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Knee Injuries Tips

Workout Injuries - Prevention And Treatment!

Dr. Gholam Sarwar 88% (10 ratings)
BPTh/BPT, P.N.F approach for Sport
Physiotherapist, Delhi
Workout Injuries - Prevention And Treatment!

For a sportsman, coming face to face with sports injury is no big deal. But what is important is that he/she gets the correct treatment in order to recover fast and get back to the field, giving their best performance in their field of sports. With regular medical check ups, physiotherapy sessions, training sessions, exercises and gymnasium sessions, sports injuries are treated effectively. However, all variants of a treatment may not fit with all kinds of injuries. Thus, treatments are always injury-specific for a more effective progression.

Here are some of the most common sports injuries and their most effective treatments as prescribed by sports specialists.

  1. Ankle sprainAnkle sprains are common among sportsmen and sportswomen when the ligaments of their ankles tear. Such injuries are very common, but also unfortunately, extremely painful and demand a lot of recovery time. With such an injury, even though they are advised bed rest, it is important to continue with some kinds of exercises. This would help in preventing the stamina and muscle strength in your ankles. It would also help you to recover fast.
  2. Knee injuryAnother very common form of sports injury is the knee injury where one can experience excruciating pain. Although, proper rest and exercises heal most injuries in a month or two; those that are serious might even need a surgery.
  3. Tennis elbowTears in the tendons of the elbow due to its recurring use can cause tennis elbow. It has a natural healing process with just a few exercises. In fact, it is recommended you give proper rest to the elbow so that it can heal faster. Even after healing, to avoid chances of recurring tennis elbow, stress should be lowered in this part of the body.
  4. Hamstring Strain: Hamstring is that part of the body, which is formed by three muscles behind your thigh. Hamstring is mostly a forgotten part of the body and one hardly remembers it. But, it is very prone to sprains and injuries, if exercises involving the hamstring are not carried out properly. In fact, there are specific exercises pertaining to hamstring, which are performed to prevent it from injuries. Hamstring injuries have a very long recovery period. It might actually take up to a year for full recovery because it experiences constant pressure when you walk, letting it heal slowly. Thus, incorporating hamstring exercises in your daily routine would help in faster healing of such injuries.

These are some of the most common types of sports injuries and the methods of treating them as recommended by medical practitioners.

2 people found this helpful

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear - What Happens In Case Of It?

Dr. Pardeep Bageja 88% (10 ratings)
DNB - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Delhi
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear - What Happens In Case Of It?

The Anterior Cruciate Ligament or ACL tear is a very common problem with athletes and with people who have an active lifestyle. In fact, this can also be caused by any accident due to sudden movement.

Importance of ACL

The ACL is the supporting ligament, which runs diagonally from back to front right in the middle of the knee, connecting the femur bone and the tibia, and helps the tibia not to come before the femur. Thus the balance of the knee during back and forth movements and the entire stability of the knee joint is secured by this very important piece of ligament.

What leads to an injury to the ACL?

Here are a few actions that may result in a ligament tear.

  1. Sudden stopping while running or slowing down from a fast speed

  2. Sudden change in direction

  3. Uncontrolled jumping from a height

  4. Direct hitting with an object or person

What happens when the ACL is torn?

If the ACL is torn, the stability of your knee is gone, and you feel as if you have no control over the joint. Moreover, it causes extreme pain and instant swelling. Swelling usually appears within 24 hours of the injury.

Treatment of ACL Injury-

Recovery from an ACL tear is possible only after a surgery. Without surgery, the affected will not be able to return to sports or athletics, or may not be able to run and make swift movements again as before. However, to avoid surgery, there are non-invasive treatments for the aged and people who require moving less.

  • Non-invasive Treatment: Bracing is one treatment where braces are given to support the knee joint during movement and also to avoid further injury. This is effective for the elderly who need minimum movement and may manage daily activities with a braced knee. Also, crutches add to the support and let the weaker knee get rest. This is followed by physical therapy. But the swelling has to reduce before starting it. Many exercises and controlled movements over a long time help in getting back agility in movement gradually.

  • Surgical Treatment: Once the swelling subsides, doctors would plan for an Arthroscopic (Key-Hole Surgery) ACL reconstruction. In this Doctor make a graft of a tendon. This graft is inserted into the joint and fixed in anatomical position in femur and tibia Arthroscopically so that the newly created ACL functions like the natural one. This is the only way to get back the ligament in whole as the torn ligament cannot be stitched. Surgery is done through arthroscope and recovery time is 15 days for resuming day to day activities and 3 to 6 month for resuming sports activities with continued physical therapy after the surgery.
2 people found this helpful

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury - How Can Physical Therapy Help You?

Dr. Aneeta Verma 91% (10 ratings)
Wellness Diploma, MBA (Healthcare), BPTh/BPT, Post Graduate Specialization In Preventive Health Care
Physiotherapist, Noida
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury - How Can Physical Therapy Help You?

In general, anterior cruciate ligament injuries or ACL injuries, are understood as tears in any of the several knee ligaments joining the upper leg bone and the lower leg bone. This can vary from minor injuries, such as small ligament tears, to more serious cases like complete tears or when the ligament and one of the bones gets displaced from the other. These injuries usually occur during sports activities, like soccer, basketball, football, gymnastics, tennis, volleyball, etc. An untreated ACL injury can lead to a condition called an ACL deficiency. This can cause a lot of problems with regard to knee movements as the bones may rub against each other, causing a lot of pain. In some cases, the cartilage covering the ends of the bones may get damaged, eventually tearing and trapping the cushion pads supporting the knee joints.

Symptoms:
Signs and symptoms of anterior cruciate ligament may include:

  1. You are unable to move properly.
  2. You experience immense pain while walking up and down stairs.
  3. You are unable to engage much in physical activities.
  4. Your knee begins to swell gradually.
  5. You can sense a loud popping sensation when moving your knee.
  6. You experience feelings of instability.

Causes:
Anterior cruciate ligament injuries generally occur during sports. Here are some common possible instances that might happen during a game:

  1. Sudden arrest in motion
  2. An unsteady landing from a jump
  3. Direct blows to the knee from tackles
  4. Sudden shifts in direction

Treatment:
Treatment of ACL injuries normally involves the following:
1. Immediate medical attention along with intense first aid care
2. Sincere adherence to the R.I.C.E model of self care

  • Rest: proper rest for a couple of weeks or months depending upon the severity of the injury
  • Ice: using ice packs to help cool the nerves
  • Compression: ice treatment further helps in compression
  • Elevation: when lying down in bed, it is strongly recommended that you keep your affected leg at a slightly higher position, through the use of pillows or cushions

3. Success rehabilitative therapy for several weeks
4. Anterior cruciate ligament surgery or reconstruction

3848 people found this helpful

Knee Replacement Surgery - Understanding The Implants Used In It!

DNB, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Feloship In Joint Replacement
Orthopedist, Mumbai
Knee Replacement Surgery - Understanding The Implants Used In It!

Knee replacement is a procedure in which artificial implants are inserted into the knee to replace the parts involved in carrying weight. A knee replacement surgery can be required for a number of reasons. Several forms of arthritis may be responsible. Psoriatic and rheumatoid arthritis are among the common causes, especially in people above certain age bracket. Moreover, injuries sustained and trauma received in the cartilages and ligaments may be a major reason why you have to avail knee replacement surgery.

A lot of care has to be taken after surgery to restore the health and walking abilities of the patient. In most cases, walking aids like crutches are preferred. By about 6 weeks after surgery, the patient returns to normalcy.

Implants in knee replacement:

Implants are used in surgical procedures to replace several parts of an injured knee. There are different types of implants, and the one that will be your best fit depends on:

• Your age and weight
• Your medical history
• The amount of physical activity you get every day, and whether you have physical stress in your daily routine.
• Your gender

Types of implants:

The different types of implants used when total replacement of the human knee is required are:

1. Posterior stabilized designs: these designs are used as a replacement for the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) of the knee. These implants do not let the bone of the thigh slide forward too much on the bone of the shin when your knee is bent.
2. Cruciate-retaining designs: this variety is also used in support of the posterior cruciate ligament. However, there is a key difference between the use of this one and other implants that are used when the PCL is completely debilitated. In this case, the PCL of the receiving patient must be in solid enough shape to offer support to the knee joint.
3. Bi-cruciate retaining designs: in these implants, neither of the anterior or posterior cruciate ligaments of the knee is disposed of. Both of them are retained, along with the implant that is new and artificially introduced. The major difference it has with respect to the other implants is that it gives a natural feel to the knee.
4. Uni-compartmental implants: this is the substitution of just one side or part of the knee by implants, instead of the whole knee. It is a partial procedure, used surgically on people who do not have total and extensive knee damage.

The knees are indispensable to the human body because they work to bear its entire weight and make walking possible. However, sometimes the knee is impaired enough to warrant a total replacement, due to a number of reasons like disease or injury. Varied sorts of implants are used in such cases, tailored to meet the specific needs of the patient body.

2 people found this helpful

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury - What Should You Know?

Dr. Sunil Kumar Dash 88% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Orthopedics, Fellowship, Depuy Joint Replacement
Orthopedist, Bhubaneswar
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury - What Should You Know?

In general, anterior cruciate ligament injuries or ACL injuries, are understood as tears in any of the several knee ligaments joining the upper leg bone and the lower leg bone. This can vary from minor injuries, such as small ligament tears, to more serious cases like complete tears or when the ligament and one of the bones gets displaced from the other.

These injuries usually occur during sports activities, like soccer, basketball, football, gymnastics, tennis, volleyball, etc. An untreated ACL injury can lead to a condition called an ACL deficiency. This can cause a lot of problems with regard to knee movements as the bones may rub against each other, causing a lot of pain.

In some cases, the cartilage covering the ends of the bones may get damaged, eventually tearing and trapping the cushion pads supporting the knee joints.

Symptoms:
Signs and symptoms of anterior cruciate ligament may include:

  1. You are unable to move properly.
  2. You experience immense pain while walking up and down stairs.
  3. You are unable to engage much in physical activities.
  4. Your knee begins to swell gradually.
  5. You can sense a loud popping sensation when moving your knee.
  6. You experience feelings of instability.

Causes:
Anterior cruciate ligament injuries generally occur during sports. Here are some common possible instances that might happen during a game:

  1. Sudden arrest in motion
  2. An unsteady landing from a jump
  3. Direct blows to the knee from tackles
  4. Sudden shifts in direction

Treatment:
Treatment of ACL injuries normally involves the following:
1. Immediate medical attention along with intense first aid care
2. Sincere adherence to the R.I.C.E model of self care

  • Rest: proper rest for a couple of weeks or months depending upon the severity of the injury
  • Ice: using ice packs to help cool the nerves
  • Compression: ice treatment further helps in compression
  • Elevation: when lying down in bed, it is strongly recommended that you keep your affected leg at a slightly higher position, through the use of pillows or cushions

3. Success rehabilitative therapy for several weeks
4. Anterior cruciate ligament surgery or reconstruction

Know The Benefits Of Knee Replacement Surgery!

DNB, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Feloship In Joint Replacement
Orthopedist, Mumbai
Know The Benefits Of Knee Replacement Surgery!

Patients with joint problems find it difficult to perform daily activities effectively, such as Walking or Climbing stairs. They may also feel pain while sitting or lying down. For such patients, Knee Replacement can be a helpful option.

Knee Replacement Surgery is one of the safest and most effective methods for people with knee problems to provide relief from pain, correct leg deformity, and perform normal activities effectively. A Knee Replacement Surgery is also beneficial for patients with severely damaged Knee because of Arthritis or an injury.

What is Knee Replacement Surgery?

Knee Replacement is medically termed as Knee Arthroplasty. Knee Replacement Surgery is a process of restoring the weight-bearing facade of a damaged, worn, or diseased knee joint. In this surgery, a damaged part of the knee is replaced with a metal or plastic part that duplicates the function of the knee. It aims to provide relief from pain and inflammation.

Situations in Which Knee Replacement Surgery Could be Recommended -

  • Problem in performing normal physical activities due to Acute Pain in Knee or Stiff Knee. Tasks like walking, getting off chair, stair climbing, and going in and out of car is troublesome.

  • Chronic knee inflammation and swelling that does not improve after taking medications or resting.

  • Moderate but continuous knee pain that continues while sleeping or resting.

  • Depression, resulting from an inability to carry out daily or social activities.

  • Knee deformity, where there is a noticeable arch on the inside or outside of the knee area.

Above symptoms are normally observed in patients suffering from one or more of the following:


Benefits Of Knee Replacement Surgery

1. Long-Term Relief

Knee Replacement Surgery is one of the most successful ways to treat knee problems. For most patients, Knee Replacement Surgery may be helpful in providing pain relief, improved mobility, and a better quality of life. Most of the Knee Replacements can benefit for more than 15 years.

2. Quick Recovery

After three to six weeks of Knee Replacement Surgery, one can efficiently perform their normal activities such as Walking, Shopping, Light Housekeeping. Within a few weeks, some patients may also resume Driving after the surgery.

3. No More Pain

Knee Replacement Surgery strengthens the muscles and provides relief from pain and inflammation.

Some other advantages of Knee Replacement Surgery are:

  • Immediate relief from chronic and debilitating knee pain

  • Relatively short recovery period

  • Full range of motion regained

  • Renewed ability to perform routine tasks

  • Renewed ability to exercise and thereby enhance overall health

Every year, over 6 million Knee Replacement surgeries are carried out in the United States. Most of the patients are aged between 50- 80 years. Over 90 percent of patients experience pain relief and mobility after Knee Replacement Surgery.

The benefits of this surgery outweigh the temporary discomfort that lasts for initial few weeks. 

3553 people found this helpful

Knee Injuries - Risk Factors And Treatment!

DNB, MBBS, Fellowship in Joint Replacement
Orthopedist, Zirakpur
Knee Injuries - Risk Factors And Treatment!

Knee injury can occur from the direct blow as well as through stretching and twisting injuries. At times the ligament that holds the knee in place gets stressed and results in sprains. Depending on the extent of the ligament and fibre damage, the sprains are graded. Then there are knee injuries that are caused by overuse of it. These injuries cause harm to the tendons and the muscles. Since the knee is interconnected to a lot of other structures, any damage to the knee can have serious repercussion to other connected bones and ligaments.

What are the Risk Factors?

1. Muscle imbalance leading to hamstring spasm.

2. Imbalance of the thigh muscle leading to injury of the knee.

3. Pregnant women and people who are overweight are at increased risk of  knee injury

Signs and Symptoms of a Knee Injury:

Knee injuries that are serious in nature can result in instant swelling along with difficulty in bending it. People may find it difficult to bear any sort of weight whatsoever. Joint pain, swelling, inflammation of the muscles are some of the other symptoms of injury to the knee. Pain, instability, locking of the knee can be felt while walking fast or climbing stairs.

When to Contact a Doctor?

Any knee injury should be instantly reported to a doctor. Signs such as deformity, loss of sensation, cold ankle, swelling of knee etc. are signs of a knee injury. A doctor should be consulted, if home remedies such as rest, elevation, compression and ice treatment fail to fetch any fruitful results. If the swollen area has become warm and red and accompanies fever, it is a sign to visit the doctor.

How is a Knee Injury Diagnosed by a Doctor?

A doctor starts the diagnosis with medical history along with physical exam of the patient. Doctor first does a thorough inspection of the nerve and blood supply of the area.The next step of the diagnosis includes palpation. This is a step where the doctor tries to find out the exact location of the pain and tries to correlate the same with the injury location. The doctor might also stress the ligament in order to find out if they are fine. Other imagery tests such as X-ray and MRI are performed to find out the exact location of the injury.

Treatment Available-

The nature of the injury decides the treatment plan. In many cases, the injured area is suggested to be kept at rest or moved in the specific direction as per the direction of a physiotherapist. For serious injuries with a tendon or ligament injury, a reconstructive surgery is necessary to get the knee to the original condition. The type of surgical procedure depends on the kind of Injury one have faced.

Knee Ligament Reconstruction - All You Should Know!

Dr. Pranjal Kodkani 88% (22 ratings)
M S Ortho, D - Ortho, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Orthopedist, Mumbai
Knee Ligament Reconstruction - All You Should Know!

The ligaments in our legs provide support and help us to carry out our regular activities in a very favourable manner. But when these ligaments are damaged, it becomes difficult to do them. Your knee can become weak and unstable when the elastic and flexible connective tissues receive damage due to different reasons.

Mostly these type of injuries occurs while playing any kind of sport or doing an physically intensive work. When the ligaments are injured, you will not be able to move, twist or place your legs as you want. Undergoing a surgery is the last option in these scenarios if the patient wants a stable and full recovery.

Why do You Need Knee Ligament Reconstruction?

Knee Ligament repair is very much important when a person has received any kind of damage to their ligament because of any accident or intensive injury. When a person receives a torn knee, as we mentioned before, he or she will be unable to carry out normal activities. The kneecap may give away and fail to provide support. The surgery to correct this ligament requires a full replacement of the ligament with a healthy tendon.

If one approaches a specialist in these conditions in the early stage, then repairs of these ligaments can be done to restore them back to normal. However, if these are neglected and one approaches the doctor late, then one may require ligament reconstruction.

If the Knee ligament reconstruction is not conducted within a given span of time, it can really cause serious problems to they normal lifestyle of the individual. In this process, a tendon from the persons kneecap is grafted in position to hold the knee together. The graft of the tendon may be of the same person or from a donor.

Benefits - Once the knee reconstruction process has been done, the person will be able to come back to his daily activities once again. But the recovery from postoperative period will take about 3-4 weeks. The knee will take some time to regain and hold back the strength once again. Recovering from an injured knee helps you to regain your physical abilities once again and enables you to carry out your activities in the long run. Your overall physical posture and strength is regained as well.

It is best advised to get the procedure done with a surgeon specialised in the procedure since these are intricate and specialised surgeries which require precise management. If the treatment is not carried out in a precise and complete manner, then the procedures are likely to fail. In presence of a ligament injury, the surgeons skill at assessment and executing the surgery plays a very important role in deciding the management. Performing the surgery with minimally invasive means like arthroscopy helps in faster and better recovery.

4496 people found this helpful

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear - Ways To Recover From It!

MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS, Joint Replacement & Sports Medicine Fellowship
Orthopedist, Jaipur
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear - Ways To Recover From It!

The Anterior Cruciate Ligament or ACL tear is a very common problem with athletes and with people who have an active lifestyle. In fact, this can also be caused by any accident due to sudden movement.

Importance of ACL-

The ACL is the supporting ligament, which runs diagonally from back to front right in the middle of the knee, connecting the femur bone and the tibia, and helps the tibia not to come before the femur. Thus the balance of the knee during back and forth movements and the entire stability of the knee joint is secured by this very important piece of ligament.

What leads to an injury to the ACL?

Here are a few actions that may result in a ligament tear.

  1. Sudden stopping while running or slowing down from a fast speed

  2. Sudden change in direction

  3. Uncontrolled jumping from a height

  4. Direct hitting with an object or person

What happens when the ACL is torn?

If the ACL is torn, the stability of your knee is gone, and you feel as if you have no control over the joint. Moreover, it causes extreme pain and instant swelling. Swelling usually appears within 24 hours of the injury.

Treatment of ACL Injury-

Recovery from an ACL tear is possible only after a surgery. Without surgery, the affected will not be able to return to sports or athletics, or may not be able to run and make swift movements again as before. However, to avoid surgery, there are non-invasive treatments for the aged and people who require moving less.

  • Non-invasive Treatment: Bracing is one treatment where braces are given to support the knee joint during movement and also to avoid further injury. This is effective for the elderly who need minimum movement and may manage daily activities with a braced knee. Also, crutches add to the support and let the weaker knee get rest. This is followed by physical therapy. But the swelling has to reduce before starting it. Many exercises and controlled movements over a long time help in getting back agility in movement gradually.

  • Surgical Treatment: Once the swelling subsides, doctors would plan for an Arthroscopic (Key-Hole Surgery) ACL reconstruction. In this Doctor make a graft of a tendon. This graft is inserted into the joint and fixed in anatomical position in femur and tibia Arthroscopically so that the newly created ACL functions like the natural one. This is the only way to get back the ligament in whole as the torn ligament cannot be stitched. Surgery is done through arthroscope and recovery time is 15 days for resuming day to day activities and 3 to 6 month for resuming sports activities with continued physical therapy after the surgery.
2598 people found this helpful

Injuries - How To Cure It?

MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Injuries - How To Cure It?

What is Injury?

Injury is any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc

Symptoms of Injuries-

  • Loss of consciousness
  • Difficulty with speaking, seeing, hearing, walking, or understanding.
  • Irritability
  • Severe headache
  • Vomiting

Causes of Injuries-

  • Medication side effects
  • cuts from broken glass, knives, scissors or axes
  • Chronic headaches
  • Accidents
  • Falls from cots, windows, tables and stairs
  • Loss of or change in sensation, hearing, vision, taste, or smell
  • Paralysis
  • Speech and language problems

Risk factors of Injuries-

  • Use of alcohol
  • Headaches
  • use of illicit drugs
  • Road Accidents

Complications of Injuries-

  • Permanent disability
  • Brain damage
  • Death 

Diagnosis of Injuries-

In diagnosis of injuries, doctor may ask some question about the accident. If Injury is severe then certain test are needed such as X–ray. Basically different tests are depending upon the different type of injuries. For example in Brain injury CT scan and MRI are also needed.

Precautions & Prevention of Injuries-

  • To reduce the risk of injury, warm up before engaging in sports and other physical activities.
  • Children with bicycles should be trained in road safety.
  • first aid measures should be taken to prevent worsening of the situation
  • Wear comfortable shoes and avoid high heels, this can reduce the risk of twisting an ankle or falling.
  • Children should not play near the road

Treatment of Injuries-

  • Homeopathic Treatment of Injuries
  • Acupuncture Treatment of Injuries
  • Psychotherapy Treatment of Injuries
  • Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Injuries
  • Surgical Treatment of Injuries
  • Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Injuries
  • Other Treatment of Injuries

Homeopathic Treatment of Injuries-

Homeopathic remedies are useful for injuries to the body as from falls,  accidents, surgery, etc. It has excellent response in treatment of both acute and chronic injuries. They are also used to treat the pain, soreness and other complications. Below are some of the homeopathic remedies for injuries.

  • Aconitum napellus
  • Arnica
  • Calcarea phosphorica
  • Hypericum
  • Bellis perennis
  • Rhus Tox
  • Ruta
  • Symphytum

Acupuncture and Acupressure Treatment of Injuries-

Acupuncture helps to trigger the immune system to help injuries heal. It is an excellent for helping recovery from injuries and improving aches and pain..Acupuncture works directly to free the flow of vital energy through the areas of stagnation.

Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Injuries-

In psychotherapy treatment, family provides social support for the patient by being involved in the rehabilitation program. Psychotherapy may help in assisting people adjusting to loss and grief following brain injury. Hypnotherapy can be used to treat psychological impact of injury and remove any fear or other negative emotions.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Injuries-

Allopathic Treatment of Injuries depends on the area and harshness of the injury. Serious injuries would require more intensive therapy, whereas more minor conditions are treated symptomatically.

Surgical Treatment of Injuries-

There are several types of injuries and the surgical treatment depends upon the condition of the patient. Surgery can be of head injury, leg injury, and knee injury and so on.

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Injuries-

  • Eat a low carbohydrate diet
  • Diet rich in fruits and vegetables
  • Diet high in Omega 3 fatty acids such as fish

Other Treatment of Injuries-

Exercise helps in improving your strength, balance, coordination and flexibility and thus reduces the chances of injuries.

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