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Diet Chart For Infant

About

Infant Diet

Infant and Newborn Nutrition is the description of the dietary needs of newborns and infants. Food provides the energy and nutrients that infants need to be healthy. An adequate intake in nutrient rich food is good nutrition. An infant diet lacking essential calories, minerals, fluid and vitamins could be considered 'bad' nutrition. For a baby, breast milk is "best". It has all the necessary vitamins and minerals. Infant formulas are available for babies whose mothers are not able or decide not to breastfeed. Infants usually start eating solid foods between 4 and 6 months of age. Clinicians can be consulted to determine what is best for each baby. If a food introduced one at a time, a potential allergen can be identified. Breastfeeding can prevent allergic, atopic dermatitis, cow's milk allergy, and wheezing in early childhood. Breastfed babies have lower risks of asthma. Some foods tend to illicit allergies in young children. These include eggs, honey, peanuts (including peanut butter), other tree nuts.

When water is added to dry formula, it must come from a clean and safe water source. Watered down formula will lowers the levels of calories, vitamins and minerals the infant will ingest during each feeding. Inadequate intake of nutrients can slow the development and growth of the baby. Manufacturers include instructions on the container for safe mixing of formula. Assistance from governmental and non-governmental agencies may be available to caregivers having difficulties buying formula. Testing the temperature of the formulas will help prevent scalding the baby's mouth.

Diet Chart

Days
Breakfast
(8:00-8:30AM)
Mid-Meal
(11:00-11:30AM)
Lunch
(2:00-2:30PM)
Evening
(4:00-4:30PM)
Dinner
(8:00-8:30PM)
Sunday
stewed apple + 1 tsp honey (if not allergic)
bloiled and mashed egg yolk
dal soup
custard with mashed blueberries
mashed potato and curd
Monday
mashed banana + 1 tsp honey (if not allergic)
ragi porridge
suji kheer
vegetable clear soup
rice kheer
Tuesday
mashed sweet potato
custard
rice water
mashed vegetables with cheese
stewed apple
Wednesday
rice kheer
stewed apple
vegetable stalk
almond milk
mashed potato
Thursday
carrot puree
plain home made curd
chana mashed with vegetables
vegetable clear soup
pureed khichdi
Friday
mashed avocado
custard with mashed banana
oats banana porridge
pumkin and carrot mashed
dal soup
Saturday
mashed potato
boiled apple with ragi porridge
pureed khichdi
banana and yogurt mashed
carrot puree

Food items to limit

Do's and Dont's

Do's:

  1. Include whole grain cereals and pulses.
  2. Include fruits and vegetables.
  3. Include toned dairy products.
  4. Consume good amount of micro nutrients like vitamins, minerals, anti-oxidants which protect against cardiac diseases.
  5. Do go for a walk everyday.

Don'ts:

  1. Avoid refined and simple carbohydrates.
  2. Avoid oily foods, sugary foods, pickles, smoked/fried food/meat products.
  3. Avoid caffeinated and alcoholic beverages.
  4. Limit the consumption of spicy & salty foods.

Food items you can easily consume

6 months:

  1. Ground, cooked, single-grain cereal or infant cereal with breast milk or formula.
  2. Mashed banana, avocado or cooked beans.
  3. Cooked and pureed carrots, peas or sweet potato.
  4. Cooked and pureed meat or poultry.
  5. Peanut butter pureed with water.

    9 months:

    1. Sliced and quartered bananas or small pieces of other soft fruits.
    2. A variety of cooked vegetables cut into small pieces, such as squash and green beans.
    3. Whole cooked beans.
    4. Well-cooked, minced or finely chopped meat, poultry or fish.

      12 months:

      1. Small pieces of fruit.
      2. Small pieces of cooked vegetables.
      3. Soft, shredded meat, poultry or fish.
      4. Mixed food dishes the family is eating in appropriately sized pieces.

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 25 year old woman, my infant is 7 month old. I had a cesarean delivery. I breastfeed my son. I want to increase my weight what should I do? I am underweight. I tried to gain weight but I can not please help.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, PG - Graduate Diploma In Health Sciences In Diabetology, MD - Bio-Chemistry
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Chennai
I am 25 year old woman, my infant is 7 month old. I had a cesarean delivery. I breastfeed my son. I want to increase ...
Hi Eat a balanced diet rich in micronutrients. Make sure you eat enough lentils, beans,nuts every day Eat animal protein in moderation if you are a nonvegetarian. Eat 1 whole egg every day.

What are the effective methods to remove cold of an infant of one month. Will ayurvedic or allopathic treatment be very effective?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine & Surgery (BAMS), PG Dip Panchakarma, PG Dip Ksharsutra For Piles, Pilonidal, Sinus & Fistula Management, Post Graduate Diploma In Hospital Administration (PGDHA), Certificate In Diabetes Update
Ayurveda, Navi Mumbai
What are the effective methods to remove cold of an infant of one month. Will ayurvedic or allopathic treatment be ve...
Great I really appreciate your q, usually we ayurveda healer always offers diet management (up to the baby gets 6 months) to mom's till their baby on breast feed. In your case monsoon n humidity may be culprit (disturbed sleep n food pattern of mom also matters) so till you consult ayurveda Dr. In your city fumigate home at least twice with haldi and ajwayan so that everybody gets sneezing yeah your kid too. Just share your best half to spare (lengthen) 1/2-1 hr when she gets hungry n kid too or have pinch sunthi powder added to her milk or skip milk. Feel free to communicate. In person examination is added value for both kid n mom.
1 person found this helpful

Hi. I have a 17 days infant, my milk is not sufficient to give him. I am giving lactogen also in between my milk in day and night. Is it OK to give like that to my baby?

MBBS, FELLOWSHIP IN PAEDIATRICS
Pediatrician, Ghaziabad
Hi. I have a 17 days infant, my milk is not sufficient to give him. I am giving lactogen also in between my milk in d...
Yes its ok. But answer my question that how and why do you know that your breast milk is not enough? If your baby is passing urine adequately i.e if you are changing diapers 6-8 times (8-10 times in case of cotton nappies) then your breast milk is sufficient for your baby. Concentrate on taking high protein diet for good milk output.
1 person found this helpful

5 months infant is attacked from cold for 3 days, how to cure? Which syrup is suitable to the infant?

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
5 months infant is attacked from cold for 3 days, how to cure? Which syrup is suitable to the infant?
You have to take care of feeding by not bottle feeding and if you give semisolids, give water slo in between. There are colic medicines.

I want to ask one question about my son he is 10 month's Old now. Is gripe water is good for infants as I heard in facebook that gripe water is not good for child health. And also please assist Me the good syrup so that my son stomach get cleared digested as he is not doing potty for 2-3 days.

P.G.Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Bhopal
I want to ask one question about my son he is 10 month's Old now. Is gripe water is good for infants as I heard in fa...
Don't give him blended meals. Include roughage in his diet. Give him whole grains like veg daliya, fresh fruits, veggies, curd & buttermilk enhances good bacterias in the body & accelerate digestion.
1 person found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Infant Colic And Treating With Homeopathy

BHMS, Diploma in Yoga Naturopathy
Homeopath, Thane
Infant Colic And Treating With Homeopathy

Infantile colic and often indicated homeopathic remedies. It’s also referred as crying baby syndrome.

For anyone with a baby suffering from this problem, it’s a reality that causes significant distress to the infant as well as parents, carers and siblings. A specific cause is as yet unknown and the symptoms involve excessive crying for more than three hours per day for more than three days per week in an infant who is otherwise (clinically) well and thriving. The infant may also have abdominal distension, flatus, borborygmus, a flushed face, clenched fists, may draw their knees up or arch their back, as if in pain. Colic may develop in the early weeks of life, peaking at around 2-8 weeks of age and ceasing by around 12 to 16 weeks but may, in rarer cases, persist for up to 12 months.

The symptoms may occur at any time but more typically arise in the late afternoon or evening. While fewer than 5% of colicky infants are found to have an organic disease, it’s important to differentiate colic from other causes of excessive crying such as constipation, infantile migraine, dairy, soy or some other form of allergy (where these may be associated with an aggravation of symptoms), gastro-oesophageal reflux (which may itself be secondary to dairy or soy allergy), or lactose overload / malabsorption (indicated by frothy watery diarrhoea with perianal excoriation). Other causes of persistent crying may include early teething, urinary tract infection, otitis media or raised intracranial pressure. 
There are a number of symptoms that, when combined with excessive crying, indicate the need for timely medical attention- these include a change in bowel habits, an abnormal temperature, persistent abdominal distenstion, an increase in crying frequency or lethargy.

Very few medications, from allopathic medicine have consistently been found to be effective for colic, but found to have serious side effects. In mothers who are breastfeeding, a maternal hypoallergenic diet, avoiding dairy products, eggs, wheat, or nuts, may improve matters. The rapid acting and low-risk features of homeopathic medicines can make them ideal for use with infants suffering from colic, and following are some of the most frequently prescribed.

Colocynthis: This is one of the most commonly used first-aid medicines for colic. Characteristically, the colic will cause the child to bring the knees up to the chest. Child will be irritable easily angered. There may be co-existing gastro-intestinal bloating, green spluttery diarrhoea, vomiting and a coated tongue. 

Chamomilla: Chamomilla is also a common prescription here. The child in this case usually hot, thirsty, has red cheeks and wants to be carried, cries inconsolably and may angrily reject things that are offered. In colic the appearance is typically one of vomiting, an arched back, restlessness, anger, and the infant is often teething at the same time. The stools may be green and smell of rotten eggs and there may be great abdominal distension with small quantities of flatus being passed. 


Nux vomica: Nux is often associated with nervousness, irritability, anger, as well as hypersensitivity to noise and light. In this instance, colic may arise 1 to 2 hours after feeding, and may be accompanied by retching or vomiting, constipation, flatulent distension of the abdomen, hunger, coating at the back of the tongue, or a stuffy nose

Mag phos: The mag phos infant may appear restless, weak and lethargic. There may be muscular spasms or twitching, teething, thirst for cold drinks, belching, constipation, bloating and flatulent colic that causes the child to bend double. 

Dioscorea: In this instance the infant will normally appear to be in severe pain and will exhibit borborygmi. They may be thirstless and have a coated tongue, yellowish diarrhoea and will often belch offensive gas. They will commonly arch their back and may have a history of digestive weakness. 

Pulsatilla: The pulsatilla child is usually sensitive, gentle, weepy and thirstless, despite still wanting the comfort of the breast or bottle, and wants to be held or rocked. They’re frequently seen sleeping with their hands above their heads. Attacks of colic may be aggravated by emotional stress

Bryonia alba: Indicated when symptoms develop slowly, irritability, an abdomen sensitive to touch, dry mucous membranes, a yellowish or brown coated tongue, constipation or the passing of large, dry stools, lethargy and a thirst for large amounts of liquid. Food or drink may be vomited soon after consuming it and the infant usually dislikes being carried or raised.

Carbo vegetabilis: Carbo veg is a common prescription for colic pains associated with bloating, offensive belching, and offensive flatulence. The child may appear weak or listless with a puffy face, the rate of respiration is often increased, the tongue may be coated white or yellowish and the skin may feel cold and have a bluish hue. 

Ignatia: This is often indicated where the mother has unresolved grief. The infant in this case may exhibit hyper-acuity of the senses, may be easily excited, apprehensive, moody, rigid and nervous. 

Lycopodium: The lycopodium infant may appear to be thin, weak, anxious, sensitive and apprehensive. Symptoms are worse in the late afternoon or early evening, and better from motion and after midnight.

Lastly, potency and dosage and medicine depends on age of the baby symptomatology and few other factors. It should be taken only as prescribed by homeopathic practitioner only.

4 people found this helpful

DIARRHOEA in infants

Homeopath,
DIARRHOEA in infants

Infants Topic Diarrhoea

 

When if one frequently passes watery stool that have no lumps in them look out for other symptoms of diarrhoea. These can include vomiting, fever, and sometimes blood or mucus in your baby's stool


 

Newborns pass stool freq, so you may worry that your baby has diarrhoea when in fact one pass stool that are normal for her age.

Also, how often your baby does a stool will depend on whether she's being breast or formula-fed.


 

Here are more signs of normal motion:

  1. The stool of breastfed newborn babies is usually yellowish and on the soft or liquid side. Your baby may fill nappy up to five times daily.

  2. Sometimes a breastfed baby will pass motion during or immediately after each breastfeeding session. This happens because as her stomach fills up, the milk stimulates her entire intestinal tract, prompting a bowel movement.


 

Within a month, most breastfed babies do one or two poos a day.


Causes of diarrhoea?

The most common cause of diarrhoea is a virus called rotavirus

Rotavirus causes an infection of the gut called gastroenteritis. The infection damages the inner lining of your baby's intestine, allowing fluid to leak and food to pass through without any nutrients being absorbed. In some cases, rotavirus can lead to a serious bowel infection and dehydration.


 

A vaccine against rotavirus will be offered as part of your baby's routine immunisations when she is eight weeks and again when she is 12 weeks.


 

Diarrhoea can also be caused by:

  1. Allergies (find out more about milk allergy and intolerance and food allergies)

  2. Antibiotics

  3. Food poisoning

  4. Enzyme deficiencies, although these are rare


 

How should care during baby's diarrhoea?

  1. Make sure that your baby drinks plenty of fluids to help ease her symptoms and prevent dehydration.

  2. If your baby is taking breast or formula feeds best than

  3. You can try your baby with sips of oral rehydration solution (ors) a few times an hour.

  4. An ors helps to replace the fluids and salts your baby loses because of the diarrhoea. Keep giving water and usual breastfeeds

  5. Don’t give her fruit juices, glucose drinks and fizzy drinks. Unabsorbed sugar draws water into the intestine and can make diarrhoea worse

  6. Don’t give your baby anti-diarrhoeal medicine. It must not be given to children under 12 years old, as it could cause serious side-effects

  7. To prevent your baby passing on her diarrhoea to other children, keep her away from childcare or nursery until at least 48 hours after her last diaeroohea


 

Breastfed babies less likely to get diarrhoea?

Yes. Certain elements in breastmilk can inhibit the growth of the germs that cause diarrhoea


 

Should stop giving solid foods in diaerrohea?

  1. No. If your child is six months or older, unless she is vomiting frequently, you can still give her solids.

  2. You could try foods such as bananas, rice, apple puree, and dry toast if your baby has recently started solids.

  3. For an older toddler you could try small amounts of chicken and starchy foods, such as mashed potatoes and pasta.

  4. But don't worry doesn't want to eat. It's more important that drinks to avoid dehydration


 

When should call the doctor?

Diarrhoea can be worrying if it lasts for more than a few hours, but it will usually clear up on its own. If your child has loose, watery stools for more than a couple of days, call your doctor


 

The biggest concern with diarrhoea is fluid loss, so don't delay in showing your pedatiaric if your baby shows these signs:

  1. Dry skin or lips

  2. Listlessness

  3. Tearless crying

  4. A sunken fontanelle

  5. Discoloured hands and feet

  6. Strong yellow motion

  7. Fewer wet nappies than usual


 

Shows the following secondary symptoms:

  1. Vomiting which lasts more than 24 hours

  2. Fever that lasts longer than 24 hours

  3. Refusal to drink

  4. Blood in motion

  5. A swollen tummy


 

How to decrease baby’s discomfort?

Cuddle and comfort as much as possible, and keep her dry. Use care and tenderness when changing nappies since it's easy for a baby's bottom to become sore with diarrhoea. Use a barrier cream to prevent irritation if the diarrhoea lasts more than a day.


 

How prevent baby from getting diarrhoea again?

Proper hygiene can help reduce the chance of diarrhoea, because the germs that cause it can be easily passed from hand to mouth. So wash your hands thoroughly with soap after handling soiled nappies or using the toilet.

43 people found this helpful

Infant Cradle Cap - How You Can Get Rid of Them?

MBBS, MD - Dermatology, Diploma in Aesthetic Mesotherapy
Dermatologist, Gurgaon
Infant Cradle Cap - How You Can Get Rid of Them?

Cradle cap is a slick, yellow scaling or crusting on a child's scalp. It is regular in children and can be effortlessly treated. Cradle cap is not a part of any ailment and does not indicate poor care of the child. It is the usual development of sticky skin oils, scales, and sloughed skin cells. It is not harmful to your child and generally leaves by an infant's first birthday. Some of the recommended ways to treat cradle cap are listed below:

  1. Baby shampoo: Shampoo might be the absolute best approach to treat cradle caps in babies. Regular shampooing can get rid of a flakey scalp and make it a smooth one. Abstain from getting the shampoo in your child's eyes. In case you are uncertain about using it, ask a doctor or specialist for guidance. Do not utilize shampoos that contain groundnut oil or shelled nut oil on children under five years of age.

  2. Olive oil: Olive or almond oil is regularly used to heal cradle cap. Try rubbing it on the infant’s hair and give it a chance to sit for some time, then delicately rub with a soft toothbrush.

  3. Coconut oil: Every mother uses coconut oil for many reasons. It is the most effective treatment. It smells astounding as well. Put a little on your child's head every evening and wash it over the next morning with an infant brush.

  4. Vaseline: A considerable number of mothers use Vaseline. Apply it on the hair around evening time and by morning, the cradle cap will be a little improved.

  5. Fine-toothed comb: This is a lice brush and is very useful. However, with a little oil, this is most likely one of the least demanding and quickest approaches to evacuate those flakes.

  6. Shea butter: Applying Shea butter on the scalp is a great approach. Rub it on the hair, then brush it off gradually. It brings about the ideal result, as indicated by a few mothers.

Home treatment is normally all that is required for support. Here is how one needs to do it:

  1. An hour prior to shampooing, rub your child's scalp with infant oil petroleum gel to lift the coverings and flakey scales.

  2. Before applying the shampoo, first get the scalp wet, then tenderly rub the scalp with a delicate swarm brush (a delicate toothbrush would work too) for a couple of minutes to remove the scales. You can attempt to tenderly remove the flakes with extreme attention to detail.

  3. At that point, wash the scalp with baby shampoo, flush well, and tenderly towel dry.

In case that your child's cradle cap gets to be swollen or infected, a course of anti-infection agents or an antifungal cream or cleanser such as ketoconazole might be recommended by a specialist. A gentle steroid cream such as  hydrocortisone may likewise be suggested for an irritant rash.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2619 people found this helpful

Myth- Infant formula is basically the same as breast milk

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Agra
Myth- Infant formula is basically the same as breast milk
Fact-infant formula isn't the same as breast milk. It' s not a living product, so it doesn't have the antibodies, living cells, enzymes or hormones that protect your baby from infections & diseases in childhood & also later in life.
12 people found this helpful

Tongue movement influences infant speech perception

FRHS, Ph.D Neuro , MPT - Neurology Physiotherapy, D.Sp.Med, DPHM (Health Management ), BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai

Free tongue movement in pre-verbal infants influences their perception.says Canadian researchers.

The results showed a teether inserted into the mouth of an infant has an impact on the tongue tip and blade movement influencing speech perception.


Speech perception is available even before infants accrue experience producing speech sounds.

1 person found this helpful
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