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Kidney Disease Tips

Renal Failure - How Can Homeopathy Tackle It?

Renal Failure - How Can Homeopathy Tackle It?

Elimination of the waste products is the core function performed by our kidneys. Any failure or any infections to the kidney can hamper this process thus leading to a condition where the waste could accumulate in the body. These body fluids can rise to dangerous levels and are often life-threatening. In medical terms, they are known as acute kidney failure. Though there are countless options and medical treatments available in treating them, nothing can beat a homeopathy approach in treating the symptoms. Come, let us take a look at how homeopathy can be used in treating acute renal failure.

Acute kidney renal failure happens over a period of time and can be due to many reasons. Some of them are severe or sudden dehydration, toxic kidney injury due to certain medications, autoimmune kidney diseases, and urinary tract obstruction. Reduced blood flow can also damage the kidneys to a considerable extent, and these can include low blood pressure, internal hemorrhage, injury, surgery or a serious illness. Kidney failures are themselves, not a disease but they lead to many complications that may result in utmost discomfort and life-threatening consequences. The main symptoms of kidney failure can include bloody stools, generalized swelling or fluid retention, fatigue, pain in the ribs, hand tremor, prolonged bleeding, nausea, vomiting and high blood pressure. Urinary discharges can entirely stop or can flow continuously; often with a lot of pain.

In some extreme cases, the degeneration can happen very quickly and can be a medical emergency. Though conventional medicines can help in treating the symptoms, homeopathy offers the most practical solutions available in the market with a long-term focus in mind. Homeopathy uses a simple principle of treating the person as a whole. The complete nature of the individual is understood first before imparting the treatment. The medical history of the patient and his physical and mental constitution are all taken into the picture before the treatment is prescribed. The patient can find himself only talking with the homeopathic doctors initially in the sessions. This is done so that the patient is looked upon as a person - as an individual first and not as an element of the disease. This helps in imparting the best homeopathy treatment depending on the individual's vulnerability and their preferences.

Homeopathy has a high success rate in treating a person with acute renal kidney failure. The biggest advantage is that there are no side effects, unlike conventional treatments. The doctor focuses the treatment plan in such a way that the condition is arrested first and no further degeneration occurs. Then in the second stage, they start to estimate the root cause. A patient can feel the results mostly within a few weeks and if treatment is followed properly, a person can get completely cured within a few months. Many homeopathy medicines would be prescribed during the treatment. However, care should be taken to not exceed the dosage.

Conventional medicines can treat these renal failures. However, the biggest disadvantage is that in more chronic cases they lead to kidney transplantation and other complications. In other words, homeopathy can be your sensible choice of medicine in the long run. This medicine focuses more on the human value of the person rather than the medical condition.

Kidney Problems - Can Homeopathy Resolve It?

Kidney Problems - Can Homeopathy Resolve It?

Kidney problems include urinary tract infections, Renal Calculi, kidney failure, glomerulonephritis, nephritis and many other problems as well. However, to most of them, homeopathy carries a common and very effective solution. The homeopathic remedies are as follows:

  1. Arsenicum: This cure is used later in the illness where the skin appears droopy, the complexion pale, waxen appearance, looseness of the bowels and extreme thirst. The urine is usually dark, one tends to throw up quite often. The patient gets dyspnoea attacks when sleeping at night and after twelve pm, accompanied by an abundance of saliva in the mouth. This makes the person want to spit quite frequently. It might stop after taking Aconite.
  2. Apis mellifica: Apis is taken when there is an oedematous swelling of the face due to kidney problems. It is also recommended when a patient has symptoms like pain in the head, back and lower back. It might be useful in any type of kidney or urine infection when there are dull pains in the kidneys, abundant urine and lack of appetite.
  3. Mercurius corrosivus: This cure relates to the problem of a white kidney. There are insufficient and red urine and a pale waxen shade of the body. The patient goes through lumbar pains, increased dyspnoea and temporary blockage of the urinary tract or bladder. This happens to only a few kidney patients and it comes in the later stages for which, they have to take mercurius.
  4. Terebinth: One of the most solid and most often used cures in the early phases of kidney infections when the blockage is very common when there is a lot of pain in the back, which is very dull in nature and reaches out along the ureters. The patient faces very dark and smoky urine that might burn. The urine might also be bleeding. It is recommended in the post-scarlatinal kidney infections.
  5. Digitalis: This cure has an aggravation activity on the kidneys. It is a cure for the swelling of kidney cells. Pain in the chest or heart, weak heartbeat, insufficient, dull, thick urine, a faint stomach and rheumatic pains will show up as symptoms.
  6. Plumbum: Swelling of kidney cells, with an inclination to uraemic contortions of the kidney, are some of the reasons why this medicine should be taken. Droopy, colourless face, weakening, pain in the lower legs are also among some of the reasons. If this does not work as expected. Another homoeopathic cure known as arsenic can be very helpful.
  7. Phosphorus: Phosphorus creates cures nephritis as no other medication can. It is a standout amongst the most important and helpful cures in kidney disease. The trademark indications are: unconsciousness of the entire body, hands and the feet feeling frosty and lethargic. The weakness and fatigue are most prominent in the morning, and there is warmth in the body without thirst, particularly at night.
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Kidney Problems - 4 Important Signs You Should Never Avoid!

Kidney Problems - 4 Important Signs You Should Never Avoid!

The kidneys are small organs that filter about 200 liters of water each day, removing out about 2 liters of toxins and wastes in a water medium as urine. In addition to maintaining the fluid levels in the body, they also produce hormones that regulate blood pressure, produce red blood cells, and play a vital role in maintaining bone health. Any problem with the kidney, infection or otherwise, can lead to its improper functioning, causing damaging results on the rest of the body organs.

While the bad news is that most diseases from infections to diabetes to hypertension and cancer have an adverse effect on the kidneys, there are signs that can be watched out for, which can indicate a problem with the kidneys and so further damage prevented.

Read on to know some of the most common symptoms of kidney disease and how further progression can be prevented:

  1. Change in urination process: Any change in the process of urination should be a warning for a test. It could be change in color or the appearance of the urine, painful urination, burning on urination, difficulty to start and stop a stream, or too frequent or infrequent urinations. These are usually the first symptoms of kidney disease and should be an alarm to get a kidney function test done. If you have hypertension or a strong family history of kidney disease, then getting a simple urine test to check optimal kidney function is definitely mandated. These could indicate conditions like infection, diabetes, kidney failure, or other conditions which can all be identified with further testing and then treated accordingly. The progress of the disease can be halted, which can help improve overall quality of life.
  2. Fatigue, loss of energy: As noted above, impaired kidney function leads to other organs being affected and buildup of toxins in the body. There is also anemia which sets in due to decrease in red blood cells and therefore reduced overall energy levels, loss of sleep, and fatigue.
  3. Swollen eyes, feet, and ankles: Reduced kidney function leads to fluid accumulation, sodium retention, loss of protein, which all lead to swollen eyes and ankles and feet. These are easy to identify and should ring a bell to get checked for kidney functions.
  4. Muscle cramps: Improper electrolyte levels can affect muscle functioning, leading to painful cramps. Along with changes in the process of urination, this should be an indication of underlying kidney disease.

Keep a track of any above mentioned problems as they can help in saving not just the kidneys but all the vital organs.

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Contrast Induced Nephropathy - Know Complications Of It!

Contrast Induced Nephropathy - Know Complications Of It!

Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is a serious complication that may arise during angiographic procedures and is elaborated as the impairment of renal function. It is estimated as either a 25% increase in the serum creatinine (SCr) from baseline or a 0.5 mg/dL (44 µmol/L) increase in absolute creatinine value within two to three days after intravenous contrast administration of intravascular radiographic contrast material that is not attributable to other causes.

To simplify, contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is a form of kidney damage in which there has been recent exposure to medical imaging contrast material without another apparent cause for acute kidney injury. CIN is considered the 3rd most common cause of hospital-acquired renal dysfunction. There are emerging concerns that the importance of CIN has been greatly overstated. Here discussed are the risk factors with concerns comprised in (CIN) Contrast-induced nephropathy.

Complications in consideration of Contrast-induced nephropathy
One of the leading causes of hospital-acquired acute kidney injury (AKI), CIN is associated with longer hospital stay and while the incidence is low (0-5%) in patients with normal renal function, trials report that it is as high as 26% in patients with impaired renal function. Also, studies report that about 15% of the affected patients needed dialysis.

There is a complex association between CIN, mortality, and comorbidity. Majority of patients who receive CIN do not die from renal failure. Death, if a patient at all dies, is more usually from a procedural complication or a pre-existing non-renal complication.

Risk concerns
Many physicians who refer patients for contrast procedures and some who perform the procedure themselves are not entirely informed about the risk of CIN. Individuals with diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, hypotension, reduced intravascular volume, or who are over 75 years of age are at increased danger of evolving CIN after exposure to iodinated contrast. A survey found that most of the referring physicians were not aware of potential risk factors, including ischemic heart disease and diabetes mellitus. However, acute kidney injury (AKI) can happen from a variety of causes, or their succession, during severe illness and no trial which is randomized has established the risk of contrast-induced nephropathy.

The overblown risk factor
When there is a need to diagnose a suspected arterial thrombus, pulmonary embolism, or intra-abdominal catastrophes, treatments and tests require intravenous contrast and these are often suspended in patients with raised creatinine levels. The diagnostic rift leaves their physicians with less than the best knowledge to make decisions regarding the treatment.

A notable percentage of hospitalized patients experience AKI and an even greater percentage gain IV contrast during their stay in the hospital. There will thus forever be the explanation for observed anecdotal instances of "contrast-induced nephropathy." Whether or not contrast-induced acute kidney injury persists, or has been exterminated by the use of lower-osmolarity contrast agents, would require a comprehensive randomized analysis to sort out.

In most cases, the condition is self-limiting with the creatinine levels peaking for 2-3 days and returning back to baseline within 7-10 days, there are indeed concerns due to the limitation in treatment options.

Foods To Avoid When Suffering With Kidney Disorder!

Foods To Avoid When Suffering With Kidney Disorder!

Eating right has never been more emphasized than today where people around the world are affected by several medical conditions. Be it any condition, the diet has an essential role in effectively managing the problem, and kidney diseases are no exception.

The primary function of the kidneys is to purify the waste from the blood along with maintaining the right balance of fluids in the body. They also play a critical role in regulating blood pressure.
If your kidney functions have been impaired to the slightest extent, it is essential to shift to a diet that supports healthy blood pressure and allow you to manage the issues. This invariably means you will have to avoid excess protein, sugar, salt and trans fats.

Let’s take a look at the foods you should steer clear of when you are suffering from kidney problems.

  1. Foods high in phosphorus and potassiumDepending on the type as well as the severity of the kidney issues you are going through, you may be advised by your dietician to limit the intake of foods which contain copious amounts of phosphorus and potassium. This is because these minerals can start accumulating in the blood when the kidneys are not able to function correctly. Your doctor may also suggest you avoid salt substitutes which may contain potassium and limit rich products. You should limit the intake of avocados, milk, yoghurt, bananas, and other seeds and beans. Foods rich in phosphorus include nuts, liver, soft drinks, and beans.
  2. Too much protein: Excessive protein intake may prove to be detrimental to kidney disorders. According to the National Kidney Disease Education Program, people with chronic kidney disease should limit daily protein consumption to about 0.36 grams per pound of body weight. The moderate approach to the consumption of protein can allow about 54 grams of protein daily for a person weighing around 150 pounds.
  3. Processed foods: Fast and processed foods are said to contain high amounts of sugar, salt, and unhealthy fats. It is important to avoid them when you have kidney disorders. This means that you will have to bid farewell to crackers, chips, cookies along with frozen meals, canned soups, and other convenience foods. It is important to note here that even foods that appear to be healthy such as canned fruits and vegetables tend to contain high amounts of salt and sugar. Thus, fruits packed without added sugar is the best option for people affected by kidney diseases.
  4. Soda and Soft Drinks: Soda and soft drinks offer absolutely no nutritional benefits, but they contain hordes of sugars, which are either natural or chemically produced. Studies have shown that sodas can lead to various health conditions such as osteoporosis, metabolic syndrome, kidney diseases and dental problems. Diet sodas may contain a lesser amount of calories, but they can still offer no nutritional values and often come with harmful additives that may prove detrimental to your overall health.

Thus, you should try to avoid these foods to manage your kidney disorder better.
 

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Things You Should Know About Alport Syndrome!

Things You Should Know About Alport Syndrome!

Alport syndrome is a genetic or hereditary disorder, which destroys the blood vessels in glomeruli of the kidneys. Eventually, it can lead to serious kidney diseases and even kidney failure. The Alport syndrome is also characterized by loss of hearing and development of eye abnormalities.

What is the cause of Alport Syndrome?

This ailment may be passed on to you if someone you are related to by blood has this condition. Genetic mutations bring about changes in the protein called collagen, which is instrumental to the functioning of the kidneys. Moreover, collagen also keeps the eyes and ears healthy. That is why any change to collagen can inflict damage to the kidneys, ears and eyes.

The genetic types of Alport Syndrome

The genetic types associated with Alport syndrome are-

  • X-linked Alport Syndrome
  • Autosomal recession Alport Syndrome
  • Autosomal dominant Alport Syndrome

What are the Symptoms of Alport Syndrome?

The kidneys, because of the damage done to the blood vessels, may be unable to get rid of excess fluids and flush out the toxins. In such a case, you might notice the following signs of kidney disease

You will also experience a loss of hearing and eye-related problems such as retinopathy or maculopathy. These symptoms usually appear in childhood. Complete deafness can set in by the time a person turns 40.

Another early symptom of Alport syndrome is the presence of blood and protein in a person’s urine.

Diagnosis of Alport Syndrome

When you notice any of these symptoms, visit a doctor. A detailed family medical history, urine test, blood test and a kidney biopsy to detect abnormalities in the glomeruli of the kidneys will help the doctor diagnose Alport Syndrome and put you on medication. You will also be recommended an ophthalmological test, which will reveal if you show the signs of anterior lenticonus – a condition linked to Alport syndrome. There will also be a mandatory hearing test.

What is the treatment of Alport Syndrome?

There is no specific cure for Alport syndrome. The aim is to curb the symptoms and prevent the illness from progressing. Your blood pressure will be constantly monitored and be given medicines to keep it in check. You will also have to cut down your intake of salt and restrict how much fluids you are consuming. Your doctor will also prescribe diuretics.

 Alport syndrome is an uncommon genetic disorder. But if you stick to your medication and diet, it can be kept in check.

IgA Nephropathy - Causes & Symptoms!

IgA Nephropathy - Causes & Symptoms!

IgA nephropathy is also called Berger’s disease. This kidney disease happens when your body produces too much of the antibody immunoglobulin A (IgA) and it builds up in the kidneys. As a result, the kidneys swell up and eventually, affect the functionality of these organs. The progression of the illness is slow but relentless. The pace depends from one person to the next.

What are the symptoms of IgA nephropathy?

In the very early stages, IgA nephropathy does not reveal any symptoms. In the later stages, you may experience these signs –

  • Urine that is the colour of tea (because of the presence of red blood cells)
  • Frequent urination
  • Traces of blood in the urine
  • The urine may also be foamy because IgA nephropathy causes proteins to seep into the urine
  • High blood pressure
  • Backache (usually below the rib cage)
  • Swelling of the hands and feet

What causes IgA nephropathy?

Immunoglobulin is vital for your body’s defence mechanism. It hunts down and destroys pathogens that have entered the system. But sometimes, too much of immunoglobulin A is produced and it collects in the glomeruli that are responsible for filtering your blood and sending the toxic wastes to the bladder for expulsion. The accumulated immunoglobulin A does not allow the kidneys to do their job.

However, the exact cause that triggers the overabundance of IgA is not known. Scientists believe that the following could be the reasons for IgA nephropathy –

Apart from these, the factors that raise your chances of contracting IgA nephropathy include –

Gender- men are more likely to get this illness than women

Ethnicity- it is more common in Asians and Caucasians than other ethnic groups

Age of the person- a person is likely to come down with this disorder between the teen years and the late 30s/early 40s

There is no cure for IgA nephropathy. Treatment seeks to control the symptoms and prevent the escalation of the illness or stop future complications.

You will also be recommended to eat fatty fishes that are loaded with Omega 3 fatty acids, which have the capacity to reduce kidney inflammation. Moreover, you will have to cut down on proteins and constantly monitor your blood pressure.

IgA nephropathy cannot be prevented, as it is a hereditary disorder. If someone in your family who you are linked to by blood has this disease, talk to a doctor to know how you can keep your kidneys healthy.

Nephrectomy - A Surgical Way To Treat Kidney Conditions!

Nephrectomy - A Surgical Way To Treat Kidney Conditions!

Nephrectomy is a surgical procedure where the kidney is removed. It can be just the one kidney or both. This procedure is resorted to in cases of kidney cancer and other kidney problems. It is also done during kidney transplantation where a healthy kidney is removed from a donor.

Types of nephrectomy

Nephrectomy is of two types – partial and radical.

In a partial nephrectomy, only the diseased parts of the kidney are removed. In the radical variant, the entire kidney along with the ureter, adrenal gland and the surrounding fatty tissues are removed. If both the kidneys are removed then it is called bilateral nephrectomy.

For donors in kidney transplant, the procedure is called donor nephrectomy.

How is it done?

There are two ways in which this surgery can be done – laparoscopic and open.

Laparoscopic method

In this method, a laparoscope is inserted from a small incision in the abdominal wall. Once the laparoscope is in place, the kidney is removed through a small incision made by the doctor.

This procedure is carried out under general anaesthesia. The advantages of this method are – quicker recovery, a short stay at the hospital and lesser chances of complications.

Open nephrectomy

In this method, the doctor makes a relatively larger cut in the abdomen to reach the kidney. Once the kidney is removed then the incision is sutured.

Recovery

Once the surgery is complete, you will be taken to recovery where your vitals will be monitored. A urinary catheter will be attached to your bladder to drain away urine.

You may feel pain in the incision area for which pain medications will be given. You will also be asked to do breathing exercises to protect yourself from pneumonia. You have to avoid stressful activities like heavy lifting for 6 weeks once you return home from surgery.

You may also need to undergo tests like urinalysis, kidney function tests and blood pressure checks on a regular basis to detect complications after the surgery.

Kidney Biopsy - What You Need To Know?

Kidney Biopsy - What You Need To Know?

A kidney biopsy is a procedure where the doctor extracts a piece of kidney tissue and examines it to look for signs of damage and disease.

Why is a kidney biopsy done?

Usually, doctors prescribe kidney biopsy if they suspect you have a kidney problem, to determine how severe your kidney disease is or to monitor kidney treatment.  A few other reasons why a kidney biopsy is done are –

  • If you have blood in the urine
  • Excessive protein discharge in the urine
  • If waste products start accumulating in the blood due to impaired kidney function

How do you prepare for a kidney biopsy?

Before you undergo the procedure, you will be asked to provide a urine and a blood sample to rule out the presence of infections. You also have to stop drinking and eating eight hours prior to the surgery.

Moreover, you need to tell the doctor if you are taking medications. The doctor may ask you to stop taking medications like ibuprofen and blood-thinning medications as they can increase the risk of blood loss during the procedure.

During the procedure

First, the doctor identifies the area where the needle will be inserted. This is done with an ultrasound or a CT scan. Once the area is identified, a local anaesthetic is applied.

After this, a small incision is made and the needle is inserted in the body and guided towards the kidney. The doctor will ask you to hold your breath while the sample is collected using a spring instrument.

If the tissue collected is inadequate in the first attempt, the doctor may insert the needle multiple times to collect sufficient tissue. Once sufficient tissue is collected, the needle is removed and a bandage is applied to the area.

Post-procedure

Once the procedure is complete, you will be taken to the recovery room where your essentials (blood pressure and heartbeat) will be monitored.

You may experience pain at the incision site for which you will be given medications. Usually, you will be allowed to leave on the same day as the surgery.

Consult a doctor if the pain aggravates, you have a fever or you notice blood in urine 24 hours after the procedure.

Once you have the results from your biopsy, you may need to visit the doctor for a follow-up.

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Kidney Transplant - 5 Must Know Things About It!

Kidney Transplant - 5 Must Know Things About It!

kidney transplant is a procedure that employs an operation to transplant properly functioning kidney in the body. The main job of the kidneys is to remove the excess waste from a person’s body with the help of a filtration process. When the kidneys stop filtering the toxins properly, they become diseased as harmful waste products and toxins begin to accumulate in the body. Following this, the patient has to go through treatment measures like dialysis or kidney transplant.

Read on to know the five things you should keep in mind about a kidney transplant:

  1. Treatment: Transplant is one of the best ways to treat chronic kidney disease stage-V, until unless it is contraindicated. Life becomes near normal after transplant, though there is a possibility of rejection of transplant kidney. Patient has to take immunosuppressive medication life long. 
  2. Medication: Medications are mainly for:
    1. To prevent rejection: Patient takes immunosuppressive medications life long.
    2. Prevention of infection: Patient has to take care all the measures to prevent infections as they are more prone to infections.
    3. Other medication: To control diabetes, HTN etc. 
  3. Family Only: The donors are from family or emotionally related or cadavers (after brain death). HLA-matched donors are better because of less chances of rejections and first reduction of immunosuppressive. 
  4. Doing Your Part: Once transplant is done - patient becomes normal and he/she lives a normal life. However, they have to take regular medications and to protect themselves from various infection. 
  5. End Stage Renal Diseases: These diseases includes diabetes mellitus, HTN, polycystic kidney disease, chronic glomerulonephritis or interstitial nephritis etc.
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