Kidney Disease Tips

Kidney Disease Signs: Is Frequent Urination Is One Of Them?

Dr.Garima 92% (462ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Fatehabad
Kidney Disease Signs: Is Frequent Urination Is One Of Them?

Most people have a bladder that can store urine until it is convenient to go to the toilet – typically 4-8 times a day. Needing to rush to the bathroom more than 8 times a day or waking up in the middle of the night could mean you have been drinking too much fluid before going to bed. Technically, this condition is known as frequent urination.

However, frequent urination does not always happen when you drink up gallons of water. If you feel the urge to urinate frequently, especially at night, it could be a sign of a kidney disorder.

What causes you to urinate frequently?

When the filters in your kidney are damaged, your urge to urinate increases. Sometimes, this may signify an enlarged prostate or an infection in the urinary tract.

  • Urinary tract infections – The bladder and the tube carrying urine from it and out of your body (urethra lining) becomes irritated and inflamed due to by-products of an infection. This urges you to empty your bladder more often. However, the amount of urine discharged decreases with every trip you make to the loo.

  • Enlarged prostate – An enlarged prostate presses against the urethra and obstructs urine flow. This causes the walls of the bladder to become inflamed. The bladder shrinks even when it consists of a tiny amount of urine, leading to frequent urination.

Other types of kidney disorders that may cause you to urinate frequently are –

  • Anterior prolapse

  • Bladder stones

  • Interstitial cystitis

  • Urethral stricture

Signs indicating a kidney disease

Frequent urination resulting from a damaged kidney is often accompanied by other symptoms such as –

  • Abdominal discomfort and pain

  • Losing control of your bladder

  • The unusual colour of the urine

  • Difficulty urinating – tiny droplets oozing out

Many of the kidney diseases mentioned above could be serious. Therefore, it is imperative that you discuss the symptoms with your doctor and seek appropriate treatment to manage the condition.

2 people found this helpful

Can You Prevent Polycystic Kidney Disorder?

Dr.Garima 92% (462ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Fatehabad
Can You Prevent Polycystic Kidney Disorder?

Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) is a genetic disorder of the kidneys, where multiple cysts filled with fluid develop within the organ, causing it to enlarge and gradually lose its ability to function. The cysts are usually non-cancerous but differ in size. Polycystic kidney disease can harm your kidneys and cause mild to severe symptoms.

Symptoms of PKD

If multiple cysts develop in your kidney, you may experience the following symptoms –

  • High blood pressure

  • Pain in the back above the buttocks

  • Blood in urine

  • Bloating in the abdomen due to enlarged kidneys

  • An urge to urinate frequently

  • Feeling full

  • Headache

  • Infection of the kidneys or urinary tract

  • Kidney stones

Upon identifying the above signs, consult a doctor and discuss your treatment plan at the earliest.

Can PKD be prevented?

Polycystic Kidney Disease is an inherited disorder, which cannot be prevented. Studies reveal that a child with a parent having PKD has 50% chances of developing the disorder. However, following a careful combination of physcial activities and diet can prevent the complications and symptoms of the disease.

Here are a few measures you should take to prevent PKD symptoms and complications from affecting your quality of life –

  • Follow a diet plan that cuts back on sodium intake and keeps you hydrated throughout the day

  • Eat a healthy and balanced diet filled with the right amount of proteins and fibres – vegetables, fruits, and whole grains

  • Ensure that you maintain a healthy body weight

  • Limit alcohol consumption and quit smoking right away

  • Be sure to incorporate some sort of sport, exercise, or physical activity in your daily routine – it could be simple activities like running and cycling or light to moderate muscle training exercises

  • Do not skip the dose of your prescribed blood pressure medications

Your kidneys withstand the worst of all the bodily toxins. Polycystic Kidney Disease is one of the many causes of kidney failure, and may even cause cysts to form in other organs of the body such as the liver. Therefore, it is important that you keep the organs in good health. Although the condition cannot be prevented at birth, it can be managed well with the above measures. Book an appointment with your doctor, discuss your concerns and follow the guidelines provided by him/her to improve your condition.

1 person found this helpful

Warning Sings Of Kidney Rupturing

Dr.Garima 92% (462ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Fatehabad
Warning Sings Of Kidney Rupturing

Kidney rupture is usually caused by a traumatic injury or direct blow to the front or sides of the abdomen, or low-to-mid back that tears or damages the organ. This type of injury is usually common in sports activities such as rugby, football, gymnastics, boxing, and horseback riding.

Renal failure or kidney rupture occurs when the kidneys stop functioning suddenly. The organ is no longer able to eliminate waste products and maintain a balance between the salt, water, and electrolytes in the blood. As a result, the wastes and fluids start accumulating in your body, ultimately leading to a ruptured kidney.

What could possibly cause a kidney to rupture?

A kidney rupture or injury can result from any of the following reasons -

  • Low intake of fluid

  • Exertion or trauma

  • Loss of blood/transfusion

  • Exposure to harmful substances

  • Exposure to heavy metals or mercury vapours

  • Nephrotoxic drug ingestion

Symptoms to watch out for

If you suspect a kidney rupture, you should look out for the following symptoms -

  • Blood in the urine, commonly known as hematuria

  • Mild to severe pain in the right or left abdomen

  • Pain in the lower back

  • Muscle guarding

  • Fever

  • Abdominal pain, swelling and bruising

  • A decrease in the flow of urine

  • Internal bleeding signs - dizziness, decreased alertness, blurred vision, fatigue, vomiting, nausea, low blood pressure

The symptoms, if ignored for too long, can be fatal in the long run. Once you identify the signs of kidney rupture, do not hesitate to get yourself diagnosed for the same. Early diagnosis and treatment can help manage the symptoms and help you live a healthier life.

1 person found this helpful

World Kidney Day - Know More About It!

Dr.Sanjeev Kumar Singh 91% (193ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurvedic Doctor, Lakhimpur Kheri
World Kidney Day - Know More About It!

The second Thursday of March is celebrated every year as World Kidney Day. The day is marked by a global campaign aimed at increasing awareness about kidneys. In 2006 when it had initially begun, 66 countries had taken part. In 2 years, the number had gone up to 88 countries. The International Federation of Kidney Foundations (IFKF) and the International Society of Nephrology (ISN) had come together and taken the initiative to make people aware of kidney health.

What are the objectives of World Kidney Day?

The objectives of World Kidney Day are as follows – 

  •  To increase awareness by highlighting risk factors like Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and high blood pressure

  • To encourage diabetics and people with hypertension to get their kidneys checked

  • To encourage people to take preventative measures

  • To push local and national health authorities to take steps to control the CKD epidemic

  • To encourage organ donation and transplantation in case of kidney failure

This year, World Kidney Day will be observed on 11th March 2021. Each year, there is a different theme for World Kidney Day.

World Kidney Day 2021 Theme

The 2021 Theme for World Kidney Day is ‘Living Well with Kidney Disease'. This has been done in order to both increase education and awareness about effective symptom management and patient empowerment, with the ultimate goal of encouraging life participation. Whilst effective measures to prevent kidney disease and its progression are important, patients with kidney disease – including those who depend on dialysis and transplantation – and their care-partners should also feel supported, especially during pandemics and other challenging periods, by the concerted efforts of kidney care communities.

What do your kidneys do for you?

These bean-shaped organs work relentlessly to keep you healthy. The main functions of the kidney include – 

  • They make urine

  • They help in removing toxins from your blood

  • Kidneys help in maintaining the chemical balance of the body

  • They help in regulating your blood pressure

  • Kidneys also contribute towards your bone health

  • Kidneys help in making red blood cells

What is CKD?

CKD or Chronic Kidney Disease is a condition that is characterized by the gradual loss of kidney function. The prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease amongst Indians clocks at 17.2%. Amongst the cohorts, about 18.8% were found to be diabetics and 43.1% were suffering from hypertension.

What are the other risk factors for kidney diseases?

  • Acute kidney injury caused by damage from medicines, a sudden drop in blood flow to kidneys, or sudden blockage that stops urine

  • Diabetes

  • High Blood Pressure

  • High Blood Cholesterol

  • Smoking

  • Obesity

#MyGr8Rule- Just another hashtag?

An initiative taken by the World Kidney Day committee, #MyGr8Rule is a symbolic gesture to remind people of eight golden rules that can help them be more aware and take better care of their kidneys. The committee is urging people to complete one or more of the 8 golden rules, take a picture of themselves in action, use the ‘Rules’ photo frame and share it on their social media with #MyGr8Rule. The eight golden rules are – 

  1. Keep fit, be active – exercise more often 

  2. Have a healthy diet – fill your plates with leafy greens, fruits, whole grains, and healthy fats

  3. Check and control your blood pressure level

  4. Check and control your blood sugar level

  5. Maintain appropriate fluid intake

  6. Don’t smoke

  7. Refrain from taking over-the-counter pain-killer or anti-inflammatory pills regularly

  8. Get your kidneys checked if you have any high-risk factors like

  • Hypertension

  • Diabetes

  • Obesity

  • Family history of kidney disease

Look after these amazing organs as they look after you. This 11th March, pledge to follow the eight golden rules and keep yourself and your loved ones healthy.

4 people found this helpful

Care By Chronic Kidney Disease Patients During The COVID Pandemic!

General Physician,
Care By Chronic Kidney Disease Patients During The COVID Pandemic!

As the COVID 19 pandemic has reached to the root level every corner of country especially it has become a bane to our CKD and implanted and CKD on hemodialysis patients, so all our patients must be 200% careful to avoid the infection.

5 people found this helpful

Chronic Kidney Disease - Know More About It!

Dr.Ravinder Singh Bhadoria 89% (15ratings)
DNB (Nephrology), M.D ( Internal Medicine), MBBS
Nephrologist, Noida
Chronic Kidney Disease - Know More About It!

The kidneys are bean-shaped organs located on either side of the spine behind the abdominal organs. Their main function is the removal of wastes from the body. On any given day, the kidneys filter out about 200 litres of blood and remove the toxins from the body via water.

In addition to this, the kidneys also produce hormones which help in vitamin D regulation and blood pressure control. Also, the red blood cell production in the bone marrow is promoted by the kidneys.

Due to ageing or injury, the kidneys can get damaged which can deeply affect their function. Chronic kidney disease is caused by damage to the kidneys that occurs over months to years. The normal rate of filtration of the kidneys is known as glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and the normal value is about 90.

Lower the GFR, greater the severity of the kidney disease, as below

Stage I – Slight kidney damage reduction of about 90
Stage II – Mild kidney damage with GFR in the range of 60 to 90
Stage III – Moderate kidney damage with GFR between 30 and 60
Stage IV – Severe kidney damage with GFR between 15 and 30
Stage V – Kidney failure which often requires dialysis.

GFR is calculated using a formula that includes a person’s age, gender, race, and serum creatinine levels. Once kidney damage onsets, it may take years for progression. The sooner it is identified, the better is the prognosis.

Older age, feminine gender, diabetes, hypertension, smoking, obesity, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, kidney problems like polycystic disease, and recurrent kidney infections are some risk factors for developing chronic kidney disease.

Kidney damage can occur for a long time before the symptoms become evident. Also, if one kidney is affected by the loss of function, the other kidney often will compensate by taking the additional load. Over a period of time though, given that it has various functions, different symptoms will manifest. Common ones include:

Increased frequency of urination, especially at night
Increased fluid retention in the body, leading to puffiness of the ankles and eyes
Increased blood pressure
Increased fluid accumulation in the lungs, leading to shortness of breath, even with minimal exertion
Fluid around the heart leading to chest pain
Reduced red blood cell production, leading to anemia
Weak bones, due to vitamin D deficiency, leading to bone pain and even fractures
Generalized weakness and lethargy
Increased blood pressure

In a person who has likely risk factors, these symptoms should be watched for. Early detection helps in arresting disease progression and reduced treatment interventions.

1654 people found this helpful

Soft Drinks And Kidney Disease!

Dr.Ganesh Srinivasa Prasad 87% (34ratings)
DNB
General Physician, Bangalore

In this summer many people want to drink soft drinks or packed fruit juices like real or tropicana to satisfy their thrist, but countries like india where the temperatures are high this behaviour may cause kidney damage. Hot and humid climate causes increased metabolic load on the kidney to excrete the high waste generated due to dehydration. If we take sugar based drinks which contain fructose it will further increase the load on the kidneys by increasing the uric acid production in body. So to protect your kidney better avoid soft drinks and consume more water or you can take traditional indian drinks like butter milk or lime water which provide more electrolytes to the body.

7 people found this helpful

World Kidney Day - Know More About It!

Dr.Sanjeev Kumar Singh 91% (193ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurvedic Doctor, Lakhimpur Kheri
World Kidney Day - Know More About It!

The second Thursday of March is celebrated every year as World Kidney Day. The day is marked by a global campaign aimed at increasing awareness about kidneys. In 2006 when it had initially begun, 66 countries had taken part. In 2 years, the number had gone up to 88 countries. The International Federation of Kidney Foundations (IFKF) and the International Society of Nephrology (ISN) had come together and taken the initiative to make people aware of kidney health.

What are the objectives of World Kidney Day?

The objectives of World Kidney Day are as follows – 

  •  To increase awareness by highlighting risk factors like Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and high blood pressure

  • To encourage diabetics and people with hypertension to get their kidneys checked

  • To encourage people to take preventative measures

  • To push local and national health authorities to take steps to control the CKD epidemic

  • To encourage organ donation and transplantation in case of kidney failure

This year, World Kidney Day will be observed on 12th March 2020. Each year, there is a different theme for World Kidney Day.

World Kidney Day 2020 Theme

The 2020 Theme for World Kidney Day is ‘Kidney Health for Everyone Everywhere – from Prevention to Detection and Equitable Access to Care’

In 2020, the main focus is on making ‘Preventive Intervention’. It can be broken down into three parts – 

  1. Primary Prevention- This refers to intervening and making healthy life choices before the onset of the disease.

  2. Secondary Prevention- This refers to intervening as early as possible leading to a diagnosis and taking care of any sign of kidney disease to stop it from developing further.

  3. Tertiary Prevention- This refers to managing and treating kidney diseases once it is well established. The idea is to control the progression of the disease and avoid more complications.

What do your kidneys do for you?

These bean-shaped organs work relentlessly to keep you healthy. The main functions of the kidney include – 

  • They make urine

  • They help in removing toxins from your blood

  • Kidneys help in maintaining the chemical balance of the body

  • They help in regulating your blood pressure

  • Kidneys also contribute towards your bone health

  • Kidneys help in making red blood cells

What is CKD?

CKD or Chronic Kidney Disease is a condition that is characterized by the gradual loss of kidney function. The prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease amongst Indians clocks at 17.2%. Amongst the cohorts, about 18.8% were found to be diabetics and 43.1% were suffering from hypertension.

What are the other risk factors for kidney diseases?

  • Acute kidney injury caused by damage from medicines, a sudden drop in blood flow to kidneys, or sudden blockage that stops urine

  • Diabetes

  • High Blood Pressure

  • High Blood Cholesterol

  • Smoking

  • Obesity

#MyGr8Rule- Just another hashtag?

An initiative taken by the World Kidney Day committee, #MyGr8Rule is a symbolic gesture to remind people of eight golden rules that can help them be more aware and take better care of their kidneys. The committee is urging people to complete one or more of the 8 golden rules, take a picture of themselves in action, use the ‘Rules’ photo frame and share it on their social media with #MyGr8Rule. The eight golden rules are – 

  1. Keep fit, be active – exercise more often 

  2. Have a healthy diet – fill your plates with leafy greens, fruits, whole grains, and healthy fats

  3. Check and control your blood pressure level

  4. Check and control your blood sugar level

  5. Maintain appropriate fluid intake

  6. Don’t smoke

  7. Refrain from taking over-the-counter pain-killer or anti-inflammatory pills regularly

  8. Get your kidneys checked if you have any high-risk factors like

  • Hypertension

  • Diabetes

  • Obesity

  • Family history of kidney disease

Look after these amazing organs as they look after you. This 12th March, pledge to follow the eight golden rules and keep yourself and your loved ones healthy.

Kidney Transplant - How To Identify Right Donor & Recipient?

Dr.Ravinder Singh Bhadoria 89% (15ratings)
DNB (Nephrology), M.D ( Internal Medicine), MBBS
Nephrologist, Noida
Kidney Transplant - How To Identify Right Donor & Recipient?

The kidneys are responsible for the elimination of waste from the body. The blood is filtered in the kidneys and all toxic wastes are filtered out and excreted through urine. When this filtration does not happen effectively, a lot of waste can be found in the blood, which affects normal body function.

Kidneys may lose their functioning either due to age, injury, or disease conditions. Whatever the reason, when kidney function is hampered, the body suffers. If there was an injury or congenital problem, it could be unilateral and the non-affected kidney could still do the function. However, if it is infection or old age, normally both kidneys are affected and then replacement should be looked for externally. This is where a kidney transplant comes into the picture.

What is it?

It is a surgery where a healthy, functioning kidney is placed into the body. The donor could be

  1. Living: These donors have to be related or unrelated. Related is often termed someone, who is a family member and is willing to donate one kidney (one kidney is sufficient for normal, healthy individuals) to the diseased person.
  2. Cadaver: If a person is willing to donate kidneys post death, these are used for transplant, within a specified time.

Identifying the right donor and recipient:

  1. Blood type and tissue type should be matched; a good tissue type match improves the chances of success
  2. Overall health of the donor to ensure there is no heart disease, lung disease, or diabetes
  3. The recipient also should be healthy

What to expect during surgery?

  1. Once a donor is identified, in living donors, the surgery to remove the kidney and to transplant it are done simultaneously
  2. The surgery usually takes about 3 to 4 hours
  3. Antibiotics are given prior to the surgery to prevent infection
  4. The blood vessels and ureter are connected back to the kidney after the transplant
  5. Hospital stay can range from 5 days to 2 weeks, depending on the overall health of the patient and the anticipated risk of rejection.
  6. Most transplanted kidneys work effectively almost immediately. A kidney stored from a cadaver may take a little longer compared to a fresh kidney from a living donor
  7. People who have had transplants are put on immunosuppressants on a chronic basis to reduce chances of rejection. The new kidney will always be recognised by the body as a foreign body, and so this is essential.

Kidney transplant success rates are quite high, and more and more people are opting for transplants as opposed to dialysis.
 

1475 people found this helpful

Urine Colour - What's Normal & What's Not?

Dr.Nikhil Sharma 90% (26ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB (Urology)
Urologist, Ghaziabad
Urine Colour - What's Normal & What's Not?

Human urine is a useful tool for the diagnosis and detection of several health conditions. The colour, smell and density of your urine can reveal a lot about the state of your health. Colour, especially, is a strong determinant of many ailments or concerns.

Here is a list of the health conditions you might be suffering from, based on the colour of your urine:

  1. Straw colour to transparent yellow colour: This urine colour signifies that your body is healthy and perfectly hydrated. This should be the normal colour of urine, which shows you are in good health.
  2. Transparent or clear: Transparent and extra clear urine indicates that you have drunk too much water, which leads to the transparent appearance. It happens due to overhydration.
  3. Dark yellow colour: This shade of urine is considered normal, but it may indicate some amount of dehydration. You need to drink more water to eliminate the darker yellowish tinge from your urine.
  4. Honey colour: Urine of honey colour signifies dehydration and you must consume increased amounts of water.
  5. Pink or red colour: Your urine may have a pinkish red shade when you consume foods like carrots, beets, blackberries and rhubarb. This may also happen due to the effect of some antibiotics or a drug which treats urinary tract infections. The presence of blood in your urine is indicated by these colours too, and it can lead to kidney diseases, UTI, prostate problems or tumors.
  6. Orange colour: Your urine may have an orange colour which resembles the colour of orange soft drinks. This occurs as a result of a high dose of vitamins and several antibiotics. This colour may also indicate dehydration or problems related to the kidney or bile duct.
  7. Blue or green colour: Such shades may be present in your urine because of dyes present in food items and medications. Your urine may turn blue or green, signifying several other medical conditions which require immediate medical attention.
  8. Foamy: If your urine has a foamy appearance, irrespective of the colour and shade, you need to consult a doctor. The consistent foamy or frothy appearance of your urine may indicate the presence of protein in your urine, which further signifies problems in the kidneys.
  9. Maple syrup colour: Urine of this shade indicates a severe case of dehydration or liver diseases.

Your urine tells a lot about your health by its colour, odour and density. The colour is an essential determinant for detecting several health conditions, which may be simple or chronic in nature. In case of abnormal urine colour or appearance, you should consult a doctor without delay.

1075 people found this helpful
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