने की प्रक्रिया में भी परिवर्तन आया है. आजकल हम देखते हैं कि आधुनिक समाज में हर व्यक्ति दूसरे व्यक्ति से किसी भी कीमत पर आगे निकलना चाहता है. आप अपने चारों तरफ देखेंगे तो पता चलेगा कि हर तरफ आगे बढ़ने की होड़ लगी है. इन्हीं सब कारणों से हमारे मस्तिष्क पर अतिरिक्त भार पड़ता है. अब हालत ये है कि कम उम्र के लोग भी तनाव से ग्रसित हैं. कई बार आदमी का दिमाग कमजोर पड़ने लगता है. इसकी वजह से समस्या कई बार इतनी गंभीर हो जाती है कि व्यक्ति के मस्तिष्क में दौरे पड़ने लगते हैं. इस वजह से व्यक्ति अपने हर एक काम के लिए दूसरों पर निर्भर हो जाता है. उसे बोलने, पढ़ने, लिखने, समझने में दिक्कत आती है. साथ ही व्यक्ति की याद्दाश्त भी कमजोर होने लगती है. आइए इस लेख के माध्यम से दिमागी कमजोरी को विस्तारपूर्वक समझें.

1. क्या है दिमागी कमजोरी

दिमाग को सही ढंग से काम करने के लिए पर्याप्त ऑक्सीजन चाहिए होता है. यदि दिमाग की कोशिकाओं तक ऑक्सीजन या अन्य पोषक तत्वों की प्रयाप्त मात्रा नहीं पहुंचती है तो मस्तिष्क की कार्यक्षमता प्रभावित होती है. जो दिमागी कमजोरी के रूप में सामने आता है. यदि दिमाग के किसी प्रमुख हिस्से में रक्त पहुंचाने वाली कोशिका में थक्का जम जाए तो, इस तरह की समस्या होती है. जब भी दिमाग का दौरा पड़ता है, तो एक मिनट के भीतर ही सभी प्रभावित कोशिकाएं दम तोड़ने लगती हैं. ऐसी स्थिति मे मरीज अपनी देखभाल तक करने लायक नहीं रहता. उसमें हिलने की भी शक्ति नहीं रहती.

2. दिमागी कमजोरी के लक्षण
हाथों-पैरों या चेहरे में अचानक झुनझुनाहट महसूस होना या कमजोरी आना. शरीर के एक तरफा हिस्से में लकवा भी आ सकता है. समझने या बोलने में एकाएक रुकावट आना. एक या फिर दोनों आंखों से दिखने में दिक्कत आना. चक्कर आना, चलने में परेशानी होना. शरीर को संतुलित रखने में परेशानी आना. गंभीर मरीज का बेहोशी में जाना. बिना किसी वजह के सिर में तेज दर्द उठना. किसी व्यक्ति में अगर ऐसा कोई लक्षण दिखे तो उसे तुरंत ही किसी न्यूरोलॉजिस्ट से सलाह लेनी चाहिए. ऐसे परिस्थिति में समय की बहुत कीमत होती है. जरा सी भी लापरवाही आपको अपनी जान देकर चुकानी पड़ सकती है.

3. दिमागी कमजोरी के कारण
यह बीमारी किसी भी व्यक्ति को हो सकती है. लेकिन यह ऐसे लोगों में अधिक होती है, जिन्हें धूम्रपान या तंबाकू की आदत होती है और जिन लोग को मधुमेह, उच्च रक्तचाप, डायबिटीज आदि बिमारी होती है. इसके अलावा जो लोग व्यायाम नहीं करते, ज्यादा घी- तेल खाने वालों में, मोटे लोगो में, तली हुई व चर्बीयुक्त पदार्थ अधिक खाने वालों और ज्यादा शराब पीने वाले लोगों में भी यह परेशानी होती है. आनुवंशिकता और तनाव भी इस बिमारी के काफी बड़े कारण है.

4. दिमागी कमजोरी से बचाव
इस बिमारी को दूर करने के लिए मांसपेशियों में होने वाले खिंचाव को कम करके गतिहीनता को दूर किया जाता है. रोज़ाना एक्सरसाइज़ से भी फायदा पहुंचता है. लेकिन यह उपाय मरीज को पूरी तरह ठीक नहीं कर पाते. इसलिए डाक्टर रोगी की हालत व गतिहीनता को देखकर उपचार करते हैं. खानपान की आदतों में भी कुछ बदलाव करके इस बीमारी के जोखिम को घटाया जा सकता है. खाने में फलों और हरी सब्जियां को शामिल करें. अधिक वसा, चिकनाई वाले खाद्य पदार्थो व जंक फूड्स से दूर रहें. चीनी व नमक का कम उपयोग भी सहायता करता है. वजन कंट्रोल करने के लिए सुबह टहलने की आदत डालें.

7 people found this helpful

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 89% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome!

What is Fetal alcohol syndrome?

Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a condition that results from alcohol exposure during pregnancy. When a woman drinks alcohol during pregnancy, she risks giving birth to a child who will pay the price in mental and physical deficiencies for his or her entire life.

Symptoms of Fetal alcohol syndrome-

  • Deformities of joints, limbs and fingers
  • Low birth weight
  • Small head circumference
  • Slow physical growth before and after birth
  • Vision difficulties or hearing problems
  • Poor coordination
  • Lack of imagination or curiosity
  • Mental retardation and delayed development
  • Learning disorders
  • Abnormal behavior
  • Social withdrawal
  • Heart defects

Causes of Fetal alcohol syndrome-

When you’re pregnant and drink alcohol, it enters your bloodstream and reaches your developing fetus by crossing the placenta. It interferes with the delivery of oxygen and optimal nutrition to your baby’s developing tissues and organs, including the brain.

Risk factors of Fetal alcohol syndrome-

  • Alcohol consumption during pregnancy
  • Diagnosis of Fetal alcohol syndrome

Fetal alcohol syndrome can be diagnosed before a baby is born. Your doctor can assess the health of mother and baby during pregnancy. If you let your child’s doctor know that you drank alcoholic beverages during your pregnancy, he or she can watch for signs and symptoms of this syndrome in your child’s initial weeks, months and years of life.

Precautions & Prevention of Fetal alcohol syndrome-

The following precautions can help prevent fetal alcohol syndrome:

  • Don’t drink alcohol if you’re trying to get pregnant
  • Avoid alcohol throughout your pregnancy
  • If you have an alcohol problem, get professional help before you get pregnant

Treatment of Fetal alcohol syndrome-

  • Homeopathic Treatment of Fetal alcohol syndrome
  • Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Fetal alcohol syndrome
  • Psychotherapy Treatment of Fetal alcohol syndrome
  • Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Fetal alcohol syndrome
  • Surgical Treatment of Fetal alcohol syndrome
  • Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Fetal alcohol syndrome
  • Other Treatment of Fetal alcohol syndrome


Treatment of Fetal alcohol syndrome-

Homeopathic Treatment of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome-

Homeopathy may play a supportive role. It can prevent as well as provides significant relief in complaints like promoting normal physical and mental development and body functions. Some of the homeopathic medicines for fetal heart syndrome are:

  • Bar C
  • Nux V
  • Ant C
  • Chel
  • Lach 

Surgical Treatment of Fetal alcohol syndrome-

Heart abnormalities may require surgery.

Other Treatment of Fetal alcohol syndrome-

  • Learning problems may be helped by special services in school.
  • Parents often benefit from counseling to help the family with a child’s behavioral problems

 

Autism - How Homeopathy Can Handle It?

Dr. Yamini Ramesh 91% (69 ratings)
BHMS, CCAH, Fellowship course in Advance Homoepath - FCAH
Homeopathy Doctor, Indore
Autism - How Homeopathy Can Handle It?

The human brain is a unique and intricate organ which performs many functions both consciously and subconsciously. However, during the formation of the brain within the mother's womb, the slightest of changes can cause damages to it which manifest in many forms after birth. One of the forms it may manifest in is Autism.

What is Autism?

Autism, sometimes also classified as part of the Autism Spectrum disorder or ASD is a disorder of brain development which will affect a child's capability to interact socially, in communicating through verbal and nonverbal means as well as exhibit repetitive behaviors. Some severe cases of these behaviors may also result in self-harm as well. 

Other than this some other characteristics may be:

1. Major to minor difficulties in motor coordination
2. Intellectual disabilities
3. Attention problems
4. Gastrointestinal problems
5. Sleep-related problems among others

How homeopathy can help?

Conventional medicine is mostly used to treat some of the symptoms but is never used to cure or provide remedies for autism. A proper professional homeopath will be able to guide you to get the best results for your child and reduce all the problems of autism, if not outright cure it. Some of the medications that could be used to treat autism are as follows:

1. Carcinosin - This is very helpful in children affected by autism who are talented but are obsessive, compulsive, stubborn and also have sleep-related issues. These children may also have addictive disorders.

2. Agaricus - This medication is very good for children who may be mentally and physically awkward and show symptoms like indifference, muttering, talking, shouting or singing but not answering to direct calls or questions. Agaricus is very effective for children who suffer from involuntary jerking when they are awake.

3. Cuprum Metallicum - This works wonders when the child is being very obsessive, angry and is inflexible, tense and is very aggressive towards their parents. Some of these children may even exhibit malicious behaviors and are usually averse to touch or being approached. 

4. Androctonus - A child or a patient who tends to swing wildly from a stable god mood to a destructive mode can be calmed down or evened out by Androctonus. These children also exhibit behaviors of suspiciousness and quickness to act on their compulsion. 

5. Helleborus - This is a very effective medication when the child is slow and underactive and seems to be depressed most of the time. Some of these children may also have muscular weakness and Helleborus is very effective in treating them.

These are only a few examples of how homeopathy can provide remedies for your autistic child and this is an effective solution. However, you may need to consult a homeopathic doctor who can tailor make doses and medications after diagnosing the specific symptoms that your child may be having.

4731 people found this helpful

Intellectual Disability (Mental Retardation) - How Homeopathy Can Help?

Dr. Hiral Kumar Rakholiya 90% (1768 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Ahmedabad
Intellectual Disability (Mental Retardation) - How Homeopathy Can Help?

If your child is suffering from mental retardation, homeopathy can help. A system of complementary medicine, homeopathy works on the dictum of ‘like treats like’. It is able to treat some of the toughest disorders and illnesses that allopathy finds hard to contain.

Mental retardation: Definition

  • Mental retardation is a blanket term for a pattern of persistently slow learning of basic motor and language milestones during childhood.
  • The adult manifests a below-normal intellectual capacity too.Such people have an intelligence quotient (IQ) of 70 or below.
  • They usually have developmental disabilities, developmental delay, or learning difficulties.

Signs

These signs should alert parents and spur them to see a doctor-

  1. If your child learns to sit up, to crawl, or to walk later than other children
  2. Trouble speaking and forming words, remembering things, and having trouble understanding social rules
  3. Trouble solving problems
  4. Trouble thinking logically

What needs to be made clear is that poor academic performance by itself is not a sign of mental retardation. It can be due to multifarious reasons like behaviour problems.

Causes of mental retardation

  1. Down syndrome and Fragile X syndrome are the most common genetic causes of mental retardation.
  2. Problems during pregnancy and birth
  3. Rubella infection in pregnant mother
  4. Iodine deficiency in mothers
  5. Malnutrition is a common cause of reduced intelligence in children.

Here are some homoeopathic remedies for the treatment of mental retardation. All you have to keep in mind is to treat this article as a guide and take medicines only under the guidance of a certified and trained homeopath.

  1. Abrotanum: This remedy works when your child shows marked emaciation of legs, has ageing, flabby, and loose skin, and he cannot hold up his head.
  2. Baryta carb: This homeopathy remedy is very effective in treating cretinism which is marked by a dwarfish appearance, mental retardation, with swollen abdomen, puffy face, enlarged glands, thick lips and short stature. Such children also show delayed milestones like learning to walk and speak.
  3. Calcarea carb: When your child presents symptoms like obesity, a chalky look with red face, large belly, large head, pale skin, soft bones, increased sweating, mental slowness, de¬layed skills-walking, talking, etc., this remedy is indicated.
  4. Medorrinum: The remedy is prescribed by homeopaths when your child presents symptoms like dullness and sluggishness, extreme forgetfulness, imbecility, impatience, irritability, difficulty in concentration etc. The remedy is very good for treating delusions, hallucinations, and illusions.

There are other things that you as a parent can do to help your intellectually disabled child like learn everything you can about intellectual disabilities. This way you can guide your child to live a near-normal life successfully. Also get your child involved in group activities like art classes, drawing etc. This will help him learn social skills and become more independent.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3308 people found this helpful

Homeopathy And Mental Disorder!

Dr. Gopinath Menon 90% (125 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Mumbai
Homeopathy And Mental Disorder!

If your child is suffering from mental retardation, homeopathy can help. A system of complementary medicine, homeopathy works on the dictum of ‘like treats like’. It is able to treat some of the toughest disorders and illnesses that allopathy finds hard to contain.

Mental retardation: Definition

  1. Mental retardation is a blanket term for a pattern of persistently slow learning of basic motor and language milestones during childhood.
  2. The adult manifests a below-normal intellectual capacity too. Such people have an intelligence quotient (IQ) of 70 or below.
  3. They usually have developmental disabilities, developmental delay, or learning difficulties.

Signs

These signs should alert parents and spur them to see a doctor-

  1. If your child learns to sit up, to crawl, or to walk later than other children
  2. Trouble speaking and forming words, remembering things, and having trouble understanding social rules
  3. Trouble solving problems
  4. Trouble thinking logically

What needs to be made clear is that poor academic performance by itself is not a sign of mental retardation. It can be due to multifarious reasons like behaviour problems.

Causes of Mental Retardation

  1. Down syndrome and Fragile X syndrome are the most common genetic causes of mental retardation.
  2. Problems during pregnancy and birth
  3. Rubella infection in pregnant mother
  4. Iodine deficiency in mothers
  5. Malnutrition is a common cause of reduced intelligence in children.

 

ADHD - Most Common Mental Disorder

ADHD or Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder refers to those psychological disorders, which significantly alter a child's behavior and considerably affects his or her relationships with others. This condition is seldom preceded by perceptible symptoms and even when they do, they are difficult to decipher. However some of them are:

  1. Self-centered: Those children who suffer from the attention deficit hyperactivity syndrome tend to be encapsulated in their own subjectivity. Though this does seem harmless apparently, this tendency may lead them to be insensitive to other's needs and wants.
  2. Emotional outbursts: ADHD makes children extremely susceptible to frequent emotional outbursts and makes them erratic.
  3. Difficulty in concentration: Children who suffer from ADHD face extreme difficulty in concentrating or focusing on things. Many a times they fail to repeat what was told to them.

Autism - Mental Disorder

Autism, sometimes also classified as part of the Autism Spectrum disorder or ASD is a disorder of brain development, which will affect a child's capability to interact socially, in communicating through verbal and nonverbal means as well as exhibit repetitive behaviors. Some severe cases of these behaviors may also result in self-harm as well. 

Other than this some other characteristics may be:

  1. Major to minor difficulties in motor coordination
  2. Intellectual disabilities
  3. Attention problems
  4. Gastrointestinal problems
  5. Sleep related problems among others

How homeopathy can help

Conventional medicine is mostly used to treat some of the symptoms but is never used to cure or provide remedies for a mental disorder. A proper professional homeopath will be able to guide you to get the best results for your child and reduce all the problems of the respective disorder, if not outright cure it. 

After a case taking and proper evaluation of the case the homeopath decides which remedy is to be given. Results are quick and the changes in the children are seen fast.

​There are other things that you as a parent can do to help your intellectually disabled child like learn everything you can about intellectual disabilities. This way you can guide your child to live a near-normal life successfully. Also get your child involved in group activities like art classes, drawing etc. This will help him learn social skills and become more independent.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4212 people found this helpful

Stereotypic Movement Disorder - How To Deal With It?

Dr. Ashish Sakpal 91% (799 ratings)
DNB (Psychiatry), DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Stereotypic Movement Disorder - How To Deal With It?

We all tend to engage in some repetitive activities at various points in our lives. However, when a person continues to engage in the same activities which are rhythmic but purposeless, resulting in self-injury or injury to others, it is known as stereotypic movement disorder (SMD). In order to qualify as an SMD, the routine movements should continue for at least four weeks and should interfere with the daily functioning.

This disorder is more common in adolescent boys than in girls, and is associated with other mental conditions like Autism, intellectual disability (ID), and neurological disorders. The repeated actions tend to aggravate with frustration, boredom, stress, and anger. Some of the common movements include head banging, self-biting, nail biting, rocking, handshaking, waving into the air, putting objects in the mouth, and picking one’s own skin.
There is no known cause for this disease, though head injury and cocaine are said to cause SMD.

Treatment: Suspected children are diagnosed with SMD after a thorough clinical examination and interview with the parents is done. The treatment then includes a two-pronged approach—improving function and preventing injury.

  1. The environment is usually made safer so that even if the repetitive actions are being carried out, the damage done to the child is minimised. For instance, for a child who might be banging his/her head repeatedly, a helmet may be used.
  2. Antidepressants, in mild doses, may prove to be useful for some children to control their sadness, which is a trigger for the repetitive behaviour. Atypical antipsychotics such as risperidone or aripiprazole are also used for patients who might have associated autism symptoms.
  3. Another trigger is stress, which should be reduced for the child. This prevents the onset of repetitive action, which in turn prevents injury. The child is also trained on how to control his/her own emotions. For instance, children with this condition are taught to put their hands in their pocket if they get a strong urge to pick their own skin. This, when done over a period of time, can help control the habit.
  4. The child is also taught relaxation techniques, which can help in controlling the urge.
  5. Behavioural therapy approach known as differential reinforcement of other behaviours (DRO) is used where socially appropriate behaviours of the child are suitably rewarded. Over a period of time, this becomes a habit, and good behaviours are reinforced.
  6. Another behavioural approach called functional communication training (FTC) is used where the child uses alternative actions or verbal responses in place of the repetitive, harmful actions. This again is reinforced to form a habit with time.

All affected people can have significant reduction in symptoms with a combination of medications and counselling and supportive therapy. Early detection and intervention can help in curtailing the progression of the symptoms. Consult an Expert & get answers to your questions!

2850 people found this helpful

Mentally Retarded Children - How Homeopathy Can Help?

Dr. Sangita Daithankar 88% (85 ratings)
Diploma in Diet and Nutrition, PG HOM (London), CCH, CGO, BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Mumbai
Mentally Retarded Children - How Homeopathy Can Help?

If your child is suffering from mental retardation, homeopathy can help. A system of complementary medicine, homeopathy works on the dictum of ‘like treats like’. It is able to treat some of the toughest disorders and illnesses that allopathy finds hard to contain.

Mental retardation: Definition

  • Mental retardation is a blanket term for a pattern of persistently slow learning of basic motor and language milestones during childhood.
  • The adult manifests a below-normal intellectual capacity too.Such people have an intelligence quotient (IQ) of 70 or below.
  • They usually have developmental disabilities, developmental delay, or learning difficulties.

Signs

These signs should alert parents and spur them to see a doctor-

  1. If your child learns to sit up, to crawl, or to walk later than other children
  2. Trouble speaking and forming words, remembering things, and having trouble understanding social rules
  3. Trouble solving problems
  4. Trouble thinking logically

What needs to be made clear is that poor academic performance by itself is not a sign of mental retardation. It can be due to multifarious reasons like behaviour problems.

Causes of mental retardation

  1. Down syndrome and Fragile X syndrome are the most common genetic causes of mental retardation.
  2. Problems during pregnancy and birth
  3. Rubella infection in pregnant mother
  4. Iodine deficiency in mothers
  5. Malnutrition is a common cause of reduced intelligence in children.

Here are some homoeopathic remedies for the treatment of mental retardation. All you have to keep in mind is to treat this article as a guide and take medicines only under the guidance of a certified and trained homeopath.

  1. Abrotanum: This remedy works when your child shows marked emaciation of legs, has ageing, flabby, and loose skin, and he cannot hold up his head.
  2. Baryta carb: This homeopathy remedy is very effective in treating cretinism which is marked by a dwarfish appearance, mental retardation, with swollen abdomen, puffy face, enlarged glands, thick lips and short stature. Such children also show delayed milestones like learning to walk and speak.
  3. Calcarea carb: When your child presents symptoms like obesity, a chalky look with red face, large belly, large head, pale skin, soft bones, increased sweating, mental slowness, de¬layed skills-walking, talking, etc., this remedy is indicated.
  4. Medorrinum: The remedy is prescribed by homeopaths when your child presents symptoms like dullness and sluggishness, extreme forgetfulness, imbecility, impatience, irritability, difficulty in concentration etc. The remedy is very good for treating delusions, hallucinations, and illusions.

There are other things that you as a parent can do to help your intellectually disabled child like learn everything you can about intellectual disabilities. This way you can guide your child to live a near-normal life successfully. Also get your child involved in group activities like art classes, drawing etc. This will help him learn social skills and become more independent. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Homeopath.

3075 people found this helpful

15 Types of Special Needs in Children

Ms. Kaustubhi Shukla 88% (133 ratings)
M.Sc - Psychological Counseling, B.A ( Hons) - Psychology
Psychologist, Delhi
15 Types of Special Needs in Children

Parenting is a lifetime job be it for a normal child or a child with special needs. Parents are teachers, guides, leaders, protectors and providers for their children. Parenting is a process of promoting and supporting the physical, emotional, social, financial and intellectual development of a child from infancy to adulthood. Every child is a gift and a blessing to their parents. On the other hand, parenting itself is one of the toughest jobs and that too for a child with special needs, it is both a blessing and challenge.

It is a very unique experience to live with a disabled child as it has a major impact on the family, siblings and extended family members. However, discovering a problem should be the initial step to start with parenting such children. Discovering a child's special needs is often a confusing and painful process for parents as sometimes learning difficulties can be multiple and difficult to pinpoint and it can be hard for parents to know whether things are normal or not.

There are various categories of disabilities that your child might fall under. For example: Specific Learning Disability (SLD), Other Health Impairment, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Emotional disturbance, Speech or language impairment, Visual impairment, including blindness, Deafness, Deaf-blindness, Orthopedic impairment, Intellectual disability, Traumatic brain injury, Multiple disabilities.

Some common indications for the development of learning disabilities which can be taken into consideration

  1. Difficulty with reading/writing
  2. Problems with math skills
  3. Difficulty in remembering
  4. Problem in paying attention
  5. Trouble following directions
  6. Difficulty with concepts related to time
  7. Problem in staying organized
  8. Impulsive behavior
  9. Inappropriate responses in school or social situations
  10. Difficulty staying on task(easily distracted)
  11. Difficulty finding the right way to say something
  12. Immature way of speaking
  13. Inconsistent school performance
  14. Difficulty listening well
  15. Problem in understanding words or concept

But the above mentioned signs are not enough to determine that a person has a learning disability. A professional assessment is also necessary to diagnose a learning disability because every disability has its own signs and unless they persist over time cannot be considered as a 'disability'. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a psychologist.

2388 people found this helpful
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