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Pelvic inflammatory disease

Gautam Clinic Pvt Ltd 91% (7785 ratings)
Sexologist Clinic
Sexologist, Faridabad
Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection and inflammation of a woman's pelvic organs including the uterus (womb), Fallopian tubes (tubes), ovaries, and cervix.
  • PID is very common and is estimated to affect around 1 million women every year in the US.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease usually develops as the result of spread of a sexually-transmitted disease (STD).
  • Most cases of pelvic inflammatory disease are caused by gonorrhea and/or Chlamydia, although several different types of bacteria can be responsible.
  • Young, sexually active women with multiple sex partners are at greatest risk for pelvic inflammatory disease. Douching and a history of PID are other risk factors.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease many not produce any symptoms or signs (referred to as being asymptomatic). In other cases it can cause

  • The treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease involves antibiotics directed against the organisms responsible for the disease.
  • Complications of untreated pelvic inflammatory disease can include scarring of the pelvic organs and infertility.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease can be life-threatening in severe cases.

 

All About Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Dr. Pradeep P Gohel 89% (129 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Ahmedabad
All About Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is a common infection in the female reproductive organs like the ovaries, the uterus and the fallopian tubes and also the inside of the pelvis. If left untreated for a long time, PID can lead to severe problems like pregnancy complications, infertility and cancer

  • Cause: Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) like chlamydia and gonorrhea produce vaginal bacteria which travel to the interior organs and cause PID. Having unprotected sexual contact with someone who has an STD is the most common cause of PID. Moreover, medical processes like abortion, miscarriage, childbirth, insertion of contraceptive devices can also lead to bacterial infection. Having sex with a number of people, or having sex before the age of 20, or having had an STD in the past, also increase the chances of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. 
  • Symptoms: The disease may show only minor symptoms or it may not show any symptom at all. When it does, the common symptoms are pelvic pain, discomfort while urinating or having intercourse, difficulties with menstruation and unusual fluid discharge from the vagina. 
  • Associated symptoms: High fever, nausea, vomiting, indigestion, exhaustion, shivering and fainting. 
  • Diagnosis: A pelvic examination is conducted to check for abnormal bleeding from the cervix (the opening of the uterus), fluid discharge or severe pain in the uterus, fallopian tubes or in the ovaries. Swabs taken from the cervix and the vagina are tested for STDs or other possible bacterial infections that may cause PID. An ultrasound or a Computerized Tomography (CT) scan is conducted to make sure that the symptoms are not being caused by other disorders like appendicitis or other kinds of infection in the reproductive organs. A pregnancy test is also done to take the necessary precautions to protect the fetus from the adverse effects of the infection. 
  • Treatment: The treatment procedures of PID vary depending on the type of bacteria that caused the infection in the specific case. Antibiotic medication is used to treat the condition. In case of severe complications, the patient has to be hospitalized.
4676 people found this helpful

Can STDs Be The Reason Behind Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?

Dr. Shilpa Dhameja 91% (381 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma In Gynaecology & Obstetrics, DNB - Obstetrics & Gynecology, Felloship In Minimal Access & Surgery
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Can STDs Be The Reason Behind Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, also known as PID, is characterized by an infection that occurs in a lady's reproductive organs. Usually this occurs as a result of a complications arising from a STD. The disease causes severe damage to the ovaries, fallopian tubes and the uterus. It is one of the bigger causes of infertility in women

Causes-

The cervix which is the entry to the uterus has the function of stopping bacteria that are present in the vagina from spreading to the other organs. Once infected by a STD, the cervix can no longer perform its function of preventing the bacteria from spreading to other organs. PID develops when the infection spreads from the cervix to the upper areas of the genital tract. 

There are certain factors which increase the chances of being affected by PID: 

  1. Being sexually active 
  2. Already affected by STDs such as gonorrhea 
  3. Past history of PID 
  4. Having multiple sexual partners 

Symptoms-

Women may experience pain while urinating and engaging in sexual intercourse, coupled with sore feeling in the stomach along with nausea. Abnormal vaginal discharge and a rise in body temperature are common symptoms as well. 

Treatment-
Once the disease has been diagnosed by a doctor, a treatment plan is devised. The treatment options that you can avail of are: 

  1. Medications: If the symptoms are mild, then the doctor will prescribe antibiotic medications. Usually the antibiotics are administered by mouth unless the symptoms are severe, when the drugs are administered intravenously. Your partner would also require medications if you happen to be diagnosed with PID, so that he/she does not catch it. 
  2. Surgery: Surgery is recommended by the doctor in case of tissue inflammation and the presence of pus (abscess). The aim of surgery is to get rid of the abscess to prevent any further infection. 

In addition to the treatment methods, there are certain precautionary measures that you can adopt to be safe: 

  1. Have protected sex.
  2. Try and stick to one sexual partner.
  3. Visit your gynecologist for regular checkups.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2355 people found this helpful

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - What Causes It?

Dr. Abhishek Daga 86% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Kolkata
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - What Causes It?

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, also known as PID, is characterized by an infection that occurs in a lady's reproductive organs. Usually this occurs as a result of a complications arising from a STD. The disease causes severe damage to the ovaries, fallopian tubes and the uterus. It is one of the bigger causes of infertility in women

Causes-

The cervix which is the entry to the uterus has the function of stopping bacteria that are present in the vagina from spreading to the other organs. Once infected by a STD, the cervix can no longer perform its function of preventing the bacteria from spreading to other organs. PID develops when the infection spreads from the cervix to the upper areas of the genital tract. 

There are certain factors which increase the chances of being affected by PID: 

  1. Being sexually active 
  2. Already affected by STDs such as gonorrhea 
  3. Past history of PID 
  4. Having multiple sexual partners 

Symptoms-

Women may experience pain while urinating and engaging in sexual intercourse, coupled with sore feeling in the stomach along with nausea. Abnormal vaginal discharge and a rise in body temperature are common symptoms as well. 

Treatment-
Once the disease has been diagnosed by a doctor, a treatment plan is devised. The treatment options that you can avail of are: 

  1. Medications: If the symptoms are mild, then the doctor will prescribe antibiotic medications. Usually the antibiotics are administered by mouth unless the symptoms are severe, when the drugs are administered intravenously. Your partner would also require medications if you happen to be diagnosed with PID, so that he/she does not catch it. 
  2. Surgery: Surgery is recommended by the doctor in case of tissue inflammation and the presence of pus (abscess). The aim of surgery is to get rid of the abscess to prevent any further infection. 

In addition to the treatment methods, there are certain precautionary measures that you can adopt to be safe: 

  1. Have protected sex.
  2. Try and stick to one sexual partner.
  3. Visit your gynecologist for regular checkups.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4392 people found this helpful

Can Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Prove to be Fatal?

Dr. Rakhi Gupta 88% (73 ratings)
FICOG, FICMCH, FIMSA, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Can Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Prove to be Fatal?

Pelvic Inflammatory disease (PID) is a bacterial infection that affects a woman’s reproductive organs. This disease is not contagious though men can host and transmit the bacteria that triggered the disease through intercourse. Chlamydia (know more about Chlamydia disease) and gonorrhea are the two most common causes of this disease. Apart from being transmitted sexually, this disease can also develop through the insertion of an unsterilized contraception device into the vagina or during a gynecological procedure such as an abortion. In rare cases, normal bacteria from the vagina can also spread into the uterus and fallopian tubes triggering this disease.

PID can be fatal and should not be ignored. Lower abdominal pain is the primary symptom of this disease. This pain can vary from being mild to be seriously debilitating. Other symptoms of this condition are:

  1. Abnormal or foul vaginal discharge.

  2. Painful intercourse that may be accompanied by bleeding.

  3. Irregular periods.

  4. Spotting between periods.

  5. Severe menstrual cramps.

  6. Burning sensation while urinating.

  7. Urge to frequently urinate and an inability to empty the bladder.

  8. Swollen abdomen.

  9. High fever alternating with chills.

  10. Swollen lymph nodes.

  11. Diminished appetite with nausea.

  12. Weakness and depression.

  13. Lowered libido.

PID can often produce a pus-like fluid that scars the reproductive organs. This can result in infertility. This risk is influenced by the duration and severity of the infection along with the number of times it recurs. Women suffering from pelvic inflammatory disease are also at a higher risk of having a tubal pregnancy. This type of pregnancy is fatal for the baby and also threatens the life of the mother.

In cases where the disease is triggered by an STD like gonorrhea or Chlamydia, it can also spread to the liver tissues. This is a complication known as the Fitz Hugh Curtis syndrome and causes a collection of pus in the form of an abscess in the fallopian tubes or ovaries. If this abscess ruptures, the pus would spread into the pelvic cavity causing severe pain, nausea and a fall in blood pressure. If it spreads further into the blood stream, it can be fatal.

Diagnosis of this disease is difficult as its symptoms are usually mild and common to a number of other conditions. However, once diagnosed, it can be easily treated through antibiotic medication. Surgery is required only in cases where there is no response to antibiotics or if an abscess bursts or is at a stage where it may. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a and ask a free question.

3854 people found this helpful

Inflammatory Bowel Disease - Know the Types!

Dr. Prakhar Singh 92% (730 ratings)
MBBS, Basic Life Support (B.L.S), Advanced Cardiac Life Support, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE)
General Physician, Bangalore
Inflammatory Bowel Disease - Know the Types!

It is important for you to know about inflammatory bowel disease or IBD, it is a group of intestinal disorders, which leads to prolonged inflammation of your digestive tract. The digestive tract is made of the mouth, stomach, oesophagus, small intestine and large intestine. It performs the task of breaking down food, removing unusable materials and waste products, and for breaking down nutrients from food. Inflammation along with the digestive tract causes disruption in this process. IBD is a fatal condition which can be life threatening in some cases.

Major types of inflammatory bowel disease
The term inflammatory bowel disease is an umbrella term under which many diseases are included. The two major and most common diseases under IBD are ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. Crohn’s disease (a chronic inflammatory disease of the intestines, especially the colon and ileum, associated with ulcers and fistulae) can lead to inflammation in any part of your digestive tract. It commonly affects the small intestine’s tail end. In case of ulcerative colitis, inflammation takes place in the large intestine.

Causes of IBD
Although the exact cause of IBD is not known, several factors may lead to this condition. They are as follows:

  1. Genetics: You are more likely to develop IBD if someone in your family has the disease. This is because of the genetic component of IBD.
  2. The immune system: The body’s immune system plays a role in IBD. Usually, your immune system defends your body from pathogens. A bacterial or viral infection in the digestive tract may lead to an immune response. The digestive tract becomes inflamed as the body fights against the bacteria or viruses. The inflammation goes away when the infection is gone.

However, in the case of IBD, the digestive tract inflammation may occur without any infection. Your immune system attacks your body’s cells. This is called an autoimmune response. IBD can also occur when the infection is cured, but the inflammation remains.

Symptoms
The various symptoms of IBD depend on the severity and location of the inflammation. They are as follows:

  1. Diarrhoea which occurs when the bowel cannot reabsorb water.
  2. Bleeding ulcers which cause blood to show up in your stool.
  3. Stomach pain, bloating and cramping because of bowel obstruction.
  4. Weight loss and anaemia, which leads to delayed development and growth in children.
  5. In patients with Crohn’s disease, canker sores may develop in the mouth.
  6. Ulcers and fissures may appear on the anus or genital area.
  7. IBD may also be associated with problems such as eye inflammation, arthritis and skin disorders.

The major complications which may arise from IBD include colon cancer, malnutrition with weight loss, fistulas, intestinal rapture and bowel obstruction. It is important for you to consult a doctor on noticing any of the IBD symptoms.

3673 people found this helpful

Could you be at a risk of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)?

Diploma in Laparoscopic Surgery, DGO, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Could you be at a risk of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)?

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) refers to the infection that occurs in the female reproductive organs. It happens when sexually transmitted bacteria infect the uterus, ovaries or fallopian tubes on spreading from the vagina. Generally, the cervix plays the role of preventing the bacteria from entering the vagina and infecting the reproductive organs. But when the cervix becomes exposed to an STD, it loses its power to put a stop to the spread of these microorganisms to the reproductive organs.

What causes this condition?
STDs like gonorrhea and chlamydia have been found to be responsible for about 90% of PID cases.

Some of the other causes include

The condition is only detected later in life when you face difficulty in getting pregnant or have chronic pelvic pain complaints. If you experience symptoms like vomiting, high fever, pain in the lower abdomen and instances of fainting, you should immediately seek a doctor.

What puts you at risk for PID?
Certain factors may put you at a higher risk for PID and these are:

  • Instances of sexually transmitted diseases like Chlamydia (an STD that can occur from anal, oral or vaginal sex) and gonorrhea (a condition that causes discharge from the vagina or urethra) can make you prone to developing PID.
  • Douching on a regular basis can increase your risk of PID as it disrupts the equilibrium of good and bad bacteria in your vagina, and may hide the symptoms of the condition as well.
  • Even a previous history of PID can increase your chances of having another episode of PID.
  • Compared to older women, teenagers who are sexually active are more prone to developing PID.
  • Having multiple sexual partners can also put you at a greater risk for PID and STDs.

'Consult'

Related Tip: 5 Things That Make PCOD More Likely And Ways to Manage it!

3505 people found this helpful

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - What Can Be The Reason Behind?

Dr. Nita Thakre 90% (30 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Ahmedabad
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - What Can Be The Reason Behind?

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, also known as PID, is characterized by an infection that occurs in a lady's reproductive organs. Usually this occurs as a result of a complications arising from a STD. The disease causes severe damage to the ovaries, fallopian tubes and the uterus. It is one of the bigger causes of infertility in women

Causes-

The cervix which is the entry to the uterus has the function of stopping bacteria that are present in the vagina from spreading to the other organs. Once infected by a STD, the cervix can no longer perform its function of preventing the bacteria from spreading to other organs. PID develops when the infection spreads from the cervix to the upper areas of the genital tract. 

There are certain factors which increase the chances of being affected by PID: 

  1. Being sexually active 
  2. Already affected by STDs such as gonorrhea 
  3. Past history of PID 
  4. Having multiple sexual partners 

Symptoms-

Women may experience pain while urinating and engaging in sexual intercourse, coupled with sore feeling in the stomach along with nausea. Abnormal vaginal discharge and a rise in body temperature are common symptoms as well. 

Treatment-
Once the disease has been diagnosed by a doctor, a treatment plan is devised. The treatment options that you can avail of are: 

  1. Medications: If the symptoms are mild, then the doctor will prescribe antibiotic medications. Usually the antibiotics are administered by mouth unless the symptoms are severe, when the drugs are administered intravenously. Your partner would also require medications if you happen to be diagnosed with PID, so that he/she does not catch it. 
  2. Surgery: Surgery is recommended by the doctor in case of tissue inflammation and the presence of pus (abscess). The aim of surgery is to get rid of the abscess to prevent any further infection. 

In addition to the treatment methods, there are certain precautionary measures that you can adopt to be safe: 

  1. Have protected sex.
  2. Try and stick to one sexual partner.
  3. Visit your gynecologist for regular checkups.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2554 people found this helpful

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - A Serious Bacterial STD!!

Dr. Veena Vidyasagar 96% (562 ratings)
Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - A Serious Bacterial STD!!

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, also known as PID, is characterized by an infection that occurs in woman's reproductive organs. Usually, this occurs as a result of complications arising from STD. The disease causes severe damage to the ovaries, fallopian tubes and the uterus. It is one of the major causes of infertility in women

Mode of infection- The cervix (the lower part of uterus), which is the entry to the body of the uterus has the function of stopping bacteria that are present in the vagina from spreading to other organs. Once infected by STD, the cervix can no longer perform its function effectively of preventing bacteria from spreading to other organs. PID develops when the infection spreads from cervix to the upper areas of the genital tract. 

There are certain factors which increase chances of being affected by PID: 

  • Being sexually active 
  • Already affected by one 
  • Past history of PID 
  • Having multiple sexual partners 

Symptoms- Women may experience pain while urinating and engaging in sexual intercourse, coupled with sore feeling in the stomach along with nausea. Abnormal vaginal discharge and a rise in body temperature are other symptoms. 

Treatment- Once the disease has been diagnosed by a doctor, a treatment plan is devised. The treatment options that you can avail of are: 

  1. Medications: If the symptoms are mild, then the doctor will prescribe antibiotic medications. Usually, the antibiotics are administered by mouth unless the symptoms are severe, when the drugs are administered by injection. Your partner may also require medications sometimes if you happen to be diagnosed with PID. 
  2. Surgery: Surgery may have to be recommended by the doctor in case of severe tissue inflammation and the presence of pus (abscess). The aim of surgery is to get rid of the abscess. 

In addition to the treatment methods, there are certain precautionary measures that one can adopt to be safe: 

  1. Have protected sex. 
  2. Try and stick to one sexual partner. 
  3. Visit your gynecologist for regular checkups.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2346 people found this helpful

Inflammatory Bowel Disease - 7 Symptoms You Must Know!

Dr. Ramneek Varma 89% (353 ratings)
MD-Internal Medicine , MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
Inflammatory Bowel Disease - 7 Symptoms You Must Know!

It is important for you to know about inflammatory bowel disease or IBD, it is a group of intestinal disorders, which leads to prolonged inflammation of your digestive tract. The digestive tract is made of the mouth, stomach, oesophagus, small intestine and large intestine. It performs the task of breaking down food, removing unusable materials and waste products, and for breaking down nutrients from food. Inflammation along with the digestive tract causes disruption in this process. IBD is a fatal condition which can be life threatening in some cases.

Major types of inflammatory bowel disease
The term inflammatory bowel disease is an umbrella term under which many diseases are included. The two major and most common diseases under IBD are ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. Crohn’s disease (a chronic inflammatory disease of the intestines, especially the colon and ileum, associated with ulcers and fistulae) can lead to inflammation in any part of your digestive tract. It commonly affects the small intestine’s tail end. In case of ulcerative colitis, inflammation takes place in the large intestine.

Causes of IBD
Although the exact cause of IBD is not known, several factors may lead to this condition. They are as follows:

  1. Genetics: You are more likely to develop IBD if someone in your family has the disease. This is because of the genetic component of IBD.
  2. The immune system: The body’s immune system plays a role in IBD. Usually, your immune system defends your body from pathogens. A bacterial or viral infection in the digestive tract may lead to an immune response. The digestive tract becomes inflamed as the body fights against the bacteria or viruses. The inflammation goes away when the infection is gone.

However, in the case of IBD, the digestive tract inflammation may occur without any infection. Your immune system attacks your body’s cells. This is called an autoimmune response. IBD can also occur when the infection is cured, but the inflammation remains.

Symptoms
The various symptoms of IBD depend on the severity and location of the inflammation. They are as follows:

  1. Diarrhoea which occurs when the bowel cannot reabsorb water.
  2. Bleeding ulcers which cause blood to show up in your stool.
  3. Stomach pain, bloating and cramping because of bowel obstruction.
  4. Weight loss and anaemia, which leads to delayed development and growth in children.
  5. In patients with Crohn’s disease, canker sores may develop in the mouth.
  6. Ulcers and fissures may appear on the anus or genital area.
  7. IBD may also be associated with problems such as eye inflammation, arthritis and skin disorders.

The major complications which may arise from IBD include colon cancer, malnutrition with weight loss, fistulas, intestinal rapture and bowel obstruction. It is important for you to consult a doctor on noticing any of the IBD symptoms. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3270 people found this helpful