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Dimnishing Sperm Count - Have IVF At Your Rescue!

Dimnishing Sperm Count - Have IVF At Your Rescue!

When we talk about infertility attention usually falls on treatment for women. However, infertility can affect men as well. The condition of infertility, can be described as the inability to become pregnant for a period of 1 year despite having unprotected, well-timed sexual intercourse. A low sperm count is one of the primary reasons for infertility in men.

Typically there should be fifteen million sperm per milliliter of semen. Low sperm count refers to the ejaculation of less than a normal amount of sperm in semen. This can also be termed as oligospermia. A complete absence of sperm in semen is known as azoospermia. Low sperm count does not mean that you cannot impregnate your partner but it reduces the chance of a successful conception. Thus, one of the most common ways to treat infertility caused by low sperm count is IVF.

  • IVF involves harvesting eggs from the woman’s uterus and sperm from the male partner and combining them in a laboratory to form a zygote. When IVF is used to treat male infertility, a semen analysis is the first step. This helps determine the patient’s sperm count, sperm motility, volume, pH levels, white blood cell levels etc.
  • The ejaculated semen is then processed so as to separate the sperm cells from the plasma. In this process sperm cells with higher motility are identified and segregated. These cells have a higher chance of fertilizing the egg.
  • Sperm cells are then injected into the harvested egg. Some techniques may require the injection of 50,000 or more sperm cells while others such as intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) can be effective with a single sperm cell. Once the egg is fertilized, it is allowed to develop for a few days in the laboratory.
  • Two or three embryos are then selected to be reintroduced into the woman’s uterus with the help of a catheter. The remaining fertilized embryos are preserved in an embryo bank in case the pregnancy is not successful. If these need to be used later, the woman does not have to go through the initial stages of IVF treatment to stimulate the follicles and harvest eggs from the ovaries.

When it comes to IVF, the success rates are very high. However, one of the most common side effects is the birth of twins or triplets. This is because multiple embryos are inserted into the uterus. The number of babies born then depends on the number of embryos that are implanted successfully.

Sperm Leakage - Know More About It!

Sperm Leakage - Know More About It!

Certain medical conditions can be embarrassing to be discussed with your closed ones and doctors. Sperm leakage is one of them, and if you are experiencing it, fret not; awareness about the problem will give you clarity on seeking treatment.

Read on to get an insight into the problem
Semen leakage is one of the most common issues that men face. There are many instances when sperm leakage becomes more likely, such as during urination, while using the toilet and when your sex drive is running wild. It is always recommended to have a clear idea of what is causing the sperm leakage. This is because sperm leakage can sometimes be an indication of sexually transmitted disease. Along with sperm leakage, it could also lead to other symptoms such as back pain, loss of hair, pain in the testicles, premature ejaculation and weak erection.

  • Sperm leakage during urination: Various factors can contribute to the problem of sperm leakage during urination, and these causes may vary from one individual to another. Though excessive masturbation is agreed as the reason, retrograde ejaculation where semen goes into the bladder often leads to semen leakage. Other medical problems such as deformity of the genital organs, lack of zinc, chronic infection of the urogenital system and alcohol abuse are also causes of sperm leakage. It is important to reduce smoking, use of alcohol and most importantly, you have to bring down masturbation in order to reduce this problem.
  • Sperm leakage during interaction with the partner: Some men also tend to leak sperm while conversing with their partner. This may happen right before sex or after sex or simply while talking to his partner. The exact cause of this is not known, and the amount of sperm ejaculated varies from one person to another. The female partner may develop STI or get pregnant if this comes in contact with her mucous membranes. There is practically no way to inhibit sperm leakage, other than controlling sexual arousal. It is very important to use a condom right from the beginning for avoiding any kind of unwanted incident.
  • Sperm leakage while using the bathroom: Another common problem faced by men is the discharge of semen during bowel movements. The process of production of semen is a constant one and the testicles aid in the production of a certain level of semen while the prostate glands produce most of it. When the nerves are weakened, or the prostate glands become congested, it could lead to leakage of sperms while using the toilet. The most common causes of it are frequent hand practice, frequent arousal without ejaculation and indulging in erotic thoughts too often. There are various natural means of curbing this issue though adopting healthy habits are the most important factor in reducing sperm leakage while using the bathroom.

Though any person can face the problem of unwanted semen discharge, it is commonly seen in those who immerse themselves in erotic thoughts or masturbate a lot. It is therefore suggested to reduce these to get rid of the embarrassing problem.

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Azoospermia - How To Handle It?

Azoospermia - How To Handle It?

Fertility is one most important biological medium via which a man is able to make a woman pregnant. When the sperm of the man, reaches the female egg, they fertilize and produce a new living being. But not everyone is capable of doing so.

Many men face different fertility problems and dysfunctions which does not allow them to fertilize their partner and fail to make them pregnant. Both Azoospermia and Oligospermia are problems related to male fertility. Due to these two dysfunctions, a man can forever remain infertile.

What is Azoospermia/ Oligospermia?
Both the above mentioned male dysfunctions involve the release of semen without the presence of any sperm. Some people also refer to them as an issue of male fertility which is signified by the very low sperm count.

Even though the other aspects of sexual life may be absoTesticular Sperm Aspirationlutely fine like getting an erection, orgasms and also produce ejaculation but the semen does lot consist of any sperms. Therefore, as a result of this dysfunction, your partner cannot conceive.

So many people choose to diagnose the problem but there is no particular success rate that you will be revived.

Causes Of Azoospermia/ Oligospermia
There are several reasons because of which both of these male fertility dysfunctions can occur. Here are some of the most important of them.

  • If a person suffers from enlarged veins in the man's scrotum, then the temperature rises in the area and it hampers sperm count significantly.
  • Any kind of Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) will cause the male reproductive system to go weak and hence sperm count reduces.
  • Any kind of severe injury to the penis or genitals can also damage the sperm count production or block the passage for safe sperm outflow.
  • Excessive intake of drugs or alcohol can also cause less production of sperm.

These were the important causes of Azoospermia/Oligospermia and therefore check for the symptoms which match and consult a doctor immediately.

Treatment And Diagnosis For The Problem

  • In such a scenario you must follow some important steps which will help you overcome this condition effectively. Here are some of the techniques.
  • In case of an inflamed vein or other blockages in the genital area, proper therapy and exercise will be conducted which will help you get relief from the problem over time. Frequent sexual intercourse will also help you to get more chances of conception.
  • In case of a disease or infection, proper medication will help you to get out of the situation with ease. Proper lifestyle, staying healthy and eating healthy will help you to increase sperm production by significant levels.
  • Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration (PESA) and Testicular Sperm Aspiration (TESA) are very helpful in using sperms of obstructive azoospermia, and a major chunk of azoospermic are obstructive.

Daily Activities Which May Lead To Low Sperm Count!

Daily Activities Which May Lead To Low Sperm Count!

There are a few very common things that a man consumes or does every day without even realizing, that they have a tendency to reduce his fertility. These causes start from drinking and could end with something as harmless as caffeine.

Let's see which habits can cause a reduction in sperm count thereby reducing the fertility of a man.

  1. Eating processed meat harms sperm quality.
  2. Excessive usage of the laptop can also lead to a reduction in sperm count because of the heat that a laptop releases.
  3. Hormonal imbalance also causes low sperm production.
  4. If a man is underweight or overweight, this could also lead to less production of sperm. So, a man should watch his weight before thinking of extending his family.
  5. Exposure to too much heat for a prolonged time leads to a reduction in sperm count.
  6. Regular smoking also leads to a reduction in sperm count.
  7. Excessive stress also causes a reduction in sperm count.
  8. Regular and continuous exposure to chemicals like xylene, painting material and metal like lead also leads to low sperm count.
  9. Chemicals present in sunscreen lotion can harm a man's sperm count so one should be alert while using a sunscreen lotion.
  10. Sex toys also cause infertility in men because of the presence of phthalates in them.
  11. Regular intake of canned food can also contribute to low sperm count.
  12. Regular drinking habits reduce testosterone levels thereby reducing the quality and production of sperm.
  13. Excessive intake of canned food leads to intake of bisphenol A which lowers down the quality of the sperm.
  14. Excess intake of caffeine also leads to a reduction in sperm count.
  15. Lack of exercise and laziness also reduces sperm count to a great extent.

Some of the above mentioned things can be unavoidable, but the point here is that taking everything in moderate quantity doesn't do any harm but the problem occurs when the intake is excessive, regular and beyond the limit. So, it's better to reduce the quantity and regular use of such things than letting it affect your sperm count.

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Azoospermia - Know If PESA, TESA & TESE Could Help!

Azoospermia - Know If PESA, TESA & TESE Could Help!

Almost 15-20 million men in India are diagnosed with infertility every year. However, your partner’s infertility does not mean that you cannot have a biological child with him. Due to the advancement of medical science, several forms of treatment are available for men who have low sperm count.

Here is a look at some fertility treatments that can help your husband achieve the ideal sperm count –

1. TESE-
Testicular sperm extraction is a procedure that involves surgical biopsy of the testicles. Doctors extract aspirated fluid from inside the testicles and process it in the lab. This process allows doctors to separate the sperm cells and use them in the form of Intracytoplasmic sperm injections (ICSI).
Men whose infertility is due to a blockage in the testicles are suitable to undergo TESE. It is also suitable for men who are unable to produce sufficient sperm in the body.

2. TESA-
Testicular sperm aspiration or TESA is similar to the TESE procedure. Doctors extract the sperm from the testicles in TESA as well. However, a surgical biopsy is not performed. Here, the doctor uses a needle to extract the aspirated fluid from within the testicles. They then obtain the sperm sample from this fluid and use it for ICSI.
Even though TESA involves a minimally invasive procedure for the extraction of sperm, research indicates that TESE procedures lead to better samples of sperm and aspirated fluid. However, in most cases, anaesthesia is required for the TESE procedure.

3. PESA-
Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration or PESA is another form of extracting aspirated fluid from the testicles. In this procedure, no surgical incision is necessary. Instead, doctors insert a needle into the epididymis head through the skin of the scrotum. The aspirated fluid is drawn out using this needle. Doctors process it in the lab and use the sperm for ICSI.
PESA is highly effective for people suffering from obstructive azoospermia.

How does PESA, TESA and TESE work?
If your partner lacks sperm in his ejaculate, it could be because sperm production is low. However, in some cases, the problem is not the sperm production but the transfer of sperm into the ejaculate (semen). A blockage can prevent the sperm from forming in semen. TESE, TESA and PESA extract the sperm from the testicles and inject it into an egg for fertilization, thereby nullifying the effects of the blockage.
Consult your doctor to understand which procedure is suitable for your partner. Undergoing these treatments may help you get pregnant.

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Male Infertility - How Can IVF Resolve It?

Male Infertility - How Can IVF Resolve It?

Male factor infertility is a common problem these days and it describes those couples that have failed to be pregnant owing to health issues of the male partner. While in most cases, people have a general misconception that infertility is related to female reproductive issues only, recent statistics say otherwise.

Various reasons can be attributed to male infertility which may range from low production of sperm to poor quality sperms, to abnormal morphology. Male factor infertility is also related to men who have normal sperm production, but it does not get transported to the vagina during intercourse.

Evaluating male factor infertility-

It is crucial to evaluate men who are suspected to be infertile through comprehensive checkups, physical tests, and numerous semen analysis. In certain conditions, additional tests and evaluations may also be required. For men with severely low production of sperms, and poor sperm motility, it is important to consider karyotypic abnormalities. Male factor infertility was previously regarded as a contraindication to in-vitro fertilization since the presence of abnormal sperms may not be able to fertilize female eggs. But recent statistics show that there is an indication of IVF allowing fertilization and eventual live births in couples where the man has impaired sperms. IVF has shown commendable success in the treatment of such men.

When to consider IVF?
It goes without saying that IVF has benefitted many couples suffering from male factor infertility over a decade. Some of the most common problems treated by IVF include:

  1. Men having poor quality semen which may involve poor motility, low concentration and even poor morphology dealing with the shape of the sperm.
  2. Couples who have failed to conceive through normal intercourse and conventional infertility treatments.
  3. Men with non-obstructive and poor quality sperms can also benefit from the IVF process. Generally, such men produce sperm in a reduced quantity and also have an absence of sperm in their ejaculate. Some men who have undergone chemotherapy may also have compromised sperm quality as well as quantity. Also, in the case of obstructive azoospermia IVF can be considered.
  4. Men suffering from the congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens or CBAVD are able to produce sperm but they do not have the vas deferens which is the outflow tract.
  5. Lastly, men who have undergone vasectomies and did not wish to undergo a reversal can obtain sperm that can be used in the IVF process.

Regardless of what’s causing infertility, it is important to consult an IVF expert to get through the process. IVF with the help of intracytoplasmic sperm injection is an advanced laboratory process in which a healthy sperm is injected into an egg for creating an embryo which is subsequently implanted into the uterus of the women. Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) is an artificial procedure similar to IVF. This technique is mostly preferred in case of severe male infertility issues like an ejaculatory failure, low sperm count and Azoospermia. ICSI is a refined version of IVF where a single sperm is strengthened and injected into female ova (egg) to initiate conception. Besides the IVF treatment, medications and hormone therapy may also be used for altering high or low hormone level affecting fertility.

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Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection - Know Merits Of It!

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection  - Know Merits Of It!

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection i.e. ICSI is different from conventional IVF i.e. In Vitro Fertilization because a single sperm is selected by the embryologist to be injected by a needle into the egg rather than a dish with many sperms placed near the egg so that the fastest swimming sperm enters it. Once the sperm is injected directly into the egg, it fertilizes, after which the embryo is transferred into the womb or uterus. 

Your doctor might recommend ICSI treatment for you if you have an extremely low sperm count resulting in infertility or other medical sperm conditions such as poor motility or poor morphology. It may also be suggested if prior attempts at IVF procedures have failed in fertilizing the egg or the fertilization rate is extremely low. You must also consider ICSI treatment if you resort to embryo testing or if the sperm needs to be collected from the epididymis or testicles surgically. 

However, you must keep in mind that if your partner has a genetic problem resulting in low sperm count, it could be passed on to your child, if you decide to use your husband's sperm for this process.

Success Rates of ICSI:

The success rate of ICSI treatment depends on your age and your fertility problem. Your eggs are healthier when you are young and as you age, chances are that they will become less healthy.

1. 35 per cent if you are under 35 years of age
2. 29 per cent if you are between 35 to 37 years of age
3. 21 per cent if you are between 38 to 39 years of age
4. 14 per cent if you are between 40 to 42 years of age
5. 6 per cent if you are between 43 to 44 years of age
6. 5 per cent if you are above 44 years of age

Advantages of ICSI Treatment:

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection gives you a chance to conceive a child genetically when most other options are exhausted. Males may be unable to ejaculate on the day the eggs are collected due to anxiety. ICSI proves to be advantageous because sperm may also be surgically extracted for this process. It is extremely helpful for those couples who suffer from unexplained infertility. However, one of the most important factors is that ICSI treatment does not affect your child's physical or mental health.

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Infertility - Homeopathic Way Of Treating It!

Infertility - Homeopathic Way Of Treating It!

Most couples who get married intend to go the family route sooner or later. However, for those who have been trying sexual intercourse for more than 6 months without any contraceptive aids and still have not succeeded in having a baby, the underlying cause may be infertility in one or both partners. Infertilityaffects up to 15% of couples trying to conceive and have a baby.

Infertility, in medical terms, refers to a person’s biological inability to contribute to conception. There are many biological causes that may make this happen, some of which can be medically corrected. 

The Homeopathic Approach to Treat Infertility:

The homeopathic approach towards the management of health problems is constitutional. The treatment takes into account the presenting complaints - the symptoms - along with the unique physical, mental and genetic make-up that individualizes a person. Homeopathic medicines act at the roots of all ailments. They can rectify deviations of the hormonal system and get them back to normalcy. The simple homeopathic procedure effectively and efficiently avoids complicated procedures that follow the common treatments of infertility. More specifically, the complete hormonal harmony greatly increases the chances of conception without the harmful and/or painful side effects of medications, devices and invasive procedures. The biggest advantage of homeopathic treatment is that even after the treatment, the high sperm count is maintained. The medicines involved are easy to take, since there are only sweet pills and drops.

The homeopath plans the medication separately for every individual, by understanding his or her physical, as well as emotional and mental or spiritual imbalances. That is why this system becomes an excellent option for those seeking help with this issue, as it addresses health on a deep holistic level. The homeopath carefully prescribes the medicine that works on the real cause of infertility, along with other symptoms like any type of painstress, etc.

There are no prerequisites to start a homeopathy treatment for infertility. Anyone who just came to know about their infertility problem or those who have tried other infertility treatments without any results can consult a homeopath. Homeopathy medicines can also be used with other treatment methods, but the homeopath should be informed about it to prevent any interfering actions.

Final Tips For Infertility Treatments Using Homeopathy:

Homeopathy therapy works on male and female infertility in following way:

  1. It regulates and balances the body’s hormones, menstrual cycle and enhances the ovulation process in females.
  2. In males, it helps to increase the sperm count, their mobility and also their morphology by naturally stimulating the body.
  3. It helps with emotional blockages, disturbances and ambiguous thought processes that may affect fertility.
  4. It helps with the stress, anxiety and depression problems for those who are trying to conceive.
  5. It also helps in curing the side-effects of various other fertility treatments.

The homeopathic treatment for infertility is strictly individualistic. Whatever the reason that the patient opts for homeopathy, the treatment should be supported by a healthy diet and proper lifestyle, like avoiding alcohol and smoking.

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Infertility - Know The Common Causes Of It!

Infertility - Know The Common Causes Of It!

Most couples look forward towards completing their family with a child. However, getting pregnant isn’t easy for everyone. The inability to conceive a child despite having unprotected sexual intercourse for a year is termed as infertility. Infertility can be caused due to issues related to both man and woman's health.

Reasons behind infertility in women:

  1. Ovulation disorders: Many women suffer from hormonal disorders such as PCOD which prevents the formation of egg by the ovaries as per the monthly cycle. If the ovaries do not release eggs at the right time, sperm cells will have nothing to fertilize. Hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism are two other common hormonal disorders that can affect ovulation. In addition to this, your ovulation cycle can get adversely affected by eating disorders, exercising too much or an injury.
  2. Fallopian tube damage or blockage: The ovaries are connected to the uterus through fallopian tubes. Once an egg is released by the ovaries it must pass through these tubes to reach the uterus where it can be fertilized. In some cases, a woman may have a damaged fallopian tube as a result of pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis or any other problem. In such cases, the inflammation and scarring can restrict the egg’s movement and keep it from being fertilized.
  3. Poor egg quality: It is important that the health of the egg must also be considered as a poor quality egg can cause complications at a later stage during the pregnancy.  There are a number of factors that can affect the quality of an egg being released. Some of the most important factors are age of the woman, stress level and overall physical health.

Some of the most common causes of infertility in men are:

  1. Poor sperm quality: To penetrate the egg and fertilize it sperm cells must be the right shape and be agile. Thus sperm health includes the shape of sperm cells, sperm motility and tail whip. The quantity of sperm cells produced also plays a large role in determining a couple’s fertilityLow sperm count and poor quality sperm could be the result of prolonged exposure to electromagnetic frequencies, smoking, poor diet and alcohol consumption.
  2. Blocked Vas Deferens: The Vas Deferens is the tube through which sperm travel from the testicles to the penis. A blockage in this tube will restrict the amount of sperm being ejaculated and can cause infertility. This blockage may be caused by scarring as a result of an STD or varicocele.
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Male Infertility - Knowing The Causes Of It!

Male Infertility - Knowing The Causes Of It!

Both women and men suffer from infertility troubles. There are a host of causes that may lead to infertility in men such as lifestyle choices and obesity. Male infertility is characterized by irregular sperm function or reduced sperm count. Infertility has emerged as a common problem as a result of the modern day lifestyle. Extremely hectic schedules, stress, burnout, depression, unhealthy diets; all of these can contribute to fertility issues.

The various reasons for infertility in men are:

  1. If you are overweight, then it is time to lose those extra kilos. Obesity leads to a number of health problems, one of them being erectile dysfunction.
  2. Various hormonal problems such as complications of the hypothalamus, pituitary and adrenal glands may lead to low testosterone levels in the body.
  3. Various infections such as inflammation of the testicles and epididymis that causes blockage of the tubes carrying the sperm can be a cause.
  4. Various medications such as using anabolic steroids, antifungal medications and chemotherapy may hamper production of the sperm and thus hit fertility.
  5. Both alcohol and cigarettes may cause problems in sperm production, and cause erectile dysfunction. Excessive drinking may lead to complications in the liver resulting in infertility.

The reasons of infertility may range from medical causes to lifestyle choices; some of the causes may be related to the environment. A common cause of infertility is due to problems with transportation of the sperm. These are mainly due to blockages in the tubes that carry the sperm.

Symptoms of infertility in men are:

  1. You may experience low libido
  2. Your sperm count may be low
  3. You may experience lumps or swellings in the testicles
  4. Chromosomal complications such as reduced body hair
  5. You may have chronic respiratory problems
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