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Kidney Stones - What Is The Best Possible Way It Can Be Treated?

Dr.Anil Mehta 94% (682ratings)
MBBS, DNB (General Medicine)
General Physician, Delhi
Kidney Stones - What Is The Best Possible Way It Can Be Treated?

Kidney stones are often small enough and pass through urine without much bother. Most kidney stones are smaller than 4 mm in diameter. Having said this, even the smallest of kidney stones can be really painful until they pass through urine. It typically takes a couple of days for the body to get rid of it. While medication and self-care are the foremost options, there are a range of other options as well available for treating kidney stones.

Admission to a Hospital

You must get admitted to a hospital if the stone moves to the ureter, thereby resulting in severe pain. Typically kidney stones which are more than 6 mms in diameter need to be surgically removed through procedures such as ureteroscopy, percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), open surgery and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). A doctor takes a call on any of the above procedure if:

  1. The patient is inching towards a kidney failure.

  2. The pain doesn’t go away even after taking pain killers.

  3. If the patient is pregnant.

  4. If the patient is more than 60 years.

Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL)-

ESWL is one of the simple and most preferred stone removing procedures. It involves the usage of ultrasound shock waves to break the bigger stones into smaller ones. The latter is then passed through urine. A patient is given a few painkillers since this mode of treatment could be a little uncomfortable. A patient might need multiple ESWLs to successfully get rid of all the stones.


If a stone gets stuck in the ureter, a medical procedure known as the ureteroscopy is performed. In this procedure, a thin telescope is passed through the urethra and bladder to the ureter. Either a second instrument is used or the telescope itself has laser energy to break the bigger stone into smaller ones. This procedure is ideal for stones that have a diameter more than 15 mm.

Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL)

PCNL is an alternative to ESWL for removing big stones. This procedure involves the usage of nephroscope that is routed into the kidney through a small incision made behind the back of the patient. This procedure requires general anesthesia and is effective for breaking stones that have a diameter of 20 mm or more. It has a success rate of 86%.

Open Surgery:

This is one of the older methods to eradicate kidney stones. Unless the stone size is abnormally large and other procedures cannot be performed, open surgery is generally avoided. An open surgery involves making an incision and getting access to the ureter and the kidney. The surgeon then removes the stone from the kidney. This procedure requires general anesthesia and the patient needs to be under observation for at least 24 hours, post surgery.

1899 people found this helpful

Acute Kidney Failure - Know Reasons Behind It!

Dr.Kunal Raj Gandhi 93% (394ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Nephrology
Nephrologist, Delhi
Acute Kidney Failure - Know Reasons Behind It!

You're said to suffer from the problem of acute kidney failure if your kidneys suddenly stop working and lose their ability to eliminate waste materials including excess fluids and salts from the blood. The condition usually develops quickly over a few days or even a few hours. When this happens, waste materials accumulate in your blood, disrupting the chemical balance of your bloodstream.

So, what causes this problem?

Acute kidney failure can occur because of any one of these reasons:

1. A drop or slowdown of blood flow to the kidneys - Adequate blood circulation to the kidneys is of great importance as without it the kidneys may end malfunctioning. If blood flow to the kidney is hampered, a part of or the entire kidney may die. You may suffer from acute kidney failure if blood flow to the kidneys gets impaired due to conditions like

2. Urinary obstructions - A sudden blockage that hampers your kidney's ability to eliminate urine can also bring about acute kidney failure. When this happens, it leads to a build up of toxins in the body, causing an overload of the kidneys. Conditions that bring about this urinary obstruction include:

3. Disease within the kidneys - Even instances of clotting within the blood vessels of the kidneys can lead to acute kidney failure. This is because if the movement of blood cells within the blood vessels gets hampered, kidneys are not able to filter out toxins from the body. The conditions and diseases that may cause clotting, and subsequently damage to the kidneys include:

  • Scleroderma (an autoimmune disease that affects connective tissues and skin)
  • Build-up of cholesterol deposits
  • Glomerulonephritis (an inflammatory condition of the kidney's ball-shaped structures called glomeruli)
  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome (a condition that occurs due to untimely death of red blood cells)
  • Lupus (a disorder of the body's immune system that brings about damage to the body's own organs and tissues)
1155 people found this helpful

Kidney Problems - Have Homeopathy At Your Rescue!

BHMS, MD - Medicine
Homeopathy Doctor, Ghaziabad
Kidney Problems - Have Homeopathy At Your Rescue!

Among all body parts that play a role in human well-being, kidneys play the most important role that defines wellness of the physical system. The proper functioning of the kidneys decides the entire welfare of human body. Hence, maintaining the health of the kidneys is very vital for the young as well as the old. But in today’s age, because of the rise in unhealthy lifestyle of people, chronic renal failure has been on an increasing spree, causing fatal concerns.

The Rising Graveness Of Kidney Disturbances-

Chronic kidney failure is universally considered a fatal disease that terminates the normal functioning of bladder movements, which flush body toxins and waste products in the form of urine. In such medical conditions, generally, doctors prescribe dialysis, kidney transplantations and other such complicated and expensive treatments. Such procedures could also be a great threat of post-surgery effects that could hamper the body system permanently. At the same time, these treatments are neither feasible nor suitable for all patients. Taking into consideration the varying medical conditions of people, such complicated treatments could cause health hazards, which could endanger their well being.

Homeopathic Remedies To Oust Kidney Malfunctions-

Often it is seen that kidney failures do not occur on a sudden basis or due to certain lifestyles. Family history and hereditary conditions also cause certain problems in the long run. In such cases, conventional homeopathic remedies provide better healing results than the usual surgeries for the patients. Even diabetic patients are suggested to go the homeopathic way for renal malfunctions. It is also believed that early stages of kidney problems are best treated by homeopathic procedures, which prevent further damage to the kidneys. Even patients undergoing dialysis are prescribed the traditional homeopathic medications, which enable them to lead a healthy living.

Therefore, certain homeopathic medicines have played a powerful role in rectifying kidney problems. For instance, Aconite tackles loin aches and post-scarlatinal nephritis. Apocynum regulates the flow of urine and rectifies the amount of outlet. Belladonna handles conditions like excruciating burning pains in the lumbar areas and kidney inflammations. Cuprum Arsenicum cures uraemic disturbances.

Thus, it is a proven fact that homeopathy has an answer to all medical conditions. Be it any part of the body, externally or internally, homeopathic medications always ensure a sure shot cure. It not only heals the body from the ailment but also revitalizes the entire body system and charges the body functioning with new and improved vigor.  

1769 people found this helpful

Tips For Maintaining Optimum Urological Health!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology/Genito - Urinary Surgery
Urologist, Delhi
Tips For Maintaining Optimum Urological Health!

The urinary system in both men and women are susceptible to infections and many other internal disorders. Although many of the disorders may be caused due to underlying diseases or hereditary causes, many others may be caused due to bad lifestyle habits as well as personal hygiene issues. Personal hygiene issues will not only lead to infections, but if left unchanged, may cause more serious problems such as tumors over time. However, with the help of some basic tips and following some daily routine, you can ensure good urological health over time. Some of these are mentioned below:

  1. Drink plenty of water daily: This is applicable to both men and women and it is important, especially in a country like India where hot and humid conditions prevail for most of the time. A common figure quoted most of the time is 2 to 3 liters of water daily although this is quite arbitrary and may change from person to person and climate to climate. What is important is that you should remain hydrated and calculate an ideal amount of water consumption. This is necessary to stop stone formation in the gallbladder, kidney, ureter and other areas of the genitourinary system.
  2. Cleaning tips for men: It is important to ensure proper hygiene for good penile health. Uncircumcised males should retract their foreskin while taking a bath and clean out the smegma or white accumulations from around the glans. This will reduce the chances of inflammations and urinary tract infections from occurring. Circumcised males should thoroughly wash the penis as well to keep it clean.
  3. Regular ejaculation: Men are advised to ejaculate regularly either through masturbation or through sexual stimulation as it is beneficial in many ways. Ejaculation helps clear the tracts, exercises the prostate and also keeps the pattern of proper blood flow to the penis active. It maintains urological health as well as your sexual health.
  4. Don’t hold your urine for too long: Although this is especially applicable for women, it can be bad for men too. Holding the urine within your body for too long may result in an infection and may also make your bladder muscles weaker resulting in urinary incontinence later in life. Women, especially should be careful as they have a shorter urethra leading from the bladder and thus are more prone to getting urinary tract infections in this manner.
  5. Avoid harsh soaps and use milder ones to regularly cleanse the groin area: The groin is one of the moistest areas, as it remains covered up most of the time. This makes it an ideal breeding ground for bacteria. It is important that you clean this area every day thoroughly with mild soap. Also, after urination, women should wipe front to back i.e. from the opening of the vagina towards the anus while wiping down after urinating or cleaning. This is to ensure that fecal bacteria don’t get into the vagina as it can cause a host of infections.
  6. Tips for sexual intercourse: It is important for both men and women to urinate, wash and clean after sexual intercourse as this can help clean the bacteria that may have come from one partner’s genitals into the other. Women should especially follow this advice as it can help keep many infections at bay.
  7. Changes in certain foods: Reduce caffeine intake through tea or coffee as it can irritate your bladder. It can also act as a diuretic which makes you urinate frequently. This will result in your bladder becoming weaker. Also, reduce salt intake as it can increase blood pressure and end up damaging the kidney to the point of permanent kidney damage or kidney failure.
3401 people found this helpful

Kidney Health - 6 Ways To Ensure It!

Dr.D.K. Agarwal 90% (211ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Nephrology, DNB (Nephrology)
Nephrologist, Delhi
Kidney Health - 6 Ways To Ensure It!

The kidney is a crucial detoxifying organ that performs a lot of functions including, absorption of minerals, filtration of blood and production of hormones and urine. It also helps your body to maintain a healthy PH level. Since kidney failure can prove to be fatal, it is essential to keep it healthy, to ensure smooth function of your system.

The following are the tips to ensure the health of your kidneys:

  1. Adequate intake of water: It is advised to drink a minimum of 8 glasses of water daily, to help your kidneys function properly.  Adequate intake of water ensures that your body is able to flush out the harmful toxins at regular intervals.  However, in case if you are already suffering from kidney disease, this point is not applicable.
  2. Control your blood pressure and blood sugar level: Diabetes is one of the major causes of kidney failure. It is recommended to control your blood sugar level on a regular basis to ensure the healthy functioning of your kidney. People who have a high level of blood sugar and blood pressure are more susceptible to suffer from kidney disorders.
  3. Quit tobacco: Accumulations of toxins in your body tend to have a harmful impact on not only your kidneys but also on your overall health. It is strictly recommended to quit smoking and using other forms of tobacco to protect your kidneys from damage. 
  4. Reduce weight: Obesity and the problem of excessive body fat are harmful to your body in more than ways than one. Being overweight makes you more susceptible to develop kidney cancer. Therefore, it is advisable to lose a few kilos to ensure the proper functioning of your kidneys.
  5. Avoid intake of analgesics without prescription: Most analgesics have the tendency to be harsh on your kidneys.  Ingestion of analgesics increases your risk of developing kidney cancer. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, and acetaminophen are some of the analgesics, which are known to affect your kidneys in the long term. Therefore, it is necessary to avoid taking them without consulting a doctor.
  6. Include healthy food in your diet: If you increase the intake of green vegetables in your diet, it will help your body to accelerate the process of detoxification.  Fruits and vegetables including watermelon, cranberries, blueberries, strawberries, apples, cabbage, cauliflower, peppers, garlic and onions provide considerable aid in removing the toxins out of your system. However, in case if you are already suffering from kidney disease, this point is not applicable.
1172 people found this helpful

Renal Failure - How Can Homeopathy Tackle It?

Homeopathy Doctor, Surat
Renal Failure - How Can Homeopathy Tackle It?

Elimination of the waste products is the core function performed by our kidneys. Any failure or any infections to the kidney can hamper this process thus leading to a condition where the waste could accumulate in the body. These body fluids can rise to dangerous levels and are often life-threatening. In medical terms, they are known as acute kidney failure. Though there are countless options and medical treatments available in treating them, nothing can beat a homeopathy approach in treating the symptoms. Come, let us take a look at how homeopathy can be used in treating acute renal failure.

Acute kidney renal failure happens over a period of time and can be due to many reasons. Some of them are severe or sudden dehydration, toxic kidney injury due to certain medications, autoimmune kidney diseases, and urinary tract obstruction. Reduced blood flow can also damage the kidneys to a considerable extent, and these can include low blood pressure, internal hemorrhage, injury, surgery or a serious illness. Kidney failures are themselves, not a disease but they lead to many complications that may result in utmost discomfort and life-threatening consequences. The main symptoms of kidney failure can include bloody stools, generalized swelling or fluid retention, fatigue, pain in the ribs, hand tremor, prolonged bleeding, nausea, vomiting and high blood pressure. Urinary discharges can entirely stop or can flow continuously; often with a lot of pain.

In some extreme cases, the degeneration can happen very quickly and can be a medical emergency. Though conventional medicines can help in treating the symptoms, homeopathy offers the most practical solutions available in the market with a long-term focus in mind. Homeopathy uses a simple principle of treating the person as a whole. The complete nature of the individual is understood first before imparting the treatment. The medical history of the patient and his physical and mental constitution are all taken into the picture before the treatment is prescribed. The patient can find himself only talking with the homeopathic doctors initially in the sessions. This is done so that the patient is looked upon as a person - as an individual first and not as an element of the disease. This helps in imparting the best homeopathy treatment depending on the individual's vulnerability and their preferences.

Homeopathy has a high success rate in treating a person with acute renal kidney failure. The biggest advantage is that there are no side effects, unlike conventional treatments. The doctor focuses the treatment plan in such a way that the condition is arrested first and no further degeneration occurs. Then in the second stage, they start to estimate the root cause. A patient can feel the results mostly within a few weeks and if treatment is followed properly, a person can get completely cured within a few months. Many homeopathy medicines would be prescribed during the treatment. However, care should be taken to not exceed the dosage.

Conventional medicines can treat these renal failures. However, the biggest disadvantage is that in more chronic cases they lead to kidney transplantation and other complications. In other words, homeopathy can be your sensible choice of medicine in the long run. This medicine focuses more on the human value of the person rather than the medical condition.

1666 people found this helpful

Kidney Failure - Does Homeopathy Has An Answer For It?

Dr.Vankeri Susheela 87% (10ratings)
Homeopathy Doctor, Hyderabad
Kidney Failure - Does Homeopathy Has An Answer For It?

The kidneys may be small in size but perform a major function in the human body. One of the most important functions of the kidneys is to remove waste from the body through urine. An inability to do this is termed as a renal failure. Kidney failure can be triggered by a number of conditions and hence prevention is the best cure for it. Once it has been diagnosed, the aim of treatment then is to prevent further deterioration and preserve the functioning of the kidneys.

Homoeopathy is often used to treat kidney failure. This form of treatment addresses both the symptoms showcased by the patient and his or her overall physical and mental health. It has negligible side effects and hence can be prescribed to people of all ages.

The key causes of kidney failure is the presence of stone, blood in urine and pains radiating to thighs while urinating.

Some common homeopathic remedies for kidney failure are:

  1. Apis mellifica: This medicine is often prescribed in cases where the patient exhibits swelling of the face and extremities as well as paleness and pain in the head and back. It can be used to treat any form of Bright’s disease which is accompanied by dull pain in the kidneys, frequent micturition and scanty urine. The patient may also complain of the blood being present in the urine. Drowsiness, body aches and breathlessness are other symptoms this remedy can address.
  2. Apocynum: Kidney failure that causes scanty urine or dropsical conditions can be treated with apocynum. This medicine may also be used in cases when the patient suffers convulsions or goes into a coma as a result of kidney failure.
  3. Arsenicum: This is used to treat kidney failure that causes dropsy, paleness, diarrhea and excessive thirst. In such cases, patients may also have darkened urine which contains albumin and the urge to urinate may be more frequent. Arsenicum is also beneficial in cases where the patient suffers from dyspnoea attacks while lying down in the latter half of the day.
  4. Belladonna: Belladonna is often used to treat inflammation of the kidneys that is accompanied by burning pains in the lumbar region. These pains may recur periodically with an increased amount of pain each time.
  5. Cantharis: Kidney failure that causes cutting pain in the lumbar region can be treated with cantharis. Scanty urine that may have blood is another symptom that can be treated with this remedy.
  6. Convallaria: Kidney failure caused by heart conditions can be treated with this homeopathic remedy. In such cases, along with the symptoms of kidney failure, the patient may also complain of an irregular heartbeat.

Apart from the above-mentioned medicines, Berberis and Vulgaris are also very effective and highly recommended Homeopathic medicines which are recommended to treat kidney failure.

1213 people found this helpful

What Are The Causes Leading To Kidney Failure?

Dr.D.K. Agarwal 90% (211ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Nephrology, DNB (Nephrology)
Nephrologist, Delhi
What Are The Causes Leading To Kidney Failure?

You may experience a kidney failure when your kidneys are unable to filter waste from your blood in a sufficient amount. Several factors such as toxic exposure to pollutants, extreme dehydration, kidney trauma and other chronic diseases may lead to kidney failure. The body gets overloaded with toxins, which may trigger kidney failure.

General Causes-
People prone to kidney failure generally suffer from one or several of these following conditions:

  1. Loss of blood flow to the kidney
  2. Sudden loss of blood flow into the kidney may cause kidney failure. Several conditions and diseases such as heart attack, heart diseases, severe burns, allergic reactions, severe infections or scarring of the liver may cause loss of blood. Anti-inflammatory medicines, as well as medicines for blood pressure, are used for managing blood flow.
  3. Diabetes and High Blood Pressure are one of the main cause of chronic kidney disease. Controlling blood sugar levels and maintain blood pressure in the normal range can prevent kidney failure.
  4. Problems with the elimination of urine
  5. When the body is unable to eliminate urine, toxins are built up, which cause overloading of the kidneys. The urine passageways may get blocked due to certain types of cancers, such as colon, bladder and cervical cancer.
  6. Several other conditions such as kidney stones, enlarged prostate and blood clots developing within the urinary tract can lead to problems with urine elimination.

Other causes-
Many other conditions may lead to kidney failure. These include blood clots around the kidney, infections, toxic overload from heavy metals, alcohol and drugs. Others include:

  1. An inflammatory disease of blood vessels
  2. Lupus, an autoimmune disease, which causes inflammation of several organs of the body
  3. Glomerulonephritis, a condition which involves inflammation of blood vessels of the kidney
  4. Hemolytic uremic syndrome, a condition where red blood cells are broken down after a bacterial infection
  5. Multiple myelomas, a cancer of the plasma cells present in the bone marrow
  6. Scleroderma, an autoimmune disease in which your skin is affected
  7. Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, a disorder causing blood clots in small vessels
  8. Chemotherapy drugs, which are used for cancer treatment
  9. Certain dyes used for imaging tests
  10. Several antibiotic medicines

There are several symptoms, which indicate kidney failure. In some cases, symptoms are not experienced. Generally, the common symptoms of kidney failure include the following:

  1. Reduced amount of urine
  2. Swelling of ankles, feet and legs due to fluid retention as the kidneys cannot eliminate sufficient waste
  3. Shortness of breath
  4. Fatigue and drowsiness
  5. Nausea
  6. Feeling confused
  7. Pain and pressure in the chest
  8. Seizures and coma

There are several types of kidney failure in general. They include acute prerenal kidney failure, acute intrinsic kidney failure, chronic prerenal kidney failure, chronic intrinsic kidney failure and chronic post-renal kidney failure. It is recommended that you consult a doctor upon experiencing any of the above-mentioned symptoms.

1080 people found this helpful

A Detailed Study About Swap Kidney Transplantation!

Dr.Suresh Kumar Bhagat 89% (36ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS General Surgery, Christian Medical College Vellore
Urologist, Mumbai
A Detailed Study About Swap Kidney Transplantation!

Kidney failure is an acute health problem, which leads to either treatment through transplanting a new healthy kidney. Still, less than 10% of those, who suffer from kidney failure, undergo a kidney transplant with the help of a family donor and around 1% of the patients do so with the kidney of a deceased donor. The remaining candidates, who need to undergo treatment for kidney failure, go for dialysis as they cannot find a family donor or any deceased donor.

There are even hurdles faced by kidney failure patients, wherein they are unable to go ahead with the treatment as the blood group of the prospective donor does not match with the patient. This is when the SWAP Kidney Transplant becomes ideal for them.

What Is Swap Kidney Transplant?
Swap Kidney Transplant or Kidney Exchange is simply a barter system, where a give and take policy takes place between two pairs of people.

Some important points include:

  1. Each pair consists of a giver and a taker and both the pairs benefit by receiving an organ that gets matched completely.
  2. This barter framework gives the opportunity to maximize returns in an exponential manner where there is a large pool and complicated algorithms in order to get the kidneys exchanged, are built into it.
  3. Swap pair consists of a patient, who is the receiver and a donor, who can be a family member.
  4. These kinds of pairs are such that organs cannot get exchanged between one another in an ordinary manner, due to incompatibility of blood groups or tissues.

How does the treatment actually take place?
Swap Kidney Transplant is a process where the exchange of organs takes place between two families, who are not able to donate the organ to their own family member as there is a blood group mismatch. Hence, this method involves sharing of organs between pair of donor and recipient who are not related.
By doing a swap, where the two patients could not have undergone kidney transplant because of blood group mismatch, they can now easily go ahead with their kidney transplantation.

2253 people found this helpful

Kidney Failure - Knowing The Symptoms Of It!

Dr.Niranjan Kejriwal 88% (16ratings)
M. Ch Urology, M.S, Surgery
Urologist, Siliguri
Kidney Failure - Knowing The Symptoms Of It!

Kidneys are an important part of the human body. From filtering wastes from the blood to maintain the blood pressure and red blood cell count in the body, the kidney does it all. Both the kidneys are essential organs and should there be any discomfort in the kidneys, one should consult a medical practitioner as soon as possible. 

Kidney failure is a common problem in people. This issue manifests itself with certain signs and symptoms. One should listen to these symptoms and act quickly before the condition worsens. Interestingly, in the initial stages, kidney failure portrays no symptoms. It starts developing slowly and steadily causing discomfort in other parts of the body and hindering the working of other organs.

Here are some of the signs and symptoms of kidney failure:

  1. Body swelling: The earliest symptom of kidney failure is body swelling. The patient specifically observes facial puffiness and feet swelling when his/her kidney fails.

  2. Weakness: If you are suffering from kidney failure, you will start feeling weak. Weakness is however not a symptom which can confirm a kidney failure. Weakness is caused due to many other health issues and thus, you need to verify with other symptoms to be sure of the fact that you are suffering from kidney failure only.

  3. Shortness of Breath: You may start experiencing heavy breathing right after doing some rigorous work. In fact, you might feel shortness of breath or be panting for long moments after climbing just a set of stairs. Shortness of breath is quite common indicating that the body is getting tired after doing work. Such indication, more than once a day, calls for an immediate check-up of the body.

  4. Lethargy: While most people, especially the young generation to those in the early thirties jokingly declare themselves as lazy people; lethargy, however, is a symptom of many diseases. Various health issues develop if you feel lethargic of working. Apart from kidney failure, diabetes is also manifested in lethargic body movements. At times, just getting out of the bed in the morning seems very tiring and one continues to lie on the bed even after he/she is fully awake.

  5. Stomach Pain: If you experience pain in the stomach, especially in the sides, then it should be immediately checked by a medical practitioner. Doctors say that kidney failure can bring about stomach pains.

  6. Unusual Urine Discharges: This would include clear urine discharges which indicate that the kidney has stopped filtering the waste products.

Thus, these are some of the most important and common symptoms of kidney failure. If you notice any of these, it is advised to visit a doctor for a check-up.

962 people found this helpful

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