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Lactation problems Tips

World Environment Day!

Dr.Prachee Shah 90% (14ratings)
MD - Paediatrics, Lactation Consultant
Pediatrician, Ahmedabad
World Environment Day!

Breastfeeding is easy, economical and environmentally friendly.

Breast Milk And Feeding

Pediatrician, Kolkata
Breast Milk And Feeding

Breast milk is very crucial to a child even in the second year of the child. It provides approx half of the calorie requirements even upto the age of 18 months of age. So never replace breast milk with any other substitute. Thanks.

New Mom New Child Food For Both!!

Dt.Mallika Majumdar 92% (91ratings)
M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition, B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, PG Diploma in Hospital Management & Hospital Administration (PGDH&HM)
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Kolkata
New Mom New Child Food For Both!!

Breast milk is a vital food for any child. But feeding a child is the most tiring job. Most of the new moms complain about the quantity of milk, discomfort during feeding and appetite of the child. There are certain nursing ideas which can make both child and mother happy. 
How to feed the baby?

The right position of the baby. The baby should position the mother entirely; head, chest, genital, knees. Grip the baby so that the buttocks are in one hand and the head is in the bend of the elbow. Let the other hand slip under the breast with all the four fingers supporting the breast but not on the areola, the darker area around the nipple. Tickle the baby's lower lip with the nipple to get the mouth open wide. Pull the baby's body in quickly so that the mouth fixes on the areola.
There should be no pain while feeding. If the baby is sucking incorrectly, use fingers to break the suction and reposition him.

If the baby is drifting while feeding, burp him, wake him and switch sides. Feeding time varies from 20 to 30 minutes. 
Nurse on one side, if the baby is losing interest, switch side. Next time start with the side the feeding ended the time before.

In the early weeks, a baby feeds 8 to 12 times a day. Human milk is designed so that a baby needs to nurse frequently. It creates better bonding between mother and child.

If the baby is positioned right, there is no soreness of the nipple.

There are glands to provide oil to the feeding area so no chemicals or soap should be used.

Burping the baby is necessary after every feeding. Babies usually swallow air. It is most likely to happen if the baby cries during feeding. The swallowed air takes up room in the stomach, making the baby uncomfortable. If the air is not removed, it may spit some of the undigested milk. If babies slow down while eating, even though they have eaten little, they need to be burped in the middle of the meal. All babies need to be burped until 3 months of age. By 5 months, they learn how to burp themselves. 

A mother should talk to the baby, play and tickle the baby before and after feeding. This provides an affectional bond between them. This promotes the social development of the child. If the feeding situation is not pleasant, if the mother is tensed or frustrated and doesn't feel like feeding, holds the baby awkwardly or handle him roughly, the baby will associate discomfort with the mother's presence, the child will grow up as an irritable person. The child learns social development, trust, emotional development from the early days of life. 

What the new mom should eat?

If a mother is hungry, she is irritated while feeding. A mother needs more food than she was pregnant. The food should be rich in nutrients. Effect of mother's diet depends on the composition and output of milk. In addition to calories, the need for proteins, calcium, iron, vitamin a or beta carotene, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, folic acid, ascorbic acid and vitamin b12 is considerably high during lactation. The growing infant needs a sufficient amount of nutrients for the rapid growth of tissues. The infant takes all these nutrients from mother's milk.

Include a generous serving of milk, citrus fruits, green leafy vegetables and a whole grain like ragi in the diet.

Along with the increased food intake, increased fluid intake is also necessary to maintain an adequate supply of breast milk. Liquids in the form of juices, tea, milk, milk-based beverages, lemon drink, coconut water can be taken in between the meals.

Food with strong flavour may alter the taste of breast milk. Such foods should be avoided.

Alcohol and drugs enter breast milk and interfere with infant development. Such food should be restricted. 

Sufficient rest is needed. 

Encourage that the women are not emotionally disturbed during lactation. 

There are certain traditional foods which are" galactagogues. Sago, black cumin, garlic, rice, toor dal, sabja seeds, khas are some food items which increases the milk production. 

There are certain superstitions and myths associated with breastfeeding which are harmful to both mother and baby. There have to be taken care of. 
 

Hair Problems - Can Homeopathy Resolve Them?

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery), BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Ahmedabad
Hair Problems - Can Homeopathy Resolve Them?

Every other person today is exposed to various hair problems irrespective of their age or gender. Several factors including one’s diet, overall health and lifestyle, are responsible for causing hair problems. On top of that, pollution plays a major role in damaging your hair too! 

Although hair problems are a major concern for both males and females, nearly 40% of women encounter visible hair loss by age 40. The most common conditions affecting your scalp and hair include hair fall, dandruff and split ends-

Hair fall- Most people are familiar with hair fall- you are used to witnessing broken strands of hair on the towel after having a bath, or on the comb. This condition is prevalent in those who have had a genetic or family history of hair fall. Hormonal changes, traumatic events (chronic illness or surgery), any underlying medical condition such as thyroid or lupus, and certain treatment procedures like chemotherapy can lead to hair fall in due course of time. While shedding a few strands of hair is considered normal, losing large volumes of hair more often than not can lead to permanent hair loss. 

Dandruff- Dandruff is undoubtedly the most unsightly among all other conditions. It is even more embarrassing for people having dark hair. These appear as white powdered grains that cling to the roots of the hair. Dandruff often results from poor diet, poor metabolism, or dry scalp. This condition is more common in winters.

Split ends- Split ends are witnessed when the edges of your hair become brittle, dry and frayed. Exposure to extreme weather conditions can leave your hair damaged. Many people fall for hair styling techniques including blow drying, straightening and smoothening. They certainly make you look good, but frequent use of such hair styling techniques and the related chemical products damage your hair follicles. Almost everyone encounters split ends at some point in life. The only way to get rid of split ends is to trim your hair every 3-4 months. 

People need to understand that applying any kind of oil or shampoo on one’s hair would only be external applications and will not lead to nourishment internally, no matter how much they boast of doing so through their advertisements. This is where Homeopathy comes to the rescue, which would help them in internal medication. 

Role of homeopathy in curing hair problems-
Homeopathy can proficiently manage the symptoms of various hair problems including hair fall, dandruff and split ends. Homeopathic remedies are extracted from different plants, herbs and natural substances that are absolutely safe for you. This branch of medicine attempts to improve your metabolism and heal your digestive disorders, thereby promoting healthy hormones. Homeopathy medications or supplements prepared from the extracts of shellfish and oyster are rich in zinc. Consuming 30g of zinc can help in the synthesis of hair keratin. Flaxseed oil and fish oil used in homeopathy treatment are excellent sources of Omega-3 fatty acids. Omega-3 fatty acids not only prevent hair fall and breakage but also nourish your hair follicles, thereby promoting lush, healthy hair. Make sure you intake 2 capsules of these homeopathy supplements. Let's read how homeopathy works-

  1. Root Cause: No matter whether it is hairfall, dandruff or split ends, initially a patient needs to talk about the history of how all of these problems had started. The reasons could be:
    • Physical in nature, like some fever in an intermittent manner, which gets traced back to child-birth, lactational phase 
    • Patient needs to be very particular and detailed about telling the circumstances that might have led to the problems, for the homeopathic doctor to understand. 
    • Now, once the doctor gets a clear picture of the cause, he or she gives the appropriate homeopathic medicine and its dosage as per requirement.
  2. Internal Factors: Internal factors are referred to as a constitutional factor in homeopathy. A homeopath understands your internal issues and prescribe medicines accordingly. 
    • Every individual is born with certain qualities. Those qualities need to be identified and treated as per the physical and mental characteristic symptoms of the patient. 
    • It is important to ask certain questions starting from childhood to be able to identify any unknown cause that might have been the cause behind these problems. 

Homeopathy remedies and medicines thus rectify the underlying causes of hair problems. The main objective of the treatment is to eliminate the root of the problem. So, the next time you face hair problems, instead of going for hair styling treatments, opt for homeopathic intervention. 

1759 people found this helpful

Breastfeeding - How Vital Is It?

Dr.Seema Sharma 94% (248ratings)
MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Breastfeeding - How Vital Is It?

Benefits of breastfeeding 

  1. Breast milk contains the right balance of nutrients for your baby. Breast milk is easier to digest than is commercial formula.
  2. The antibodies in breast milk boost your baby's immune system. Breastfed babies get fewer colds and sinus and ear infections. They also have less diarrhea and constipation and a decreased chance of having allergies.
  3. Helps to increase the bonding with your baby
  4. Helps to reduce the risk of breast cancer in the mother
  5. No frantic runs to the store. No bottle cleanup. Many moms just roll over (especially if their baby is in a co-sleeper) and nurse in a sleepy state. Breast milk is instantly available and delivered warm.
  6. If you mostly breastfeed, you save money on formula
  7. Breast-feeding might even help you lose weight after the baby is born.

Its tough in the begining
Consider a breastfeeding class while you're pregnant. Getting baby to latch on may not feel natural. Ask for help in the hospital. Those first days, you might feel what experts call extreme tenderness and what we call pain. But once your baby is properly latched, discomfort should diminish during each nursing session and go away completely with time. Don't ignore shooting pain; a knot in the breast accompanied by soreness and redness could be a plugged milk duct, which can lead to mastitis, a nasty infection that requires antibiotics.

Start by getting comfortable. Support yourself with pillows if needed. Then cradle your baby close to your breast rather than learning forward to bring your breast to your baby. Support the baby's head with one hand and support your breast with the other hand. Tickle your baby's lower lip with your nipple to encourage your baby's mouth to open wide. Look and listen for a rhythmic sucking and swallowing pattern.

If you need to remove the baby from your breast, first release the suction by inserting your finger into the corner of your baby's mouth. If your baby consistently nurses on only one breast at a feeding during the first few weeks, pump the other breast to relieve pressure and protect your milk supply.

You're the food supply, so mother yourself

The nutrient needs of a woman are at an alltime high during breastfeeding. Keep taking prenatal vitamins, get ample calcium. By weight, 88% of breast milk is water. Breast milk volume increases from as little as 50 ml on the first day, to as much as 750 ml a day, when breastfeeding is well established. So, the most critical nutrient needed for the production of ample breastmilk to meet a suckling baby s demand, is water. Aim to drink at least 1.5- 2 litres/day.

You'll also need to learn to relax, however you can -- stress might affect letdown (the start of your milk flow). Take a warm shower, sink into a chair, and remember to breathe as you help your squirmy baby latch on.

Select wholesome food such as wholegrains, fruit, vegetables, low-fat dairy products, lean meat, fish, poultry, eggs, beans, nuts and seeds to maximise the overall nutrient quality of your diet.If you need medication (for anything from a cold to a chronic condition), check with your doctor. Most meds, but not all are fine in breast milk.

1482 people found this helpful

Breastmilk - Homeopathic Remedies For Increasing It!

Dr.Yashali Honrao 87% (82ratings)
Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery, Diploma in Clinical Counselling
Homeopathy Doctor, Nashik
Breastmilk - Homeopathic Remedies For Increasing It!

A mother’s milk is the best form of nutrition for a baby. A baby should ideally be breastfed for the first six months after birth. However, in some cases, a woman may not be able to produce enough milk to satiate the baby. This can be caused by a number of reasons such as nutritional deficiencies or infrequent feeding. This condition may be referred to as agalactia.

Homeopathy is often used to increase production of breast milk. This form of medication has negligible side effects and hence is ideal for a new mother.

Some of the most recommended homoeopathic remedies for this condition are:

  1. Pulsatilla: This is prescribed in cases where the flow of milk is completely absent or scanty. The mother may also complain of swollen breasts that are painful to touch. She may also suffer from depression and have an urge to cry frequently.
  2. Ricinus communis: This homeopathic remedy helps increase the production and flow of breast milk in nursing women. This medication is usually prescribed in a low potency for such a condition.
  3. Galega Officinalis: The name of the homeopathic remedy itself is derived from the word ‘gala’ meaning milk. In a low dosage, this medicine can be used to increase the production and flow of breast milk for nursing mothers.
  4. Ignatia: Ignatia is often prescribed to treat sensitive women who may be experiencing shock or even grief after childbirth. It also helps regulate lactation and increase the flow of breast milk. Such women often express an aversion to cold, tobacco, alcohol and strong odours.
  5. Calcarea Phosphorica: A scant production of breast milk accompanied by frequent headaches, heartburn and rheumatic pain can be treated with calcarea phosphorica. It also helps deal with shock that may be caused by childbirth. Women who benefit from this medicine often feel worse when exposed to cold or damp conditions.

Along with these homoeopathic remedies, some changes in how a baby is being fed can also help enhance the production of milk. Allow the baby to nurse for as long as required and do not time the baby’s feeding.

When the baby appears to stop feeding, switch him or her to the other breast. You could also try nursing the baby at night when your prolactin levels are higher. Prolactin is the hormone responsible for milk production. Massaging the breasts with oil can also help increase the production of breast milk.

1828 people found this helpful

Essentials To Have Before A Baby's Arrival!

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, Post Graduate Diploma in Sonography (Obstetric- Gynae), Fellowship In Assisted Reproductive Technology
Gynaecologist, Jaipur
Essentials To Have Before A Baby's Arrival!

Everyone has a different idea of what a mother and baby needs in the first few days after childbirth, but some essentials cannot be skipped out on. With that in mind, here are 10 childcare essential you may need right after the delivery.

  1. Nursing pillows: A baby may be small and seem light, but carrying them can put a strain on your arms. Since babies need to be fed very often in their first few weeks, a nursing pillow is a handy thing to have around. This allows you to comfortably support your baby while feeding them.
  2. Breast pump: Though only a mother can produce breast milk, other people can feed this milk to the baby. A breast pump will allow you to express milk at a time convenient to you and store it in bottles to be fed to the baby as needed.
  3. Bottles and nipples: A set of bottles and nipples are must haves for every baby. In their first few weeks, these bottles may be used to store mother’s milk, but as the baby grows, these bottles can also be used to give the baby water.
  4. Pacifiers: A baby who wants to constantly suck on the mother’s nipples may be soothed with a pacifier. This can give the mother some time to rest.
  5. Diapers: For over a year, diapers are a must for every baby. Most mothers choose disposable diapers for their convenience though others may choose cotton wash clothes as well. For the first few weeks, a baby tends to go through 10-12 diapers a day so stock up well.
  6. Bedding: Whether you choose to share your bed with the infant or have him or her sleep in a crib, you will need at least two sets of crib sheets.
  7. Baby bath tub: In their first few days, a baby needs to only be sponged down, but as they grow, regular baths become a necessity. A baby sized bathtub will make it easier to hold the baby while keeping them safe.
  8. Sling: Carrying a baby in your arms all the time is not possible and hence it is a good idea to invest in a sling or front pack. This also keeps the baby close to your body and allows him or her to be soothed by your warmth and heartbeat.
  9. Stroller: Once a child is three months old, he or she can be made to sit upright in a stroller. This gives the mother a little free time and puts less pressure on her back.
  10. Car seat: A car seat if a must have for every baby. You could choose between rear-facing car seats or convertible car seats.
1363 people found this helpful

Breastfeeding - Know Problems Associated With It!

Dr.Simmi Roy Mishra 87% (175ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma in Public Health
General Physician, Darjeeling

Breastfeeding can be challenging at times.
The commonest problem encountered is swelling and tenderness.
It's important to feed the baby from one breast completely and empty it.
If lump or swelling is felt immediately express milk out and also apply warm compresses
If fever occurs or there is pain and swelling inform the doctor immediately

The Benefits Of Breastfeeding Baby!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Faridabad
The Benefits Of Breastfeeding Baby!

A mother’s milk is said to be the most nutritious food for a new born baby. It contains the perfect balance of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins and minerals needed for your baby and changes to keep up with your baby’s growing needs. However, the benefits of breastfeeding extend way beyond nutritional value. Breastfeeding is beneficial for both you and your baby. Ideally, a baby should be breastfed for at least the first six months.

Here are 5 major benefits of breastfeeding.

  1. Stronger immunity: Mother’s milk is rich in antibodies and a number of unique compounds that help the newborn child’s body fight bacterial and viral infections. No other form of baby food is as rich in these antibodies. Babies who have been breastfed have a lower risk of suffering from ailments such as ear infection, stomach upsets and respiratory problems. The first milk expressed by a woman’s breasts after giving birth is known as colostrums. This milk coats the baby’s digestive system and prevents the growth of harmful bacteria.
  2. Fewer allergies: Breast milk is easier to digest than formula or cow’s milk. This protects the gastrointestinal passages from inflammation and prevents undigested food from triggering allergic reactions. Being breastfed can also reduce the number of allergies a child may suffer from in their later years.
  3. Healthy body weight: Breastfeeding makes a child less likely to suffer from obesity in their later childhood and adult years. This is because breast milk contains less insulin and more hormones as compared to formula. This helps regulate fat absorption. On an average, babied fed on formula put on weight quickly and are more likely to overeat in their later years.
  4. Stronger bones: Breastfeeding is beneficial for both the child and the mother. When a woman is breastfeeding her child, her body’s ability to absorb calcium increases. This helps increase bone density, especially as pregnancy can make bones weak.
  5. Builds a strong mother-child bond: After 9 months of carrying a child to term, giving birth may lead to post partum depression and a mother may feel the connection between her and the child severed. Breastfeeding helps nurture this connection and provides emotional relief to both the mother and child. For the mother, this experience releases hormones that reduce stress and relax the body. For the baby, close physical contact is very important and this process provides the perfect opportunity to do so.
1425 people found this helpful

Nutritional Requirements For Healthy Breastfeeding!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurvedic Doctor, Nagpur
Nutritional Requirements For Healthy Breastfeeding!

Post pregnancy, your first priority is to lose the extra weight you gain during pregnancy. Even though it is important to get healthy and toned again, it is equally important that you do not skip on nutrients. Your body is now using all its resources to produce breastmilk for your baby. What you eat doesn’t always affect the breast milk’s quality, but you do need to eat the right things to stay healthy.

Here are some diet tips you can follow - 

1. Stop counting calories: Generally, women who breastfeed need to eat 500 calories more than women who aren’t. In other words, you need to consume 2000-2500 calories every day. However, you don’t need to count calories throughout the day. Instead, you should eat when you are hungry. Also, the right number of calories depend on how your metabolism works, your weight and how regularly you breastfeed.

2. Lose the weight slowly and steadily: Honestly, pregnancy weight takes at least a year to get rid of. So don’t rush, and give in to crash diets to lose weight. A sudden weight loss and calorie drop can affect your milk supply. Instead, focus on losing 1 pound every week.

3. Choose healthy foods: Complex carbs, vitamins and good fats are important for a healthy diet, since you need the nutrition and durable energy to sustain not only yourself, but also the newest addition to your family.

4. Eat fish-but carefully: Fish such as salmon is good for you, since it contains DHA (Omega 3 fatty acids) which has an important role in the development of your baby’s brain and eyes. Limit your consumption however, since maximum fish contain mercury, which in high amounts, can harm your child.

5. Take your vitamins: Don’t stop taking your prenatal multivitamin and mineral supplements. Calcium, vitamin D and DHA supplements can enrich your diet and help you nurse your baby better.

Foods That Improve Breastmilk Supply-

  1. Fenugreek
  2. Oats
  3. Brewer’s Yeast
  4. Alfalfa
  5. Garlic
  6. Fennel
  7. Sesame Seeds
  8. Nuts
  9. Lactation Cookies
1170 people found this helpful
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