Orthopedic disorders include all the issues and ailments that are related to the muscles, joints and ligaments. Orthopedic disorders are so widespread and so large in number that it is very difficult to list all of them down.
However, among them the five most common orthopedic disorders are :
It is a chronic and a long lasting orthopedic disorder in which you witness the swelling or inflammation of one or more joints in the body. This condition is very painful in nature and it tends to deteriorate gradually. This condition usually affects elderly people and it also worsens with age which ultimately causes stiffness of the joints and limits your routine body movements.
This is a degenerative joint disorder which leads to immense levels of pain and discomfort in the joints of the body. This is one of the most serious forms of orthopedic diseases that have been noticed. This disease involve degradation and decline in the overall quality of the bones and joints in the affected areas.
This condition refers to periods of pain and discomfort in the lower part of your spinal area. This condition is very common nowadays and as a result of this pain your back usually becomes tender, swollen and stiff. This pain also stops you from doing your overall routine activities.
It is an orthopedic disorder in which there is severe amounts of swelling of a particular joint accompanied by small lumps on the affected area that further degrade the external appearance of the skin of the area. In case of adults, this disorder lasts for a lifetime and worsens with time, if left untreated.
Joint Stiffness is a feeling that the movement of a particular joint is getting restricted. The stiffness is generally accompanied by pain and occurs mainly due to arthritis or as a result of an injury to joint. Appropriate and regular exercises can help reduce stiffness and pain, increase flexibility, improve endurance, develop muscle strength and keep bone and cartilage in healthy condition.
Let us see what physiotherapy is all about how it can be helpful in treating joint stiffness.
One of the allied health professions is physiotherapy, which by using mechanical force and movements, exercise therapy and electrotherapy, acts as a remedy for impairments and promotes a person’s mobility and joint function. The kind of physical therapy treatment which people receive for their joint stiffness mainly depends on the exact cause for the condition and other symptoms such as pain and inflammation.
Procedure for treating joint stiffness through physiotherapy
When you go for physiotherapy, the first thing a physical therapist would do is to ask you about the exact condition with respect to the symptoms, which you might be experiencing along with the joint stiffness. You should clearly state to the physiotherapist since when have you been experiencing stiffness. The very next thing which a therapist would ask is, your medical history, if you have been suffering from arthritis.
After all the preliminary diagnosis through the question-answer session, the physiotherapist would conduct a thorough physical examination and look to evaluate the joint and other structures associated with it to find out what exactly is causing joint stiffness and other symptoms like, pain, inflammation etc.
Now, after the completion of his questioning and physical examination, the comprehensive physical therapy treatment plan would be prepared as per the exact of your stiffness, symptoms and your needs.
Joints are a vital supporting point for your body because it helps to move or bend your other body parts like elbows, knees, back, and hip which is very crucial to perform our daily task. It helps improve our mobility and keeps us active for the whole day.
It is advised by orthopaedics to take extra care of your joints. If you don't take proper care of your bones, you may face several health problems as you grow old. As a result, you will find it very difficult to do your daily routine work.
There is a lubricant in your joints, which helps to hold your joints together, and it also avoids the bones from rubbing each other. Medically, it is termed as synovial fluid. Due to various reasons like lack of proper nutrition and wrong body movements, the level of this fluid is affected, thereby causing multiple health problems. You should take utmost care of your joints to have a healthy lifestyle. Few guidelines are given by orthopaedics to take care of your bones.
If the stroke has affected the part of your brain that controls movement, one may have weakness or paralysis on one side of your body or problems with moving and doing your everyday activities.
The process of physiotherapy should resume as soon as the patient is stabilized
Symptoms like muscle spasms, balance problems, and joint pain. This guide explains some of the ways that physiotherapy can helps recovery.
Strength training - There is evidence that strength training improves function without increasing tone or pain in individuals with stroke.
Voluntary control development terms (" voluntary" and" involuntary" apply to the human nervous system and its control over muscles) is the major work of a physiotherapist and its done through different techniques of neuro physiotherapy
Orthotics - Basic splinting at night time to prevent contracture in initial stage helps.
Long-term use of static orthoses requires complimentary appropriate treatment, to prevent clenched fist.
Gaming - Goal orientated computer gaming has proven to significantly reduce upper limb impairment in stroke patients.
Virtual reality - Virtual reality training has been shown to be effective in restoring motor impairments and motor-related functional abilities
Mirror therapy - Mirror therapy has been shown to have a beneficial effect on motor control and function compared with conventional therapy
Robot-assisted therapy - Has been shown to have a beneficial effect on motor recovery.
Arthritis is an inflammatory joint disorder of autoimmune starting point. In arthritis, the joints get to be painful, inflamed, swollen and warm with checked stiffness. Chiefly the little joints of wrist, fingers, ankles and toes are included. Over the long haul, other huge joints may likewise get influenced.
Homeopathy is a standout amongst the most prevalent all encompassing system of medicine. The determination of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms comparability by utilizing comprehensive approach. To the extent therapeutic medication is concerned, a few very much demonstrated medicines are accessible for homeopathic treatment of arthritis that can be chosen on the premise of cause, sensation, location, modalities and augmentation of the protests. For individualized remedy determination and treatment, the patient ought to counsel a qualified homeopathic doctor face to face.
Causes of arthritis
Will Homeopathy treat joint inflammation?
Homeopathic method of treatment is extremely powerful in treating rheumatoid arthritis. Homeopathic medicines treat rheumatoid arthritis by directing the overactive immune system. They decrease joint inflammation and symptoms including swelling, pain and stiffness of joints. Homeopathy offers an extensive variety of medicines for rheumatoid arthritis. However, there is nobody cure for all ills connected with this condition. The most fitting Homeopathic medicine for rheumatoid arthritis is chosen in light of an inside and out analysis of individual symptoms. Exceedingly successful Homeopathic medicines for rheumatoid arthritis are ActaeaSpicata, RhusTox, Causticum, Bryonia, Kalmia, Caulophyllum, Ledum pal, Guaiacum, Benzoic acid, Calcaria Carb.
The homeopathic treatment for arthritis has the capability of forever reestablishing the health of your joints. It merits finding a decent homeopath that will regard you as the individual you seem to be, instead of essentially "obtaining" a remedy from another person's experience.
The joints and bones of the body are connected by fibrous band of tissue called as a ligament. When these ligaments are over stretched or are subjected to any injury that could cause tearing of the ligament and a sprain of the ligament happens. Sprains usually occur at the ankle joint, knee joint or the shoulder, since these areas have a connection of bones at a joint.
During movement, the ligament functions to stretch or expand and move back to its original position. However, sometimes due to an over-stretch of the ligament, it gets pushed or expands beyond its usual position. A sudden twisting movement of the ligament can also cause a sprain.
While walking, any abnormal movement of the leg can cause a sprain, hence, the ankle joint is the most common location affected by a sprain. Sports injuries are a common causative factor of sprains. In accordance to the body part involved frequently in playing sports, a wrist sprain or an ankle sprain is a common finding.
Dancers are also prone to frequently sprain their ligaments. If a sprain occurs at the wrist joint, it can also lead to cause the Carpal tunnel syndrome, which leads to the numbness of the wrist joint. Moderate to severe pain around the affected joint, presence of bruising in cases of an injury, swelling around the affected joint and difficulty in movement are the common symptoms of a sprain.
There can be a popping sound heard during an injury to the joint, which indicates a sprain. Sprain of the joint can cause other complications too. If there is an involvement of the nerve in the injury, there can be an associated numbness and tingling sensation at the affected area. A physician performs physical inspection of the area while looking for the symptoms of sprain. If the injury involves a larger surface area and is causing severe pain, an MRI or X-ray can be ordered to detect for the ligament or bone involvement, respectively.
Classification of sprain can be enlisted as follows:
Stretching exercises and muscle training are important in prevention of a sprain. Sprain preventing measures are as follows:
1. Before beginning an exercise routine, it is essential to do warm up exercises. Slight jogging can be done to activate muscle movement.
2. Stretching before and after an exercise routine is necessary. It ensures that the muscles around the joint are in a relaxed position. It helps in minimizing the risk of an injury.
3. Some specific exercises that help to strengthen the muscles around ankles should be done. Heel raise exercise is beneficial in strengthening the ankle muscles.
4. Exercises that target the improvement of overall body’s balance should be done on a regular basis. These exercises help in preventing twisting of ankles during walking or moving down the stairs.
5. In case of a previous ankle injury, it is recommended to wear an ankle brace to prevent any twisting caused by a dis-balance.
Treatment of the sprain is done by following the RICE procedure. This procedure includes the protocol of rest, ice, compression and elevation. Analgesics can be taken for pain relief. Ice pack application helps in reducing the swelling. Using a compression bandage helps in immobilizing the injury.
The term wellness is much more than just physical health, exercise or nutrition though has been applied in many different ways. Wellness is a developed process of achieving one’s full health and well-being potential.
There are several models of wellness. A few known and accepted ones postulate six or seven aspects:
Wellness actually involves a personal perception of general wellness by the self. We score our wellness from 1-10, with 1 being worst ever and 10 being best ever score. We may all have different answers when our doctor asks us. How are you feeling today on a scale of 1-10?
So what can we do to enhance our general wellness? This is where a health or wellness coach comes in. Think of wellness coaching like this, many of us have health goals that we would like to achieve or a disease that we want to overcome, but a lot of times do not know where to begin making changes to reach those goals. Hence we need handholding to reach our wellness, health and weight loss goals- all of which the coach does for us. A wellness coach helps by challenging patients to develop their inner wisdom, identify their values, and transform their goals into action.
General wellness coaching in hospitals - What to expect?
A health and wellness coach is available in most hospitals today. An initial visit with the coach will help you set realistic goals especially if you are grappling with a health issue like diabetes, hypertension, heart problem or stress. The coach will also do an analysis of your current routines and habits, followed by recommendations for healthy changes designed around your particular lifestyle. Follow-up appointments will be conducted to monitor your progress and ensure that you stay on track. The health coach will help you to continue with slowly implementing healthy changes in your daily routine.
Wellness coaching uses principles from positive psychology and the practices of motivational interviews and goal setting.
A wellness coach can help you with
Knee is a hinge joint where the lower leg bone tibia meets the thigh bone femur. During osteoarthritis, cartilage or ligament defects and degenerative arthritis, knee replacement surgery is recommended world-wide to get relief from extreme pain. Knee replacement surgery, also known as knee arthroscopy, is a surgical procedure, in which the affected knee joint is replaced with synthetic material. The most likely candidates for total knee replacement are the patients with severe destruction of the knee joint coupled with progressive pain and impaired function.
Modern technological advances have made computer assisted knee replacement surgery extremely popular around the globe. In this surgery, the surgeon is assisted by a computer to remove the optimum amount and angle of the bone, which otherwise is done by inspecting manually. This is an excellent example of surgery through small incision and it eliminates the chances of human error. A perfect alignment and balance is achieved and hence longevity is also increased to 20 - 30 years. Knee replacement surgery is also specific to gender as the anatomy of male and female patients is different.
There are many types of knee replacements, most common being the total knee replacement or Total Knee Arthroplasty. In addition, there is partial knee replacement, bilateral knee replacement, revision knee replacement and knee arthroscopy.
In knee replacement surgery, the worn out surfaces of joints of knee are replaced with artificial implant of plastic and metal. The lower end of the femur bone is removed and replaced with a metal shell. The upper end of the lower leg bone (tibia) is also removed and replaced with a channelled plastic implant with a metal stem. A plastic ball is also added under the kneecap depending on its condition. These artificial components are commonly referred as prosthesis. The design of these highly flexible implants replicate knee, with the rotating knee replacement implants assist in backward and forward swing of the legs.
Patients whose knee joints have been damaged by either trauma or progressive arthritis should consider total knee replacement surgery. Post-surgical hospital stay after knee joint replacement is usually three to five days. The surgery has a very high success rate and shows dramatic improvement after a month. This improvement is most notable one month or more after surgery. The pain caused by the damaged joint is reduced significantly when the new gliding surface is constructed during surgery.
Initially, patient will walk with the help of a walking aid until the knee is able to support full body weight. After six weeks, patient can walk comfortably with minimal assistance. Patients with artificial joints are prescribed to take antibiotics during the course of any elective invasive procedures including dental work. Physiotherapy is an essential part of rehabilitation and it will increase the muscle strength and patient can enjoy most activities, except running and jumping.
Today’s lifestyle is full of stress, long commuting hours, staying back in office to meet that deadline. All this can lead to musculoskeletal problems. These top physiotherapist in Gurgaon, can help you with determining any kind of musculoskeletal problems as well as treatment. They can help you with the simplest of thing like posture correction to post surgery physio like in case of knee or hip replacement. They also help in treating as well as the training required for sports. Below is the list of Top 10 Physiotherapist in Gurgaon, you can refer in case you are suffering from any kind of muscle or joint injury, pain or discomfort.
Consultation fees: ₹500
Dr. Deep has 21 years of practice and runs his own clinic as Arya Physiotherapy Clinic, Gurgaon. His clinics are very well equipped with high facilities and world class technology. His areas of specialization are general, orthopedic, neurology, geriatric, sports injuries and joint pain.
BPTh/BPT, MPT - Orthopedic Physiotherapy, Post Graduate Diploma In Ergonomics (PGDHSC - Ergonomics), MBA - Hospital Management
Consultation fees: ₹500-600
Dr. Rajesh Pal has 18 years of experience at PAL Physiotherapy and GNH Hospital, Gurgaon. He is a trusted physiotherapist and a trusted name in Gurgaon. His areas of specialisation are backache related disorders and sport injuries.
B.P.T, M.P.T(ORTHO), Certification In Gym Instructor & Prenatal & Post Natal
Consultation fees: ₹500
Dr. Ranjana is known for her hardwork and dedication for her patients. She has 16 years of experience and currently practices at Physioslimfit Wellness Centre.. Her areas of expertise are trauma injury, paralytic care, parkinson's disease and treating rheumatoid arthritis. She also specializes in Pain management, Aerobics, Gym Instruction and pre- post natal exercise.
BPT, Master of Hospital Administration
Consultation fees: ₹400-500
Dr. Sachin has 20 years of experience and is amongst the leading physiotherapist in Gurgaon. He is currently associated with Neurortho Physiotherapy Clinic, Gurgaon. He actively participates in various medical camps and specialises in dealing with back pain related issues like- slip disc and cervical spondylosis. He also take sessions on postural training and frozen shoulder in different corporate offices.
BPT, MPT- Ortho
Consultation fees: ₹500
Dr. Tyagi has around 9 years of experience in treating various types of musculoskeletal pain, orthopaedic and neurological conditions. He also treats sports injuries, geriatric care and rehabilitation. He is currently working as a HOD of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation in Anahat Multispeciality Hospital, Gurgaon and was previously associated with some of the reputed hospitals like Brij Medical Center, Nu Tech Mediworld and Qi Spine.
BPTh/BPT, MPT - Physiotherapy
Consultation fees: ₹900
Dr. Pallavi Jain has 7 years of experience as a physiotherapist in Gurgaon. She currently practices at W Pratiksha Hospital. Other than being a physiotherapist, she is a certified Mat Pilates Level 1 Instructor. Sh also has hands on experiment on treating cases of trauma injury, paralytic care, parkinson's disease and rheumatoid arthritis.
Antenatal and Postnatal Fitness Instructor, CSPT, BPTh/BPT, Certification in Lactation
Consultation fees: ₹400 - 600
Dr. Yogyata Gandhi is a consultant physiotherapist who is associated with paras hospital Gurgaon. She has 10 years of experience in this field and specialises as sports and musculoskeletal physiotherapist and antenatal physiotherapist. She is a certified pregnancy yoga and fitness expert and runs her own prenatal yoga classes in association with gynecologists.
Consultation fees: ₹200
Dr. Geyata is a well known physiotherapist, with 9 years of experience and practices at Dr. Geyata Shrivastava clinic. Her clinic is known for using the best and latest technology in machines for treating any pain and bone related ailments. Areas of specialization are general, orthopedic, neurology, geriatric, sports injuries and joint pain.
Consultation fees: ₹600
Dr. Neha is currently affiliated with Mayom Hospital, Gurgaon. She has 11 years of experience as physiotherapist. She is expert in treating some very rare critical and challenging cases. She is a certified Kinesio Taping Therapist, qualified Mulligan mobilization practitioner and Thera Band Trainer. Her rares of experiment are treatment of Orthopedic, Post-Surgical, Neurological, Pediatric, Gynecological, Cardiopulmonary, Sports Physiotherapy, Lifestyle and Obesity conditions.
MPTh/MPT - Neurological Physiotherapy, BPTh/BPT
Consultation fees: ₹500
Dr. Neetu other than being a physiotherapist, she is a certified in different procedures like clinical dry needling, workplace ergonomics, kinesio taping (CKTT), mulligans manual mobilization therapist, cupping and manual therapy and pilates. Her areas of interest are treating cases with low back pain, knee pain and neck pain, antenatal and postnatal cases, ACL Reconstruction Rehabilitation, Paralysis, Neuro Physiotherapy and Sports Injury.
Omega 3 is a necessary chain of fatty acids in the body. They can't be produced by the body and are hence very vital. Omega 3 deficiency means the absence of long chain fatty acids that are required to regulate body function like the cardiovascular, inflammatory and immunity of the body. A deficiency in Omega 3 can be identified easily compared with the lack of other nutrients as there are many symptoms of Omega 3 deficiency.
If you feel you have these problems as well, then don’t forget to visit a doctor. A medical practitioner can help in improving the situation before it has worsened too much. So be sure to consult one before it’s too late.