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Hiatal Hernia Diet Tips

All About Hiatal Hernia

MBBS, MS-General Surgery , FMAS, FIAGES
General Surgeon, Gurgaon
All About Hiatal Hernia

Hiatal hernia takes place when the upper portion of the stomach pushes itself through an opening in the diaphragm, into the chest cavity. The diaphragm is a wall of thin muscles, which separates the chest cavity and the abdomen. In most cases, a small Hiatal hernia doesn't cause problems and you may never know you have a Hiatal hernia unless your doctor discovers it when checking for another condition.

But a large Hiatal hernia can allow food and acid to back up into your oesophagus, leading to heartburn. Self-care measures or medications can usually relieve these symptoms, although a very large Hiatal hernia sometimes requires surgery.

Causes

Hiatal hernia is primarily or most commonly caused due to the increase in pressure in the abdominal cavity. Sometimes, a lot of pressure may be felt around the stomach accompanied by coughing, vomiting, strain during bowel movements. For people born with an abnormal hiatus, the chance of getting Hiatal hernia is more.

The two common types of Hiatal hernia are:

  1. Sliding Hiatal hernia, which occurs during the sliding out of the stomach and oesophagus into and out of the chest through the hiatus. This type of Hiatal hernia is less intense and has no symptoms.
  2. Fixed Hiatal hernia or Paraoesophageal Hernia is an uncommon type of hernia where a part of the stomach pushes through the diaphragm and stays there.

Symptoms

Usually, no symptoms are experienced during Hiatal Hernia. Some symptoms are experienced that happen due to stomach acids, bile or air, which enters the oesophagus. Some common symptoms include:

  1. Heartburns which become worse when a person lies down
  2. Chest pain, better called epigastric pain
  3. Problem in swallowing food
  4. Belching

Tests for Diagnosis

Several tests can be carried out for the diagnosis of Hiatal hernia. They include:

  1. Barium X-ray, where a person is made to drink a liquid filled with barium before the x-ray. The x-ray provides a clear image of the upper digestive tract region and the location of the stomach can be seen. If it is protruded out, Hiatal hernia is signified.
  2. Endoscopy is another test for detection of Hiatal hernia. A thin tube slides down the throat, which reaches up to the oesophagus and stomach. This will determine whether the stomach is pushing through the diaphragm or not.

Treatment

Medicines, which are used to cure a Hiatal hernia may include antacids for neutralizing stomach acid, H2 receptor blockers to lower acid production and proton pump inhibitors. Sometimes fundoplication surgery is required for the treatment of Hiatal hernia, although it is rare. Some common surgical techniques are rebuilding of oesophageal muscles or a surgery to put the stomach back in its actual place. Laparoscopic surgery methods are used. Hiatal hernia may reoccur even after surgery; so general precautions should be taken. You should:

  1. Exercise regularly and maintain a healthy weight
  2. Avoid lifting heavy objects and ask for help
  3. Avoid any kind of strain on the abdominal muscles

Hiatal hernia is a disorder, which is more common among people over the age of fifty. Necessary precautions and treatment should be adopted in case of Hiatal hernia.

3175 people found this helpful

Hiatal Hernia - How Is it Diagnosed?

MS - General Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Surgeon, Bangalore
Hiatal Hernia - How Is it Diagnosed?

What do we mean by a hiatal hernia?

The hiatus is an opening in the diaphragm (the muscular wall) which separates the chest cavity from the abdomen. Normally, the esophagus (food pipe) goes through the hiatus and attaches to the stomach. In a hiatal hernia, the stomach bulges up into the chest through that opening.

What does statistical data say about a hiatal hernia?

Statistically, approximately 60% of individuals who are above age 50 or older have a hiatal hernia.

In which age group is hiatal hernia very common?

The incidence of hiatal hernias increases with age. It is commonly seen in the older age people specifically in people who are above 50.

What are the causes of hiatal hernia?

The most common risk factors are as follows:

  1. Obesity Congenital deformities, such as scoliosis
  2. Certain types of surgery
  3. Major trauma
  4. Conditions which causes an increase in abdominal pressure within the abdomen, such as heavy lifting, or bending over, frequent or violent coughing, violent sneezing, violent vomiting, and straining during bowel movements

What are the types of a hiatal hernia?

There are four types of a hiatal hernia and they are as follows:

  1. Sliding hiatal hernia: This is the most common variant of a hiatal hernia. It occurs when your stomach and esophagus slide into and out of your chest through the hiatus. It is usually asymptomatic.
  2. Fixed hiatal hernia: It is also known as a paraesophageal hernia. In a fixed hernia, part of the stomach pushes through diaphragm and stays there.
  3. Type III hiatal hernia: In this type, as a hernia goes on increasing, the phrenoesophageal ligament stretches and displaces the gastroesophageal junction above the diaphragm
  4. Type IV hiatal hernia: Type IV hiatal hernia includes a large defect in the phrenoesophageal ligament causing other organs, such as colon, spleen, pancreas and small intestine to enter the hernia sac.

What are the sign and symptoms of hiatal hernia?

Common symptoms include:

  1. Heartburn
  2. Chest pain or epigastric pain, coughing
  3. Difficulty in swallowing
  4. Belching, eructation, and hiccups

How to diagnose the condition?

To diagnose this condition following tests or procedures are included:

  1. X-ray of the chest and abdomen Barium follow-through examination of gastrointestinal tract (GI) to visualize GI tract.
  2. Upper endoscopy for examining the esophagus and stomach from inside Esophageal manometry for measuring the rhythmic muscular contractions of esophagus while swallowing, and also, measuring the force exerted by the muscles of esophagus.

What is the treatment available for it?

It includes medications and surgery which are as follows:

  1. Antacids to neutralize stomach acid and to reduce acid production
  2. Medications that heal the esophagus
  3. Surgery of opening of diaphragm to make it smaller and for reconstruction of an esophageal sphincter
1 person found this helpful

Hiatal Hernia: Type, Causes and Its Diagnosis

Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS), MS, MBBS
General Surgeon, Bangalore
Hiatal Hernia: Type, Causes and Its Diagnosis

Hiatal hernia takes place when the upper portion of the stomach pushes itself through an opening in the diaphragm, into the chest cavity. The diaphragm is a wall of thin muscles, which separates the chest cavity and the abdomen. In most cases, a small Hiatal hernia doesn't cause problems and you may never know you have a Hiatal hernia unless your doctor discovers it when checking for another condition.

But a large Hiatal hernia can allow food and acid to back up into your oesophagus, leading to heartburn. Self-care measures or medications can usually relieve these symptoms, although a very large Hiatal hernia sometimes requires surgery.

Causes

Hiatal hernia is primarily or most commonly caused due to the increase in pressure in the abdominal cavity. Sometimes, a lot of pressure may be felt around the stomach accompanied by coughing, vomiting, strain during bowel movements. For people born with an abnormal hiatus, the chance of getting Hiatal hernia is more.

The two common types of Hiatal hernia are:

  1. Sliding Hiatal hernia, which occurs during the sliding out of the stomach and oesophagus into and out of the chest through the hiatus. This type of Hiatal hernia is less intense and has no symptoms.
  2. Fixed Hiatal hernia or Paraoesophageal Hernia is an uncommon type of hernia where a part of the stomach pushes through the diaphragm and stays there.

Symptoms

Usually, no symptoms are experienced during Hiatal Hernia. Some symptoms are experienced that happen due to stomach acids, bile or air, which enters the oesophagus. Some common symptoms include:

  1. Heartburns which become worse when a person lies down
  2. Chest pain, better called epigastric pain
  3. Problem in swallowing food
  4. Belching

Tests for Diagnosis

Several tests can be carried out for the diagnosis of Hiatal hernia. They include:

  1. Barium X-ray, where a person is made to drink a liquid filled with barium before the x-ray. The x-ray provides a clear image of the upper digestive tract region and the location of the stomach can be seen. If it is protruded out, Hiatal hernia is signified.
  2. Endoscopy is another test for detection of Hiatal hernia. A thin tube slides down the throat, which reaches up to the oesophagus and stomach. This will determine whether the stomach is pushing through the diaphragm or not.

Treatment

Medicines, which are used to cure a Hiatal hernia may include antacids for neutralizing stomach acid, H2 receptor blockers to lower acid production and proton pump inhibitors. Sometimes fundoplication surgery is required for the treatment of Hiatal hernia, although it is rare. Some common surgical techniques are rebuilding of oesophageal muscles or a surgery to put the stomach back in its actual place. Laparoscopic surgery methods are used. Hiatal hernia may reoccur even after surgery; so general precautions should be taken. You should:

  1. Exercise regularly and maintain a healthy weight
  2. Avoid lifting heavy objects and ask for help
  3. Avoid any kind of strain on the abdominal muscles

Hiatal hernia is a disorder, which is more common among people over the age of fifty. Necessary precautions and treatment should be adopted in case of Hiatal hernia. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a General Surgeon.

2807 people found this helpful

Hiatal Hernia - How Can We Treat It?

MS - General Surgery, MBBS, Hepatobiliary & GI Surgery Fellow, Diploma In Minimal Access Surgery, Fellowship In Minimal Access Surgery, ATLS Certification, AMASI, IAGES, IAGES
Gastroenterologist, Ahmedabad
Hiatal Hernia - How Can We Treat It?

Hiatal Hernia takes place when the upper portion of the stomach pushes itself through an opening in the diaphragm, into the chest cavity. The diaphragm is a wall of thin muscles, which separates the chest cavity and the abdomen.

In most cases, a small hiatal hernia doesn't cause problems, and you may never know you have a hiatal hernia unless your doctor discovers it when checking for another condition.

But a large hiatal hernia can allow food and acid to back up into your oesophagus, leading to heartburn. Self-care measures or medications can usually relieve these symptoms, although a very large hiatal hernia sometimes requires surgery.

Causes-

Hiatal hernia is primarily or most commonly caused due to the increase in pressure in the abdominal cavity. Sometimes, a lot of pressure may be felt around the stomach accompanied by coughing, vomiting, strain during bowel movements. For people born with an abnormal hiatus, the chance of getting hiatal hernia is more.

The two common types of hiatal hernia are:

-Sliding Hiatal Hernia, which occurs during the sliding out of the stomach and oesophagus into and out of the chest through the hiatus. This type of hiatal hernia is less intense and has no symptoms.

-Fixed Hiatal Hernia or Paraoesophageal Hernia is an uncommon type of hernia where a part of the stomach pushes through the diaphragm and stays there.

Symptoms-

Usually, no symptoms are experienced during Hiatal Hernia. Some symptoms are experienced that happen due to stomach acids, bile or air, which enters the oesophagus. Some common symptoms include:

-Heartburns which become worse when a person lies down.

-Chest pain, better called epigastric pain.

-Problem in swallowing food.

-Belching.

Tests for Diagnosis-

Several tests can be carried out for the diagnosis of hiatal hernia. They include:

-Barium X-ray, where a person is made to drink a liquid filled with barium before the x-ray. The x-ray provides a clear image of the upper digestive tract region, and the location of the stomach can be seen. If it is protruded out, hiatal hernia is signified.

-Endoscopy is another test for detection of hiatal hernia. A thin tube slides down the throat which reaches up to the oesophagus and stomach. This will determine whether the stomach is pushing through the diaphragm or not.

Treatment-

Medicines which are used to cure a hiatal hernia may include antacids for neutralizing stomach acid, H2 receptor blockers to lower acid production and proton pump inhibitors.

Sometimes fundoplication surgery is required for the treatment of hiatal hernia, although it is rare. Some common surgical techniques are rebuilding of oesophageal muscles or a surgery to put the stomach back in its actual place. Laparoscopic surgery methods are used.

Hiatal hernia may reoccur even after surgery; so general precautions should be taken. You should:

-Exercise regularly and maintain a healthy weight.

-Avoid lifting heavy objects and ask for help.

-Avoid any kind of strain on the abdominal muscles.

Hiatal hernia is a disorder which is more common among people over the age of fifty. Necessary precautions and treatment should be adopted in case of hiatal hernia.

Hiatal Hernia - How To Diagnose It?

Dr. Akshay Solanki 85% (10 ratings)
MS- General Surgery
General Surgeon, Jodhpur
Hiatal Hernia - How To Diagnose It?

Hiatal Hernia takes place when the upper portion of the stomach pushes itself through an opening in the diaphragm, into the chest cavity. The diaphragm is a wall of thin muscles, which separates the chest cavity and the abdomen.

In most cases, a small hiatal hernia doesn't cause problems, and you may never know you have a hiatal hernia unless your doctor discovers it when checking for another condition.

But a large hiatal hernia can allow food and acid to back up into your oesophagus, leading to heartburn. Self-care measures or medications can usually relieve these symptoms, although a very large hiatal hernia sometimes requires surgery.

Causes-

Hiatal hernia is primarily or most commonly caused due to the increase in pressure in the abdominal cavity. Sometimes, a lot of pressure may be felt around the stomach accompanied by coughing, vomiting, strain during bowel movements. For people born with an abnormal hiatus, the chance of getting hiatal hernia is more.

The two common types of hiatal hernia are:

-Sliding Hiatal Hernia, which occurs during the sliding out of the stomach and oesophagus into and out of the chest through the hiatus. This type of hiatal hernia is less intense and has no symptoms.

-Fixed Hiatal Hernia or Paraoesophageal Hernia is an uncommon type of hernia where a part of the stomach pushes through the diaphragm and stays there.

Symptoms-

Usually, no symptoms are experienced during Hiatal Hernia. Some symptoms are experienced that happen due to stomach acids, bile or air, which enters the oesophagus. Some common symptoms include:

-Heartburns which become worse when a person lies down.

-Chest pain, better called epigastric pain.

-Problem in swallowing food.

-Belching.

Tests for Diagnosis-

Several tests can be carried out for the diagnosis of hiatal hernia. They include:

-Barium X-ray, where a person is made to drink a liquid filled with barium before the x-ray. The x-ray provides a clear image of the upper digestive tract region, and the location of the stomach can be seen. If it is protruded out, hiatal hernia is signified.

-Endoscopy is another test for detection of hiatal hernia. A thin tube slides down the throat which reaches up to the oesophagus and stomach. This will determine whether the stomach is pushing through the diaphragm or not.

Treatment-

Medicines which are used to cure a hiatal hernia may include antacids for neutralizing stomach acid, H2 receptor blockers to lower acid production and proton pump inhibitors.

Sometimes fundoplication surgery is required for the treatment of hiatal hernia, although it is rare. Some common surgical techniques are rebuilding of oesophageal muscles or a surgery to put the stomach back in its actual place. Laparoscopic surgery methods are used.

Hiatal hernia may reoccur even after surgery; so general precautions should be taken. You should:

-Exercise regularly and maintain a healthy weight.

-Avoid lifting heavy objects and ask for help.

-Avoid any kind of strain on the abdominal muscles.

Hiatal hernia is a disorder which is more common among people over the age of fifty. Necessary precautions and treatment should be adopted in case of hiatal hernia.

2557 people found this helpful

Hiatal Hernia - How You Can Treat It With Surgery?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Ghaziabad
Hiatal Hernia - How You Can Treat It With Surgery?

Hiatal hernia takes place when the upper portion of the stomach pushes itself through an opening in the diaphragm, into the chest cavity. The diaphragm is a wall of thin muscles, which separates the chest cavity and the abdomen. In most cases, a small Hiatal hernia doesn't cause problems and you may never know you have a Hiatal hernia unless your doctor discovers it when checking for another condition.

But a large Hiatal hernia can allow food and acid to back up into your oesophagus, leading to heartburn. Self-care measures or medications can usually relieve these symptoms, although a very large Hiatal hernia sometimes requires surgery.

Causes

Hiatal hernia is primarily or most commonly caused due to the increase in pressure in the abdominal cavity. Sometimes, a lot of pressure may be felt around the stomach accompanied by coughingvomiting, strain during bowel movements. For people born with an abnormal hiatus, the chance of getting Hiatal hernia is more.

The two common types of Hiatal hernia are:

  1. Sliding Hiatal hernia, which occurs during the sliding out of the stomach and oesophagus into and out of the chest through the hiatus. This type of Hiatal hernia is less intense and has no symptoms.
  2. Fixed Hiatal hernia or Paraoesophageal Hernia is an uncommon type of hernia where a part of the stomach pushes through the diaphragm and stays there.

Symptoms

Usually, no symptoms are experienced during Hiatal Hernia. Some symptoms are experienced that happen due to stomach acids, bile or air, which enters the oesophagus. Some common symptoms include:

  1. Heartburns which become worse when a person lies down
  2. Chest pain, better called epigastric pain
  3. Problem in swallowing food
  4. Belching

Tests for Diagnosis

Several tests can be carried out for the diagnosis of Hiatal hernia. They include:

  1. Barium X-ray, where a person is made to drink a liquid filled with barium before the x-ray. The x-ray provides a clear image of the upper digestive tract region and the location of the stomach can be seen. If it is protruded out, Hiatal hernia is signified.
  2. Endoscopy is another test for detection of Hiatal hernia. A thin tube slides down the throat, which reaches up to the oesophagus and stomach. This will determine whether the stomach is pushing through the diaphragm or not.

Treatment

Medicines, which are used to cure a Hiatal hernia may include antacids for neutralizing stomach acid, H2 receptor blockers to lower acid production and proton pump inhibitors. Sometimes fundoplication surgery is required for the treatment of Hiatal hernia, although it is rare. Some common surgical techniques are rebuilding of oesophageal muscles or a surgery to put the stomach back in its actual place. Laparoscopic surgery methods are used. Hiatal hernia may reoccur even after surgery; so general precautions should be taken. You should:

  1. Exercise regularly and maintain a healthy weight
  2. Avoid lifting heavy objects and ask for help
  3. Avoid any kind of strain on the abdominal muscles

Hiatal hernia is a disorder, which is more common among people over the age of fifty. Necessary precautions and treatment should be adopted in case of Hiatal hernia.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2006 people found this helpful

Hiatal Hernia - Tests That Will Help Diagnose It!

Dr. Anjanjyoti Sarma 90% (434 ratings)
MCh(Minimally Invasive & Robotic Surgery), MS - Surgical, MBBS
General Surgeon, Guwahati
Hiatal Hernia - Tests That Will Help Diagnose It!

Hiatal Hernia takes place when the upper portion of the stomach pushes itself through an opening in the diaphragm, into the chest cavity. The diaphragm is a wall of thin muscles, which separates the chest cavity and the abdomen.

In most cases, a small hiatal hernia doesn't cause problems, and you may never know you have a hiatal hernia unless your doctor discovers it when checking for another condition.

But a large hiatal hernia can allow food and acid to back up into your oesophagus, leading to heartburn. Self-care measures or medications can usually relieve these symptoms, although a very large hiatal hernia sometimes requires surgery.

Causes-

Hiatal hernia is primarily or most commonly caused due to the increase in pressure in the abdominal cavity. Sometimes, a lot of pressure may be felt around the stomach accompanied by coughing, vomiting, strain during bowel movements. For people born with an abnormal hiatus, the chance of getting hiatal hernia is more.

The two common types of hiatal hernia are:

-Sliding Hiatal Hernia, which occurs during the sliding out of the stomach and oesophagus into and out of the chest through the hiatus. This type of hiatal hernia is less intense and has no symptoms.

-Fixed Hiatal Hernia or Paraoesophageal Hernia is an uncommon type of hernia where a part of the stomach pushes through the diaphragm and stays there.

Symptoms-

Usually, no symptoms are experienced during Hiatal Hernia. Some symptoms are experienced that happen due to stomach acids, bile or air, which enters the oesophagus. Some common symptoms include:

-Heartburns which become worse when a person lies down.

-Chest pain, better called epigastric pain.

-Problem in swallowing food.

-Belching.

Tests for Diagnosis-

Several tests can be carried out for the diagnosis of hiatal hernia. They include:

-Barium X-ray, where a person is made to drink a liquid filled with barium before the x-ray. The x-ray provides a clear image of the upper digestive tract region, and the location of the stomach can be seen. If it is protruded out, hiatal hernia is signified.

-Endoscopy is another test for detection of hiatal hernia. A thin tube slides down the throat which reaches up to the oesophagus and stomach. This will determine whether the stomach is pushing through the diaphragm or not.

Treatment-

Medicines which are used to cure a hiatal hernia may include antacids for neutralizing stomach acid, H2 receptor blockers to lower acid production and proton pump inhibitors.

Sometimes fundoplication surgery is required for the treatment of hiatal hernia, although it is rare. Some common surgical techniques are rebuilding of oesophageal muscles or a surgery to put the stomach back in its actual place. Laparoscopic surgery methods are used.

Hiatal hernia may reoccur even after surgery; so general precautions should be taken. You should:

-Exercise regularly and maintain a healthy weight.

-Avoid lifting heavy objects and ask for help.

-Avoid any kind of strain on the abdominal muscles.

Hiatal hernia is a disorder which is more common among people over the age of fifty. Necessary precautions and treatment should be adopted in case of hiatal hernia.

1822 people found this helpful

Laparoscopic Hiatal Hernia & Paraesophageal Repair

MCh - Pediatric Surgery, MRCS, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery(FMAS) & Reproductive Medicine, MBBS
General Surgeon, Hyderabad
Laparoscopic Hiatal Hernia & Paraesophageal Repair

When a tissue or an organ gets displaced abnormally through the wall of the cavity in which it usually resides, then this condition is termed as a hernia. A hernia including stomach or intestine has become a common occurrence.

Hernias are caused by a combination of muscle weakness and strain. The actual cause of Hernia is not known however, some people are either born with an unusually large hiatus or it might occur when too much pressure is exerted on the muscles around your stomach. Obesity, aging, and smoking are the other contributing factors.

A Hiatal Hernia is a condition in which a part of the stomach protrudes through the diaphragm (muscular wall separating the chest cavity and the abdomen) into the chest. There are two types of Hiatal Hernia – Paraesophageal Hernia and Sliding Hernia. Sliding Hernia occurs when your stomach and esophagus slide in and out of your chest through the hiatus. Paraesophageal Hernia is the one where a part of the stomach passes or bulges into the chest beside the esophagus. Particularly if a Paraesophageal Hernia is large, it might slow down the food passage and cause the food to stick in the esophagus once it is swallowed. Fortunately, these types of cases are uncommon.

The treatment of every hernia depends on its size and symptoms. A surgery is recommended for the below-listed cases:

  • Incarcerated Hernia - Where the intestinal tissue gets trapped in the abdominal wall, resulting in pain and discomfort.
  • Strangulated Hernia -  If the Incarcerated Hernia is left untreated it may become Strangulated Hernia wherein the blood supply to the trapped tissue is cut off which can cause permanent damage or death.

Medical Emergency is considered when you experience nausea or vomiting, sudden pain which turns worse, or when Hernia turns red, purple or dark.

Laparoscopy:
The common surgical procedure used for repair of a hiatal hernia is a Laparoscopic method. A laparoscope is a telescope-like instrument connected to a video camera, that is inserted into the abdominal cavity and the surgical video is visualized on high-resolution video monitors in the operating room. Long thin surgical instruments are inserted in the other incision and the surgeon performs the surgery by watching the monitor. This method causes less pain and speedy recovery compared to the conventional techniques. This is proved as a minimally invasive procedure where both pain and healing time is greatly reduced. Since incisions are very small during the surgery you experience less discomfort resulting in the use of lesser painkiller, which is one of the primary advantages of this procedure.

Another significant benefit of a laparoscopic procedure is that there is less risk of post-op infection owing to lesser exposure of the internal organs to any external contaminants. Since healing is so much faster the length of hospital stay required is also significantly shorter with laparoscopic surgery. This implies that you can return to your normal routine quicker as you will get discharged from the hospital on the same-day or the next-day of the surgery.

1993 people found this helpful

What You Should Know About Hernia?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery, Phd
General Surgeon, Lucknow
What You Should Know About Hernia?

When an organ residing in a cavity such as the abdomen tries to push through the muscular layer it resides, it is called as hernia.

Though said to be genetic, hernias can be caused by things such as improper heavy lifting, incorrect posture, or chronic constipation and as a result of surgical complication or injury. Factors like obesity, pregnancy, smoking, chronic lung disease aggravate the severity of the hernia. It is believed that about 27% of all males and 3% of females can have a hernia during their lifetime.

Types of Hernias-

  1. Inguinal hernia - The groin is the most common area, where the abdomen pushes through a weak spot in the lower abdominal wall, causing a protrusion into the inguinal canal. More common in men than women.
  2. Hiatal hernia - The abdomen has the diaphragm separating it from the thoracic cavity in the upper border. When it pushes through the diaphragm, a hernia is caused and there is almost always associated food reflux in these cases. Though the most common cause is associated old age, due to muscle weakness, there also are cases of congenital hiatal hernias.
  3. Umbilical hernia - The abdomen finds a weak layer along its length and protrudes through the skin on the stomach. Most commonly seen in babies around the bellybutton, it gradually corrects itself on its own. Quiet rare in adults, seen during pregnancy and in chronic obese people.
  4. Incisional - These are post-surgical, and happen when the organ protrudes through the weakened wall due to surgery. The abdomen is again the most common area and the hernia can happen either onto the external surface or internally, when they are called ventral hernias. These are the most frequent types, though hernia affects other organs like the spine, brain, appendix, etc.

Treatment - This includes a combination of constant monitoring followed by a decision to do surgical treatment. Hiatal hernias and umbilical hernias can be monitored for a while before deciding on surgery. Inguinal hernias may require surgery earlier in the stage. Post-surgery, a mesh is placed to hold back the tissue in its corrected place. The umbilical hernia in children could be self-limiting. If it does not get auto-corrected in the first year of life, that also would qualify for a surgical treatment. Dependent on each patient, hernias need to be managed under medical supervision.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1869 people found this helpful

Umbilical Hernia Diet

Dt. Neha Suryawanshi 97% (15564 ratings)
M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai

Umbilical hernia diet

An umbilical or belly button hernia occurs when a part of the intestines or the abdominal lining protrudes through an opening in the abdominal muscles. The protruding intestines may get squeezed or strangulated resulting in the blood supply getting cut off. Surgery may be required in serious cases of umbilical hernia. Doctors often suggest a special diet for umbilical hernia patients as this helps to prevent further complications.

Foods to avoid

Certain foods are not recommended for people with an umbilical hernia and should be avoided.

These include:

White refined flour foods made from white refined flour have a low fiber content. Eating these foods may cause constipation and should therefore be avoided. This is because constipation causes straining of the abdominal muscles during bowel movements and may cause further protrusion of the intestines through the abdominal muscles in the region of the belly button.

Low fiber fruits and vegetables the low fiber content in these foods can also lead to constipation. Examples of fruits and vegetables with low fiber content include skinless raw fruits, cooked fruits, and canned or cooked vegetables without seeds, hulls or skin.

Fatty foods foods with a high fat content should be avoided. This is because obesity results in greater pressure on the abdominal muscles and can increase the risk of umbilical hernia. Examples of foods with a high fat content include fatty meat such as pork, whole milk, butter, cream, margarine and fried foods.

Sugar limit your calorie intake by cutting down on foods such as pastries, cakes, chocolates and soda pop. Limiting your sugar intake will also help you to lose some weight, taking pressure off your abdominal region.

Foods to include

A special diet is required after umbilical hernia surgery. This will help you to minimize your convalescence time. The special dietary requirements include:

Fruits fresh fruits that have high fiber content and are rich in antioxidants should form a part of every meal. The high fiber content will ensure that you do not get constipated and the antioxidants will help protect your body and boost your immune system. Try to eat different types of fruits so as to get adequate amounts of different vitamins. Citrus fruits, berries, and apples are some examples of fruits with a high fiber and vitamin content.

Vegetables these too have a high fiber content that will guard against the dangers of constipation after an umbilical hernia surgery. They also have high levels of vitamins and minerals and should also be included with every meal.

Lean meat meat is a source of protein, which is essential to the repair of damaged tissue. Lean meat like poultry and fish is an excellent source of low fat protein. Have one good source of low fat protein with every meal.

Low fat dairy products these are a good source of protein and can be alternated with lean meats to provide your body with sufficient protein.
High fiber breakfast foods will aid digestion and so your breakfast should consist of foods made from whole wheat flour, wheat germ, oatmeal, or bran.

9 people found this helpful
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