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Keloid Health Feed

Keloid - Know More About It!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 92% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi

Keloid
A Keloid is an extensive hard growth of a fibrous tissue (also called as scar tissue), which is formed when your body attempts to heal an injured skin even when it is already healed. It is actually a thick skin or tissue generated due to excessive production of collagen of Type - I in the dermis of humans. Normally, such fibrous tissue is formed in a controlled manner, when the skin is injured and needs repair. When it is produced in more quantity than actually required, it takes the form of a keloid.

The shape of the keloids is irregular and may float around the wound itself. The size of a keloid could be more than that of the original injury or wound. You will be able to see keloids mostly on the shoulders, chest, earlobes, and cheeks. But those are not specific to these body parts and could occur at any part of the body with an injury. However, it is noticed that keloids are least likely to appear on the face of its patients.

The keloids do not impose any kind of harm to your health. However, those are the cosmetic concerns for almost all its patients. The only difference between the normal scars and keloids is that the keloids do not regress on their own, as the normal scars do.

Symptoms
Since the keloids are the result of the overgrowth of fibrous tissues, their symptoms arise at the skin position of some prior injury. Following are the general symptoms of keloids:

-  Turning of the normal skin colour to flesh-coloured, either pink or red

-  Slightly up-raising of some area on or near to the previously injured skin

-  Slight and continual growth of the skin area of prior injury over the period of time

-  Itching in the skin area of prior injury

Note that the keloids could spread over a larger area than the initial wound area over the skin. Those may continually grow further over several weeks or even months.

Generally, keloids do not cause any severe harm to your skin, other than the itchy temptation. Rest than that, you would be experiencing uneasiness, sensitivity, or irritation, when those keloids are rubbed with the clothes that you would be wearing. In some rare cases when keloids spread over larger areas of the body, the hard-fibrous tissues may impact your normal and usual routine tasks.

In fact, keloids do not impose any health issues by their own, its patients may feel a little awkward or conscious, when those are larger in a well visible area, like on the wrist or face. When exposed to the sunlight, keloids tend to tan or darken as compared to its surrounding skin, which at times makes its patient feel a bit awkward in going public.

Additionally, children and people with older age are less likely to have keloids on their skin as compared to those in the years of their young age. It is recommended to the patients of keloids to keep those covered in the sunlight to avoid discolouring.

Causes
The primary breed places for a keloid are various types of skin injuries, such as:

-  Burn

-  Acne Scar

-  Chickenpox wounds

-  Scratch

-  Ear piercing

-  Surgical areas

-  Vaccination spots

As per the American Osteopathic College of Dermatology, around 10% of global individuals suffer a keloid at some point of time in their life. Both the males and females are equally prone to have keloids on their skin injuries. However, the individuals with a little dark or yellowish skin (like those African-Americans), are more likely to have a keloid on their skin. They have the tendency of up to 15 times of developing the keloids on their skin as compared to those with fairer skin.

Some other factors with which individuals are more likely to get the keloids on their body include being:

-   An Asian origin

-  A Latino origin

-  Pregnant women

-   Individuals with age below 30

Keloids are also associated with the hereditary inheritance. It means that those individuals whose either one or both parents have ever faced this problem are more orient to have keloids. Based on the studies and researches, the AHNAK gene plays a crucial role in assessing the probability of developing keloids in the individuals. It means that those individuals who have AHNAK as part of their gene system are more prone to get the keloids on their skin injuries over the others. So, it is recommended that such people should prevent themselves from getting unnecessary piercing, surgery or tattoo on their body.

Note: It is very rare to see patients have both keloids and psoriasis at the same time.

Prevention
There are certain measures that you must take care after getting an injury over your skin to prevent the formation of keloids. Those include:

-  Take complete care of the wound in order to get it healed at the earliest. You may use the silicone gel pressure pads on the area impacted by injury for a quick recovery and avoiding the chances of getting keloids.

-  Consume food rich in vitamin E and minerals in good quantity when you have any kind of skin injury. This would ensure faster healing of the wound. The tissues of our body tend to get repaired faster when we eat foods rich in collagen. The vegetables such as cucumber and celery, are a very good source of collagen. Other than those, the green leafy vegetables like cabbage, spinach, and kale also contain a considerable amount of collagen, along with other essential antioxidants like lutein. The foods rich in vitamin C also produce collagen within our body itself. Various food items rich in vitamin C include guava, black currant, red pepper, kiwi, green peppers, orange, strawberries, papaya, broccoli, parsley, pineapple, mango, and more. You must consume those in good amount when getting a wound on any part of your body.

-   Avoid unnecessary skin piercings and take care of the injuries, at least when you or either of your parents has the history of getting a keloid in the past.

-  It is found by the researches that the most sensitive piercing area in terms of getting a keloid is the back side of your earlobe. This is because that part of your body is in contact with the metal part of the earring. So, in case you have the passion of wearing a pair of earrings for which you would have got your ears pierced, it is strongly recommended to use a pair of earring with the non-metallic back. This minimizes the chances of getting the development of keloids in that area.

-  Studies have identified that the formation of a keloid due to ear piercing is much more common amongst kids below the age of 11 years. So, you must take care to not get the ears pierced of your kids below this age, especially if they have the history of keloids in their family.

How is it diagnosed?
Generally, you do not need any medical attention for keloids. However, in case you would see any of the above-mentioned symptoms of those on your body, you may consult your physician, who would visually examine and confirm its occurrence. Note that the continual, excessive and uncontrolled growth of keloids may also be the signs of the skin cancer.

So, if the growth of a keloid is not stopping in a few weeks, or maximum in two months, you must consult a doctor and get it treated, if needed. Once after screening the keloid on your skin, the physician may recommend further to get a biopsy test done for a diagnosis of cancer if needed. In this process, a little tissue sample is extracted from the keloid area and sent for the diagnosis for the occurrence of cancer cells.

Treatment
Once after the diagnosis and confirmation of keloid, the physician would recommend the correct treatment methodology to be followed. A keloid is the result of the human body’s trying to heal the skin or wound. In case the keloid is grown enough, the doctor would recommend getting it removed through some simple and minor surgery. It happens at times that even after getting a keloid removed, it is re-grown back, which may be larger than that of before the surgery.

Note that the large keloids are very difficult to get treated. Apart from the surgery, the following treatments are carried out the suppress the symptoms of a keloid:

-  When there is excessive inflammation, the patient is given the corticosteroid injections to get relieved.

-  Some moisturizing ointments or oils could be applied to soften the keloid tissue.

-  Some doctors recommend using the silicone gel for applying on to the keloid since it helps to shrink those and also from growing further. The best part is that silicone does not cause any kind of side effect and is almost safe for individuals of all age groups.

-  In some cases, the keloid impacted part is frozen for a short period so that the tissue cells over the skin are killed without any side effects.

-  The laser therapy treatment could also be undertaken to minimize the intensity of keloid tissues and stop their further growth.

-  Radiation therapy could also be used in case the keloids are at multiple places on the body.

Complications
There are very rare cases identified where keloids would have caused adverse side effects on the skin or any other part of the body. This is the reason why you may leave it untreated even after years of its diagnosis. The only bad thing may be that many of its patients do not like its appearance of their body.

Else than the appearance part, some patients face little difficulties when the size of keloids on their body grow much with which they may make them face problems in wearing clothes, shoes and more. The only critical thing is to get it diagnosed and confirmed by your doctor.

This is because many people could not differentiate between keloids and skin cancer, which would make them face complications at a later stage. The treatment methodologies for keloids are also not much difficult or expensive. So, in case you have also got such kind of problem, you may get it treated by a good doctor.

Myths
Myth #1:
Keloid is a preliminary stage of skin cancer

This is absolutely incorrect. Keloid is a disorder with which the growth of tissues over the skin is expanded to an extent. However, in the skin cancer, the growth of the skin cells is unstoppable. If the physician suspects that the scars of the patient’s skin are due to the skin cancer, they may be advised to get a biopsy test done.

Myth #2: Exposure to the sun would help reduce the size and growth of a keloid.

The sunlight never reduces the existing impact or further growth of a keloid. In fact, the exposure to the sunlight tans or darkens the area affected by the keloid. This way, it starts appearing distinctively when compared with its surrounding skin. So, it is recommended for you to be covered in the sunlight in case you are a patient of keloids.

Myth #3: Rubbing the Vitamin E oil would stop the growth of a keloid.

It is true that the Vitamin E oil helps the skin from healing an injury a bit early. However, there are no clinical proofs that it helps in recovering from keloids.

Myth #4: The surgery process for the removal of keloids ensure that they would not reoccur.

This is not necessarily true. At times, keloids are re-grown even after getting those removed through a surgery. Even the size of the new re-grown keloids may be larger than the previous one which was there before the surgery.

Conclusion
Keloids are actually adverse symptoms over your skins, which do not impose any direct health complication by any means. It is, however, very crucial to get it diagnosed and confirmed by a physician even when you are pretty sure about its symptoms. It will be good if you intake vitamin E and minerals in good quantity when you have any kind of skin injury. This would help you in faster healing.

 

Scars And Its Treatment With Homeopathy!

Dr. Swarup Kumar Ghosh 88% (82 ratings)
MD - Bio-Chemistry, MF Homeo (London), DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery), BHMS
Homeopath, Kolkata
Scars And Its Treatment With Homeopathy!

Skin Disorder - Scar And Its Homoeopathic Treatment.

Scar form in places where there is damage to skin caused by trauma such as cut, burn, or another form of wounding. Comprised of fibrous tissues.

Different type of Scars 

  • Acne Scar -shallow depressions or deep ice pick like pits that form due to loss of collagen as an aftermath of inflamed acne lesions. It can have great impact on emotional health.

 

  • Keloid Scars -very large, firm nodules that extend beyond the margin of the scar on the skin. Keloid occurs from skin injuries such as surgical incision, traumatic wound, vaccination sites, burns, chickenpox, acne. Keloidosis term used when multiple or repeated keloid are produced


Atrophic Scars -round, crater-like, depression often left from chickenpox or trauma to skin such as bug bites

Hypertrophic Scars -raised, firm scars that come after injury or surgery.

Stretch Marks are also formed of scarring

How to get rid of Scar? 

  1. Acne Scar- 
  • Fractional Skin Resurfacing -work to build new collagen in surface layers of the skin using microscopic laser beams.
  • Rejuvapen Micro Needling -creates invisible micro-perforations into the top layer of skin, the epidermis to turn on the skins natural repair mechanism to produce collagen and elastin to repair the area.

       2. Atrophic Scar-

  • If the scar flattens when stretched they can be treated with our dermal filler, Bellafill
  • It can also be treated with fractional Skin Resurfacing and Rejuvapen Micro Needling


      3. Hypertrophic Scar- Injection of steroids into the scar to soften fibrous tissue and flatten the scar

      4. Keloid Scar-

  • Treat with steroid injections
  • Keloid scar can require surgical removal. To prevent recurrence steroid injections are injected before, during and after surgical procedure

Homeopathic Medicine for Scars-

  1. Acidum Fluor -old scars become red around edges and itch
  2. Acidum Sulph -for removal of scars left after healing a wound
  3. Calc Fluor -use it for birth marks, scar marks and hard skin.
  4. Lachesis -old healed scar of wounds open again with a tendency to suppurate
  5. Graphites -formation of a smooth scar after an operation.
  6. Hypericum -Slight paralysis due to entanglement of the nerves in the scars.
  7. Phytolacca Dec- scars left after healing of an abscess.
  8. Silicea -scars left after drying up of pimples or blotches or ulcers are removed by the use of this remedy.
  9. Variolinum and Thuja -for the removal of ugly scars left after cure of small pox and chic.
1 person found this helpful

I got cauterization on my small mole near neck .it causes keloid formation .later I tried to remove by dermatologist but it got even bigger and worse than before. What is the better solution to get rid off this keloid. Can I use silicone sheets over. Please reply asap as it growing day by day.

Dr. Pavan Murdeshwar 91% (3342 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Plastic Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
Hello. Definitely it can be treated. Keloids have variety of treatment nowadays depending upon its size, position and response. There are procedures like compression bandages, silicon gel or sheet treatment, intralesional steroids, excision etc. But none can be suggested without examination in proper. U can definitely get rid of it, or at least decrease it in size, and prevent its recurrence. For deciding which treatment will suit you and where it can be done, you can consult or text me online with details and pictures of the lesion.
2 people found this helpful
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For second degree burns that have formed keloid over the years, on the full back, is plastic surgery the best option? If yes, how many months does it take to recover?

Dr. Pavan Murdeshwar 91% (3342 ratings)
MCh - Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
Hello. Definitely it can be treated. Keloids have variety of treatment nowadays depending upon its size, position and response. There are procedures like compression bandages, silicon gel or sheet treatment, intralesional steroids, excision etc. But none can be suggested without examination in proper. U can definitely get rid of it, or at least decrease it in size, and prevent its recurrence. For deciding which treatment will suit you and where it can be done, you can consult or text me online with details and pictures of the lesion.
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I got keloid on my chest. Back to back it increases on the area. And near by near developing. Its so itching and painfully please give me a suggestion for how to cure this allergy.

Dr. Vijay Nagdev 86% (84 ratings)
MD - General Medicine, Diploma in Dermatology, Diploma in Medical Cosmetology
Dermatologist, Pune
Keloid needs proper treatment from a qualified Dermatologist. So better consult a dermatologist in your area for early treatment and prevention of complications. For Further queries Feel free to ask. All the best.
2 people found this helpful
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I'm suffering from keloid for last 4 months. But since two days it's became more painful and bigger in size. Need immediate treatment.

Dr. Pavan Murdeshwar 91% (3342 ratings)
MCh - Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
Hello. Definitely it can be treated. Keloids have variety of treatment nowadays depending upon its size, position and response. There are procedures like compression bandages, silicon gel or sheet treatment, intralesional steroids, excision etc. But none can be suggested without examination in proper. U can definitely get rid of it, or at least decrease it in size, and prevent its recurrence. For deciding which treatment will suit you and where it can be done, you can consult or text me online with details and pictures of the lesion.
1 person found this helpful
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I am 20 years old, a keloid is formed on my ear due to injury. Got it operated but still it is forming, what is the solution for this?

Dr. Pavan Murdeshwar 91% (3342 ratings)
MCh - Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
Hello. Definitely it can be treated. Keloids have variety of treatment nowadays depending upon its size, position and response. There are procedures like compression bandages, silicon gel or sheet treatment, intralesional steroids, excision etc. But none can be suggested without examination in proper. U can definitely get rid of it, or at least decrease it in size, and prevent its recurrence. For deciding which treatment will suit you and where it can be done, you can consult or text me online with details and pictures of the lesion.
2 people found this helpful
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I am 28 male I have a keloid on my left hand for about 2 inch in size I want to know how it is removes and how much it cost in india?

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 97% (18079 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
It can be removed by homoeopathic treatment... You can consult me at lybrate.. It may cost around 2-3 thousands..
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Hi Sir, I have keloid on my chest last 2 years can I take homeopathic medicine that is thiniminium 3X tablets or advice something else Thanks you.

Dr. Pavan Murdeshwar 91% (3342 ratings)
MCh - Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
Hello. Definitely it can be treated. Keloids have variety of treatment nowadays depending upon its size, position and response. There are procedures like compression bandages, silicon gel or sheet treatment, intralesional steroids, excision etc. But none can be suggested without examination in proper. You can definitely get rid of it, or at least decrease it in size, and prevent its recurrence. For deciding which treatment will suit you and where it can be done, you can consult or text me online with details and pictures of the lesion.
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I have 1 keloid on my chest can I take septran Ds tablet and crush it and put on my chest to treat keloid?

Dr. Pavan Murdeshwar 91% (3342 ratings)
MCh - Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
Hello. Definitely it can be treated. Keloids have variety of treatment nowadays depending upon its size, position and response. There are procedures like compression bandages, silicon gel or sheet treatment, intralesional steroids, excision etc. But none can be suggested without examination in proper. U can definitely get rid of it, or at least decrease it in size, and prevent its recurrence. For deciding which treatment will suit you and where it can be done, you can consult or text me online with details and pictures of the lesion.
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