What is Interstitial lung disease?
Interstitial lung disease describes a large group of disorders that inflame or scar the lungs. Once lung scarring occurs, it’s generally irreversible. Medications can slow the damage of interstitial lung disease, but many people never regain full use of their lungs.
Symptoms of Interstitial lung disease-
Causes of Interstitial lung disease-
Risk factors of Interstitial lung disease-
Complications of Interstitial lung disease-
Diagnosis of Interstitial lung disease-
Diagnosis of Interstitial lung disease involves the following tests:
Precautions & Prevention of Interstitial lung disease-
Treatment of Interstitial lung disease
Homeopathic Treatment of Interstitial lung disease
Homeopathic treatment of interstitial lung disease is helpful for relieving sharp pains in the lungs, hemorrhaging in the capillaries and coughing with thick phlegm. Homeopathy stimulates natural healing mechanism and immunity. Some of the homeopathic remedies for interstitial lung disease are:
Acupuncture and Acupressure Treatment of Interstitial Lung Disease-
Acupuncture relieves by improving the physiological function of the organs and organ system. In acupuncture therapist will first diagnose the case on the basis of energy system or chi blockage as well as on the basis of status of five elements. On this basis certain disease specific acupoints are selected and stimulated.
Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Interstitial Lung Disease-
Psychotherapy and hypnotherapy can help in stress relief. They can help in better coping and early relief
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Interstitial lung disease-
In the allopathic treatment of interstitial lung disease, corticosteroids are used. Sometimes they are used with other drugs such as methotrexate or cyclosporine. Oxygen therapy is also used which make breathing and exercise easier and reduce blood pressure in the right side of your heart.
Surgical Treatment of Interstitial lung disease-
For severe interstitial lung disease, lung transplantation may be an option.
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Interstitial lung disease-
Interstitial lung disease is a general category that includes many different lung conditions. All interstitial lung diseases affect the interstitium, a part of the lungs' anatomic structure. The most common symptom of all forms of interstitial lung disease is shortness of breath. Nearly all people with interstitial lung disease will experience breathlessness, which may get worse over time.
Other symptoms of interstitial lung disease include:
1) cough, which is usually dry and nonproductive.
2) weight loss, most often in people with cop or boop.
Pulmonary function test (PFT) is a diagnostic evaluation of the Lungs with a primary purpose of Diagnosing the Lung diseases and it's stage, to rationally treat the pulmonary impairment.
Pulmonary function testing has diagnostic and therapeutic roles and helps clinicians answer some general questions about patients with lung disease.
PFTs should be performed & interpreted by a Pulmonologist.
Pulmonary function testing is a diagnostic and management tool used for a variety of reasons, such as:
Why is it necessary?
Just imagine not knowing Blood Glucose (Sugar) levels while treating a Diabetic patient, similarly Chest disease patients need Pulmonary Function Testing.
Which helps in:
Frequency of Pulmonary Function Testing:
In most cases, at time of diagnosis and after that yearly (for comparisons with old reports).
Who should conduct PFT & Interpret the report:
Pulmonologist should perform 7 interpret all results of PFT Tests.
Why is PFT underused?
PFT is a speciality test, even today all medical centers treating Chest patients don't have this facility, hence most patients have not heard about it.
Is it a safe test?
Yes, patient has to only follow intructions to breathe in & out.
Will it be beneficial to all respiratory patients?
No, like all tests, PFT is a specific diagnostic tool with limitations.
Please consult your Chest Specialist before getting PFT Testing.
When you suffer from dry, chronic cough along with shortness of breath, it is normal to get worried and annoyed. You will want to know the cause and the cure. Note that it might be due to a condition called the interstitial lung disease.
Including almost more than 200 different lung conditions, interstitial lung disease refers to the inflammation and scarring caused in the lungs, which leads to less oxygen entering the blood. Mainly affecting the interstitial part of the anatomic structure of the lungs, which is responsible for the oxygen flow into the blood, interstitial lung disease can damage other parts of the lungs too, such as the lung lining, the airways or the blood vessels. The following is a brief account of the types, causes, symptoms, and treatment of ILD.
Interstitial lung disease can be of various kinds, though all of them leads to the thickening of the lung’s interstitial part. Some of the types of ILD are
While some of the ILD types are short lived, some are irreversible and chronic.
The primary causes of interstitial lung disease are viruses, fungi, and bacteria. Regular exposure to inhalable irritants such as talc, silica dust, asbestos, coal dust or any other kind of metal dust, bird proteins of pigeons, chickens or any exotic birds, grain dust, etc. can also cause interstitial lung disease. Though rare, sometimes it is the intake of particular drugs that may cause ILD. For the majority of interstitial lung diseases, the exact cause is not always known.
Both men and women of any age can develop this disease, and it is more common in people with rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, scleroderma, and autoimmune disease. Some of the primary symptoms and signs of interstitial lung disease are nonproductive dry cough, shortness of breath, and considerable weight loss. While for some types of ILDs the symptoms develop slowly and gradually over months, for others, such as the acute interstitial pneumonitis or interstitial pneumonia, the symptoms develop more rapidly, within days or a few hours.
For identifying the presence of ILD, doctors usually rely upon chest X-ray, CT scan or computed tomography, pulmonary function testing, high-resolution CT scan, and lung biopsy. In case no apparent cause behind the disease is found from the tests, a patient's history of being exposed to certain chemical environments is then taken into consideration.
Depending on the type and severity of the disease the treatment options vary from one to another. While for some taking prescribed drugs can offer a solution to prevent the lungs from deteriorating further, for some a complete lung transplant may become the only solution. Treatments like pulmonary rehabilitation and oxygen therapy can also be ideal, based on the condition of the lungs.
Thus, if one is constantly exposed to lung irritants and experiences the symptoms of interstitial lung disease for more than eight weeks, he/she must seek the advice of a pulmonologist without delay as the condition may lead to severe complications when left untreated.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Lung capacity (or total lung capacity) refers to the total volume of air contained in the lungs after one complete inhalation and is a direct summation of your respiratory capacity and residual capacity (the amount you inhale and the amount your lungs can keep). A diminished lung capacity can stem from a number of conditions such as asthma, emphysema, lung cancer, or from bad habits such as excessive smoking. This, however, can be combated by a number of means.
1. Breathing exercises:
2. Physical exercises:
3. Long-term training exercises:
Interstitial lung disease is an umbrella term for numerous lung diseases that are caused due to scarring or inflammation of lungs. Because of the inflammation, it becomes hard for the body to get enough oxygen. Pulmonary fibrosis is the term for scarring of the lungs.
It refers to a variety of progressive conditions and disorders that result in inflammation and heavy scarring of the lung tissue. Because scarring of the sensitive lung tissue causes hardening and inflexibility of the lungs, the lungs are unable to expand to their normal size. This irreversible condition greatly reduces breathing capacity and prevents life saving oxygen from properly traveling through the bloodstream.
While most cases of interstitial lung disease occur at a gradual progression, other cases appear more rapidly and their causes are unknown. Treatment options sometimes vary and while prescription medicines can slow the progression of interstitial lung disease, it is often not enough to help a patient recover full breathing capacity.
The major symptoms of interstitial lung diseases include:
Types of Interstitial Lung Disease-
Any sort of interstitial lung disease causes thickening of the interstitium which may be due to extra fluids, inflammation or scarring. Some types may be short lived; however, some could be chronic and really painful.
Some of the kinds are discussed below:
Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: Although the cause is unknown, this is a chronic form of scarring of the interstitium.
Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis: This lung problem is caused due to excessive inhalation of dust, mold or other sort of irritants.
Acute Interstitial Pneumonitis: This is a sudden and intense lung disease which usually requires life support.
Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia: This is a kind of interstitial lung disease but without the presence of any infection.
Desquamative Interstitial Pneumonitis: This is partially caused due to smoking.
Asbestosis: As the name suggests, this is caused due to prolonged exposure to asbestos.
Sarcoidosis: In this condition, lymph nodes are swollen along with lung disorders. Often heart, eye, skin and nerve involvement also occurs.
Homeopathic Treatments For Interstitial Lung Diseases-
The most common treatments are as follows:
Beryllium: This can be the remedy for formation of nodules or granulomas that usually form in the lungs, in other body organs or systems. This particular medicine has been very useful in the treatment of sarcoma. This can be provided to individuals who have difficulty in breathing and enormous pain in the lungs, have dry coughs etc.
Silica: In case of characteristic scarring and thickening of the inner lung layers, this medicine can be prescribed. This remedy helps enormously in relieving cold, sharp lung pains, coughing with very thick phlegm and haemorrhaging capillaries.
These are the most common medications; however there are numerous others that can help relieve lung disorders.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!