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Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis Tips

Food Categories Which Should Be Avoided By Patients Suffering From A Spinal Cord Injury!

Dr. Sankalp Mohan 96% (98 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, Fellow In Pain Management, DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Delhi
Food Categories Which Should Be Avoided By Patients Suffering From A Spinal Cord Injury!

A spinal cord is a narrow, tubular bundle of nerves which starts from the medulla oblongata and runs down the middle of your back. It protrudes from the brain and helps support the entire body. Any injury to the spinal cord should be treated with a lot of care and patience. Spinal cord injuries often change the person’s metabolism significantly. You need to be very careful of the calories you take in after a spinal injury, in order to make sure that your eating habits don’t give way to more serious medical conditions. Maintaining a healthy weight is crucial for individuals who have a spinal cord injury.

High Sodium containing Foods
A person who is suffering from paraplegia or quadriplegia should restrict their sodium intake to 500 to 1,000 mg daily, as suggested by experts. Intake of excess sodium can raise your blood pressure level which may eventually result in a heart disease or a stroke. Keeping a check on your daily sodium intake, therefore, becomes a must for patients who suffer from the aforementioned spinal cord injuries.

Foods and Beverages with Sugar

Any food item which contains a large amount of sugar in it is an absolute no for patients who have a spinal cord injury. Any individual with SCI should avoid food items which have a large amount of sugar in it. Sugary beverages are also to be avoided. Sodas, candies, cookies among other sugary food items should be consumed only once in a while as they do not have any benefits and nutritional value.

Alcohol
Alcohol is that one vice which should be strictly avoided. This empty calorie beverage has a number of side effects which can be a setback for recovering patients. The consumption of alcohol should be limited, as the intake for women should stick to one beverage and for men, it can be two drinks a day, as suggested by doctors.

Fast Foods
A person who is a patient of a spinal cord injury has to be extra careful about his/her calorie intake. This is why patients cannot afford to eat fast foods as these food items usually have around 1200 calories in a single meal, according to the Spinal Cord Injury Network. An SCI patient needs to consume at least 10% lesser calories than an average healthy person. Patients need to avoid food with excess fat, cholesterol, and sodium in order to recover faster.

1342 people found this helpful

Spinal Cord Injury Prevention - Know What Can Be Helpful!

Dr. Ravindra Srivastava 85% (31 ratings)
M.Ch, MS, MBBS
Neurosurgeon, Greater Noida
Spinal Cord Injury Prevention - Know What Can Be Helpful!

A spinal cord injury is a damage to the spinal cord. It’s an extremely serious type of physical trauma that’s likely to have a lasting and significant impact on most aspects of daily life.

The spinal cord is responsible for sending messages from the brain to all parts of the body. It also sends messages from the body to the brain. We are able to perceive pain and move our limbs because of messages sent through the spinal cord.

If the spinal cord sustains an injury, some or all of these impulses may not be able to ‘get through’. The result is a complete or total loss of sensation and mobility below the injury. A spinal cord injury closer to the neck will typically cause paralysis throughout a larger part of the body than one in the lower back area.

Causes-

A spinal cord injury is often the result of an unpredictable accident or violent event. The following can all result in damage to the spinal cord:

  • a violent attack such as a stabbing or a gunshot
  • diving into water that’s too shallow and hitting the bottom
  • trauma during a car accident (specifically, trauma to the face, head and neck region, back, or chest area)
  • falling from a significant height
  • head or spinal injuries during sporting events
  • electrical accidents
  • severe twisting of the middle portion of the torso

Symptoms

Some symptoms of a spinal cord injury include:

  1. Problem in walking
  2. Loss of control of the bladder or bowels
  3. Inability to move the arms or legs
  4. Feelings numbness or tingling in the extremities
  5. Unconsciousness
  6. Headache
  7. Pain, pressure, stiffness in the back or neck area
  8. Signs of shock
  9. Unnatural positioning of the head

If you suspect that someone has a back or neck injury:

  • Don’t move the injured person – permanent paralysis and other serious complications may result
  • Keep the person still
  • Place heavy towels on both sides of the neck or hold the head and neck to prevent them from moving until emergency care arrives
  • Provide basic first aid, such as stopping any bleeding and making the person comfortable, without moving the head or neck

Prevention-

Because spinal cord injuries are often due to unpredictable events, the best you can do is reduce your risk.

 Some risk-reducing measures include:

  1. always wearing a seatbelt while in a car
  2. wearing proper protective gear while playing sports
  3. never diving into water unless you’ve examined it first to make sure it’s deep enough and free of rocks

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1859 people found this helpful

Spinal Cord Injury - Are You Aware Of The Signs?

MCh - Neurosurgery, MBBS
Neurosurgeon, Chennai
Spinal Cord Injury - Are You Aware Of The Signs?

A spinal cord injury is a damage to the spinal cord. It’s an extremely serious type of physical trauma that’s likely to have a lasting and significant impact on most aspects of daily life.

The spinal cord is responsible for sending messages from the brain to all parts of the body. It also sends messages from the body to the brain. We are able to perceive pain and move our limbs because of messages sent through the spinal cord.

If the spinal cord sustains an injury, some or all of these impulses may not be able to ‘get through’. The result is a complete or total loss of sensation and mobility below the injury. A spinal cord injury closer to the neck will typically cause paralysis throughout a larger part of the body than one in the lower back area.

Causes-

A spinal cord injury is often the result of an unpredictable accident or violent event. The following can all result in damage to the spinal cord:

  • A violent attack such as a stabbing or a gunshot
  • Diving into water that’s too shallow and hitting the bottom
  • Trauma during a car accident (specifically, trauma to the face, head and neck region, back, or chest area)
  • Falling from a significant height
  • Head or spinal injuries during sporting events
  • Electrical accidents
  • Severe twisting of the middle portion of the torso

Symptoms-

Some symptoms of a spinal cord injury include:

  1. Problems walking
  2. Loss of control of the bladder or bowels
  3. Inability to move the arms or legs
  4. Feelings of spreading numbness or tingling in the extremities
  5. Unconsciousness
  6. Headache
  7. Pain, pressure, stiffness in the back or neck area
  8. Signs of shock
  9. Unnatural positioning of the head

If you suspect that someone has a back or neck injury:

  • Don’t move the injured person – permanent paralysis and other serious complications may result
  • Call 911 or your local emergency medical assistance number
  • Keep the person still
  • Place heavy towels on both sides of the neck or hold the head and neck to prevent them from moving until emergency care arrives
  • Provide basic first aid, such as stopping any bleeding and making the person comfortable, without moving the head or neck

Prevention-

Because spinal cord injuries are often due to unpredictable events, the best you can do is reduce your risk.

 Some risk-reducing measures include:

  1. Always wearing a seatbelt while in a car
  2. Wearing proper protective gear while playing sports
  3. Nver diving into water unless you’ve examined it first to make sure it’s deep enough and free of rocks

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2 people found this helpful

Spinal Cord Injury - Tips To Help You Recover!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Mch - Neuro Surgery
Neurosurgeon, Ghaziabad
Spinal Cord Injury - Tips To Help You Recover!

A spinal cord injury involves damage to the spinal cord either from trauma, loss of the normal blood supply, or compression caused by a tumor or infection. These injuries can either be complete; wherein there is a complete loss of sensation and muscle function in the body, below the level of the injury or incomplete; wherein there is some remaining function below the level of the injury. In most cases, both sides of the body are affected equally.

Classification of the spinal cord injuries

  • High-cervical: It involves the topmost vertebrae in the spinal column, which can result in partial or full paralysis if the spinal cord is severed.
  • Low-cervical: Damage to this area can affect the function of the upper limbs.
  • Thoracic: It involves the center of the spinal column; damage to this area can impact the muscles and nerves of the trunk.
  • Lumbar: It is the commonest site of lower back pain; damage to this area can affect the lower back and limbs.
  • Sacral: Any trauma to the tailbone can cause damage to the nerves in the sacral part of the spine.

Several cases of spinal cord injury are treated with surgery. The two major goals of surgery involve relieving the pressure on the spinal cord and stabilizing the spine.

Quick recovery from spinal cord injuries

Damage to the spinal cord often causes inflammation of the surrounding tissues. A smooth and quick recovery can be achieved by promptly addressing the inflammation post-injury. Following tips can help regain a normal range of motion, promote fast healing, and eliminate pain:

  • Cold therapy: One of the best ways to treat inflammation is with cold application. The lower temperature causes constriction of blood vessels, which reduces the flow of blood to the injured area and helps control swelling. Additionally, a reduced body temperature around an injury slows down cellular metabolism and cell death, minimizing the amount of tissue repair required. Also, pain reduction by a brief deadening of nerve endings and lessening sensation in the affected area is achieved with cold application.
  • Ample rest: Overexertion has to be avoided during the recovery period to ensure that the body gets a lot of rest. Adequate rest needs to be supplemented with a healthy diet to provide the body with all the nutrients it needs for healing.
  • Physical therapy: Physical therapy is an important component of fast recovery in a spinal cord injury. Gentle strengthening and stretching exercises will help an individual regain range of motion, improve flexibility, and build the surrounding muscles to support the spine. It is advised to work closely with a physical therapist and follow their instructions for better results.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3087 people found this helpful

2 Physiotherapy Exercises for Spinal Cord Injury

Dr. Vishwas Virmani 89% (22290 ratings)
MPT, BPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
2 Physiotherapy Exercises for Spinal Cord Injury

A.STRENGTHENING EXERCISES:

These consist of exercises to strengthen the lower limb muscles in case of lower motor neuron type of palsy. Strengthening of the upper limb is essential as this will help the patient to enable efficiency in activities like transferring,use of walking aids like crutch, and also helps in over all functional rehabilitation. Strengthening of trunk muscles is essential for better trunk control and stability which will help in better balancing in sitting or standing.

 Quadratus lumborum is the most important trunk muscle in case of spinal cord injury that has got no hip flexors because it enables the patient to hike the pelvis.

Use of tilt table: In the initial stages when there is no trunk stability patient can be trained for weight bearing on lower limbs by using tilt table.In this the patient’s trunk and the lower limbs are strapped to the tilt table and then the table is tilted such that the patient is in erect position.Moreover tilt table can also be used in the initial stage to prevent the chances of orthostatic hypotension

For preventing hypotension in the initial stages the patient is made to lie on the tilt table and the table is gradually tilted everyday at increasing range so that the autonomous nervous system is made to get conditioned as a result the reflex vasoconstriction can bestimulate d in erect position. This will help in preventing or treating orthostatic hypotension.

Transfer activities: To make the patient independent in ADL, it is necessary to train him to use the wheelchair. Easy ways of transfer from bed to wheelchair from wheelchair to low stool and from low stool to floor and back to wheel chair should be taught to patient. The patient also should be trained for balance in sitting position if his trunk muscles are also affected. Patient should also be taught various ways of locomotion in emergency situation like shuffling in sitting position, semi crawling in prone position with the help of weight bearing on the forearm.

B.GAIT TRAINING:

Spinal cord injury can be made to ambulate with the help of crutches and calipers. There are various types of gait that can be taught with the assistance of axillary crutches like shuffling gait, dragging gait and swing gait. However walking should be trained in a gradual manner. The lower limbs are supported with appropriate orthosis and the patient is made to sand in the parallel bar. The patient is advised to do hyperextension at the hips and trunk to maintain erect posture and balance. 

Hyperextension of the hip locks the hip with the help of ischio-femoral ligament and thus provides stability. Once the patient is confident in standing gait training is started by instructing the patient to lift one leg and take weight on other extremity. Stepping forward is taught next and the physiotherapist progresses to walking in parallel bars.After this patient is made to walkout of the parallel bar with the help of walker.Depending on the trunk stability and confidence of the patient progression can be made to axillary crutches. Elbow crutches or canes can be given only if the upper limb musculature becomes quite strong to weight bear efficiently and within the safely limit of the patient. 

Even if the patient is not going to be a community walker, it is important to give him gait training so that can achieve some independency in activities of daily living and to maintain his self-esteem. Weight bearing on the lower limbs in erect posture also acts to slowdown the process of osteoporosis and prevent tightness.

Use of orthosis or appliances: lower limb orthosis or gaiter may be used depending on the muscular status in the lower limbs. 

Keep Your Spine Safe - Spinal Cord Injury Has Lot Many Complications

Dr. Vishwas Virmani 89% (22290 ratings)
MPT, BPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
Keep Your Spine Safe - Spinal Cord Injury Has Lot Many Complications

SPINAL CORD INJURY

Mechanism of the injury that can cause damage to the vertebrae with a resultant damage to the cord is usually a hyper flexion with rotation is less likely to cause damage to the cord.Injuries to the spinal cord can be caused by:

  1. Fracture or fracture  with dislocation  
  2. Sports injuries 
  3. Industrial injuries 
  4. Stab injury 
  5. Gunshot injuries 
  6. Surgical procedures:     surgeries done in and around the spinal cord can cause damage to it.Fracture or fracture dislocation can be caused either due to collision of a heavy object over the head or directly over the spine.

COMPLICATION OF SPINAL CORD INJURIES 

Pressure sores: In case of chronic illness with spinal cord injury, the patient is bed-ridden for a long time. If proper care is not taken patient develops pressure sores which becomes a major complication if infected.

Tightness and contractures: because of inability of the patient to move the lower limbs, patients lower limbs are positioned under the effect of gravity or under the influence of spasticity. The patient suffers from tightness, contractures and loss of ROM. If these are not treated in time it will lead to fixed mal   alignment of joints which eventually will lead to deformity.

Osteoporosis: without adequate weight bearing imposed on the lower limb bones more and more calcium is released from bones which causes osteoporotic and fragile bones that is prone to have fractures even with trivial trauma.

Urinary Tract infection and urinary calculi: due to urinary retention in the spinal cord injury patient there is growth of bacteria primarily due to the presence of an indwelling catheter which acts as a main source of entrance for the bacteria.

Pain syndrome: the source of pain can be traumatic, spinal cord pain and musculoskeletal.

PHYSIOTHERAPY MANAGEMENT

The aims of the physiotherapy management consist of:

  • Prevention of all   secondary complications as a result of being bedridden. 
  • Restoration of   functional independency to the maximum possible limit. 
  • Psychological  counseling. 
  • Social and vocational  rehabilitation.
  • Family education   
  • Home adaptation.

Paralysis - How Can It Be Treated?

Dr. Amin A. Khan 90% (271 ratings)
MDT(Mc Kenzie) , P.G-Dietitian, N.D.T-( Neuro Development Technic ), Physiotherapist
Physiotherapist, Mumbai
Paralysis - How Can It Be Treated?

Paralysis can be concluded as the state when the muscles lose functioning in any part of the body. Any kind of disruption in our nerve system can be responsible enough to cause paralysis. Our central nervous system and peripheral nervous system communicate and control our senses of movement. But interruption in nerve impulses can cause weakness in muscles which leads to muscle paralysis.

Symptoms
A paralysed patient will encounter symptoms like:

  1. Decreasing the motor power
  2. Decreasing vasomotor control
  3. Loss of sensation
  4. Decreasing bowel and bladder control
  5. Losing the ability of sexual function.

When it comes to treating a paralysis patient, physiotherapy is proven to be the best remedy. Physiotherapy has thoroughly helped patients with paralysis in getting to feel confident and independent. Physiotherapy includes various exercises and techniques which are developed with time in order to provide a complete rehabilitation to the patients.

Types of paralysis:
There are mainly four types of paralysis

  1. Monoplegia: when one limb gets paralysed
  2. Hemiplegia: when arm and leg of a single side get paralysed
  3. Paraplegia: when legs get paralysed
  4. Quadriplegia: when both sides get paralysed

Treating paralysis with physiotherapy

  1. Physiotherapy is advised to patients with any type of paralysis. It should be started soon in order to improve blood circulation in the muscles. It also helps in relaxing the stiff muscles. This treatment improves the overall health condition of the patient.
  2. Physiotherapy is also responsible for reducing any kind of swelling which takes place due to external brain injury.
  3. Physiotherapy is helpful in making the patient stable and independent.
  4. It also helps in maintaining the blood pressure.
  5. It helps to improve the respiratory system.
  6. Physiotherapy maintains the affected muscles and nerves. It provides strength to the affected muscles and works to prevent the limbs from getting deformed.
  7. One major symptom of paralysis is a loss of bladder and bowel function. Physiotherapy helps in managing the paralysed bowel and bladder.
  8. Physiotherapy involves different techniques which can be learnt from a physiotherapist in order to transfer a paralysed patient.
  9. Othorsis, canes, braces, splints are the equipment that are advised to the patient by a professional physiotherapist.
  10. Physiotherapy helps in resolving problems such as anxiety, anger, depression, denial which takes place after post-paralysis mental trauma.
  11. Physiotherapist provides safeguarding tips to the patient and his or her family in order to avoid accidents.
  12. Physiotherapy has a big role in creating the motivation in patient's mind.

These are the benefits of physiotherapy which help the paralyzed limbs getting stronger and better. But it is always advised to be done under a professional physiotherapist. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5059 people found this helpful

Spinal Cord Injury - Physiotherapy For It!

Dr. Anuradha Sharma 92% (16356 ratings)
MPT - Orthopedic Physiotherapy, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
Spinal Cord Injury - Physiotherapy For It!

A spinal cord injury is damage to the spinal cord. It’s an extremely serious type of physical trauma that’s likely to have a lasting and significant impact on most aspects of daily life.

The spinal cord is responsible for sending messages from the brain to all parts of the body. It also sends messages from the body to the brain. We are able to perceive pain and move our limbs because of messages sent through the spinal cord.

If the spinal cord sustains an injury, some or all of these impulses may not be able to ‘get through’. The result is a complete or total loss of sensation and mobility below the injury. A spinal cord injury closer to the neck will typically cause paralysis throughout a larger part of the body than one in the lower back area.

Causes-

A spinal cord injury is often the result of an unpredictable accident or violent event. The following can all result in damage to the spinal cord:

  • a violent attack such as a stabbing or a gunshot
  • diving into water that’s too shallow and hitting the bottom
  • trauma during a car accident (specifically trauma to the face, head and neck region, back, or chest area)
  • falling from a significant height
  • head or spinal injuries during sporting events
  • electrical accidents
  • severe twisting of the middle portion of the torso

Symptoms -

Some symptoms of a spinal cord injury include:

  1. problems walking
  2. loss of control of the bladder or bowels
  3. inability to move the arms or legs
  4. feelings of spreading numbness or tingling in the extremities
  5. unconsciousness
  6. headache
  7. pain, pressure, stiffness in the back or neck area
  8. signs of shock
  9. unnatural positioning of the head

If you suspect that someone has a back or neck injury:

  • Don’t move the injured person – permanent paralysis and other serious complications may result
  • Call 911 or your local emergency medical assistance number
  • Keep the person still
  • Place heavy towels on both sides of the neck or hold the head and neck to prevent them from moving until emergency care arrives
  • Provide basic first aid, such as stopping any bleeding and making the person comfortable, without moving the head or neck

Treatment

Treatment should be focused upon that individual and tailored specifically to their condition. A treatment programme is formulated following a thorough physical assessment which might include:

  1. Stretching activities to maintain muscle and tendon length and reduce or keep muscle spasms/spasticity to a minimum.
  2. Flexibility and strengthening exercises for the whole body.
  3. Breathing exercises to maximise lung function and prevent chest infection.
  4. Balance and posture exercises which can help to reduce pain associated with poor posture and balance impairment and ensure correct transfer techniques (in/out of wheelchair, bed, toilet/bath, car etc.)
  5. Functional activities to improve fundamental movement patterns such as rolling over and sitting up, and standing where appropriate.
  6. Walking re-education, if there is sufficient muscle activity and power in the legs.

Your physiotherapist might also be able to advise an individual on use of appropriate equipment such as wheel-chairs and pressure releasing cushions, exercise equipment and electrical muscle stimulators.

Prevention

Because spinal cord injuries are often due to unpredictable events, the best you can do is reduce your risk.

 Some risk-reducing measures include:

  1. Always wearing a seatbelt while in a car
  2. Wearing proper protective gear while playing sports
  3. Never diving into water unless you’ve examined it first to make sure it’s deep enough and free of rocks

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3172 people found this helpful

Spinal Cord Injury: Know How To Prevent It!

Dr. Satyajit Das 92% (79 ratings)
DNB NEUROSURGERY, M.B.B.S.
Neurosurgeon, Durgapur
Spinal Cord Injury: Know How To Prevent It!

The spinal cord is like a cable consisting of millions of nerves that transmit messages in the form of electrochemical signals from the brain to the rest of the body, and also sensations from the body back to the brain. We are able to perceive pain and move our limbs because of messages sent through the spinal cord. 

The spinal cord is soft and vulnerable to injury. It is protected by the bony structure of the vertebral column. A spinal cord injury can happen if there is a fracture of the spine. Sometimes, even if the vertebral column is intact, violent shaking can cause cord contusions. It’s an extremely serious type of injury that is likely to have a lasting and significant impact on most aspects of daily life. 

If the spinal cord sustains an injury, some or all of these impulses may get blocked. The result is a loss of sensation and mobility below the level of injury. A spinal cord injury closer to the neck will typically cause paralysis throughout the body, while one in the lower back may affect the legs but spare the hands. 

Causes: 

A spinal cord injury is often the result of violent trauma. Events like spontaneous hemorrhage, infection, tumors or autoimmune diseases can also cause spinal cord damage. Some causes of traumatic injury to the spinal cord are : 

  • trauma during a car accident (specifically, trauma to the face, head and neck region, back, or chest area) 
  • falling from a significant height 
  • head or spinal injuries during sporting events 
  • electrical accidents 
  • a violent attack such as a stabbing or a gunshot 
  • Diving head first into water that’s too shallow and hitting the bottom

Symptoms-

Some symptoms of a spinal cord injury include: 

  • Neck or back pain 
  • Pain radiating along limbs, or numbness/ pins and needles sensation along the arms or legs. 
  • Weakness of particular muscle groups in focal injury, to complete paralysis in severe injury. 
  • Clumsiness during finer actions using the hands. 
  • Unsteadiness or loss of balance while walking. 
  • Loss of control of the bladder or bowels You must take immediate precautions 

If there is the slightest suspicion that someone has a back or neck injury: 

  • Call 911 or your local emergency medical assistance number 
  • Do not move the injured person – permanent paralysis and other serious complications may result. 
  • Place heavy towels on both sides of the neck or hold the head and neck to prevent them from moving until emergency care arrives •    Provide basic first aid, such as stopping any bleeding and making the person comfortable, without moving the head or neck 
  • If movement is absolutely necessary, arrange a cervical collar, then log-roll onto a stiff spine board or flat surface, taking care that all parts of the body move together and that any relative movement between one part of the spine to the next is avoided. 

Prevention- 
Because spinal cord injuries are often due to unpredictable events, the best you can do is reduce your risk. Some risk-reducing measures include: 

  • always wearing a seatbelt while in a car 
  • wearing proper protective gear while playing sports 
  • never diving into water unless you’ve examined it first to make sure it’s deep enough and free of rocks 
  • increase protective measures to avoid falls from height 

Treatment: 
Seek the opinion of a Neurosurgeon or an Orthopedic spine surgeon as soon as possible. X-rays, CT scan or MRI scans may be advised for assessing bony or soft tissue injuries of spine. Minor injuries require only immobilization and rest. Severe injuries, however, may require steroid injections and surgical intervention. Time is of essence, and an early surgery in certain situations may save a limb that would otherwise be paralyzed for life.

3186 people found this helpful

Spinal Cord Injury - Common Factors That Can Lead To It!

Dr. Savitr Sastri 91% (79 ratings)
MS - General Surgery, MBBS, MCh - Neuro Surgery
Neurosurgeon, Hyderabad
Spinal Cord Injury - Common Factors That Can Lead To It!

A spinal cord injury is a damage to the spinal cord. It’s an extremely serious type of physical trauma that’s likely to have a lasting and significant impact on most aspects of daily life.

The spinal cord is responsible for sending messages from the brain to all parts of the body. It also sends messages from the body to the brain. We are able to perceive pain and move our limbs because of messages sent through the spinal cord.

If the spinal cord sustains an injury, some or all of these impulses may not be able to ‘get through’. The result is a complete or total loss of sensation and mobility below the injury. A spinal cord injury closer to the neck will typically cause paralysis throughout a larger part of the body than one in the lower back area.

Causes

A spinal cord injury is often the result of an unpredictable accident or violent event. The following can all result in damage to the spinal cord:

  • a violent attack such as a stabbing or a gunshot
  • diving into water that’s too shallow and hitting the bottom
  • trauma during a car accident (specifically, trauma to the face, head and neck region, back, or chest area)
  • falling from a significant height
  • head or spinal injuries during sporting events
  • electrical accidents
  • severe twisting of the middle portion of the torso

Symptoms

Some symptoms of a spinal cord injury include:

  1. problems walking
  2. loss of control of the bladder or bowels
  3. inability to move the arms or legs
  4. feelings of spreading numbness or tingling in the extremities
  5. unconsciousness
  6. headache
  7. pain, pressure, stiffness in the back or neck area
  8. signs of shock
  9. unnatural positioning of the head

If you suspect that someone has a back or neck injury:

  • Don’t move the injured person – permanent paralysis and other serious complications may result
  • Call 911 or your local emergency medical assistance number
  • Keep the person still
  • Place heavy towels on both sides of the neck or hold the head and neck to prevent them from moving until emergency care arrives
  • Provide basic first aid, such as stopping any bleeding and making the person comfortable, without moving the head or neck

Prevention

Because spinal cord injuries are often due to unpredictable events, the best you can do is reduce your risk.

 Some risk-reducing measures include:

  1. always wearing a seatbelt while in a car
  2. wearing proper protective gear while playing sports
  3. never diving into water unless you’ve examined it first to make sure it’s deep enough and free of rocks. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Neurosurgeon.
2654 people found this helpful
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