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Overview

Mental Retardation: Treatment, Cost and Side Effects

What is the Mental Retardation? How is the Mental Retardation treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the Mental Retardation?

Intellectual disability, more commonly known as mental retardation, is a condition where the brain does not function within the normal range of adaptive as well as intellectual functioning. This condition is present from early childhood and children with IQ level measured below 70-75 are known to be suffering from mental retardation. This condition may be caused due to fetal alcohol effect, fetal alcohol syndrome, intake of illegal drugs at the time of pregnancy leading to brain damage, genetic disorders or brain injury. Probable symptoms of intellectual disability include difficulty in following instructions and remembering things, inability to solve a problem or think logically, difficulty in talking, walking and communicating with others, childish behavior inconsistent with one’s age, etc.

Mental retardation can be diagnosed with the help of a number of tests. If a child shows symptoms of physical abnormalities suggesting genetic disorder, the doctor may perform urine test and blood test, Electroencephalogram (EEG) to search for evidence of seizures, and imaging test to look for structural problems in the brain. Ruling out other conditions such as learning disorder, hearing problem, emotional problem and neurological disorder that may cause delayed development, the doctor will prescribe special diet charts or medical treatment. In other cases, you will have to visit a specialist for a counseling session to help your child deal with their disability.

How is the Mental Retardation treatment done?

If diagnosed with intellectual disability, your child will need to undergo a counseling therapy to cope with their disability. During the session, the therapist will interview the parents and observe the behavior of the child to know more about the condition. Ideally a child is regarded mentally retarded if he or she fails in both adaptive and IQ behaviors. Early intervention programs are available for infants and a family service plan is prepared that focuses attention to your child’s needs. The plan consists of detailed information about the different services that your child will need to maintain a normal development. An Individualized Education Program (IEP) is arranged for, which will provide special education to the child and help them with their educational needs. Early intervention also includes occupational and speech therapy, training with special assistive devices, physical therapy, nutritional services and medication.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Children born with IQ level below 70-75, and showing symptoms of intellectual disability like difficulty in following instructions and remembering things, inability in problem-solving or logical-thinking, difficulty in talking, walking and communicating with others, childish behavior inconsistent with one’s age, etc. are eligible for the treatment.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If your child does not show symptoms of mental retardation, they need not undergo any treatment.

Are there any side effects?

There are no known side effects of mental retardation.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Post treatment guidelines for the treatment of mental retardation include the following: getting your child involved more in group activities, letting him or her participate in physical activities, providing emotional support to your child, ensuring they follow proper medicines as prescribed by the doctor or counselor.

How long does it take to recover?

Since treatment of intellectual disability do not yield permanent results, the exact time for recovery is not known.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Mental retardation is a condition present from early childhood. The results of the treatment are not permanent because it is a genetic disorder. However, certain medications and therapies may help improve the condition.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There is no known alternative treatment for mental retardation.

Popular Questions & Answers

My 79 year old father has severe hallucinations and fear psychosis .he believes in imaginary things and is not ready to listen to anyone. Gets so angry and shouts on everyone.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Post Graduate Diploma in Mental Health (PGDMH), Diploma in Clinical Psychiatry, (DCP), Member of College of Psychiatrists,Ireland, (MCPsychI), Master of Psychiatry (M.Psych)
Psychiatrist, Dehradun
Given your father's current age, there are various possibilities, but most likely it is a physical condition rather than purely psychiatric. I would advice you to consult a psychiatrist dealing with geriatric/old patients, which I happen to be one...

My dad is 75 years old. Since last october, he is suffering from mental health issues. He started to get angry on frivolous matters, talking much on unnecessary things, imagine non-existent things (like someone has stolen his dress), etc. We therefore consulted a physiatrist for medical help. Initially, since there was not much improvement in my dad’s condition the doctor increased the dosage. But when my dad became too silent, the doctor started decreasing the dosage. As the medication continued for next 5 months, my dad started behaving in reverse order (talking very less, always sleeping, lost appetite for eating, walking very slowly, getting irritated with sounds). As his condition was same even after reducing the dosage 2-3 times, we consulted another physiatrist who was highly recommended by people know to us. However, things got worse and in the first day of medication itself my dad’s health worsened. He was not able to stand / walk properly and was completely drowsy. For the next few days, the doctor changed the medication several times. Currently, he has stopped medicines for mental health issues and has prescribed medicines for improving his physical health. However, my dad hasn’t recuperated properly and still not able to walk around freely, sometimes loosing balance when standing, sitting, climbing up steps and getting down from steps, seems lost in his thoughts and don’t communicate much with us. He also has difficulty in wearing his shirts (especially, putting buttons on). He also gets confused while choosing places to sit and ends up sitting on the edge / corners of the chair and sofa. He has also lost his appetite for eating. To sum up, before we started this medication, he was able to do his daily chores all by himself without our support. But now he is completely dependent on us. We are lost for reasons for this change of behavior and physical condition of my dad. Kindly let us know, if we are doing proper medication and any suggestion you have on treatment. Following are his present medications: •syndopa 275 (4 times a day every 4 hours) •selgin 5 mg (2 times a day) •syndopa cr (1 time in night) •complete td (1 time in night) •betonin syrup (5 ml for three times) he is also taking his regular medicine for blood pressure (arkamin 100 mg and amladoc 5 mg one time each) we are also worried about him taking excessive medicines at this old age. Please help us with your valuable guidance.

Pain Medicine Externship, Fellowship In Addiction Psychiatry & Addiction Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Psychiatrist, Panchkula
Hello sanjeeva I hear your concerns in this regard. I think you need to speak with your doctor or setup an online consult so that the medication regime can be streamlined after taking into account detailed medical history and past reports.

I was taking qutan 50 mg white colour tablet without any line on it. Now I need qutan 25 mg tablet for 7 days. Can I take half from 50 mg tablet.

Diploma in Psychological Medicine-DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Ahmedabad
Depends whether it was a sustained relelase / extended release preparation or plain one. If it was an extended/sustained release preparation then it will lose its effectiveness as long term preparation by crushing it. So not recommended. (qutan sr...

My parents don't know that I am taking fluvoxamine and fluoxetine from 4 months .my sister is on life long medication for schizophrenia. How will I convince them for its continued use as eventually they will come to know somehow?

M.B.B.S, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Ghaziabad
Hi lybrate-user it's not an illicit drug which you are taking, I believe you have a valid prescription for same. I wonder why would anybody take fluoxetine and fluvoxamine silultaneously as they both are of same class and work in same way, so why ...

I am taking olanex f 5+20 mg since last 10 years. I am on medication since last 16 years. What disease I have? Doctor told my family that I have to take medicine for lifetime. Will my disease worsen with time. I think I am suffering from schizophrenia.

MD Medicine, DM Neurology
Neurologist,
Dear lybrate-user, the tablet you are using is used for bipolar disorder and must have been prescribed by a psychiatrist, it will be ok to meet your doctor again and confirm the requirement. Do not change or stop the medicine on your own.

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