There are many situations under which people may go through joint or muscle damage. There are other portions that may also go through the side effects of such damage. During the damage, a knee ligament might be overstretched (sprained), or at times even torn. A ligament tear can be incomplete (only a portion of the filaments that make up the tendon are torn) or complete (the tendon is torn totally). Knee tendon wounds can bring about pain, swelling, wounding and lessen the movement of your knee. Your knee joint may feel unsteady and you may walk with a limp.
There are four tendons in the knee that could get damage:
Side effects can include the following:
Treatments that can help elevate the pain are as follows:
Arthroscopy has brought about a revolutionary change in the way doctors visualize, diagnose, and then treat problems in knee joints, elbow joints, shoulder joints, ankle joints, and hip joints. For performing Arthroscopy, the doctor makes an incision on the skin of the patient and inserts a slender instrument through the incision. The instrument contains a small lens along with a lighting system to illuminate and magnify structures inside the joint. This instrument is known as an arthroscope, and it also contains a miniature camera.
With the help of the camera, the surgeon can visualize the entire interior chambers of the joint. So, the primary benefit of Arthroscopy lies in the visualization and treatment of various joints through a very small incision. This implies that the doctor does not need to make a large incision or cut open the joint for surgery.
The camera displays all the images on a television screen that helps the surgeon to look for problems such as tears, scars, inflammations, etc., inside the joint. He can see the ligaments, cartilage, stuff under the kneecap, etc., to determine the type and amount of injury. He can proceed to repair or rectify the problem accordingly.
What Is the Benefit of Arthroscopy?
Before Arthroscopy, doctors used to diagnose joint diseases and injuries with the help of physical examination, medical history, X-ray, MRI, and CT scan. However, such diagnosis is usually not as perfect as a diagnosis made by looking through the arthroscope and into the joint cavity.
Joints like shoulder, knee, hip, wrist, etc., may suffer from a number of diseases, apart from injuries. These can damage not only bones, but also ligaments, cartilage, tendons, and muscles. Diagnosing of a fracture can be done through X-rays. However, the diagnosis of cartilage, tendon, or muscle damage is difficult to make without Arthroscopy.
Conditions Affecting Joints in which Arthroscopy Can Be Used:
Some of the most common condition where Arthroscopy can be used are:
Inflammation: Inflammation of the lining of the joint cavity, also known as Synovitis, can affect all joints including shoulder, wrist, elbow, and ankle joint.
Injuries: Injuries beset joints that include all joints. However, there are some typical injuries that beset specific joints. Some of the common injuries are:
Shoulder joints usually suffer from rotator cuff tendon tear, dislocations, and impingement syndrome.
The most common injuries in knee joints are a meniscal tear, anterior cruciate ligament tear, and chondromalacia
For wrist, carpal tunnel syndrome is the most common form of injury usually formed by repeated abuse of the carpal tunnel.
Arthroscopy makes it easy to diagnose and treat each of these injuries.
Problems Treated by Arthroscopy:
Apart from injuries, other problems that can be treated by Arthroscopy are associated with arthritis. In fact, there are several injuries and problems where a combination of standard and arthroscopic surgeries is needed. These include:
Rotator cuff surgery for a shoulder injury.
Repair of torn cartilage in the shoulder or knee.
Reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament of the knee.
Releasing the carpal tunnel of the wrist.
Repairing torn ligaments.
Although Arthroscopy enables the surgeon to view the cavities of all types of joints, it is primarily used to view and fix six joints that include shoulders, knees, ankles, elbows, wrists, and hip. With new and innovative technologies, more and more complex and smaller joints are being treated with Arthroscopy.
Arthroscopy is very useful in many injuries and joint related problems. However, it is always advisable to consult a doctor before going for this type of surgery as every patient and condition is different from the other.
ACL Injury (meniscal injury) means torn in one of the important ligament of knee joint, joining the upper leg bone and the lower leg bone, eventually tearing and trapping the cushion pads supporting the knee joints. These injuries usually occur during sports activities, like soccer, basketball, football, gymnastics, tennis, volleyball, etc.
An untreated ACL injury can lead to a condition called an ACL deficiency. This can cause a lot of problems with regard to knee movements as the bones may rub against each other, causing a lot of pain. In some cases, the cartilage covering the ends of the bones may get damaged, eventually tearing and trapping the cushion pads supporting the knee joints.
Signs and symptoms of the anterior cruciate ligament may include:
1. You are unable to move properly.
2. You experience immense pain while walking up and down stairs.
3. You are unable to engage much in physical activities.
4. Your knee begins to swell gradually.
5. You can sense a loud popping sensation when moving your knee.
6. You experience feelings of instability in running, climbing stairs, waking fast or walking on uneven surface (feel like sudden unlocking of knee joint).
Anterior cruciate ligament injuries generally occur during sports. Here are some common possible instances that might happen during a game:
1. Sudden arrest in motion
2. An unsteady landing from a jump
3. Direct blows to the knee from tackles
4. Sudden shifts in direction
Treatment of ACL injuries normally involves the following:
1. Immediate medical attention along with intense first aid care
2. Sincere adherence to the R.I.C.E model of self-care -
3. Success rehabilitative therapy for several weeks
4. Anterior cruciate ligament surgery or reconstruction - In case of complete ACL tear or tear involving more then 50 of ACL fibres and also showing major laxity in knee joint on clinical examination, this procedure is followed.