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Kidney Disease Tips

Why Kidney Transplant Should Be Preferred Over Dialysis?

Dr. Priyadarshi Ranjan 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Urology, Fellowship, Faculty (Assistant Professor)
Urologist, Mohali
Why Kidney Transplant Should Be Preferred Over Dialysis?

If your doctor ever diagnoses you with chronic kidney disease, he/she will give you two options to choose from. The first option is to undergo dialysis for the rest of your life, while the other option is to undergo a kidney transplant. While you may prefer avoiding a major surgery, such as a transplant, dialysis is not the best solution for your condition.

Here are some reasons why you should consider kidney transplant surgery over dialysis if you are looking for better health for the long-term:

1. Increases your life expectancy: What you may not know is that people on dialysis treatment have a severely reduced life expectancy. For instance, if you are 30 years old when dialysis starts, the treatment will keep you alive at most for 15 more years. Therefore, you may not even survive until your fifties with dialysis treatment for your damaged kidneys.

However, if you transplant a healthy kidney your life expectancy increases by 30 to 40 years. Keep in mind that kidneys from living donors are better and will help you live longer.

2. Eliminates the need for undergoing dialysis: If you choose dialysis over transplant surgery, you will need to undergo the treatment on a daily basis. This is not only costly but also affects your quality of life. For instance, a patient on dialysis will need to make special arrangements if he/she wants to go on a vacation with family so that his treatment continues even during the trip.

With a kidney transplant surgery, once you recover from the operation, you can live a normal life, without the need for daily treatment.

3. Lower cost of treatment: While you may think kidney transplant surgery is the costlier option between it and dialysis, you would be wrong to assume so. In kidney transplantation surgery, you pay a hefty amount at the time of the operation. However, in the case of dialysis, you pay smaller sums over very long periods. When you add up these small sums over 10-15 years of dialysis, you will find that transplantation is the cheaper option.

If you are young and have a long life ahead of you, kidney transplantation should be the first and foremost choice of treatment for chronic kidney disease. You can undergo dialysis while you wait for a donor and then receive a healthy organ.

Kidney Problems - How Homeopathy Can Resolve It?

Dr. Rizwan Khan 91% (99 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Gwalior
Kidney Problems - How Homeopathy Can Resolve It?

Kidney failure or infections are usually unsafe and serious diseases. Their consequences affect every single other organ in the body. Minor problems in the kidney may demonstrate no side effects. However, when the sickness progresses, it can bring about numerous serious indications, for example, seizure, tissue squandering, gastrointestinal bleeding and a failure state. Total kidney failure requires routine dialysis until a transplant operation can be performed.

Homeopathy, on the other hand, is a very effective cure for kidney problems. It eradicates the problem from its roots and helps prevent any further diseases and problems in the kidney. Homoeopathic solutions have had been successful in treating kidney diseases for which standard prescription give no cure and are not effective. Some of the homoeopathic cures are as follows:

  1. Ammonium carb's rubrics: Taken when there is excruciating pee. This includes white, burning, insufficient, painful or orange urine with drowsiness and weakness.
  2. Apis mel's rubrics: These are used when there is general oedema or swelling, kidney aggravation and inability to pass urine.
  3. Arsenic alb's rubrics: This occurs when there is trouble in passing urine. Also useful in case of uremia, nephritis, urgent need to urinate or urinating without knowing.
  4. Aurum met's rubrics: When there is difficulty in maintenance of urine and the urine constitutes of mucous like residue.
  5. Berberis' rubrics: When there is hypertension, renal (kidney) stones, dull yellow or green urine and neuralgic pain originating from the kidneys.
  6. Cannabis indica’s rubric: Used in case of urinary tract diseases.
  7. Cantharsis' rubrics: This is used in cases of delicacy in kidney regions, renal colic and nephritis (kidney irritation).
  8. Chelidonium's rubrics: These are effective when a person goes through the urge of urinating a lot at night when there are abundant urination and pale white pee.
  9. Cuprum Aas' rubrics: When there is kidney failure, excruciating pee and stained pee.
  10. Cuprum met's rubrics: It is used when a person goes through bed-wetting, extremely watery urine, and feels shooting pain in the urethra.
  11. Helonia's rubrics: Used when there is kidney irritation, albuminous (white) pee, sickliness, cramps and bluntness.
  12. Juniper's rubrics: Used when there is difficulty in retaining water.
  13. Kali carb's rubric: Used in case of kidney stones, and is a general solution for problems in the kidneys.
  14. Sanicula's rubrics: Used when the bladder is swollen, there are kidney stones and kidney irritation.
  15. Terebinthum's rubrics: When there is blood in the urine, kidney irritation and urinary tract aggravation.
  16. Urea's rubrics: In cases of are general oedema (swelling because of water maintenance) and extreme pain in the urethra.
  17. Opium's rubrics: Used in cases of uremia (a type of blood disease), general oedema, dark stool, white urine, concealment of urine, swelling of the stomach, mucous-like urine and uremic shakings.
1 person found this helpful

How Does Kidney Disease Cause Hypertension?

Dr. Sanjiv Saxena 90% (46 ratings)
DNB (Nephrology), MD, MBBS
Nephrologist, Delhi
How Does Kidney Disease Cause Hypertension?

Renal hypertension is a disorder which is characterized by a rise in the blood pressure that results from kidney disease. The blood flow to the kidney is impaired due to the narrowing of the arteries and this leads to renovascular hypertension. 

Symptoms

The various symptoms of renal hypertension are-

1. High blood pressureYou may experience symptoms of high blood pressure.
2. Impaired functioning of the kidneys- Your kidneys may not function properly due to the impaired supply of blood
3. It may lead to presence of blood in your urine
4. You may be affected by pulmonary edema that results in accumulation of fluid in the lungs
5. It may result in severe headaches and confusion
6. You may experience blurred vision
7. You may have nosebleeds
The impaired kidney function may also lead to chronic kidney damage. 

Causes
The various causes of renal hypertension are-


1. Accumulation of cholesterol in the body may lead to blockage of the artery due to plaque buildup
2. Smoking may increase your chances of getting affected by narrow arteries
The narrowing of the arteries causes a reduction in the blood supply to the kidneys. This results in the kidneys to release various hormones that instruct the body to hold on to water and sodium. This causes the fluid to accumulate in the blood vessels, thus resulting in high blood pressure. 

The various risk factors renal hypertension are-

1. Excessive alcohol consumption
2. Substance abuse
3. Diabetes
4. High blood pressure
5. High cholesterol
6. Aging

Treatment
Medications used to treat high blood pressure are used to treat renal hypertension. It is important that you get your blood pressure levels checked on a regular basis. You need to make certain lifestyle changes such as-

1. Exercise on a regular basis to keep your heart and body healthy
2. Limit consumption of alcohol and reduce smoking
3. Eat well balanced meals to keep obesity at bay
4. Keep your mind free of stress
5. Restrict consumption of salt
6. Maintain optimal weight levels

2 people found this helpful

How To Recognise Kidney Failure?

Dr. Ashok Kumar Gupta 87% (53 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Genitourinary Surgery, DNB - Urology
Urologist, Delhi
How To Recognise Kidney Failure?

The kidneys are two small organs located in the abdomen. The main function performed by these organs is the filtering of the blood. Kidneys help remove waste from the blood which they turn into urine so that it may be excreted from the body. In doing this they also help regulate blood pressure, maintain the production of red blood cells, and sustain the electrolyte balance. When the kidneys do not function properly, the results could be fatal.

Hence, it is important to be able to recognize the early signs and symptoms of Kidney failure.

  1. Tiredness: A decrease in kidney functioning can cause toxins to build up in the body and blood. This can make a person feel more tired than usual and keep them from concentrating on simple tasks. Kidney failure is also associated with anemia which can also contribute to fatigue.
  2. Trouble sleeping: Chronic kidney disease has been linked to obesity and sleep apnea. Both these conditions can make it difficult for a person to fall asleep and stay asleep. The buildup of toxins in the blood can also contribute to insomnia.
  3. Dry skin: The skin is one of the first organs to show signs of internal organ failure. Thus, when the kidneys stop functioning as well as they are supposed to, the skin turns dry and itchy. This is because the production of red blood cells is reduced and the amount of minerals or nutrients in the body is unbalanced.
  4. Increased urge to urinate: An increased urge to urinate frequently especially at night could be a sign of kidney disease. This may also be a sign of a urinary infection.
  5. Blood in the urine: Urine should ideally be clear and pale yellow in color. Seeing blood mixed with urine should never be ignored. This is a sign that the kidneys have been damaged and blood is leaking into the urine. It could also be a sign of kidney stones, an infection, or a tumor in the kidney.
  6. Foamy urine: Excessive foam in the urine that does not go away even after flushing could be a sign of protein in the urine. This foam may look similar to a beaten egg white as it is produced by albumin; the same protein present in eggs.
  7. Swollen ankles: Swollen ankles are a sign of sodium retention. This is caused by the improper filtration of blood by the kidneys. The patient may also notice his or her feet getting swollen.

Kidney Dysfunction - How Ayurveda Can Help?

Dr. Sandip Patel 87% (449 ratings)
MD - Ayurveda, Ph.D Arthritic Disorder, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Surat
Kidney Dysfunction - How Ayurveda Can Help?

The bean-shaped organ kidneys in our body are one of the most important parts that help in eliminating waste products from the body and also for maintaining the hormonal balance. But due to various reasons such as stress or wrong diet, often the kidneys may face irregular working disorder.

Of course, there are a number of medicines today and also medical treatments to cure various kidney diseases. But if you are not pretty sure of taking such treatments and wish to have something much secure, then trying the home remedies can be the best thing. Ayurveda has a list of remedies that help in curing such kidney issues.

Things To Avoid:

  1. Reducing Salt Intake: When the condition of the kidney is not feasible, consuming salt over it can make the situation even worse. If you are urinating, again and again, this means that your body already has an excess amount of potassium and the kidney failure is may be due to an abnormal balance of hormones in the body fluid. Hence, it is the best thing to take a low salt diet. Consuming frozen food items may also add extra salt to the body and hence an ideal practice is to go for fresh fruits, vegetables and meat items.
  2. Lowering Protein Intake: Now, this is a tricky thing and you need to cross check this. There are many times when kidney problems take place due to the high amount of protein intake while some other times it takes place due to lack of protein in the body. So, lowering the protein intake can be done to cross-check whether the condition is improving or not.

Remedies To Follow:

  1. Herbal TeaAmong various natural remedies that can be started to cure kidney ailments, one of the best one is to include herbal tea in the diet. There are a number of herbal tea options that can be included in your daily diets such as dandelion tea, blueberry tea and marshmallow tea, but the one that is said to affect the most is the green tea. Green tea is said to be high in antioxidant properties and hence they are great in curing kidney ailments.
  2. Aloe Vera Juice: This one plant helps in curing a number of issues both externally as well as internally. Whether it is a skin issue or intestine issue, aloe vera juice can be of great help. Aloe Vera has an anti-oxidant property and hence it is great in treating kidney infection and then curing the diseases of the kidney completely.
  3. Water: This can be the simplest way to treat any kind of kidney problem. If you are in the initial stage of any kidney ailment, then the best way is to treat it with water. Drink at least about 6-8 glasses of water each day that will allow you to urinate more and hence the problem may get cured.
  4. Yoga: Pranayam, suryanamaskar and meditation should be followed every day.

Importance of ayurveda:

Ayurveda opts a holistic approach when it comes to treating kidney related problems. If the above mentioned lifestyle changes and remdies do not work for you, you should visit an expert ayurveda practitioner who will prescribe some effective medicines to help you get rid of kidney related problems. 

There are different medicines and also herbs available to treat kidney dysfunction. But these above mentioned can be the easiest methods of all.

Things You Should Know About Kidney Transplant!

Dr. Ravi Bansal 89% (170 ratings)
DM - Nephrology, MD-Medicine, MBBS
Nephrologist, Delhi
Things You Should Know About Kidney Transplant!

A kidney transplant is a procedure that employs an operation to transplant properly functioning kidney in the body. The main job of the kidneys is to remove the excess waste from a person’s body with the help of a filtration process. When the kidneys stop filtering the toxins properly, they become diseased as harmful waste products and toxins begin to accumulate in the body. Following this, the patient has to go through treatment measures like dialysis or kidney transplant.

Read on to know the five things you should keep in mind about a kidney transplant.

  1. Treatment: Transplant is one of the best ways to treat chronic kidney disease stage-V, until unless it is contraindicated. Life becomes near normal after transplant, though there is a possibility of rejection of transplant kidney. Patient has to take immunosuppressive medication life long. 
  2. Medication: Medications are mainly for:
    1. To prevent rejection: Patient takes immunosuppressive medications life long.
    2. Prevention of infection: Patient has to take care all the measures to prevent infections as they are more prone to infections.
    3. Other medication: To control diabetes, HTN etc. 
  3. Family Only: The donors are from family or emotionally related or cadavers (after brain death). HLA-matched donors are better because of less chances of rejections and first reduction of immunosuppressive. 
  4. Doing Your Part: Once transplant is done - patient becomes normal and he/she lives a normal life. However, they have to take regular medications and to protect themselves from various infection. 
  5. End Stage Renal Diseases: These diseases includes diabetes mellitus, HTN, polycystic kidney disease, chronic glomerulonephritis or interstitial nephritis etc.

Consult your Nephrologist before going for renal transplant for detailed check up or line of action.

Kidney Health - How To Enhance It?

Dr. Munindra Kumar 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DNB (Nephrology), MRCP (UK), CCEBDM(DIABETOLOGY)
Nephrologist, Delhi
Kidney Health - How To Enhance It?

The main job of the kidneys is to balance the electrolytes in the blood and maintain the pH homeostasis. The kidneys also remove waste products from the blood and boost your metabolism.

To prevent injuries and diseases in the kidneys, you can undertake the following steps to keep your kidneys healthy:

  1. Hydrate yourself: You need to drink sufficient water to improve kidney function and the ability of the kidneys to flush out the toxins from the body. Drinking at least 6-8 glasses of water will help in keeping your kidneys fighting fit.
  2. Eat healthy: The kidneys need to be healthy to perform their regular function. In order to keep them healthy, you need to eat the right kind of foods for sufficient nutrition. Include foods such as watermelons, oranges, parsley in your diet for better kidney function.
  3. Cut down on your salt intake: Consuming too much salt increases the quantity of sodium in your meals. It increases the sodium content in your blood and increases your blood pressure which might lead to the formation of kidney stones.
  4. Quit smokingIf you want to take care of your kidneys, you must quit smoking immediately. Smoking harms the blood vessels and hampers the flow of blood to the kidneys. When the flow of blood to the kidneys is obstructed, they cannot function properly. Excessive smoking also increases the chances of high blood pressure and kidney cancer.
  5. Urinate when you need to: Filtration is the most important kidney function as the wastes and water are eliminated through the bladder. Although your bladder is well-equipped to hold in urine for a long time, you start feeling the urge to urinate once it is filled. If you resist the urge, your bladder starts stretching more than necessary and affects the filtration function of the kidneys.
  6. Engage in physical exercise: A lot of medical practitioners believe that obesity and kidney issues are very closely linked. Being obese increases the chance of kidney injuries. Thus, engaging in some form of physical exercise is advisable as it keeps your weight under check and releases anti-stress hormones.





 

2387 people found this helpful

Ectopic Kidney - Ways It Can Be Diagnosed!

MBBS, DM - Nephrology, DNB Nephrology, MRCP - Nephrology
Nephrologist, Hyderabad
Ectopic Kidney - Ways It Can Be Diagnosed!

You should be aware of a certain condition in which the kidney is located below, above or opposite to its usual position. This is a congenital defect, which occurs when the kidney of the fetus does not move to its designated position during the stage of fetal development. In many cases, instead of moving up to its assigned position, one of the kidneys is located very close to the urinary bladder and pelvis. At times, the kidney may move upwards excessively or go to the opposite side to fuse with the other kidney.

Causes
An ectopic kidney occurs during the process of fetal development. The term ectopic refers to an out-of-place organ. When one kidney stays in the pelvis, moves upward to fuse with the second kidney, or moves higher than its normal position, ectopic kidney is formed. This defect in movement may occur due to genetic defects, defects in the kidney tissue, exposure of mother to certain drugs and chemicals during pregnancy or a certain illness, which leads to kidney defects in the developing baby. An underdeveloped kidney bud is another likely cause.

Symptoms
Patients with ectopic kidneys might suffer from urinary tract infection (UTI) and kidney stones, which may lead to symptoms such as fever and abdominal pain. Vesicoureteric reflux is present in some people where the urine may flow back to the kidney from the bladder causing infections. Urinary track anomalies, skeletal malformation and reproductive disorders may also be observed.


Diagnosis

  • Prenatal sonography helps in detecting ectopic kidneys during the first trimester of pregnancy.
  • Ultrasound may be used for obtaining an image of the kidneys.
  • Intravenous pyelogram or IVP involves an X-ray of the urinary tract. This is obtained after injecting a dye into the patient, which travels to the kidneys via the urinary tract.
  • Radionuclide scan involves the injection of low dosage chemicals into the patient for identification of the path of chemical in the kidneys. Any blockage in the ureters is detected.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans involve the use of magnets and radio waves for obtaining images of the kidneys.
  • Voiding Cystourethrogram or VCUG involves the injection of a contrast dye into the bladder, after which an X-ray is performed.

Treatment
Generally, if no symptoms are experienced, then no treatment is required for ectopic kidneys. The associated conditions such as kidney stones, backflow of urine, urine accumulation and cross fused kidneys require surgical treatment.  Ectopic kidneys occur before birth, which usually do not cause much harm, but in case of associated conditions, you must consult a doctor for a proper diagnosis of the problem and its treatment.

8 people found this helpful

Reoccurring Of Renal Stones - Know How To Manage It!

Dr. Ashok Sarin 88% (44 ratings)
MD, MBBS, FRCP - Nephrology
Nephrologist, Delhi
Reoccurring Of Renal Stones - Know How To Manage It!

Kidney stones are salt and mineral deposits that accumulate inside the kidneys. Your treatment may depend on the severity of your condition; ranging from medications to surgery. Once you have had kidney stones, there is an increased chance of you experiencing the problem again. Preventive measures can help in reducing your risk of kidney stones. 

Prevention of kidney stones-
Medical recommendations about preventive measures can help you keep kidney stones at bay. Here are top tips to prevent recurring kidney stones.

  1. Hydrate Well: Drinking sufficient water is an extremely important kidney stone preventive measure. The amount of urine your body produces depends on your consumption of water and other liquids. If you exercise quite often or live in a place with a hot or arid climate, you may further need to increase your water intake. Ideally, drink enough water for your body to produce 2 to 2.5 liters of urine every day. You can also include lemon juice mixed with water or fresh orange juice in your diet. These juices contain citrate, which can prevent the formation of kidney stones.
     
  2. Take Dietary Precautions: Altering your diet may be necessary to prevent recurring kidney stones.
    • Oxalate is a naturally-occurring compound in foods, which may bind with calcium to form kidney stones. To prevent kidney stones, you may need to stop or limit the intake of foods high in oxalate, such as beets, soy products, spinach, sweet potatoes, rhubarb, peanuts, etc.
    • However, you don’t need to cut calcium from your diet. In fact, if you eat calcium and oxalate foods at the same time, you can further reduce your risk of kidney stones. Calcium binds with oxalate inside the digestive track, thereby, lowering the chances of kidney stone formation. Though use calcium supplements only as per your doctor’s recommendations.
    • Reduce your intake of salt. Excessive salt can increase the amount of calcium in urine and form kidney stones.
    • Eat animal protein in moderation as meat is acidic in nature, as too much uric acid in urine can cause both uric acid stones and calcium oxalate ones.
    • Foods and drinks high in sugar can also increase uric acid in urine. So, it is better to limit their intake if you have a history of kidney stones.
       
  3. Take Medications: If you are a kidney stone patient, you also need to take medications to prevent recurrence of the problem. Without medicine use, the risk of kidney stones in patients may increase.

Once you have had kidney stones, you need to take caution for life. Without proper medicines and diet precautions, not only you increase your risk of kidney stones but also of other kidney diseases. Heed the recommendations of your doctor or consult with a good nephrologist.

4 people found this helpful

Kidney Failure - Homeopathy Treatment Can Save you From Them!

Dr. Parminder Punn 92% (307 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Ludhiana
Kidney Failure - Homeopathy Treatment Can Save you From Them!

The kidneys may be small in size but perform a major function in the human body. One of the most important functions of the kidneys is to remove waste from the body through urine. An inability to do this is termed as a renal failure. Kidney failure can be triggered by a number of conditions and hence prevention is the best cure for it. Once it has been diagnosed, the aim of treatment then is to prevent further deterioration and preserve the functioning of the kidneys.

Homoeopathy is often used to treat kidney failure. This form of treatment addresses both the symptoms showcased by the patient and his or her overall physical and mental health. It has negligible side effects and hence can be prescribed to people of all ages.

The key causes of kidney failurre is presence of stone, blood in urine and pains radiating to thighs while urinating.

Some common homeopathic remedies for kidney failure are:

  1. Apis mellifica: This medicine is often prescribed in cases where the patient exhibits swelling of the face and extremities as well as paleness and pain in the head and back. It can be used to treat any form of Bright’s disease which is accompanied by dull pain in the kidneys, frequent micturition and scanty urine. The patient may also complain of blood being present in the urine. Drowsiness, body aches and breathlessness are other symptoms this remedy can address.
  2. Apocynum: Kidney failure that causes scanty urine or dropsical conditions can be treated with apocynum. This medicine may also be used in cases when the patient suffers convulsions or goes into a coma as a result of kidney failure.
  3. Arsenicum: This is used to treat kidney failure that causes dropsy, paleness, diarrhea and excessive thirst. In such cases, patients may also have darkened urine which contains albumin and the urge to urinate may be more frequent. Arsenicum is also beneficial in cases where the patient suffers from dyspnoea attacks while lying down in the latter half of the day.
  4. Belladonna: Belladonna is often used to treat inflammation of the kidneys that is accompanied by burning pains in the lumbar region. These pains may recur periodically with an increased amount of pain each time.
  5. Cantharis: Kidney failure that causes cutting pain in the lumbar region can be treated with cantharis. Scanty urine that may have blood is another symptom that can be treated with this remedy.
  6. Convallaria: Kidney failure caused by heart conditions can be treated with this homeopathic remedy. In such cases, along with the symptoms of kidney failure, the patient may also complain of an irregular heartbeat.

Apart from the above mentioned medicines, Berberis and Vulgaris are also very effective and highly recommended Homeopathic medicines which are recommended to treat kidney failure.

3799 people found this helpful
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