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Menstrual Problems Treatment Tips

Menstrual Disorders - What Can Cause Them?

Dr. Padmaja Mohan 94% (181 ratings)
MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, DCN -Diploma in Clinical Nutrition, MBBS, Fellowship in Cosmetic Gynaecologgy
Gynaecologist, Noida
Menstrual Disorders - What Can Cause Them?

Menstrual disorders are caused by a variety of factors and affect every woman in a different manner. In most cases, it manifests itself in the form of fluctuations in menstrual flow and irregularity in the monthly cycle. Certain disorders are not too severe and can be easily alleviated. Others are more complicated and require the immediate attention of a gynaecologist.

As mentioned, there are different specific causes of different kinds of disorders resulting from a range of factors such as hormone levels, functioning of the central nervous system, health of the uterus, etc.

Some of the most common causes of menstrual disorders are as follows:

- Hormonal imbalance

Fluctuating hormone levels in the body have a direct impact on the menstrual cycle. These fluctuations can be caused by dysfunction in the pituitary gland, thyroid gland or adrenal gland. It can also be a result of malfunction in either or both ovaries and the secretion of hormones originating there.

- Anatomic problems

One-fourth menstrual disorders are caused by problems of the anatomy. These include various gynaecological issues like the presence of uterine fibroids and polyps, reduced uterine contractile strength, adenomyosis (intrusion of uterine tissue into the muscular wall of the uterus), a uterus with an excessively large surface area, and endometrial cancer.

- Clotting irregularities

Abnormality in clotting is a cause of heavy menstrual bleeding in women. It leads to exceeding blood loss from minor cuts and gashes and makes one easily prone to bruising. This may also include medical conditions such as thrombocytopenia (platelet dysfunction) and Von Willebrand disease.

- Medications and supplements

There is a wide range of medications and nutritional or hormonal supplements which often cause menstrual disorders in women and lead to fluctuations in the menstrual cycle. These include medicines such as aspirin, ibuprofen, estrogen pills, Vitamin E supplements etc.

- Miscellaneous factors

These are comparatively rare and require a greater degree of medical attention. It includes conditions such as cervical cancer, ovarian tumors, liver and kidney diseases, uterine infections, extreme psychological stress, obesity, etc. Incidents such as miscarriages and unsuspected pregnancies are also known to cause abnormal menstrual bleeding.  

 

5136 people found this helpful

Heavy Menstrual Bleeding - How To Administer It?

Dr. Megha Tuli 92% (1832 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS, Masters in Aesthetic Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Heavy Menstrual Bleeding - How To Administer It?

Every woman has a unique system, especially when it comes to matters like menstrual cycles and pregnancy. There are some women who go through normal bleeding while for others, it may be less than ideal. Also, there are women who may experience a condition known as Menorrhagia which is characterised by excessively heavy bleeding during menstrual cycles. Cramping and bleeding for longer than a week are the most common symptoms of this condition. Here are ways to treat this condition.

  1. Basis of Treatment: The main cause will dictate the basis of treatment for this condition. Your overall medical history and state of health will be taken into account along with the future of your childbearing plans. The gynaecologist will also study the effect of this condition on your lifestyle and examine your tolerance towards certain supplements and medicines.
  2. Medication: The doctor may prescribe iron supplements in case of anaemia due to the condition. Further, non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs like naproxen and ibuprofen may be prescribed too. Oral contraceptives and progesterone are also helpful in such cases while Tranexamic acid can reduce excessive blood loss. The doctor may also insert an intrauterine device to release levonorgestrel to make the uterine lining thin.
  3. Dilation and Curettage: The doctor will dilate or open up your cervix in this procedure to suction away tissue from the uterine lining. One may need additional sessions if the condition recurs.
  4. Focused Ultrasound Ablation: This procedure aims at treating the excessive bleeding by shrinking the fibroids that may be causing the same. This is also similar to a procedure known as uterine artery embolisation which blocks the uterine arteries in order to shrink these fibroids.
  5. Myomectomy: In this procedure, the doctor will surgically extract those fibroids which are causing excessive bleeding during menstrual cycles. The procedure is conducted either through laparoscopy or incisions in the vagina and cervix, depending on the size, location and number of fibroids.
  6. Endometrial Ablation: Using this procedure, the doctor will permanently do away with the lining of the uterus, which is also known as the endometrium. This will be done by inserting an electrosurgical wire loop to remove the lining. Pregnancy is usually not recommended after this surgery.
  7. Hysterectomy: This is a surgical procedure that is recommended for very severe cases. In this procedure, the doctor will surgically remove the uterus as well as the cervix. This is a permanent procedure that will put an end to the menstrual periods altogether. The procedure will be conducted by administering anaesthesia first and will require hospitalisation as well. The doctor may also remove the ovaries of the patient with this procedure for premature menopause.

What To Eat And Avoid During Menstruation?

Dt. Arti Jain 91% (2187 ratings)
PGHRM, PG Certificate In Diabetic Educator, M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition, P G Diploma Nutrition & Dietetics, Certification In International Sports Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Navi Mumbai
What To Eat And Avoid During Menstruation?

You're well acquainted with what happens when your period hits: your stomach spasms, your desires go into overdrive, and eating healthy appears like a noteworthy trial of resolve. A good week pretty much goes into binge-eating out of our bed and watching movies that will make us cry at the drop of a pin. All the dieting and work-out we have been at for the coming bikini months go in vain. And when you realise that, your mood sinks further and the only thing that you presume may get you out of that is another tub of chocolate ice-cream.

Keeping a list of have and have not’s may give your brain some clarity on what to eat and what not to eat during this time of the month

Foods you should eat

  1. Complex carbohydratesCarbohydrates present in fruits, veggies and whole food are the most nutritious types of foods. And nutritious is what you need during your periods. Also, the fruits may present you with the sugar that is required to satiate the sugar cravings that you have during your periods.
  2. Dark chocolate indulgence: Dark chocolates are a key source of antioxidants and serotonin that can help to elevate your mood. So go ahead and grab that bar of chocolate and dig in.
  3. Drink lots of water: It will help to relieve the bloated feeling as your body will be able to release the excess fluids it is holding onto.

Food you must not eat 

  1. Caffeine: Caffeine will give you a bloated feeling and can be harsh on the stomach by increasing its acidity and irritability. The constant irritating cramping is enough to keep you occupied, you do not need more of it.
  2. Salt: Excess consumption of salt can cause water retention and result in bloating. Your pants get tight enough during this time of the month’; you don’t need to go under further depression. So pass up on the processed foods and the takeaways from your favourite Chinese restaurants.
4341 people found this helpful

5 Causes Of Menstrual Disorders - Know More!

Dr. Shweta Rai 87% (31 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS
Gynaecologist, Faridabad
5 Causes Of Menstrual Disorders - Know More!

Menstrual disorders are caused by a variety of factors and affect every woman in a different manner. In most cases, it manifests itself in the form of fluctuations in menstrual flow and irregularity in the monthly cycle. Certain disorders are not too severe and can be easily alleviated. Others are more complicated and require the immediate attention of a gynecologist.

As mentioned, there are different specific causes of different kinds of disorders resulting from a range of factors such as hormone levels, functioning of the central nervous system, health of the uterus, etc.

Some of the most common causes of menstrual disorders are as follows:

- Hormonal imbalance

Fluctuating hormone levels in the body have a direct impact on the menstrual cycle. These fluctuations can be caused by dysfunction in the pituitary gland, thyroid gland or adrenal gland. It can also be a result of malfunction in either or both ovaries and the secretion of hormones originating there.

- Anatomic problems

One fourth menstrual disorders are caused by problems of the anatomy. These include various gynecological issues like the presence of uterine fibroids and polyps, reduced uterine contractile strength, adenomyosis (intrusion of uterine tissue into the muscular wall of the uterus), a uterus with an excessively large surface area, and endometrial cancer.

- Clotting irregularities

Abnormality in clotting is a cause of heavy menstrual bleeding in women. It leads to exceeding blood loss from minor cuts and gashes and makes one easily prone to bruising. This may also include medical conditions such as thrombocytopenia (platelet dysfunction) and Von Willebrand disease.

- Medications and supplements

There is a wide range of medications and nutritional or hormonal supplements which often cause menstrual disorders in women and lead to fluctuations in the menstrual cycle. These include medicines such as aspirin, ibuprofen, estrogen pills, Vitamin E supplements etc.

- Miscellaneous factors

These are comparatively rare and require a greater degree of medical attention. It includes conditions such as cervical cancer, ovarian tumors, liver and kidney diseases, uterine infections, extreme psychological stress, obesity, etc. Incidents such as miscarriages and unsuspected pregnancies are also known to cause abnormal menstrual bleeding.  

 

3564 people found this helpful

Dysmenorrhea - How Homeopathy Can Tackle It?

Dr. Abha Gupta 92% (27 ratings)
BHMS, Certificate of Post Graduation
Homeopathy Doctor, Delhi
Dysmenorrhea - How Homeopathy Can Tackle It?

Dysmenorrhea or painful periods occur when a woman feels pain in the stomach area, thighs, back and legs. This kind of pain is very common during periods. While many consider this to be a common problem, extreme pain and cramps are not supposed to be taken too lightly.

The nature and severity of pain vary from one female to another. In some patients, the pain is mild. In others, the pain is severe. In fact, it may be so severe that one is forced to be in bed. While some have cramping pains, others feel discomfort only. In some cases, the pain is in the abdomen or lower abdomen. In others, the pain occurs in the back or legs. Some other symptoms too accompany the pain. Nausea or vomiting are commonly present with pain. Irritability may also be seen. Some patients lose appetite. In most of the cases, the onset of pain is a little before the menses. The pain is usually relieved when the flow begins or at the most by the second day. Relief in pain is felt with hot fomentation or by bending double.

Homeopathic Medicines For Painful Menses:

Most females keep taking painkillers when they have pain. This is repeated at every menstrual cycle as they start thinking that this is normal. There is no need to think so. Homeopathic medicines are very effective in curing this problem. There are dozens of medicines that can be indicated according to the symptoms. All of the medicines have given wonderful results in my hands. Here I have compiled a list of the most commonly used medicines. The list has been named as the 5 best Homeopathic medicines for painful menses.

The extent and nature of the pain differ from one woman to another. In a few patients, the pain is very subtle. In others, the pain is extreme. Here are a few homeopathic cures that can help get rid of the period pain:

  1. Lac Caninum helps in getting rid of painful swelling and tenderness in breasts that occur before the period and the pain may occur alternately.

  2. Pulsatilla is the most commonly used homeopathic medication. Mood swings are common during periods; hence it helps in curing them as well. It is more suited for women who experience subtle and tender pain. The person tends to get very emotional. Periods are generally late. The patient usually feels better outdoors and they do not feel thirsty easily. All these can be cured with Pulsatilla.

  3. Cimicifuga is used when there is a pain that feels like cramps. It is one of the best homeopathic medicines for painful periods. It is also one of the best homeopathic medicine for extremely painful periods when other side effects show up as well. The pain usually occurs in the lower stomach area, but tends to shoot down towards the legs as well.

  4. Mag Phos is very helpful in situations where the pain is usually relieved by using heating pads. The pain is likewise improved by applying pressure. The periods are dull. The pain increases due to cold and at night. Mag Phos is hence, one of the best homeopathic medicines for periods as well.

  5. Nux Vomica is used when there is a continuous urge to pass stool while experiencing pain in the pelvic area. Nux Vomica is one of the best homeopathic treatments for such painful periods.

  6. Belladonna is effective in situations where the pain begins and stops all of a sudden. The face tends to become hot, red and flushed. The blood flow is extremely red. The pain might be in the form of cramps as well.

  7. Chamomilla is used when the individual might be excessively touchy and feels extreme pain even if it is not that painful. The blood might be dark with large clots with a scarlet red hue. The person might also have extreme mood swings. Also, excruciating pain extends down the inner thighs. The individual tends to crave frosty beverages and the pain is more pronounced when she is lying down. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a homeopath.
3266 people found this helpful

Menstrual Problems - Know Reasons Behind It!

Dr. Neeraj Pahlajani 90% (12 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Gynaecologist, Raipur
Menstrual Problems - Know Reasons Behind It!

Menstrual disorders are caused by a variety of factors and affect every woman in a different manner. In most cases, it manifests itself in the form of fluctuations in menstrual flow and irregularity in the monthly cycle. Certain disorders are not too severe and can be easily alleviated. Others are more complicated and require the immediate attention of a gynecologist.

As mentioned, there are different specific causes of different kinds of disorders resulting from a range of factors such as hormone levels, the functioning of the central nervous system, health of the uterus, etc.

Some of the most common causes of menstrual disorders are as follows:

Hormonal imbalance

Fluctuating hormone levels in the body have a direct impact on the menstrual cycle. These fluctuations can be caused by dysfunction in the pituitary gland, thyroid gland or adrenal gland. It can also be a result of a malfunction in either or both ovaries and the secretion of hormones originating there.

Anatomic problems

One-fourth menstrual disorders are caused by problems of the anatomy. These include various gynecological issues like the presence of uterine fibroids and polyps, reduced uterine contractile strength, adenomyosis (intrusion of uterine tissue into the muscular wall of the uterus), a uterus with an excessively large surface area, and endometrial cancer.

Clotting irregularities

Abnormality in clotting is a cause of heavy menstrual bleeding in women. It leads to exceeding blood loss from minor cuts and gashes and makes one easily prone to bruising. This may also include medical conditions such as thrombocytopenia (platelet dysfunction) and Von Willebrand disease.

Medications and supplements

There is a wide range of medications and nutritional or hormonal supplements which often cause menstrual disorders in women and lead to fluctuations in the menstrual cycle. These include medicines such as aspirin, ibuprofen, estrogen pills, Vitamin E supplements, etc.

Miscellaneous factors

These are comparatively rare and require a greater degree of medical attention. It includes conditions such as cervical cancer, ovarian tumors, liver and kidney diseases, uterine infections, extreme psychological stress, obesity, etc. Incidents such as miscarriages and unsuspected pregnancies are also known to cause abnormal menstrual bleeding. 

5073 people found this helpful

माहवारी सम्बन्धी समस्याएं - Mahawari Sambandhi Samasayen!

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 92% (193 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
माहवारी सम्बन्धी समस्याएं - Mahawari Sambandhi Samasayen!

महावारी महिलाओं में होने वाली एक प्रकृतिक प्रक्रिया है जो कि एक निश्चित अंतराल पर होती रहती है. महिलाएं पेट के अंदर अपने युटेरस के दोनों तरफ दो छोटे, अंगूर के साइज के ओवरी के साथ पैदा होती हैं. युटेरस सैकड़ों अंडे से भरा होता है. जब आप यौवन तक पहुंचते हैं तो आपका ओवरी हार्मोन (विशेष रूप से एस्ट्रोजेन) बनाता हैं जिससे स्तन का विकास और मासिक धर्म का आरम्भ होता है. आपके मस्तिष्क में पिट्यूटरी ग्रंथि द्वारा गोनैडोट्रोपिन नामक रासायनिक संदेशवाहक (FSH और LH) का स्राव किया जाता है, जो कि आपके अंडाशय को महीने में एक बार एक परिपक्व अंडा जारी करने का सन्देश देता है. अंडा फिर गर्भाशय की ओर जाता है. अगर अंडे को शुक्राणु द्वारा निषेचित नहीं किया जाता है, तो दो हफ्ते बाद, मोटी, खूनी अस्तर (एंडोमेट्रियम) जो आपके गर्भाशय में पीरियड्स के बीच बनाता है, आपकी योनि के माध्यम से आपके शरीर से बाहर निकलता है यह प्रवाह, जो रक्त के रूप में आता है, यह आपकी मासिक धर्म है. पूरी प्रक्रिया को माहवारी कहा जाता है, यह तब शुरू होता है जब आपका शरीर इसके लिए तैयार हो जाता है. आइए इस लेख के माध्यम से हम माहावारी संबंधी विभिन्न समस्याओं पर एक नजर डालें ताकि इस विषय में लोगों में जागरूकता फैल सके.

लंबे समय तक चलने वाली प्रक्रिया है-
जब मासिक धर्म (मासिक धर्म) नियमित रूप से आते हैं, इसे मासिक धर्म चक्र कहा जाता है. नियमित मासिक धर्म होने पर यह संकेत मिलता है कि आपके शरीर के महत्वपूर्ण अंग सही काम कर रहे हैं. मासिक धर्म चक्र आपको स्वस्थ रखने के लिए महत्वपूर्ण शारीरिक रसायनों, जिन्हें हार्मोन कहा जाता है, प्रदान करता है. आपका मासिक धर्म चक्र आपके शरीर को प्रत्येक माह गर्भावस्था के लिए तैयार करता है एक चक्र पीरियड के पहले दिन से गिना जाता है. औसत मासिक चक्र 28 दिन लंबा होता है. हालाँकि यह चक्र वयस्कों में 21 से 35 दिनों के बीच और युवा किशोरों में 21 से 45 दिनों तक का भी हो सकता हैं. पुरे महीने के दौरान हार्मोन के स्तर में वृद्धि और गिरावट मासिक धर्म चक्र को नियंत्रित करती है.

नियमित तौर पर ख़ून का अंदरुनी हिस्से से स्राव होना-
महिलाओं के शरीर में चक्रीय हार्मोस में होने वाले बदलावों की वज़ह से गर्भाशय से नियमित तौर पर ख़ून और अंदरुनी हिस्से से स्राव होना माहवारी कहलाता है. जब कोई लड़की पैदा होती है, तो उसके अण्‍डाशयों में पहले से लाखों अपरिपक्‍व अण्‍डाणु मौजूद होते हैं. जवान होने पर, उनमें से दसियों अण्‍डे महीने में एक बार हार्मोन उत्तेजित (हार्मोनल स्टिमुलेशन) होने की वजह से विकसित होने शुरू हो जाएंगे. आमतौर पर, प्रत्‍येक चक्र के दौरान अण्‍डाशय में केवल एक ही अण्‍डा परिपक्‍व होता है और गर्भाशय में छोड़ा जाता है, जिसे अण्‍डोत्‍सर्ग कहा जाता है. उसी समय, गर्भावस्‍था की तैयारी में गर्भाशय का भीतरी हिस्सा मोटा होना शुरू हो जाता है. यदि यह अण्‍डाणु निषेचित नहीं होता, तो यह गर्भाशय के भीतरी हिस्से के अतिरिक्‍त ऊतकों के साथ माहवारी ख़ून के रूप में योनि से निकलना शुरू हो जाता है. यौन रूप से सक्रिय किसी भी महिला में गर्भधारण की संभावना रहती है. यदि आपको माहवारी नहीं आई, तो कृप्‍या अपने स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य देखरेख प्रदाता से सलाह प्राप्‍त करें.

माहवारी का विभिन्न कारणों से अनियमित हो जाना-

  • वज़न सामान्‍य से अधिक अथवा कम होना.
  • खान-पान संबंधी विकार जैसे कि एनोरेक्सिया नर्वोसा का होना.
  • बहुत अधिक कसरत करना.
  • तनाव होना.
  • कुछ दवाएं जैसे गर्भनिरोधक इंजेक्‍शन लेना.
  • मादक पदार्थों का सेवन करना.
  • स्‍तनपान कराना.
  • स्‍थाई बीमारियां या हार्मोन संबंधी विकार जैसे पॉलिसि‍स्टिक ओवरी सिंड्रम या थायराइड आदि होना.
  • ऐसी स्थितियां, जो डिम्‍बग्रंथि के कार्यको प्रभावित करती हैं.

माहवारी की पूरी प्रक्रिया काफी कष्टदायक है-
माहवारी का दर्द आमतौर पर माहवारी शुरू होने के कुछ समय पहले अथवा माहवारी शुरू होने पर होता है. आमतौर पर पेट के निचले हिस्‍से में हल्‍के से लेकर तेज़ पेट दर्द महसूस होता है. आमतौर पर भारी रक्‍तस्राव होने की स्थिति में तेज़ दर्द होता है. दर्द की वजह से पेट में गड़बड़ी हो सकती है, जैसे कि उल्‍टी आना अथवा पतला मलत्‍याग करना. माहवारी का दर्द 2 प्रकार का होता है: -
* किसी चिकित्‍सीय अवस्‍था की वजह से न होने वाला दर्द. यह आमतौर पर युवा महिलाओं में माहवारी आना शुरू होने के थोड़े समय बाद होता है.
* किसी अंतर्निहित अवस्‍था की वजह से होने वाला दर्द. यह एन्‍डोमेट्रिऑसिस, पेडू के संक्रमण, इंट्रायूट्रिन गर्भनिरोधक डिवाइस आदि के प्रयोग की वजह से हो सकता है.

आपको माहवारी आना बंद हुए एक साल होने के बाद योनि से ख़ून निकलना

  • 40 वर्ष की आयु में अथवा इसके बाद माहवारी के दौरान दर्द होना शुरू होना
  • मासिक चक्र 21 दिन से कम अवधि का होना
  • बहुत अधिक माहवारी आना (प्रश्‍न 4 देखें)
  • माहवारी के दौरान तेज़ दर्द होना / पेट दर्द होना
  • आपकी आयु 45 वर्ष से कम है और आपको एक वर्ष से माहवारी नहीं हुई है
  • यदि आपके कोई भी प्रश्‍न हैं, तो कृपया स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य पेशेवर से सलाह लें.

Menstrual Disorders - What Can Cause It?

Dr. Astha Dudhat Mulani 90% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Ahmedabad
Menstrual Disorders - What Can Cause It?

Menstrual disorders are caused by a variety of factors and affect every woman in a different manner. In most cases, it manifests itself in the form of fluctuations in menstrual flow and irregularity in the monthly cycle. Certain disorders are not too severe and can be easily alleviated. Others are more complicated and require the immediate attention of a gynecologist.

As mentioned, there are different specific causes of different kinds of disorders resulting from a range of factors such as hormone levels, functioning of the central nervous system, health of the uterus, etc.

Some of the most common causes of menstrual disorders are as follows:

- Hormonal imbalance

Fluctuating hormone levels in the body have a direct impact on the menstrual cycle. These fluctuations can be caused by dysfunction in the pituitary gland, thyroid gland or adrenal gland. It can also be a result of malfunction in either or both ovaries and the secretion of hormones originating there.

- Anatomic problems

One fourth menstrual disorders are caused by problems of the anatomy. These include various gynecological issues like the presence of uterine fibroids and polyps, reduced uterine contractile strength, adenomyosis (intrusion of uterine tissue into the muscular wall of the uterus), a uterus with an excessively large surface area, and endometrial cancer.

- Clotting irregularities

Abnormality in clotting is a cause of heavy menstrual bleeding in women. It leads to exceeding blood loss from minor cuts and gashes and makes one easily prone to bruising. This may also include medical conditions such as thrombocytopenia (platelet dysfunction) and Von Willebrand disease.

- Medications and supplements

There is a wide range of medications and nutritional or hormonal supplements which often cause menstrual disorders in women and lead to fluctuations in the menstrual cycle. These include medicines such as aspirin, ibuprofen, estrogen pills, Vitamin E supplements etc.

- Miscellaneous factors

These are comparatively rare and require a greater degree of medical attention. It includes conditions such as cervical cancer, ovarian tumors, liver and kidney diseases, uterine infections, extreme psychological stress, obesity, etc. Incidents such as miscarriages and unsuspected pregnancies are also known to cause abnormal menstrual bleeding.  

 

2720 people found this helpful

Menstrual Problems - Know Reasons Behind It!

Dr. Asha Gavade 87% (796 ratings)
DNB - Obstetrics & Gynecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Pune
Menstrual Problems - Know Reasons Behind It!

Menstrual disorders are caused by a variety of factors and affect every woman in a different manner. In most cases, it manifests itself in the form of fluctuations in menstrual flow and irregularity in the monthly cycle. Certain disorders are not too severe and can be easily alleviated. Others are more complicated and require the immediate attention of a gynaecologist.

As mentioned, there are different specific causes of different kinds of disorders resulting from a range of factors such as hormone levels, functioning of the central nervous system, health of the uterus, etc.

Some of the most common causes of menstrual disorders are as follows:

- Hormonal imbalance

Fluctuating hormone levels in the body have a direct impact on the menstrual cycle. These fluctuations can be caused by dysfunction in the pituitary gland, thyroid gland or adrenal gland. It can also be a result of a malfunction in either or both ovaries and the secretion of hormones originating there.

- Anatomic problems

One-fourth menstrual disorders are caused by problems of the anatomy. These include various gynaecological issues like the presence of uterine fibroids and polyps, reduced uterine contractile strength, adenomyosis (intrusion of uterine tissue into the muscular wall of the uterus), a uterus with an excessively large surface area, and endometrial cancer.

- Clotting irregularities

Abnormality in clotting is a cause of heavy menstrual bleeding in women. It leads to exceeding blood loss from minor cuts and gashes and makes one easily prone to bruising. This may also include medical conditions such as thrombocytopenia (platelet dysfunction) and Von Willebrand disease.

- Medications and supplements

There is a wide range of medications and nutritional or hormonal supplements which often cause menstrual disorders in women and lead to fluctuations in the menstrual cycle. These include medicines such as aspirin, ibuprofen, estrogen pills, Vitamin E supplements etc.

- Miscellaneous factors

These are comparatively rare and require a greater degree of medical attention. It includes conditions such as cervical cancer, ovarian tumors, liver and kidney diseases, uterine infections, extreme psychological stress, obesity, etc. Incidents such as miscarriages and unsuspected pregnancies are also known to cause abnormal menstrual bleeding.  

 

4143 people found this helpful

Menstrual Disorders - 5 Causes Of It!

Dr. Pooja Choudhary 91% (369 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Menstrual Disorders - 5 Causes Of It!

Menstrual disorders are caused by a variety of factors and affect every woman in a different manner. In most cases, it manifests itself in the form of fluctuations in menstrual flow and irregularity in the monthly cycle. Certain disorders are not too severe and can be easily alleviated. Others are more complicated and require the immediate attention of a gynecologist.

As mentioned, there are different specific causes of different kinds of disorders resulting from a range of factors such as hormone levels, functioning of the central nervous system, health of the uterus, etc.

Some of the most common causes of menstrual disorders are as follows:

  1. Hormonal imbalance: Fluctuating hormone levels in the body have a direct impact on the menstrual cycle. These fluctuations can be caused by dysfunction in the pituitary gland, thyroid gland or adrenal gland. It can also be a result of malfunction in either or both ovaries and the secretion of hormones originating there.
  2. Anatomic problems: One fourth menstrual disorders are caused by problems of the anatomy. These include various gynecological issues like the presence of uterine fibroids and polyps, reduced uterine contractile strength, adenomyosis (intrusion of uterine tissue into the muscular wall of the uterus), a uterus with an excessively large surface area, and endometrial cancer.
  3. Clotting irregularities: Abnormality in clotting is a cause of heavy menstrual bleeding in women. It leads to exceeding blood loss from minor cuts and gashes and makes one easily prone to bruising. This may also include medical conditions such as thrombocytopenia (platelet dysfunction) and Von Willebrand disease.
  4. Medications and supplements: There is a wide range of medications and nutritional or hormonal supplements which often cause menstrual disorders in women and lead to fluctuations in the menstrual cycle. These include medicines such as aspirinibuprofen, estrogen pills, Vitamin E supplements etc.
  5. Miscellaneous factors: These are comparatively rare and require a greater degree of medical attention. It includes conditions such as cervical cancerovarian tumors, liver and kidney diseases, uterine infections, extreme psychological stressobesity, etc. Incidents such as miscarriages and unsuspected pregnancies are also known to cause abnormal menstrual bleeding.
  6. PCOS: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is also a major cause of menstrual disorders. This condition affects the ovaries and is one of the leading causes of infertility.
3522 people found this helpful
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