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Interstitial Lung Disease Tips

Know About Interstitial Lung disease!

Dr. Hemant Kalra 87% (369 ratings)
MBBS, MD -Pulmonary Medicine-Tuberculosis ,Respiratory Disease Medicine , Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD), European Diploma in Respiratory Medicine
Pulmonologist, Delhi

Interstitial lung disease is a general category that includes many different lung conditions. All interstitial lung diseases affect the interstitium, a part of the lungs' anatomic structure. The most common symptom of all forms of interstitial lung disease is shortness of breath. Nearly all people with interstitial lung disease will experience breathlessness, which may get worse over time.

Other symptoms of interstitial lung disease include:

1) cough, which is usually dry and nonproductive.

2) weight loss, most often in people with cop or boop.

2 people found this helpful

Pulmonary Function Testing (PFT) : Underused Diagnostic Tool?

Dr. Amit Jauhari 92% (542 ratings)
MD (Physician), MD (Pulmonology)
Pulmonologist, Bareilly
Pulmonary Function Testing (PFT) : Underused Diagnostic Tool?

Pulmonary function test (PFT) is a diagnostic evaluation of the Lungs with a primary purpose of Diagnosing the Lung diseases and it's stage, to rationally treat the pulmonary impairment.

Pulmonary function testing has diagnostic and therapeutic roles and helps clinicians answer some general questions about patients with lung disease.

PFTs should be performed & interpreted by a Pulmonologist.

Pulmonary function testing is a diagnostic and management tool used for a variety of reasons, such as:

  • Chronic shortness of breath
  • Asthma
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Interstitial lung disease (ILD)
  • Preoperative testing
  • Impairment or disability
  • Also as a tool to monitor the course of Disease (ASTHMA, COPD, ILD) and Individualise treatment plans, including Rehablitation.

Why is it necessary?

Just imagine not knowing Blood Glucose (Sugar) levels while treating a Diabetic patient, similarly Chest disease patients need Pulmonary Function Testing.

Which helps in:

  • Differentiating between Asthma, COPD etc.
  • Correctly Assigning the Stage of Asthma, COPD
  • Choosing the Rationale & Cost effective treatment.
  • Answering the most important question asked by patient, " Doctor I feel better than before, What should be my future medication course?

Frequency of Pulmonary Function Testing:

In most cases, at time of diagnosis and after that yearly (for comparisons with old reports).

Who should conduct PFT & Interpret the report:

Pulmonologist should perform 7 interpret all results of PFT Tests.

Why is PFT underused?

PFT is a speciality test, even today all medical centers treating Chest patients don't have this facility, hence most patients have not heard about it.

Is it a safe test?

Yes, patient has to only follow intructions to breathe in & out.

Will it be beneficial to all respiratory patients?

No, like all tests, PFT is a specific diagnostic tool with limitations.

Please consult your Chest Specialist before getting PFT Testing.

2 people found this helpful

Interstitial Lung Disease - Understanding Its Types!

Dr. Mool Chand Gupta 91% (35709 ratings)
MD - Pulmonary, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Interstitial Lung Disease - Understanding Its Types!

When you suffer from dry, chronic cough along with shortness of breath, it is normal to get worried and annoyed. You will want to know the cause and the cure. Note that it might be due to a condition called the interstitial lung disease.

Including almost more than 200 different lung conditions, interstitial lung disease refers to the inflammation and scarring caused in the lungs, which leads to less oxygen entering the blood. Mainly affecting the interstitial part of the anatomic structure of the lungs, which is responsible for the oxygen flow into the blood, interstitial lung disease can damage other parts of the lungs too, such as the lung lining, the airways or the blood vessels. The following is a brief account of the types, causes, symptoms, and treatment of ILD.

Types
Interstitial lung disease can be of various kinds, though all of them leads to the thickening of the lung’s interstitial part. Some of the types of ILD are

  1. Nonspecific interstitial pneumonitis
  2. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
  3. Acute interstitial pneumonitis
  4.  Hypersensitivity pneumonitis
  5. Asbestosis
  6. Sarcoidosis
  7. Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia or COP, etc.

While some of the ILD types are short lived, some are irreversible and chronic.

The primary causes of interstitial lung disease are viruses, fungi, and bacteria. Regular exposure to inhalable irritants such as talc, silica dust, asbestos, coal dust or any other kind of metal dust, bird proteins of pigeons, chickens or any exotic birds, grain dust, etc. can also cause interstitial lung disease. Though rare, sometimes it is the intake of particular drugs that may cause ILD. For the majority of interstitial lung diseases, the exact cause is not always known.

Both men and women of any age can develop this disease, and it is more common in people with rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, scleroderma, and autoimmune disease. Some of the primary symptoms and signs of interstitial lung disease are nonproductive dry cough, shortness of breath, and considerable weight loss. While for some types of ILDs the symptoms develop slowly and gradually over months, for others, such as the acute interstitial pneumonitis or interstitial pneumonia, the symptoms develop more rapidly, within days or a few hours.

For identifying the presence of ILD, doctors usually rely upon chest X-ray, CT scan or computed tomography, pulmonary function testing, high-resolution CT scan, and lung biopsy. In case no apparent cause behind the disease is found from the tests, a patient's history of being exposed to certain chemical environments is then taken into consideration.

Depending on the type and severity of the disease the treatment options vary from one to another. While for some taking prescribed drugs can offer a solution to prevent the lungs from deteriorating further, for some a complete lung transplant may become the only solution. Treatments like pulmonary rehabilitation and oxygen therapy can also be ideal, based on the condition of the lungs.

Thus, if one is constantly exposed to lung irritants and experiences the symptoms of interstitial lung disease for more than eight weeks, he/she must seek the advice of a pulmonologist without delay as the condition may lead to severe complications when left untreated.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3985 people found this helpful

Lung Capacity - 3 Ways To Improve It!

Dr. Nikhil Modi 92% (216 ratings)
MD, MBBS
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Lung Capacity - 3 Ways To Improve It!

Lung capacity (or total lung capacity) refers to the total volume of air contained in the lungs after one complete inhalation and is a direct summation of your respiratory capacity and residual capacity (the amount you inhale and the amount your lungs can keep). A diminished lung capacity can stem from a number of conditions such as asthma, emphysema, lung cancer, or from bad habits such as excessive smokingThis, however, can be combated by a number of means.

1. Breathing exercises:

  • Deep breathing: Research has shown, that taking long deep breaths, which basically encompasses inhaling for as long as possible and holding your breath for about 15-20 seconds can work wonders in increasing lung capacity if it can be carried out several times a day.
  • Splashing water on your face: Splashing water on your face while holding breath lowers the heart rate, and prepares the body in the same way as if you were about to go swimming. This will automatically increase your lung's capacity to hold air.
  • Try meditation: Closing your eyes and meditating for long periods may also prove to be beneficial. The lesser the amount of energy that you expend, the more air the lungs can hold.

2. Physical exercises:

  • Engage in rigorous cardiovascular activities: Increased cardiovascular exercising, including aerobics, running, cycling is very useful, as it pushes your body to exhaustion, thus forcing your lungs to work harder - in turn, increasing its capacity.
  • Increase water-based exercises: Swimming or exercising in water is very beneficial for the body as it adds an element of resistance to your training regime and overworks your lungs to supply enough oxygen, making them work better.
  • Try exercising at higher elevations: This often works as a foolproof way of increasing lung capacity. Higher altitudes have lower oxygen supply. Thus, overworking your lungs by engaging in intense workouts can be very beneficial for your lungs.

3. Long-term training exercises:

  • Increase your resistance: Breathe in high quantities of air, and take time before releasing it completely and do it very slowly. This forces your lungs to hold air longer, thus stretching them out.
  • Overwork your brain: Try to breathe in extra - more than what you normally do. This forces your brain to work overtime to make sure that the lungs have the capacity to take in that excess air. This will greatly increase lung capacity in the long run. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Pulmonologist.
3185 people found this helpful

Homeopathic Treatment For Interstitial Lung Disease

Dr. Prabha Acharya 88% (106 ratings)
PGDM In Cosmetology, Trichology & Weight Managmen, MD, BHMS
Homeopath, Mumbai
Homeopathic Treatment For Interstitial Lung Disease

Interstitial lung disease is an umbrella term for numerous lung diseases that are caused due to scarring or inflammation of lungs. Because of the inflammation, it becomes hard for the body to get enough oxygen. Pulmonary fibrosis is the term for scarring of the lungs.

It refers to a variety of progressive conditions and disorders that result in inflammation and heavy scarring of the lung tissue. Because scarring of the sensitive lung tissue causes hardening and inflexibility of the lungs, the lungs are unable to expand to their normal size. This irreversible condition greatly reduces breathing capacity and prevents life saving oxygen from properly traveling through the bloodstream.

While most cases of interstitial lung disease occur at a gradual progression, other cases appear more rapidly and their causes are unknown. Treatment options sometimes vary and while prescription medicines can slow the progression of interstitial lung disease, it is often not enough to help a patient recover full breathing capacity.

Symptoms-

The major symptoms of interstitial lung diseases include:

  1. Shortness of breath which increases due to exertion

  2. Dry coughing

Types of Interstitial Lung Disease-

Any sort of interstitial lung disease causes thickening of the interstitium which may be due to extra fluids, inflammation or scarring. Some types may be short lived; however, some could be chronic and really painful.

Some of the kinds are discussed below:

  1. Interstitial Pneumonia: This is caused due to infection in the interstitium of the lungs by bacteria, fungi or viruses. The most common cause being a bacteria named Mycoplasma pneumonia.

  2. Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: Although the cause is unknown, this is a chronic form of scarring of the interstitium.

  3. Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis: This lung problem is caused due to excessive inhalation of dust, mold or other sort of irritants.

  4. Non-specific Interstitial Pneumonitis: These are the kinds of lung problems, which are presented with autoimmune conditions such as scleroderma or rheumatoid arthritis.

  5. Acute Interstitial Pneumonitis: This is a sudden and intense lung disease which usually requires life support.

  6. Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia: This is a kind of interstitial lung disease but without the presence of any infection.

  7. Desquamative Interstitial Pneumonitis: This is partially caused due to smoking.

  8. Asbestosis: As the name suggests, this is caused due to prolonged exposure to asbestos.

  9. Sarcoidosis: In this condition, lymph nodes are swollen along with lung disorders. Often heart, eye, skin and nerve involvement also occurs.

Homeopathic Treatments For Interstitial Lung Diseases-

The most common treatments are as follows:

  1. Beryllium: This can be the remedy for formation of nodules or granulomas that usually form in the lungs, in other body organs or systems. This particular medicine has been very useful in the treatment of sarcoma. This can be provided to individuals who have difficulty in breathing and enormous pain in the lungs, have dry coughs etc.

  2. Silica: In case of characteristic scarring and thickening of the inner lung layers, this medicine can be prescribed. This remedy helps enormously in relieving cold, sharp lung pains, coughing with very thick phlegm and haemorrhaging capillaries.

These are the most common medications; however there are numerous others that can help relieve lung disorders.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5207 people found this helpful
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