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Kidney Stones Health Feed

Kidney Stones - How To Avert It?

Kidney Stones - How To Avert It?

A kidney stone is a solid mass that is formed from crystals present in the urine. People with normal body functioning have natural chemicals in their body that prevent the formation of kidney stones. Commonly, there are two kinds of kidney stones –

  1. Calcium - Stones that are made of oxalate and calcium.
  2. Uric acid - This develops when the urine of a person is too acidic.
  3. Struvite - Large stones that cause urinary obstruction.
  4. Cystine - These are very rare. Often occur in people with a genetic disorder called cystinuria.

A special diet or changes in diet is mostly suggested along with the prescribed medication who have kidney stones. This helps not only in the cure of kidney stones but prevention as well. Struvite and Cystine stones usually require intervention to help deal with the problem, the other two, calcium and uric acid stones can be managed with diet and medication both.

Thus, if you are diagnosed with calcium and uric acid stones, you can follow a diet specific to the type of stone which can assist in preventing the formation of stones.

  1. In case of a calcium kidney stone: If the patient is diagnosed with a calcium kidney stone, then he/she is advised to reduce the consumption of salt. Also, it is recommended to reduce the intake of processed food as well as food from any restaurant. The regular intake of calcium needs to be analyzed. A doctor will advise the daily intake of calcium. Also, try to avoid artificial supplements, and have food that contains the basic level of calcium.
  2. In case of an oxalate stone: The patient is advised to reduce the consumption of oxalate-rich food, such as chocolates, nuts, and dark green vegetables if detected with oxalate kidney stone. As this cannot be completely excluded from the diet chart, the levels of consumption are hence kept low.
  3. In case of a uric stone: Uric stones are commonly detected in people who eat a lot of red meat. Red meat contains high levels of a chemical compound known as purine, which leads to the formation of higher levels of uric acid. A healthy diet in case of a uric stone comprises of fruits, vegetables, low-fat products, and whole grains. It is recommended to reduce or limit the consumption of alcohol as well as to opt for a diet that is low on animal protein and high of vegetables and fruits.
  4. Keep the body hydrated: Water reduces the concentration levels in urine, thereby bringing down the chances of stone formation. Sufficient consumption of water can work wonders to help cure or reduce kidney stones. Drinking enough water helps to wash out the toxins while keeping the body well hydrated. It helps to reduce the chances of formation of a new stone. However, there is always confusion with the amount of water that needs to be consumed in a day. It is advised to have a minimum of 12 cups of water per day. This amount helps the body to stay hydrated, and thus function properly.

Medication is an obvious way to cure kidney stones, but a healthy diet can prevent further developing of kidney stones. Hence, following a diet suggested by your dietician, and avoiding certain types of food can prevent kidney stones.

How to distinguish back pain, nerve pain in back, muscle pain in back and kidney stone pain.

How to distinguish back pain, nerve pain in back, muscle pain in back and kidney stone pain.
You need to give your symptoms in detail, doctor will suggest you the diagnosis or will advise you tests. Do x-ray of lumbar region n urine exam from some lab.
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In my family my father and mother used to have stones in kidney so I want to go for preventive check ups. Kindly advice me.

In my family my father and mother used to have stones in kidney so I want to go for preventive check ups. Kindly advi...
Sarasapar12c 3 times day for wk can notharis 6c 3 times day for wk berberis vulgaris 12c 3 times day for wk.
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Renal Colic - Know Symptoms Of It!

Renal Colic - Know Symptoms Of It!

Our kidneys act as filters which constantly flushes out toxins and excess minerals with water in form of urine. Urine contains lots of minerals which may precipitate and form stones. Urine has lots of pro-precipitating agents and anti-precipitating agents. When their balance disturbs due to some disease, stones start forming. These stones may often lead to abdominal pain which is referred to as renal colic

What exactly is renal colic? 

Renal or ureteric colic is the term used for typical pain in one side of abdomen in flank region starting from back and radiating forward towards lower abdomen up to scrotum. This is usually associated with nausea, vomiting and urinary discomfort. There may be blood in urine

How kidney stones are related to renal colic? 

Kidney stones usually form inside kidney and lies there without causing any pain. But whenever they are dislodged and stuck at mouth of kidney (pelvis) or anywhere in ureter, they block the passage of urine of that kidney. This causes swelling in kidney termed as hydronephrosis. This swelling in kidney causes renal / ureteric colic. This colic is protective phenomenon and tries to push out the stones. Small stones do come out in urine by this natural process. This spontaneous expulsion of small stones is common and many local practitioners used to get credit of it feigning benefit of their medicine. However large stones need some form of intervention to come out. Otherwise, they do harm to kidneys in long term. 

Symptoms of kidney stones along with renal /ureteric colic - 

  1. Most stones which are lying in calyces of kidney are asymptomatic 
  2. Nausea & vomiting 
  3. Frequent urinary tract infections 
  4. Fever with chills 
  5. Foul smelling urine 
  6. Hesitency, frequency and burning in urination 
  7. Blood in urine (urine with a reddish, pink or brownish hue) 
  8. Passage of small stones in urine 

Treatment of renal colic 

Treatment of ureteric/renal stones involves control of symptoms and stone removal. 

  1. Expectant Treatment or Medical Expulsion Therapy: Small stones of less than 4 mm size usually pass on its own and some medicines like alpha-blockers and steroid hasten up their expulsion. Medium size stone (4-6 mm), sometimes passes with aid of these medications. But stones larger than 6 mm usually require intervention. 
  2. Lithotripsy: This method involves breaking of stones by shock waves into small dusty particles which pass through urine on its own. This is usually suitable for stones upto 1.5 cm and lying in kidneys. This is non-operative treatment which can be done on OPD or Daycare basis. 
  3. Ureteroscopy (URS): This method involves entry of very thin semirigid scope through urethra into ureter. Stone is broken by LASER and removed. This involves single day admission and spinal anaesthesia
  4. RIRS- Retrograde Intra Renal Surgery: In this method very thin flexible scope in maneuvered through urethra into the upper ureter and pelvi-calyceal system of kidney. Stones in kidney or upper ureter are broken by LASER and removed. This is also done under anaesthesia and requires a day admission. 
  5. Mini- PCNL: This method is suitable for large renal stones. In this technique, a small hole is made into the kidney through back and tiny scope is entered into the kidney. Stones are broken by LASER and removed. This is done under anaesthesia and require two to three days admission.
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My question is I try to take degnight capsules but now in my kidney I have stone case. If I take degnight capsules it will harm for me or not please tell me the reason.

My question is I try to take degnight capsules but now in my kidney I have stone case. If I take degnight capsules it...
There are reviews about serious side effects and uselessness of the capsule. We cannot increase the penis size beyond its natural size guided by genetics and the length is not really a factor in good sex and productivity
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I am 22 years old, female and had recently suffered from kidney stones. It has passed out but the problem is i've puffed up a bit and also gained around 5 kilos. Kindly tell me which diet to follow.(i'm a non vegetarian)

I am 22 years old, female and had recently suffered from kidney stones. It has passed out but the problem is i've puf...
Hello lybrate-user. Take more protein diet. And reduce the carbohydrates. Like roasted chicken. Eggs. Defatted milk. Also pulses and sprouts.
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I have 16 mm stone in ureter and more 4 5 mm in kidney please guide me to remove it.

I have 16 mm stone in ureter
and more 4 5 mm in kidney please guide me to remove it.
Food to avoid--beets, chocolate, spinach, rhubarb, brinjal, tea, tomato soup, sweet potato and most nuts are rich in oxalate, and colas, almonds, cashew, coffee, cocoa powder, potato chips, french fries, avoid vitamin c supplements drink at least twelve glasses of water daily drink citrus juices, such as orange juice eat a calcium-rich food at each meal, at least three times a day limit your intake of animal protein eat less salt, added sugar, and products containing high fructose corn syrup avoid foods and drinks high in oxalates and phosphates avoid eating or drinking anything which dehydrates you, such as alcohol. Homeopathic medicines have good results. Consult online with details.
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Kidney Stones - What Are The Signs Of It?

Kidney Stones - What Are The Signs Of It?

As we all are aware that waste products in the blood are passed through urine. This filtering process is done by the kidneys as it separates the waste products including minerals and salts, which have to be passed out through urine. Many times, these minerals and salts get stuck in your urinary tract and over a long period, this forms kidney stones. They can vary in size from a ping pong ball to the size of a sugar crystal. They are not noticed till the time they cause a blockage. Sometimes, they cause immense pain if they start breaking or are pushed into the ureters (narrow ducts which lead to the bladder).

Symptoms of kidney stones:
1. Immense pain in the groin, belly and back.
2. Pain while urinating and urination occurring frequently.
3. Blood found in the urine (haematuria).
4. Vomiting and nausea.
5. Feeling extremely restless and not being able to lie still.

Kidney stones can also cause a kidney infection. Signs of a kidney infection include:
Kidney stones can also cause infection in the kidneys as they block the passage of urine to the bladder by blocking the ureters. This leads to build up of the waste product which can result in an infection. Some of the symptoms of kidney infections could be:

1. Feeling chilly and shivering on your skin.
2. High temperature of 100.4 F (38C) or more.
3. A feeling of fatigue or weakness.
4. Immense diarrhea
5. Bad smelling and cloudy urine.

Types of Kidney stones:

1. Struvite stones: It contains ammonia and magnesium. It is usually quite large and horn-shaped.
2. Uric acid stones: Brown, smooth and softer than other kinds of kidney stones.
3. Cystine stones: They are yellow and don’t look like stones. They usually resemble crystal.
4. Calcium stones: It is composed of calcium.

What causes kidney stones?

Kidney stones can occur due to several factors. It usually forms when urine generally contains crystal substances like uric acid, calcium and oxalate. Your urine might not be able to dilute these substances resulting in the perfect environment for the formation of kidney stones. In case you are showing any of the symptoms mentioned above, you should visit your doctor immediately before the problem can worsen.

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Stone Disease - How To Avoid It?

Stone Disease - How To Avoid It?

Stone diseases are a part of health issues related to the urological system in our body. Depending on their position, they may be classified into kidney stones and ureteral stones. Stone diseases are extremely common in nature and if treated timely it does not cause much damage to the body.

Types of Stones in the Human Body:

There are four types of kidney stones and ureteral stones in the human body namely – calcium, uric acid, struvite and cystine. The main difference between kidney stones and ureteral stones is that of the location. Kidney stones are transformed into ureteral stones when they pass from the kidney into the ureter.

Warning Signs to detect Kidney and Ureteral Stones

Kidney stones may be present in your body but they do not cause any obstructions unless they move into the ureter. Symptoms to detect the presence of stones in your body include –

• Intense and shifting pain in the lower abdomen and groin
• Frequent and painful urination
• Presence of blood in the urine
Nausea and vomiting
• Frequent fever accompanied by chills

Modes of Diagnosis:

The following methods are used to diagnose kidney stones/ureteral stones in the body-

• Imaging Tests – X-rays and CT scans are used to detect the presence of bigger and smaller stones respectively.
• Urine Tests – They help to detect the presence of stone forming particles in urine thus helping to diagnose stones in the kidney.
• Blood Tests – They help display levels of calcium and uric acid in the blood and monitor the general health of kidneys.

Treatment of kidney/ureteral stones:

Treatment of stones depends on their size and severity. For smaller stones, doctors recommend drinking 2-3 litres of water per day that help in flushing out the stone through urine. Doctors also prescribe medicines which helps break down the stone and reduce pain.

If the stones are large in size and exhibit severe complications, then the urologist will resort to the following treatment procedures-

Shock Wave Lithotripsy (SWL) – In this process, a machine called lithotripter is used which passes ultrasonic waves through the skin to break up the stone into smaller components. The shattered pieces then pass out of the body through the urinary tract.

Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PNL) – This is an endoscopic method used to remove large stones, which are not possible to eliminate through SWL. This is an invasive procedure and general anaesthesia is done prior to surgery.

Ureteroscopy – In this process, a ureteroscope is inserted into the urethra to locate the stone and a tool is used to break it into smaller pieces or is taken out as a whole.

Prevention of Kidney and Ureteral Stones

Certain lifestyle changes can go a long way in preventing stones in the body. Some of them include drinking lots of healthy fluids, reducing consumption of oxalate-rich foods and animal protein, reducing sodium intake and controlling one’s body weight.

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle and taking prompt medical action in case of detection of stone lessens the harmful effect of kidney and ureteral stones in the body.

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