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Ichthyosis Vulgaris Tips

9 Most Important Tips You Must Follow for Dry & Itchy Skin

Dr. (Col.)Anil Goyal 92% (617 ratings)
MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, MBBS
Dermatologist, Gurgaon
9 Most Important Tips You Must Follow for Dry & Itchy Skin

Are you suffering from dry, stretched, itchy or flaky skin? Remember dry skin look older than oily skin, as they show fine lines and wrinkles faster. They also flake, crack and bleed easily. Read on for 10 super easy steps recommended by dermatologists to soothe dry skin

Prevent hot baths and showers which dehydrate skin further. Do these instead for dry skin

  1. Use warm water
  2. Don’t shower for more than 5 minutes
  3. Wash with a gentle and fragrance-free soap
  4. Don’t apply too much soap so that it whips up a thick lather
  5. Don’t rub your skin dry with a towel

Post bath routine

  1. Slather on a rich moisturiser after drying your skin: Moisturisers trap extra moisture in your skin so the right time to use them is immediately after drying yourself with a towel. It’s better to use ointments and creams as these are more effective than lotions. Creams with olive and jojoba oil, Shea butter, lactic acid, urea, hyaluronic acid, dimethicone, glycerin, lanolin, mineral oil, and petrolatum jelly all are good. If the skin on your hand is extra dry and feels stretched then it’s a good idea to carry a non-greasy hand cream with you. Apply it to each washing hands immediately to relieve dry skin.
  2. Use only unscented skin care products: Shun harsh skin products which strip natural oils from skin like-
    • Deodorant soaps
    • Skin care products that contain fragrances, alcohol, retinoids, or alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA)
  3. Wear gloves when washing utensils: This will prevent dry skin on hands. All you have to do is wear latex gloves before you start washing clothes and utensils.
  4. Choose laundry detergent with care: Laundry detergents should be chosen with care as they can irritate skin. Go for detergents labelled “hypoallergenic”.
  5. Avoid toasting yourself by the fireplace or other heat sources in winters: Remember heat is drying. So limit your time in front of a hot stove or fireplace.
  6. Use humidifiers to add moisture to indoor air: Use of humidifier will help prevent excessive drying of skin.
  7. Use milk on skin: Milk is packed with anti-inflammatory and soothing properties that can fight dry and itchy skin. The lactic acid in milk also exfoliates dead skin cells and increases the capacity of your skin to retain moisture.
  8. Honey: Honey is one of the best natural moisturisers. It comes loaded with antioxidants and antimicrobials.
  9. Yogurt: Yogurt is a skin-hydrating agent par excellence. Its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties also help soothe dry and itchy skin.


If these things don’t work in alleviating skin dryness, you may require a prescription cream, so see a dermatologist.

1 person found this helpful

Itchy Vulva - Its Maintenance And Treatment With Homeopathy!

Dr. Swarup Kumar Ghosh 89% (82 ratings)
MD - Bio-Chemistry, MF Homeo (London), DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery), BHMS
Homeopath, Kolkata

Homoepathic treatment Vulva (Pruritis Vulva)

Itchy vulva (pruritis vulva)- Itchy vulva (pruritus vulvae) is itching of the skin of the vulva. The vulva is the skin outside the vagina, including the lips of the vagina and the skin between the vagina and the anus.
An itchy vulva (pruritus vulvae) is a symptom, not a condition in itself.
Vulval itching can affect any woman, at any age. It can lead to scratching and rubbing which can break the skin and can lead to soreness, bleeding and skin infections.

 

Causes-
The problem of pruritus vulvae or itchy vulva can affect any woman at any age and that can be mild or severe depending upon a number of other factors. There are some factors which can aggravate or cause pruritus vulvae. Here are some of the causes of pruritus vulvae or itchy vulva-

  • Infections-  Thrush, threadworms, scabies, some sexually transmitted infections, such as trichomoniasis and genital warts.
  • Sensitivity of the vulval skin is the most common cause of persistent vulval itch. The vulval skin can become sensitive to anything that comes into contact with it, such as: creams, soaps,
  • Perfumes, deodorants, excessive sweat, condoms, wet wipes, textile dyes (in coloured underwear) detergents
  • Fabric conditioners- may cause an itchy vulva or just irritate a vulva that is already itchy. (panty liners, sanitary pads and tampons)
  • Skin conditions that may affect vulval skin- Atopic eczema, psoriasis. Lichen simplex can affect the vulva. It is caused by scratching, usually initially triggered by the itch of eczema. Lichen planus affects the vulval skin and the entrance to the vagina. Urinary or faecal incontinence. This can make the skin of the vulva moist and irritated. In little girls a particularly common cause is careless or inadequate washing or drying of the area, and wiping the bottom in the'wrong' direction (towards the front). Scrubbing too vigorously with toilet tissue can also contribute.
  • Menopause- Because of lower oestrogen levels, the vulval skin tends to become thinner and drier during and after the menopause. This can make it prone to itch. The low oestrogen levels can also cause vaginal dryness.
  • Pregnancy- This can cause itch due to swelling of the veins in the vulva (vulval engorgement). There is also an increased risk of vaginal discharge and thrush during pregnancy, which may also cause itch.
  • Breastfeeding- Can cause itch due to low oestrogen levels.

Generalised body itch -
Any cause of generalised body itch may also cause itching of the vulva. A generalised body itch may be a side-effect of some medicines or due to some blood disorders, thyroid problems or kidney or liver disease.
Diabetes- Can cause itch in the vulval area, particularly if the diabetes is not well controlled and sugar levels are tending to run high.
Stress- Stress can cause an itchy vulva. It may also make an itchy vulva which is due to some other cause last long after the original cause has settled.

Management and homoeopathic treatment for itchy vulva-
· identifying and stopping the use of anything that may be sensitive the vulval skin.
· in young girls, learning to wipe gently from front to back, and to wash and rinse well and dry even when showering (when the vulva can be missed or left soapy).
· wear loose 100% cotton panty. Avoid nylon or synthetic panty material which tends to block fresh air and causes you to sweat more.
· change panty daily.
· avoid wearing tight-fitting clothes such as cycling shorts or leggings. Skirts and dresses are probably better than trousers.
· consider wearing no underwear - for example, at home, and at night.
· wash vulva gently, once a day. Do not scrub or wash vigorously and avoid using a sponge or flannel to wash with. Over-cleaning may make symptoms worse.
· taking a shower is generally better than having a bath, as it's easier to wash the vulva - but take care to wash off any soap.
· don't put on underwear until vulva is fully dry. Dry the skin gently by dabbing it with a soft towel.
· try to avoid getting shampoo (which runs down the body in a shower) on to the vulva, where it may irritate.
· avoid antiseptics or special vaginal washes.
· avoid condoms that are lubricated with spermicide, as they can be sensitising. Similarly, avoid perfumed lubricants.

Homoeopathic treatment for itchy vulva-
The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach.
Homeopathy for itchy vulva can help this increasingly common condition without harmful side effects of traditional medicines.

Several remedies are available to treat itchy vulva that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints.

  • Apis mel- Follicular vulvitis with abscesses of labia ; neuralgia of external pudenda.
  • Calcarea carb- Itching and stitches either in the internal or external vulva or in both at the same time.
  • Cantharis- Burning and violent itching with dysuria, cutting and burning with frequent micturition.
  • Carbo veg- Itching of vulva and anus from varicose veins in the genitals producing even dysuria; red and sore places about the vulva with itching and leucorrhcea.
  • Coffea- Excessive sensitiveness about vulva with voluptuous itching would like to rub or scratch the parts but they are too sensitive.
  • Conium- Violent itching of vulva followed by pressing-down of uterus especially after menses ; urine flowing and stopping alternately at every emission.
  • Croton tig- Intense itching relieved by gentle scratching.
  • Dulcamara- Herpetic eruption on vulva aggravated by every cold change of weather or by exposure in cold, damp places.
  • Graphites- Itching vesicles and pimples on labia which smart and are painful ; painless pimples on inside of labia ; itching, smarting, painful vesicles on vulva ; itching worse before menses.
  • Helonias- Mucous membrane of labia red, swollen, and covered with a white, curdy deposit like aphthae ; no sexual excitement.
  • Hydrastis- Excessive pruritus with profuse albuminous ieucorrhoea and great sexual excitement.
  • Kali brom- Excessive pruritus of the genitals from uterine or ovarian irritation or from venous hyperesthesia ; great sexual excitement, nearly nymphomania.
  • Kreasote- Corrosive itching of the vulva with soreness and burning when scratching ; aphthous or inflammatory state of external parts, symptomatic of ovarian or uterine disease.
  • Lycopodium- Great sense of dryness of the parts and much itching, especially during and after menses ; abdominal flatulence.
  • Mercurius- Long-lasting itching of vulva shortly before menses aggravated by a single drop even of urine, it has to be washed off; itching of the vulva, with pimples on raous veneris.
  • Natrum mur- Itching of vulva particularly if there is much falling off of hair; pimples on mons veneris.
  • Nitric acid- Violent itching of vulva always worse towards evening; when walking, with soreness; swelling and burning itching of one side of the vagina and of nymphee.
  • Petroleum- Itching in meatus urinarius during micturition, preceded by an urgent desire to urinate.
  • Sepia- Burning and itching with swelling and redness, and humid eruption within the labia ; weight in the anus.
  • Silicea- Itching of vulva from acrid leucorrhcea ; constipation; stool slipping back when partly evacuated.
  • Sulphur- Troublesome itching of the vulva with pimples all around; violent itching of the clitoris.
  • Tarantula- Dryness and heat of the parts ; intense itching, worse at night, accompanied by thin, acrid, yellow leucorrhcea ; urine with thick white sediment.
  • Thuja- Itching of vulva when walking.
  • Zincum- Itching of vulva during menses.

Dry Skin - Know Treatment Of It!

Dr. Rashmi Ravindra 86% (10 ratings)
MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Bangalore
Dry Skin - Know Treatment Of It!

Dry skin is a condition caused by the lack of moisture in skin. Fine lines and wrinkles are just some of the conditions which may be caused due to dry skin. Dry skin can also be very uncomfortable. The condition is mostly caused by environmental factors such as exposure to harsh weather conditions or getting soaked in hot water. 

People at risk

1.        Age
People who are older than 40 years tend to be more at risk of dry skin than people who are younger than 40.
2.        Climate
As mentioned earlier, weather conditions play a pivotal role in causing dry skin. Therefore, people who live in areas where the climate is either very hot or very cold tend to get dry skin more often than people who live in temperate climates. Low humidity is another factor which causes dry skin.
3.        Profession
Some professions, such as nursing or hairstyling requires frequent usage of hot water all through the day. 
4.        Swimming
Swimming is one of the major causes of dry skin. This is especially true in pools which have chlorine. This is because chlorine increases the itchiness of your skin.

Treatment:

1.        Lifestyle changes
Usually, lifestyle changes such as avoiding long, hot showers and putting moisturizers are good enough to make sure that dry skin goes away.
2.        Lactic acid
Creams with lactic acid and urea can be prescribed by your doctor if the dryness of your skin does not go away with just moisturizers. These creams usually tend to be over-the-counter medications.
3.        Prescription creams
Prescription creams are only given when dermatitis, psoriasis or ichthyosis have set in.
4.        Wet dressing
Wet dressings are given only when dermatitis has set in. These are mostly to help prevent infection.
5.        Oils
Oiling your body, especially with fish or flaxseed oil is especially crucial in making sure that your body does not succumb to dry skin.
6.        Hand sanitizer

Normal hand sanitizers create a drying feeling on your hand. However, dermatologist-recommended hydrating hand sanitizers allow your hands to keep their moisture. Therefore, when you are using hand  sanitizers, it is advisable to try to use hydrating ones.
 

Is Dry Skin A Sign Of Thyroid Disorder?

Dr. Rizwan Khan 85% (66 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Gwalior
Is Dry Skin A Sign Of Thyroid Disorder?

Skin conditions related to thyroid disorders are very common. Thyroid problems arise when the level of TSH goes up or down abnormally, or when something goes wrong with the thyroid gland itself. As a result, the thyroid fails to perform its normal functions such as regulating your metabolism, body temperature, heart rate etc.

The scientific name for skin problems associated with thyroid disorder is Myxedema. Skin disorders are caused when the amount of glycosaminoglycan deposits in your skin is high. This condition is commonly known as Hypothyroidism.

Connection between Hypothyroidism and dry skin-
Hypothyroidism refers to an underactive thyroid gland. Simply put, when your thyroid gland produces insufficient hormones. Due to this condition, hyaluronic acid gets accumulated in your skin, making it dry and scaly.
Thyroid hormone receptors are found in various body parts throughout the skin matrix- skin fibroblasts, epidermal keratinocytes, sebaceous gland cells, hair follicles etc. In simple words, when thyroid hormones are secreted, the receptor sites are notified, and retaliate accordingly.

Symptoms of hypothyroidism-
Apart from dry, flaky skin, other obvious signs associated with hypothyroidism are-

  1. Increased sensitivity to cold
  2. Weight gain
  3. Puffy, pale face

Epidermal changes in Hyperthyroidism-
This condition is just the opposite of hypothyroidism. Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) occurs when the thyroid gland produces excess hormones. This leads to thyrotoxicosis, which causes your skin to become inflamed and thin (like in psoriasis or eczema).

Symptoms of hyperthyroidism-
The symptoms of hyperthyroidism differ from that of hypothyroidism.

  1. Brittle nails
  2. Weight loss
  3. Bulging eyes

How Homeopathy helps treat thyroid-related skin disorders?

  1. As stated earlier, hormonal imbalance is the primary cause of thyroid disorders. Homeopathy rectifies the ‘root cause’ by controlling hormonal imbalance and thus brings about harmony. Homeopathy treats the person as a whole, and thus prevents the condition from recurring.
  2. Homeopathy treats each individual with thyroid-related skin disorders differently. It evaluates the type of skin problem you are encountering, and provides a remedy that directly addresses the condition.

Homeopathy follows a holistic approach. This means, your lifestyle and habits are also taken into account. Moreover, homeopathy medicines are prepared from 100% natural substances extracted from minerals, plant and animal bodies. So they are completely safe to use.

Dry Itchy Skin - 10 Healthy Tips To Get Rid Of It!

Gangwani's Clinic 90% (40 ratings)
Dermatologist, Delhi
Dry Itchy Skin - 10 Healthy Tips To Get Rid Of It!

As winter approaches, most people notice their skin turning dry and scaly. This can make fine lines and wrinkles more noticeable and can cause itchiness that may even be accompanied by bleedingDry skin is caused by a loss of moisture. Here are a few tips to help deal with dry skin.

  1. Moisturize- To make up for the lack of moisture in the air, religiously apply moisturiser over your skin after having a shower. This helps hydrate the skin and keeps the moisture in your skin from escaping.

  2. Right Moisturiser- In most cases, creams work better than lotions when dealing with dry skin. Creams that contain natural oils such as olive oil or jojoba oil work well to deep moisturise dry skin. Other ingredients your skin cream should contain are lactic acid, urea, lanolin, petrolatum, hyaluronic acid etc.

  3. Shower Wisely- Limit your showers to a maximum of 10 minutes and try to use warm water instead of hot water. Though standing under a hot shower may feel good at the moment, it rids the skin of its natural oils and hence dries the skin.

  4. Use Gentle Soaps- A cream-based soap that is fragrance-free is great for dry skin. This soothes the skin and moisturises as it cleanses.

  5. Protect Your Skin- Limit your skin’s exposure to natural elements in the winter. If you must step out, clad yourself well and be sure to put on a pair of gloves and socks. Limit tasks that need you to wet your hands.

  6. Shave Smartly- Shaving not only removes unwanted hair but can also irritate the skin. The ideal time to shave is after a shower as this is when your hair is most pliable. Also, always use a sharp, clean blade and shaving cream or gel to protect your skin.

  7. Get a Humidifier- A humidifier can help regulate humidity levels within your house. However, excessive humidity is not good either as it can also adversely affect your skin.

  8. Apply Coconut Oil- Coconut oil is rich in fatty acids that make up for the loss of moisture in the skin. The ideal time to apply coconut oil on the dry skin is before going to bed or after having a bath.

  9. Be careful about laundry detergents- The soap being used to wash your clothes may not always be completely washed off. This can irritate sensitive skin and cause itchiness and flaking. When choosing laundry detergents pick one that is hypoallergenic.

  10. Wear fabrics that love your skin- Avoid synthetic fabrics that stick to the skin and instead, pick gentle fabrics like cotton or silk that allow the skin to breathe.
3933 people found this helpful

Dry Skin - 5 Things That Can Cause It!

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Hyderabad
Dry Skin - 5 Things That Can Cause It!

It’s needless to say, that your skin is the first line of defense against all natural elements like the wind, sun and the cold. But when you have dry skin, it’s a real uncomfortable condition and it can happen for a plethora of reasons.
Dry skin, which is medically known as xerosis, can develop on any part of your body. However, dry skin generally affects the legs, hands and arms. Although dry skin depends a lot on your health, age, the hobbies that you indulge in and the time you spend outdoors, here are some of the most pertinent causes and symptoms of dry skin.

Causes for developing dry skin:

  1. Weather: You may have also noticed that the skin tends to get the driest during the winter, when humidity and temperature plummet down. But the season may not matter if you are living in an arid zone.
  2. Hot bath and shower: Taking prolonged hot bath and showers can dry up your skin. So does swimming, especially if you are doing it in heavily chlorinated water.
  3. Heat: Staying in close proximity to wood-burning stoves, central heating, space heaters and fireplaces, all diminish humidity and dry up your skin.
  4. Harsh detergents and soaps: Maximum soaps, shampoos and detergents are formulated to remove oil. Thus, applying too much of any of these could end up giving you dry skin.
  5. Other conditions: People who suffer from ailments such as atopic dermatitis (eczema) and psoriasis can also be prone to dry skin.

Mostly, dry skin could be a temporary affair as it tends to happen primarily during the winters. However, it could also be a lifelong menace to some. However, dry skin symptoms are:

  1. Gray and ashy skin
  2. Redness on the skin
  3. Deep cracks in the skin that bleed
  4. Rough skin

A feeling of tightness on the skin, especially after bathing, showering or after a swim. In most of the cases, you can find many a home remedy for curing dry skin; however it’s always a good idea to consult a doctor.

5 people found this helpful

7 Causes Of Dry Skin And Its Treatment!

Dr. Prashant Sinha 87% (27 ratings)
MBBS, MD Dermatology
Dermatologist, Allahabad
7 Causes Of Dry Skin And Its Treatment!

Dry skin refers to the lack of moisture within the skin, specifically within the layer known as epidermis. Dry skin is a fairly common condition resulting in the flaking of skin. The abnormal lack of moisture in skin can be caused by several influencing factors.

The loss of moisture
Dry skin may be mild, where it may last for a few days to severe, where it lasts for prolonged periods of time. This tends to become increasingly common with age. Although normally having a dry skin is a common skin type, abnormally low moisture content in the skin might become a serious and chronic condition leading to many problems.

Causes of dry skin
1. Dry skin might be caused by winter weather or dry and harsh climatic conditions
2. Bathing or washing skin frequently with rough soap,
3. Severe deficiency of vitamin A
4. Using hot water for showers for prolonged periods of time
5. Individuals with eczema are more prone to dry skin and may lead to several bacterial infections as well
6. Underlying physical disorders such as hypothyroidism and diabetes may also be contributing factors.
7. Medication for lowering blood pressure, cholesterol and to remove acne may also lead to the dryness of skin.

The symptoms of dry skin include
1. Itchiness and discomfort
2. Tightness of skin
3. Continuous scratching
4. Appearance of white lines on scratching
5. Extremely dry skin may result in the cracking or breaking of skin causing pain and discomfort.
6. Skin that easily bruises with minor abrasions.

Treatment
Dryness of skin is very common and can be treated easily. However, extreme dryness can lead to severe discomfort of the skin and cause infections and skin diseases. Visiting a dermatologist is always preferred in such cases.
1. Certain preventive steps you can take to prevent the occurrence of dry skin along with some treatment options are mentioned here.
2. Temporary dry skin may be treated with the use of lotion. Frequent moisturizing also helps.
3. It is also advisable to drink a lot of water and avoid soaps that suck moisture out of your skin.
4. You should also try and increase the intake of food rich in Vitamin A. Carrots, spinach, tomatoes, zucchini, celery, are good examples of such food.
5. Natural oils may also be used to temporarily remove the dryness in skin. Regular massages and frequent application of moisturizing agents always helps.
6. You should also switch to bathing in cool or lukewarm water.
If the problem seems to persist, visit a dermatologist for further consultation. Special medicated lotions are often prescribed to deal with dry skin. Anti-itching lotions may also be prescribed by dermatologists along with certain oral medications for rare cases.

Dry Skin Care!

Forest Gold 86% (20 ratings)
Ayurveda, Mumbai
Dry Skin Care!

Reasons for dry skin
 

Unhealthy lifestyles, exposures to extreme wealth conditions, bathing for long time in hot water, using harsh soaps, harsh cosmetics, can cause drying of skin. 

Ayurveda's point of view about dry skin

According to texts of ayurveda, dry skin is caused by increased vat dosh in the body. When vaat dosha increases in the body, it reduces kaha dosha and makes skin dry and wrinkled. 

The causes which increases vaat dosha in the body

1) exposure to cold and dry climate
2) controlling natural urges like urination, defecation, hunger, thirst etc
3) keeping awake till night 
4) irregular food habits
5) consumption of spicy, dry and bitter food
 

1 person found this helpful

Dry & Itchy Skin - Try These 10 Things To Get Relief!

Dr. Vivek Kumar Dey 84% (12 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Bhopal
Dry & Itchy Skin - Try These 10 Things To Get Relief!

As winter approaches, most people notice their skin turning dry and scaly. This can make fine lines and wrinkles more noticeable and can cause itchiness that may even be accompanied by bleeding. Dry skin is caused by a loss of moisture.

Here are a few tips to help deal with dry skin.

  1. Moisturize- To make up for the lack of moisture in the air, religiously apply moisturiser over your skin after having a shower. This helps hydrate the skin and keeps the moisture in your skin from escaping.

  2. Right Moisturiser- In most cases, creams work better than lotions when dealing with dry skin. Creams that contain natural oils such as olive oil or jojoba oil work well to deep moisturise dry skin. Other ingredients your skin cream should contain are lactic acid, urea, lanolin, petrolatum, hyaluronic acid etc.

  3. Shower Wisely- Limit your showers to a maximum of 10 minutes and try to use warm water instead of hot water. Though standing under a hot shower may feel good at the moment, it rids the skin of its natural oils and hence dries the skin.

  4. Use Gentle Soaps- A cream-based soap that is fragrance-free is great for dry skin. This soothes the skin and moisturises as it cleanses.

  5. Protect Your Skin- Limit your skin’s exposure to natural elements in the winter. If you must step out, clad yourself well and be sure to put on a pair of gloves and socks. Limit tasks that need you to wet your hands.

  6. Shave Smartly- Shaving not only removes unwanted hair but can also irritate the skin. The ideal time to shave is after a shower as this is when your hair is most pliable. Also, always use a sharp, clean blade and shaving cream or gel to protect your skin.

  7. Get a Humidifier- A humidifier can help regulate humidity levels within your house. However, excessive humidity is not good either as it can also adversely affect your skin.

  8. Apply Coconut Oil- Coconut oil is rich in fatty acids that make up for the loss of moisture in the skin. The ideal time to apply coconut oil on the dry skin is before going to bed or after having a bath.

  9. Be careful about laundry detergents- The soap being used to wash your clothes may not always be completely washed off. This can irritate sensitive skin and cause itchiness and flaking. When choosing laundry detergents pick one that is hypoallergenic.

  10. Wear fabrics that love your skin- Avoid synthetic fabrics that stick to the skin and instead, pick gentle fabrics like cotton or silk that allow the skin to breathe.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2466 people found this helpful

6 Signs That You Have Dry Skin!

Dermatologist, Chennai
6 Signs That You Have Dry Skin!

Dry skin refers to the lack of moisture within the skin, specifically within the layer known as epidermis. Dry skin is a fairly common condition resulting in the flaking of skin. The abnormal lack of moisture in skin can be caused by several influencing factors.

The loss of moisture
Dry skin may be mild, where it may last for a few days to severe, where it lasts for prolonged periods of time. This tends to become increasingly common with age. Although normally having a dry skin is a common skin type, abnormally low moisture content in the skin might become a serious and chronic condition leading to many problems.

Causes of dry skin
1. Dry skin might be caused by winter weather or dry and harsh climatic conditions
2. Bathing or washing skin frequently with rough soap,
3. Severe deficiency of vitamin A
4. Using hot water for showers for prolonged periods of time
5. Individuals with eczema are more prone to dry skin and may lead to several bacterial infections as well
6. Underlying physical disorders such as hypothyroidism and diabetes may also be contributing factors.
7. Medication for lowering blood pressure, cholesterol and to remove acne may also lead to the dryness of skin.

The symptoms of dry skin include
1. Itchiness and discomfort
2. Tightness of skin
3. Continuous scratching
4. Appearance of white lines on scratching
5. Extremely dry skin may result in the cracking or breaking of skin causing pain and discomfort.

6. Skin that easily bruises with minor abrasions.

 

Treatment
Dryness of skin is very common and can be treated easily. However, extreme dryness can lead to severe discomfort of the skin and cause infections and skin diseases. Visiting a dermatologist is always preferred in such cases.
1. Certain preventive steps you can take to prevent the occurrence of dry skin along with some treatment options are mentioned here.
2. Temporary dry skin may be treated with the use of lotion. Frequent moisturizing also helps.
3. It is also advisable to drink a lot of water and avoid soaps that suck moisture out of your skin.
4. You should also try and increase the intake of food rich in Vitamin A. Carrots, spinach, tomatoes, zucchini, celery, are good examples of such food.
5. Natural oils may also be used to temporarily remove the dryness in skin. Regular massages and frequent application of moisturizing agents always helps.
6. You should also switch to bathing in cool or lukewarm water.
If the problem seems to persist, visit a dermatologist for further consultation. Special medicated lotions are often prescribed to deal with dry skin. Anti-itching lotions may also be prescribed by dermatologists along with certain oral medications for rare cases.

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