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Kidney Transplant Tips

What Type Of Diet Should You Follow After A Kidney Transplant?

DNB (Nephrology), M.D ( Internal Medicine), MBBS
Nephrologist, Noida
What Type Of Diet Should You Follow After A Kidney Transplant?

Your diet will play a very important role in how fast the body recovers from a kidney transplantation surgery. Apart from the medication you take, a healthy, wholesome diet helps with healing, strength and overall health. While the individual diet plans will vary depending on the person, below are common foods you should prefer and avoid to protect your well-earned kidney:

  1. Avoid raw and unprocessed food: The anti-rejection medication that you take after the surgery lowers your immunity levels and this means that your chances of infections might be higher during this period. This is why it is important to prevent eating raw meat, eggs, unprocessed milk etc. You should also prevent eating out because of the risk of getting infected.
  2. Choose fresh fruits, vegetables, and greens: Fruits, vegetables, and greens are good sources of nutrition, fibre, and minerals. These can be consumed heartily and you can aim at eating 4-5 portion sizes of these every day. Fresh juices are also great to hydrate your body and heal the tissues.
  3. Avoid simple sugars: Few medications might result in increased blood sugar levels and this puts extra pressure on your body. You can prevent an abnormal increase in blood sugar levels by preventing over-consumption of carbohydrates and simple sugars. These include rice, pasta, noodles, ice creams, chocolates, molasses and all types of junk/fast food.
  4. Choose protein-rich food: Proteins play a great role in healing damaged tissues and strengthening your body. However, too much of proteins can be harmful too. You can, therefore, avoid protein supplements and try getting it from natural sources like lean meat, eggs, soya, and pulses.
  5. Stay away from canned/precooked food: Canned/ instant food is always rich in unsaturated fat, sodium, and sugars all three of which are unhealthy for your body. Your doctor might recommend you to limit your sodium intake to prevent water retention in the body. Even when you decide to eat a bowl of soup, skip canned versions and make your own at home.
  6. Cut down on alcohol: You might need to skip alcohol completely for the first few months after the surgery. After that, talk to your doctor, get recommended levels and do not cross that. Have a couple of days that are alcohol-free in a week. You should remember that alcohol is very high in calories and sugar.
  7. Limit fried food: Excess oil is also bad for your body, especially after a major surgery like this. Choose steamed, air fried and grilled options anytime you can.

If your doctor has prescribed a calorie plan for every day, make sure you stick to it. Fill up your diet chart with healthy, home-cooked meals. Keep checking your weight, sugar levels and blood pressure regularly and pick food that is healthy for your body and mind.

1 person found this helpful

Kidney Transplant - How To Identify The Right Donor?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD, DNB (Nephrology)
Nephrologist, Delhi
Kidney Transplant - How To Identify The Right Donor?

The kidneys are responsible for the elimination of waste from the body. The blood is filtered in the kidneys and all toxic wastes are filtered out and excreted through urine. When this filtration does not happen effectively, a lot of waste can be found in the blood, which affects normal body function.

Kidneys may lose their functioning either due to age, injury, or disease conditions. Whatever the reason, when kidney function is hampered, the body suffers. If there was an injury or congenital problem, it could be unilateral and the non-affected kidney could still do the function. However, if it is infection or old age, normally both kidneys are affected and then replacement should be looked for externally. This is where a kidney transplant comes into the picture.

What is it?

It is a surgery where a healthy, functioning kidney is placed into the body. The donor could be

  1. Living: These donors have to be related or unrelated. Related is often termed someone, who is a family member and is willing to donate one kidney (one kidney is sufficient for normal, healthy individuals) to the diseased person.
  2. Cadaver: If a person is willing to donate kidneys post death, these are used for transplant, within a specified time.

Identifying the right donor and recipient:

  1. Blood type and tissue type should be matched; a good tissue type match improves the chances of success
  2. Overall health of the donor to ensure there is no heart disease, lung disease, or diabetes
  3. The recipient also should be healthy

What to expect during surgery?

  1. Once a donor is identified, in living donors, the surgery to remove the kidney and to transplant it are done simultaneously
  2. The surgery usually takes about 3 to 4 hours
  3. Antibiotics are given prior to the surgery to prevent infection
  4. The blood vessels and ureter are connected back to the kidney after the transplant
  5. Hospital stay can range from 5 days to 2 weeks, depending on the overall health of the patient and the anticipated risk of rejection.
  6. Most transplanted kidneys work effectively almost immediately. A kidney stored from a cadaver may take a little longer compared to a fresh kidney from a living donor
  7. People who have had transplants are put on immunosuppressants on a chronic basis to reduce chances of rejection. The new kidney will always be recognised by the body as a foreign body, and so this is essential.

Kidney transplant success rates are quite high, and more and more people are opting for transplants as opposed to dialysis.
 

Kidney Transplant Surgery - Everything You Should Be Aware Of!

MBBS, MS - Gen Surgery
General Surgeon, Mumbai
Kidney Transplant Surgery - Everything You Should Be Aware Of!

Kidney transplant surgery is a surgical procedure where a healthy kidney is used to substitute a diseased one. The healthy kidney is obtained from either a deceased donor or a family member who has a good blood type match with the recipient. Usually, the recipient receives one kidney if the donor is alive and/or both the kidneys from a deceased donor.

Certain reasons for going for a kidney transplant surgery might include:
1. Kidney failure due to diabetes
2. Infections in the urinary tract
3. Autoimmune disorders such as lupus (an autoimmune disorder)
4. Polycystic kidney disorders
5. Obstructions in the kidney
6. Glomerulonephritis, where inflammation occurs in the kidney

Preparation for the surgery
Before the procedure, certain tests are carried out to determine your suitability for the procedure. The tests start with a psychological evaluation followed by blood tests and diagnostic tests to check for health problems. Once the tests are done, you will be placed on the waiting list for kidney recipients. Once the donor is available, you will be asked to get ready for the surgery.

Procedure: The procedure begins with you being administered general anesthesia. An incision is made in the lower part of the stomach, through which the donated kidney is inserted in the body. The next step involves attaching adjacent blood vessels to the kidney so that it has a proper supply of blood. Finally, the ureter of the kidney is linked with the bladder, facilitating normal disposal of bodily wastes. A plastic tube, known as a stent, is placed in the ureter to facilitate urine flow. This is later removed by a procedure called cystoscopy. Once the surgery is completed, the incision is closed by stitches.

Aftercare: After the procedure is completed, you will be given painkillers to ease the pain. Immunosuppressant medications will be prescribed to prevent your immune system from destroying the cells of the donated kidney. Usually, the duration of stay at the hospital post-surgery is about a week.

Kidney Transplant Surgery - Factors You Need To Be Aware Of!

MS - General Surgery, FMAS.Laparoscopy
General Surgeon, Gandhinagar
Kidney Transplant Surgery - Factors You Need To Be Aware Of!

Kidney transplant surgery is a surgical procedure where a healthy kidney is used to substitute a diseased one. The healthy kidney is obtained from either a deceased donor or a family member who has a good blood type match with the recipient. Usually, the recipient receives one kidney if the donor is alive and/or both the kidneys from a deceased donor.

Certain reasons for going for a kidney transplant surgery might include:
1. Kidney failure due to diabetes
2. Infections in the urinary tract
3. Autoimmune disorders such as lupus (an autoimmune disorder)
4. Polycystic kidney disorders
5. Obstructions in the kidney
6. Glomerulonephritis, where inflammation occurs in the kidney

Preparation for the surgery
Before the procedure, certain tests are carried out to determine your suitability for the procedure. The tests start with a psychological evaluation followed by blood tests and diagnostic tests to check for health problems. Once the tests are done, you will be placed on the waiting list for kidney recipients. Once the donor is available, you will be asked to get ready for the surgery.

Procedure: The procedure begins with you being administered general anesthesia. An incision is made in the lower part of the stomach, through which the donated kidney is inserted in the body. The next step involves attaching adjacent blood vessels to the kidney so that it has a proper supply of blood. Finally, the ureter of the kidney is linked with the bladder, facilitating normal disposal of bodily wastes. A plastic tube, known as a stent, is placed in the ureter to facilitate urine flow. This is later removed by a procedure called cystoscopy. Once the surgery is completed, the incision is closed by stitches.

Aftercare: After the procedure is completed, you will be given painkillers to ease the pain. Immunosuppressant medications will be prescribed to prevent your immune system from destroying the cells of the donated kidney. Usually, the duration of stay at the hospital post-surgery is about a week.

3 people found this helpful

When Is Kidney Dialysis Is Required?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD, DNB (Nephrology)
Nephrologist, Delhi
When Is Kidney Dialysis Is Required?

Kidneys are a pair of organs that are located on either side of the spine, each about a size of a fist. The kidneys help in purifying blood by removing toxins, waste materials and excess fluids from the human body. Disorders and dysfunctions of the kidney can lead to severe and often fatal consequences. When the kidneys stop functioning as they are supposed to, dialysis is performed to resume normal functioning in the body.

Dialysis is a type of treatment, which filters and purifies the blood with the aid of a machine. It is an artificial way of purifying blood. There are two types of dialysis, namely hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Hemodialysis, the most common form of dialysis, which involves using a manmade kidney called a hemodialyzer, which removes toxins and waste materials from blood.

Peritoneal Dialysis, on the other hand, is a type of treatment which involves implanting a catheter in the stomach. During the procedure, a fluid called dialysate flows into the abdomen that absorbs all the waste material, which is consequently drained out of the body.

You may need a dialysis if:

  • Your kidneys are dysfunctional
  • When waste materials and toxins start to accumulate in the body
  • In an event of an injury or accident to the kidney such as internal lacerations (wound caused by the tearing of a tissue)
  • If the creatinine (a type of a chemical waste product) level falls to 10-12 cc/minute
  • In an event where the kidneys aren't able to work properly leading to accumulation of toxins, irregular amounts of chemicals in the body and other dysfunctions


Weakening of the abdominal muscles and weight gain are some of the risks involved in dialysis. Dialysis is a temporary treatment and serves to function till the time the actual kidneys get repaired. In chronic cases of kidney disease, kidney transplant may perhaps be the last resort.

1945 people found this helpful

Kidney Transplant - What Should You Expect From It?

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Nephrology, DNB (Nephrology)
Nephrologist, Delhi
Kidney Transplant - What Should You Expect From It?

The kidneys are responsible for the elimination of waste from the body. The blood is filtered in the kidneys and all toxic wastes are filtered out and excreted through urine. When this filtration does not happen effectively, a lot of waste can be found in the blood, which affects normal body function.

Kidneys may lose their functioning either due to age, injury, or disease conditions. Whatever the reason, when kidney function is hampered, the body suffers. If there was an injury or congenital problem, it could be unilateral and the non-affected kidney could still do the function. However, if it is infection or old age, normally both kidneys are affected and then replacement should be looked for externally. This is where a kidney transplant comes into the picture.

What is it?

It is a surgery where a healthy, functioning kidney is placed into the body. The donor could be

  1. Living: These donors have to be related or unrelated. Related is often termed someone, who is a family member and is willing to donate one kidney (one kidney is sufficient for normal, healthy individuals) to the diseased person.
  2. Cadaver: If a person is willing to donate kidneys post death, these are used for transplant, within a specified time.

Identifying the right donor and recipient:

  1. Blood type and tissue type should be matched; a good tissue type match improves the chances of success
  2. Overall health of the donor to ensure there is no heart diseaselung disease, or diabetes
  3. The recipient also should be healthy

What to expect during surgery?

  1. Once a donor is identified, in living donors, the surgery to remove the kidney and to transplant it are done simultaneously
  2. The surgery usually takes about 3 to 4 hours
  3. Antibiotics are given prior to the surgery to prevent infection
  4. The blood vessels and ureter are connected back to the kidney after the transplant
  5. Hospital stay can range from 5 days to 2 weeks, depending on the overall health of the patient and the anticipated risk of rejection.
  6. Most transplanted kidneys work effectively almost immediately. A kidney stored from a cadaver may take a little longer compared to a fresh kidney from a living donor
  7. People who have had transplants are put on immunosuppressants on a chronic basis to reduce chances of rejection. The new kidney will always be recognised by the body as a foreign body, and so this is essential.

Kidney transplant success rates are quite high, and more and more people are opting for transplants as opposed to dialysis.

2100 people found this helpful

Best Urologist in Delhi!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri

Problems like prostate cancer and UTI are very common in male. They require special attention and need to be treated by urologist. There are many best urologist in Delhi. Urologist are specialises in treatment of common diseases related to the male reproductive system. Here is a list of best urologists in Delhi you can get in touch with.

1. Dr. Shalabh Agrawal

DNB (Urology), MS, MBBS

Dr. Shalabh Agrawal in 17 years of his career is associated with some reputed hospitals like  Artemis & Metro hospital. He is known for his knowledge and efficiency as a urologist, urological surgeon and andrologist. He has handled many types of cases in his career and is particularly interested in endo-urology and laparoscopy. He also deals with treatment like cyst in kidney, hematuria, erectile dysfunction, HIV, and kidney transplant. He is currently associated with - One Health Urology Clinic, Gurgaon & Arcus Superspeciality Center- Delhi.

Consultation fees: ₹600

2. Dr. Sudhir Khanna

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - General Surgery, MCh - Urology, MNAMS - Urology

Dr. Sudhir Khanna is a famous urologist. He currently practices at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital and is the chairman of deptt of Urology. He is a member of Delhi Medical Council. In 29 years of his practice, he has also performed various surgeries including cancer surgeries and kidney transplant. He is also known for his successful treatment of erectile dysfunction, infertility

Consultation fees: ₹1500- 2000

3. Dr. Kuldip Singh

Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS), MS, MBBS

Dr. Kuldip Singh has 45 years of experience and is a popular Urologist in Delhi. He is affiliated with National Heart institute and The Maples Medical Centre, Delhi. He is an expert in treating prostate, kidney and bladder tumors with robotic surgeries, neo bladder for bladder cancers and Penile prosthesis surgery for erection problem. 

Consultation fees: ₹1000

4. Dr. Aditya Pradhan

DNB (Urology), MS - General Surgery, MBBS

Dr. Aditya Pradhan has 28 years of experience and is a reputed urologist in his profession. He He specializes in Cystoscopy, hematuria, treatment of erectile dysfunction, H.I.V treatment, hydrocele treatment, Incontinence treatment, kidney transplant treatment, lithotripsy procedure, treatment of male sexual problems and Men’s health. He is currently associated with multiple hospitals and clinics like BLK Super speciality hospital.

Consultation fees: ₹600-1100

5. Dr. Nikhil Sharma

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB (Urology)

Withmore than 16 years of experience,  Dr. Nikhil Sharma is a well known name in the field of urology. He is currently practicing at Shanti Mukand Hospital Earch Centre and ClearMedi Hospital. He is known to treat all kind of urology problems, including prostate and bladder cancer as well as erectile dysfunction.

Consultation fees: ₹600

6. Dr. Tanuj Paul Bhatia

DNB (Urology), MS (Gen Surgen), MBBS

Dr. Tanuj has 12 years of experience and is associated with Sarvodaya hospital and SCI Hospital. He has successfully conducted many scarless laser surgeries for removal kidney stones. He also specializes at  prostate surgeries like RIRS (retrograde intrarenal surgery) and HOLEP (holmium laser enucleation of prostate). 

Consultation fees: ₹450- 800

7. Dr. Saurabh

MCH-Urology

Dr. Saurabh has more than 15 years of experience and is a leading urologist in Delhi. He has treated several cases in all kind of urologIical diseases in his career. His areas of special interest are stone, prostate, genitor-urinary strictures, various urological cancers, erection and infertility problems. He was part of the team which did India’s first robotic urology surgery. He currently is associated with Moolchand Hospital and Dr. Saurabh’s clinic- Delhi.

Consultation fees: ₹800

8. Dr. Anirudh Kaushik

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Urology

Dr. Anirudh Kaushik is an experienced Urologist and Andrologist with 25 years of experience. He is  currently practicing at Holy Care Family Hospital. He holds a special interest and expertise in treating prostate related problems, stone surgeries and male infertility. He has conducted several open and endoscopic urological operations and surgery for malignancy and transurethral surgeries.

Consultation fees: ₹1000- 1200

9. Dr. Narmada Prasad Gupta

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Urology, FAMS

Dr Narmada Prasad Gupta is a reputed urologist in Delhi - NCR with 47 years of practice. He is a member of some of the famous and prestigious organisations like Indian Medical Association (IMA), Association of Surgeons of India (ASI), Indian Association Of Cosmetic Laser Surgeon (ACLS), Indian Society of Organ Transplantation (ISOT) and Urological Society of India (USI). in his career he has successfully treated cases suffering from prostate cancer, enlargement, testicular cancer and other problems related to urology as well as cases of sexual dysfunction in male. He is currently practicing at Medenta.

Consultation fees: ₹1200

10. Dr. Abdul Munnon Durrani

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology/Genito - Urinary Surgery

Dr. Durrani has close to 10 years of experience and is currently running his own clinic- DURRANI UROSURGERY HOME CLINIC and also visits as a consultant at Fortis Hospital He is known for his holistic approach and a compassionate care, in his treatment. Some of the areas in which he specializes are conducting transurethral resection of the prostate also called as TURP, lithotripsy and cystoscopy. He is good at diagnosis and treating different problems related to the female and male urinary tract and male reproductive system

Consultation fees: ₹600-1000

4 people found this helpful

Kidney Transplant In Children!

MD - Paediatrics, MBBS, FISPN & FISPN - Pediatric Nephrology
Pediatrician, Noida
Kidney Transplant In Children!

When a child is suffering from an Established Renal Failure (ERF), then he/she needs a Kidney Transplant. This is a stage where the kidneys have failed beyond the stage of repair. This stage is called the end stage of kidney failure or Chronic Kidney Disorder-stage 5. This condition is a lifelong condition as it cannot be undone. The failure process happens very slowly over a few years. Basically, Chronic Kidney Failure has five stages, and in the final stage your kidney will give up completely.

Why not dialysis?

Many children will be given dialysis treatment when the kidneys fail to work. This is a process in which the blood is purified externally. That is basically the job of the kidneys. But this is not the right treatment as dialysis will not be able to do all that your kidneys can do like making of red blood cells and keeping the bones strong. So, in such a condition, children will have to restrict themselves from drinking and eating and also the symptoms of kidney failure will persist. For dialysis, child has to undergo treatment every alternate day till he /she receives a kidney transplant. Its more costly then kidney transplant in long term and child growth is hampered. Dialysis is usually a bridge between kidney failure and transplant.

Preparing for a Kidney Transplant

When you are told that your child needs a Kidney Transplant, then you should first take him/her to the Transplant Hospital. A few tests will be done by a team of health experts at the hospital to check if your child is good to go for a surgery. Also, they will check if he/she will be able to tolerate the medication given post surgery. When your child is ready, then he/she will have to wait for a donor Kidney. If you get it from a relative that match your child.s blood group and tissue types, then they are called living donors and their organ is placed in the body of your baby. If not, your child will have to wait for a non-living donor, for which the child.s name will be added to the waiting list. While your child is on the waiting list, he/she will have to undergo dialysis in order to keep him/her healthy.

Benefits of Kidney Transplant:

A Kidney Transplant is definitely not a permanent solution for those kids with Chronic Kidney failure. But when you are able to find a suitable donor and successful transplant takes place, you can stop dialysis. This is something that can give you some relief. Your child will be able to eat normally and live in a normal way like other kids do. If your child takes all medications in the right way and you add a little more care to it, then the replaced kidney can work for many years. Your child needs to visit the hospital regularly even after the transplant is done.

3432 people found this helpful

Kidney Transplant - 5 Must Know Things About It!

MD - General Medicine
General Physician, Balasore
Kidney Transplant - 5 Must Know Things About It!

A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure that patients of kidney disease go through in order to replace a non functioning kidney with a live one that is healthy and functions well. Other methods to treat this disease also include dialysis, which basically is an artificial way of doing what our kidneys are designed to do. When dialysis does not work, many doctors recommend a kidney transplant.

A replacement or donated kidney can come from a living donor or a non living donor. This new kidney will mostly work towards keeping the blood clean, which is a function that stops when the old and diseased kidneys fail.

So, here's a list of five essential facts that you need to keep in mind if you are looking at a kidney transplant:

- Donors: While there are living and non living donors, the doctor will have to ensure that your donor is someone who has no medical history of complications, kidney disease or any other medical condition like diabetes or hypertension. Also, the donor would have to have two proper functioning kidneys. Further, one of the most important factors is the blood group. The blood group of the donor and the patient must match for the transplant to be possible.

- Procedure: During the surgery, the patient will be under general anesthesia. The surgeon will make an incision in the lower abdomen area and the blood vessels of the new kidney will be connected surgically with the vein and iliac artery of the patient. Thereafter, any excess fluid will be drained before wrapping up the surgery.

- Rejection: The patient's body may also reject the kidney. The immune system of the patient may mistake the new kidney as an attacking body and its natural defenses may work against it, which will lead to complications. For this, doctors usually prescribe immunosuppressant medicines that will help in preventing such an eventuality. 

- Longevity: While a living donor's kidney may last longer, a non living donor's kidney will not enjoy such a long life. In such cases, a second transplant can be conducted.

- Diet: After the transplant, the patient will be required to go through a number of measures like coughing to show that the lungs are clear, as well as administration of fluids through IV and some amount of examination and dialysis. Also, the patient will have to have a special diet that includes raw fruits and vegetables, and plenty of non fat dairy ingredients.

A kidney transplant is a major operation that can change your lifestyle in the long run. Find out more facts in a private consultation today. 

2958 people found this helpful

ABO Incompatible Kidney Transplant - Know More About It!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Urology, Fellowship, Faculty (Assistant Professor)
Urologist, Mohali
ABO Incompatible Kidney Transplant - Know More About It!

ABO Incompatible Kidney Transplant is a kind of transplant taking place between the donor, whose blood type is not compatible with that of the patient, who is in need of the kidney. The only option was to get the transplant pairs of the recipient donor identified with the types of ABO blood that were compatible.

Present Scenario
In the current situation, this ABO incompatible kidney transplant is possible to get conducted between certain recipients and living donors. When there is only one available donor there are options available for the patient:

  1. To get placed for Organ Sharing cadaveric-donor kidney waiting list.
  2. To enter into a paired donor exchange program
  3. Let us take a closer look at these options:
  4. The UNOS Cadaveric-Donor Kidney Waiting List
  5. Getting the candidate placed on the UNOS cadaveric-donor waiting list seems to be quite simple and straightforward but it is actually quite troublesome for those candidates, with blood group O or B.
  6. The time for which a candidate needs to wait is on the rise for all blood groups but it is more so for those having O or B. The number of new registrations which gets added to the list is also increasing
  7. Longer waiting time for kidney transplant means increased exposure to risk of leading to death. The average yearly rate of death for waiting list patients is more than 6%.

Donor kidney exchange

  • Second option available is to get into one of the donor exchange programs that have come to light over the last few years.
  • When a living pair of donor and recipient is found to be ABO-incompatible, then it is possible to achieve two ABO-compatible transplants by means of a direct exchange with another pair.
  • Another type can occur when one pair of donor-recipient is incompatible and the other one is compatible but not identical. Getting these donors swapped result in two ABO-compatible living-donor kidney transplants.
2603 people found this helpful
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