The kidneys are bean-shaped organs located on either side of the spine behind the abdominal organs. Their main function is the removal of wastes from the body. On any given day, the kidneys filter out about 200 litres of blood and remove the toxins from the body via water.
In addition to this, the kidneys also produce hormones which help in vitamin D regulation and blood pressure control. Also, the red blood cell production in the bone marrow is promoted by the kidneys.
Due to ageing or injury, the kidneys can get damaged which can deeply affect their function. Chronic kidney disease is caused by damage to the kidneys that occurs over months to years. The normal rate of filtration of the kidneys is known as glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and the normal value is about 90.
Lower the GFR, greater the severity of the kidney disease, as below
Stage I – Slight kidney damage reduction of about 90
Stage II – Mild kidney damage with GFR in the range of 60 to 90
Stage III – Moderate kidney damage with GFR between 30 and 60
Stage IV – Severe kidney damage with GFR between 15 and 30
Stage V – Kidney failure which often requires dialysis.
GFR is calculated using a formula that includes a person’s age, gender, race, and serum creatinine levels. Once kidney damage onsets, it may take years for progression. The sooner it is identified, the better is the prognosis.
Older age, feminine gender, diabetes, hypertension, smoking, obesity, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, kidney problems like polycystic disease, and recurrent kidney infections are some risk factors for developing chronic kidney disease.
Kidney damage can occur for a long time before the symptoms become evident. Also, if one kidney is affected by the loss of function, the other kidney often will compensate by taking the additional load. Over a period of time though, given that it has various functions, different symptoms will manifest. Common ones include:
Increased frequency of urination, especially at night
Increased fluid retention in the body, leading to puffiness of the ankles and eyes
Increased blood pressure
Increased fluid accumulation in the lungs, leading to shortness of breath, even with minimal exertion
Fluid around the heart leading to chest pain
Reduced red blood cell production, leading to anemia
Weak bones, due to vitamin D deficiency, leading to bone pain and even fractures
Generalized weakness and lethargy
Increased blood pressure
In a person who has likely risk factors, these symptoms should be watched for. Early detection helps in arresting disease progression and reduced treatment interventions.
In this summer many people want to drink soft drinks or packed fruit juices like real or tropicana to satisfy their thrist, but countries like india where the temperatures are high this behaviour may cause kidney damage. Hot and humid climate causes increased metabolic load on the kidney to excrete the high waste generated due to dehydration. If we take sugar based drinks which contain fructose it will further increase the load on the kidneys by increasing the uric acid production in body. So to protect your kidney better avoid soft drinks and consume more water or you can take traditional indian drinks like butter milk or lime water which provide more electrolytes to the body.
The second Thursday of March is celebrated every year as World Kidney Day. The day is marked by a global campaign aimed at increasing awareness about kidneys. In 2006 when it had initially begun, 66 countries had taken part. In 2 years, the number had gone up to 88 countries. The International Federation of Kidney Foundations (IFKF) and the International Society of Nephrology (ISN) had come together and taken the initiative to make people aware of kidney health.
What are the objectives of World Kidney Day?
The objectives of World Kidney Day are as follows –
To increase awareness by highlighting risk factors like Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and high blood pressure
To encourage diabetics and people with hypertension to get their kidneys checked
To encourage people to take preventative measures
To push local and national health authorities to take steps to control the CKD epidemic
To encourage organ donation and transplantation in case of kidney failure
This year, World Kidney Day will be observed on 12th March 2020. Each year, there is a different theme for World Kidney Day.
World Kidney Day 2020 Theme
The 2020 Theme for World Kidney Day is ‘Kidney Health for Everyone Everywhere – from Prevention to Detection and Equitable Access to Care’
In 2020, the main focus is on making ‘Preventive Intervention’. It can be broken down into three parts –
Primary Prevention- This refers to intervening and making healthy life choices before the onset of the disease.
Secondary Prevention- This refers to intervening as early as possible leading to a diagnosis and taking care of any sign of kidney disease to stop it from developing further.
Tertiary Prevention- This refers to managing and treating kidney diseases once it is well established. The idea is to control the progression of the disease and avoid more complications.
What do your kidneys do for you?
These bean-shaped organs work relentlessly to keep you healthy. The main functions of the kidney include –
They make urine
They help in removing toxins from your blood
Kidneys help in maintaining the chemical balance of the body
They help in regulating your blood pressure
Kidneys also contribute towards your bone health
Kidneys help in making red blood cells
What is CKD?
CKD or Chronic Kidney Disease is a condition that is characterized by the gradual loss of kidney function. The prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease amongst Indians clocks at 17.2%. Amongst the cohorts, about 18.8% were found to be diabetics and 43.1% were suffering from hypertension.
What are the other risk factors for kidney diseases?
Acute kidney injury caused by damage from medicines, a sudden drop in blood flow to kidneys, or sudden blockage that stops urine
High Blood Pressure
High Blood Cholesterol
#MyGr8Rule- Just another hashtag?
An initiative taken by the World Kidney Day committee, #MyGr8Rule is a symbolic gesture to remind people of eight golden rules that can help them be more aware and take better care of their kidneys. The committee is urging people to complete one or more of the 8 golden rules, take a picture of themselves in action, use the ‘Rules’ photo frame and share it on their social media with #MyGr8Rule. The eight golden rules are –
Keep fit, be active – exercise more often
Have a healthy diet – fill your plates with leafy greens, fruits, whole grains, and healthy fats
Check and control your blood pressure level
Check and control your blood sugar level
Maintain appropriate fluid intake
Refrain from taking over-the-counter pain-killer or anti-inflammatory pills regularly
Get your kidneys checked if you have any high-risk factors like
Family history of kidney disease
Look after these amazing organs as they look after you. This 12th March, pledge to follow the eight golden rules and keep yourself and your loved ones healthy.
The kidneys are responsible for the elimination of waste from the body. The blood is filtered in the kidneys and all toxic wastes are filtered out and excreted through urine. When this filtration does not happen effectively, a lot of waste can be found in the blood, which affects normal body function.
Kidneys may lose their functioning either due to age, injury, or disease conditions. Whatever the reason, when kidney function is hampered, the body suffers. If there was an injury or congenital problem, it could be unilateral and the non-affected kidney could still do the function. However, if it is infection or old age, normally both kidneys are affected and then replacement should be looked for externally. This is where a kidney transplant comes into the picture.
What is it?
It is a surgery where a healthy, functioning kidney is placed into the body. The donor could be
Identifying the right donor and recipient:
What to expect during surgery?
Kidney transplant success rates are quite high, and more and more people are opting for transplants as opposed to dialysis.
Human urine is a useful tool for the diagnosis and detection of several health conditions. The colour, smell and density of your urine can reveal a lot about the state of your health. Colour, especially, is a strong determinant of many ailments or concerns.
Here is a list of the health conditions you might be suffering from, based on the colour of your urine:
Your urine tells a lot about your health by its colour, odour and density. The colour is an essential determinant for detecting several health conditions, which may be simple or chronic in nature. In case of abnormal urine colour or appearance, you should consult a doctor without delay.
Among all body parts that play a role in human well-being, kidneys play the most important role that defines wellness of the physical system. The proper functioning of the kidneys decides the entire welfare of human body. Hence, maintaining the health of the kidneys is very vital for the young as well as the old. But in today’s age, because of the rise in unhealthy lifestyle of people, chronic renal failure has been on an increasing spree, causing fatal concerns.
The Rising Graveness Of Kidney Disturbances-
Chronic kidney failure is universally considered a fatal disease that terminates the normal functioning of bladder movements, which flush body toxins and waste products in the form of urine. In such medical conditions, generally, doctors prescribe dialysis, kidney transplantations and other such complicated and expensive treatments. Such procedures could also be a great threat of post-surgery effects that could hamper the body system permanently. At the same time, these treatments are neither feasible nor suitable for all patients. Taking into consideration the varying medical conditions of people, such complicated treatments could cause health hazards, which could endanger their well being.
Homeopathic Remedies To Oust Kidney Malfunctions-
Often it is seen that kidney failures do not occur on a sudden basis or due to certain lifestyles. Family history and hereditary conditions also cause certain problems in the long run. In such cases, conventional homeopathic remedies provide better healing results than the usual surgeries for the patients. Even diabetic patients are suggested to go the homeopathic way for renal malfunctions. It is also believed that early stages of kidney problems are best treated by homeopathic procedures, which prevent further damage to the kidneys. Even patients undergoing dialysis are prescribed the traditional homeopathic medications, which enable them to lead a healthy living.
Therefore, certain homeopathic medicines have played a powerful role in rectifying kidney problems. For instance, Aconite tackles loin aches and post-scarlatinal nephritis. Apocynum regulates the flow of urine and rectifies the amount of outlet. Belladonna handles conditions like excruciating burning pains in the lumbar areas and kidney inflammations. Cuprum Arsenicum cures uraemic disturbances.
Thus, it is a proven fact that homeopathy has an answer to all medical conditions. Be it any part of the body, externally or internally, homeopathic medications always ensure a sure shot cure. It not only heals the body from the ailment but also revitalizes the entire body system and charges the body functioning with new and improved vigor.
The blood vessels are elastic tubules controlled by valves through which blood flows. Depending on the organ and the distance from the heart, these vessels should be of a certain thickness to ensure proper blood supply, this maintains a constant normal pressure of the blood flow. In this condition, the blood vessels are narrowed, which results in reduced blood supply, affecting optimal function.
Both conditions result in narrowed blood vessels, and when the vessels supplying the kidneys are affected, there is reduced blood flow, which is interpreted as low blood pressure, leading to hormone release which increases the blood pressure. So, one of the main symptoms of renal artery stenosis is uncontrollable blood pressure.
Risk factors: The following factors put an individual at a higher risk of developing renal artery stenosis.
Symptoms: Though there are no obvious manifestations, uncontrolled high blood pressure can require renal artery stenosis to be ruled out. Some tests to be done include:
Treatment: This would be a two-pronged approach in terms of reducing risks and improving blood pressure.
In very severe cases, angioplasty and stenting may be required. A catheter (tube) is inserted into the affected blood vessel and a balloon is then inflated to open up the artery. A stent may also be placed to keep the vessel open and ensure optimal blood flow. This comes with its own complications and requires long-term care and monitoring.
In very severe cases, bypass of the artery or surgical removal of the affected portion of the kidney may also be required.
If you are concerned about your health, it is important for you to keep your kidneys protected from several harmful conditions. There are several types of kidney disorders, which may develop if your kidneys are not well cared for. This may include overload of toxins, acute renal failure, chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease. Kidney cancer is another fatal threat.
Steps to keep your kidneys healthy
There are several ways you can undertake for keeping your kidneys safe. They include the following:
With proper care and management of your kidneys, you will be able to prevent several harmful conditions. One should get the Kidney function test and Ultrasound done to check that the kidney is functioning normally. If you experience any symptom associated with kidney disorders, consult a doctor immediately.
Nowadays green tea has become highly popular among people not only because of its nutrients but also it’s capacity to fight chronic conditions like diabetes and heart disease. Surprisingly green tea also protects the progression of kidney disease. If a moderated amount of green tea is consumed on a regular basis then it is helpful for the people suffering from any kidney problem.
Green tea extracts are proven to solve kidney problems and give life extension by preventing kidney damage. There are various benefits of drinking green tea such as antioxidants, catechins, and ECGC which are known for showing beneficial effects on the problems related to kidney.
It has been investigated that green tea the effects of antioxidants mainly polyphenol present in green tea prevent hyperuricemia which is responsible for chronic kidney disease and preglomerular arteriopathy. The progression of kidney disease is also stopped with the help of green tea as it activates the Jagged1/Notch1-STAT3 pathway.
Green tea also has a high level of epigallocatechin gallate which also creates a hindrance in the formation of kidney stones. Doctors also recommend green tea to prevent kidney damage and end-stage renal failure.
Green tea contains ECG (Epicatechin gallate). A potent anti-oxidant preventing kidney damage. It also reduces inflammation and cell death. Thus proves to be a potent anti-cancer therapy. Green tea also prevents oxidative stress caused during malaria infection that leads to impaired renal function, which is a common reason for death among malarial patients.
As it is well known that green tea consists of antioxidants and if 1 decaffeinated green tea capsule is taken by the patient going through dialysis then it can help to improve many things which include:
Green tea can be possibly unsafe if it is consumed in a high quantity that is 7-8 cups a day because it also contains caffeine, which is not good for kidney diseases but there are very few instances of this.
If green tea is taken in larger quantity then it may disrupt kidney function by diminishing anti-oxidant enzymes and expression of heat-shock proteins. This happens due to the toxicity of polyphenols present in green tea.
People suffering from high blood pressure should consume green tea in less quantity due to the presence of caffeine in it. As it enhances the chances of the risk of kidney disease and even declines the rate of kidney functions. Thus leads to a sudden increase in blood pressure.
Hence, green tea has many potential benefits and can also be consumed during kidney problems. But if you have any doubts or you face any complication then you can consult your healthcare expert and can know more about it.
The kidney is a crucial detoxifying organ that performs a lot of functions including, absorption of minerals, filtration of blood and production of hormones and urine. It also helps your body to maintain a healthy PH level. Since kidney failure can prove to be fatal, it is essential to keep it healthy, to ensure smooth function of your system.
The following are the tips to ensure the health of your kidneys: