Breast milk is a vital food for any child. But feeding a child is the most tiring job. Most of the new moms complain about the quantity of milk, discomfort during feeding and appetite of the child. There are certain nursing ideas which can make both child and mother happy.
How to feed the baby?
The right position of the baby. The baby should position the mother entirely; head, chest, genital, knees. Grip the baby so that the buttocks are in one hand and the head is in the bend of the elbow. Let the other hand slip under the breast with all the four fingers supporting the breast but not on the areola, the darker area around the nipple. Tickle the baby's lower lip with the nipple to get the mouth open wide. Pull the baby's body in quickly so that the mouth fixes on the areola.
There should be no pain while feeding. If the baby is sucking incorrectly, use fingers to break the suction and reposition him.
If the baby is drifting while feeding, burp him, wake him and switch sides. Feeding time varies from 20 to 30 minutes.
Nurse on one side, if the baby is losing interest, switch side. Next time start with the side the feeding ended the time before.
In the early weeks, a baby feeds 8 to 12 times a day. Human milk is designed so that a baby needs to nurse frequently. It creates better bonding between mother and child.
If the baby is positioned right, there is no soreness of the nipple.
There are glands to provide oil to the feeding area so no chemicals or soap should be used.
Burping the baby is necessary after every feeding. Babies usually swallow air. It is most likely to happen if the baby cries during feeding. The swallowed air takes up room in the stomach, making the baby uncomfortable. If the air is not removed, it may spit some of the undigested milk. If babies slow down while eating, even though they have eaten little, they need to be burped in the middle of the meal. All babies need to be burped until 3 months of age. By 5 months, they learn how to burp themselves.
A mother should talk to the baby, play and tickle the baby before and after feeding. This provides an affectional bond between them. This promotes the social development of the child. If the feeding situation is not pleasant, if the mother is tensed or frustrated and doesn't feel like feeding, holds the baby awkwardly or handle him roughly, the baby will associate discomfort with the mother's presence, the child will grow up as an irritable person. The child learns social development, trust, emotional development from the early days of life.
What the new mom should eat?
If a mother is hungry, she is irritated while feeding. A mother needs more food than she was pregnant. The food should be rich in nutrients. Effect of mother's diet depends on the composition and output of milk. In addition to calories, the need for proteins, calcium, iron, vitamin a or beta carotene, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, folic acid, ascorbic acid and vitamin b12 is considerably high during lactation. The growing infant needs a sufficient amount of nutrients for the rapid growth of tissues. The infant takes all these nutrients from mother's milk.
Include a generous serving of milk, citrus fruits, green leafy vegetables and a whole grain like ragi in the diet.
Along with the increased food intake, increased fluid intake is also necessary to maintain an adequate supply of breast milk. Liquids in the form of juices, tea, milk, milk-based beverages, lemon drink, coconut water can be taken in between the meals.
Food with strong flavour may alter the taste of breast milk. Such foods should be avoided.
Alcohol and drugs enter breast milk and interfere with infant development. Such food should be restricted.
Sufficient rest is needed.
Encourage that the women are not emotionally disturbed during lactation.
There are certain traditional foods which are" galactagogues. Sago, black cumin, garlic, rice, toor dal, sabja seeds, khas are some food items which increases the milk production.
There are certain superstitions and myths associated with breastfeeding which are harmful to both mother and baby. There have to be taken care of.
Every other person today is exposed to various hair problems irrespective of their age or gender. Several factors including one’s diet, overall health and lifestyle, are responsible for causing hair problems. On top of that, pollution plays a major role in damaging your hair too!
Although hair problems are a major concern for both males and females, nearly 40% of women encounter visible hair loss by age 40. The most common conditions affecting your scalp and hair include hair fall, dandruff and split ends-
Hair fall- Most people are familiar with hair fall- you are used to witnessing broken strands of hair on the towel after having a bath, or on the comb. This condition is prevalent in those who have had a genetic or family history of hair fall. Hormonal changes, traumatic events (chronic illness or surgery), any underlying medical condition such as thyroid or lupus, and certain treatment procedures like chemotherapy can lead to hair fall in due course of time. While shedding a few strands of hair is considered normal, losing large volumes of hair more often than not can lead to permanent hair loss.
Dandruff- Dandruff is undoubtedly the most unsightly among all other conditions. It is even more embarrassing for people having dark hair. These appear as white powdered grains that cling to the roots of the hair. Dandruff often results from poor diet, poor metabolism, or dry scalp. This condition is more common in winters.
Split ends- Split ends are witnessed when the edges of your hair become brittle, dry and frayed. Exposure to extreme weather conditions can leave your hair damaged. Many people fall for hair styling techniques including blow drying, straightening and smoothening. They certainly make you look good, but frequent use of such hair styling techniques and the related chemical products damage your hair follicles. Almost everyone encounters split ends at some point in life. The only way to get rid of split ends is to trim your hair every 3-4 months.
People need to understand that applying any kind of oil or shampoo on one’s hair would only be external applications and will not lead to nourishment internally, no matter how much they boast of doing so through their advertisements. This is where Homeopathy comes to the rescue, which would help them in internal medication.
Role of homeopathy in curing hair problems-
Homeopathy can proficiently manage the symptoms of various hair problems including hair fall, dandruff and split ends. Homeopathic remedies are extracted from different plants, herbs and natural substances that are absolutely safe for you. This branch of medicine attempts to improve your metabolism and heal your digestive disorders, thereby promoting healthy hormones. Homeopathy medications or supplements prepared from the extracts of shellfish and oyster are rich in zinc. Consuming 30g of zinc can help in the synthesis of hair keratin. Flaxseed oil and fish oil used in homeopathy treatment are excellent sources of Omega-3 fatty acids. Omega-3 fatty acids not only prevent hair fall and breakage but also nourish your hair follicles, thereby promoting lush, healthy hair. Make sure you intake 2 capsules of these homeopathy supplements. Let's read how homeopathy works-
Homeopathy remedies and medicines thus rectify the underlying causes of hair problems. The main objective of the treatment is to eliminate the root of the problem. So, the next time you face hair problems, instead of going for hair styling treatments, opt for homeopathic intervention.
Benefits of breastfeeding
Its tough in the begining
Consider a breastfeeding class while you're pregnant. Getting baby to latch on may not feel natural. Ask for help in the hospital. Those first days, you might feel what experts call extreme tenderness and what we call pain. But once your baby is properly latched, discomfort should diminish during each nursing session and go away completely with time. Don't ignore shooting pain; a knot in the breast accompanied by soreness and redness could be a plugged milk duct, which can lead to mastitis, a nasty infection that requires antibiotics.
Start by getting comfortable. Support yourself with pillows if needed. Then cradle your baby close to your breast rather than learning forward to bring your breast to your baby. Support the baby's head with one hand and support your breast with the other hand. Tickle your baby's lower lip with your nipple to encourage your baby's mouth to open wide. Look and listen for a rhythmic sucking and swallowing pattern.
If you need to remove the baby from your breast, first release the suction by inserting your finger into the corner of your baby's mouth. If your baby consistently nurses on only one breast at a feeding during the first few weeks, pump the other breast to relieve pressure and protect your milk supply.
You're the food supply, so mother yourself
The nutrient needs of a woman are at an alltime high during breastfeeding. Keep taking prenatal vitamins, get ample calcium. By weight, 88% of breast milk is water. Breast milk volume increases from as little as 50 ml on the first day, to as much as 750 ml a day, when breastfeeding is well established. So, the most critical nutrient needed for the production of ample breastmilk to meet a suckling baby s demand, is water. Aim to drink at least 1.5- 2 litres/day.
You'll also need to learn to relax, however you can -- stress might affect letdown (the start of your milk flow). Take a warm shower, sink into a chair, and remember to breathe as you help your squirmy baby latch on.
Select wholesome food such as wholegrains, fruit, vegetables, low-fat dairy products, lean meat, fish, poultry, eggs, beans, nuts and seeds to maximise the overall nutrient quality of your diet.If you need medication (for anything from a cold to a chronic condition), check with your doctor. Most meds, but not all are fine in breast milk.
A mother’s milk is the best form of nutrition for a baby. A baby should ideally be breastfed for the first six months after birth. However, in some cases, a woman may not be able to produce enough milk to satiate the baby. This can be caused by a number of reasons such as nutritional deficiencies or infrequent feeding. This condition may be referred to as agalactia.
Homeopathy is often used to increase production of breast milk. This form of medication has negligible side effects and hence is ideal for a new mother.
Some of the most recommended homoeopathic remedies for this condition are:
Along with these homoeopathic remedies, some changes in how a baby is being fed can also help enhance the production of milk. Allow the baby to nurse for as long as required and do not time the baby’s feeding.
When the baby appears to stop feeding, switch him or her to the other breast. You could also try nursing the baby at night when your prolactin levels are higher. Prolactin is the hormone responsible for milk production. Massaging the breasts with oil can also help increase the production of breast milk.
Everyone has a different idea of what a mother and baby needs in the first few days after childbirth, but some essentials cannot be skipped out on. With that in mind, here are 10 childcare essential you may need right after the delivery.
Breastfeeding can be challenging at times.
The commonest problem encountered is swelling and tenderness.
It's important to feed the baby from one breast completely and empty it.
If lump or swelling is felt immediately express milk out and also apply warm compresses
If fever occurs or there is pain and swelling inform the doctor immediately
A mother’s milk is said to be the most nutritious food for a new born baby. It contains the perfect balance of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins and minerals needed for your baby and changes to keep up with your baby’s growing needs. However, the benefits of breastfeeding extend way beyond nutritional value. Breastfeeding is beneficial for both you and your baby. Ideally, a baby should be breastfed for at least the first six months.
Here are 5 major benefits of breastfeeding.
Post pregnancy, your first priority is to lose the extra weight you gain during pregnancy. Even though it is important to get healthy and toned again, it is equally important that you do not skip on nutrients. Your body is now using all its resources to produce breastmilk for your baby. What you eat doesn’t always affect the breast milk’s quality, but you do need to eat the right things to stay healthy.
Here are some diet tips you can follow -
1. Stop counting calories: Generally, women who breastfeed need to eat 500 calories more than women who aren’t. In other words, you need to consume 2000-2500 calories every day. However, you don’t need to count calories throughout the day. Instead, you should eat when you are hungry. Also, the right number of calories depend on how your metabolism works, your weight and how regularly you breastfeed.
2. Lose the weight slowly and steadily: Honestly, pregnancy weight takes at least a year to get rid of. So don’t rush, and give in to crash diets to lose weight. A sudden weight loss and calorie drop can affect your milk supply. Instead, focus on losing 1 pound every week.
3. Choose healthy foods: Complex carbs, vitamins and good fats are important for a healthy diet, since you need the nutrition and durable energy to sustain not only yourself, but also the newest addition to your family.
4. Eat fish-but carefully: Fish such as salmon is good for you, since it contains DHA (Omega 3 fatty acids) which has an important role in the development of your baby’s brain and eyes. Limit your consumption however, since maximum fish contain mercury, which in high amounts, can harm your child.
Foods That Improve Breastmilk Supply-