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Low Blood Pressure Tips

Bp Kam Karne Ka Upay - बीपी कम करने के उपाय

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Bp Kam Karne Ka Upay - बीपी कम करने के उपाय

आज के दौर में ब्लड प्रेशर के मरीजों की तादाद दिन ब दिन बढ़ती जा रही है। दौड़- भाग भरी जिंदगी, फॉस्ट फूड और अनियमित दिनचर्या की वजह से आजकल हर उम्र के लोगों में पाया जाने लगा है। और वैसे तो ब्लड प्रेशर की बीमारी साधारण लगती है पर अगर इसपर काबू न पाया गया तो यह बीमारी दिल की बीमारी, स्ट्रोक और गुर्दे की बीमारी होने का भी खतरा रहता है। और एक बात ब्लड प्रेशर कम हो या ज्यादा ख़तरनाक दोनों ही होते हैं। 

अब समस्या है तो समाधान तो ढूंढना ही पड़ेगा। पर इसके भी दो तरीके है एक रोज अंग्रेजी दवाएं खाकर राहत ली जाए पर इसके साइड इफ़ेक्ट होना तय है, और दूसरा है घरेलू उपचार जो जिसे अपनाकर आप ब्लड प्रेशर पर तो काबू पा ही जाएंगे साथ ही शरीर की और कई बीमारियों में लाभ पहुंचाएगा और साइड इफ़ेक्ट भी नहीं होगा। तो आइए आज हम जानते हैं बढ़े हुए ब्लड प्रेशर को कम करने के घरेलू टिप्स।

1. चोकर युक्त आटा
गेहूं व चने के आटे को बराबर मात्रा में लेकर बनाई गई रोटी खूब चबा-चबाकर खाएं, आटे से चोकर न निकालें। यह ब्लड प्रेशर कंट्रोल करने में काफी कारगर नुस्खा है।

2. ब्राउन राइस
ब्राउन चावल उपयोग में लाए। इसमें नमक, कोलेस्टरोल और चर्बी नाम मात्र की होती है। यह उच्च रक्त चाप रोगी के लिये बहुत ही लाभदायक भोजन है।

3. लहसुन
लहसुन में एलिसीन होता है, जो नाइट्रिक ऑक्साइड के उत्पादन को बढ़ाता है और मांसपेशियों को आराम पहुंचाता है। ब्लड प्रेशर के डायलोस्टिक और सिस्टोलिक सिस्टम में भी राहत देता है। यही कारण है कि ब्लड प्रेशर के मरीजों को रोजाना खाली पेट एक लहसुन की कली निगलनी चाहिए।

4. आंवला
वैसे तो आंवला काफी बीमारियों में मदद करता है पर आज से आप जानलें की आंवला ब्लड प्रेशर के लिए भी बहुत राहत पहुंचाने वाला है। आंवला में विटामिन सी होता है। यह ब्लड सर्कुलेशन को ठीक करता है और कोलेस्ट्रॉल को भी कंट्रोल में रखता है।

5. मूली
वैसे तो मूली एक साधारण सब्जी है। पर इसे खाने से ब्लड प्रेशर कंट्रोल में रहता है। इसे पकाकर या कच्चा खाने से बॉडी को मिनरल्स व सही मात्रा में पोटैशियम मिलता है। यह हाइ-सोडियम डाइट के कारण बढ़ने वाले ब्लड प्रेशर पर भी असर डालता है।

6. तिल और चावल की भूसी
तिल का तेल और चावल की भूसी को एक साथ खाने से ब्लड प्रेशर कंट्रोल में रहता है। यह हाइपरटेंशन के मरीजों के लिए भी लाभदायक होता है। माना जाता है कि यह ब्लड प्रेशर कम करने वाली अन्य औषधियों से ज्यादा बेहतर होता है। 

7. अलसी
अलसी में एल्फा लिनोनेलिक एसिड काफी मात्रा में पाया जाता है। यह एक प्रकार का महत्वपूर्ण ओमेगा - 3 फैटी एसिड है। कई स्टडीज में भी पता चला है कि जिन लोगों को हाइपरटेंशन की शिकायत होती है, उन्हें अपने भोजन में अलसी का इस्तेमाल शुरू करना चाहिए। इसमें कोलेस्ट्रॉल की मात्रा कम होती है और इसे खाने से ब्लड प्रेशर भी कम हो जाता है

8. इलायची
जानकारों के मुताबिक इलायची के नियमित सेवन से ब्लड प्रेशर प्रभावी ढंग से कम होता है। इसे खाने से शरीर को एंटीऑक्सीडेंट मिलते हैं। साथ ही, ब्लड सर्कुलेशन भी सही रहता है।

9. प्याज
नियमित प्याज खाने से कोलेस्ट्रॉल कंट्रोल में रहता है। इसमें क्योरसेटिन होता है। यह एक ऐसा ऑक्सीडेंट फ्लेवेनॉल है, जो दिल को बीमारियों से बचाता है।

10. दालचीनी
दालचीनी के सेवन से ब्लड प्रेशर कंट्रोल में रहता है। दालचीनी में एंटीऑक्सीडेंट पाया जाता है यह ब्लड सर्कुलेशन को सुचारू रखता है।

11. नामक कम खाएं
नमक ब्लड प्रेशर बढाने वाला प्रमुख कारक है। इसलिए यह बात सबसे महत्वपूर्ण है कि जिनकी बीपी हाई हो उन्हें नामक खाने से बचना चाहिए। 

12. रक्त गाढ़ा ना होने दें
लहसुन ब्लड प्रेशर ठीक करने में बहुत मददगार घरेलू उपाय है। यह रक्त का थक्का नहीं जमने देती है। धमनी की कठोरता में लाभदायक है। रक्त में ज्यादा कोलेस्ट्ररोल होने की स्थिति का समाधान करती है। उच्च रक्तचाप का एक प्रमुख कारण होता है रक्त का गाढा होना। रक्त गाढा होने से उसका प्रवाह धीमा हो जाता है। इससे धमनियों और शिराओं में दवाब बढ जाता है। 

13. आंवले का रस
एक बड़ा चम्मच आंवले का रस उसी मात्रा में हनी मिलाकर सुबह-शाम लेने से हाई ब्लड प्रेशर में राहत मिलती है। 

14. काली मिर्च
जब ब्लड प्रेशर बढ़ा हुआ हो तो आधा ग्लास हल्का गर्म पानी में एक चम्मच काली मिर्च पाउडर घोलकर 2-2 घंटे के डिस्टेंस पर पीते रहें। यह ब्लड प्रेशर सही करने का बढिया उपचार है।

15. नींबू
हाई हुए ब्लड प्रेशर को जल्दी कंट्रोल करने के लिये आधा गिलास पानी में आधा नींबू का रस 2-2 घंटे के अंतर से पीते रहें। इससे तुरन्त फायदा होगा।

16. तुलसी 
कुछ तुलसी के पत्ते और दो नीम की पत्तियों को पीसकर 20 ग्राम पानी में घोलकर खाली पेट सुबह पिएं। 15 दिन में असर महसूस होने लगेगा।

17. पपीता
हाई ब्लडप्रेशर के मरीजों के लिए पपीता भी बहुत लाभ करता है, इसे प्रतिदिन खाली पेट चबा-चबाकर खाएं।

18. शर्बत
सौंफ़, जीरा, शक्कर तीनों बराबर मात्रा में लेकर पाउडर बना लें। एक गिलास पानी में एक चम्मच मिश्रण घोलकर सुबह-शाम पिएं।

19. अदरक
बुरा कोलेस्ट्रोल धमनियों की दीवारों पर प्लेक यानी कि कैल्शियम युक्त मैल पैदा करता है जिससे रक्त के प्रवाह में अवरोध खड़ा हो जाता है और नतीजा उच्च रक्तचाप के रूप में सामने आता है। अदरक में बहुत हीं ताकतवर एंटीओक्सीडेट्स होते हैं जो कि बुरे कोलेस्ट्रोल को नीचे लाने में काफी असरदार होते हैं। अदरक से आपके रक्तसंचार में भी सुधार होता है, धमनियों के आसपास की मांसपेशियों को भी आराम मिलता है जिससे कि उच्च रक्तचाप नीचे आ जाता है।

20. मेथी
तीन ग्राम मेथीदाना पावडर सुबह-शाम पानी के साथ लें। इसे पंद्रह दिनों तक लेने से लाभ जरूर फायदा होगा।

21. वॉक
नंगे पैर हरी घास पर रोजाना 10-15 मिनट वॉक करें। इसे नियम में लाने से ब्लड प्रेशर नार्मल रहता है।
 

6 people found this helpful

Lemon - How Keeping It Near Your Bed Will Help You?

Dr. Mahesh Kumar Gupta 89% (282 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), Certificate In Osteopathy, Panchakarma Training
Ayurveda, Udaipur
Lemon - How Keeping It Near Your Bed Will Help You?

The refreshing aroma of the lemon has a significant role to play in ensuring the health of people than just merely being used as food flavoring. Known to be loaded with potassium, antioxidants, calcium, Vitamin B, and various other nutrients, simply placing them in the bedroom can both mentally and physically improve one’s health. Below are some of the outstanding health benefits of this habit.

  1.  Reduces stress: The failure of the activation of the receptors like adenosine A or 2A on the cell membranes is known to cause anxiety, insomnia and impaired transmission of dopamine. However, it is the citrus smell present in the lemons that help in soothing the mind and the body and relaxing the brain by activating the receptors present on the cell membrane.
  2. Improves air quality: A poor air quality inside the house not only makes the environment of the house an unhealthy one but also gives rise of airborne bacteria and germs. Keeping few sliced lemons near your bed not only freshens the air with its sweet citrus smell; but also absorbs the harmful bacteria present in the air, rendering fresh and clean air.
  3. Improves breathing: When it comes to getting rid of the stuffy nose that makes one restless and sleepless in his or her bed at night, keeping sliced lemons near the bed can do wonders. The gentle citrus smell of the lemons improves one’s breathing by soothing the nostrils. The inhaling of the smell of this anti-oxidizing and anti-bacterial fruit helps in keeping the nasal way clear. The essential oil limonene that this fruit contains helps in alleviating other breathing-related issues such as common cold or asthma as well.
  4. Great insect repellant: Without having to use any harmful chemicals that may cause skin and respiratory issues or damage the endocrine system, putting lemon slices near one's bed can serve as a great natural insect replant. Placing this little yellow fruit on the other side of one's bed room keeps all sorts of insects at bay. It is the strong citrus smell of this natural repellent that repels the insects.
  5. Lowers the blood pressure: The sweet aroma of lemons also has a role to play in reducing the blood pressure or maintaining it. Due to the calming effects that this fruit possesses, smelling lemons that are kept near the bed, helps to relax the body as well as reducing the blood pressure.

A lemon functions way beyond as a kitchen fruit or a simple flavoring agent. Based on the considerable numbers of therapeutic properties, a lemon should be there in the house, especially in the bed rooms, if you want to reap the magical benefits of this little citrus fruit. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult an ayurveda.

12295 people found this helpful

High BP & Sex - Are They Related?

Dr. P.K Gupta 81% (94 ratings)
MBBS, MD, PGD-USG ,PGDS(SEXUAL MEDICINE
Sexologist, Delhi
High BP & Sex - Are They Related?

High blood pressure is a condition in which the pressure of the blood against the artery wall is high enough to cause health problems, including heart disease. No symptoms may be noticed in a person for years but the damage to the blood vessels and to your heart continues. High blood pressure can have an impact on your sex life. Although sexual activity does not lead to any possible threats to your health but high blood pressure can affect the pleasure you would have otherwise derived from sex.

In Men:
High blood pressure leads to the wearing out of the lining of blood vessels and causes arteries to narrow and harden that decreases the blood flow. This results in decreased blood flow to the penis. In case of some men, this decreased blood flow makes it difficult for them to achieve and maintain an erection. This problem is called erectile dysfunction.
High blood pressure may also interfere with ejaculation and be a cause for low libido. The medications that are prescribed for treating high blood pressure may lead to this condition.

In Women:
Just as in the case of men, high blood pressure results in the decreased flow of blood to the vagina in case of women. This may cause problems like low libido, vaginal dryness, or complexities in achieving orgasm. Sexual dysfunction in women results in stress, anxiety and even relationship issues.

2 people found this helpful

Low Blood Pressure!

Dr. Paramjeet Singh 94% (666 ratings)
MBBS, Dip.Cardiology, Fellowship in Clinical Cardiology(FICC), Fellowship in Echocardiology
Cardiologist, Ghaziabad
Low Blood Pressure!

You've probably heard that high blood pressure is a problem. Sometimes blood pressure that is too low can also cause problems.

Blood pressure is the force of your blood pushing against the walls of your arteries. Each time your heart beats, it pumps out blood into the arteries. Your blood pressure is highest when your heart beats, pumping the blood. This is called systolic pressure. When your heart is at rest, between beats, your blood pressure falls. This is the diastolic pressure. Your blood pressure reading uses these two numbers. Usually they're written one above or before the other, such as 120/80. If your blood pressure reading is 90/60 or lower, you have low blood pressure.

Some people have low blood pressure all the time. They have no symptoms and their low readings are normal for them. In other people, blood pressure drops below normal because of a medical condition or certain medicines. Some people may have symptoms of low blood pressure when standing up too quickly. Low blood pressure is a problem only if it causes dizziness, fainting or in extreme cases, shock.

6 people found this helpful

How Is Thyme Beneficial For You?

Dr. Jagmeet Kaur 92% (568 ratings)
MD-Ayurveda,Kayachikitsa(Ayurvedic physician), BAMS, MD
Ayurveda, Jammu
How Is Thyme Beneficial For You?

Thyme herb belongs to the mint family. Apart from being a staple culinary ingredient, it is getting fast recognition for its medicinal benefits. Here are 13 topmost benefits of thyme -

1. Fights acne: When thyme is soaked in alcohol for several days, it turns tincture and attains antibacterial properties for fighting acne.

2. Lowers blood pressure: If thyme can be replaced with salt in foods, it will work effectively in lowering the heart rate.

3. Controls cough: Thyme oil mixed with ivy leaves is a wonderful natural remedy for cough, cold and even acute bronchitis.

4. Boosts immunity: Thyme comes loaded with nutrients like vitamin A, C, Manganese, Copper, Iron and fiber to help build body's immunity.

5. Helps in controlling pests: Thyme is added as a primary ingredient in many pesticides for controlling pests, virus and bacteria. Rub thyme leaves on your arms and legs and you will be safe from mosquito bites.

6. Improves mood: Thyme essential oil contains a substance called 'carvacrol'. This substance helps thyme in being used as an aromatic agent that renders many therapeutic uses.

7. Protects from cancer: Thyme extracts render protective effect on organs like colon and breast from cancer.

8. Treats yeast infection: Thyme essential oil can be applied over yeast infected areas (vagina and mouth) for quick relief.

9. Cures rheumatism: The diuretic properties of thyme oil can help in removal of toxins, which consequently improves the circulation and can cure rheumatism.

10. Strengthens cardiac muscles: Thyme has anti-spasmodic properties that make it eligible to be used for regulating the functioning of heart valves. It relieves heart from stress by smoothening veins and arteries.

11. Can help treat gas: Thyme is an effective carminative agent and can easily push gas downward for removal.

12. Uplifts low blood pressure: Thyme is a boon for those who often have plummeting blood pressure to save them from the sluggish lifestyle.

13. Kills virus: Thyme, in its various forms, holds immense antiviral potential and prevents the entry of the virus into the cell.

3292 people found this helpful

10 Best Herbs For Low And High Blood Pressure!

Dr. A.A Khan 90% (901 ratings)
M.B.B.S,C.C.A,D.C.A,AASECT,FPA,AAD,M.I.M.S
General Physician, Gorakhpur
10 Best Herbs For Low And High Blood Pressure!

The use of herbs to lower high blood pressure has been in practice for thousands of years, due to the diverse range of effects that herbal remedies can have High blood pressure is of two types – primary hypertension and secondary hypertension. There is no clear cause for primary hypertension, although it tends to occur more often as we age, and can be exacerbated by certain factors, such as a poor diet, smoking or a sedentary lifestyle. Secondary hypertension, on the other hand, can result in a more rapid and intense elevation of your blood pressure, but this has been linked to certain drugs and medical conditions, including kidney and thyroid issues, drug and alcohol abuse, birth control pills, obstructive sleep apnea, certain decongestants and pain relievers, among others.

High blood pressure is a serious health concern that should be mitigated or addressed in the right way. That extra tension or stress on your arteries and blood vessels can cause breakdown in these tissues, raising your risk of cardiovascular diseases and other complications. While lifestyle and dietary changes are highly recommended, there are also a number of herbal remedies that can reduce high blood pressure, thanks to their anti-inflammatory, anxiolytic, sedative and antioxidant properties.

Herbs for high blood pressure - how to use them

Some of the best herbs to control high blood pressure include ginkgo biloba, hawthorn, green tea, basil and turmeric, among others.

1. Hawthorn

As an ancient chinese remedy, hawthorn has been known as an anti-inflammatory and cardio-protective herb for generations. It is able to improve circulation, reduce blood pressure, and lower your risk of blood clots, all of which can increase energy levels and prevent heart attacks and strokes.

How to use – hawthorn is most popularly used in a tea form, although there are tablets and capsules available that can be purchased from herbalists and health food stores.

2. Green tea

Packed with antioxidants like epigallocatechins and phenolic compounds, green tea is an excellent anti-inflammatory substance and can help heal any damage that hypertension causes. Research shows that regular green tea consumption can lower your risk of hypertension by nearly 50%.

How to use – green tea is most commonly consumed as a tea, as the name implies, but green tea extract has also become quite popular in recent years. For effective reults, drink just 2-3 cups of green tea per day.

3. Cardamom

This popular asian spice has been studied extensively in relation to hypertension and it has been found that regular use of cardamom can lower base blood pressure levels and reduce your risk of cardiovascular complications. The spice is also linked to lower levels of stress and depression, which can also be a factor behind hypertension.

How to use – after you crack open the cardamom pods, grind the seeds down to a powder and then add it to beverages, sweet or savory foods for a flavorful and healthy boost in your meal.

4. Basil

With significant levels of ursolic acid and eugenol, basil is able to reduce symptoms of hypertension and promote calmness through the body and mind, making it one of the best herbs for high blood pressure.

How to use -fresh basil is very popular although the extract can also be used for a more concentrated dose of herbal benefits. Simply add the fresh basil leaves to soups, stews and pastas, as the flavor is exceptional.

5. Garlic

As one of the most antioxidant-rich herbs you can add to your diet, the active ingredients in garlic can remove plaque from your artery walls, lower blood pressure levels, reduce overall cholesterol and generally strengthen your entire cardiovascular system.

How to use – this potent herb can be added to soups, stews, pastas, stir fries, pressed to form garlic juice, or even eaten raw, as some people prefer. Garlic extract is also available in most health food stores.

6. Turmeric

Famed in indian cuisine and widely used in curries around the world, turmeric has an active ingredient – curcumin, which has countless effects on the body. This includes inhibiting angiotensin receptors in the vascular system, preventing blood vessels and arteries from tightening up, thus relieving strain on the heart.

How to use – this flavorful spice can be added to almost any savory dish but also blended into smoothies and shakes, sprinkled on eggs or roasted vegetables, or even brewed into a potent tea.

7. Cat’s claw

This slightly unusual herb has been in use for thousands of years and is directly linked to lowering blood pressure, as it can affect the calcium channels in the body, which regulatewater balance and help minimize symptoms of hypertension.

How to use – root and bark extracts of cat’s claw are usually available in capsule or tablet form from herbalists and health food stores.

8. Ginkgo biloba

As a known vasodilator and stimulant substance, ginkgo biloba will not only lower the strain on your blood vessels and arteries but also improve circulation, largely thanks to the dense antioxidant content in this ancient herb.

How to use – most people use ginkgo biloba in extract form, so you can purchase tablets or capsules at the majority of health food stores, or anywhere that herbal supplements are sold.

9. Celery seed

The most important components of celery seed are phthalides, anti-inflammatory compounds that can help lower blood pressure significantly; some of these compounds are actually unique to celery seed, and it is considered as one of the best herbs for high blood pressure.

How to use – you can add celery seed to a variety of foods and dishes, including as a sandwich topping, in salads and soups, as a topping for vegetable and savory dishes, and it can even be brewed into a tea.

10. Cinnamon

Cinnamon is not only delicious, but also a potent antioxidant that can reducehypertension and cholesterol levels, thanks to the presence of cinnamaldehyde and other water-soluble organic compounds in this popular spice.

How to use – add cinnamon to savory or sweet recipes, brew a tea, or use it as a topping for beverages.

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Causes Of Palpitations!

Dr. Saurabh Juneja 85% (170 ratings)
MBBS, Master of Surgery - General Surgery, Magistrar Chirurgiae (Cardio-Thoracic Surgery)
Cardiologist, Faridabad
Causes Of Palpitations!

Palpitations is the feeling that you experience when your heart beats abnormally. Heart palpitations can be felt in the form of rapid, fluttering or pounding heartbeats. They can be frightening as when you palpate, you heart beats so hard that it even skips a beat and the sensations are so strong that they can be felt all through your chest, neck, and throat.

Palpitations are also common especially in young people because of abnormal electrical circuits in heart from birth. However, they may have normal hearts on Echo. Such palpitations are curable by a nonsurgical methods called Radiofrequency Ablation.

Palpitations can be triggered as a result of a number of reasons like stress, certain medications, exercise etc.

Here are a few prominent causes of heart palpitations.

Causes unrelated to the Heart -

- Anxiety, fear, and stress
- Consumption of alcohol and drugs like caffeine, nicotine etc.
- Consumption of street drugs likes cocaine, amphetamines etc.
- Certain medical conditions such as thyroid, anemia, dehydration, low blood pressure and low sugar levels etc.
- Hormonal changes that occur as a result of menstruation, pregnancy, menopause etc.
- Certain nutritional and herbal supplements
- Certain medications like asthma inhalers, diet pills etc.
- Abnormal levels of electrolyte
- Sensitivity to certain food items like some carbohydrates

Causes related to the Heart -

- Coronary artery disease
- Prior instances of heart attack
- Congestive heart failure (a condition wherein your heart's chambers get affected)
- Problems associated with the heart valves or the heart muscles

Immediate Relief Mechanisms-

It is crucial to go to the most easily available doctor to get an ECG done during palpitations as ECG will give an exact diagnosis, which helps in identifying the clear line of treatment.

Here are a few techniques that can help you in getting immediate relief from heart palpitations until you are able to visit a doctor in case of a serious condition.

- Cough it out
- Splash cold water on your face or take a cold shower
- Practice slow, deep breathing exercises. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Cardiologist.

2927 people found this helpful

Reasons For High Blood Pressure - उच्च रक्तचाप के कारण

Dt. Radhika 93% (459 ratings)
MBBS, M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Reasons For High Blood Pressure - उच्च रक्तचाप के कारण

रक्त, आर्टरीस की दीवारों पर जो बल डालता है, उससे ब्लड प्रेशर कहते हैं। इस बल की शम्मता, दिल के रक्त छोड़ने के प्रेशर और रक्त वाहिकाओं द्वारा लगाए गए प्रतिरोध पे निर्भर करती है। उच्च रक्तचाप, जिसे हाइपरटेंशन भी कहते हैं, तब होता है जब यह बल बहुत अधिक हो जाता है। 
रक्तचाप रीडिंग दो नंबरों में दिया जाता है। पहला, सिस्टल रक्तचाप, जो हृदय अनुबंध के कारण धमनियों में दबाव है। दूसरा डायस्टोलिक रक्तचाप, जो दिल के वापस विस्तार के कारण धमनियों में दबाव है। वयस्कों के लिए सिस्टोलिक दबाव 120 एमएमएचजी के नीचे और डायस्टोलिक दबाव 80 एमएमएचजी के नीचे, सामान्य रक्तचाप होता है। जब आप उत्साहित होते हैं या घबराते हैं, तो रक्त के दबाव में परिवर्तन सामान्य होता है। हालांकि, गतिविधि बंद हो जाने पर, आपका ब्लड प्रेशर आपकी सामान्य बेसलाइन रेंज में वापस आ जाता है। 
रक्तचाप सामान्य रूप से उम्र और शरीर के आकार के साथ बढ़ जाता है। संकीर्ण धमनियां प्रतिरोध को बढ़ाती हैं, जो रक्तचाप में वृद्धि का कारण बनता है। जब सिस्टोलिक दबाव 120 - 139 के बीच हो या डायस्टोलिक दबाव 80 - 89 के बीच हो, तो उस स्थिति को प्रीहाइपरटेंशन। 140/90 एमएमएचजी या उससे ऊपर का रक्तचाप उच्च माना जाता है, यानी के, यदि आपके सिस्टोलिक दबाव 140 से अधिक या डायस्टॉलिक दबाव 90 से ऊपर है। 
 

उच्च रक्तचाप के कारण
1. उम्र:

उम्र के साथ उच्च रक्तचाप का खतरा बढ़ जाता है। जैसे जैसे हम उम्र में बढ़ते है, हमारा रक्तचाप स्वाभाविक रूप से बढ़ जाता है। वास्तव में, 50 से 60 वर्ष से अधिक आयु के लोगों को हृदय रोगों का अधिक खतरा होता है। 
2. जेनेटिक:
कुछ लोग जेनेटिकली उच्च रक्तचाप के लिए अधिक संवेदनशील होते हैं। यह जीन म्यूटेशन या जेनेटिक असामान्यताओं से हो सकता है।
3. व्यायाम की कमी और पुअर डाइट:
उच्च रक्तचाप अक्सर एक लंबे समय तक गतिहीन जीवन शैली के कारण होता है। व्यायाम की कमी, अतिरिक्त आहार के लवण का सेवन मोटापे का कारण बनता है और उच्च रक्तचाप का खतरा बढ़ा देता है। सोडियम संवेदनशीलता के अलावा, उच्च रक्तचाप और हृदय की स्थितियां भी, चीनी और वसा से भरी हुई आहार से जुड़ी हुई है।
4. शराब, ड्रग्स और धूम्रपान:
अत्यधिक मात्रा में शराब पीना या मनोरंजक दवाओं जैसे कोकीन, मेथ आदि का उपयोग करना धमनियों पर तनाव डाल सकता है और हृदय को नुकसान पहुंचा सकता है। धूम्रपान संकीर्ण धमनियों का कारण बनता है, जिसके कारण दिल को अधिक काम करना पड़ता है। यह भी दिल के दौरे और हृदय रोगों के जोखिम को बढ़ा सकता है।
5. हार्मोनल स्थितियां:
एल्दोस्टरोनिस्म, एक एल्दोस्टरोनिस्म, एक हार्मोन विकार जो पोटेशियम और सोडियम स्तरों के बीच असंतुलन पैदा करता है, उच्च रक्तचाप का एक सामान्य कारण है। मेनोपॉज के लिए हार्मोन थेरेपी भी रक्तचाप में वृद्धि का कारण हो सकती है। 
6. स्लीप एप्निया:
स्लीप एपनिया एक ऐसा विकार है जो नींद के दौरान सांस को रोकने या बहुत उथले बनने का कारण बनता है। इससे ऑक्सीजन का स्तर कम हो सकता है और कार्डियोवास्कुलर सिस्टम पर तनाव बढ़ सकता है।
7. गुर्दे की बीमारियां:
उच्च रक्तचाप का सबसे आम कारणों मे से एक गुर्दे की बीमारी है। गुर्दे सामान्य रूप से, सोडियम और पानी को बनाए रख कर और पोटेशियम निकल कर, शरीर के नमक संतुलन को विनियमित करते हैं। इसमें असंतुलन खून की मात्रा बढ़ा सकता है, जिससे उच्च रक्तचाप पैदा हो सकता है।

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Suffering From Thyroid? Things You Should Know!

Dr. Vishram Rajhans 91% (1283 ratings)
LCPS, BAM&S
Ayurveda, Pune
Suffering From Thyroid? Things You Should Know!

Your thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland situated at the base of the front of your neck, just below your Adam's apple. Hormones produced by the thyroid gland do everything from maintaining your heart rate to regulating your body temperature to controlling your body weight. 

Millions of people worldwide suffer from thyroid dysfunction and several don't know about it. This is primarily because people don't tend to link the common symptoms first with a thyroid disease. Some people suffer from mood swings, trouble with memory, weight gain or fatigue, all of which they look upon individually as a problem and hence not piecing together the puzzle of their real medical condition. Here are a few insights that'll help you cope:

How does the thyroid gland work: About 85% of the hormone produced by our thyroid gland is T4, which is an inactive form of the hormone. After T4 is made, a small amount of is converted into T3, which is the active form of thyroid hormone. T3 is then converted to free T3 or reverse T3. It is the free T3 that forms the base of thyroid functions. 

What is hypothyroidism: Hypothyroidism, or an underactive thyroid, accounts for 90% of all thyroid imbalances. The signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism develop slowly, often over a number of years, which is why it is often missed from regular treatment charts. For instance, fatigue and weight gain are often attributed to stress, lifestyle changes and natural ageing process. But as time goes by, some of the symptoms show a higher level of manifestation like muscle weakness, elevated blood cholesterol, thinning hair, puffy face, hoarse voice and slowed heart rate. 

If left untreated, hypothyroidism may lead to goiter (enlarged thyroid), increased memory problems, low blood pressure, decreased breathing and in extreme cases, unresponsiveness and coma. 
This disease may also occur in newborns, infants and children. Symptoms include excessive sleepiness, poor muscle tone and constipation. It is important to diagnose and treat it early, as in severe cases it may lead to mental and / or physical retardation. In children and teens, it can result in stunted growth, and delayed puberty.

What is hyperthyroidism: It's the opposite of hypothyroidism, which means in this case the thyroid overproduces hormones. Common symptoms include lack of sleep, weakness, irregular heartbeat, elevated blood pressure and hand tremors. While genetics are partially responsible for it, it is also triggered by autoimmune disorder. Hyperthyroidism can be treated with medication, radioactive iodine (not the first or best choice as it harms white cells too) and surgery. Keeping a focus on your calcium and sodium intake is crucial to curb the disorder.

Treatments: Conventional treatments rely mainly on drugs and surgery. Alternative treatments involve diet and lifestyle changes. Taking multivitamins, going gluten free, getting a good night sleep, and reducing stress is all said to help heal your thyroid gradually. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult an ayurveda.

3415 people found this helpful

Shortness in Breath - Can Your Heart Be In Danger?

Dr. Saurabh Juneja 85% (170 ratings)
MBBS, Master of Surgery - General Surgery, Magistrar Chirurgiae (Cardio-Thoracic Surgery)
Cardiologist, Faridabad
Shortness in Breath - Can Your Heart Be In Danger?

There are different types of heart problems like coronary artery disease, congenital heart failure and cardiomyopathy, but their warning signs are the same i.e. shortness of breath. This is the reason why shortness of breath should never be taken lightly and should always be investigated for heart diseases.

Why does shortness of breath happen?
You may not be able to get in enough air while experiencing shortness of breath. Known medically as dyspnea, shortness of breath is often described as an intense tightening in the chest and a feeling of suffocation. This is one of the most frightening conditions experienced by a patient. You can experience dyspnea without any serious medical problems in these conditions

  1. After strenuous exercise
  2. In extreme temperatures
  3. Due to obesity and
  4. In high altitudes

But if you are not in any of these conditions, then shortness of breath is a sign of a serious medical problem usually involving your heart or lungs. These two vital organs transport oxygen to the rest of your body and remove carbon dioxide; hence problems with either of these organs can affect your breathing. Shortness of breath that comes on suddenly called acute, can be due to other causes too like:

  1. Asthma
  2. Excess fluid around the heart
  3. Low BP
  4. Heart failure
  5. Blood clot in an artery in the lung
  6. Collapsed lung
  7. Pneumonia

If you have had shortness of breath that has lasted for weeks, then we call it chronic and its causes can be various diseases of the heart apart from asthma and COPD. There is no doubt that your heart may be in trouble, if you have chronic shortness of breath. You may be suffering from these heart conditions:

  1. Cardiomyopathy or problems with the heart muscle cause symptoms like shortness of breath after physical exertion as well as fatigue, and swelling of legs and abdomen. Patients suffering from cardiomyopathy are at risk of sudden death due to cardiac arrest.
  2. Heart arrhythmias is also called irregular heartbeat, and can cause slow or fast heartbeats. These also have symptoms like shortness of breath. Arrhythmias can cause strokes, heart failure and cardiac arrest.
  3. Heart failure occurs when the heart is unable to pump blood efficiently to meet the needs of the body. This is a potentially fatal condition. One of the most common symptom is shortness of breath with exercise and while lying down. Fatigue is another common symptom.
  4. Pericarditis or swelling of membranes around the heart is also characterised by shortness of breath.

Treatment of breathlessness can start after you are referred to a heart specialist for further tests to confirm the likely cause.

2859 people found this helpful