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Liver Disease Tips

Fatty Liver - How To Avoid It?

Fatty Liver - How To Avoid It?

The liver is the second largest organ in the human body. Everything that is consumed goes through the liver and gets metabolized. Generally, the liver consists of fat accumulation, in the range of 2%, but when it reaches close to 10%, the condition is termed as fatty liver. Progression of fatty liver can lead to cirrhosis and eventually liver failure. The liver has an amazing ability to regenerate itself if a part of it is damaged. 

However, if the damage is cumulative, then the repair becomes difficult. Another point to note is that the liver can be resected in parts to ensure that the non-affected liver continues to be available to take care of the metabolism.

Causes: There are two main types of fatty liver:

  • Alcoholic fatty liver: This is the most common type and is seen in heavy drinkers.
  • Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH): The causes for this type are not clear, but obesity, diabetes and hyperlipidemia are some causes for NASH.

Symptoms:

Fatty liver develops over years, and the symptoms are both vague and appear randomly. These can be attributed to any general illness, and so diagnosis is often delayed.

  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Jaundice
  • Loss of appetite
  • General malaise
  • Dull pain in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen
  • Overall physical weakness
  • Ascites or fluid accumulation in the abdomen
  • Increased tendency to bleed
  • Abnormal liver enzyme levels

Diagnosis:

If suspected of fatty liver, the following are done to confirm the diagnosis.

1. Blood tests to check for liver enzyme levels.
2. Imaging studies including x-ray, CT and/or MRI scan
3. Biopsy to confirm the diagnosis

Treatment:

Fatty liver is a completely reversible condition. If a person with alcoholic fatty liver quits drinking for about 8 to 10 weeks, the damage can be totally reversed.

  • If there is no history of alcoholism but obesity, then switching to a non-fatty diet with lots of fresh fruits and vegetables, multigrain, dairy products, etc. can help in controlling fat accumulation and use the stored fat. Increasing the levels of physical activity also helps in burning stored fat.
  • As noted, the liver is capable of self-repair and self-regeneration, so if further triggers are stopped, it can heal itself.
  • If fatty liver is not controlled, it can develop into cirrhosis and liver failure. If it reaches liver failure, then survival rates and prognosis look very gloomy.

Prevention:

Fatty liver disease can be prevented by controlling alcohol intake, adopting a healthy lifestyle, eating non-fatty and non-sugary products, and maintaining an active and healthy lifestyle.

Monitor health periodically to check on liver function, diabetes, and cholesterol levels.

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How To Treat Fatty Liver With The Help Of Ayurveda?

How To Treat Fatty Liver With The Help Of Ayurveda?

Excess fat cells in the human body can settle under the skin and cause obesity, Additionally, they may even settle in specific organs and liver is one of them. When fat starts accumulating in the liver, a condition known as fatty liver manifests itself.
There are two types of fatty liver disease such as alcoholic and non-alcoholic. As the name suggests, the former is triggered by excessive alcohol consumption, whereas the latter takes place due to other reasons. While non-alcoholic fatty liver disease interferes with the normal functioning of the liver, alcoholic fatty liver disease has specific symptoms such as jaundice, fever, spider veins, and increase white blood cells (WBCs) count.

In the world of Ayurveda, the liver is a pitta organ, which is absolutely essential for normal digestion and elimination. Therefore, the pitta dosha should always be in balance so that toxins are eliminated by the liver from the body. A liver disease results when the pitta is aggravated, which can be treated with the help of lifestyle and dietary modifications, in addition to Ayurvedic remedies.

The following are some of the Ayurvedic tips and guidelines that can support liver healing and reduce the symptoms of fatty liver:

  1. Avoid fatty and fried foods as these can further aggravate pitta and heating and overstimulating.
  2. Incorporate cool and non-acidic food items such as berries, pears, mangoes, and melons into your diet.
  3. Eat a combination of steamed vegetable and whole grains such as quinoa.
  4. Incorporate ghee into your diet.
  5. Consume aloe juice in moderate quantities as it is cooling.
  6. Regularly consume a mixture of 2 grams of long pepper powder and 1 teaspoon honey once a day for complete 1 month.
  7. Consume a decoction of giloy (Tinospora cordifolia), 30 ml, mixed with a teaspoon of honey once a day.
  8. Drink plenty of water to cool the body down and eliminate toxins.
  9. Consume 10 to 20 ml of bhumi amla juice.
  10. Take 1 to 3 grams of kakuti powder twice a day with water after meals.
  11. Use as much garlic as you can while preparing food at home. You can take 2 to 3 cloves of garlic on an empty stomach in the morning for a few days for relief.

 

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Liver Abscess - Causes & Treatments Available For It!

Liver Abscess - Causes & Treatments Available For It!

A pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) is a condition where pus collects in the liver in the form of a pocket as a result of bacterial infection. Pus formation occurs when the body tries to fight off any infection. The pus is basically a fluid-like substance that comprises dead cells as well as white blood cells. During PLA, the pus accumulates inside the liver pocket instead of draining off from the site of infection.

Those suffering from pyogenic liver abscess are likely to suffer from conditions such as inflammation and swelling. Patients may also suffer from pain experienced in the abdominal area. If the disease is left untreated, it can prove to be fatal.

Causes

Pyogenic Liver Abscess can occur because of the biliary disorder. The biliary disease is an umbrella term for a few conditions that might affect areas of the body such as the pancreas, liver and gallbladder. Certain other risks and causes include-

• Bacterial growth from an appendix that has become ruptured and has formed an abscess
Colon cancer
Pancreatic cancer
• Inflammatory diseases of the bowel tract such as perforated bowel or diverticulitis
• Septicemia or blood infection
• PLA could also have been brought about by a trauma to the liver as a result of an injury or accident.

Treatment of Pyogenic Liver Abscess

In order to come to a conclusion about the condition, the doctor will need to run a number of imaging as well as blood culture tests.

• Initially, the health care provider will aim to treat your condition with antibiotics alone. This is because antibiotics help in preventing the chances of the bacteria spreading throughout the body. As opposed to the earlier preference of surgical drainage form, nowadays, percutaneous drainage of the pus is preferred as the first line of treatment. However, if your case has reached the more severe stage then surgery will be required to remove the abscess.

• A liver abscess surgery is performed using general anaesthesia. During the surgery, the surgeon will insert a needle into the diseased liver, and place a catheter to remove the pus. After the surgery, you will be prescribed antibiotics for a number of weeks in order to completely remove the infection that has spread to your body.

The antibiotic course occurs in two phases-

• Intravenous - The intravenous course of antibiotics helps in the healing process in the earlier stages.
• Oral - this can extend for several weeks.

Pyogenic Liver Abscess if left untreated can turn fatal for the person suffering from it. You should immediately seek out medical help if you notice symptoms of PLA such as vomiting, dark-coloured urine, diarrhoea, chills, rapid weight loss and fever. A prompt treatment is important for quick healing.

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शराब से होने वाले रोग - Sharab Se Hone Waale Rog!

शराब से होने वाले रोग - Sharab Se Hone Waale Rog!

शराब के सेवन से होने वाली समस्याओं और बिमारियों से हम सभी लगभग परिचित हैं. कई बार हमलोग अपने आसपास देखते हैं कि लोग शाब पीकर अपने घर परिवार के लोगों को काफी परेशान करते हैं. इस्तना ही नहीं कुछ लोग तो अपने पड़ोसियों से भी बदतमीजी से पेश आने लगते हैं. कई बार तो शराब पीने के कारण लड़ाइयाँ भी हो जाति हैं. कई लोग शराब पीकर सड़कों पर या नालियों में भी गीर पड़ते हैं. ये तो शराब पीने के प्रत्यक्ष नुकसान हैं जो कि तुरंत सामने दिख जात अहै. लेकिन शराब के सेवन से हमारे शरीर पर भी बहुत दुष्प्रभाव पड़ता है जिसका असर कुछ दिनों बाद दिखना शुरू होता है. लेकिन यदि आपने इसपर गौर नहीं क्या या शराब पीना नहीं छोड़ा तो मौत तक हो सकती है.

अगर सभी लोग, जो अल्कोहल का सेवन करते हैं वो एक दिन में एक ड्रिंक सीमित कर लें तो शायद किसी कार्डियोलॉजिस्ट, लिवर विशेषज्ञ और शराब का सेवन न करने की सलाह देने वालों की आवश्यकता नहीं होती. लेकिन जो कोई भी शराब पीता है, वह सिर्फ एक ड्रिंक पर ही रुक जाये ऐसा बहुत ही कम होता है. और गहरायी से देखा जाये तो अधिक मात्रा में शराब पीने से शरीर का बहुत नुकसान होता है. इससे लिवर सिरोसिस, लिवर में जलन और सूजन आदि समस्याएं पैदा हो सकती हैं, जो घातक बीमारियां होती हैं. अधिक अल्कोहल के सेवन से हाई बीपी की समस्या और हृदय मांसपेशियों को नुकसान पहुंच सकता है. इसके कारण मुंह के कैंसर, ग्रसनी, कंठनली, इसोफेगस, स्तन कैंसर और कोलोरेक्टल कैंसर होने का खतरा बढ़ता है. आइए शराब पीने के कारण उत्पन्न होने वाली समस्याओं को जानें.

लिवर, स्‍तन और गले का कैंसर होने की संभावना-

शराब में कैंसर पैदा करने वाले गुण होते हैं. स्‍टडीज़ में पाया गया है कि सीधे तौर पर कैंसर का खतरा पैदा करता है. आप इसको नियमित रूप से पियें या कभी कभार, यह सिर और गले, लिवर, स्तन और कोलोरेक्टल आदि कैंसर को बढ़ावा देती है.

शरीर में विटामिन बी-12 कम बनेगा-
B12 तंत्रिकाओं और रक्त कोशिकाओं को स्‍वस्‍थ रखने का काम करता है. यह ब्रेन, स्पाइनल कॉर्ड और न‌र्व्स के कुछ तत्वों की रचना में भी सहायक होता है. शराब B12 के लेवल को घटा देती है और उसका कम निर्माण करती है. इससे पुरुषों में इन्फर्टिलिटी या सेक्सुअल डिस्फंक्शन की भी समस्या हो सकती है.

कैल्‍शियम और विटामिन-डी के अवशोषण में बाधा0-
शराब पीने से हमारी आंत कमजोर हो जाती है जिससे वह कैल्‍शियम और विटामिन डी अवशोषित नहीं कर पाता. इन जरुरी मिनरल्‍स की कमी की वजह से हड्डियों पर बड़ा ही बुरा असर पड़ता है. लिवर डैमेज इसको ज्‍यादा पीने से सिरोसिस हो जाता है जिससे लिवर में घाव हो जाता है और वह ठीक से काम नहीं कर पाता. इससे इंसान की मृत्‍यु भी हो सकती है.

अवसाद-
शराब दिमाग से निकलने वाले हार्मोन का लेवल कम कर देती है. यही वही हार्मोन होता है जो हमें अच्‍छा महसूस करवाता है. शराब कुछ देर के लिये तो मूड को बेहतर बनाती है लेकिन बाद में यह हमें अवसाद के घेरे में ढकेल देती है.

दिमागी कमजोरी-
ज्यादा दिन तक लगातार शराब पीते रहने से दिमाग सोंचने-समझने तथा निर्णय लेने की क्षमता खो बैठता है. इसके अलावा डिमेंशिया नामक बीमारी हो जाती है जिसमें व्‍यक्‍ति अपनी याद्दाश्त धीरे-धीरे नष्ट होना शुरू हो जाता है.

नपुंसकता का खतरा-
अधिक मात्रा में शराब का सेवन वीर्य को नुकसान पहुंचाता है. इससे वीर्य की क्‍वालिटी घट जाती है. साथ ही इससे हार्मोन का संतुलन भी बिगड़ जाता है , जिससे शुक्राणुओं पर बुरा असर पड़ता है. इसके परिणामस्वरूप व्यक्ति नपुंसक भी हो सकता है.

हृदय रोग-
रिसर्च के माध्‍यम से पता चला है कि ज्‍यादा शराब के सेवन से दिल की मासपेशियां कमजोर पड़ने लगती हैं, जिससे हृदय तक पहुंचने वाला रक्‍त सही गति से उस तक नहीं पहुंच पाता. इसके आलावा इससे हार्ट अटैक, स्‍ट्रोक और हाई बीपी भी हो सकता है.
 

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फैटी लिवर के घरेलू उपचार - Fatty Liver Ke Gharelu Upchar!

फैटी लिवर के घरेलू उपचार - Fatty Liver Ke Gharelu Upchar!

लिवर, हमारे शरीर के प्रमुख आतंरिक अंगों में से एक है. असल में देखा जाए तो यह एक ग्रंथि है जिसे आप शरीर की सबसे बड़ी ग्रंथि कह सकते हैं. हलांकि इसकी गिनती सबसे बड़े अंगों में भी की जाती है. लिवर पित्त का निर्माण करता है, जो फैट को टूटने में मदद करता है. यह ब्लड को फ़िल्टर करने में भी सहायता करता है. लिवर में सामान्य रूप से कुछ फैट ज़रूर होता है, लेकिन कभी-कभी लिवर की कोशिकाओं में फैट की संख्या बढ़ने लगती है. यह एक गंभीर बिमारी होता है जिसे सामान्य तौर पर फैटी लिवर के नाम से जाना जाता है. फैटी लिवर डिसऑर्डर मुख्य रूप से दो प्रकार के होते हैं - एल्कोहल फैटी लिवर और नॉन-एल्कोहल फैटी लिवर. फैटी लिवर के मुख्य कारणों में खराब आहार के साथ साथ रोजाना और सिमित मात्रा में ज्यादा शराब पीना, मोटापा आदि शामिल हैं. यह बीमारी जेनेटिक (पारिवारिक) भी हो सकती है. विशेष रूप से फैटी लिवर की शुरूआत के दौरान इसके लक्षणों को अनुभव नहीं किया जाता है. लेकिन जब यह गंभीर होने लगता है, तब इसके लक्षण धीरे-धीरे अनुभव होने लगते हैं. इसमें कुछ लोगों के लक्षण एकदम साफ दिखाई देने लगता हैं तो वहीँ कुछ लोगों में यह लक्षण केवल सांकेतिक होता है. आइए इस लेख के माध्यम से हम फैटी लिवर के ट्रीटमेंट के बारे में जानते हैं.

फैटी लीवर की तीन अवस्थाएं-

पहली अवस्था: - फैटी लीवर की पहली अवस्था में अनावश्यक थकान, वजन घटना और पाचन संबंधी गडबडियां आमतौर पर देखने को मिलती हैं.

दूसरी अवस्था: - इस बीमारी की दूसरी अवस्था में चक्कर और उल्टियां आना, भोजन में अरुचि और बुखार जैसे लक्षण आमतौर पर देखने को देखने को मिलते हैं.

तीसरी अवस्था: - तीसरी और अंतिम अवस्था में उल्टियों के साथ खून आना, बेहोशी और मामूली सी चोट लगने पर ब्लीडिंग का न रुकना जैसे लक्षण देखने को मिलते हैं. इसमें दवाओं का कोई असर नहीं होता है और ट्रांस्प्लांट ही इसका एकमात्र उपचार है.

फैटी लिवर के घरेलू उपचार:
1. नींबू सौंठ और मिश्री की सहायता से-
एक कागजी निम्बू जो कि अच्छा पका हुआ हो उसके दो टुकड़े कर लें. इसके बाद उसमें से बीज को निकालकर आधे निम्बू को बिना काटे चार भागों में बाँट लें लेकिन ध्यान रहे कि टुकड़े अलग- अलग न होने पाएं. अब इसके एक भाग में काली मिर्च का बारीक पीसा हुआ चूर्ण, दूसरे में काला नमक अथवा सेंधा नमक जो भी उपलब्ध हो, तीसरे में सोंठ का चूर्ण और चौथे में मिश्री का चूर्ण या शक्कर भर कर रात को प्लेट में ढककर रख दें. सुबह में भोजन करने से एक घंटे पहले इस निम्बू की फांक को मंदी आंच या तवे पर गर्म करके चूस लें.

2. प्याज दूर करे लीवर फैटी लीवर-
प्याज आमतौर पर कई रोगों में आयुर्वेदिक औषधि के रूप में इस्तेमाल किया जाता रहा है. इसका इस्तेमाल हम लीवर फैटी लीवर के उयपचार में भी कर सकते हैं. इसके लिए आपको बस इतना करना है कि दिन में दो बार प्याज खाते रहें. ऐसा करने से लाभ होगा.

3. छाछ आयुर्वेदिक उपचार है लीवर फैटी लीवर का-
छाछ को हमलोग वैसे भी पेट के छोटे मोटे बीमारियों में इस्तेमाल कराते रहे हैं. लीवर के लिए ये बेहद फायदेमंद है. लीवर फैटी लीवर में छाछ जिसमें हींग का बगार देकर, जीरा काली मिर्च और नमक मिला हु हो दोपहर के भोजन के बाद सेवन करने से बहुत लाभ मिलता है.

4. आंवलों का रस-
आंवलों का रस 25 ग्राम या सूखे आंवलों का चूर्ण चार ग्राम पानी के साथ, दिन में तीन बार सेवन करने से पंद्रह से बीस दिन में यकृत के सारे दोष दूर हो जाते है. यही नहीं आंवले का सेवन आपको कई अन्य अतिरिक्त लाभ भी प्रदान करता है.

5. नींबू पानी के उपयोग से-
नींबू का खट्टा स्वाद पेट की कई समस्याओं का प्रभावी निदान प्रस्तुत करता है. इसके लिए आपको एक सौ ग्राम पानी में आधा निम्बू निचोड़कर नमक डालें (चीनी मत डाले) और इसे दिन में तीन बार पीने से जिगर की खराबी ठीक होती हैं.

6. जामुन की सहयाता से-
जामुन का कसैला स्वाद भी कई औषधीय कामों में इसेमल हो जाता है. जामुन के मौसम में 200-300 ग्राम बढ़िया और पके हुए जामुन प्रतिदिन खाली पेट खाने से जिगर की खराबी दूर हो जाती है. लीवर फैटी लीवर में भी इसका इस्तेमाल फलदायक सिद्ध होता है.

25 people found this helpful

Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) - How To Manage It?

Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) - How To Manage It?

In healthy individuals, the liver contains little or no fat. In overweight or obese people, gradual fat accumulation leads to significant liver disease. Interestingly, these individuals may be consuming minimal to no alcohol. So, alcohol, which is the main cause of liver damage, does not have a significant role to play.

The non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has 4 significant stages as outlined below. It is a chronically progressive disease and may take years to reach the final stages of cirrhosis and fibrosis.

1. Simple fatty liver (steatosis): This is usually identified when diagnostic tests are done for some other suspected conditions. There are usually no symptoms obvious in this stage, other than the buildup of fat in the liver.

2. Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH): The second stage where the liver is inflaming to a greater extent due to fat accumulation.

3. Fibrosis: The next degree of inflammation where blood vessels may be narrowed leading to scarring in the liver with impaired liver functions.

4. Cirrhosis: This is the most severe stage that occurs due to years of cumulative inflammation. The liver shrinks in size is scarred, and liver functions are markedly impaired and can also result in liver cancer.

Risk factors for NAFLD:

The exact reason why a person develops NAFLD is not established, but some of the risk factors include

1. Obesity, with more weight concentrated around the abdomen

2. Type 2 diabetes

3. High blood pressure

4. High cholesterol levels

5. Age greater than 50

6. Smoking

Symptoms: This will depend on the stage in which it is identified. While there are no symptoms in the early stages, in some people there could be dull, aching below the ribs, unexplained weight loss, weakness, and extreme tiredness. As it progresses to cirrhosis, there could be jaundice, fluid accumulation in the abdomen and feet, and itching of the skin.

Management:

While there is no treatment aimed at curing the disease per se, there are ways to manage the symptoms, as noted below.

1. Weight loss: Reducing excess accumulated fat will help reverse symptoms and prevent further progression of the disease. A BMI of 18 to 26 is considered optimal.

2. Dietary changes: Modify your diet to carbohydrates and protein-rich and reduced fats and sugars. Increasing fibre through fruits and vegetables is highly recommended.

3. Exercise: Whatever your choice of workout, it will do wonders for NAFLD. Keep a target of an hour or two of moderate to intense exercise per day to reduce weight.

4. Smoking: This is another risk factor and can also help prevent other effects of NAFLD such as diabetes and heart disease.

NAFLD is highly controllable with these changes and other damages can be reversed too.

3333 people found this helpful

10 Important Facts About Paediatric Liver Transplants!

10 Important Facts About Paediatric Liver Transplants!

Being told that your child needs a liver transplant may be scary but the truth is that this surgery has a very high success rate. Most children who have had a liver transplant lead long, healthy lives. Here are 10 facts you should know about pediatric liver transplants.



Fact 1 - Liver transplant is usually the last resort.
Doctors advise a liver transplant only when medication and other types of therapies fail to provide desired results. Hence, do not ignore the doctor’s advice if they say the child needs a transplant.

Fact 2 - A liver biopsy may be needed before a liver transplant
Not every child is a viable candidate for a liver transplant. Hence, a biopsy is usually conducted to check the child’s candidacy for the transplant.

Fact 3 - Children are scored along the MELD and PELD system to determine the urgency of a transplant
This stands for the Model for Endstage Liver Disease (MELD) scoring system and Pediatric End-stage Liver Disease (PELD) scoring system. The higher the score, the more urgent the need for a transplant.

Facts 4 - It may take a while for a donor liver to become available
Most donor livers come from recently deceased persons. Depending on the urgency of the child’s condition, the child will be placed on the waiting list for a donor liver. This can take anywhere from a few days to a few months.

Fact 5 - The only part of a healthy liver is transplanted to the child.
In the case of children, only part of the liver is transplanted as their liver has not yet reached its full size. Often a healthy liver will be partially transplanted to a child and partially transplanted to an adult.

Fact 6 - The child’s family members can donate part of their liver for a child’s liver transplant.
Family members with the same blood type can donate part of their liver to the child.

Fact 7 - Liver transplant surgery is performed under general anaesthesia.
This surgery is performed while the child is under general anaesthesia and hence he or she will not feel anything during the procedure.

Fact 8 - Your child may have to be hospitalized for a few weeks post-surgery
Children are usually hospitalized for a few weeks after the surgery so that the doctor can keep an eye on how the body is reacting to the new organ.

Fact 9 - There is a chance your child’s body may reject the donor organ
In some cases, the child’s body identifies the transplanted organ as an antibody and rejects it. Medication can help reduce the risk of this happening.

Fact 10 - Regular check-ups are needed after a transplant
Check-ups are required to check for any complications that may arise post-surgery. Eventually, this is needed only once or twice in the year.

3667 people found this helpful

Fatty Liver - All You Should Know About It!

Fatty Liver - All You Should Know About It!

Fatty liver is a condition where excess fat is deposited on this organ. Also called as steatosis, this condition happens when more than 5- 10 percent of the weight of the liver is made up of fat.

Fatty liver is a common condition among people. A study from coastal regions of India found ~ 25% of healthy persons had patients had fatty liver on ultrasound.

It can occur at all ages including childhood, highest prevalence is in 40–50 year age group. Prevalence more in patient who are obese and in diabetic patients.

Types of Fatty Liver

1 Alcoholic fatty liver: This condition occurs when there is a heavy consumption of alcohol. Gastroenterologists recommend abstention from alcohol for this condition to subside. If the patient continues to consume alcohol, then liver cirrhosis may develop.

Non alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL): One may develop a fatty liver even if one is not an alcoholic. The liver in some cases is unable to process the fat in cells causing them to build-up on the organ.

When more than 10% of the liver is made of fat then this condition is called Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver (NAFL).

Non alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH): When fatty liver is associated with inflammation in liver patient is said to be having Non alcoholic steatohepatitis. NASH is a more advanced stage of NAFLD, and has a higher risk of progressing to liver cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). These condition display symptoms like jaundicevomitingnausealoss of appetite and abdominal pain. Blood test (LFT) shows raised enzymes level. Approx 5-8% of the Indian population has NASH. Consult a doctor if you are experiencing any of these symptoms.

3 Fatty liver during pregnancy: Occurring mainly in the third trimester, the symptoms of this condition are vomiting, nausea, pain the right part of the abdomen and jaundice.

Symptoms

During the early stages (fatty liver) of the disease, patients usually have no symptoms directly related to liver disease. However, people may experience a vague abdominal discomfort. If their liver is inflamed (NASH) then they may display symptoms of poor appetite, weight loss, pain in the abdomen and disorientation.

What causes fatty liver?

The most common cause of fatty liver is alcoholism. When the human liver is unable to metabolize fat fast enough or when there is an excess accumulation of fat on the liver cells then the liver becomes fatty. However, intake of high-fat foods may not result in a fatty liver.

Predisposing factor:

Diabetes mellitus

Obesity or being overweight

3 Hyperlipidemia or the condition where there are high levels of fat in the blood

4 Genetic reasons

5 Rapid loss of weight

6 Drugs: Aspirin, steroids, tamoxifen, tetracycline etc. cause side effects which also leads to fatty liver

7 Nutritional status (eg, overnutrition, severe malnutrition, total parenteral nutrition [TPN], or starvation diet)

8 Other health problems (eg, Hepatitis C infectionceliac sprue and Wilson disease

4103 people found this helpful

Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) - Know More About It!

Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) - Know More About It!

In healthy individuals, the liver contains little or no fat. In overweight or obese people, gradual fat accumulation leads to significant liver disease. Interestingly, these individuals may be consuming minimal to no alcohol. So, alcohol, which is the main cause of liver damage, does not have a significant role to play.

The non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has 4 significant stages as outlined below. It is a chronically progressive disease and may take years to reach the final stages of cirrhosis and fibrosis.

1. Simple fatty liver (steatosis): This is usually identified when diagnostic tests are done for some other suspected conditions. There are usually no symptoms obvious in this stage, other than the buildup of fat in the liver.

2. Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH): The second stage where the liver is inflated to a greater extent due to fat accumulation.

3. Fibrosis: The next degree of inflammation where blood vessels may be narrowed leading to scarring in the liver with impaired liver functions.

4. Cirrhosis: This is the most severe stage that occurs due to years of cumulative inflammation. The liver shrinks in size is scarred, and liver functions are markedly impaired and can also result in liver cancer.

Risk factors for NAFLD: The exact reason why a person develops NAFLD is not established, but some of the risk factors include

1. Obesity, with more weight concentrated around the abdomen

2. Type 2 diabetes

3. High blood pressure

4. High cholesterol levels

5. Age greater than 50

6. Smoking

Symptoms: This will depend on the stage in which it is identified. While there are no symptoms in the early stages, in some people there could be dull, aching below the ribs, weaknes and extreme tiredness. Apart from these, increased acidity, bloating and headache are also some of the symptoms of it. As it progresses to cirrhosis, there could be jaundice, fluid accumulation in the abdomen and feet, and itching of the skin.

For diagnosis, USG abdomen and Fibroscan are some good options for the patients who are having symptoms.

Management: While there is no treatment aimed at curing the disease per se, there are ways to manage the symptoms, as noted below.

1. Weight loss: Reducing excess accumulated fat will help reverse symptoms and prevent further progression of the disease. A BMI of 18 to 26 is considered optimal.

2. Dietary changes: Modify your diet by including protein-rich and low carbohydrate foods. You should also have reduced fats and sugars to stay healthy.

3. Exercise: Whatever your choice of workout, it will do wonders for NAFLD. Keep a target of an hour or two of moderate to intense exercise per day to reduce weight.

4. Smoking: This is another risk factor and can also help prevent other effects of NAFLD such as diabetes and heart disease.

NAFLD is highly controllable with these changes and other damages can be reversed too.

2819 people found this helpful

Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease!

Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease!

Although in the general population, the prevalence of fatty liver is 20%, only 3% have progressed liver disease called as nash. All recent studies have shown that nash is a predictor of cardiovascular events. If you are obese, diabetic, hypertensive and have fatty liver, kindly meet your liver specialist and get evaluated for the stage of the disease.

5 people found this helpful
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