Knee rehabilitation is a major surgery that can take a toll on anybody’s health and bouncing back can be quite a challenge. But don’t be disheartened. You will be on your feet and traipsing around town effortlessly in no time if you follow a post-surgery protocol.
Your preparation for knee care should start long before the surgery. Plan ahead and anticipate your needs. Read up articles on recovery post knee surgery, doctor’s advice and testimonials from those who have undergone this surgery. You should designate a room for yourself to convalesce in. If possible, make sure it's on the ground floor because clambering up and down the stairs might be taxing for your knee. Make sure there are-
• Multiple pillows to elevate the recovering knee
• Ice packs
• A medicine closet where you can stock up on medicines and bandages
• An attached urinal or lavatory
• Crutches or a walker
Here are a few things you must do:
To manage pain and discomfort after the surgery and to reduce the swelling, apply icepacks four times a day for ten minutes every time. Once the swelling does down in a few months, alternate between hot and cold compresses, which can ease your muscles.
Eat a healthy diet: You need proteins because they help with healing. So your diet should feature eggs, milk products and nuts. Since healing requires energy, make sure you eat high carbohydrate foods like fresh fruits, nuts, seeds, legumes and whole grains.
The one thing you must absolutely not do is put too much pressure on your knees. So refrain from walking or lifting heavy weights.
Keep your loved ones near: Complete recovery is only possible when you have family and friends near you. Not only do you need them for their encouragement and moral support, but for another very practical reason. Recovery means round the clock medication. It helps if there is someone living with you so to help you with the medicines and since you have to consume them for quite a few months, you will need to replenish them. Your loved ones can help you with that and escort you to the doctor and physiotherapist.
Get in touch with the experts: Your knee will require constant care and a major constituent of your regime would be regular changes of dressing. Unless you get that done, the site of the injury could swell up and even develop an infection which would set recovery back by months. Also, the cleaning and dressing need to be done expertly. That is why it is important to get in touch with health care professionals who will drop in regularly.
Look up reputed physiotherapists: Search online for physiotherapists or ask your orthopaedic doctor to refer you to one. Physiotherapy is instrumental in recovering the full mobility of your knee. You might have to attend therapy sessions three or four times a week. So contact a clinic or a physiotherapist to learn more about their services and remittance and make a decision so that you can start therapy as soon as possible.
Knee surgery recovery hinges on you not giving up hope and sticking to your doctor’s advice. With patience and support from family, you will be up and about in just a few months.
Knee problems can be quite annoying but if this problem becomes regular, it brings life to a standstill. The movement becomes restricted. Many associated problems slowly crop up. Thus, it is best to nip the problem in the bud. While some people might experience a problem in the full knee, in some people, only a single compartment (tissue or cartilage) of the knee may be affected. For such patients, Unicondylar Knee Replacement comes as a blessing.
Unicondylar knee replacement, also known as the Unicompartmental Knee Replacement or Partial Knee Replacement is the most sought-after knee replacement surgery. The surgery involves replacing only the worn out or affected part (cartilage) of the knee, thereby preserving the healthier cartilages and tissues of the knee.
In the last few years, incidences of osteoarthritis have been on the rise. The unicondylar knee replacement surgery has made life a lot easier for people suffering from osteoarthritis (a condition where the articular cartilage or the connective tissue present within the knee joint begins to wear out).
However, the surgery may not be a wise idea for
Pre- surgery, a person should
Unicondylar knee replacement recovery time is quick, between 3-4 weeks. However, the concerned person may require physiotherapy for the next 3-6 months.
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Ayurveda is a very old system of medicine, which originated in India. Using herbs found in nature to cure various illnesses, knee pain can also be permanently cured with this method indigenous to India. It reduces knee pain caused by various illnesses including arthritis, inflammation of the cartilage and wearing of the patella among others.
Here are some common Ayurvedic remedies, which help reduce knee pain:
2. Ashwagandha: Ashwagandha is medically known as Withania Somnifera. In the West, Ashwagandha is popularly known as Winter Cherry. Also, it has a lot of therapeutic properties, which include reducing joint pains.
3. Banyan: The Banyan tree's medical name is Ficus Benghalensis. It has a sap very similar to the form of rubber known as latex is derived from the Banyan tree. The Banyan tree's sap is externally applied over the joints and the pain usually disappears after a few regular applications.
4. Bishop's weed: The medical name for Bishop's weed is Trachyspermum Ammi. The oil extracted from this herb is usually applied to the knees to reduce the intensity of such knee pains.
5. Celery: The medical name for celery is Apium Graveolens. Celery is not only effective treatment for rheumatoid arthritis and associated pains in the knees, but it is also helpful in treating gout. It is usually agreed upon that this particular treatment is usually long lasting because of its alkaline nature.
6. Dandelion: Dandelion's biological name is Taraxacum Officinale. It is rich in magnesium and is crucial for the correct mineralization of the bones. This mineralization allows the bones to become stronger and also prevents knee pain.
8. Ginger: Ginger is biologically called Zingiber Officinale. These can be easily included in your diet and go a long way in curbing knee pain.
Runner's knee is not a particularly dangerous problem. It is an expansive term that refers to the pain you feel in case you have one of the few knee issues. For instance, chondromalacia patella, a condition due to softening of the cartilage under the kneecap can lead to runner's knee side effects.
Runner's knee can happen for a few reasons:
Symptoms of Runner's Knee:
The main symptom you will notice is pain. It can happen:
You might also notice swelling around your knee or a popping or grinding feeling inside the joint.
For the vast majority, runner's knee shows signs of improvement with time. However, certain treatments or remedies for pain elevation are as follows:
An Orthopaedic specialist can help you sort out the problem.
Your knees are one of the most vulnerable parts of your bodies. In case of strenuous or vigorous activities, knees are more prone to damage and injury than the other parts. Several of the knee tissues are fairly delicate and often are easily impaired. Among the other knee tissue injuries, meniscus tears are perhaps the most frequent. Meniscus is essentially a cartilage that protects and stabilizes the knee joints. However, an untoward twist or a strain can lead to a tear in the meniscus. Meniscus tears are a common phenomenon among athletes and sportsmen. They have been noted to be more recurrent in older individuals.
Some of the early symptoms that indicate the onset of a meniscus tear are swelling and difficulty in bending or straightening of the leg. Sometimes a "locking sensation" in the knees also forebodes a torn meniscus. The inflammation potentially causes a lot of pain and irritation. While, it is fairly easy to ignore a meniscus tear for a normal knee injury, prolonged overlooking may only aggravate the pain and worsen the condition. The process of diagnosing a meniscus tear usually involves an MRI scan and an X-ray examination, over and above a detailed evaluation of the wound.
Treating meniscus tears vary according to the extent of the injury. Depending upon the location and the depth of the tear, various cures can be tried. The healing process, however, depends upon other allied factors such as age, level of physical activities and one's medical history. An external and minor injury is easily mendable. Whereas, graver injuries are resolved through surgical means. The other non-operative means include certain prescribed medicines and specific exercises. Some of the recommended ways of battling a meniscus tear can be enlisted as:
A knee sprain is a disorder that is characterized by tearing of the ligaments of the knee. The ligaments are tissues in the knee, whose function is to keep the bones together. They also help in keeping the bones and the knee joint in their proper position. In terms of function, they help you walk, turn and twist. Usually, ligaments get sprained due to sports or exercise-related injuries.
The symptoms of knee sprain are pain in the knee joint, impaired movement and swelling. You will have difficulty while walking as the knee may give out or buckle. In some cases, you may also hear a painful pop from the knee joint.
The treatment of a knee sprain begins with a proper diagnosis wherein you may have to undergo various tests such as X-rays or MRI. Once the diagnosis confirms that it is a knee sprain, treatment will begin. The various modes of treatment include:
In addition to the treatment, plenty of rest is required. Do not carry out tasks that require you to move your knee excessively as it may damage it further. Perform stretches and strengthening exercises to keep the joints strong and mobile. Sometimes ligament injuries are serious and do not settle down with the above measures. If the problem persists, you must visit your nearest sports injury specialist.
Elementary knowledge of biology tells you how important joints are for the overall functionality of a human body. If not for biology experience teaches us the inevitable importance of joints. The link between a tooth and the jawbone is also a joint. Without joints, the human body would have been in bits and pieces.
Having known that, you should also try to remember or understand how disabling joint pains can be. They hardly let you move a limb and can also cripple you for life. Knee joint pain can hinder a person's free movement. Knees bear an entire load of your body; they support your frame. Knee joint pain should, therefore, be a cause for alarm.
Going by the following ways can relieve you of knee joint pain:
1. Maintain a healthy weight: Carrying extra pounds can exert additional pressure on your joints and contribute to knee pain. If you're overweight, losing as little as 5 percent of your body weight can help relieve the stress on your knees. Talk to your doctor about developing a healthy eating plan and exercise program to help you lose weight sensibly.
2. Find a low-impact exercise you enjoy: Talk to your doctor before beginning an exercise program. Good choices for people with knee pain include walking and swimming. Be sure to warm up before and cool down after exercising. Avoid hilly terrain and high-impact activities like running and jumping, as these can worsen knee pain.
3. Give physical therapy a try: Physical and occupational therapy often are helpful for people with knee pain. A physical therapist can help design an exercise program that fits your individual ability level and teach you proper techniques to spare your joints. Occupational therapy can teach you how to reduce strain on your knees in your daily activities.
4. Get enough rest and relaxation: Sure, physical activity is important, but rest and relaxation can go a long way to promote good health - and reduce pain. Achieve a healthy balance in your life by learning stress-relief techniques like deep breathing and meditation.
5. Make sure you're getting enough sleep: No question-arthritis pain can interfere with a good night's sleep. However, proper sleep is necessary for overall health, so if you are having trouble sleeping, talk to your doctor. Proper pain management can help break the cycle to help you slumber soundly.
6. Use Ice and/or Heat: For many people with arthritis pain, ice can help relieve pain and swelling and heat can help ease stiffness. Ask your doctor about how to safely use an ice pack and/or a warm towel or heating pad. A hot shower in the morning or warm bath before bed at night also may be helpful.
7. Apply a topical pain reliever: A number of over-the-counter and prescription creams, gels, sprays and patches are available to help relieve arthritis pain. These pain relievers contain ingredients like capsaicin, salicylates, menthol, or a combination of medicines. Ask your doctor if one of these products might be right for you.
8. Consider Injections: Persistent arthritis pain may respond to treatment with injections. Available options include corticosteroids, which can be used up to 2 or 3 times a year to relieve severe pain, and hyaluronic acid, which can help replenish lubricating substances in the knee. Talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of injectable treatments for knee pain.
09. Talk to Your Doctor about Surgery: If you have severe osteoarthritis symptoms that interfere with daily life and do not respond to conservative treatment, surgery may be necessary. Ask your doctor about arthroscopic procedures or total knee replacement, may be necessary.
Are you experiencing knee pain and seek ideal treatment for your condition? Knee pain is a very common issue. It is common in people of all ages, and simple home remedies can be used to treat knee pain effectively. In severe cases, professional treatment or help is required.
The technique of joint preservation is applicable to people who have defected cartilage. The technique helps to preserve such patients’ joints and restore them to their proper functioning.
The cartilage that covers the surface of joint bones is the articular cartilage. It allows the joint bones to slide over each other with no or little friction. Any injury or normal wear and tear over time can damage the articular cartilage. These damaged cartilages cause pain, stiffness, and restricted motion.
Articular cartilage can hardly heal itself, therefore, surgeries can help in stimulating the growth of new cartilage.
The various joint preservation techniques are listed.
Microfracture Surgery -
This technique is good for patients with a healthy subchondral bone and single lesion. Surgeons use an arthroscope, a long and thin device that has a tiny camera at the tip to see inside the joint. Then, with the help of an awl (a small pointed tool), they make small holes called microfractures in the subchondral bone. The surgery stimulates the healing process and increases the blood flow on the surface of the bone. It brings new cells that build new cartilages.
Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation -
This procedure involves two-step. The first step is arthroscopic surgery and the second step is arthrotomy.
Arthroscopic surgery involves removing those tissues which contain healthy cartilage cells from a bone. These cells are cultured first and then multiplied in the lab for 3 to 5 weeks. In the second step, the newly developed cells are implanted through a surgical procedure called arthrotomy. This surgery is suitable for people with a single lesion of large areas.
Osteochondral Autograft Transplantation -
During this transplantation, the healthy cartilage is taken from a bone that does not contain weight and transferred to the damaged area of the joint. This piece of healthy cartilage is known as graft that is taken as a cylindrical plug underlying bone and cartilage. This graft is then transferred to the damaged area. This process smooths the cartilage surfaces in the joint and thus helps in the healing of the joint cartilage.
Osteochondral Allograft Transplantation -
In this technique, the graft tissue is taken from a cadaver donor, called allograft. The process is useful in repairing damaged cartilage. The techniques have opted when the cartilage defect is too large for an autograft.
Joint issues are common in young and energetic people these days. But with new techniques and processes, it has become possible to cure the problem. It is a boon for people who were long facing joint problems.
The problem with runner’s knee is that it leaves you partially immobile. The pain is really uncomfortable and it bars daily activities, exercises, etc. To get relief from such pain, you may try resting the knee for some time. In case you are not getting any respite with rest and precautionary steps, you may go for more aggressive treatment. However, to understand what is going wrong with your knee, it is important that you understand the problem and its causes better.
Understanding Runner’s Knee-
It can be a combined problem with the knee cap, misalignment of any of the bones starting from the pelvic line to the knee, damage or degeneration of the cartilage beneath the knee bone or patella, or loosening of the associated thigh muscles. Hence with any or some of the bone problems, the condition may develop. You may hear a pop sound with knee movements or may experience pain and swelling. Pain may come from any side or surround the full joint.
Prevention Is The Best Method-
To prevent runner’s knee from affecting you, when you know that you are an athlete and are more susceptible to it, try the following:
Concentrate on strengthening your thigh muscles for complete support.
Pick a good shoe for running and exercising.
Try to avoid hard running tracks.
Manage your weight.
Use a knee guard when doing an intense workout.
While you are increasing your workout and activity, try to make the change slow and gradual.
How To Treat Runner’s Knee?
The best treatment for the condition is rest. Time and rest cure the problem on its own in most cases. Pain can be reduced with ice pack application for half an hour and can be repeated after every 3-4 hours for 2-3 days. Also, you must try to keep your legs high using pillow support while you are lying down or sitting. Try to get support from a good orthopedic shoe. You may also need physiotherapy exercises to heal better. Additionally, some stretching exercises for strengthening your thigh muscles would be recommended by your physiotherapist.
If the pain is excruciating, you may take pain killers like ibuprofen or naproxen etc. Ensure you take these medicines only after consent from your doctor. In some severe cases, surgery may be needed to align the bone or replace the affected cartilage.
The age and body condition decides how fast you would heal. But once you are cured, try to be careful with enough knee support through shoes, knee guards and physiotherapy so that the condition does not return. Also, remember that resting between exercise reps is a must.
Knee is a hinge joint where the lower leg bone tibia meets the thigh bone femur. During osteoarthritis, cartilage or ligament defects and degenerative arthritis, knee replacement surgery is recommended worldwide to get relief from extreme pain. Knee replacement surgery, also known as knee arthroscopy, is a surgical procedure, in which the affected knee joint is replaced with synthetic material. The most likely candidates for total knee replacement are the patients with severe destruction of the knee joint coupled with progressive pain and impaired function.
Modern technological advances have made computer-assisted knee replacement surgery extremely popular around the globe. In this surgery, the surgeon is assisted by a computer to remove the optimum amount and angle of the bone, which otherwise is done by inspecting manually. This is an excellent example of surgery through small incision and it eliminates the chances of human error. Perfect alignment and balance are achieved and hence longevity is also increased to 20 - 30 years. Knee replacement surgery is also specific to gender as the anatomy of male and female patients is different.
There are many types of knee replacements, most common being the total knee replacement or Total Knee Arthroplasty. In addition, there is partial knee replacement, bilateral knee replacement, revision knee replacement and knee arthroscopy.
In knee replacement surgery, the worn out surfaces of joints of knee are replaced with artificial implant of plastic and metal. The lower end of the femur bone is removed and replaced with a metal shell. The upper end of the lower leg bone (tibia) is also removed and replaced with a channeled plastic implant with a metal stem. A plastic ball is also added under the kneecap depending on its condition. These artificial components are commonly referred to as prosthesis. The design of these highly flexible implants replicates knee, with the rotating knee replacement implants assist in backward and forward swing of the legs.
Patients whose knee joints have been damaged by either trauma or progressive arthritis should consider total knee replacement surgery. The post-surgical hospital stay after knee joint replacement is usually three to five days. The surgery has a very high success rate and shows dramatic improvement after a month. This improvement is most notable one month or more after surgery. The pain caused by the damaged joint is reduced significantly when the new gliding surface is constructed during surgery. Initially, patient will walk with the help of a walking aid until the knee is able to support full body weight. After six weeks, patient can walk comfortably with minimal assistance. Patients with artificial joints are prescribed to take antibiotics during the course of any elective invasive procedures including dental work. Physiotherapy is an essential part of rehabilitation and it will increase the muscle strength and patient can enjoy most activities, except running and jumping.