What is Articular Cartilage Injury?
Cartilage is an important structural unit of the body. It is present in places like the joints, the spine, the end of ribs, in the bronchial tubes, and the ear and the nose. Cartilages are firm, but flexible tissues. There are many types of cartilages found in the body. Among them articular cartilages are the ones that are present on the surface of the bones. As the name suggests articular cartilages exist to render articulation to the bones and retain their lubrication. Complexities arise when these cartilages are damaged, behind which many causes can play an active role. For example, a sport injury can damage the cartilages around the knees. Other causes include the twisting of the Anterior cruciate ligament and a progressive knee injury. Articular Cartilage Injury can also be an isolated event.
Since there are no blood vessels in the cartilages, it takes quite long for them to heal. Symptoms Pain and inflammation of the knee Locking of the knee Generation of noises when the knee is moved
The best treatment option for damaged cartilages is RICE therapy if the injury is not too severe. rice can be broken down into Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation.
For severe cases, interventional methods like osteochondritis dissecans surgery might be attempted. The objective of this surgery is to attach the detached fragment. Another surgery that works to restore the damaged cartilage is marrow stem cell transplant whereby the stem cell is implanted in the cartilage defect. Multiple arthroscopic modalities of treatment are now available for cartilage repair which are customised according to the specific condition.
The Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is an important ligament that gives stability to the knees. An injury to this ligament can result in a host of complications and discomfort. Children or adults who are into sports such as gymnastics, volleyball, tennis, basketball, soccer, football, often injure this ligament. As per various studies and surveys, ACL injury is more likely to affect female athletes as compared to their male counterparts.
Depending on the severity and extent of the damage, an Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury may be ranked on a grade of 3.
What causes Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury?
While a host of sports activities mentioned above increases the risk of the injury, a person may also suffer a partial or a complete anterior cruciate ligament tear under the following situations.
Symptoms associated with ACL injury
To diagnose the extent of the damage, the doctor may suggest
What is a Knee Replacement?
Knee replacement or arthroplasty is an operation, in which damaged or diseased knee joints are replaced with artificial joints. Damaged knee causes a lot of stiffness and pain resulting in reduced mobility. Knee replacement is a major surgery and is considered as the last option if other treatments like physiotherapy or steroid injections aren’t giving the desired results.
Knee replacement surgeries can be of two types- total knee replacement (TKR) when both sides of knee joints are replaced and partial (half) knee replacement (PKR) when only one side of the joint is replaced. Knee replacement surgeries are often required in old people between the ages of 60 and 80, but the paradigm is now shifting to even young age group.
Who Needs a Knee Replacement?
Osteoarthritis is the most common reason for knee replacement surgery, some of the other conditions that can cause damage to the knee are:
Knee replacement surgeries have a high success rate and can definitely improve your quality of life. Here is a list of hospitals that you can refer to in case of knee surgeries:
1. B.S.D.T College & Multispeciality Hospital, Kesnand Phata, Wagholi, Pune
B.S.D.T's College & Multispeciality Hospital specialises in orthopedic surgeries. Dr. Mandar M. Puranik is one of the main orthopedic doctor visiting the hospital. He has several years of experience in the field of orthopaedics. Hospital is also well equipped with all kind of physiotherapy support that helps in better recovery.
Consultation fees: ₹100
2. Sterling Multispeciality Clinic, Pimpri-Chinchwad, Pune
Sterling Multispeciality clinic has a dedicated department for joint replacement, which is well equipped to perform all kind of joint replacements surgeries including knee replacement. The team follows international protocols, to ensure the procedures are smooth and patients have a faster recovery.
Consultation fees: ₹300- ₹400
3. Med Care MultiSpeciality Medical & Dental Laser Centre, Palam Extension, Sector 7, Delhi
Med Care hospital Dwarka is one of the best names in Delhi when it comes to Orthopedic facilities. They have a team of diverse doctors like orthopaedic surgeons, sport and trauma surgeons, physiotherapists and rheumatologists. They are known to use the latest techniques like cementless implants that extend the life of the replacement.
Consultation fees: ₹500
4. Parnami Orthopaedic Hospital, Azadpur, Delhi
Parnami Orthopaedic Hospital has an in-house team of three of the most leading doctors - Dr. Munishwar Lal Parnami, Dr. Ravindra Gupta and Dr. Sumeet Setia, from Delhi. The doctors specialize in all kind of ortho treatments and joint replacement surgeries. They have a well-equipped operation theater to conduct any kind of surgery.
Consultation fees: ₹700
5. Care Health, Dasarahalli Main Road, Bangalore
Orthopedics is one of the specialization of Care Health. The team of doctors is specialized in all kind of musculoskeletal treatment especially the spine, joints, and muscles.they have the best facilities available for knee surgery & transplantations.
Consultation fees: ₹250- ₹350
6. Shanthi Hospital and Research Center, Bangalore
SHRC, has a dedicated team and department of orthopedic surgery which is known for its non- invasive or minimally invasive procedures. The best advantage of getting any kind of joint replacement surgery done in SHRC is faster recovery and quick discharge.
Consultation fees: ₹300- ₹500
7. Disha Hospital, AG Jambhulpada, Mumbai
Dr. Nikhil S. Shetty one of the most acclaimed doctors in the field of orthopaedics, is associated with Disha Hospital. He has years of experience in treating all kind of musculoskeletal problems and specializes in stem cell transplant surgeries and knee replacement. He is also known for conducting physiotherapy sessions that help in better results post surgery.
Consultation fees: ₹500
8. Wockhardt Hospital, Mumbai Central, Mumbai
Wockhardt hospital has the best team of orthopedic doctors to treat any kind of diseases, injuries and deformities of the musculoskeletal system. They also specialize in knee and hip joint replacement surgeries. With the best infrastructure and latest technologies the treatment is less painful and allows a speedy recovery.
Consultation fees: ₹1000- ₹1500
9. Pace Hospitals, Begumpet, Hyderabad
PACE Hospitals is a super specialty hospital, that is known for its comprehensive and holistic approach. They have a team of experts which is known for its world-class treatment of all kind of ortho related problems like arthritis to knee replacement.
Consultation fees: ₹500
10. Srinivasa Hospital, Jaiswal Lane, Hyderabad
Srisrinivasa hospital is amongst the leading orthopedic hospitals in Hyderabad and provides all kind of orthopedic services such as knee replacement, shoulder and total hip replacement, spine surgeries and the number of other musculoskeletal conditions. The team here is the pioneer in minimally invasive orthopedic surgeries. They have all the modern facilities that are needed for treatment as well as diagnosis of bone & joint problems.
Consultation fees: ₹250
Are you experiencing knee pain and seek ideal treatment for your condition? Knee pain is a very common issue which may develop in any bony structure of your body, comprising your kneecap, the knee joint, ligaments, and cartilages of your knee. Knee pain is common in people of all ages, and simple home remedies can be used to treat knee pain effectively. In severe cases, professional treatment or help is required.
• The location of your knee pain varies based on the structure that is involved.
• Your whole knee may swell up and seem painful in the case of infections and inflammatory processes. On the other hand, a bone fracture may show symptoms in one specific area.
• The severity of knee pain may vary from acute to serious and disabling.
Other common symptoms associated with knee pain include the following:
• Difficulty in walking because of knee instability.
• Limping because of discomfort.
• Difficulty in going up and down the staircase because of ligament damage.
• Swelling and redness.
• The inability of extending the knee.
Knee pain may occur because of several reasons, and factors. Generally, knee pain is classified into 3 primary categories. They are:
• Acute injuries that include broken bones, a meniscal tear, or a torn ligament.
• Medication conditions which commonly include the likes of arthritis, and various infections.
• Conditions that occur on account of chronic use and overuse, such as patellar syndromes, tendinitis, bursitis, and osteoarthritis.
• There are several treatment measures for knee pain, based on the cause, your condition, and severity.
• The most common treatment procedures include the following:
• Several medications are used for the treatment of an underlying medical condition that causes knee pain, for effective pain relief.
• Strengthening of the muscles surrounding the ankle makes it stable and helps in achieving the best mechanical movements.
• This is effective in avoiding injuries and preventing an existing injury from worsening.
• Several injectable medications are injected into your knee directly.
• Corticosteroids and lubricants are commonly used for dealing with inflammation in the knee, and for improving movement and pain.
• In case of severe and persistent knee pain, a surgery may be required. Knee operations include arthroscopic surgeries, total knee replacement and much more.
• Arthroscopic surgery is the most common procedure in which injuries in your knee are repaired and pieces of loose cartilage and bone are removed.
• During partial knee replacement, the damaged parts of your knee are replaced with metal and plastic parts. Only a part of the knee joint gets replaced.
There are several other therapies that are also beneficial for the treatment of knee pain. You can opt for acupuncture, which is ideal for osteoarthritis patients. Glucosamine and chondroitin supplements are also prescribed in some cases.
Knee pain is characterized by a feeling of pain in the knee joint caused by injury or overuse. The knee joint consists of small bone structures, the kneecap, supporting ligaments and cartilage of the knee. This joint bears the full weight of the body, which makes it very vulnerable to injury.
Causes of knee pain
Knee pain is usually caused by injuries to the knee such as exposure to a direct force on the knee, abnormal twisting of the knee or falling on your knees. Some causes of knee pain are -
Symptoms of knee pain
Severe knee pain can restrict movements such as walking or standing. The symptoms vary according to the extent of the damage suffered by the knee. Most common symptoms of knee pain are problems in climbing stairs, inability to extend the knees, limping and swelling of the knee joint. In some cases, knee pain may also cause fever. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
How should you approach pain caused due to sports injuries?
Sports injuries can happen to any person who engages in sporting activities. These affect full-time athletes as well as those who partake in sports and exercising on an occasional basis. Most sports injuries are acute and affect the muscles and skeletal system. Usually, they are not chronic unless caused by a grave accident or left untreated.
The most common types of injuries caused due to sports are as follows:
Treatment of sports injuries depends on a number of factors such as the type of injury, part of the body affected, the intensity of the pain, and the patient's age and medical history.
Accordingly, the most common ways of approaching the pain caused by sports injuries are:
Devising the exact treatment method requires a thorough examination of the injury. Diagnosis can only be provided after taking into consideration the many factors that affect treatment. The method of treatment varies from case to case and consequently, the recovery time also differs. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
A workout session is often tedious and exhausting, especially for those who aren’t comfortable with strenuous exercises. And, many a time, you can experience significant pain in pursuit of a fit body - injuries, strain, and sprain become a part of your life. The most common gym injuries one might have while working out are-
Repetitive motion, not having enough rest after completing one set of the exercise, simple wear and tear- all these result in workout injuries. Many a time, people don’t pay much attention to these injuries and continue with their daily activities. Studies reveal that overuse of body parts account for about 30% of all injuries. Ignoring these injuries may lead to serious health conditions in the long run.
A few precautionary measures can be adopted to prevent such injuries-
How are these common injuries treated?
Injuries sustained during workout sessions need to be looked after. Urgent medical intervention is recommended in such cases so that the pain does not hinder your movement and routine activities for long.
The most effective and preferred choice of treatment to cure gym injuries is the RICE technique.
Your doctor will also prescribe a few anti-inflammatory drugs and painkillers to ease the pain. You can also use a shoulder splint to keep the injured shoulder/arm in place. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
The knee joint is the meeting point of several bones. The knee bone's connected to the thigh bone at knee joint. The thigh bone or femur is the longest bone in the human body and it sits directly above the knee. Below the knee joint lies the shinbone or tibia down to the ankle. Tibia is partnered with the fibula, which runs along the outside of the leg. The kneecap also called as patella lies in between, protecting the knee joint. When the leg bends, the patella moves on the front part of the femur.
Knee Joint Compartments -
Arthritis affects the ends of the bones, or spots where the bones in the knee joint move against each other. The joint capsule is a thick ligamentous structure that surrounds the entire knee that contains synovial membrane which provides nourishment to all the surrounding structures. The synovial fluid produced by the synovial membrane lubricates the knee joint. The capsule itself is strengthened by the surrounding ligaments.
Cartilage in the knees -
Cartilage covers up the knee joint's ends thus keeping the bones from rubbing together and creating friction. This makes cartilage critical to keeping the knees pain-free when one is running, walking bending or squatting. There are two types of cartilage in the knee joint. Meniscus cartilage makes up the crescent-shaped disks on the inside and outside of the knee between the femur and tibia. Meniscus cartilage works like a shock absorber, providing cushion to the joint when walking to running. Joint or articular cartilage covers the bones of the knee, making smooth and friction free movement.
Torn or damage cartilage is not just a problem for the sportsmen. It can occur to anyone. It is generally caused due to a direct hit on the body parts. Its treatment is far more complicated than a simple bone injury. The best sign to know whether or not you have injured your cartilage is to check out your activities. If you have hurt your joint and don’t notice major symptoms, like if you are still capable of putting weight on and move the joint, you might have had a cartilage injury. It doesn’t hurt you a lot in the beginning, but might get worse later.
Here are the initial care and self-treatment procedure:
If there is an unbearable pain, take painkillers such as paracetamol or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). If your condition doesn’t improve after the initial therapy, you must consult a doctor immediately.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Exercising outdoors is fun and refreshing in its own way. An early morning jog or doing pull ups on the goal post are fun ways of working out. Summers are usually the best time to take your workouts outside, as it decreases stress levels and revitalizes your body. It is also a good method to increase vitamin D levels in the body as the body is exposed to the sun.
In spite of this, there are some disadvantages of taking your workout outside. Let's focus on them:
1.Chances of accidents go up
It is very common to see people jogging on the road with their headphones plugged in. Incidents of joggers being hit by cars are fairly common, due to the fact that they are unable to hear the honking of a car or may change course along the road without realizing a vehicle is nearby.
2.Too much exposure to the sun
Long distance runners are mostly affected as they log plenty of miles. This can lead to ultraviolet ray exposure which increases the risk of skin cancer. It can also lead to sunburns and tanning of the skin. It is also known to suppress immune system and increase the risk of various infectious diseases.
Working outdoors increases your chances of injuries. Running on hard surfaces tends to cause damage your calf, hamstrings and thighs. It can put more stress on your knee, calf and cause various problems such as runner's knee and shin splints.
4.Difficult to find Help
If you suffer from a serious injury while exercising outside, then it may be difficult to find help. If you injure a joint and are unable to walk, then it may be a problem in getting you proper treatment. This delay in treatment may cause the injury to aggravate.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!