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Liver Tips

What Are The Reasons Behind Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease?

Dr. Gurwant Singh Lamba 85% (14 ratings)
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
What Are The Reasons Behind Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease?

Just like the name suggests, Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is a set of diseases that can affect the liver due to excess accumulation of fat. One common disease that arises from this condition is known as nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. This can lead to cirrhosis as well. NAFLD is very common in the Western Countries affecting close to 100 million people annually. Although it can occur in any age group, the most affected age group being the one between 40-50 million. With this condition, the risk of getting other diseases such as cardiovascular problems and type 2 diabetes increases considerably.

Symptoms: Non-alcoholic fatty liver shows symptoms such as fatigue, enlarged liver, and pain, discomfort in the upper abdomen. Some other symptoms that have been witnessed in patients suffering from NAFLD include the development of breasts in men, swelling of the abdomen, red palms, jaundice, swelling of the blood vessels etc.

Causes: Experts have not been able to identify the exact causes of NAFLD. However, it is pretty evident that this condition only arises when the liver fails to produce bile which is responsible for digesting the fat cells. The fat in turn deposits in the liver cells resulting in NAFLD. Some of the possible causes include the following:

  • The resistance of insulin
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • High level of triglyceride in the blood
  • Obesity

Risk Factors: There is a wide array of risk factors that can pose a threat of NAFLD. Some of them include metabolic syndrome, high cholesterol, hypothyroidism, type 2 diabetes, hypopituitarism, obesity, polycystic ovary syndrome etc.

Complications: The major complications of NAFLD is liver cirrhosis. This is a condition that results in scarring of the liver cells resulting in fibrosis. Some other complications include fluid accumulation in the liver, liver cancer, swelling of the vein etc.

Diet: A mediterranean diet is a perfect diet suited for patients suffering from NAFLD. It includes nuts, fish, vegetables, grains, fruits and olive oil. Fat should be eliminated from the diet by a significant bit. It is important to add the right kind of fat in the diet. Omega-3 fatty acid available in flaxseed oil, leafy vegetables, and nuts fits the bill. Studies have shown that vitamin D and E helps a great deal in fighting liver diseases. Some other food items that should be included in the diet are green-tea, red grapes, brazil nuts, raw garlic, wolfberry etc.

Treatment: Once the disease is diagnosed, a doctor’s first endeavour is to ensure that the patient loses weight through a combination of diet and exercise. Vaccination against hepatitis A and B is the next step that a doctor would ideally suggest. For patients who are suffering from cirrhosis, a liver transplant is the only viable option to increase mortality.

2650 people found this helpful

Diet To Follow After A Liver Transplant Surgery!

Dr. Rajiv Lochan 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, FRCS (edinburgh), MD - R & D, FRCS Intercollegiate
Liver Transplant Surgeon, Bangalore
Diet To Follow After A Liver Transplant Surgery!

Liver transplants are considered a safe procedure and has a high success rate. However, it is important for patients to follow proper aftercare instructions as given by the doctor. The liver helps process food and filter toxins and hence the patient’s diet must be carefully monitored after a transplant surgery. Weight gain after liver transplant can cause fatty liver disease and damage the sensitive transplanted liver.

Here are a few tips on the ideal diet to be followed after a liver transplant surgery.

  • Avoid alcohol: Alcohol is a big no-no after a liver transplant surgery. In addition to not drinking any type of alcohol, patients should also abstain from any food cooked in alcohol or wine.
  • Avoid pomegranates and grapefruits: Fruits are very good for recovery but certain fruits such as pomegranates and grapefruits should be avoided. This is because they may have an effect on the immunosuppression medications being prescribed to keep the body from rejecting the donor liver.
  • Eat plenty of vegetables: Vegetables are essential during recovery process after a transplant surgery. This gives the body the necessary nutrition it requires and also acts as a good source of fibre.
  • Eat lean meatLean meats like poultry and fish act as rich sources of proteins. This helps the body speed up the recovery process. Other forms of protein include soy, eggs, legumes and nuts. Avoid fatty meats as these are difficult to digest and can put a strain on the liver.
  • Drink plenty of water: Water helps in hydrating the body and is essential during recovery from a major surgery such as a liver transplant. Water also helps improve blood circulation and eases the filtration of toxins. Patients should ideally drink 8-10 glasses of water a day.
  • Limit sugar consumption: One of the side effects of medication prescribed after a liver transplant includes high blood sugar. To avoid this, limit your consumption of sweets and sugars. Avoid cakes, jams, jellies, packaged juices and chocolate.
  • Have plenty of fibre: Fibre helps ease digestion and helps control cholesterol levels. An increase in cholesterol levels may be due to the medication being prescribed. Hence eat plenty of fibre. This could be in the form of whole grain foods, vegetables and fruits. As far as possible avoid processed foods.
  • Get enough calciumMedication prescribed after a liver transplant may make the patient’s bones lighter. This can increase the risk of conditions such as osteoporosis. To counter this, it is important to get enough calcium.

Before consuming any kinds of foods and supplements, it is essential to consult with the doctor about the diet that needs to be followed. A proper diet and aftercare can do wonders in recovering from the surgical procedure.



Treatment Of Gallstones!

Dr. Swarup Kumar Ghosh 89% (82 ratings)
MD - Bio-Chemistry, MF Homeo (London), DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery), BHMS
Homeopath, Kolkata
Treatment Of Gallstones!

Gallstones are small, pebble-like substances that develop in the gallbladder. The gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped sac located below your liver in the right upper abdomen. Gallstones form when liquid stored in the gallbladder hardens into pieces of stone-like material. The liquid—called bile—helps the body digest fats. Bile is made in the liver, then stored in the gallbladder until the body needs it. The gallbladder contracts and pushes the bile into a tube—called the common bile duct—that carries it to the small intestine, where it helps with digestion.

Bile contains water, cholesterol, fats, bile salts, proteins, and bilirubin—a waste product. Bile salts break up fat, and bilirubin gives bile and stool a yellowish-brown color. If the liquid bile contains too much cholesterol, bile salts, or bilirubin, it can harden into gallstones.

Types of gallstones:

The two types of gallstones are cholesterol stones and pigment stones. Cholesterol stones are usually yellow-green and are made primarily of hardened cholesterol. They account for about 80 percent of gallstones. Pigment stones are small, dark stones made of bilirubin. Gallstones can be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a golf ball. The gallbladder can develop just one large stone, hundreds of tiny stones,

Gallstones can block the normal flow of bile if they move from the gallbladder and lodge in any of the ducts that carry bile from the liver to the small intestine. The ducts include the
Hepatic ducts, which carry bile out of the liver
Cystic duct, which takes bile to and from the gallbladder
Common bile duct, which takes bile from the cystic and hepatic ducts to the small intestine
Bile trapped in these ducts can cause inflammation in the gallbladder, the ducts, or in rare cases, the liver. Other ducts open into the common bile duct, including the pancreatic duct, which carries digestive enzymes out of the pancreas. Sometimes gallstones passing through the common bile duct provoke inflammation in the pancreas—called gallstone pancreatitis—an extremely painful and potentially dangerous condition.
If any of the bile ducts remain blocked for a significant period of time, severe damage or infection can occur in the gallbladder, liver, or pancreas. Left untreated, the condition can be fatal. Warning signs of a serious problem are fever, jaundice, and persistent pain.

Causes gallstones:

Scientists believe cholesterol stones form when bile contains too much cholesterol, too much bilirubin, or not enough bile salts, or when the gallbladder does not empty completely or often enough. The reason these imbalances occur is not known.
The cause of pigment stones is not fully understood. The stones tend to develop in people who have liver cirrhosis, biliary tract infections, or hereditary blood disorders—such as sickle cell anemia in which the liver makes too much bilirubin.

The mere presence of gallstones may cause more gallstones to develop. Other factors that contribute to the formation of gallstones, particularly cholesterol stones, include

Sex. Women are twice as likely as men to develop gallstones. Excess estrogen from pregnancy, hormone replacement therapy, and birth control pills appears to increase cholesterol levels in bile and decrease gallbladder movement, which can lead to gallstones.
Family history. Gallstones often run in families, pointing to a possible genetic link.

Weight. A large clinical study showed that being even moderately overweight increases the risk for developing gallstones. The most likely reason is that the amount of bile salts in bile is reduced, resulting in more cholesterol. Increased cholesterol reduces gallbladder emptying. Obesity is a major risk factor for gallstones, especially in women.

Diet. Diets high in fat and cholesterol and low in fiber increase the risk of gallstones due to increased cholesterol in the bile and reduced gallbladder emptying.
Rapid weight loss. As the body metabolizes fat during prolonged fasting and rapid weight loss—such as “crash diets”—the liver secretes extra cholesterol into bile, which can cause gallstones. In addition, the gallbladder does not empty properly.

Age. People older than age 60 are more likely to develop gallstones than younger people. As people age, the body tends to secrete more cholesterol into bile.
Ethnicity. American indians have a genetic predisposition to secrete high levels of cholesterol in bile. In fact, they have the highest rate of gallstones in the united states. The majority of american indian men have gallstones by age 60. Among the pima indians of arizona, 70 percent of women have gallstones by age 30. Mexican american men and women of all ages also have high rates of gallstones.

Cholesterol-lowering drugs. Drugs that lower cholesterol levels in the blood actually increase the amount of cholesterol secreted into bile. In turn, the risk of gallstones increases.
Diabetes. People with diabetes generally have high levels of fatty acids called triglycerides. These fatty acids may increase the risk of gallstones.

Symptoms of gallstones:

As gallstones move into the bile ducts and create blockage, pressure increases in the gallbladder and one or more symptoms may occur. Symptoms of blocked bile ducts are often called a gallbladder “attack” because they occur suddenly. Gallbladder attacks often follow fatty meals, and they may occur during the night. A typical attack can cause
Steady pain in the right upper abdomen that increases rapidly and lasts from 30 minutes to several hours

Pain in the back between the shoulder blades

Pain under the right shoulder

Notify your doctor if you think you have experienced a gallbladder attack. Although these attacks often pass as gallstones move, your gallbladder can become infected and rupture if a blockage remains.

People with any of the following symptoms should see a doctor immediately:

Prolonged pain—more than 5 hours
Nausea and vomiting
Fever—even low-grade—or chills
Yellowish color of the skin or whites of the eyes
Clay-colored stools
Many people with gallstones have no symptoms; these gallstones are called “silent stones.” they do not interfere with gallbladder, liver, or pancreas function and do not need treatment.

Homeopathic treatment

Berberis vulgaris:
This homeopathic remedy may be indicated when the individual experiences stitching pains radiating from the area of the gallbladder in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen to the stomach, shoulder and even into the kidneys, according to the university of michigan health system. Sharp pains may be felt in the low back and standing makes them worse.

Lycopodium may be indicated when the pains start in the right side of the abdomen and move to the left side, according to the" synoptic materia medica" the pains may be accompanied by loud belching, gas, rumbling in the stomach and abdomen, nausea and vomiting. Additional indications for taking this remedy are the desire for very warm food and drinks, which make the pains feel better during eating and drinking; or from waking in the nighttime with burning pains in the chest extending to the throat.

Colocynthis is indicated in cases of gallstone colic when there is a great deal of cramping in the abdomen, which is made better by firm pressure or when the person bends forward, according to Dr. William boericke in the" materia medica and repertory" other indications pointing to this remedy are when the gallstone colic onset occurs during or after the person has been very angry

Calcarea carbonica: 

When a person needing this remedy has gallbladder problems, the abdomen may feel swollen on the right and be very sensitive to pressure, with cutting pains that extend to the chest and are worse from stooping, the person feels worse from standing, worse from exertion, and better from lying on the painful side. Calcarea carbonica is often indicated for people who tire easily, feel cold and sluggish with clammy hands and feet, crave sweets, and tend to feel anxious and overwhelmed when ill.

Chelidonium majus: 
This remedy is often indicated when pain extends to the back, right shoulder, and shoulder-blade. The abdomen is distended, with a constricting feeling as if a string were pulled across it. Pain is worse from motion, and lying on the left with the legs drawn up may help. The person may feel nauseous, especially after eating fat or drinking something cold (warm drinks stay down more easily). The person may feel tired, worse from being cold, and worse in the early morning.

This remedy is indicated when abdominal pain from gallstones is relieved by bending backward, and is worse when the person is bending forward or lying flat. Standing up and moving around in open air can also bring improvement. Pains can spread to the back, chest, and arms, or may shift around. The person tends to feel worse in the evening and at night, and also when lying down.

Nux vomica: 

Constricting pains that travel upward, stitching pains, and a swollen feeling in the upper right part of the abdomen suggest a need for this remedy. Digestive cramps and nausea, along with a general feeling of chilliness, are likely. The person may crave fats, strong spicy foods, alcohol, coffee and other stimulants, and feel worse from having them. Irritability and impatience are usually pronounced when this remedy is needed.

This remedy is sometimes indicated in liver and gallbladder problems when soreness is felt in the upper right part of the abdomen along with a feeling of weakness, sinking, or emptiness. Heat may also be felt in the area. Constipation with clay-colored stools that are dry and hard to pass may alternate with watery diarrhea. 

Treatment of Enlarged Liver!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 84% (10 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi

Treatment of Enlarged Liver

Homeopathic Treatment of Enlarged Liver
Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Enlarged Liver
Psychotherapy Treatment of Enlarged Liver
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Enlarged Liver
Surgical Treatment of Enlarged Liver
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Enlarged Liver
Other Treatment of Enlarged Liver
What is Enlarged Liver
Symptoms of Enlarged Liver
Causes of Enlarged Liver
Risk factors of Enlarged Liver
Complications of Enlarged Liver
Lab Investigations and Diagnosis of Enlarged Liver
Precautions & Prevention of Enlarged Liver
Treatment of Enlarged Liver

Homeopathic Treatment of Enlarged Liver

Homeopathic remedies improve the functioning of the liver and prevent further damage to the liver. Homeopathic medicines neutralize toxins and acts as a liver-friendly anti-oxidant, vitamin and mineral supplement. Some of the homeopathic remedies for enlarged liver or hepatomegaly are:

Carduus M

Acupuncture and Acupressure Treatment of Enlarged Liver

Acupuncture treatment at specific liver points and other associated points improves liver function and stabilizes size.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Enlarged Liver

In allopathic medicine, effective drug treatment of liver disease is very limited, and is often restricted to treating the symptoms and preventing the complications.

Surgical Treatment of Enlarged Liver

In some cases, surgical reversal of intestinal bypass for obesity is required.

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Enlarged Liver

Eat fruits and vegetables
Avoid refined carbohydrates
Avoid junk food
Avoid sugar-sweetened drinks
Drink raw fruit and vegetable juices

What is Enlarged Liver?

Enlarged liver describes a liver that is larger than normal in size. A medical term for an enlarged liver is hepatomegaly. An enlarged liver is typically a sign of an underlying problem. A liver is a large, football-shaped organ found in the upper right portion of your abdomen.

Symptoms of Enlarged Liver

Abdominal pain
A feeling of fullness
Yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes

Causes of Enlarged Liver

Accumulation of fat in the liver cells
Tumors that start or spread to the liver
Blockage of the veins that drain the liver
Heart failure
Liver cancer

Risk factors of Enlarged Liver

Certain herbal supplements like black cohosh and mistletoe
Large doses of over-the-counter medicines
Infectious diseases like malaria and Q fever.
Hepatitis A, B and C
Drinking large amounts of alcohol

Complications of Enlarged Liver

Liver failure 

Diagnosis of Enlarged Liver

Diagnosis of enlarged liver consists of the following tests:

Physical examination
Blood tests – to determine your liver enzyme levels.
Imaging tests – CT scan and ultrasound
Liver biopsy – a sample of liver tissue is removed for testing

Precautions & Prevention of Enlarged Liver

Diet full of fruits, vegetables and whole grains
Maintain a healthy weight
Avoid alcohol
Do not smoke
Avoid contact with chemicals

1 person found this helpful

Benign Liver Tumor - Treatment In Ayurveda!

Dr. Paresh J Thakkar 87% (22 ratings)
Ayurveda, Ahmedabad
Benign Liver Tumor - Treatment In Ayurveda!

A benign liver tumour refers to the abnormal growth of cells inside the liver or outside of it. There are three types of such tumours but in most of the cases, the tumour is non-cancerous in nature and does not cause any harm to the individual. However, in some cases the tumour causes discomfort to the individual in the form of symptoms such as pain in the abdomen, swelling in the stomach, weight loss, weakness, nausea, and liver inflammation. This can be troublesome for the patient and it is also an indication that the tumor may turn cancerous in future. So, timely treatment is necessary and Ayurveda offers a “side-effects free” and holistic treatment procedure for the condition.

Ayurveda Treatment For Benign Liver Tumors
Ayurveda is a complete science based on a centuries-old knowledge that treats the disease by tackling the root cause but in case of a benign liver tumor, there is no exact cause that can be controlled or rectified. Tumours are abnormal growth of liver cells. So, the growth has to be eliminated and checked and Ayurveda does so with the help of herbal medicines. The Ayurvedic medicines used for the treatment of benign liver tumour are loaded with healing properties that check the growth of tumours, dissolve them, and enhance the immunity of the body so that it can fight the symptoms of the liver tumour.

Effects of Ayurveda
The ayurvedic medicines are gentle to the body and do not harm the liver or any other organ. These medicines possess strong anti-cancer properties and it restricts the abnormal growth of the cells but it is not detrimental to the body in any way. Also, they protect the normal cells after a patient has undergone chemotherapy for cancer. There are medicines that are loaded with antioxidants that repair the damage done to the liver by tumour. All the Ayurvedic medicines prescribed in benign tumour work to check the growth of the tumour and melt the tumour, helping the patient avoid surgery and harsh allopathic medications.

Ayurveda Results
Ayurveda is a holistic and lasting treatment option for individuals suffering from a benign liver tumour. It treats the patient in an organic manner and this is why there is a lot of emphasis on diet. In case of a liver tumour, the patient is asked to keep away from heavy food as well as alcohol. Ayurveda is not about quick solutions but a permanent remedy that cures the tumour completely and also ensures no relapse after the treatment. Nevertheless, it is in the interest of the patient that they begin the Ayurveda treatment as soon as they are diagnosed with the condition. The earlier the treatment begins, the easier it is for the patient to heal. Also, the treatment duration becomes shorter.

Ayurveda is really a favourable treatment option for patients suffering from a benign liver tumour. It removes the tumour in a natural way without harming the liver. The medicines are effective in all kinds of tumor and cure the individual completely after the course of medication is over.

In case you have a concern or query, you can always consult an ayurvedic doctor for proper line of treatment.

6292 people found this helpful

Liver Cirrhosis - Things You Must Know!

Dr. Ajay Choksey 90% (192 ratings)
MD-General Medicine, D.M, Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Gastroenterologist, Ahmedabad
Liver Cirrhosis - Things You Must Know!

The term cirrhosis refers to liver scarring due to various diseases and conditions such as chronic alcoholism and hepatitis. Each time the liver gets injured, it tries to repair itself, resulting in the formation of the scar tissue. With the progression of cirrhosis, a number of tissues generate making the task of liver difficult. Since the liver is an important organ of the body due to its functionalities such as detoxification and nutrient generation, reduced function of liver poses a serious threat to the body.

Symptoms of liver cirrhosis:
Unfortunately, cirrhosis doesn’t portray any conspicuous symptoms that can be easily identified until the scarring has reached a level of threat. Some of the common signs and symptoms of this disease include fatigue, nausea, itchy skin, drowsiness, enlarged breasts, testicular atrophy, fluid in the abdomen, bleeding from the mouth, leg swelling, redness in palms etc.

Causes of liver cirrhosis:
There could be an array of reasons for the occurrence of liver cirrhosis. The major causes include an accumulation of fat in the liver, chronic alcoholism and chronic hepatitis. Some of the other reasons include cystic fibrosis, bile duct deformation, Wilson’s disease, hemochromatosis, schistosomiasis, continuous consumption of medicines such as methotrexate, a disease involving glycogen storage and Aalagille syndrome.

Complications involved in Liver Cirrhosis:

  1. Swelling of abdomen and legs: Portal hypertension can result in accumulation of fluid in the leg and the abdomen due to the liver’s inability to producing an important protein known as the albumin.
  2. Spleen enlargement: Portal hypertension is responsible for changing the shape of the spleen. Decreased count of WBC and the platelets indicate towards portal hypertension and cirrhosis.
  3. Bleeding: Liver Cirrhosis causes slow blood flow through the veins of the intestine and liver and hence increases portal pressure while actually decreasing blood pressure . Portal hypertension doesn’t let the blood flow in its normal path. It directs the blood to flow through smaller veins. The veins, in turn, swell and burst to cause a massive amount of bleeding.

Apart from these some of the other complications involve jaundice, liver cancer, infections, bone diseases and liver failure.

Liver cirrhosis doesn’t get detected easily. It is often diagnosed with a routine blood test. Some of the lab tests that can help to identify cirrhosis include blood work to check organ function of liver and kidney. Your doctor might suggest other tests such as MRI scan, CT scan or liver biopsy.

Treatment for the underlying cause of liver cirrhosis is done to keep the disease under control. A doctor might treat you for weight loss, alcohol dependency, complications related to hepatitis, portal hypertension and hepatic encephalopathy. For advanced cases where the liver stops functioning, a doctor might suggest a patient go for a liver transplant.

1917 people found this helpful

Predisposing Factors About Fatty Liver You Need To Know!

Dr. Praveen Sharma 86% (19 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
Predisposing Factors About Fatty Liver You Need To Know!

Fatty liver is a condition where excess fat is deposited on this organ. Also called as steatosis, this condition happens when more than 5- 10 percent of the weight of the liver is made up of fat.

Fatty liver is a common condition among people. A study from coastal regions of India found ~ 25% of healthy persons had patients had fatty liver on ultrasound.

It can occur at all ages including childhood, highest prevalence is in 40–50 year age group. Prevalence more in patient who are obese and in diabetic patients.

Types of Fatty Liver

1 Alcoholic fatty liver: This condition occurs when there is a heavy consumption of alcohol. Gastroenterologists recommend abstention from alcohol for this condition to subside. If the patient continues to consume alcohol, then liver cirrhosis may develop.

2 Non alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL): One may develop a fatty liver even if one is not an alcoholic. The liver in some cases is unable to process the fat in cells causing them to build-up on the organ.

When more than 10% of the liver is made of fat then this condition is called Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver (NAFL).

Non alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH): When fatty liver is associated with inflammation in liver patient is said to be having Non alcoholic steatohepatitis. NASH is a more advanced stage of NAFLD, and has a higher risk of progressing to liver cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). These condition display symptoms like jaundice, vomiting, nausea, loss of appetite and abdominal pain. Blood test (LFT) shows raised enzymes level. Approx 5-8% of the Indian population has NASH. Consult a doctor if you are experiencing any of these symptoms.

3 Fatty liver during pregnancy: Occurring mainly in the third trimester, the symptoms of this condition are vomiting, nausea, pain the right part of the abdomen and jaundice.


During the early stages (fatty liver) of the disease, patients usually have no symptoms directly related to liver disease. However, people may experience a vague abdominal discomfort. If their liver is inflamed (NASH) then they may display symptoms of poor appetite, weight loss, pain in the abdomen and disorientation.

What causes fatty liver?

The most common cause of fatty liver is alcoholism. When the human liver is unable to metabolize fat fast enough or when there is an excess accumulation of fat on the liver cells then the liver becomes fatty. However, intake of high-fat foods may not result in a fatty liver.

Predisposing factor:

1 Diabetes mellitus

2 Obesity or being overweight

3 Hyperlipidemia or the condition where there are high levels of fat in the blood

4 Genetic reasons

5 Rapid loss of weight

6 Drugs: Aspirin, steroids, tamoxifen, tetracycline etc. cause side effects which also leads to fatty liver

7 Nutritional status (eg, overnutrition, severe malnutrition, total parenteral nutrition [TPN], or starvation diet)

8 Other health problems (eg, Hepatitis C infection, celiac sprue and Wilson disease)

2650 people found this helpful

Ayurvedic Remedies For Hepatitis C!

Dr. Venkatesh Bhardwaj 92% (10 ratings)
BAMS, MS - Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Hyderabad
Ayurvedic Remedies For Hepatitis C!

Hepatitis C is a liver infection caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) and it can spread from one person to another through infected blood. In the initial stages, the symptoms of the disease are very mild and therefore, the infection goes undetected most of the time but when the symptoms turn serious, they need to be treated as turning a blind eye could prove dangerous. It can lead to liver cirrhosis and even liver failure. So, specific symptoms such as dark urine, fever, weight loss, fatigue, and pain in the abdomen should not be ignored and one must go for diagnosis. If hepatitis C is detected, the treatment should be started immediately and if one takes recourse to Ayurveda, then he or she can be sure of a “side-effects free” treatment.

Ayurvedic medicines help balance pitta
Ayurveda supposes that any liver disease or liver infection is caused by pitta vitiation because this life energy governs the liver. It is believed that when pitta becomes aggravated, it affects the functioning of the liver. The liver becomes inflamed and is unable to remove the poisonous substances from the body, leading to a buildup of toxins. So, Ayurveda deals with the aggravated pitta at first. It prescribes medicines and foods that calm the pitta. For example, medicines such as katuki, kalmegha, haritaki, and guduchi eliminate the excess pitta from the body. The Ayurvedic therapies such as abhyanga and panda sveda also aim at removing the pitta and toxins from the body.



Ayurveda heals the liver
In hepatitis C, the liver is affected by the infection. It undergoes swelling and scarring. So, the Ayurvedic medicines try to repair this damage done to the liver walls. The herbal medicines prescribed by the Ayurvedic doctor such as punarnava and bhumi amla have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that relax the inflamed liver walls. They also repair the damaged tissues and restore the liver to its normal state. Light food items such as oats, barley, and fruits get digested easily and do not put strain any strain on the liver. They are highly conducive to the recuperating body and during the treatment procedure, enhance the efficacy of the medicines

Ayurvedic treatment boosts immunity
Hepatitis C, being an infectious disease, directly impacts the immune system of the body. So, Ayurvedic treatment also focuses on strengthening the immunity of the patient. An easily digestible diet and medicines such as turmeric, bhringaraj, and bhumyalaki work at restoring immunity. The therapies also give the immunity a boost and when this happens, the body can fight the infection more effectively.

So, Ayurveda uses a multi-pronged treatment strategy for hepatitis C, which proves helpful in treating the infection from the roots. It works at different levels because the motive is to provide permanent relief and not temporary comfort. This is why, diet restrictions, lifestyle regulation, and abstinence are given so much importance. Ayurveda is a holistic science that cures any disease by dealing with all the problem areas. This is why, in case of hepatitis C, the patient not just gets relief from the symptoms but their liver also recovers to its original healthy state.



Acute Liver Failure - Is Liver Transplant The Best Option?

Dr. Rajiv Lochan 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, FRCS (edinburgh), MD - R & D, FRCS Intercollegiate
Liver Transplant Surgeon, Bangalore
Acute Liver Failure - Is Liver Transplant The Best Option?

The liver plays an important role in the digestion process and filtration of toxins from the body. In rare cases, a person with no history of liver problems may suddenly begin to show symptoms of decreased liver functioning. If this deteriorates quickly over a few days or weeks, it is known as acute liver failure. This condition is also known as fulminant hepatic failure. If left untreated, it can cause a number of fatal complications including excessive pressure on the brain and uncontrollable bleeding.

Treatment for acute liver failure depends on the factors triggering the condition.

  • If it is caused by an overdose of certain medication, the condition can be reversed. In such cases, medication is the first form of treatment. Similarly, acute liver failure caused by poisoning may also be reversed with medication. These medications help control and reverse the effect of the toxins and thus reduce liver damage. Acute viral hepatitis is the commonest cause of acute liver failure in India.
  • If the condition cannot be reversed, a liver transplant may be the only available form of treatment. This surgery is considered a relatively safe procedure and has proved to be very effective in treating acute liver failure.
  • A liver transplant involves removing the damaged liver and replacing it with a healthy liver from a cadaver donor or part of a healthy liver from a living donor. Earlier it was only children who could be treated by transplanting a part of liver donated by a living family member. But in the recent years, there are many patients that are being treated by the same procedure.
  • By receiving a liver transplant from a living donor, patients do not have to be placed on the waitlist for a liver and thus have a higher survival rate. To be a living donor, the person must have the same blood type as the patient, must be healthy enough to undergo surgery and must have a liver that is large enough to be divided into two parts.

A liver transplant procedure is performed while the patient is under general anaesthesia. Hospitalization is required after the procedure for the doctor to see that the incision is healing properly and to ensure that the body does not reject the transplanted liver. To reduce chances of a rejection, the patient is given medication to suppress the immune system. Hence, it is very important for the patients to stay in a hygienic environment and reduce their exposure to infections.

3073 people found this helpful

Which Category of Patients Need A Liver Transplant?

Dr. Rajiv Lochan 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, FRCS (edinburgh), MD - R & D, FRCS Intercollegiate
Liver Transplant Surgeon, Bangalore
Which Category of Patients Need A Liver Transplant?

A liver is the largest organ in the human body, weighing about 1.5 kg and has a significant role in terms of digestion and metabolism. It also helps remove toxins and fight infections. Therefore, when a liver fails, the overall health of an individual is significantly affected. Often a liver transplant is required where the affected liver is removed and a new liver from a donor, either living or deceased, is placed and sutured in place. The success rate, if done early and well, can be close to 80% at three years. Over a period of time, this new liver gets accepted by the body to perform various functions that were done by the original liver.

The people affected by the following diseases could benefit significantly from a liver transplant.

  • Chronic liver failure: This is not easily identifiable and the condition develops over a period of time, usually over years. Chronic liver failure is produced by many conditions, the most common being cirrhosis. Due to chronic alcohol abuse, the liver tissue undergoes scarring. This scarred tissue replaces the normal liver tissue and the liver functions are affected. This leads to poor metabolism, indigestion, toxin accumulation, etc. The most typical symptoms include accumulation of fluid in the abdomen and black, tarry stools. Once diagnosed, evaluation is done to find out the MELD score. This determines the severity of cirrhosis and overall prognosis. For most cases of severe cirrhosis, transplant is almost a definitive treatment with 3-year survival rates of close to 75%.
  • Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH): People who are not alcohol abusers, but have a fatty accumulation within the liver, often face a liver failure. This again can require a liver transplant.
  • Biliary conditions: The bile ducts transport the bile that is produced in the liver to the stomach. If these are not functioning properly, either due to cirrhosis, blockage, or improper development, then a liver transplant may be required. This is often done in younger patients, less than 15 years old.
  • Congenital conditions like hemochromatosis and Wilson’s disease: These are genetic conditions, often identified in children, and require a transplant at a young age. A full liver transplant may not be required in these cases.
  • Acute liver failure: This is often a side effect of medications and can onset within a few weeks. This can necessitate a liver transplant as in most of the cases, the patients are young.




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