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Knee Injuries Tips

Orthopedic Doctor in Gurgaon!

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 87% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri

Is that stiffness in joints taking a toll on your daily activity like walking, exercise. These best orthopedic doctors in Gurgaon, can help in getting your life back on track by treating any kind of join or muscle related surgeries or disorders. Here is the list of best orthopedic doctors and surgeons in Gurgaon:

1. Dr. Himanshu Gupta

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship in Interventional Pain Practice(FIPP), Fellow Adult Knee Reconstruction and Sports Injuries

Consultation fees: ₹400 - 1000

Dr. Himanshu is a well experienced orthopedic surgeon with 16 years of practice. He specialises in knee reconstruction and sports injuries. His other areas of interest are arthroscopic surgery along with interventional spine & pain treatments. He has successfully done more than 4500 spine interventions,  including lumbar ,sacral & cervical areas which are considered to be complicated and tricky. He is currently associated with Nivaran Pain Relief Centre in Sector-41, Gurgaon & Fortis Escorts Heart Institute & Research Centre - Okhla Road, Delhi.

2. Dr. Sanjay kapoor

MBBS, Diploma in Orthopaedics, MS - Orthopaedics

Consultation fees: ₹500

Dr. Sanjay Kapoor is a senior consultant. He is specialised as Joint Replacement & Sports Injury Surgeon. Hw currently practices as Managing Director at K.K Healthcare Centre, Gurgaon. His areas of keen interest are Hip Replacement, Knee Replacement and Spine treatment like Laminectomy, Disc Removal, Nerve Decompression. He has successfully operated more than 10000+ patients for knee and hip surgery from across the globe. He is a recipient of Global Health Care Excellence Award 2014 for best Orthopaedic Surgeon in Gurgaon Haryana.

3. Dr. Akhlaq Ahmed

Diploma In Orthopaedics, MBBS

Consultation fees: ₹500

With more than 48 years of experience he is a popular name in Gurgaon, when it comes to orthopedists fraternity. Dr. Ahmed specialises in orthopaedics, paediatric orthopaedics, treatment of spine related problems, spine & joint replacement surgery. He has also done fellowship in minimal access surgery.  He is also  associated with Indian Orthopaedic Association and International Society for Knowledge for Surgeons on Arthroscopy and Arthroplasty. He currently practices at Ahmed Hospital. 

4. Dr. Gurinder Bedi

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, DNB, FRCS - General Surgery & Trauma & Orthopedic Surgery, CCST - Internal Medicine

Consultation fees: ₹1000 

Dr. Bedi has 30 years of national & international experience. He has worked for 12 years in England. Currently he is director of Orthopaedic department at Fortis Hospital, Vasant Kunj. Previously he was associated with some of the prestigious hospitals like MAX, Primus and Sitaram Bhartiya Hospital. His special interest areas are joint replacement, arthroscopy and treatment of diabetic foot. He is also associated with many prestigious institutes and medical associations.

5. Dr. Vikas Gupta

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, Hand Surgery Fellowship

Consultation fees: ₹1000- 1500

Dr. Vikas Gupta a well known name in the field of orthopedist, has more than 27 years of experience. He is currently associated with Max Hospital in Sushant Lok I, Gurgaon and Max Smart Super speciality Hospital in Saket, Delhi and Hand 2 Shoulder Clinic, GK -1 Delhi. His area of speciality are hand and shoulder surgery. He was the first surgeon to perform wrist replacement (Ceramic on ceramic) in India and has successfully performed over 6000 complex hand upper & extremity surgeries.

6. Dr. Prince Gupta

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Orthopaedics

Consultation fees: ₹400 - 700

Dr Prince Gupta is an experienced joint and spine surgeon who is practicing in Gurgaon. He is practicing for more than 12 years. He is skilled in joint replacement surgeries like knee replacement, hip replacement, shoulder replacement and elbow replacement surgeries. Apart from joint surgeries he also specialises in performing orthopaedic spine surgeries using the best techniques as per the international standards. He has worked with some of the best hospitals in Gurgaon and Delhi like  Artemis Hospital, Fortis Hospital and Sir Ganga Ram Hospital. 

7. Dr. O P Gupta

M.B.B.S, M.S. (Ortho)

Consultation fees: ₹500 - 900

Dr. Gupta is a senior consultant in Orthopaedics, Spine & Joints. He specialises in  Spine Surgery. In 14 years of his practice he has done more than 3000 Orthopedic and Spine surgeries in India and abroad. He has done extensive training in all aspect of spinal surgery. He currently practices at Khushansh Clinic, Gurgaon and Max Smart Superspeciality Hospital, Delhi.

8. Dr. Akram Jawed

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship in Shoulder Surgery

Consultation fees: ₹500 - 900

Dr. Akram Jawed is amongst the best experienced orthopedic surgeons in Gurgaon with 8 years of experience. He has done some special courses like Advance course in trauma management (2013), Advance course on Periarticular plating (2013), Principles of Fracture Fixation (2009) and National Trauma Management Course (2011). He currently practices at consultant in orthopaedics at Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket and Med Harbour Family Clinic Gurgaon. He is also the director of Mobility Clinic.

9. Dr. Ashok Rajgopal

FRCS, MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS

Consultation fees: ₹1200

Dr. Ashok is best orthopaedic surgeon. He is a pioneer of many advancement of knee surgeries and has many accomplishments in his field like successfully completing 28 Total Knee Replacement surgeries in under 12 hours. In 40 years of his experience he has more than 25,000 Total Knee Replacement surgeries. He is the first orthopaedic surgeon in India who has carried virtual total knee replacement employing patient-specific instruments. He is a recipient of PadmaShri recipient. He currently heads bone and joint clinic- Fortis Hospital. 

10. Dr. Ankit Bhartia

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship in Arthroscopy and Joint replacement of Knee and Shoulder

Consultation fees: ₹400

Dr. Ankit Bhartia is an experienced Orthopedist  with 9 years of career. His areas of keen interest are Knee Replacement, Hip Replacement, Arthroscopic Surgery, Spine Surgery and Pediatric Orthopaedics. He currently practices at ''Sparsh - Orthopaedics and Sports Injury Centre'' , which is his own clinic and is also the ''Managing Director''  there. He is a member of many Indian and international associations.

Torn Cartilage - Most Effective Ways To Manage It!

Dr. Anant Singh 87% (10 ratings)
MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Dehradun
Torn Cartilage - Most Effective Ways To Manage It!

Torn or damage cartilage is not just a problem for the sportsmen. It can occur to anyone. It is generally caused due to a direct hit on the body parts. Its treatment is far more complicated than a simple bone injury. The best sign to know whether or not you have injured your cartilage is to check out your activities. If you have hurt your joint and don’t notice major symptoms, like if you are still capable of putting weight on and move the joint, you might have had a cartilage injury. It doesn’t hurt you a lot in the beginning, but might get worse later. 

Here are the initial care and self-treatment procedure: 

  1. Protection: It is the first thing that has to be kept in mind. You must protect the affected area from any further injury. Thus, providing an external support, for example, use a knee brace. 
  2. Rest: Provide complete rest to the affected joint. The rest is must during the first two or three days. Crutches may help the situation if you’ve got an injury around your knee or ankle. It is then advisable to return back to light activity over the next few days or weeks, as prescribed by the doctor. 
  3. Ice: It is best to apply an ice pack to the injured area for about 15 to 20 minutes in every two to three hours. This must be repeated in the first two to three days. 
  4. Compression: Use a bandage to provide the needed compression to the injured area to avoid any swelling and movement. This will not let things go beyond control. 
  5. Elevation: You must keep the injured area raised. Keep it supported on a pillow to reduce swelling. 

If there is an unbearable pain, take painkillers such as paracetamol or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). If your condition doesn’t improve after the initial therapy, you must consult a doctor immediately. 

  1. Physiotherapy: It can be helpful in treating the affected joint. If there is any difficulty in moving the affected joint, you must opt for physiotherapy. A professional will be able to teach you exercises that will strengthen your muscles and provide support to the joint. This will help you in getting rid of the pain. It can be also beneficial at a time when you are recovering from any surgical procedure. 
  2. Surgery: If physiotherapy doesn’t work, it means you have severe cartilage damage. In that case, you might be advised to take up surgical procedures to set things in proper shape. Surgery is done either by opening the joint or by Arthroscopy. There are various types of surgery which can be done. 1st the old and successful surgery wherein damaged part of the cartilage is debrided and filled with normal cartilage from the non-weight bearing part of the joint. 2nd is ACI (Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation) is a 2 stage procedure wherein chondrocyte is grown using stem cell and implanted in defect part in 2nd stage. 3rd is multiple drilling of the area usually done in children.
4048 people found this helpful

Articular Cartilage Injury - Know Its Causes and Treatment Options!

Dr. Pranjal Kodkani 87% (21 ratings)
M S Ortho, D - Ortho, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Orthopedist, Mumbai
Articular Cartilage Injury - Know Its Causes and Treatment Options!

What is Articular Cartilage Injury? 
Cartilage is an important structural unit of the body. It is present in places like the joints, the spine, the end of ribs, in the bronchial tubes, and the ear and the nose. Cartilages are firm, but flexible tissues. There are many types of cartilages found in the body. Among them articular cartilages are the ones that are present on the surface of the bones. As the name suggests articular cartilages exist to render articulation to the bones and retain their lubrication. Complexities arise when these cartilages are damaged, behind which many causes can play an active role. For example, a sport injury can damage the cartilages around the knees. Other causes include the twisting of the Anterior cruciate ligament and a progressive knee injury. Articular Cartilage Injury can also be an isolated event. 

Since there are no blood vessels in the cartilages, it takes quite long for them to heal. Symptoms Pain and inflammation of the knee Locking of the knee Generation of noises when the knee is moved 

The best treatment option for damaged cartilages is RICE therapy if the injury is not too severe. rice can be broken down into Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation. 

  1. Rest: One needs to rest the affected area in order to prevent further injury. However, Rest does not indicate complete immobility. One needs to put as much strain as is within one’s capacity. 
  2. Ice: Ice must be applied on the affected area every 15 minutes following injury for at least 48 hours. Ice works as a vasoconstrictor, as well as a pain reliever. 
  3. Compression: The next step is wrapping a bandage around the affected area. But it is to be remembered that the compression must not be too tight. Compression reduces inflammation and it also safeguards the joint from injury. Professional help might be sought to properly bandage the area. 
  4. Elevation: After the area has been bound well, the leg has to be raised to prevent the fluid from accumulating in the affected area. The leg must remain in that position for as long as the doctor recommends. 
  5. Ibuprofen or pain killers might be prescribed to the patient. 

For severe cases, interventional methods like osteochondritis dissecans surgery might be attempted. The objective of this surgery is to attach the detached fragment. Another surgery that works to restore the damaged cartilage is marrow stem cell transplant whereby the stem cell is implanted in the cartilage defect. Multiple arthroscopic modalities of treatment are now available for cartilage repair which are customised according to the specific condition.

4325 people found this helpful

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury- Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

Dr. P. Sharat Kumar 90% (109 ratings)
FFSEM, MFSEM, DIP - SEM GB & I, MCh - Orthopaedics, MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury- Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

The Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is an important ligament that gives stability to the knees. An injury to this ligament can result in a host of complications and discomfort. Children or adults who are into sports such as gymnastics, volleyball, tennis, basketball, soccer, football, often injure this ligament. As per various studies and surveys, ACL injury is more likely to affect female athletes as compared to their male counterparts.

Depending on the severity and extent of the damage, an Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury may be ranked on a grade of 3.

  1. Grade 1 sprains indicate a mild injury or stretching of the ligament, seldom affecting the stability of the knees.
  2. Grade 2 sprains are indicative of a partial ligament tear (the ligament loosen up). The damage is still under control.
  3. Grade 3 sprains are extensive and severe, indicating a complete ligament tear (the ligament often breaks in two pieces). With a complete ligament tear, the stability of the knee is also affected (the knee becomes highly unstable).

What causes Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury?
While a host of sports activities mentioned above increases the risk of the injury, a person may also suffer a partial or a complete anterior cruciate ligament tear under the following situations.

  • A jump down a ladder, a tree, or a wall. An incorrect jump or a landing may be equally responsible for the ligament tear.
  • A collision or a hit, especially on the knee (while playing football).
  • Slowing down suddenly while still in running motion. A person suddenly stopping or missing a step can also injure the ligament.

Symptoms associated with ACL injury

  • An excruciating pain (especially in the back and outside of the knee) is often seen in people with a complete ligament tear (the movement is yet not affected). However, within a few hours, there may a swelling around the knee, indicating the severity of the injury with internal bleeding within the knee joints.
  • There may be restricted knee movement. The knee also feels unstable, further limiting the movement.
  • Sometimes a pop in the knee can be heard just at the time of the ACL injury.
  • Prolonged ACL injury left unattended can result in a painful complication such as knee osteoarthritis.

To diagnose the extent of the damage, the doctor may suggest

  • Physical examination, including a quick brief about the case history.
  • Imaging tests such as X-rays and MRI can go a long way to analyze the ligament injury.
  • In the case of extensive swelling of the knees, the doctor may carry out an arthroscopy to have a closer look inside of the knee.

An accurate and timely diagnosis is important to avoid the aggravation of the injury. In the case of swelling and knee pain, consult a doctor, and get yourself thoroughly examined.

5257 people found this helpful

Knee Replacement Surgery Cost

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 87% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Knee Replacement Surgery Cost

What is a Knee Replacement?

Knee replacement or arthroplasty is an operation, in which damaged or diseased knee joints are replaced with artificial joints. Damaged knee causes a lot of stiffness and pain resulting in reduced mobility. Knee replacement is a major surgery and is considered as the last option if other treatments like physiotherapy or steroid injections aren’t giving the desired results.

Knee replacement surgeries can be of two types- total knee replacement (TKR) when both sides of knee joints are replaced and partial (half) knee replacement (PKR) when only one side of the joint is replaced. Knee replacement surgeries are often required in old people between the ages of 60 and 80, but the paradigm is now shifting to even young age group.

Who Needs a Knee Replacement?

Osteoarthritis is the most common reason for knee replacement surgery, some of the other conditions that can cause damage to the knee are:

Knee replacement surgeries have a high success rate and can definitely improve your quality of life. Here is a list of hospitals that you can refer to in case of knee surgeries:

1. B.S.D.T College & Multispeciality Hospital, Kesnand Phata, Wagholi, Pune

B.S.D.T's College & Multispeciality Hospital specialises in orthopedic surgeries. Dr. Mandar M. Puranik is one of the main orthopedic doctor visiting the hospital. He has several years of experience in the field of orthopaedics. Hospital is also well equipped with all kind of physiotherapy support that helps in better recovery.

Consultation fees: ₹100

2. Sterling Multispeciality Clinic, Pimpri-Chinchwad, Pune

Sterling Multispeciality clinic has a dedicated department for joint replacement, which is well equipped to perform all kind of joint replacements surgeries including knee replacement. The team follows international protocols, to ensure the procedures are smooth and patients have a faster recovery.

Consultation fees: ₹300- ₹400

3. Med Care MultiSpeciality Medical & Dental Laser Centre, Palam Extension, Sector 7, Delhi

Med Care hospital Dwarka is one of the best names in Delhi when it comes to Orthopedic facilities. They have a team of diverse doctors like orthopaedic surgeons, sport and trauma surgeons, physiotherapists and rheumatologists. They are known to use the latest techniques like cementless implants that extend the life of the replacement.

Consultation fees: ₹500

4. Parnami Orthopaedic Hospital, Azadpur, Delhi

Parnami Orthopaedic Hospital has an in-house team of three of the most leading doctors -  Dr. Munishwar Lal Parnami, Dr. Ravindra Gupta and Dr. Sumeet Setia, from Delhi. The doctors specialize in all kind of ortho treatments and joint replacement surgeries. They have a well-equipped operation theater to conduct any kind of surgery.

Consultation fees: ₹700

5. Care Health, Dasarahalli Main Road, Bangalore

Orthopedics is one of the specialization of Care Health. The team of doctors is specialized in all kind of musculoskeletal treatment especially the spine, joints, and muscles.they have the best facilities available for knee surgery & transplantations.

Consultation fees: ₹250- ₹350

6. Shanthi Hospital and Research Center, Bangalore

SHRC, has a dedicated team and department of orthopedic surgery which is known for its non- invasive or minimally invasive procedures. The best advantage of getting any kind of joint replacement surgery done in SHRC is faster recovery and quick discharge.

Consultation fees: ₹300- ₹500

7. Disha Hospital, AG Jambhulpada, Mumbai

Dr. Nikhil S. Shetty one of the most acclaimed doctors in the field of orthopaedics, is associated with Disha Hospital. He has years of experience in treating all kind of musculoskeletal problems and specializes in stem cell transplant surgeries and knee replacement. He is also known for conducting physiotherapy sessions that help in better results post surgery.

Consultation fees: ₹500

8. Wockhardt Hospital, Mumbai Central, Mumbai

Wockhardt hospital has the best team of orthopedic doctors to treat any kind of diseases, injuries and deformities of the musculoskeletal system. They also specialize in knee and hip joint replacement surgeries. With the best infrastructure and latest technologies the treatment is less painful and allows a speedy recovery.

Consultation fees: ₹1000- ₹1500

9. Pace Hospitals, Begumpet, Hyderabad

PACE Hospitals is a super specialty hospital, that is known for its comprehensive and holistic approach. They have a team of experts which is known for its world-class treatment of all kind of ortho related problems like arthritis to knee replacement.

Consultation fees: ₹500

10. Srinivasa Hospital, Jaiswal Lane, Hyderabad

Srisrinivasa hospital is amongst the leading orthopedic hospitals in Hyderabad and provides all kind of orthopedic services such as knee replacement, shoulder and total hip replacement, spine surgeries and the number of other musculoskeletal conditions. The team here is the pioneer in minimally invasive orthopedic surgeries. They have all the modern facilities that are needed for treatment as well as diagnosis of bone & joint problems.

Consultation fees: ₹250

4 people found this helpful

How Medication Can Help Treat Knee Pain?

Dr. Anantharaman 87% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, Diploma in Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Chennai
How Medication Can Help Treat Knee Pain?

Are you experiencing knee pain and seek ideal treatment for your condition? Knee pain is a very common issue which may develop in any bony structure of your body, comprising your kneecap, the knee joint, ligaments, and cartilages of your knee. Knee pain is common in people of all ages, and simple home remedies can be used to treat knee pain effectively. In severe cases, professional treatment or help is required.

• The location of your knee pain varies based on the structure that is involved.
• Your whole knee may swell up and seem painful in the case of infections and inflammatory processes. On the other hand, a bone fracture may show symptoms in one specific area.
• The severity of knee pain may vary from acute to serious and disabling.

Other common symptoms associated with knee pain include the following:
• Difficulty in walking because of knee instability.
• Limping because of discomfort.
• Difficulty in going up and down the staircase because of ligament damage.
Swelling and redness.
• The inability of extending the knee.

Knee pain may occur because of several reasons, and factors. Generally, knee pain is classified into 3 primary categories. They are:
• Acute injuries that include broken bones, a meniscal tear, or a torn ligament.
• Medication conditions which commonly include the likes of arthritis, and various infections.
• Conditions that occur on account of chronic use and overuse, such as patellar syndromes, tendinitis, bursitis, and osteoarthritis.

Treatment - 

• There are several treatment measures for knee pain, based on the cause, your condition, and severity.
• The most common treatment procedures include the following:

• Several medications are used for the treatment of an underlying medical condition that causes knee pain, for effective pain relief.

Physical therapy
• Strengthening of the muscles surrounding the ankle makes it stable and helps in achieving the best mechanical movements.
• This is effective in avoiding injuries and preventing an existing injury from worsening.

• Several injectable medications are injected into your knee directly.
• Corticosteroids and lubricants are commonly used for dealing with inflammation in the knee, and for improving movement and pain.

• In case of severe and persistent knee pain, a surgery may be required. Knee operations include arthroscopic surgeries, total knee replacement and much more.
• Arthroscopic surgery is the most common procedure in which injuries in your knee are repaired and pieces of loose cartilage and bone are removed.
• During partial knee replacement, the damaged parts of your knee are replaced with metal and plastic parts. Only a part of the knee joint gets replaced.

There are several other therapies that are also beneficial for the treatment of knee pain. You can opt for acupuncture, which is ideal for osteoarthritis patients. Glucosamine and chondroitin supplements are also prescribed in some cases.

2388 people found this helpful

6 Common Causes Of Knee Pain!

Dr. Sonu Singh 90% (299 ratings)
MD - Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Post-Graduate Diploma In Rheumatology, Post-Graduate Diploma In Sports Injury Rehabilitation, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Certified Posture Specialist
Pain Management Specialist, Delhi
6 Common Causes Of Knee Pain!

Knee pain is characterized by a feeling of pain in the knee joint caused by injury or overuse. The knee joint consists of small bone structures, the kneecap, supporting ligaments and cartilage of the knee. This joint bears the full weight of the body, which makes it very vulnerable to injury.

Causes of knee pain

Knee pain is usually caused by injuries to the knee such as exposure to a direct force on the knee, abnormal twisting of the knee or falling on your knees. Some causes of knee pain are -

  • Knee strains and sprains - Overworking the knee joints can damage the tissues of the knee joint resulting in knee sprains and strains
  • Osteoarthritis - it is condition where the protective cartilage around the kneecap is damaged, resulting in knee pain
  • Bursitis - Excessive movement of the knee or kneeling down for extended periods can irritate the bursa (a fluid sac below the skin above the knee joint) that causes swelling and pain, thereby giving rise to this condition
  • Gout - This condition is characterized by the accumulation of uric acid in crystal form around the knee joint, causing inflammation and pain
  • Tendon disorders - Tendons connect the muscles to the bones, and overworking the knee can cause the tendons around
    the knee to become sore and painful
  • Kneecap dislocation - Injuries may cause the kneecap to shift out of its position, this causes swelling and pain in the knee joint

Symptoms of knee pain

Severe knee pain can restrict movements such as walking or standing. The symptoms vary according to the extent of the damage suffered by the knee. Most common symptoms of knee pain are problems in climbing stairs, inability to extend the knees, limping and swelling of the knee joint. In some cases, knee pain may also cause fever. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!


3323 people found this helpful

Sports Injuries & Pain Related To Them - How Can It Be Managed?

Dr. Sachin Mittal 90% (11 ratings)
FIPM, DA, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Pain Management Specialist, Ghaziabad
Sports Injuries & Pain Related To Them - How Can It Be Managed?

How should you approach pain caused due to sports injuries?

Sports injuries can happen to any person who engages in sporting activities. These affect full-time athletes as well as those who partake in sports and exercising on an occasional basis. Most sports injuries are acute and affect the muscles and skeletal system. Usually, they are not chronic unless caused by a grave accident or left untreated.

The most common types of injuries caused due to sports are as follows:

Treatment of sports injuries depends on a number of factors such as the type of injury, part of the body affected, the intensity of the pain, and the patient's age and medical history.



Accordingly, the most common ways of approaching the pain caused by sports injuries are:



  1. Immediate remedies: Several quick aid, home remedies are used to treat pain that is caused by minor injuries to muscles, such as sprains and strains. It involves alleviation of pain through rest, using ice packs and hot water bags, wearing supports and elastic compression bandages.
  2. Medication: Many medicines such as painkillers and anti-inflammatory pills, creams and sprays effectively reduce pain caused by sports injuries. In extreme cases, morphine and codeine are also prescribed.
  3. Physical therapy: A number of injuries can be treated and cured through certain exercise and workout routines. These aim at stretching and strengthening the affected area to provide pain relief through increased flexibility and muscle activity.
  4. Injections: Various substances and chemical compounds can be injected into the injured area which works on the affected ligaments, tendons, and cartilage to reduce inflammation and relieve pain.
  5. Surgical procedures: This is generally resorted to in case of damage to the skeleton in the form of broken bones and cracked ribs.
  6. Interventional Pain relieving procedures: These include regenerative or stem cell therapy, and neuromodulation techniques using radio frequency current. They may result in best results without any tissue cutting or damage. A pain specialist may be able to help you best in that case.

Devising the exact treatment method requires a thorough examination of the injury. Diagnosis can only be provided after taking into consideration the many factors that affect treatment. The method of treatment varies from case to case and consequently, the recovery time also differs. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4366 people found this helpful

Common Gym Injuries Their Prevention And Cure!

Dr. Rajiv Mehta 89% (108 ratings)
Masters In Physiotherapy, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Delhi
Common Gym Injuries Their Prevention And Cure!

A workout session is often tedious and exhausting, especially for those who aren’t comfortable with strenuous exercises. And, many a time, you can experience significant pain in pursuit of a fit body - injuries, strain, and sprain become a part of your life. The most common gym injuries one might have while working out are-

  1. Muscle pull or strain- A muscle pull can injure anyone regardless of their age. This usually results from strenuous physical activity. Sometimes, overstretching can cause the muscle fibers to tear, which in turn affects the hamstring or calves. The most common symptoms include- bruising and discoloration, stiffness, localised pain.
  2. Ankle sprain- This refers to an injury to your ligaments. This occurs when you mistakenly twist the ligament while exercising. If you have a sprained ankle, you will likely notice these symptoms- bruising, swelling, stiffness and tenderness, difficulty putting weights on the ankle.
  3. Shoulder injury- Several other muscles, ligaments, and tendons hold your shoulder together, thereby making it prone to injuries during workout sessions. Weight lifting exercises like Machine Shoulder Press, Overhead Shoulder Press etc can lead to serious shoulder injuries like the Rotator Cuff injury, if you don’t follow the right technique.
  4. Tendinitis- Tendinitis is caused due to the overuse of tendons during the workout. Tendons are wide cords joining the muscle to your bones. When the tendons become inflamed, it restricts the movement of the joints, resulting in pain.
  5. Shin Splint- This injury is caused due to recurrent trauma to the connective tissues. This tissue connects the tibia bone to the muscles, and when these tissues break down or become inflamed, stiffness and pain are experienced. People who engage in long running-cycles are most likely to have a shin splint.
  6. Runner’s knee- This type of injury is common in those who spend several minutes on the treadmill. Runner’s knee is characterized by mild dull pain at the back of or beneath the kneecap, typically felt while running.

Repetitive motion, not having enough rest after completing one set of the exercise, simple wear and tear- all these result in workout injuries. Many a time, people don’t pay much attention to these injuries and continue with their daily activities. Studies reveal that overuse of body parts account for about 30% of all injuries. Ignoring these injuries may lead to serious health conditions in the long run.

A few precautionary measures can be adopted to prevent such injuries-

  1. If you’re running on the treadmill, make sure you have full control over your movement and the speed of the machine. Most treadmills these days come with a clip that you can attach to your clothes so that if you lose control and fall off the treadmill, the machine will stop immediately and prevent you from sustaining any grievous injury.
  2. Wear proper shoes that support your feet and are comfortable to move around. Watch out for slippery, uneven floors. Athletic shoes are specially designed to fit your feet well for this purpose.
  3. Don’t start your workout session by lifting heavy weights. Start with mild, warm-up exercises (stretching, Jumping Jacks, free-hand squats) to allow your body to become accustomed to the environment.
  4. Maintain a healthy body weight. This is essential because an overweight person is more likely to get affected by injuries to the joint bones, fractures etc.

How are these common injuries treated?
Injuries sustained during workout sessions need to be looked after. Urgent medical intervention is recommended in such cases so that the pain does not hinder your movement and routine activities for long.
The most effective and preferred choice of treatment to cure gym injuries is the RICE technique.

  1. Rest (R)- Make sure you don’t put too much pressure on the injured area. Refrain from any physical activity and allow your injury to heal.22481
  2. Ice (I)- Apply ice on the injured area to reduce swelling and inflammation.
  3. Compression (C)- In order to reduce swelling, apply a compression bandage.
  4. Elevate (E)- Elevate the wound/injury to minimize swelling.

Your doctor will also prescribe a few anti-inflammatory drugs and painkillers to ease the pain. You can also use a shoulder splint to keep the injured shoulder/arm in place.  In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4977 people found this helpful

Knee Anatomy - Better Understanding Helps Prevent Knee Injuries!

Dr. (Prof) Amit Kumar Agarwal 88% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, M.Ch - Orthopaedics, MCh - Trauma and Orthopeadic Surgery
Orthopedist, Ghaziabad
Knee Anatomy - Better Understanding Helps Prevent Knee Injuries!

The knee joint is the meeting point of several bones. The knee bone's connected to the thigh bone at knee joint. The thigh bone or femur is the longest bone in the human body and it sits directly above the knee. Below the knee joint lies the shinbone or tibia down to the ankle. Tibia is partnered with the fibula, which runs along the outside of the leg. The kneecap also called as patella lies in between, protecting the knee joint. When the leg bends, the patella moves on the front part of the femur.

Knee Joint Compartments - 

Arthritis affects the ends of the bones, or spots where the bones in the knee joint move against each other. The joint capsule is a thick ligamentous structure that surrounds the entire knee that contains synovial membrane which provides nourishment to all the surrounding structures. The synovial fluid produced by the synovial membrane lubricates the knee joint. The capsule itself is strengthened by the surrounding ligaments.

Cartilage in the knees - 

Cartilage covers up the knee joint's ends thus keeping the bones from rubbing together and creating friction. This makes cartilage critical to keeping the knees pain-free when one is running, walking bending or squatting. There are two types of cartilage in the knee joint. Meniscus cartilage makes up the crescent-shaped disks on the inside and outside of the knee between the femur and tibia. Meniscus cartilage works like a shock absorber, providing cushion to the joint when walking to running. Joint or articular cartilage covers the bones of the knee, making smooth and friction free movement.

Cartilage is about eighty percent water when we are young, and can lose water content over time to drop to about seventy percent. The knees are filled with fluid that helps to keep the cartilage smooth and slippery. If this fluid is too much can stretch out the joint and less can lead to friction between the bones.

Hence, it is imperative to know how the parts of the knee joint work together, as it is the first step one can take to maintain or restore knee health. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!



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