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Pulmonary Rehabilitation - Everything About It!

Pulmonary Rehabilitation - Everything About It!

Pulmonary Rehabilitation is a program of exercise and education to increase awareness among patients about chronic lung conditions. Chronic lung conditions that may necessitate such programs are chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pulmonary fibrosis etc.

The aim of such a program is to help patients rebuild strength and lead a more vigorous life. For pregnant women, pulmonary problems can endanger both the mother and the child. This is why, in the case of pregnant women suffering from chronic pulmonary problems like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pulmonary fibrosis etc., Pulmonary Rehabilitation is necessary. This can improve their lung function and help them carry their pregnancy better.

What Entails Pulmonary Rehabilitation

Relevant classes are held in groups. Patients get the chance to meet others suffering from similar lung conditions. They can discuss among themselves and get emotional support. The skills learned and knowledge acquired in such settings can help in managing chronic lung diseases. Patients may enhance their level of fitness. They can learn to exercise their lungs and keep their muscles more active. This may ensure better fostering for the fetus.

The Pulmonary Rehabilitation Team and Venue

Pulmonary Rehabilitation is administered by a team consisting of nurses, doctors, physical therapists, exercise specialists, respiratory therapists, and dietitians. These health professionals can together customize rehab programs that meet individual needs. So pregnant patients are offered rehabilitation differently compared to other patients.

It is an outpatient procedure and may be conducted in a hospital setting or a clinic. One can also avail it at home, if her condition so necessitates it.

For Whom Is It Ideal

Doctors recommend Pulmonary Rehabilitation for patients who suffer from lung conditions that precipitate frequent shortness of breath episodes. These patients may not be able to perform regular activities efficiently despite taking medicines. Although most patients in such rehab programs suffer from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, other chronic lung conditions that may limit breathing and activity may also precipitate the need for such programs.

Tests Carried Out During the Program

One of the basic tests carried out during the rehabilitation program is the six-minute walk test. This test measures the percentage of oxygen in the blood. The therapist assists patients to undergo this test during the rehabilitation program. It shows how much oxygen one may need during different activities or exercises. The therapist then guides individuals through different exercises and use of oxygen during those exercises.

Rehab at Home

The program can be carried out at home, too. However, this is possible only after going through the classes and learning tips about exercising. Since it is an educational program for people with lung disease, it augurs well to take peer support and therapy support in a hospital setting initially and also at times. In between, routine activities can be conducted at home. However, pregnant women need to keep their gynecologists in the loop about various exercises advised by the therapists.

Breathlessness is common during pregnancy. This is why following an exercise regime is one of the more apt ways for pregnant women to control pulmonary or respiratory complications. This will also help for those women who are suffering from any pulmonary disease to lower the chance of getting affected by it. These exercises will calm the nervous system and lower the stress level of the mind.

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Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis!

Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis!

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a type of chronic lung disease characterized by a progressive and irreversible decline in lung function. Symptoms typically include gradual onset of shortness of breath and a dry cough. Other changes may include feeling tired and nail clubbing. Complications may include pulmonary hypertension, heart failure, pneumonia, or pulmonary embolism.


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Simple Tips To Deal With Pulmonary Fibrosis

Simple Tips To Deal With Pulmonary Fibrosis

Pulmonary fibrosis is a condition where the lung tissue is scarred or damaged. This damaged or thickened tissue builds with time thereby interfering with normal respiration. There are multiple factors that could lead to pulmonary fibrosis. The damage is irreparable and hence, it needs to be dealt with appropriately. Here are certain tips that can help deal with pulmonary fibrosis.

1. Exercise-
Do not start with major exercises right away as this could cause you to run out of breath and strain your body. A small routine comprising of simple exercises or light jogging can certainly help. Doing this on a regular basis will allow you to feel a healthy difference in your breathing.

2. Diet-
Creating a diet chart might be easy but the difficult part is sticking to it. Make sure that you plan a diet that is not very complex to maintain and follow. It is important to consume good amounts of proteins and Vitamin D. Increase your water intake and avoid junk food as much as possible. If you can, consider adding fish to your diet.

3. Breathing-
Since pulmonary fibrosis largely affects your lungs, it causes major breathing problems. Hence, it is important that you regularly follow certain breathing exercises. It is advisable to keep a track of your breath. Consult a doctor for suggested breathing exercises or try some on your own to decide which ones are the most comfortable for you.

4. Meditation-
While some people, especially the youth, may consider meditation a waste of time, it is one of the best ways for steady respiration. If your mind is calm, so is your breathing. Meditation does not mean chanting words or reading mantras. It simply means to be one with yourself. Meditation is the key to keep your mind at peace. You just need 10-15 minutes each day, with your own thoughts, and you can see the difference yourself.

5. Vaccinations and medications-
All the above methods can be practiced on your own. They are safe and you need not necessarily consult a doctor or a physician for following them. However, there are certain vaccinations or medications that can be considered in case the symptoms of pulmonary fibrosis go out of hand. It is recommended to consult your doctor to know more about these options.

In addition to all these tips, it is most important to surround yourself with positive, caring people who can help you anytime and anywhere. Having moral support can help you fight through the toughest times. Although it is difficult to get completely rid of pulmonary fibrosis, the above tips can help you maintain a healthy lifestyle and deal with it better.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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Reasons Behind Pulmonary Fibrosis!

Reasons Behind Pulmonary Fibrosis!

One of the essential chemical processes within the human body is that of the oxygenation of the blood. This needs to be done to carry oxygen to the various vital organs and also continue with many of the essential functions within the body.

The lungs are responsible for transferring oxygen throughout the body, and the malfunctioning of lungs may cause many issues with the normal functioning of the processes. A common ailment that affects the lungs is pulmonary fibrosis, also known as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis or scarring of the lungs.

What is Pulmonary Fibrosis?
Pulmonary fibrosis is the scarring of the tissues inside the lungs of a patient. This scarring results in the development of excess tissue, which causes the walls of the lungs to thicken, giving rise to breathing difficulties.

Some of the symptoms of pulmonary fibrosis are-
- Shortness of breath
- Pain in joint and muscles
- Continuous dry coughing
- Inability to exert or take even the slightest bit of physical strain
- Lack of appetite which results in unintentional weight loss
- The rounding of finger and toe tips, which is known as clubbing
Pulmonary fibrosis has various stages and thus, it is important to detect it early or else it can put stresses on other vital organs.

Some of the causes for it are mentioned below:

  • Smoking - Cigarettes, cigars, and beedi are a leading cause of pulmonary fibrosis as they directly affect the lungs by depositing harmful chemicals and thus, cause scarring.
  • Environmental or occupational hazards - People working in a heavy glass or dust particulate environment such as in heavy industrial factories are also susceptible as they breathe in the particles, which may cause scarring.
  • Medicinal triggers - Certain medications can be a trigger due to hormonal or other physical changes and as a side effect may cause scarring of the lungs.
  • Genetic factors - Certain people are genetically predisposed to this condition if multiple members within the family have it as well.
  • Acid reflux diseases - Certain acid reflux problems may also cause scarring when drops of stomach acids enter the lung through the esophageal tract. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Pulmonologist.
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